Stationary waste containers - Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics

This part of EN 12574 specifies geometrical, performance and test aspects regarding the mechanical devices or electro-mechanical devices fitted on a waste container for locking the lid/s and/or for restricting the quantity of waste loadable and/or for filling level measuring.

Stationäre Abfallsammelbehälter - Teil 4: Abfall-Mechatronik

Dieser Teil der Normenreihe EN 12574 legt die geometrischen, Leistungs- und Prüfungsaspekte der mechanischen Vorrichtungen oder der an einem Abfallsammelbehälter installierten elektro-mechanischen Vorrichtungen zur Verriegelung des Deckels und/oder zur Begrenzung der Einwurfmenge und/oder zur Überwachung des Füllstandes fest.

Conteneurs fixes à déchets - Partie 4 : Mécatronique pour déchets

La présente partie du prEN 12574:2016 spécifie les aspects géométriques, les performances et les aspects des essais concernant les dispositifs mécaniques ou électromécaniques équipant un conteneur à déchets pour le verrouillage du ou des couvercles et/ou une limitation de la quantité de déchets pouvant être introduite et/ou la mesure du niveau de remplissage.

Nepremični zabojniki za odpadke - 4. del: Mehatronika zabojnikov

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
4098 - Decision to abandon - Enquiry
Due Date
20-Jun-2016
Completion Date
09-Dec-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
01-september-2015
1HSUHPLþQL]DERMQLNL]DRGSDGNHGHO0HKDWURQLND]DERMQLNRY
Stationary waste containers - Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics
Stationäre Abfallsammelbehälter - Teil 4: Abfall-Mechatronik
Conteneurs fixes à déchets - Partie 4 : Mécatronique pour déchets
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 12574-4
ICS:
13.030.40 Naprave in oprema za Installations and equipment
odstranjevanje in obdelavo for waste disposal and
odpadkov treatment
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 12574-4
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2015
ICS 13.030.40
English Version
Stationary waste containers - Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics

Conteneurs fixes à déchets - Partie 4 : Mécatronique pour Stationäre Abfallsammelbehälter - Teil 4: Abfall-

dechets Mechatronik

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 183.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 12574-4:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
prEN 12574-4:2015 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................4

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................5

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................5

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................5

4 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................7

4.1 Classes of containers ............................................................................................................................7

4.2 General aspects .....................................................................................................................................7

4.3 User interface .........................................................................................................................................8

4.4 Access control .......................................................................................................................................9

4.5 Filling Level Measurement (FLM) ...................................................................................................... 11

4.6 Lid/s locking device (LLD) ................................................................................................................. 12

5 Safety and health requirements ........................................................................................................ 12

6 Testing for Waste-Mechatronics ....................................................................................................... 12

7 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 14

8 Designation ......................................................................................................................................... 14

9 Responsibility ..................................................................................................................................... 14

Annex A (informative) A-deviations ................................................................................................................ 15

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 16

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
prEN 12574-4:2015 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 12574-4:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 183 “Waste

management”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.

This European Standard is one part of the series of standards EN 12574 about "Stationary waste containers"

comprising the following parts:

— Part 1: Containers with a capacity up to 10 000 l with flat or dome lid(s), for trunnion, double trunnion or

pocket lifting device – Dimensions and design;
— Part 2: Performance requirements and test methods;
— Part 3: Safety and health requirements;
— Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
prEN 12574-4:2015 (E)
Introduction

Mechatronics for the collection of waste comprises intelligent devices that can be installed on a waste

collection container, the main purposes of which are summarized below.
Mechatronics of the waste containers has two main objectives:
a) pricing on service demand so-called "Pay as you throw";

As for the pricing on service demand, mechatronics provides two types of devices for access control:

1) systems for geometrical limitation of waste thrown;

The intelligent devices can be mechanical parts that restrict the transfer of waste by establishing a

maximum size. Depending on the type of waste, such as paper, glass, plastic, bio-waste, mixed

waste, the filling apertures could assume specific shapes.

2) identification and/or authorization of the users who throw their waste into the container;

The identification of users allows to manage permissions only to persons who are entitled to. The

identification can occur by means of a card, an electronic key or code or other systems that

characterize a user (i.e. person, family, company).
b) optimization of the service.

The Mechatronics includes devices that can detect and transmit information in order to optimize the

service of emptying of waste containers. For example, the automatic detection of the level of waste within

a container and the transmission of this information allows to optimize the timing and routes of emptying

the containers operating in a territory.

