Safety of toys - Part 7: Finger paints - Requirements and test methods

This part of EN 71 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints and applies to finger paints only.
Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 7: Fingermalfarben - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieser Teil der EN 71 legt Anforderungen an die in Fingermalfarben verwendeten Stoffe und Materialien fest und gilt nur für Fingermalfarben.
Für Beschriftung, Kennzeichnung und Behälter sind zusätzliche Anforderungen festgelegt.

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 7: Peintures au doigt - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente partie de l'EN 71 fixe des exigences relatives aux substances et produits utilisés dans les peintures au doigt et s’applique uniquement aux peintures au doigt.
Des exigences complémentaires sont données pour le marquage, l'étiquetage et l'emballage.

Varnost igrač - 7. del: Prstne barve - Zahteve in preskusne metode (vključno z dopolnilom A3)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Apr-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
08-Apr-2020
Completion Date
08-Apr-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
01-junij-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 71-7:2014+A2:2018
Varnost igrač - 7. del: Prstne barve - Zahteve in preskusne metode (vključno z
dopolnilom A3)
Safety of toys - Part 7: Finger paints - Requirements and test methods

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 7: Fingermalfarben - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 7: Peintures au doigt - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
ICS:
97.200.50 Igrače Toys
SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.50
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 7: Finger paints - Requirements and
test methods

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 7: Peintures au doigt - Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 7: Fingermalfarben -

Exigences et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 9 January 2018 and includes Amendment 3 approved by CEN on 13 February

2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Colourants .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Preservatives ................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.4 Migration of certain elements ................................................................................................................. 10

4.5 Limits for impurities ................................................................................................................................... 10

4.5.1 Limits for primary aromatic amines ..................................................................................................... 10

4.5.2 Limits for other impurities ....................................................................................................................... 11

4.6 Taste and smell ............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.7 pH-value .......................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.8 Binding agents, extenders, humectants and surfactants ............................................................... 12

4.9 N-Nitrosamines ............................................................................................................................................. 12

4.10 Containers ....................................................................................................................................................... 13

5 Product information ................................................................................................................................... 13

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13

5.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.2.1 Primary packaging ....................................................................................................................................... 13

5.2.2 Container ......................................................................................................................................................... 14

Annex A (informative) Non-exhaustive list of colourants which are commonly used in finger

paints, and need to be in compliance with both the general and specified purity

requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 15

Annex B (normative) List of preservatives allowed for use in finger paints ......................................... 21

Annex C (informative) Ingredients used in the manufacture of finger paints ....................................... 26

Annex D (normative) Method for the detection of certain azo colourants and determination

of free primary aromatic amines ............................................................................................................ 28

D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 28

D.2 Reagents .......................................................................................................................................................... 29

D.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 30

D.4 Instrumentation ........................................................................................................................................... 30

D.5 Sampling procedure .................................................................................................................................... 30

D.6 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 31

D.7 Calculation ...................................................................................................................................................... 40

D.8 Precision .......................................................................................................................................................... 41

D.8.1 Linearity .......................................................................................................................................................... 41

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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)

D.8.2 Limits of Detection (LOD) and Quantification (LOQ) ....................................................................... 41

D.8.3 Repeatability and reproducibility data for soluble aromatic amines ....................................... 42

D.8.4 Repeatability and reproducibility data for reductively cleaved aromatic amines ............... 43

D.8.5 Recovery .......................................................................................................................................................... 44

D.9 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 46

D.10 Additional Information ............................................................................................................................... 46

Annex E (normative) Method for the determination of hexachlorobenzene, polychlorinated

biphenyls and %benzo[a]pyrene& ................................................................................................... 47

E.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 47

E.2 Standards, reagents and solvents ........................................................................................................... 47

E.3 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 49

E.4 Instrumentation ............................................................................................................................................ 50

E.5 Sampling .......................................................................................................................................................... 50

E.6 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 50

E.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

E.6.2 Sample preparation ..................................................................................................................................... 50

E.6.3 Solvent extraction ......................................................................................................................................... 50

E.6.4 Solid phase extraction ................................................................................................................................. 51

E.6.5 Sample concentration for determining HCB and PCB congeners ................................................ 51

E.6.6 Sample concentration for determining B[α]P .................................................................................... 51

E.6.7 Gas chromatography conditions ............................................................................................................. 51

E.6.8 Mass spectrometry ....................................................................................................................................... 52

E.6.9 SIM mode ......................................................................................................................................................... 52

E.7 Calculation....................................................................................................................................................... 57

E.8 Precision .......................................................................................................................................................... 60

E.8.1 Linearity ........................................................................................................................................................... 60

E.8.2 Limits of detection (LOD) and Quantification (LOQ) ....................................................................... 60

E.8.3 Repeatability and reproducibility data for HCB, PCB congeners and B[α]P ........................... 60

E.8.4 Recovery .......................................................................................................................................................... 61

E.9 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 62

E.10 Additional information ............................................................................................................................... 62

Annex F (informative) Rationale ............................................................................................................................ 66

F.1 Finger paints (see 3.1 and 3.2) ................................................................................................................. 66

