Aircraft ground support equipment - Specific requirements - Part 1: Passenger stairs

This Part of EN 12312 deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of passenger stairs when carried out in accordance with the specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. It also takes into account some requirements recognized as essential by the health and safety authorities, aircraft and vehicle manufacturers as well as airlines and handling agencies.
This standard applies to:
-   self-propelled stairs with seated driver (see annex A);
-   pedestrian controlled stairs;
-   towable stairs equipped with powered means, e.g. for height adjustment, stabilizers (see annex A);
-   automatic levelling systems of stairs;
for embarking/disembarking of passengers.
NOTE 1   Powered should be also understood as manual effort stored in springs or hydraulic accumulators, etc., the dangerous action of which can be produced or can continue after the manual effort has ceased or directly applied manual effort for lifting or lowering loads.
NOTE 2   Those clauses of this standard that can apply may also be used as a guideline for the design of towable stairs without powered means.
This standard does not apply to pneumatic systems.
This standard does not establish requirements for hazards caused by noise and vibration.
This Part of EN 12312 is not applicable to passenger stairs which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this standard.
This part of EN 12312 is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 1915-1, EN 1915-2, EN 1915-3 (for vehicles) and EN 1915-4.
Noise is dealt with in EN 1915-4.

Luftfahrt-Bodengeräte - Besondere Anforderungen - Teil 1: Fluggasttreppen

Dieser Teil von EN 12312 behandelt die technischen Anforderungen für Fluggasttreppen zur Minimierung der
in Abschnitt 4 aufgelisteten Gefährdungen, die bei Inbetriebnahme, Betrieb und Wartung auftreten können,
wenn diese in Übereinstimmung mit den Anweisungen des Herstellers oder seines Beauftragten ausgeführt
werden. Er berücksichtigt auch einige Anforderungen, die von den Organen der Arbeitssicherheit und des Gesundheitsschutzes,
Luftfahrzeug- und Bodengeräteherstellern sowie Luftverkehrs- und Abfertigungsgesellschaften
als wesentlich erachtet wurden.
Diese Norm gilt für:
⎯ selbstfahrende Treppen mit Fahrerplatz (siehe Anhang A);
⎯ mitgängergeführte Treppen;
⎯ schleppbare Treppen mit kraftbetriebenen Einrichtungen, z. B. zur Höhenanpassung, Abstützungen (siehe
Anhang A);
⎯ automatische Nachführeinrichtungen für Treppen;
die für das Ein- und Aussteigen von Fluggästen bestimmt sind.
ANMERKUNG 1 Kraftbetrieben sollte auch verstanden werden als in Federn gespeicherte menschliche Arbeitskraft
oder hydraulische Akkumulatoren o. ä., nutzen und deren gefährliche Wirkung nicht zwangsläufig mit Einstellung der
menschlichen Tätigkeit beendet ist oder unmittelbar angewandte menschliche Arbeitskraft zum Heben oder Senken von
Lasten.
ANMERKUNG 2 Zutreffende Abschnitte dieser Norm können auch als Grundlage für die Gestaltung von schleppbaren
Treppen ohne kraftbetätigte Einrichtungen dienen.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für pneumatische Systeme.
Diese Norm enthält keine Festlegungen für Gefährdungen, die durch Lärm und Vibration verursacht werden.
Dieser Teil von EN 12312 gilt nicht für Fluggasttreppen, die vor der Veröffentlichung dieser Norm durch
CEN hergestellt wurden.
!Es ist beabsichtigt, diesen Teil der EN 12312 in Verbindung mit EN 1915-1, EN 1915-2, EN 1915-3 (für
Fahrzeuge) und EN 1915-4 anzuwenden.
Geräusche werden in EN 1915-4 behandelt."

Matériels au sol pour aéronefs - Exigences particulières - Partie 1: Escaliers passagers

Podporna oprema na tleh za letalski promet - Posebne zahteve - 1. del: Stopnice za potnike

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
28-Apr-2009
Withdrawal Date
29-Jan-2013
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
30-Jan-2013
Completion Date
30-Jan-2013

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009
English language
18 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Podporna oprema na tleh za letalski promet - Posebne zahteve - 1. del: Stopnice za potnikeLuftfahrt-Bodengeräte - Besondere Anforderungen - Teil 1: FluggasttreppenMatériels au sol pour aéronefs - Exigences particulières - Partie 1: Escaliers passagersAircraft ground support equipment - Specific requirements - Part 1: Passenger stairs49.100Oprema za servis in vzdrževanje na tlehGround service and maintenance equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009en,de01-julij-2009SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12312-1:2001+A1
April 2009 ICS 49.100 Supersedes EN 12312-1:2001English Version

Aircraft ground support equipment - Specific requirements - Part 1: Passenger stairs

