Organization and digitization of information about buildings and civil engineering works, including building information modelling (BIM) - Information management using building information modelling - Part 1: Concepts and principles (ISO 19650-1:2018)

This document outlines the concepts and principles for information management at a stage of maturity described as "building information modelling (BIM) according to the ISO 19650 series".
This document provides recommendations for a framework to manage information including exchanging, recording, versioning and organizing for all actors.
This document is applicable to the whole life cycle of any built asset, including strategic planning, initial design, engineering, development, documentation and construction, day-to-day operation, maintenance, refurbishment, repair and end-of-life.
This document can be adapted to assets or projects of any scale and complexity, so as not to hamper the flexibility and versatility that characterize the large range of potential procurement strategies and so as to address the cost of implementing this document.

Organisation und Digitalisierung von Informationen zu Bauwerken und Ingenieurleistungen, einschließlich Bauwerksinformationsmodellierung (BIM) - Informationsmanagement mit BIM - Teil 1: Begriffe und Grundsätze (ISO 19650-1:2018)

Dieses Dokument beschreibt die Begriffe und Grundsätze für das Informationsmanagement in einem Reifegrad, der als „Bauwerksinformationsmodellierung (BIM) nach der Normenreihe ISO 19650“ bezeichnet wird.
Dieses Dokument enthält Empfehlungen für eine Vorgabe zur Verwaltung von Informationen, einschließlich Austausch, Aufzeichnung, Versionierung und Organisation für alle Akteure.
Dieses Dokument gilt für den gesamten Lebenszyklus aller baulichen Assets, einschließlich strategischer Planung, erster Planungsschritte, Ingenieurleistungen, Entwicklung, Dokumentation und Konstruktion, täglichem Betrieb, Wartung, Sanierung, Reparatur und Rückbau.
Dieses Dokument kann auf Assets und Projekte jeden Umfangs und jeder Komplexität angepasst werden, um die Flexibilität und Vielseitigkeit, die die große Bandbreite der möglichen Beschaffungsstrategien kennzeichnen, nicht zu beeinträchtigen und um die Kosten für die Umsetzung dieses Dokuments zu berücksichtigen.

Organisation et numérisation des informations relatives aux bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil, y compris modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) - Gestion de l'information par la modélisation des informations de la construction - Partie 1: Concepts et principes (ISO 19650-1:2018)

Le présent document expose les concepts et principes de gestion de l'information à un stade de maturité décrit comme la «modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) selon la série ISO 19650».
Ce document fournit des recommandations pour définir un cadre de gestion de l'information incluant l'échange, l'enregistrement, le contrôle de version et l'organisation, à destination de tous les acteurs.
Il s'applique à la totalité du cycle de vie de tout actif bâti, y compris la planification stratégique, la conception initiale, l'ingénierie, le développement, la documentation et la construction, l'exploitation quotidienne, la maintenance, la réhabilitation, la réparation et la fin de vie.
Le présent document peut être adapté aux actifs ou aux projets d'échelle et de complexité diverses, afin de ne pas entraver la flexibilité et la versatilité qui caractérisent la large plage de types de marché potentiels et afin de répondre au coût de mise en œuvre du présent document.

Organizacija in digitalizacija informacij v gradbeništvu - Upravljanje informacij z BIM - 1. del: Pojmi in načela (ISO 19650-1:2018)

Ta dokument je prvi del mednarodnega standarda za upravljanje informacij z BIM – ISO 19650. Določa pojme in načela za uspešno upravljanje informacij na ravni zrelosti, opisano kot »BIM v skladu s standardom ISO 19650«. Ta standard se uporablja za celoten življenjski cikel zgrajenega sredstva, vključno z začetnim projektiranjem in gradnjo, vsakodnevnim delovanjem, vzdrževanjem, obnovo, popravilom in koncem življenjskega cikla. Pojmi in načela, ki jih vsebuje ta del standarda, so namenjeni vsem vpletenim v življenjski cikel sredstva. To med drugim vključuje lastnika, upravljavca, vodjo sredstev, skupino za projektiranje, dobavno verigo pri gradnji, proizvajalce opreme, strokovnjake za sisteme, oblikovalce politik in regulatorje. Pojmi, načela in zahteve iz vseh delov tega standarda so lahko bolj podrobno pojasnjeni v nacionalnem predgovoru, ki ga pripravi vsak nacionalni organ za standarde. Ta mednarodni standard naj se razvija vzporedno s CEN.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Dec-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
19-Dec-2018
Completion Date
19-Dec-2018

