Vertical road signs - Portable deformable warning devices and delineators - Portable road traffic signs - Cones and cylinders

This document specifies requirements for new traffic cones and new traffic cylinders with retroreflective properties.
This document specifies minimum essential visual and physical performance characteristics; test methods for determination of product performance and the means by which this performance may be communicated to the user and the public including safety enforcement agencies.
The document provides a series of categories or classes by which a traffic cone or traffic cylinder may be specified for use in different applications in accordance with best practice.
In the case of physical properties, performance levels and indicative tests are provided for cold weather, stability, and impact resistance when dropped. Requirements for visual recognition properties, colour, retroreflectivity and luminance are provided.
All of the tests contained in this document already exist in one or more national technical standard(s) of Member State(s), or in legislative requirement(s) or code(s) of practice of Member State(s).
Provision for identification and marking to declared levels of performance is provided.
There are other product shapes which perform similar functions. This document does not cover devices made in other shapes, or which do not meet the design requirements of this document.

Straßenverkehrszeichen (vertikal) - Transportable Straßenverkehrs-zeichen - Leitkegel und Leitzylinder

Signalisation routière verticale - Dispositifs d'alerte et balisages de voie souples et mobiles - Signaux temporaires mobiles - Cônes et cylindres

Pokončni cestni znaki - Prenosni upogljivi opozorilni in usmerjevalni znaki - Prenosni cestni signalni znaki - Stožci in valji

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
14-Apr-2009
Withdrawal Date
26-Nov-2019
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
27-Nov-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Straßenverkehrszeichen (vertikal) - Transportable Straßenverkehrszeichen - Leitkegel und Leitzylinder (einschließlich Erstprüfung und werkseigener Produktionskontrolle) - Änderung 1Signalisation routière vertical - Signaux temporaires - Dispositifs coniques et balises de signalisationVertical road signs - Portable deformable warning devices and delineators - Portable road traffic signs - Cones and cylinders93.080.30Cestna oprema in pomožne napraveRoad equipment and installationsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13422:2004+A1:2009SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009en01-junij-2009SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009SLOVENSKI
STANDARD



SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13422:2004+A1
April 2009 ICS 93.080.30 Supersedes EN 13422:2004English Version
Vertical road signs - Portable deformable warning devices and delineators - Portable road traffic signs - Cones and cylinders
Signalisation routière vertical - Signaux temporaires - Dispositifs coniques et balises de signalisation
Straßenverkehrszeichen (vertikal) - Transportable Straßenverkehrszeichen - Leitkegel und Leitzylinder (einschließlich Erstprüfung und werkseigener Produktionskontrolle) - Änderung 1 This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 June 2004 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 5 March 2009.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13422:2004+A1:2009: ESIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 2 Contents page Foreword . 4 1 Scope. 6 2 Normative references . 6 3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations . 6 4 Design, dimensions and tolerances . 8 4.1 Traffic cones . 8 4.1.1 Design of traffic cones . 8 4.1.2 Dimensions of traffic cones . 9 4.2 Traffic cylinders . 9 4.2.1 Design of traffic cylinders . 9 4.2.2 Design of traffic cylinders . 10 4.3 Tolerances . 10 5 Materials . 10 6 Performance requirements . 10 6.1 Visual performance . 10 6.1.1 Classification . 10 6.1.2 Colour; luminance factor and retroreflective requirements . 10 6.2 Physical performance . 14 6.2.1 Stability of traffic cones . 14 6.2.2 Drop resistance of traffic cones . 15 6.2.3 Adhesion of retroreflective surfaces . 15 6.2.4 Continuity of retroreflective surfaces . 15 6.2.5 Resistance to damage at low temperatures . 15 6.2.6 Resistance to bending - traffic cylinders . 15 6.2.7 Resistance to fatigue of traffic cylinders . 15 7 Methods of tests . 16 7.1 General requirements and records . 16 7.2 Determination of chromaticity and luminance factor ββββ in dry conditions . 16 7.3 Photometric tests . 16 7.3.1 Determination of minimum initial coefficient of retroreflection R' . 