Matériels au sol pour aéronefs - Exigences particulières - Partie 1: Escaliers passagers

Luftfahrt-Bodengeräte - Besondere Anforderungen - Teil 1: Fluggasttreppen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 May 2001 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 1 March 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009: ESIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009

EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009 (E)

2 Contents page Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 41Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 42Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 43Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 54List of hazards ................................................................................................................................................ 65Safety requirements and/or measures ........................................................................................................ 65.1General requirements .................................................................................................................................... 65.2Stair flight ....................................................................................................................................................... 75.3Platforms ........................................................................................................................................................ 85.4Guard rails ...................................................................................................................................................... 85.5Raising devices and stability ........................................................................................................................ 95.6Controls, monitoring devices and displays for self-propelled passenger stairs .................................... 95.7Auxiliary means for powered passenger stairs .......................................................................................... 95.8Canopy .......................................................................................................................................................... 105.9Automatic levelling system ........................................................................................................................ 106Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 106.1Marking ......................................................................................................................................................... 106.2Warnings ....................................................................................................................................................... 106.3Instructions .................................................................................................................................................. 117Verification of requirements ....................................................................................................................... 11Annex A (informative)

Examples of passenger stairs ........................................................................................... 12Annex B (normative)

List of hazards ....................................................................................................................... 13Annex ZA (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC"""" ............................................................................................... 16Annex ZB (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC"""" ........................................................................................... 17Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 18 SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009

EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009 (E)

Foreword This document (EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 274 "Aircraft ground support equipment", the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2009. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2009-03-01. This document supersedes EN 12312-1:2001. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EC Directive(s). !For relationship with EC Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document." The Parts of EN 12312 Aircraft ground support equipment — Specific requirements are: Part 1: Passenger stairs Part 2: Catering vehicles Part 3: Conveyor belt vehicles Part 4: Passenger boarding bridges Part 5: Aircraft fuelling equipment Part 6: Deicers and deicing equipment Part 7: Aircraft movement equipment Part 8: Maintenance stairs and platforms Part 9: Container/Pallet loaders Part 10: Container/Pallet transfer transporters Part 11: Container/Pallet dollies and loose load trailers Part 12: Potable water service equipment Part 13: Lavatory service equipment Part 14: Disabled/Incapacitated passenger boarding equipment Part 15: Baggage and equipment tractors Part 16: Air start equipment Part 17: Air conditioning equipment Part 18: Oxygen/Nitrogen units Part 19: Aircraft jacks, axle jacks and hydraulic tail stanchions Part 20: Ground power equipment According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009

EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009 (E)

4 Introduction This European Standard defines health and safety requirements, as well as some functional and performance requirements, for stairs including a built-in source of power (see Clause 1, Scope) intended for passengers embarking/disembarking aircraft. The minimum essential criteria are considered to be of primary importance in providing safe, serviceable, economical, and practical passenger stairs. Deviations from the recommended criteria should occur only after careful consideration, extensive testing, risk assessment and service evaluation have shown alternative methods or conditions to be satisfactory. This European standard is a Type C standard as defined in !EN ISO 12100". 1 Scope This Part of EN 12312 deals with the technical requirements to minimise the hazards listed in clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, the operation and the maintenance of passenger stairs when carried out in accordance with the specifications given by the manufacturer or his authorised representative. It also takes into account some requirements recognized as essential by the health and safety authorities, aircraft and vehicle manufacturers as well as airlines and handling agencies. This standard applies to:  self-propelled stairs with seated driver (see annex A);  pedestrian controlled stairs;  towable stairs equipped with powered means, e.g. for height adjustment, stabilizers (see annex A);  automatic levelling systems of stairs; for embarking/disembarking of passengers. NOTE 1 Powered should be also understood as manual effort stored in springs or hydraulic accumulators, etc., the dangerous action of which can be produced or can continue after the manual effort has ceased or directly applied manual effort for lifting or lowering loads. NOTE 2 Those clauses of this standard that can apply may also be used as a guideline for the design of towable stairs without powered means. This standard does not apply to pneumatic systems. This standard does not establish requirements for hazards caused by noise and vibration. This Part of EN 12312 is not applicable to passenger stairs which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this standard. !This part of EN 12312 is intended to be used in conjunction with EN 1915-1, EN 1915-2, EN 1915-3 (for vehicles) and EN 1915-4. Noise is dealt with in EN 1915-4." 2 Normative references !The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies." !deleted text" SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009

EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009 (E)
5 !deleted text" EN 1050:1996,

Safety of machinery — Principles for risk assessment !deleted text" EN 1175-1:1998, Safety of machinery — Industrial trucks — Part 1: Electrical requirements for battery powered trucks !EN 1386, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Tread plate – Specifications" EN 1837:1999,