Buy Standard

Standard
EN ISO 19650-1:2019 - BARVE na PDF-str 21,22,23,27,29,30,31,32,39,42,43,45,46
English language
44 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
01-marec-2019

2UJDQL]DFLMDLQGLJLWDOL]DFLMDLQIRUPDFLMYJUDGEHQLãWYX8SUDYOMDQMHLQIRUPDFLM]

%,0GHO3RMPLLQQDþHOD ,62

2UJDQL]DWLRQDQGGLJLWL]DWLRQRILQIRUPDWLRQDERXWEXLOGLQJVDQGFLYLOHQJLQHHULQJZRUNV

LQFOXGLQJEXLOGLQJLQIRUPDWLRQPRGHOOLQJ %,0 ,QIRUPDWLRQPDQDJHPHQW

XVLQJEXLOGLQJLQIRUPDWLRQPRGHOOLQJ3DUW&RQFHSWVDQGSULQFLSOHV ,62


Organisation von Daten zu Bauwerken - Informationsmanagement mit BIM - Teil 1:
Konzepte und Grundsätze (ISO 19650-1:2018)

Organisation et numérisation des informations relatives aux bâtiments et ouvrages de

génie civil, y compris modélisation des informations de la construction (BIM) - Gestion de

l'information par la modélisation des informations de la construction - Partie 1: Concepts

et principes (ISO 19650-1:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19650-1:2018
ICS:
35.240.67 Uporabniške rešitve IT v IT applications in building
gradbeništvu and construction industry
91.010.01 Gradbeništvo na splošno Construction industry in
general
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
EN ISO 19650-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.67; 91.010.01
English Version
Organization and digitization of information about
buildings and civil engineering works, including building
information modelling (BIM) - nformation management
using building information modelling - 1Part 1: Concepts
and principles (ISO 19650-1:2018)

Organisation et numérisation des informations Organisation von Daten zu Bauwerken -

relatives aux bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil, y Informationsmanagement mit BIM - Teil 1: Konzepte

compris modélisation des informations de la und Grundsätze (ISO 19650-1:2018)
construction (BIM) - 1Gestion de l'information par la
modélisation des informations de la construction -
Partie 1: Concepts et principes (ISO 19650-1:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 August 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19650-1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
EN ISO 19650-1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
EN ISO 19650-1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19650-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59

"Buildings and civil engineering works" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 442

“Building Information Modelling (BIM)” the secretariat of which is held by SN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19650-1:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19650-1:2018 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19650-1
First edition
2018-12
Organization and digitization of
information about buildings and civil
engineering works, including building
information modelling (BIM) —
Information management using
building information modelling —
Part 1:
Concepts and principles
Organisation et numérisation des informations relatives aux
bâtiments et ouvrages de génie civil, y compris modélisation des
informations de la construction (BIM) — Gestion de l'information par
la modélisation des informations de la construction —
Partie 1: Concepts et principes
Reference number
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
ISO 2018
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1 General terms ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.2 Terms related to assets and projects ................................................................................................................................... 2

3.3 Terms related to information management ................................................................................................................... 3

4 Asset and project information, perspectives and collaborative working .................................................6

4.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Information management according to the ISO 19650 series ....................................................................... 6

4.3 Information management perspectives ............................................................................................................................ 7

5 Definition of information requirements and resulting information models ........................................8

5.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Organizational information requirements (OIR) ...................................................................................................10

5.3 Asset information requirements (AIR) ...........................................................................................................................10

5.4 Project information requirements (PIR) .......................................................................................................................10

5.5 Exchange information requirements (EIR) .................................................................................................................10

5.6 Asset information model (AIM) .............................................................................................................................................11

5.7 Project information model (PIM) .........................................................................................................................................11

6 The information delivery cycle ...........................................................................................................................................................11

6.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.2 Alignment with the asset life cycle .....................................................................................................................................11

6.3 Setting information requirements and planning for information delivery .....................................13

6.3.1 General principles ........................................................................................................................................................13

