Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:
-   those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances and dangerous mixtures [5];
-   substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and
-   any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.
NOTE   The terms "substance" and "mixture" are defined in the REACH regulation No. (EC)1907/2006 and in the CLP regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.
Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions for use and first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
-   plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
-   ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets;
-   oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
-   plastic moulding sets;
-   embedding sets;
-   adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents), supplied or recommended in model sets.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 5: Chemisches Spielzeug (Sets) ausgenommen Experimentierkästen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für die Stoffe und Materialien fest, die in chemischem Spielzeug (Sets), ausgenommen Experimentierkästen, verwendet werden. Bei diesen Stoffen und Gemischen handelt es sich um:
-   solche, die nach der für gefährliche Stoffe und gefährliche Gemische geltenden EU-Rechtsvorschrift als gefährlich eingestuft wurden [5];
-   Stoffe und Gemische, die in übermäßigen Mengen die Gesundheit der Kinder schädigen könnten und die nicht durch die vorstehend genannte Rechtsvorschrift als gefährlich eingestuft sind;
-   und sonstige chemische Stoffe und Gemische, die mit dem chemischen Spielzeug mitgeliefert werden.
ANMERKUNG   Die Begriffe „Stoff“ und „Gemisch“ sind in der REACH-Verordnung (EG) Nr. 1907/2006 und in der CLP Verordnung (EG) Nr. 1272/2008 definiert.
Weiterhin sind Anforderungen an die Kennzeichnung, die Warnhinweise, die Sicherheitsregeln, die Inhaltsangabe, die Gebrauchsanleitung sowie die Erste-Hilfe-Informationen festgelegt.
Dieser Teil der EN 71 gilt für:
-   Gips-Gussformen-Sets;
-   keramische und glasartige Email-Werkstoffe in Miniatur-Werkstatt-Sets;
-   im Ofen zu härtende weichmacherhaltige PVC-Modelliermassen-Sets;
-   Schmelzgranulat-Sets;
-   Einbettungs-Sets;
-   Klebstoffe, Farben, Lacke, Firnisse, Verdünnungen und Reinigungsmittel (Lösemittel), welche in Modellbaukästen mitgeliefert oder für diese empfohlen werden.

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 5: Jeux chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets d’expériences chimiques

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux substances et aux matériaux utilisés dans les jeux chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets d’expériences chimiques. Ces substances et mélanges sont les suivants :
-  ceux classés comme dangereux par la législation européenne s’appliquant aux substances dangereuses et aux mélanges dangereux [5] ;
-  des substances et des mélanges qui, en quantités excessives, pourraient nuire à la santé des enfants les utilisant et qui ne sont pas classés comme dangereux par la législation susmentionnée ; et
-  tous les autres substance(s) et mélange(s) fournis avec le jeu chimique.
NOTE    Les termes « substance » et « mélange » sont définis dans le règlement REACH (CE) n° 1907/2006 et dans le règlement CLP (CE) n° 1272/2008.
De plus, des exigences sont spécifiées pour les marquages, les avertissements, les règles de sécurité, la liste du contenu, la notice d’emploi et les informations relatives aux premiers secours.
La présente partie de l’EN 71 s’applique aux :
-  coffrets de moulage à base de plâtre à modeler (gypse) ;
-  matériaux céramiques et émaux à vitrifier fournis dans des ateliers miniatures en coffrets ;
-  coffrets de pâte à modeler à base de PVC plastifié à durcir au four ;
-  coffrets de moulage plastique ;
-  coffrets d’inclusion ;
-  adhésifs, peintures, laques, vernis, diluants et produits de nettoyage (solvants) fournis ou recommandés dans les boîtes de maquette.

Varnost igrač - 5. del: Kemijske igrače (kompleti), razen kompletov za kemijske poskuse

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za snovi in materiale, uporabljene v kemijskih igračah (kompletih), razen kompletov za kemijske poskuse. Te snovi in zmesi so: – tiste, ki so v zakonodaji ES navedene kot nevarne snovi in zmesi [5]; – snovi in zmesi, ki lahko v prekomernih količinah škodujejo zdravju otrok, ki jih uporabljajo, in ki jih zgoraj navedena zakonodaja ne razvršča med nevarne; ter – katere koli druge kemijske snovi in zmesi, dobavljene skupaj s kemijsko igračo. Poleg tega so določene zahteve za označevanje, opozorila, varnostne predpise, sezname vsebine, navodila za uporabo in informacije o prvi pomoči. Ta del EN 71 se uporablja za: – komplete za modeliranje iz mavca Pariz (gips); – komplete z miniaturnimi delavnicami za keramiko in emajl; – komplete za modeliranje gline iz plastične mase PVC, ki se strdi v pečici; – komplete za modeliranje plastike; – komplete za vlivanje v plastično maso; – lepila, barve, lake, razredčevalce in čistilna sredstva (raztopila), priložene kompletom ali priporočene v navodilih kompleta.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
04-Jun-2013
Withdrawal Date
22-Sep-2015
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
23-Sep-2015

