Railway applications - Closing and locking devices for payload protecting devices against environmental influences - Requirements for durability, operation, indication, maintenance, recycling

This European Standard applies to new and upgraded freight wagons where an approval is required. These protecting devices are classified into two types of load and this standard defines the requirements for the durability of the closing and locking devices, their status indication, maintenance and recycling. This standard also defines pass-fail criteria for the dimensioning tests.
NOTE   Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements should be agreed by the contracting parties involved.
This standard is not applicable to closing and locking devices which are used to ensure a pressure difference or to retain liquids /liquid payloads. It is not applicable to vehicles which are emptied by pressure, nor is it applicable to loose tarpaulins.

Bahnanwendungen - Verschluss- und Sicherungsteile von Ladegutschutzeinrichtungen gegen Umwelteinflüsse - Anforderungen an Festigkeit, Bedienbarkeit, Kennzeichnung, Instandhaltung, Entsorgung

Diese Norm gilt für Neubau und Umbau von Güterfahrzeugen, für die eine Genehmigung erforderlich ist.
Diese Schutzeinrichtungen werden in zwei Lastarten eingeordnet und es werden Anforderungen an die
Festigkeit der Verschlüsse und Verriegelungen, an die Erkennbarkeit des Status, Instandhaltung und
Entsorgung festgelegt. Diese Norm definiert auch die Kriterien zur Annahme und Ablehnung der Auslegungsprüfungen.
ANMERKUNG Über diese Norm hinausgehende Anforderungen sind zwischen den Vertragsparteien zu vereinbaren.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Verschlüsse und Verriegelungen, deren Ziel es ist, eine Druckdifferenz aufrecht zu
erhalten oder flüssiges Ladegut zurückzuhalten. Diese Norm gilt nicht für Fahrzeuge, die mit Druck entladen
werden und gilt nicht für lose Planen.

Applications ferroviaires - Dispositifs de fermeture et de verrouillage des équipements de protection du chargement contre les influences environnantes - Exigences de résistance mécanique, exploitation, marquage, maintenance et recyclage

La présente norme s'applique aux wagons de marchandises neufs et réaménagés pour lesquels une nouvelle
autorisation de mise en service est exigée. Ces systèmes de protection sont classés en 2 catégories et la présente
norme définit les exigences de résistance mécanique des dispositifs de fermeture et de verrouillage, leur indication
d'état, leur maintenance et leur recyclage. La présente norme définit également les critères de réussite ou d’échec
aux essais de dimensionnement.
NOTE Il convient que toute disposition allant au-delà du domaine d'application des présentes exigences fasse l'objet d'un
accord entre les parties contractantes concernées.
La présente norme ne s'applique pas aux dispositifs de fermeture et de verrouillage utilisés pour assurer un
différentiel de pression ou pour retenir des liquides ou chargements liquides. De même, elle n'est pas applicable aux
véhicules à déchargement par pression ni aux chargements protégés par des bâches amovibles.

Železniške naprave - Zapiralne in varovalne naprave za zaščito pred okoljskimi vplivi - Zahteve, ki se nanašajo na trajnost, obratovanje, označevanje, vzdrževanje in predelavo

Ta evropski standard velja za nove in nadgrajene tovorne vagone, za katere je potrebna odobritev. Te zaščitne naprave so razvrščene v dva tipa obremenitve in ta standard opredeljuje zahteve za trajnost zapiralnih in varovalnih naprav, označevanje njihovega stanja, vzdrževanje in predelavo. Ta standard opredeljuje tudi merila za uspešnost in neuspešnost preskusov dimenzioniranja. Ta standard ne velja za zapiralne in varovalne naprave, ki zagotavljajo tlačno razliko ali zadržujejo tekočine/tekoče tovore. Ne velja za vozila, ki se praznijo s tlakom, in ne velja za ohlapne ponjave.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Jan-2010
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Dec-2016
Completion Date
15-Dec-2016

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 15723:2011
English language
29 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bahnanwendungen - Verschluss- und Sicherungsteile von Ladegutschutzeinrichtungen gegen Umwelteinflüsse - Anforderungen an Festigkeit, Bedienbarkeit, Kennzeichnung, Instandhaltung, EntsorgungApplications ferroviaires - Dispositifs de fermeture et de verrouillage des équipements de protection du chargement contre les influences environnantes - Exigences de résistance mécanique, exploitation, marquage, maintenance et recyclageRailway applications - Closing and locking devices for payload protecting devices against environmental influences - Requirements for durability, operation, indication, maintenance, recycling45.060.01Železniška vozila na splošnoRailway rolling stock in generalICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15723:2010SIST EN 15723:2011en,fr,de01-oktober-2011SIST EN 15723:2011SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 15723:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15723
January 2010 ICS 45.060.20 English Version