F.2 Colourants (see 4.2.1) .................................................................................................................................. 66

F.3 Preservatives (see 4.3) ............................................................................................................................... 66

F.4 Elements (see 4.4) ........................................................................................................................................ 66

F.5 Primary aromatic amines (see 4.5.1.2, Tables 1 and 2 and Annex D) ....................................... 66

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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)

F.6 Limit for %Benzo[a]Pyrene& (see 4.5.2) ....................................................................................... 67

F.7 Embittering agents (see 4.6) .................................................................................................................... 67

F.8 pH value (see 4.7) ......................................................................................................................................... 67

F.9 N-Nitrosamines (see 4.9) ........................................................................................................................... 67

F.10 Container (see 4.10) .................................................................................................................................... 68

F.11 Labelling phrases (see 5.2.1.2) ................................................................................................................ 68

F.12 List of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (see Annex E)........................................................... 68

F.13 Reference materials (see Annex D and E) ........................................................................................... 68

F.14 PCB Analytical Method (see E.6) ............................................................................................................. 69

Annex G (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and

the previous version ................................................................................................................................... 70

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC ....................................................................................... 71

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 72

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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52

“Safety of toys”, the secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2020 and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes %EN 71-7:2014+A2:2018.&
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 2017-08-31.
This document includes Amendment 2 approved by CEN on 2018-01-09.
This document includes Amendment 3 approved by CEN on 2020-02-13.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !",

#$ and %&.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.
EN 71, Safety of toys, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
— Part 2: Flammability
— Part 3: Migration of certain elements
— Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities
— Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
— Part 7: Finger paints – Requirements and test methods
— Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use
— Part 9: Organic chemical compounds – Requirements
— Part 10: Organic chemical compounds – Sample preparation and extraction
— Part 11: Organic chemical compounds – Methods of analysis
— Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances
— Part 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
— Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use

!NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been

published: CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15071, Safety of toys - National translations of warnings and

instructions for use in EN 71 and CEN/TR 15371 (all parts), Safety of toys – Interpretations."

This part 7 of the EN 71 series is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 71, part 1.

NOTE 2 Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (Terms and definitions).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard contains requirements which are intended to reduce the risks to children when

finger paints are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children. It

is intended to complete the essential safety requirements of Directive 2009/48/EC by providing special

requirements for finger paints.

It is recognized that finger paints when compared to other toy products present different risks because

of the intended use by fingers or hands and the age of the child. For example, prolonged skin contact or

possible ingestion of paint material cannot be ruled out. Therefore, the safety requirements outlined in

other parts of EN 71 needed to be expanded upon for finger paints. In order to address the risks

associated with the use of finger paints by children, this part of EN 71 contains requirements relating to

preservatives as well as other ingredients that may be used in the manufacture of finger paints and

requirements relating to impurities, migration of certain elements and other attributes.

Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number (CAS), European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances

Number (EINECS) or Colour Index Number given in the tables are provided for information purposes

only.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This part of EN 71 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints and

applies to finger paints only.
Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements
EN 71-12, Safety of toys - Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances

EN ISO 787-9, General methods of test for pigments and extenders - Part 9: Determination of pH value of

aqueous suspension (ISO 787-9)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
finger paint

aqueous semi-solid or liquid, coloured mixture specially designed for children to apply directly to

suitable surfaces with the fingers and hands
3.2
colourant
pigment or dyestuff
Note 1 to entry: For definitions of pigment and dyestuff, see EN ISO 4618.
3.3
extender

material in granular or powder form, insoluble in the medium and used to modify or influence certain

physical properties
[SOURCE: EN ISO 4618:2006, 2.98]
3.4
humectant
substance that delays the drying process
3.5
binding agent

water soluble or miscible, non-volatile component that binds the paint to the surface to which it has

been applied
3.6
preservative
substance that prevents the growth of undesirable micro-organisms
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
3.7
surfactant
surface active substance
3.8
embittering agent
substance that gives the product a bitter taste
4 Requirements

NOTE The requirements of this standard apply to finger paints in the form used by the child. In the case of

powdered finger paints (for example to which water might be added before use) the requirements apply to the

finger paint prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions.
4.1 General

Finger paints shall not contain dangerous substances or mixtures in amounts which can harm the health

of children using them.

NOTE 1 For more information, see Directive 1999/45/EC [2] and Regulation No. (EC) 1272/2008 [1].

Finger paints shall not fulfil the criteria of any of the following hazard classes:

— “acute toxicity” (hazard class 3.1),
— “Skin corrosion/irritation” (hazard class 3.2),
— “Serious eye damage/eye irritation” (hazard class 3.3),
— “Respiratory or skin sensitisation” (hazard class 3.4),
— “Germ cell mutagenicity” (hazard class 3.5),
— “Carcinogenicity” (hazard class 3.6),
— “Reproductive toxicity” (hazard class 3.7),
— “Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure” (hazard class 3.8),
— “Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure” (hazard class 3.9),
— “Aspiration hazard” (hazard class 3.10).

NOTE 2 The classification is detailed in Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 [1] (Annex I, Part 3: Health Hazards).

