Steel wire rope slings - Safety - Part 1: Slings for general lifting service

This European Standard specifies the construction requirements, calculation of WLL, verification, certification and marking of steel wire rope slings for general lifting service. It covers single-, two-, three- and four-leg slings, with ferrule-secured or spliced eye terminations and spliced or ferrule-secured endless slings made from 8 mm to 60 mm diameter 6 strand ordinary lay steel wire rope with fibre or steel core and 8 strand ordinary lay steel wire rope with a steel core conforming to EN 12385-4.
The standard assumes a working coefficient (factor of safety) of five.
This standard does not cover slings for single use, i.e. one trip slings, having a working coefficient lower than 5.
This standard does not cover matched sets of slings with spliced eyes.
This document is not applicable to slings which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
The hazards covered by this Part of EN 13414 are identified in clause 4.
These wire rope slings are intended for lifting objects, materials or goods.
Guidance on the information which should be provided with an enquiry or order is given in annex A.
NOTE   Information for use and maintenance, including operating temperature ranges, is given in Part 2 of this standard.

Anschlagseile aus Stahldrahtseilen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Anschlagseile für allgemeine Hebezwecke

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen an den Aufbau, die Berechnung der Tragfähigkeit, die Nachweise, die Zertifizierung und die Kennzeichnung von Anschlagseilen aus Drahtseilen für allgemeine     Hebezwecke fest. Sie gilt für ein-, zwei-, drei- und viersträngige Anschlagseile mit verpressten oder
gespleißten Seilschlaufen sowie für endlos gespleißte und endlos verpresste Anschlagseile, die aus 6-litzigen Kreuzschlagseilen mit Fasereinlage oder Stahleinlage und 8-litzigen Stahldrahtseilen mit Stahleinlage mit Durchmessern von 8 mm bis 60 mm nach EN 12385-4 hergestellt werden.
In dieser Norm wird ein Belastungsfaktor (Sicherheitsfaktor) von 5 zu Grunde gelegt.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Anschlagseile für einmalige Verwendung, die einen Nutzungskoeffizient kleiner als 5 haben."
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Sätze von gespleißten Anschlagseilen mit abgestimmten Längen.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht für Anschlagseile anwendbar, die vor dem Veröffentlichungsdatum dieses           Dokumentes durch CEN hergestellt wurden.
Gefährdungen, die durch diesen Teil von EN 13414 erfasst werden, sind in Abschnitt 4 angegeben.
Diese Anschlagseile sind zum Heben von Gegenständen oder Massengütern vorgesehen.
Hinweise auf Informationen, die bei Anfrage und Bestellung zur Verfügung gestellt werden sollten, sind in Anhang A angegeben.
ANMERKUNG   Informationen über Gebrauch und Instandhaltung, einschließlich der Einsatztemperaturen, sind in Teil 2 dieser Norm angegeben.

Elingues en câbles d’acier – Sécurité – Partie 1: Elingues pour applications générales de levage

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de fabrication, la méthode de calcul de la charge maximale
d’utilisation (CMU), la vérification, la certification et le marquage des élingues en câbles d’acier pour applications
générales de levage. Elle couvre les élingues à un, deux, trois et quatre brins avec terminaisons manchonnées
ou épissées et les élingues sans fin avec terminaisons manchonnées ou épissées réalisées soit en câbles d’acier
de 6 torons, de diamètres 8 mm à 60 mm, câblés normalement, avec âme métallique ou textile, soit en câbles d’acier
de 8 torons câblés normalement avec âme métallique conformes à l’EN 12385-4.
La présente norme suppose un coefficient de travail (coefficient de sécurité) de cinq.
!La présente norme ne couvre pas les élingues à usage unique, c’est-à-dire les élingues jetables, ayant un
coefficient d’utilisation inférieur à 5."
La présente norme ne couvre pas les lots appariés des élingues à boucles épissées.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux élingues fabriquées avant la date de publication de ce document par
le CEN.
Les phénomènes dangereux traités par la présente partie de l’EN 13414 sont décrits à l’article 4.
Ces élingues en câbles d’acier sont destinées au levage d’objets, de matériaux ou de marchandises.
L'Annexe A donne les lignes directrices sur les renseignements à fournir lors d'une demande de prix ou
d'une commande.
NOTE La partie 2 de la présente norme donne des indications sur l’utilisation et la maintenance, y compris sur les plages
de température de fonctionnement.