Railway applications - Closing and locking devices for payload protecting devices against environmental influences - Requirements for durability, operation, indication, maintenance, recycling

Applications ferroviaires - Dispositifs de fermeture et de verrouillage des équipements de protection du chargement contre les influences environnantes - Exigences de résistance mécanique, exploitation, marquage, maintenance et recyclage

Bahnanwendungen - Verschluss- und Sicherungsteile von Ladegutschutzeinrichtungen gegen Umwelteinflüsse - Anforderungen an Festigkeit, Bedienbarkeit, Kennzeichnung, Instandhaltung, Entsorgung This European Standard was approved by CEN on 7 November 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 15723:2010: ESIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................41Scope ......................................................................................................................................................52Normative references ............................................................................................................................53Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................54Requirements .........................................................................................................................................74.1General ....................................................................................................................................................74.2Strength of side doors and their locking devices, sliding doors and single and multi-leafed doors under transverse loading ...............................................................................................84.3Strength of sliding walls and their locking devices ...........................................................................84.4Forces resulting from the passing of trains .......................................................................................84.4.1General ....................................................................................................................................................84.4.2Movable roofs .........................................................................................................................................84.4.3Side doors of high-sided open wagons and their closing and locking devices .............................84.4.4Unloading doors of gravity discharge wagons and their closing and locking devices .................84.5Safeguards of movable protecting devices (i.e. doors, sliding walls, sliding roofs, flaps, hoods) .....................................................................................................................................................94.6Verification of durability and functioning ...........................................................................................94.7Instructions for use ...............................................................................................................................94.8Environmental conditions .....................................................................................................................94.9Recycling ................................................................................................................................................95Maintenance/repair ............................................................................................................................. 10Annex A (normative)

Strength requirements for wagon components and systems for payload protection ............................................................................................................................................ 11A.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 11A.2Strength of sliding walls .................................................................................................................... 11A.3Forces resulting from the passing of trains .................................................................................... 12A.3.1Individual strength requirements for sliding walls and their locking devices ............................. 12A.4Moveable roofs .................................................................................................................................... 13A.5Strength of the side doors of high sided open wagons ................................................................. 13Annex B (informative)

Specification tables ................................................................................................... 14B.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 14B.2Application case "Movement of lever parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using both hands" .............................................................................................................................. 15B.3Application case "Pulling and pressing in vertical level, using one hand" ................................. 17B.4Application case "Pulling and pressing in horizontal level, using one hand" ............................. 19B.5Application case "Pulling and pressing in horizontal level, using both hands" ......................... 21B.6Application case "Applied forces for lifting, carrying or holding loads" ..................................... 23B.7Application case "Applied moments at cranks with horizontal rotation axis, parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using both hands" ............................................................ 25Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC ....................................................................................... 28Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 29

SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 15723:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by July 2010. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 4 Introduction To achieve an undisturbed, reliable and safe operation of freight trains it is essential to define common requirements for closing and locking devices of protecting devices of interoperable trains with respect to e.g. structural requirements, operating characteristics, way of operation, maintenance as well as their handling. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard applies to new and upgraded freight wagons where an approval is required. These protecting devices are classified into two types of load and this standard defines the requirements for the durability of the closing and locking devices, their status indication, maintenance and recycling. This standard also defines pass-fail criteria for the dimensioning tests.

NOTE Provisions going beyond the scope of these requirements should be agreed by the contracting parties involved.