16 7.3.2 Determination of coefficient of retroreflective performance R' for retroreflective traffic cones or traffic cylinders . 16 7.3.3 Determination of relative distribution of retroreflective performance . 17 7.4 Test for determination of stability of traffic cones . 20 7.5 Low temperature impact resistance test . 20 7.6 Drop test for traffic cones . 21 7.7 Measurement of coefficient of retroreflection of wet retroreflective surfaces . 22 7.7.1 Principle . 22 7.7.2 Apparatus . 22 7.7.3 Method. 23 7.7.4 Report . 23 7.8 Test for adhesion of retroreflective surface(s) of traffic cones and traffic cylinders . 23 7.9 Bending test for traffic cylinders . 23 7.9.1 Apparatus . 23 7.9.2 Test method . 23 7.10 Fatigue test for traffic cylinders . 24 7.10.1 Apparatus . 24 SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 3 7.10.2 Test method . 24 8 Marking . 26 8.1 Traffic cones . 26 8.1.1 Base plate . 26 8.1.2 Cone body . 26 8.1.3 Retroreflective surfaces (Traffic cones of all types of construction) . 26 8.2 Traffic cylinders . 26 8.2.1 Cylinder Body (in any convenient visible position) . 26 8.2.2 Retroreflective surfaces . 27 8.3 Legibility and durability of markings . 27 8.3.1 Size of lettering (height) . 27 8.3.2 Durability of marking . 27 8.4 Examples of marking scheme . 27 8.4.1 Traffic cones . 27 8.4.2 Traffic cylinders . 27 8.5 Anti-theft markings . 28 9 Evaluation of conformity . 28 9.1 Initial type testing . 28 9.2 Factory production control . 34 9.3 Common requirements . 36 9.3.1 General . 36 Annex A (normative)
Technical documentation for ITT . 37 Annex B (informative)
Examples of test forms to register the results of a conformity review . 38 Annex C (informative)
Environmental considerations . 45 Bibliography . 46
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 13422:2004+A1:2009) has been prepared by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 226 "Road equipment" the Secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. It derives from performance requirements and test methods published in CEN, CENELEC, CIE and ISO documents together with standards of the CEN member organisations. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2009. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2009-03-05. This document supersedes EN 13422:2004. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags
!". According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 5 Introduction This document may be used to implement type approval and certification testing. SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 6
1 Scope This document specifies requirements for new traffic cones and new traffic cylinders with retroreflective properties.
This document specifies minimum essential visual and physical performance characteristics; test methods for determination of product performance and the means by which this performance may be communicated to the user and the public including safety enforcement agencies.
The document provides a series of categories or classes by which a traffic cone or traffic cylinder may be specified for use in different applications in accordance with best practice.
In the case of physical properties, performance levels and indicative tests are provided for cold weather, stability, and impact resistance when dropped. Requirements for visual recognition properties, colour, retroreflectivity and luminance are provided.
All of the tests contained in this document already exist in one or more national technical standard(s) of Member State(s), or in legislative requirement(s) or code(s) of practice of Member State(s).
Provision for identification and marking to declared levels of performance is provided.
There are other product shapes which perform similar functions. This document does not cover devices made in other shapes, or which do not meet the design requirements of this document. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. !EN 12767, Passive safety of support structures for road equipment – Requirements, classification and test methods" !EN ISO/IEC 17025, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories (ISO/IEC 17025:2005)" ISO 4:1997, Information and documentation — Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications !CIE 15, Colorimetry" CIE 17.4:1987, International lighting vocabulary CIE 54.2:2001, Retroreflection — Definition and measurement 3 Terms, definitions, symbols and abbreviations For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions together with the symbols and abbreviations given in ISO 4:1997 apply. The photometric definitions given in CIE 17.4:1997 together with the following apply.