6.3.2 Delivery team provides information for asset owner/operator or client

decisions ..............................................................................................................................................................................15

6.3.3 Information verification and validation at start and end of project stages................15

6.3.4 Information is drawn from the whole delivery team ....................................................................16

6.3.5 Summary of information delivery from project and asset delivery teams .................17

7 Project and asset information management functions .............................................................................................18

7.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................18

7.2 Asset information management functions ...................................................................................................................19

7.3 Project information management functions ..............................................................................................................19

7.4 Task information management functions .....................................................................................................................19

8 Delivery team capability and capacity ........................................................................................................................................20

8.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................20

8.2 Extent of capability and capacity review .......................................................................................................................20

9 Information container-based collaborative working ..................................................................................................20

10 Information delivery planning............................................................................................................................................................21

10.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................21

10.2 Timing of information delivery ..............................................................................................................................................21

10.3 Responsibility matrix .....................................................................................................................................................................22

10.4 Defining the federation strategy and breakdown structure for information containers.....22

11 Managing the collaborative production of information ...........................................................................................23

11.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................23

11.2 Level of information need...........................................................................................................................................................23

11.3 Information quality ..........................................................................................................................................................................23

12 Common data environment (CDE) solution and workflow ...................................................................................24

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)

12.1 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................24

12.2 The work in progress state ........................................................................................................................................................25

12.3 The check/review/approve transition ............................................................................................................................25

12.4 The shared state ..................................................................................................................................................................................25

12.5 The review/authorize transition ..........................................................................................................................................26

12.6 The published state ..........................................................................................................................................................................26

12.7 The archive state ................................................................................................................................................................................26

13 Summary of “building information modelling (BIM) according to the ISO 19650 series” ...26

Annex A (informative) Illustrations of federation strategies and information container

breakdown structures .................................................................................................................................................................................30

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................34

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 59, Buildings and civil engineering works,

SC 13, Organization and digitization of information about buildings and civil engineering works, including

building information modelling (BIM).
A list of all parts in the ISO 19650 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
Introduction

This document sets out the recommended concepts and principles for business processes across the

built environment sector in support of the management and production of information during the

life cycle of built assets (referred to as “information management”) when using building information

modelling (BIM). These processes can deliver beneficial business outcomes to asset owners/operators,

clients, their supply chains and those involved in project funding including increase of opportunity,

reduction of risk and reduction of cost through the production and use of asset and project information

models. In this document, the verbal form “should” is used to indicate a recommendation.

This document is primarily intended for use by:

— those involved in the procurement, design, construction and/or commissioning of built assets; and

— those involved in delivering asset management activities, including operations and maintenance.

This document is applicable to built assets and construction projects of all sizes and all levels of

complexity. This includes large estates, infrastructure networks, individual buildings and pieces

of infrastructure and the projects or sets of projects that deliver them. However, the concepts and

principles included in this document should be applied in a way that is proportionate and appropriate to

the scale and complexity of the asset or project. This is particularly the case where small and medium-

sized enterprises are mainly appointed for asset management or project delivery. It is also important

that procurement and mobilization of asset or project appointed parties should be integrated as far as

possible with existing processes for technical procurement and mobilization.

The concepts and principles contained in this document are aimed at all those involved in the asset life

cycle. This includes, but is not limited to, the asset owner/operator, the client, the asset manager, the

design team, the construction team, an equipment manufacturer, a technical specialist, a regulatory

authority, an investor, an insurer and an end-user.

The specific requirements for information management during the delivery of built assets are provided

in ISO 19650-2. These are based on the concepts and principles within this document, but on its own

this document includes no obligation to apply ISO 19650-2 or any other part of the ISO 19650 series to

be published.

There are many different ways that asset owners/operators or clients can best meet their particular

requirements or respond to their national contexts. This includes procurement routes and appointment

arrangements. The concepts and principles for information management described in this document

should be adopted and applied in accordance with the specific circumstances and requirements of the

asset management or project delivery activities. The information requirements should specify or guide

how this will be achieved and the details should be agreed in time for the requirements to be delivered

efficiently and effectively.

