Playpens for domestic use - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and test methods for playpens and folding playpens for domestic use, for a child with a body weight up to 15 kg.
If a playpen has several functions or can be converted into another function, it shall comply with the relevant standards.

Kinderlaufställe für den Wohnbereich - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die sicherheitstechnischen Anforderungen und Prüfungen für Kinderlaufställe und klappbare Kinderlaufställe für den Wohnbereich fest, die für Kinder mit einem Körpergewicht bis zu 15 kg bemessen sind.
Falls ein Kinderlaufstall mehrere Anwendungsmöglichkeiten hat oder für eine andere Anwendung umgebaut werden kann, muss er mit den jeweils zutreffenden Normen übereinstimmen.

Parcs à usage domestique - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai des parcs et parcs pliants à usage domestique, pour un enfant dont le poids n’excède pas 15 kg.
Si un parc remplit plusieurs fonctions ou peut être converti, il doit être conforme aux normes applicables.

Stajice za domačo uporabo - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za stajice in zložljive stajice za domačo uporabo, za otroka s težo do 15 kg. Če ima stajica več funkcij ali se lahko pretvori v drugo funkcijo, mora biti skladna z ustreznimi standardi.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Aug-2010
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2018
Completion Date
02-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Kinderlaufställe für den Wohnbereich - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfungenParcs à usage domestique - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essaiPlaypens for domestic use - Safety requirements and test methods97.140PohištvoFurnitureICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12227:2010SIST EN 12227:2011en,fr,de01-februar-2011SIST EN 12227:2011SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12227-2:2001SIST EN 12227-1:20011DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12227:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12227

August 2010 ICS 97.190 Supersedes EN 12227-1:1999, EN 12227-2:1999English Version

Playpens for domestic use - Safety requirements and test methods
Parcs à usage domestique - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Kinderlaufställe für den Wohnbereich - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 July 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 12227:2010: ESIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................51Scope ......................................................................................................................................................62Normative references ............................................................................................................................63Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................64Test equipment ......................................................................................................................................74.1Hip probe ................................................................................................................................................74.2Foothold template ..................................................................................................................................84.3Head probes ...........................................................................................................................................84.4Template for V and irregular shaped openings ............................................................................... 104.5Finger probes ...................................................................................................................................... 104.6Protruding parts test equipment ....................................................................................................... 114.7Small parts cylinder ............................................................................................................................ 124.8Feeler gauge ........................................................................................................................................ 124.9Bite tester ............................................................................................................................................ 134.10Base impacter ..................................................................................................................................... 144.11Side impacter ...................................................................................................................................... 144.12Loading pad ......................................................................................................................................... 154.13Retaining blocks for strength of mesh ............................................................................................. 154.14Masses ................................................................................................................................................. 164.15Stops .................................................................................................................................................... 164.16Floor surface ....................................................................................................................................... 164.17Test mattress ....................................................................................................................................... 165General ................................................................................................................................................. 165.1Product conditioning .......................................................................................................................... 165.2Test conditions ................................................................................................................................... 165.3Application of forces .......................................................................................................................... 165.4Tolerances ........................................................................................................................................... 165.5Prevention of movement of the playpen during testing ................................................................. 175.6Order of tests ...................................................................................................................................... 176Chemical hazards ............................................................................................................................... 177Thermal hazards ................................................................................................................................. 188Mechanical hazards ............................................................................................................................ 188.1Child retention function ..................................................................................................................... 188.2Requirements for castors/wheels ..................................................................................................... 248.3Entrapment .......................................................................................................................................... 258.4Hazards from moving parts ............................................................................................................... 288.5Entanglement ...................................................................................................................................... 288.6Choking and ingestion hazards ........................................................................................................ 308.7Suffocation hazards............................................................................................................................ 328.8Hazardous edges and projections .................................................................................................... 328.9Stuctural integrity ............................................................................................................................... 328.10Stability ................................................................................................................................................ 389Product information............................................................................................................................ 399.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 399.2Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 399.3Purchase information ......................................................................................................................... 39SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 3 9.4Instructions for use ............................................................................................................................. 3910Test report ............................................................................................................................................ 40Annex A (informative)

Rationales for inclusion of requirements for domestic playpens ......................... 41A.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 41A.2Chemical hazards ................................................................................................................................ 41A.3Thermal hazards .................................................................................................................................. 41A.3.1Flammability ......................................................................................................................................... 41A.3.2Flash effect ........................................................................................................................................... 41A.4Mechanical hazards ............................................................................................................................. 41A.4.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 41A.4.2Child retention function ...................................................................................................................... 42A.4.3Entrapment hazards ............................................................................................................................ 42A.4.4Hazards from moving parts ................................................................................................................ 43A.4.5Entanglement ....................................................................................................................................... 43A.4.6Detachable components ..................................................................................................................... 43A.4.7Hazardous edges and projections ..................................................................................................... 44A.4.8Structural integrity .............................................................................................................................. 44A.4.9Stability ................................................................................................................................................. 44Annex B (informative)