3.1 traffic cone three dimensional device of conical shape comprising one or more parts including a base plate, cone body and a retroreflective surface or surfaces SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 7 3.2 base plate lowest part of the traffic cone which supports the cone body, having an upper visible surface, and a lower surface in contact with the support surface 3.3 cone body part of the traffic cone which is conical in shape, but excludes the base plate and the retroreflective surface(s) 3.4 category A cone traffic cone which is totally retroreflective, except for the base plate 3.5 category B cone traffic cone in which only a part or parts of the cone body are retroreflective 3.6 traffic cylinder three dimensional device of substantially cylindrical shape comprising one or more parts including a cylinder body, and a retroreflective surface or surfaces 3.7 cylinder body part of the traffic cylinder which is substantially cylindrical in shape and supports the retroreflective surface or surfaces 3.8 category A cylinder traffic cylinder which is totally retroreflective 3.9 category B cylinder traffic cylinder in which only part or
parts of the cylinder body are retroreflective 3.10 retroreflective surface(s) part (or those parts) of a traffic cone or traffic cylinder fixed to the cone body or cylinder body which are retroreflective according to the requirements of this document 3.11 height (H) traffic Cone - the vertical distance between the support surface and the top of the traffic cone traffic Cylinder - the vertical distance between the top of the cylinder body and the lowest extremity of the cylinder body
3.12 batch amount of product manufactured as one complete operation as defined by the manufacturer in its FPC system manual !deleted text"
3.13 production identification code code that will be defined by the manufacturer of the retroreflective sheeting in order to achieve traceability
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 8 3.14 test product product in original size and design, or part of it, prepared by the manufacturer and submitted to the ITT procedure
3.15 sample construction representing parts of the product or its constituents in original materials prepared by the manufacturer and submitted to the ITT procedure
3.16 reference sample sample as defined in 3.3 to be retained in order to be able to repeat the ITT procedure in case of disagreements
3.17 manufacturer responsible body in the framework of this document
3.18 supplier producer of components for use in the product
3.19
product families products that are related in such a way that testing of one of the products covers all of the products from a product family
3.20 !!!!independent certification body
body authorized to test the product and selected by the manufacturer to undertake the Initial type testing, Initial inspection of the factory and of the Factory production control (FPC), and the continuous surveillance, assessment and approval of the FPC and which operates in accordance with the requirements of EN ISO/IEC 17025"
4 Design, dimensions and tolerances 4.1 Traffic cones 4.1.1 Design of traffic cones 4.1.1.1 Shape of traffic cones There shall be 2 shape classes for traffic cones (S1 and S2).
Class S1 - The angle between the sides of the cone body and the cone's vertical axis shall be (10 ± 2,5)º for at least the uppermost 75 % H of the traffic cone. The lower 25 % H of the traffic cone above the base plate may have an increased angle between the sides of the body and the traffic cone's vertical axis of between 7,5º and 14,5º.
Class S2 - The angle between the sides of the cone body and the cone's vertical axis shall be (10 ± 2,5)º for at least the uppermost 75 % H of the traffic cone. The lower 25 % H of the traffic cone above the base plate may have an increased angle between the sides of the body and the traffic cone's vertical axis of between 7,5º and 45º. SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 9
4.1.1.2 Shape of base plate for traffic cones The base plate shall have a minimum of 4 and not more than 8 sides. 4.1.2 Dimensions of traffic cones 4.1.2.1 General !Traffic cones shall conform to Table 1 and shall be assigned according to weight class (W) of Table 1 achieved. (The nominal height of the traffic cone and the weight class required are to be specified by the purchaser). Table 1 — Height of traffic cones and minimum weight – (W) Nominal Minimum weight (W)Height (H)In kgin mm Class W1Class W2Class W3 ≥ 900 < 1 000 4,806,007,50 ≥ 750 <
900 3,204,005,00 ≥ 500 <
750 1,301,902,50 ≥ 450 <
500 1,101,801,90 ≥ 300 <