Mechatronics allows to achieve a fundamental objective: Mechatronics can help the purity of the materials

collected, as a very important target for separate collection of recyclable materials.

This European Standard defines:

— the characteristics of the “enabled containers” intended as containers designed or upgraded for installing

the Mechatronics devices that can be produced and certified in accordance with this European Standard;

— the mechanical and geometrical characteristics of mechatronics devices that may be installed on the

container.

This European Standard applies also in case that mechanical devices are fitted and operative without any

electric and/or electronic devices.

This European Standard identifies the different requirements, tests and responsibilities in case of:

— Container in accordance with prEN 12574-1, prEN 12574-2 and prEN 12574-3 (not prepared to receive

mechatronics devices);

— "Enabled Container" in accordance with prEN 12574-1, prEN 12574-2, prEN 12574-3 and prEN 12574-4

prepared for receiving mechatronic devices (where the mechatronics devices have not been fitted);

— Container in accordance with prEN 12574-1, prEN 12574-2, prEN 12574-3 and prEN 12574-4 equipped

with mechatronics devices (i.e. directly sold and certified by the container manufacturer);

— Installation of mechatronics devices on existing containers to be upgraded.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
prEN 12574-4:2015 (E)
1 Scope

This part of prEN 12574 specifies geometrical, performance and test aspects regarding the mechanical

devices or electro-mechanical devices fitted on a waste container for locking the lid/s and/or for restricting the

quantity of waste loadable and/or for filling level measuring.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

prEN 12574-1:2015, Stationary waste containers - Part 1: Dimensions and design

prEN 12574-2:2015, Stationary waste containers - Part 2: Performance requirements and test methods

prEN 12574-3:2015, Stationary waste containers - Part 3: Safety and health requirements

EN 14803:2006, Identification and/or determination of the quantity of waste

EN 1501-2, Refuse collection vehicles and their associated lifting devices - General requirements and safety

requirements - Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in prEN 12574-1:2015, EN 14803:2006

and the following apply.
3.1
Waste-Mechatronics

combination of mechanical engineering and electronic engineering applied to waste collection including

mechanical and electronic devices fitted on a waste container for locking the lid/s and/or for restricting the

quantity of waste loadable and/or for filling level measuring
3.2
Waste-Mechatronics Device
WMD

mechanical and/or electronic device fitted on a waste container for one or more targets as defined in

prEN 12574-4:2015, 3.1
3.3
Waste Access Restriction
WAR

waste access device with a specific volume for restricting the quantity of waste loadable, with a tri-dimensional

room, typically a cap consisting of one or two rotating drums or a rotating flap with a box with a specific room

available
3.4
Waste Access Limitation
WAL

waste access device with a specific bi-dimensional shape for limiting the dimension of the waste loadable,

including a flap in the lid, typically one or more filling apertures with specific shapes for limiting the dimension

of the waste loadable or a rotating flap or a grill with various filling apertures

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
prEN 12574-4:2015 (E)
3.5
Filling Level Measuring
FLM

device for the determination of the quantity of waste inside a receptacle with a certain known volume, by

measuring the filling level of that receptacle
3.6
Lid/s Locking Device
LLD

system for locking the lid or the lids with manual or automatic unlocking device, to avoid illegal dumping of

waste
3.7
Identification

process which consists in accurately recognising and verifying a waste container by reading a data carrier

3.8
Determination of the Quantity of Waste
DQW

determination of the waste volume stored within the receptacle and/or weighing of the waste mass and/or

counting of emptying operations
3.9
data carrier

device carrying data which can be recognised by an electro-magnetic, optical or other reading device

3.10
Interface (IF)
boundary linking two systems

Note 1 to entry: The interface could be a mechanical interface, a data interface, an electrical interface, etc.