Jeklene vrvne obese - Varnost - 1. del: Obese za splošne dvigalne potrebe

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Oct-2008
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2018
Completion Date
03-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Jeklene vrvne obese - Varnost - 1. del: Obese za splošne dvigalne potrebeAnschlagseile aus Stahldrahtseilen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Anschlagseile für allgemeine HebezweckeElingues en câbles d’acier – Sécurité – Partie 1: Elingues pour applications générales de levageSteel wire rope slings - Safety - Part 1: Slings for general lifting service53.020.30Pribor za dvigalno opremoAccessories for lifting equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009en,fr,de01-januar-2009SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13414-1:2003+A2
October 2008 ICS 53.020.30 Supersedes EN 13414-1:2003English Version
Steel wire rope slings - Safety - Part 1: Slings for general lifting service

Elingues en câbles d'acier - Sécurité - Partie 1: Elingues pour applications générales de levage

Anschlagseile aus Stahldrahtseilen - Sicherheit - Teil 1: Anschlagseile für allgemeine Hebezwecke This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 June 2003 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 29 April 2005 and Amendment 2 approved by CEN on 18 September 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels © 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008: ESIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009

EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3 Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................4 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................5 4 Hazards...................................................................................................................................................6 Table 1 — Hazards and associated requirements...........................................................................................6 5 Safety requirements and/or measures................................................................................................6 5.1 General....................................................................................................................................................6 5.2 Single-leg sling......................................................................................................................................7 Table 2 — Examples of single-leg slings and terminal fittings......................................................................9 5.3 Ferrule-secured and spliced endless slings.....................................................................................10 5.4 Multi-leg sling.......................................................................................................................................11 Figure 1 — Multi-leg slings..............................................................................................................................13 Table 3 — !!!!Working load limits for slings using fibre cored rope of classes 6x19 and 6x36 in grade 1770 and having ferrule-secured eye terminations""""..........................................................14 Table 4 — !!!!Working load limits for slings using steel cored rope of classes 6x19, 6x36 and 8x36 in grade 1770 and having ferrule-secured eye terminations""""............................................15 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures...............................................................16 6.1 Components of the wire rope sling....................................................................................................16 6.2 Rope construction...............................................................................................................................16 6.3 Length of the sling...............................................................................................................................16 6.4 WLL of terminal fittings.......................................................................................................................16 6.5 Formation of a multi-leg sling............................................................................................................16 7 Information for use..............................................................................................................................16 7.1 Marking.................................................................................................................................................16 7.2 Certification..........................................................................................................................................17 Annex A (informative)

Information which should be supplied with an enquiry or order...........................18 Annex B (informative)

Rating of multi-leg slings for general service..........................................................19 Annex ZA (informative)

####Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC$$$$.......................................................................................20 Annex ZB (informative)

####Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC$$$$...................................................................................21 Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................22

SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009

EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN /TC 168, "Chains, ropes, webbing, slings and accessories - Safety", the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2009. This document supersedes EN 13414-1:2003. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2005-04-29 and Amendment 2, approved by CEN on 2008-09-18. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags

!" and # $. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). #For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document.$ The other Parts of this European Standard are: Part 2: Specification for information for use and maintenance to be provided by the manufacturer Part 3: Grommets and cable-laid slings Annexes A and B are informative. This document includes a Bibliography. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009

EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008 (E) 4 Introduction This European Standard has been prepared to be a harmonized standard providing a means of complying with the essential safety requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA regulations. This European Standard is a type C standard as specified in EN 292. While producing this standard it was assumed that negotiation occurs between the manufacturer and the user to decide whether sling eyes are to be spliced or ferrule-secured and whether a thimble is to be fitted.

For endless slings it was assumed that negotiation occurs to decide whether the interlapping rope ends are to be spliced or ferrule-secured.

Purchasers are advised to specify in their purchasing contract that the supplier operates a certified quality assurance system applicable to this standard (e.g. EN ISO 9001) to ensure that products claimed to comply consistently achieve the required level of quality. 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the construction requirements, calculation of WLL, verification, certification and marking of steel wire rope slings for general lifting service. It covers single-, two-, three- and four-leg slings, with ferrule-secured or spliced eye terminations and spliced or ferrule-secured endless slings made from 8 mm to 60 mm diameter 6 strand ordinary lay steel wire rope with fibre or steel core and 8 strand ordinary lay steel wire rope with a steel core conforming to EN 12385-4.

The standard assumes a working coefficient (factor of safety) of five. !This standard does not cover slings for single use, i.e. one trip slings, having a working coefficient lower than 5." This standard does not cover matched sets of slings with spliced eyes. This document is not applicable to slings which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN. The hazards covered by this Part of EN 13414 are identified in clause 4. These wire rope slings are intended for lifting objects, materials or goods. Guidance on the information which should be provided with an enquiry or order is given in annex A. NOTE Information for use and maintenance, including operating temperature ranges, is given in Part 2 of this standard. SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009

EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008 (E) 5

2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments). EN 292-2:1991/A1:1995, Safety of machinery – Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 2: Technical principles and specifications. EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery – Principles for risk assessment. EN 1677-1, Components for slings – Safety – Part 1: Forged steel components – Grade 8. EN 1677-2, Components for slings – Safety – Part 2: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch – Grade 8. EN 1677-3, Components for slings – Safety – Part 3: Forged steel self-locking hooks – Grade 8. EN 1677-4, Components for slings – Safety – Part 4: Links – Grade 8. EN 1677-5, Components for slings – Safety – Part 5: Forged steel lifting hooks with latch – Grade 4. EN 1677-6, Components for slings – Safety – Part 6: Links - Grade 4. EN 12385-1, Steel wire ropes – Safety – Part 1: General requirements.