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Standards Content (Sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-5:2013
01-september-2013
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-5:1995
SIST EN 71-5:1995/A1:2006
SIST EN 71-5:1995/A2:2009
9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO.HPLMVNHLJUDþH NRPSOHWL UD]HQNRPSOHWRY]DNHPLMVNH
SRVNXVH
Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 5: Chemisches Spielzeug (Sets) ausgenommen
Experimentierkästen

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 5 : Jeux chimiques (coffrets) autres que les coffrets

d'expériences chimiques
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-5:2013
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-5:2013 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 71-5:2013
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 71-5
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2013
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-5:1993
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than
experimental sets

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 5: Jeux chimiques (coffrets) Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 5: Chemisches Spielzeug

autres que les coffrets d'expériences chimiques (Sets) ausgenommen Experimentierkästen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 29 May 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-5:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 6

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................ 7

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................... 7

4 Plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets ........................................................................................ 9

4.1 Marking ............................................................................................................................................. 9

4.2 First aid information ......................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Safety rules....................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets .................... 10

5.1 Chemical mixtures ......................................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Marking ........................................................................................................................................... 10

5.3 First aid information ....................................................................................................................... 10

5.4 Safety rules..................................................................................................................................... 11

6 Oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets .................................................................. 11

6.1 Chemical substances ..................................................................................................................... 11

6.2 Marking ........................................................................................................................................... 12

6.3 First aid information ....................................................................................................................... 12

6.4 Safety rules..................................................................................................................................... 12

7 Plastic moulding sets..................................................................................................................... 12

7.1 Polystyrene granules ..................................................................................................................... 12

7.2 Embedding sets ............................................................................................................................. 13

8 Adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents) supplied

or recommended in model sets ..................................................................................................... 14

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................... 14

8.2 Adhesives ....................................................................................................................................... 14

8.3 Water-based paints and lacquers .................................................................................................. 20

8.4 Solvent-based paints, lacquers, thinners and cleaning solvents ................................................ 22

9 Marking ........................................................................................................................................... 24

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................... 24

9.2 Marking of the primary packaging ................................................................................................. 24

9.3 Marking of individual containers and any packagings ................................................................. 24

10 Instructions for use ........................................................................................................................ 25

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................... 25

10.2 Contents list ................................................................................................................................... 25

10.3 Advice for adult supervision.......................................................................................................... 25

10.4 Safety rules..................................................................................................................................... 26

10.5 Instructions for carrying out the activities .................................................................................... 26

10.6 Spills and disposal of chemicals ................................................................................................... 26

11 Test methods .................................................................................................................................. 27

11.1 General ........................................................................................................................................... 27

11.2 Determination of elements in ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials .................................. 27

11.3 Determination of plasticisers in oven-hardening polyvinyl chloride (PVC) modelling clay

sets ................................................................................................................................................. 32

11.4 Determination of the emission of benzene, toluene and xylenes from oven-hardening

plasticised PVC modelling clay sets and plastic moulding sets .................................................. 44

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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)

11.5 Determination of styrene content in polystyrene granules .......................................................... 47

11.6 Determination of organic solvents ................................................................................................5 0

11.7 Combined approach for the determination of plasticisers in solvent-based adhesives and

in solvent-based paints and lacquers, film-forming agents in paints and lacquers and

modifiers in solvent-based paints and lacquers ...........................................................................7 0

Annex A (normative) Environmental, health and safety precautions ....................................................... 82

Annex B (informative) Organic solvents ....................................................................................................8 3

Annex C (informative) Maximum permitted element concentrations for the compounds permitted

in ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials ..............................................................................8 5

Annex D (informative) Validation of test methods .....................................................................................8 6

Annex E (informative) Rationale .................................................................................................................8 7

E.1 General remark ...............................................................................................................................8 7