This standard is not applicable to closing and locking devices which are used to ensure a pressure difference or to retain liquids /liquid payloads. It is not applicable to vehicles which are emptied by pressure, nor is it applicable to loose tarpaulins. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 349, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body prEN 12663-2, Railway applications — Structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies — Part 2: Freight wagons prEN 15877-1, Railway applications — Marking on railway vehicles — Part 1: Freight wagons 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 aerodynamic forces forces affecting the vehicle and component assemblies by an air stream 3.2 forces from selfmass inertia forces resulting from dynamic forces applied to the protecting (locking) devices 3.3 unloading door type of door which is subject to the force of the payload (or a proportion of it) NOTE The door should be able to be secured against un-planned opening (Category 2). 3.4 movable device to protect device to protect payload against environmental influences and exterior forces NOTE 1 Loose tarpaulins are not considered as a movable protecting device. EXAMPLES Sliding walls, flaps, rigid sliding hoods and covers, hinged doors, bottom doors. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 6 3.5 closing and locking device device for fixing a movable protecting device in a defined position 3.6 operating module freight wagon load securing or locking unit activated by operating elements NOTE An operating module can also be an operating element. 3.7 operating element element which is operated during loading/unloading EXAMPLES Removable stanchions, hand wheels, sliding walls, levers or movable tie-downs. 3.8 applied force or moment body force or moment which acts outwardly from the body NOTE 1 Applied forces or moments are operating forces. NOTE 2 In order to activate an operating element, both static and dynamic forces are applied. 3.9 percentile statement on how many participants of the test group (in percent) are able to summon up the applied force or applied moment NOTE 1 The applied forces or moments stated in the standards always refer to certain percentiles of the test group. NOTE 2 Typical values of percentiles are 1, 5, 15, 50 or 95. Here the difference between 100 and the percentile value describes the percentage of the test group, which is able to summon up more than the respective applied force or moment. When stating the 85th percentile this means for instance that 85 % of the test persons are able to carry out the described activity – and 15 % will be able to carry out more than the described activity. When stating the 15th percentile this means for instance that 15 % of the test persons are not able to carry out the described activity – and 85 % will be able to carry out the described activity. 3.10 types of load classification in two types of loads which are considered for the design of closing and locking devices

NOTE 1 These loads are either internal forces from the load itself or external forces during travelling. NOTE 2 Examples for when these loads are considered for different door types are shown in Table 1. 3.11 automatic safety device automatic device that prevents danger from wrong operation to and by the user 3.12 safeguard device device that safely locks the movable items in their defined (open, close intermediate) position preventing unintentional movements SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 7 Table 1 — Types of load
Load types

Type of door Category 1 Planned/accepted forces by payload (even unloading by gravity), dynamic forces from payload (including unloading) Category 2 No forces from payload, dynamic forces from exterior forces only Examples of types Doors, discharge X X Tanoos, Fals HAA, HHA CDA Sliding walls X X Hbi... wagons VGA Sliding covers/hoods

X Shimms Rils Hinged side doors/ end doors X X E-wagons Curtain sides
Hoppers with opening roof
X Tamns Siding roof "spread eagles" X X

4 Requirements 4.1 General Doors and hatches of freight vehicles shall be designed to be closed and locked. This remains valid while the vehicles are in a moving train (unless this is part of the procedure for discharging the payload). Wagons fitted with special equipment (automatic discharging, opening roof, etc.) shall have instructions concerning operation of this equipment and the safety precautions to be taken, placed in a prominent position and if possible in several languages; these instructions may be accompanied by appropriate pictograms. The closing and locking devices shall be designed to withstand the loads which are caused by the payload under normal, regular conditions and when the payload has been displaced in a foreseeable manner (see Table 1, Category 1). The closing and locking devices shall be designed to withstand the loads which could effect to vehicles during operation. The side doors and the shutters of the ventilation apertures of covered wagons shall be designed to prevent wear and in service stresses causing deformation and resulting in these elements being ripped or falling off during the shunting process or while the train is moving (particularly during passing of two trains). For all types of covered wagon with sliding side doors, they shall be equipped with suitably dimensioned devices to prevent any unintended disengagement. The devices shall limit the vertical play and shall take effect in any operating condition. The forces, which are needed to actuate the closing and locking devices, shall be of a magnitude that can be applied by an operator without additional tools. Exceptions are allowable when additional tools are specifically made available or when motor driven systems are used. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 8 For this, locking devices shall be used which indicate their status (open/closed) and they shall be visible by an operator outside the train. 4.2 Strength of side doors and their locking devices, sliding doors and single and multi-leafed doors under transverse loading The doors and their locking devices, when closed and locked, shall withstand a horizontal normal force from the inside of the wagon outwards, representing the forces produced by a shift in the load as well as by aerodynamic forces during operation. No permanent deformation or loss of functionality should occur, either on the door itself (wall and framework) or on the locking, sliding or guiding components as a result of these loads except where other pass-fail-criteria are defined. The load cases are shown in Annex A. 4.3 Strength of sliding walls and their locking devices The sliding walls and their locking devices, when closed and locked, should resist a horizontal cross force applied from the inside of the wagon outwards. This force represents the forces produced by a shift of the load as well as by pressure differences resulting from aerodynamic forces during operation. The load cases and pass-fail criteria are shown in A.2. 4.4 Forces resulting from the passing of trains 4.4.1 General Locking devices shall maintain their functionality. The load cases and pass-fail criteria are shown in A.3. 4.4.2 Movable roofs Movable roofs and their closing and locking devices at least shall meet the requirements as shown in Table 1, Category 2. The load cases and pass-fail criteria are shown in A.4. 4.4.3 Side doors of high-sided open wagons and their closing and locking devices