EN 12385-2:2002, Steel wire ropes – Safety – Part 2: Definitions, designation and classification. EN 13411-1, Terminations for steel wire ropes – Safety – Part 1: Thimbles for steel wire rope slings. EN 13411-2, Terminations for steel wire ropes – Safety – Part 2:

Splicing of eyes for wire rope slings. !EN 13411-3", Terminations for steel wire ropes – Safety – Part 3: Ferrules and ferrule-securing. EN 13889, Forged steel shackles for general lifting purposes – Dee shackles and bow shackles – Grade 6 – Safety. 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this European Standard the terms and definitions given in EN 12385-2:2002 and the following apply. 3.1 steel wire rope sling for general lifting service assembly of components which includes one or more single part legs or an endless sling which is intended for a variety of lifting operations and not designed for one specific lifting application 3.2 terminal fittings link, link assembly, hook or other device permanently fitted at the upper or lower end of a sling and intended to connect the sling to the load or the lifting machine SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009

EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008 (E) 6

3.2.1 master link link forming the upper terminal of a sling by means of which the sling is attached to the hook of a crane or other lifting machine (see Figure 1) 3.2.2 intermediate master link link used to connect one or two legs of a sling to a master link (see Figure 1) NOTE Intermediate links can be assembled with a master link to form a permanent master link assembly.

3.3 working load limit (WLL) of a sling maximum mass which a sling is authorised to sustain in general service 3.4 competent person

designated person, suitably trained, qualified by knowledge and practical experience, and with the necessary instructions to enable the required tests and examination to be carried out 4 Hazards Accidental release of a load, or release of a load due to failure of a wire rope sling puts at risk, either directly or indirectly, the safety or health of those persons within the danger zone. Table 1 contains those hazards that require action to reduce risk identified by risk assessment as being specific and significant for wire rope slings. Table 1 — Hazards and associated requirements Hazards identified in annex A of EN 1050: 1996 Relevant clause of annex A of EN 292-2: 1991/A1: 1995 Relevant clause/subclause of this Part of prEN 13414 1 Mechanical hazard due to inadequacy of strength 4.1.2.3 4.1.2.4 4.1.2.5 5 5 5

4.3.2 5 7 10.4 Errors of fitting hazard 1.5.4 5

5 Safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General 5.1.1 Grade of rope !The rope grade shall be either 1770 or 1960." SIST EN 13414-1:2004+A2:2009

EN 13414-1:2003+A2:2008 (E) 7 5.1.2 Formation of eyes 5.1.2.1 Ferrule-secured eye slings Ferrule secured eyes shall conform to prEN 13411-3. The minimum length of plain rope between the inside ends of ferrules terminating a sling leg shall be 20 times the nominal rope diameter. 5.1.2.2 Spliced eye slings Spliced eyes shall conform to EN 13411-2. The minimum length of plain rope between the tails of splices shall be at least 15 times the nominal rope diameter. 5.1.2.3 Hard eyes Hard eyes shall be fitted with thimbles conforming to EN 13411-1 and assembled in accordance with the FSET designer's instructions. 5.1.2.4 Soft eyes The peripheral length of a soft eye shall be at least four rope lay lengths.

NOTE A stirrup can be fitted to protect the bearing surface of the soft eye. 5.1.2.5 Terminal fittings The working load limit of any master link shall be at least equal to that of the sling. The working load limit of any intermediate link fitted to a three-leg or four-leg sling shall be at least equal to 1,6 times the WLL of one of the legs suspended from it. The working load limit of the lower terminal fitting(s) shall be at least equal to that of the leg(s) to which it is/they are fitted. Where forged steel lifting hooks with latch – grade 8, forged steel self-locking hooks – grade 8, links – grade 8, forged steel lifting hooks with latch – grade 4, links – grade 4 are used, they shall conform to EN 1677 parts 2 to 6 respectively. Where shackles are used they shall conform to EN 13889. 5.1.3 Selection, use, inspection and discard This standard shall be used in conjunction with Part 2 Information for use and maintenance to be provided by the manufacturer. 5.2 Single-leg sling 5.2.1 Types Single-leg slings shall be one of the types shown in Table 2, with or without terminal fittings such as links or hooks. Where a terminal fitting is used, the eye termin

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