Safety of machinery—- Integral lighting of machines EN 1915-1:2001,
Aircraft ground support equipment —
General requirements — Part 1: Basic safety requirements EN 1915-2:2001,

Aircraft ground support equipment — General requirements — Part 2: Stability and strength requirements, calculations and test methods !EN 1915-4, Aircraft ground support equipment – General requirements – Part 4: Noise measurement methods and reduction" !EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)" !EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery – Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003)" !EN ISO 13850:2008, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006)" !ISO 7718, Aircraft - Main-deck passenger doors — Interface requirements for connection with passenger- boarding bridge or transfer vehicle" !ISO 16004, Aircraft ground equipment — Passenger boarding bridge or transfer vehicle — Requirements for interface with aircraft doors"

3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 1915-1 and !EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and EN ISO 12100-2:2003" apply together with the following: 3.1 passenger stair stair designed for the embarking and disembarking of passengers between the aircraft and the ground 3.2 stair flight series of steps between ground level and platform or between two platforms 3.3 riser height (R) distance between the surface of the tread of one step and the surface of a step above or below when measured perpendicularly between the tread surfaces 3.4 tread depth (T) distance from one step nosing to the adjacent step nosing when measured parallel to the tread surface

3.5 step width maximum usable width measured along the nose of the step SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009

EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009 (E)

3.6 handrail height distance to the top surface of the handrail as measured at the nose of the step or platform and perpendicular to the tread surface

3.7 upper (main) platform platform at the upper end of a stair flight with access to the aircraft

3.8 intermediate platform platform between two stair flights

3.9 incline angle of stair flight to a horizontal plane, measured across the noses of the steps

3.10 inclination angle of the platforms and steps surfaces to a horizontal plane, measured at a right angle to the noses of the steps

3.11 bottom hinged step foldable step at the bottom end of the stair to provide sufficient ground clearance during movement

3.12 leading edge front end of the upper (main) platform at the aircraft door interface

3.13 auxiliary system independent system for the operation of the passenger stair in case of power loss

4 List of hazards The list of risks and hazards (see annex B) is based on EN 1050 : 1996 and contains the hazards and hazardous situations, as far as they are dealt with in this European Standard, identified by risk assessment as significant for passenger stairs and which require action to eliminate or reduce risks. Not covered are risks and hazards due to a standard automotive chassis, the traffic, !deleted text" repair and general misuse. 5 Safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General requirements 5.1.1 !Passenger stairs shall conform to the relevant requirements of EN 1915-1, EN 1915-2, EN 1915-3 and EN 1915-4 unless otherwise specified in this standard." They shall also conform to the specific requirements of this standard. 5.1.2 Strength calculations shall be carried out in accordance with EN 1915-2. 5.1.3 For stairs to be moved on public roadways, the dimensions, laden mass and other characteristics shall meet all applicable government regulations when in fully retracted position. NOTE Applicable government regulations depend on the airport of use. 5.1.4 Passenger stairs shall have an upper (main) platform and, where the number of risers exceeds 18, an intermediate platform. SIST EN 12312-1:2002+A1:2009

EN 12312-1:2001+A1:2009 (E)

7 5.1.5 Step and platform inclination in all intended operating positions shall not exceed ± 3° (5 %) when the passenger stair rests on a horizontal plane. 5.1.6 The step and platform cover material shall provide the possibility of easy elimination of water and snow, e.g. by using treadplate conforming to !EN 1386". 5.1.7 With the passenger stair fully stowed for movement, the lowest point of any part of the passenger stair shall not be less than 150 mm above a horizontal ground. In addition, the clearance shall allow without interference the transversing of two surfaces intersecting at an angle of 3° (5 %) either in bridging or in cresting. 5.1.8 Operator's cabin or driver's accommodation shall not project forward of the leading edge of the upper (main) platform when in its fully retracted position. The passenger stair shall be constructed so that the driver at the operating position is able to see the leading edge throughout its operating range. 5.1.9 Passenger stairs shall be fitted with barrier devices to prevent access to the stair flight as follows:  passenger stairs with a maximum height of the upper (main) platform up to 2 m require one barrier at the bottom end of the passenger stairs;  passenger stairs with a maximum height of the upper (main) platform in excess of 2 m in its fully retracted position require two barriers, one at bottom end of the passenger stair, one at the upper (main) platform. NOTE In the context of this clause, barrier devices can be taken to mean solid rails or more flexible means such as inertial reel straps. A simple microswitch or similar system may be used to immobilize the stair. The barrier at the upper (main) platform shall be installed at a height of 1 m. 5.1.10 Stair flights and platforms shall have illumination of a non-glare quality for floor and step treads. A minimum illumination of 50 Lux shall be provided, as measured at the centre line of the stair flight and platforms, parallel to and on the tread surface. 5.1.11 The electrical system of battery powered passenger stairs shall confor

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.