The side doors and their closing and locking devices shall maintain their functionality. The load cases and pass-fail criteria are shown in A.5. 4.4.4 Unloading doors of gravity discharge wagons and their closing and locking devices Strength of walls The walls should sustain the maximum permissible loads due to the goods they are intended to carry. The closing and locking devices shall maintain their functionality when they withstand the maximum permissible load, according to the requirements of 4.2. According to 4.2. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 9 The manual forces, which are needed to actuate the closing and locking devices, shall be of a magnitude that can be applied by an operator without additional tools. Exceptions are allowable when additional tools are specifically made available or when motor driven systems are used. The requirements of EN 349 apply. Guidance concerning the determination of the maximum permissible manual forces is defined in Annex B and Annex C. 4.5 Safeguards of movable protecting devices (i.e. doors, sliding walls, sliding roofs, flaps, hoods) Movable items shall be provided with automatic safety devices to avoid any wrong movement in the course of opening and closing operations. Movable items, (i.e. doors, walls, roofs) shall be designed to be secured against unintentional movement when placed in their defined position (open, close intermediate) by safeguard devices which shall work automatically. The final positions are to be fitted with fixed stops. Movable items shall be secured positively in their final closing position against unintentional opening by forces from inside the loading space or exterior forces. Locking devices shall be used whose status (open/closed) is recognisable. Locking devices shall indicate their status in a way that can be checked from outside of the wagon. The locking devices shall be designed to be secured against unintentional opening during running. 4.6 Verification of durability and functioning Verification of durability for the locking and closing devices of movable protecting devices of Category 1 (see Table 1) is made according to the respective loads to be determined in as far as the load cases set out in Annex A do not apply. Verification of durability and functioning for locking and closing devices of movable protecting devices of Category 2 (see Table 1) is made by means of suitable measures. These can be, for example, analogy considerations concerning service-proven design solutions, computational demonstration of durability or tests. 4.7 Instructions for use

Suitable and clear instructions for use shall be applied near each locking device and shall be visible by the operator. The wagon shall bear inscriptions in one or more languages or pictograms showing the relevant information for safe operation. Specifications regarding the information and pictograms are defined in prEN 15877-1. 4.8 Environmental conditions The closing and locking devices shall fulfil as a minimum the environmental conditions applicable to the complete wagon. 4.9 Recycling The closing and locking devices shall be designed to maximise the use of recyclable materials. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 10 5 Maintenance/repair Wear, failures and other damage may influence the operational safety of railway vehicles. Depending on the wear behaviour, the utilization parameters and the current condition of the railway vehicles, a maintenance system shall be set up to ensure that the safe functional performance is always achieved. This shall be included in the vehicle maintenance documentation. The closing and locking systems shall be inspected at defined maintenance periods and remedial action taken if signs of damage or malfunction are found. Areas subject to wear shall be accessible for inspection and repair. Documentation shall be provided on the areas to be inspected and the intervals of inspection. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 11 Annex A (normative)

Strength requirements for wagon components and systems for payload protection A.1 General Annex A provides the requirements for the design of wagon components and systems for payload protection against environmental influences and exterior forces. The requirements shall be adopted only where they are appropriate to the intended application. The closing, rolling, guiding and locking devices shall withstand the forces transferred to them during the tests, detailed below. At the centre of the door a force of 8 kN applies over a 1 m × 1 m area. At each attachment point a force of 5 kN applies over 300 mm × 300 mm area. No permanent visible deformation or deterioration of the elements for closing, rolling, securing, guiding and locking should result from the application of these test loads. A.2 Strength of sliding walls a) Sliding walls which are less than 2,5 m long should meet the same load cases as sliding doors. b) Sliding walls from 2,5 m to 5 m long should have a 20 kN load applied at mid-wall over a 1 m × 1 m area.

Figure A.1 — Sliding walls from 2,5 m to 5 m long c) Sliding walls over 5 m < 7 m long should have a 15 kN load applied in each case at a distance of 1/4 of the sliding wall length from the end of the sliding wall and at a height of 1 m over a 1 m × 1 m area. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 12

Figure A.2 — Sliding walls over 5 m < 7 m long d) Sliding walls over 7 m long should have a 20 kN load applied in each case at a distance of 1/4 of the length of the sliding wall from the end of the sliding wall and at a height of 1 m over a 1 m × 1 m area.