3.11
user interface

specific area onto the container in which a person can identify and/or interact with a waste container by means

of a mechanical or an electro-mechanical device
3.12
enable waste container

container for waste collection prepared for accepting mechatronics devices in accordance with

prEN 12574-1:2015 to prEN 12574-4:2015
3.13
upgraded waste container

container for waste collection developed and strengthened in order to be suitable for the installation of

mechatronic devices
3.14
equipped waste container
container for waste collection with mechatronic devices fitted on
3.15
resistant area

specific area on the container, both in the body and in the lid, which may be cut or drilled for the mounting of a

mechatronics device, without influencing the mechanical strength of the container

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2015
prEN 12574-4:2015 (E)
4 Requirements
4.1 Classes of containers

This European Standard defines dimensions and design rules concerning the following classes of containers:

— Class A: Container in accordance with prEN 12574-1:2015 to prEN 12574-3:2015 (not prepared to

receive mechatronics devices);

— Class B: Enabled container in accordance with prEN 12574-1:2015 to prEN 12574-4:2015 prepared for

receiving mechatronic devices (where the mechatronics devices have not been fitted);

— Class C: Upgraded container (it was previously a Class A, new or used), developed and strengthened in

order to be suitable for the installation of mechatronic devices;
— Class D: Equipped container in accordance with prEN 12574-1:2015 to
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
01-november-2016
1HSUHPLþQL]DERMQLNL]DRGSDGNHGHO0HKDWURQLND]DERMQLNRY
Stationary waste containers - Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics
Stationäre Abfallsammelbehälter - Teil 4: Abfall-Mechatronik
Conteneurs fixes à déchets - Partie 4 : Mécatronique pour déchets
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 12574-4
ICS:
13.030.40 Naprave in oprema za Installations and equipment
odstranjevanje in obdelavo for waste disposal and
odpadkov treatment
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 12574-4
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2016
ICS 13.030.40
English Version
Stationary waste containers - Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics

Conteneurs fixes à déchets - Partie 4 : Mécatronique Stationäre Abfallsammelbehälter - Teil 4: Abfall-

pour déchets Mechatronik

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for second enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical

Committee CEN/TC 183.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 12574-4:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.1 Classes of containers ...................................................................................................................................... 8

4.2 General aspects ................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.2.2 General aspects regarding mechatronic devices ................................................................................. 8

4.2.3 General aspects regarding Class B containers ...................................................................................... 9

4.2.4 General aspects regarding Class C containers ...................................................................................... 9

4.2.5 General aspects regarding Class D containers ...................................................................................... 9

4.3 User interface ................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.4 Access control ................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.5 Filling Level Measurement (FLM)........................................................................................................... 13

4.6 Lid/s locking device (LLD) ........................................................................................................................ 15

5 Safety and health requirements ............................................................................................................. 15

6 Testing for Waste-Mechatronics ............................................................................................................. 15

7 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

8 Designation..................................................................................................................................................... 17

9 Responsibility ................................................................................................................................................ 18

Annex A (informative) A–deviations .................................................................................................................. 19

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (prEN 12574-4:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 183 “Waste

management”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the second CEN Enquiry.

This European Standard is one part of the series of standards EN 12574 about “Stationary waste

containers” comprising the following parts:

— Part 1: Containers with a capacity up to 10 000 l with flat or dome lid(s), for trunnion, double

trunnion or pocket lifting device – Dimensions and design;
— Part 2: Performance requirements and test methods;
— Part 3: Safety and health requirements;
— Part 4: Waste-Mechatronics.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
Introduction

Mechatronics for the collection of waste comprises intelligent devices that can be installed on a waste

collection container, the main purposes of which are summarized below.
Mechatronics of the waste containers has two main objectives:
a) pricing on service demand so-called “Pay as you throw”;

As for the pricing on service demand, mechatronics provides two types of devices for access

control:
1) systems for geometrical limitation of waste thrown;

The intelligent devices can be mechanical parts that restrict the transfer of waste by establishing a

maximum size. Depending on the type of waste, such as paper, glass, plastic, bio-waste, mixed

waste, the filling apertures could assume specific shapes.

2) identification and/or authorization of the users who throw their waste into the container;

The identification of users allows to manage permissions only to persons who are entitled to. The

identification can occur by means of a card, an electronic key or code or other systems that

characterize a user (i.e. person, family, company).
b) optimization of the service.

The Mechatronics includes devices that can detect certain characteristics of the waste disposal

(detection, restriction, location, parameters reading, etc.) and transmit (or not) information in order to

optimize the service of emptying of waste containers, the purity of the materials collected and container

location. For example, the automatic detection of the level of waste within a container and the

transmission of this information allows to optimize the timing and routes of emptying the containers

operating in a territory.

Other intelligent device can be added such as fire sensors for detecting and transmitting information

about internal temperature changes, temperature control, localization, or any other data measurement

than can be made. The mechatronics can be applied to one or to a combination of these aspects.