450 0,800,800,80 """" 4.1.2.2 Stacked height of traffic cones The overall height of two identical traffic cones, when stacked one upon the other, shall not exceed 1,2 H of each individual traffic cone. Traffic cones shall be designed to ensure that, when stacked, they do not bind together, nor damage the retroreflective surface(s). 4.1.2.3 Top of body of traffic cones The external diameter of the top of the cone body shall be (60 ± 15) mm. The top of the cone body shall have a circular hole provided in its upper surface. The hole shall have a diameter of (40 ± 5) mm. The area of the cone body immediately below the top of the traffic cone may have a configuration to provide a hand grip. This area need not be retroreflective and shall not exceed the greater height of either 0,1 H or 60 mm measured from the top. 4.1.2.4 Base plate of traffic cones When the thickness of the outer edge of the base plate exceeds 15 mm, its plan area shall be contained within a circle whose diameter is 0,75 H of the traffic cone. When the thickness of the outer edge of the base plate is 15 mm or less, the plan area of the base plate shall be contained within a circle whose diameter is 0,9 H of the traffic cone. 4.2 Traffic cylinders 4.2.1 Design of traffic cylinders 4.2.1.1 Shape of traffic cylinder Traffic cylinders shall have substantially parallel sides. The lowest 100 mm portion of the cylinder body may be of a different diameter to the portion above 100 mm from the support surface and need not be substantially parallel. A means for drainage of any water entering the traffic cylinder shall be provided. SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 10 4.2.1.2 Fixing method for traffic cylinder The design of such a fixing may be of any type which enables the traffic cylinder to be temporarily installed in or on the road surface while allowing the other requirements of this document to be satisfied. 4.2.2 Design of traffic cylinders 4.2.2.1 Height Traffic cylinders shall be not less than 450 mm in height nor greater than 1 250 mm in height. (The nominal height of traffic cylinders is to be specified by the purchaser). 4.2.2.2 Top of traffic cylinders The top of the cylinder body shall not be less than 95 mm or exceed 120 mm in diameter. A circular hole of (30 ± 5) mm diameter shall be provided in the upper 100 mm of each traffic cylinder except where the inclusion of any internal mechanism makes it impracticable to provide such a hole. In this case, the traffic cylinder shall be constructed such that in the event of it being run over, air will exhaust without the traffic cylinder bursting. 4.3 Tolerances Tolerances for traffic cones and traffic cylinders shall be ± 5 % except where stated elsewhere in this document. 5 Materials 5.1 Materials shall enable conformance to the relevant requirements of this document. 5.2 Environmental considerations are set out in Annex C, and provision for marking to aid recycling is set out in Clause 8 of this document. 6 Performance requirements 6.1 Visual performance 6.1.1 Classification Traffic cones and traffic cylinders shall be assigned to a Category A or B in accordance with 3.4 and 3.5, or 3.8 and 3.9. 6.1.2 Colour; luminance factor and retroreflective requirements 6.1.2.1 Daylight appearance of retroreflective surfaces When tested in accordance with 7.2 the chromaticity and luminance factor β of traffic cones and traffic cylinders shall conform to Table 2. SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 11
Table 2 — Chromaticity co-ordinates and luminance factors: Retroreflective surfaces Colour 1 2 3 4 Luminance factor ββββ
x y x y x y x y LA LB LC LD White 0,355 0,355 0,305 0,305 0,285 0,325 0,335 0,375 ≥ 0.35 ≥ 0.27 ≥ 0.20 ≥ 0.10 Red 0,735 0,265 0,674 0,236 0,569 0,341 0,655 0,345 ≥ 0,03 ≥ 0,03 ≥ 0,03 ≥ 0,03 Yellow 0,545 0,454 0,487 0,423 0,427 0,483 0,465 0,534 ≥ 0,16 ≥ 0,16 ≥ 0,16 ≥ 0,16 Blue 0,078 0,171 0,150 0,220 0,210 0,160 0,137 0,038 ≥ 0,01 ≥ 0,01 ≥ 0,01 ≥ 0,01
(Ref. CIE Publication 39.2 surface colours for visual signalling)
6.1.2.2 Daylight appearance of non-retroreflective surfaces When tested in accordance with 7.2 the chromaticity and luminance factor β of the exterior surfaces of the cone body of Category A and B traffic cones and the exterior surface of Category A and B traffic cylinders shall conform to Table 3.A. The interior surface of the cone body of Category A and B traffic cones shall conform to Table 3.B.
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 12 Table 3.A — Chromaticity co-ordinates and luminance factors: Non-retroreflective exterior surfaces Colour 1 2 3 4 Luminance
factor ββββ
x y x y x y x y
Red 0,690 0,310 0,575 0,316 0,521 0,371 0,610 0,390 > 0,11 Yellow 0,522 0,477 0,470 0,440 0,427 0,483 0,465 0,534 > 0,45
Table 3.B — Chromaticity co-ordinates and luminance factors: Non-retroreflective interior surfaces Colour 1 2 3 4 Luminance
factor ββββ
x y x y x y x y
Red 0,690 0,310 0,575 0,316 0,521 0,371 0,610 0,390 > 0,11 Yellow 0,522 0,477 0,470 0,440 0,427 0,483 0,465 0,534 > 0,45 Any other colour No performance determined
6.1.2.3 Coefficient of retroreflection R' for night time appearance The minimum initial coefficient of retroreflection R' (cd.lx-1.m-2) for traffic cones and traffic cylinders, when measured in accordance with 7.3.1, shall conform to either Table 4.A or Table 4.B. The traffic cone or traffic cylinder shall be classified either R1A or R2A for Table 4.A or R1B or R2B for
Table 4.B. Both classifications may be used if the requirements of both Tables 4A and 4B are met.