Figure A.3 — Sliding walls over 7 m long Plus the application of a 10 kN load on the lower flange of a sliding wall between two attachment points immediately above floor level, over an area 200 mm high by 300 mm wide.

Figure A.4 — Additional test load for sliding walls No permanent visible deformation or deterioration of the elements for closing, rolling, securing, guiding and locking should result from the application of these test loads. A.3 Forces resulting from the passing of trains A.3.1 Individual strength requirements for sliding walls and their locking devices No permanent visible deformation or deterioration of the elements for closing, rolling and guiding the wall should result from the application of the loads. A permanent deformation, equal at most to half the distance between the inner face of an opened wall and the maximum projecting point of a closed wall, is permissible. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 13 Individual strength requirements for the outside attachment points of the sliding wall (front surface over an area 200 mm high and 300 mm wide): a) with two-axle wagons and with bogie wagons with more than two sliding walls per side; force = 11,5 kN; b) with bogie wagons with two sliding walls per side; force = 14 kN.

Figure A.5 — Test loads of elements for sliding walls and their locking devices The point of application should be immediately above the floor and, in the roof area, as close as possible to the upper attachment point. It is permissible for the upper load to be applied to the vertical section of the sliding wall. No permanent visible deformation or deterioration of the elements for closing, rolling, securing, guiding and locking should result from the application of these test loads. A.4 Moveable roofs Sliding roofs shall withstand a vertical force from the inside outwards of 4,5 kN per attachment point applied over a 300 mm × 300 mm square area. No deterioration or permanent deformation of the elements for closing, rolling and guiding the sliding roofs should result from this load.

The test conditions as defined in prEN 12663-2 for moveable roofs shall be applied. Following the test the locking device shall retain its function.

A.5 Strength of the side doors of high sided open wagons A horizontal force of 20 kN should be applied at a the height of the door locking bar or 1 m above the floor and on the centre-line of the opening. No permanent visible deformation or deterioration of the elements for closing, rolling, securing, guiding and locking should result from the application of these test loads. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 14 Annex B (informative)

Specification tables B.1 General In Annex B the maximum permissible actuating forces at closing and locking devices are defined for various cases of exerting forces. Annex B contains aids for selecting the cases of exerting forces listed in Table B.1. Table B.1 — Selection aid for the applied forces shown in Annex B Table B.2

Movement of lever parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using both hands Table B.3

Pulling and pressing in vertical level, using one hand Table B.4
Pulling and pressing in horizontal level, using one hand Table B.5
Pulling and pressing in horizontal level, using both hands Table B.6
Applied forces for lifting, carrying or holding loads Table B.7

Applied moments at cranks with horizontal rotation axis, parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using one hand

SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 15 B.2 Application case "Movement of lever parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using both hands" Maximum permissible applied forces at closing and locking devices for the following case of exerting force: Movement of lever parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using both hands.1)

Based on a standard person, right-hander, arm length = 700 mm, distance between the two hands < 400 mm. Since the measurement is taken using a tension spring, there are applied forces listed in the table instead of applied moments. Application example: Releasing a tarpaulin hood. Table B.2 — Movement of lever parallel to the level of symmetry of the human body, using both hands Direction of force Maximum static applied forces for occasional force application

c,d,e Force application b cheight
h1 Force applied in area A,
vertical lever ranging from
45° to 90° or - 45° to - 90° Force application b cheight
h 2 Force applied in area B,
vertical lever position ranging
from 45° to - 45° Non-safety related Safety related a

Non-safety related Safety related a Pressure, using both hands 1 850 mm 275 N 220 N 1 850 mm 375 N 290 N 1 680 mm 315 N 255 N 1 680 mm 375 N 290 N 1 400 mm 390 N 315 N 1 500 mm 280 N 220 N 1 200 mm 425 N 300 N 1 320 mm 250 N 195 N 1 000 mm 410 N 330 N 1 150 mm 190 N 145 N 800 mm 405 N 280 N 1 000 mm N.A. N.A.

1) All applied forces are based upon the details contained in DIN 33411-5:1999, Table 10 and Table 15. SIST EN 15723:2011

EN 15723:2010 (E) 16 Table B.2 (continued) Direction of force Maximum static applied forces for occasional force application

c,d,e Force application b cheight
h 1 Force applied in area A,
vertical lever ranging from
45° to 90° or - 45° to - 90° Force application b cheight
h 2 Force applied in area B,
vertical lever position ranging
from 45° to - 45° Non-safety related Safety related a

Non-safety related Safety related a Tension, using both hands 1 850 mm 230 N 180 N

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.