Examples for the design of safe edges and corners .............................................. 45Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 47 SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 12227:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 207 “Furniture”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12227-1:1999 and EN 12227-2:1999. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 5 Introduction If additional products are designed to be attached to the playpen, a hazard and risk analysis should be undertaken to identify any potential hazards. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the safety requirements and test methods for playpens and folding playpens for domestic use, for a child with a body weight up to 15 kg. If a playpen has several functions or can be converted into another function, it shall comply with the relevant standards. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-1, Safety of toys

Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties EN 71-2, Safety of toys
Part 2: Flammability EN 71-3, Safety of toys
Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 1103, Textiles
Fabrics for apparel

Detailed procedure to determine the burning behaviour EN ISO 2439:2008, Flexible cellular polymeric materials

Determination of hardness (indentation technique) (ISO 2439:2008) ISO 7619-2, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of indentation hardness — Part 2: IRHD pocket meter method 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 playpen enclosure comprising barrier and integral base intended to retain a child whilst allowing it space in which to play 3.2 folding playpen playpen which can be folded or dismantled without the use of a tool for transportation or storage 3.3 grab handle part attached to the playpen to assist the child within the playpen to attain and maintain a standing position 3.4 barrier structure which forms the outer perimeter of the playpen, which may be continuous or comprise several components 3.5 base structure forming the floor of the playpen to support the child SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 7 3.6 accessible parts inside of the playpen and exterior of the playpen 300 mm from the upper part of the rim whole playpen except the underside of the playpen base 4 Test equipment 4.1 Hip probe The hip probe shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 1. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 Hip probe 2 Handle 3 Diameter NOTE Tolerances on dimensions: −5,0065mm −5,00105mm (30 ± 5) mm (200 ± 5) mm All other dimensions as per general tolerances (see 5.4). Figure 1 — Hip probe with handle SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 8 4.2 Foothold template A strip of 10 mm thick transparent material cut to the shape as shown in Figure 2. The sides of the template shall be square to the faces. All edges and corners shall be left as machined without any radius. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 Triangular cells plotted on a 5 mm × 5 mm grid Figure 2 — Template for foothold test (example of left hand template) Two templates are required to provide a left and right hand template. The markings shown in Figure 2 are on the bottom face of each template to avoid parallax errors. 4.3 Head probes 4.3.1 Small head probe The small head probe, representing a child aged three months to six months, shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 3.

SIST EN 12227:2011
EN 12227:2010 (E) 9

Key a = mm1015,00− b = mm1375,00− c = 119 mm d = (45 ± 5) mm 1 Small head probe 2 Handle Figure 3 — Small head probe with handle 4.3.2 Large head probe The large head probe shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 4. Dimensions in millimetres

Key a = ()mm2235,00+ 1 Large head probe 2 Handle Figure 4 — Large head probe with handle SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 10 4.4 Template for V and irregular shaped openings The template for V and irregular shaped openings shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions given in Figure 5. The tolerance of the angles is ± 1°. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 B portion 2 A portion Figure 5 — V and irregular shaped openings template 4.5 Finger probes Probes made from plastics or other hard, smooth material of diameters 7 mm and 12 mm with a full hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force-measuring device, see Figure 6. Probe for assessing mesh made from plastics or other hard, smooth material as shown in Figure 7. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 11 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 R3,5 or R6 2 Line scribed around circumference showing depth of penetration 3 Ø ()01,07− mm or Ø ()1,0012 mm Figure 6 — 7 mm and 12 mm diameter probes

Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 7 — 7 mm diameter probe for mesh 4.6 Protruding parts test equipment 4.6.1 Ball chain loop and spherical mass This comprises a ball chain loop attached to a spherical mass, see Figure 8.

Key 1 Ball chain loop (4.6.2) 2 Common fixing point at the spherical mass 3 Spherical mass (4.6.3) Figure 8 — Loop and mass SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 12 4.6.2 Ball chain Ball chain with peripheral length of (400 ± 5) mm comprises a maximum of ten balls per 40 mm between ball centres of (4,0 ± 0,2) mm, see Figure 9, when the chain is loaded with a mass of 2,5 kg. The diameter of each ball is (3,2 ± 0,2) mm, see Figure 9. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 9 — Ball chain 4.6.3 Spherical mass A smooth spherical mass of (2,5 ± 0,5) kg and 115 mm diameter. 4.7 Small parts cylinder Cylinder, having the main dimensions given in Figure 10. Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 10 — Small parts cylinder 4.8 Feeler gauge Feeler gauge with the dimensions given in Figure 11. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 13 Dimensions in millimetres
side view
top view