Collaboration between the participants involved in construction projects and in asset management

is pivotal to the efficient delivery and operation of assets. Organizations are increasingly working

in new collaborative environments to achieve higher levels of quality and greater re-use of existing

knowledge and experience. A significant outcome of these collaborative environments is the potential

to communicate, re-use and share information efficiently, and to reduce the risk of loss, contradiction

or misinterpretation.

True collaborative working requires mutual understanding and trust and a deeper level of standardized

process than has typically been experienced, if the information is to be produced and made available

in a consistent timely manner. Information requirements need to pass along supply chains to the point

where information can be most efficiently produced, and information needs to be collated as it is passed

back. At present, considerable resources are spent on making corrections to unstructured information

or incorrect management of information by untrained personnel, on solving problems arising from

uncoordinated efforts of delivery teams, and on solving problems related to information reuse and

reproduction. These delays can be reduced if the concepts and principles within this document are

adopted.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)

To improve future editions of the ISO 19650 series, national asset owners, public clients and authorities

are recommended to gather information and experiences about its implementation and use.

The ISO 19650 series can benefit from a formal process for managing assets, for example as in the

ISO 55000 series. The ISO 19650 series can also benefit from a systematic approach to quality within an

organization, for example as in ISO 9001, although certification to ISO 9001 is not a requirement of the

ISO 19650 series. Other standards that relate to information structures and delivery methods are also

listed in the Bibliography.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved vii
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
Organization and digitization of information about
buildings and civil engineering works, including building
information modelling (BIM) — Information management
using building information modelling —
Part 1:
Concepts and principles
1 Scope

This document outlines the concepts and principles for information management at a stage of maturity

described as “building information modelling (BIM) according to the ISO 19650 series”.

This document provides recommendations for a framework to manage information including

exchanging, recording, versioning and organizing for all actors.

This document is applicable to the whole life cycle of any built asset, including strategic planning,

initial design, engineering, development, documentation and construction, day-to-day operation,

maintenance, refurbishment, repair and end-of-life.

This document can be adapted to assets or projects of any scale and complexity, so as not to hamper the

flexibility and versatility that characterize the large range of potential procurement strategies and so

as to address the cost of implementing this document.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
3.1 General terms
3.1.1
responsibility matrix

chart that describes the participation by various functions in completing tasks or deliverables

Note 1 to entry: A responsibility matrix can indicate accountability, consultation and informing, alongside the

obligation to complete tasks or deliverables.

[SOURCE: ISO 37500:2014, 3.16, modified — The word “roles” has been replaced with “functions”; the

words “for an outsourcing arrangement” have been removed; Note 1 to entry has been added.]

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 19650-1:2019
ISO 19650-1:2018(E)
3.1.2
space
limited three-dimensional extent defined physically or notionally
[SOURCE: ISO 12006-2:2015, 3.1.8]
3.2 Terms related to assets and projects
3.2.1
actor
person, organization or organizational unit involved in a construction process

Note 1 to entry: Organizational units include, but are not limited to, departments, teams.

Note 2 to entry: In the context of this document, construction processes take place during the delivery phase

(3.2.11) and the operational phase (3.2.12).

[SOURCE: ISO 29481-1:2016, 3.1, modified — The words “such as a department, team, etc.” have been

removed; Note 1 and 2 to entry have been added.]
3.2.2
appointment

agreed instruction for the provision of information (3.3.1) concerning works, goods or services

Note 1 to entry: This term is used whether or not there is a formal appointment between the parties.

3.2.3
appointed party
provider of information (3.3.1) concerning works, goods or services

Note 1 to entry: A lead appointed party should be identified for each delivery team (3.2.6) but this can be the

same organization as one of the task teams (3.2.7).

Note 2 to entry: This term is used whether or not there is a formal written appointment (3.2.2) in place.

3.2.4
appointing party

receiver of information (3.3.1) concerning works, goods or services from a lead appointed party (3.2.3)

Note 1 to entry: In some countries the appointing party can be termed client (3.2.5), owner or employer but the

appointing party is not limited to these functions.

Note 2 to entry: This term is used whether or not there is a formal appointment (3.2.2) between the parties.

3.2.5
client
actor (3.2.1) responsible for initiating a project and approving the brief
3.2.6
delivery team
lead appointed party (3.2.3) and their appointed parties

Note 1 to entry: A delivery team can be any size, from one person carrying out all the necessary functions through

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.