Mechatronics allows to achieve a fundamental objective: Mechatronics can help the purity of the

materials collected, as a very important target for separate collection of recyclable materials.

This European Standard defines:

— the characteristics of the “enabled containers” intended as containers designed or upgraded for

installing the Mechatronics devices that can be produced and certified in accordance with this

European Standard;

— the mechanical and geometrical characteristics of mechatronics devices that may be installed on

the container.

This European Standard applies also in case that mechanical devices are fitted and operative without

any electric and/or electronic devices.

This European Standard identifies the different requirements, tests and responsibilities in case of:

— Container in accordance with FprEN 12574-1:2016, FprEN 12574-2:2016 and
FprEN 12574-3:2016 (not prepared to receive mechatronics devices);
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
— “Enabled Container” in accordance with FprEN 12574-1:2016, FprEN 12574-2:2016,

FprEN 12574-3:2016 and prEN 12574-4:2016 prepared for receiving mechatronic devices (where

the mechatronics devices have not been fitted);

— Container in accordance with FprEN 12574-1:2016, FprEN 12574-2:2016, FprEN 12574-3:2016

and prEN 12574-4:2016 equipped with mechatronics devices (i.e. directly sold and certified by the

container manufacturer);
— Installation of mechatronics devices on existing containers to be upgraded.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
1 Scope

This part of EN 12574 specifies geometrical, performance and test aspects regarding the mechanical

devices or electro-mechanical devices fitted on a waste container for locking the lid/s and/or for

restricting the quantity of waste loadable and/or for filling level measuring.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

FprEN 12574-1:2016, Stationary waste containers - Part 1: Dimensions and design

FprEN 12574-2:2016, Stationary waste containers - Part 2: Performance requirements and test methods

FprEN 12574-3:2016, Stationary waste containers - Part 3: Safety and health requirements

EN 14803:2006, Identification and/or determination of the quantity of waste

EN 1501-2, Refuse collection vehicles and their associated lifting devices - General requirements and safety

requirements - Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in FprEN 12574-1:2016,

EN 14803:2006 and the following apply.
3.1
waste-mechatronics

combination of mechanical engineering and electronic engineering applied to waste collection including

mechanical and electronic devices fitted on a waste container for locking the lid/s and/or for restricting

the quantity of waste loadable and/or for filling level measuring, temperature control, localization or

any other data measurement than can be made
3.2
waste-mechatronics device
WMD

mechanical and/or electronic device fitted on a waste container for one or more targets as defined in

3.1
3.3
waste access restriction
WAR

waste access device with a specific volume for restricting the quantity of waste loadable, with a tri-

dimensional room, typically a cap consisting of one or two rotating drums or a rotating flap with a box

with a specific room available
3.4
waste access limitation
WAL

waste access device with a specific bi-dimensional shape for limiting the dimension of the waste

loadable, including a flap in the lid, typically one or more filling apertures with specific shapes for

limiting the dimension of the waste loadable or a rotating flap or a grill with various filling apertures

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
3.5
filling level measuring
FLM

device for the determination of the quantity of waste inside a receptacle with a certain known volume,

by measuring the filling level of that receptacle
3.6
lid/s locking device
LLD

system for locking the lid or the lids with manual or automatic unlocking device, to avoid illegal

dumping of waste
3.7
identification

process which consists in accurately recognising and verifying a waste container by reading a data

carrier
3.8
determination of the quantity of waste
DQW

determination of the waste volume stored within the receptacle and/or weighing of the waste mass

and/or counting of emptying operations
3.9
data carrier

device carrying data which can be recognised by an electro-magnetic, optical or other reading device

3.10
interface
boundary linking two systems

Note 1 to entry: The interface could be a mechanical interface, a data interface, an electrical interface, etc.

3.11
user interface

specific area onto the container in which a person can identify and/or interact with a waste container

by means of a mechanical or an electro-mechanical device
3.12
enabled waste container

container for waste collection prepared for accepting mechatronics devices in accordance with

FprEN 12574-1:2016 to prEN 12574-4:2016
3.13
upgraded waste container

container for waste collection developed and strengthened in order to be suitable for the installation of

mechatronic devices
3.14
equipped waste container
container for waste collection with mechatronic devices fitted on
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 12574-4:2016
prEN 12574-4:2016 (E)
3.15
resistant area

specific area on the container, both in the body and in the lid, which may be cut or drilled for the

mounting of a mechatronics device, without influencing the mechanical strength of the containe

...

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