4.2 Colourants

4.2.1 Only colourants and colouring materials which are not fulfilling the hazard criteria in 4.1 shall

be used in finger paints.

NOTE A non-exhaustive list of commonly used colourants, subject to meeting purity requirements, is given in

Annex A consisting of colourants falling in one or more of the following categories: Colourants permitted for use in

food and/or cosmetics and other pigments which meet the general requirements of 4.1.

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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)

4.2.2 Finger paints shall not contain azo colourants that by cleavage of one or more azo groups can

produce the primary aromatic amines listed in Tables 1 and 2 when tested in accordance with the test

method specified in Annex D.
4.3 Preservatives

Finger paints shall be preserved using only the preservatives listed in Annex B. The determination of

preservatives shall be in accordance with the methods approved under EU Cosmetics Legislation, where

available (see Directive 82/434/EEC [6], Directive 83/514/EEC [7], Directive 85/490/EEC [8],

Directive 93/73/EEC [9], Directive 95/32/EC [10], Directive 96/45/EC [11]). When tested in

accordance with these methods, the maximum concentrations specified in the column ”maximum

allowed concentration” of Table B.1 and the limitations and requirements specified in the column

”Limitations and requirements” of Table B.1 shall be observed.
4.4 Migration of certain elements

When tested in accordance with EN 71-3 the concentration of elements shall not exceed the limit values

specified in EN 71-3.
4.5 Limits for impurities
4.5.1 Limits for primary aromatic amines

4.5.1.1 The primary aromatic amines listed in Table 1 shall not be determinable when tested in

accordance with the test method in Annex D.
Table 1 — Primary aromatic amines
Primary aromatic amines CAS number
Benzidine 92–87–5
2-Naphthylamine 91–59–8
95–69–2
4-Chloro-2-methyl-aniline (4-Chloro-o-
toluidine)
4-Aminobiphenyl 92–67–1

4.5.1.2 Finger paints shall not contain carcinogenic primary aromatic amines (see Table 2 for a non-

exhaustive list of relevant substances) in a total amount exceeding 20 mg/kg, with no individual

primary aromatic amine exceeding 10 mg/kg, when tested in accordance with Annex D. The limitation

does not apply to aromatic aminocarboxylic acids or aminosulfonic acids.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
Table 2 — Other carcinogenic primary aromatic amines (non-exhaustive list)
Carcinogenic primary aromatic amine CAS number
o-Aminoazotoluene (4-o-tolyazo-o-toluidine) 97–56–3
2-Amino-4-nitro-toluene (5-Nitro-o-toluidine) 99–55–8
4-Chloroaniline 106–47–8
2,4-Diaminoanisole 615–05–4
4,4'-Diaminodiphenylmethane (4,4'-Methylenedianiline) 101–77–9
a 91–94–1
3,3'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 119–90–4
3,3'-Dimethylbenzidine 119–93–7
3,3'-Dimethyl-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane 838–88–0
p-Cresidine (6-Methoxy-m-toluidine) 120–71–8
101–14–4
2,2’-Dichloro-4,4’-methylenedianiline
(4,4'-Methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline)
4,4'-Oxydianiline 101–80–4
4,4'-Thiodianiline 139–65–1
o-Toluidine 95–53–4
2,4-Xylidine 95–68–1
2,6-Xylidine 87–62–7
4-Amino-3-fluorophenol 399–95–1
6-Amino-2-ethoxynaphthalene 293733–21–8
2-Methoxyaniline (o-anisidine) 90–04–0
4-Aminoazobenzene 60–09–3
4-Methyl-m-phenylenediamine 95–80–7
(Toluene-2,4-diamine)
2,4,5-Trimethylaniline 137–17–7
Aniline 62–53–3
%For certain pigments limit values for 3,3’-Dichlorobenzidine are given in
Annex A&.
4.5.2 Limits for other impurities

Finger paints shall not contain the impurities specified in Table 3, column 1 above the limits specified in

column 2 when colourants specified in Table 3, column 3 are used, when tested in accordance with

Annex E.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020
EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 (E)
Table 3 — Impurities in finger paints
Impurity Limit Finger paints of concern
mg/kg
Polychlorinated 2 Finger paints containing
biphenyls colourant products
containing chlorine or
manufactured in chlorinated
solvents
Hexachlorobenzene 5 Finger paints containing
colourant products
containing chlorine or
manufactured in chlorinated
solvents
Benzo (a) pyrene 0,05 Only for finger paints
containing carbon black
4.6 Taste and smell
Finger paints shall not be sweetened, flavoured or fragranced.

An embittering agent in accordance with the following list (see Table 4) shall be added in order to

discourage and minimize the ingestion of paint. The bitterness shall stay in the product during product

lifetime.
The bitterness should be sensorically detectable in a dilution with water 1:100.
Table 4 — Embittering agents
Embittering agent CAS number
Naringin CAS 10236–47–2
%Denatonium benzoate& CAS 3734–33–6

NOTE The relative bitterness of these substances is approximately 1:3000 (naringin : denatonium benzoate).

The following levels have been found suitable: naringin 1 %; denatonium benzoate 0,0004 % (4 mg/kg).

4.7 pH-value
The p
...

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