E.2 Primary packaging (4.1; 5.2; 6.2; 7.1.2; 7.2.2; 8.2.1.2.2; 8.2.2.6; 8.3.2; 8.4.3; 9.2) ......................... 87

E.3 Minimum age (4.1; 5.2; 6.2; 7.1.2; 7.2.3; 8.2.1.2.3; 8.2.1.3.3; 8.2.2.6; 8.3.3; 8.4.3) ......................... 87

E.4 Phthalates (6.1 Table 2; 8.2.2; 8.4.1) ..............................................................................................8 7

E.5 Benzene (6.1, Table 3; 8.2.2.4, Table 12; 8.4.1, Table 16) .............................................................. 88

E.6 Preservatives (7.2.1; 8.2.1.1; 8.3.1) ................................................................................................8 8

Annex F (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and the

previous version .............................................................................................................................8 9

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC ....................................................................................9 0

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................9 1

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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 71-5:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety of toys”, the

secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by December 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 71-5:1993.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

The significant changes from the previous edition of this standard are detailed in Annex F.

This standard is Part 5 of the European Standard for safety of toys, EN 71.

This Part 5 of the EN 71 series is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 71, Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3,

particularly the Introduction and Clause 1 of Part 1.
EN 71, Safety of toys, consists of the following parts:
 Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties;
 Part 2: Flammability;
 Part 3: Migration of certain elements;
 Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities;
 Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets;
 Part 7: Finger paints  Requirements and test methods;
 Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use;
 Part 9: Organic chemical compounds  Requirements;
 Sample preparation and extraction;
 Part 10: Organic chemical compounds
 Part 11: Organic chemical compounds  Methods of analysis;
 Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances;

 Part 13: Olfactory board games, gustative board games, cosmetic kits and gustative kits;

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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
 Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use.

NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been published: CEN Report,

CR 14379, Classification of toys  Guidelines, CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15071, Safety of toys  National

translations of warnings and instructions for use in EN 71, and CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15371, Safety of toys 

Replies to requests for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, and EN 71-8.
NOTE 2 Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (Terms and definitions).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard is intended to reduce the risks which may present health hazards to a child when the

chemical toys are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children.

When using these chemical toys, potential risks should be kept to a minimum by inclusion of appropriate

information to give special attention to possible hazards, risks and other problems.

Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number (CAS) and European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances

Number (EINECS) given in various tables are provided for information purposes only.

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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in

chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets. These substances and mixtures are:

 those classified as dangerous by the EC-legislation applying to dangerous substances and dangerous

mixtures [5];

 substances and mixtures which in excessive amounts could harm the health of the children using them

and which are not classified as dangerous by the above mentioned legislation; and

 any other chemical substance(s) and mixture(s) delivered with the chemical toy.

NOTE The terms “substance” and “mixture” are defined in the REACH regulation No. (EC)1907/2006 and in the CLP

regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

Additionally, requirements are specified for markings, warnings, safety rules, contents list, instructions for use

and first aid information.
This Part of EN 71 applies to:
 plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets;
 ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets;
 oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets;
 plastic moulding sets;
 embedding sets;

 adhesives, paints, lacquers, varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents (solvents), supplied or

recommended in model sets.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 3104, Petroleum products — Transparent and opaque liquids — Determination of kinematic viscosity

and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104)

EN ISO 3219, Plastics — Polymers/resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions — Determination

of viscosity using a rotational viscometer with defined shear rate (ISO 3219)

EN ISO 3696, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696)

EN ISO 22854, Liquid petroleum products — Determination of hydrocarbon types and oxygenates in

automotive-motor gasoline — Multidimensional gas chromatography method (ISO 22854)

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
3.1
chemical toy

toy intended for the direct handling of chemical substances and mixtures and which is used in a manner

appropriate to a given age-group and under the supervision of an adult
[SOURCE: EN 71-4:2013, 3.1]
3.2
experimental set

chemical toy where the experimental and explorative character in playing with single chemical substances and

mixtures along strict instructions dominates over the creative ideas of the user
[SOURCE: EN 71-4:2013, 3.2]
3.3
plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding set

toy containing moulds into which a mixture of water and gypsum is poured and allowed to harden

Note 1 to entry: The gypsum consists predominantly of calcium sulfate hemihydrate CaSO · 0,5 H O.

4 2

Note 2 to entry: Plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets are for example used for preparing figures and plates.