Table 4.A — Coefficient of retroreflection R' (cd.lx-1m-2) αααα ββββ1(ββββ2=0) Class R1A Class R2A
White Yellow Red Blue White Yellow Red Blue 12' +5 70 50 14.5 4.0 250 170 45 20
+30 30 22
6 1,7 150 100 25 11
+40 10
7
2 0,5 110 70 15 8 20' +5 50 35 10
2 180 120 25 14
+30 24 16
4
1 100
70 14
8
+40
9
6 1,8
# 95
60 13
7 2º +5
5
3 1,0
#
5
3
1 0,2
+30 2,5 1,5 0,5
# 2,5 1,5 0,4
#
+40 1,5 1,0 0,5
# 1,5 1,0 0,3
# # indicates “Value greater than zero but not significant or applicable”.
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 13 Table 4.B — Coefficient of retroreflection R' (cd.lx-1m-2) αααα ββββ1(ββββ2=0) Class R1B Class R2B
White Yellow Red Blue White Yellow Red Blue 12' +5 70 50 14,5 4,0 250 170 45 20
+15 55 35 10 3,0 200 120 30 15
+40 10
7
2 0,5 110 70 15
8 20' +5 50 35 10
2 180 120 25 14
+15 45 20
8
2 150 80 20 10
+40
9
6 1,8
# 95 60 13
7 1º +5
5
3 1,5 0,6 20 12
2
1
+15
3
2
1 0,3 15
8 1,5 0,7
+40 1,5 0,5 0,3 0,1
5
3 1,0 0,5 # indicates “Value greater than zero but not significant or applicable”.
6.1.2.4 Further requirements for coefficient of retroreflection R' of retroreflective surfaces The minimum coefficient of retroreflection R' for the retroreflective surfaces of Category A traffic cones or traffic cylinders when measured in accordance with 7.3.2 shall conform to Table 5.
Table 5 — Minimum values for the Coefficient of Retroreflection R' (cd.lx-1.m-2) Obsv. Angle α Class R3 Class R4 White Yellow Red Blue White Yellow Red Blue 12' 60 55 15 10 220 185 40 24 20' 45 45 12 6 130 120 25 15 2º 2,5 1,8 0,6 0,5 2,5 2 0,6 0,4
6.1.2.5 Relative distribution of retroreflective performance (day and night visual conformity for Category A Traffic cones and Traffic cylinders) The retroreflective surface(s) of Category A traffic cones and traffic cylinders shall fall within the "Required performance" area of Figure 1 when tested in accordance with 7.3.3.
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 14 0123456789100102030405060708090100110120130Relative luminanace Lrel (%)Brel12 Key
1
Inadmissible Performance 2
Required Performance Figure 1 — Relative distribution 6.1.2.6 Performance of retroreflective surfaces in wet conditions Retroreflective surface(s) applied to either traffic cones or traffic cylinders shall be tested in accordance with 7.7. The R' values determined shall comply with Table 6 as appropriate. Table 6 — Coefficient of retroreflection R' in wet conditions (cd.lx-1.m-2) Performance Class Performance Level WT 1 ≥ 70 % of the values in Table 4.A and 4.B, as appropriate WT 0 No Performance Determined NOTE
Class "WT 0" is intended for traffic cones and cylinders where this requirement is not relevant.
6.2 Physical performance 6.2.1 Stability of traffic cones Traffic cones of H > 300 mm or greater shall comply with the requirements of Table 7 when tested in accordance with !7.4".
SIST EN 13422:2005+A1:2009



EN 13422:2004+A1:2009 (E) 15 Table 7 — Horizontal Test Forces Unit: Newtons (N) Traffic Cone Weigh
...

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