Figure 11 — Feeler gauge 4.9 Bite tester The bite tester, see Figure 12, consists of two sets of teeth, see Figure 13, made from H13 high chrome tool steel or equivalent and hardened to 45-50 Rockwell C. There are two teeth at the top and two at the bottom of the bite tester, positioned so that the vertical centre line of one pair of teeth is (1 ± 0,1) mm in front of the centre line of the other set of teeth. In the fully closed position the teeth shall overlap each other by (1 ± 0,1) mm. The outer most corners of the teeth shall have a radius of (0,3 ± 0,1) mm. The teeth shall be mounted so as to pivot about a point (50 ± 1) mm from the rear most pair of teeth and positioned so that when closed the centre lines of the two pairs of teeth are parallel to each other. The bite tester shall be equipped with a stop to prevent the distance between the teeth from exceeding (28 ± 1) mm when fully opened. The closing force of the teeth shall be set at (50 ± 5) N. The bite tester shall be provided with a guide to prevent items entering further into the fully opened jaws by more than (17 ± 1) mm. The bite tester shall be equipped with a means whereby a force of (50 ± 5) N may be applied along its centre line in a direction tending to pull the teeth off the sample. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 Position of guide 2 Pivot point Figure 12 — Bite tester SIST EN 12227:2011
EN 12227:2010 (E) 14 Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 13 — Test teeth 4.10 Base impacter An impacter with a total mass of 10 kg made of hardwood or equivalent material, with the dimensions given in Figure 14. The impacter shall be guided so that it is kept upright and always falls on the impact point. Dimensions in millimetres

Key SR Spherical radius Figure 14 — Base impacter 4.11 Side impacter A pendulum with a cylindrical head made of steel with the dimensions given in Figure 15. The head of the pendulum shall be surrounded by a 10 mm thick layer of rubber of hardness 76 IRHD to 78 IRHD in accordance with ISO 7619-2. The total mass shall be 2 kg. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 15 Dimensions in millimetres
Key 1 Pivot point 2
Centre of gravity 3

Rubber 76 to 78 IRHD Figure 15 — Side impacter 4.12 Loading pad A rigid cylinder of 100 mm diameter having a smooth hard surface and rounded edges with a radius of 12 mm. 4.13 Retaining blocks for strength of mesh Two retaining blocks made of a rigid material with a support surface for the playpen rim of 100 mm × 100 mm and a radius of 5 mm on the edges.

SIST EN 12227:2011
EN 12227:2010 (E) 16 4.14 Masses 4.14.1
Mass of 15 kg and cross section of 100 mm × 100 mm. 4.14.2
Mass of 20 kg distributed evenly over an area of 150 mm × 150 mm.

4.15 Stops Stops which prevent the article from sliding but not tilting, not higher than 12 mm except in cases where the design of the item necessitates the use of higher stops, in which case the lowest that will prevent the item from sliding shall be used. 4.16 Floor surface Horizontal, rigid and flat surface. 4.17 Test mattress A PUR foam sheet with a thickness of 60 mm, a bulk density of (35 ± 2) kg/m3 and an indentation hardness index of (170 ± 20) N in accordance with A 40 of EN ISO 2439:2008 and being at least 400 mm × 800 mm in area but not larger than the mattress base of the playpen under test. The test mattress shall have a cotton cover with a mass per unit area of 100 g/m2 to 120 g/m2. 5 General 5.1 Product conditioning Before testing, any fabrics used shall be cleaned or washed and dried twice in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. 5.2 Test conditions The tests shall be carried out in ambient conditions of 15 °C to 25 °C. The tests are designed to be applied to playpens that are fully assembled and ready for use. If of a knock-down type, the playpen shall be assembled according to the manufacturer's instructions. If the playpen can be assembled or combined in different ways, the most onerous combinations shall be used for each test.

Knock-down fittings shall be tightened before testing. Further re-tightening shall not take place unless this is specifically required by the manufacturer. 5.3 Application of forces The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that negligible dynamic force is applied. The forces in durability tests shall be applied at a rate to ensure that excessive heating does not occur. 5.4 Tolerances Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply: a) Forces:

± 5 % of the nominal force; SIST EN 12227:2011
EN 12227:2010 (E) 17 b) Masses:
± 0,5 % of the nominal mass; c) Dimensions:
± 1,0 mm of the nominal dimension; d) Angles:

± 2° of the nominal angle; e) Positioning of loading pads: ± 5 mm; f) Duration of forces:

1) (2 ± 1) s for durability tests; 2) (10 ± 2) s for static load tests. The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can however be used. The relationship 10 N = 1 kg may be used for this purpose. Unless otherwise specified, the test forces may be applied by any suitable device which does not adversely affect the results. 5.5 Prevention of movement of the playpen during testing If the playpen tends to slide or roll during the tests specified in Clause 8, it shall be restrained by stops (4.15). 5.6 Order of tests Unless otherwise stated the tests shall be carried out on the same playpen in the order listed in this standard. 6 Chemical hazards See rationale in A.2. The migration of synthetic or natural elements from coatings of paint, varnish, lacquer, polymer and similar coatings on exterior surfaces shall comply with the following amounts: a) Antimony: 60 mg/kg; b) Arsenic:

25 mg/kg; c) Barium:
1 000 mg/kg; d) Cadmium: 75 mg/kg; e) Chromium: 60 mg/kg; f) Lead:
90 mg/kg; g) Mercury:

60 mg/kg; h) Selenium: 500 mg/kg. These limits shall be verified in accordance with the test method given in EN 71-3. Where a surface is coated with a multi-layer of paint or similar coating, the test sample shall not include the base material. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 18 A separate sample may be used for these tests. The underside of the playpen base and any castors/wheels are excluded from these requirements. 7 Thermal hazards When tested in accordance with EN 71-2, the maximum rate of spread of flame of textile materials or coated textile materials shall not exceed 30 mm/s. See rationale in A.3.1. When tested in accordance with EN 1103, there shall be no flash effect. See rationale in A.3.2. These requirements apply to parts with an area larger than 310 cm2. A separate sample may be used for these tests. 8 Mechanical hazards 8.1 Child retention function 8.1.1 General See rationale in A.4.2. 8.1.2 Height of barrier 8.1.2.1 Requirements With the base in its lowest position the minimum vertical distance between the upper surface of the playpen base and any part of the upper surface of the barrier shall be at least 600 mm when measured in accordance with 8.1.2.2.9. With the base in its lowest position the minimum distance between any foothold and any part of the upper surface of the barrier (see Figure 16) shall be at least 600 mm when measured in accordance with 8.1.2.2.10. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 19

Figure 16 — Example of measurement between footholds and/or top of barriers with its base in its lowest position With the base in its highest position the minimum vertical distance between the upper surface of the playpen base and any part of the upper surface of the barrier shall be at least 300 mm when measured in accordance with 8.1.2.2.9. The rationale is given in A.4.2.2. 8.1.2.2 Determination of a foothold 8.1.2.2.1 Continuous structure A foothold exists on a continuous structure if four triangles marked on the template are completely obscured by the structure being checked. These four triangles shall have at least one side in common with another of the triangles, see Figure 17.

SIST EN 12227:2011
EN 12227:2010 (E) 20

Key 1 This shaded area denotes one triangle; four shaded areas denotes four obscured triangles Figure 17 — Examples of obscured triangles indicating a foothold on a continuous structure 8.1.2.2.2 Non-continuous structure A foothold exists on a non-continuous structure if two or more triangles marked on the template are completely obscured between the edge of the template and the bold lines of the template by the structure being checked. The two or more triangles on either side of the template shall have at least one side in common with each other, see Figure 18.

Key 1

This shaded area denotes one triangle Figure 18 — Example of obscured triangles on a foothold on a non-continuous structure 8.1.2.2.3 Wire, thin structures and similar parts A foothold exists on a wire, thin structure and similar part if it projects across the bold lines on the template, see Figure 19. SIST EN 12227:2011

EN 12227:2010 (E) 21
Key

Denotes a wire, thin structure or similar part Figure 19 — Example of a foothold on a wire, thin structure and similar part 8.1.2.2.4 Footholds on a continuous structure at an angle less than 55°°°° Using either the left or right hand template, place the template with its marked face on any continuous structure inclined at an angle of less than 55° to the horizontal. Orientate either template, see Figure 2, to check whether any four triangles are obscured indicating a foothold; see Figure 20 for examples. 8.1.2.2.5 Footholds on a non-continuous structure at an angle of less than 55° Using either the left or right hand template, place the template with its marked face on any non-continuous structure inclined at an angle of less than 55° to the horizontal. Orientate either template, see Figure 2, to check whether two or more triangles are obscured between the edges of the template and the bold lines on the template indicating a foothold; see Figure 21 for examples. 8.1.2.2.6 Footholds on wire, thin structures or similar parts at an angle less than 55° Using either the left or right hand template, place the template with its marked face on any wire, thin structure or similar parts at an angle less than 55° to the horizontal. Check whether the wire, thin structure or similar part has a line of contact extending between the two bold lines marked along the template; see Figure 22 for examples. 8.1.2.2.7 Footholds on an intersecting or adjacent structure where the second structure prevents slipping Usin

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