3.4
ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop set

toy containing ceramic glazes and vitreous enamels (transparent, opaque or coloured) which after addition of

water are painted on ceramic and metallic bodies to obtain smooth coatings, after which it is dried and fired at

temperatures above 700 °C
3.5
oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay set

toy to be used for creating all kinds of figures, brooches, fashion jewellery etc. prepared by hardening in the

oven at temperatures between (100–130) °C
3.6
plastic moulding set

toy to be used in substitution of ceramic materials to create decorative articles or models by fusion of a

polymer by heating in an oven up to a maximum of 180 °C
3.7
embedding set
toy to be used to preserve certain products in a transparent material
3.8
model set

product used to assemble and coat models which are supplied with or recommend adhesives, paints, lacquers,

varnishes, thinners and cleaning agents

Note 1 to entry: Examples for these models are motorcars, aeroplanes, houses and ships.

3.9
adhesive

non-metallic substance capable of joining materials by surface bonding (adhesion) and the bond possessing

adequate internal strength (cohesion)
3.10
water-based paints and lacquers

water based pigmented material which when applied in a liquid form to a surface, forms after a time a dry

adherent film or coating
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
3.11
solvent based paints and lacquers

solvent based pigmented material which when applied in a liquid form to a surface, forms after a time a dry

adherent film or coating
3.12
varnish
low viscosity lacquer
3.13
thinners and cleaning agents
solvents

products which are intended to obtain the required viscosity of paints and lacquers and to clean tools and

brushes
4 Plaster of Paris (gypsum) moulding sets

NOTE Basically plaster of Paris (gypsum) is not a harmful material, but if the powder is inhaled or swallowed, it may

form hard clots in the lungs or in the stomach.
4.1 Marking

The primary packaging shall in addition to the marking required in Clause 9 bear the following:

“Warning. Not suitable for children under (*) years. For use under adult supervision.

Read the instructions before use, follow them and keep them for reference.".

(*) The age is to be specified by the manufacturer, authorised representative or importer. It shall not be below

5 years.
4.2 First aid information

The instructions for use shall in addition to the general first aid information in 10.2 d) contain the following:

 "In case of eye contact: Wash out eye with plenty of water, holding eye open. Seek immediate medical

advice.";

 "If swallowed: Wash out mouth with water, drink some fresh water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek

immediate medical advice.".
4.3 Safety rules

The instructions for use shall in addition to the rules required in 10.4 contain the following safety rules:

 "Do not place the material in the mouth.";
 "Do not inhale dust or powder.";
 "Do not apply to the body.".
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
5 Ceramic and vitreous enamelling materials supplied in miniature workshop sets
5.1 Chemical mixtures

These ceramic glazes and vitreous enamels are ready-made mixtures consisting of substances and mixtures

given in Table 1. In each mixture there shall be not more than one of the pigments given in Table 1 with the

limit for the pigment in the glaze. The maximum mass of each ready-made mixture in a set shall not exceed

50 g.

NOTE A ceramic glaze is a vitrified inorganic silicate material. A ceramic frit is a vitrified inorganic silicate material

incorporating a pigment. These ready-made mixtures of silicate glazes are incorporating metal oxides and other

compounds.
Table 1 — Chemical mixtures
Chemical substance/mixture CAS-Number EINECS-Number
Calcium silicate hydrate (clay) 1344-96-3 -
Kaolin (china clay) 1332-58-7 -

Sparingly soluble silicate glazes, e.g. enamel and ceramic frits 65997-18-4 266-047-6

Pigments CAS-Number EINECS-Number
Copper oxide 0,25 % 1317-38-0 215-269-1
Di-iron trioxide 5 % 1309-37-1 215-168-2
Ferro-zirconium silicate 5 % 68412-79-3 270-210-7
Tin dioxide 10 % 18282-10-5 242-159-0
Vanadium-zirconium silicate 5 % 68186-95-8 269-057-9
(x)Aluminium-(y)cobalt (z)oxide 3 % 1333-88-6 —
Zirconium orthosilicate 15 % 10101-52-7 —
Zirconium-praseodymium silicate 5 % 68187-15-5 269-075-7
5.2 Marking

The primary packaging shall in addition to the marking required in Clause 9 bear the following warnings:

“Warning. Not suitable for children under (*) years. For use under adult supervision.

Read the instructions before use, follow them and keep them for reference.".

(*) The age is to be specified by the manufacturer, authorised representative or importer. It shall not be below

5 years.
5.3 First aid information

The instructions for use shall in addition to the general first aid information in 10.2 d) contain the following:

 "In case of eye contact: Wash out eye with plenty of water, holding eye open. Seek immediate medical

advice.".
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
5.4 Safety rules

The instructions for use shall in addition to the rules required in 10.4 contain the following safety rules:

 "Do not inhale powder.";
 "Do not place the powder in the mouth.";
 "Do not apply to articles intended to come into contact with food and drink.";
 "Keep the set away from food and drink.";

 "The firing process is not part of the function of the toy. Therefore keep children away during the firing

process and do not inhale gases emitted.".
6 Oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets
6.1 Chemical substances

These modelling clay sets shall consist of PVC (polyvinylchloride) and plasticisers and may contain modifiers,

fillers (e.g. China clay) and colourants. Only plasticisers given in Table 2 shall be used.

The maximum content of plasticisers in the mixture shall not exceed 30 %.
The vinyl chloride monomer content shall be below 1 mg/kg (see [11]).
Table 2 — Plasticisers in oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay sets
Chemical substance CAS-Number
Adipic acid polyesters -
Alkylsulfonic acid esters (C to C ) of phenol
12 20
Di-isononyl cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH) 166412-78-8
Phthalic acid esters with straight-chain aliphatic (C6 upwards
except C8) alcohols and mixtures of these esters
Tributyl acetylcitrate 77-90-7
Tris(2-ethylhexyl) acetylcitrate 144-15-0

During heating of these materials at the maximum permitted temperature and duration, the limits given in

Table 3 shall not be exceeded for the emission of the listed toxic substances when tested according to 11.4.

Table 3 — Limits for the emission of substances from oven-hardening plasticised PVC modelling clay

sets and plastic moulding sets during heating
Substance Limit
mg/kg
Benzene 5
Toluene 15
Xylenes 25
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
6.2 Marking

The primary packaging shall in addition to the marking required in Clause 9 bear the following warning:

“Warning. Not suitable for children under (*) years. For use under adult supervision.

Read the instructions before use, follow them and keep them for reference.".

(*) The age is to be specified by the manufacturer, authorised representative or importer. It shall not be below

8 years.
6.3 First aid information

The instructions for use shall in addition to the general first aid information in 10.2 d) contain the following:

 "In case of accidental overheating and inhalation of poisonous gases: Remove person to fresh air and

seek immediate medical advice.".
6.4 Safety rules

The instructions for use shall in addition to the rules required in 10.4 contain the following safety rules:

 ”Do not place the material in the mouth.”;

 ”Do not exceed a hardening temperature of 130 °C or harmful gases may be produced.”;

 ”Do not exceed a hardening time of 30 minutes.”;

 ”The hardening process is not part of the function of the toy and should be carried out by the supervising

adult.”;
 ”Use a domestic oven thermometer, e.g. bimetal, to measure the temperature.”;
 ”Do not use a glass thermometer.”;
 “Do not heat the material and cook food at the same time in a domestic oven”;
 ”Do not use a microwave oven.”.
7 Plastic moulding sets
7.1 Polystyrene granules
7.1.1 Chemical substances

These sets shall contain uncoloured and coloured polystyrene granules in accordance with Table 4.

Table 4 — Polystyrene
Chemical substance CAS-Number EINECS-Number
Polystyrene with monomer content of styrene ≤ 500 mg/kg 9003-53-6 -
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SIST EN 71-5:2013
EN 71-5:2013 (E)
7.1.2 Marking

The primary packaging shall in addition to the marking required in Clause 9 bear the following warnings:

“Warning. Not suitable for children under (*) years. For use under adult supervision.

Read the instructions before use, follow them and keep them for reference.".

(*) The age is to be specified by the manufacturer, authorised representative or importer. It shall not be below

10 years.
7.1.3 First aid information

The instructions for use shall in addition to the general first aid information in 10.2 d) contain the following:

 "In case of accidental overheating and inhalation of poisonous gases: Remove person to fresh air and

seek immediate medical advice.".
7.1.4 Safety rules

The instructions for use shall in addition to the rules required in 10.4 contain the following safety rules:

 "Do not exceed a melting temperature of 180 °C.";

 "The melting process is not part of the function of the toy and should be carried out by the supervising

adult.";
 "Use a domestic oven thermometer, e.g. bimetal, to measure the temperature.";
 "Do not swallow material.";
 "Do not heat the material and cook food at the same time in a domestic oven.";
 "Do not use a glass thermometer.";
 "Do not exceed the maximum recommended processing period.";
 "Do not use a microwave oven.".
7.2 Embedding sets
7.2.1 General
Substances classified as dangerous s
...

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