Metallic and other inorganic coatings - Review of methods of measurement of thickness (ISO 3882:2003)

ISO 3882:2003 reviews methods for measuring the thickness of metallic and other inorganic coatings on both metallic and non-metallic substrates. It is limited to tests already specified, or to be specified, in International Standards, and excludes certain tests that are used for special applications.

Metallische und andere anorganische Überzüge - Übersicht über Verfahren zur Schichtdickenmessung (ISO 3882:2003)

Diese Internationale Norm enthält eine Übersicht über Verfahren zur Messung der Dicke metallischer und anderer anorganischer Schichten auf metallischen und nichtmetallischen Grundwerkstoffen (siehe Tabellen 1, 2 und 3). Sie beschränkt sich auf in Internationalen Normen bereits erfasste oder noch zu erfassende Verfahren; ausgeschlossen werden Verfahren, die für besondere Anwendungen vorgesehen sind.
Tabelle 1 - Verfahren zur Messung der Schichtdicke
Zerstörungsfrei   Zerstörend
Verfahren mit Lichtschnittmikroskop, ISO 2128a     Mikroskopisches (optisches) Verfahren, ISO 1463
Magnetische Verfahren, ISO 2178 und ISO 2361   Mehrstrahlinterferometrisches Verfahren nach Fizeau, ISO 3868b  
Wirbelstromverfahren, ISO 2360   Profilometrisches Verfahren (Tasterverfahren), ISO 4518b
Röntgenspektrometrisches Verfahren, ISO 3497   Verfahren mit Rasterelektronenmikroskop, ISO 9220
Betarückstreuverfahren, ISO 3543   Auflöseverfahren:
Gravimetrisches Verfahren mit Ablösen und Wägen sowie analytisches gravimetrisches Verfahren, ISO/DIS 10111
Coulometrisches Verfahren, ISO 2177
a   Bei einigen Anwendungen möglicherweise zerstörend.
b   Bei einigen Anwendungen möglicherweise zerstörungsfrei.

Revêtements métalliques et autres revêtements inorganiques - Vue d'ensemble sur les méthodes de mesurage de l'épaisseur (ISO 3882:2003)

L'ISO 3882:2003 donne une vue d'ensemble des méthodes de mesure de l'épaisseur de revêtements métalliques et autres revêtements inorganiques déposés sur des substrats métalliques ou non métalliques. Elle se limite aux essais déjà spécifiés, ou qui devront être spécifiés, dans des Normes internationales, et elle exclut certains essais utilisés à des fins spéciales.

Kovinske in druge anorganske prevleke - Pregled metod za merjenje debeline (ISO 3882:2003)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Apr-2003
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
15-May-2008

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
01-december-2003
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 3882:1999
Kovinske in druge anorganske prevleke - Pregled metod za merjenje debeline (ISO
3882:2003)

Metallic and other inorganic coatings - Review of methods of measurement of thickness

(ISO 3882:2003)
Metallische und andere anorganische Überzüge - Übersicht über Verfahren zur
Schichtdickenmessung (ISO 3882:2003)

Revetements métalliques et autres revetements inorganiques - Vue d'ensemble sur les

méthodes de mesurage de l'épaisseur (ISO 3882:2003)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 3882:2003
ICS:
17.040.20 Lastnosti površin Properties of surfaces
25.220.40 Kovinske prevleke Metallic coatings
SIST EN ISO 3882:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 3882
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2003
ICS 25.220.20; 25.220.40 Supersedes EN ISO 3882:1994
English version
Metallic and other inorganic coatings - Review of methods of
measurement of thickness (ISO 3882:2003)

Revêtements métalliques et autres revêtements Metallische und andere anorganische Überzüge - Übersicht

inorganiques - Vue d'ensemble sur les méthodes de über Verfahren zur Schichtdickenmessung (ISO

mesurage de l'épaisseur (ISO 3882:2003) 3882:2003)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 March 2003.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2003 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 3882:2003 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
EN ISO 3882:2003 (E)
CORRECTED 2003-07-16
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 3882:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 107

"Metallic and other inorganic coatings" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 262

"Metallic and other inorganic coatings", the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of

an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2003, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2003.
This document supersedes EN ISO 3882:1994.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of

the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and

the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 3882:2003 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 3882:2003 without any

modifications.

NOTE Normative references to International Standards are listed in Annex ZA (normative).

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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
EN ISO 3882:2003 (E)
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their relevant European publications

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other

publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the

publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of

any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by

amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to

applies (including amendments).

NOTE Where an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated

by (mod.), the relevant EN/HD applies.
Publication Year Title EN Year
ISO 1463 1982 Metallic and oxide coatings - EN ISO 1463 1994
Measurement of coating thickness -
Microscopical method
ISO 2064 1996 Metallic and other inorganic EN ISO 2064 2000
coatings - Definitions and
conventions concerning the
measurement of thickness
ISO 2177 1985 Metallic coatings - Measurement of EN ISO 2177 1994
coating thickness - Coulometric
method by anodic dissolution
ISO 2178 1982 Non-magnetic coatings on EN ISO 2178 1995
magnetic substrates -
Measurement of coating thickness -
Magnetic method
ISO 2360 1982 Non-conductive coatings on non- EN ISO 2360 1995
magnetic basis metals -
Measurement of coating thickness -
Eddy current method
ISO 2361 1982 Electrodeposited nickel coatings on EN ISO 2361 1995
magnetic and non-magnetic
substrates – Measurement of
coating thickness - Magnetic
method
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
EN ISO 3882:2003 (E)
ISO 3497 2000 Metallic coatings - Measurement of EN ISO 3497 2000
coating thickness - X-ray
spectrometric methods
ISO 3543 2000 Metallic and non-metallic coatings - EN ISO 3543 2000
Measurement of thickness - Beta
backscatter method
ISO 3868 1976 Metallic and other non-organic EN ISO 3868 1994
coatings - Measurement of coating
thicknesses - Fizeau multiple-beam
interferometry method
ISO 4518 1980 Metallic coatings - Measurement of EN ISO 4518 1995
coating thickness - Profilometric
method
ISO 9220 1988 Metallic coatings - Measurement of EN ISO 9220 1994
coating thickness - Scanning
electron microscope method
ISO 10111 2000 Metallic and other inorganic EN ISO 10111 2001
coatings - Measurement of mass
per unit area - Review of
gravimetric and chemical analysis
methods
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3882
Third edition
2003-04-15
Metallic and other inorganic coatings —
Review of methods of measurement of
thickness
Revêtements métalliques et autres revêtements inorganiques — Vue
d'ensemble sur les méthodes de mesurage de l'épaisseur
Reference number
ISO 3882:2003(E)
ISO 2003
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
ISO 3882:2003(E)
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ii © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
ISO 3882:2003(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Non-destructive methods..................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Split beam microscope (light section) method, ISO 2128................................................................. 2

4.2 Magnetic methods, ISO 2178 and ISO 2361........................................................................................ 2

4.3 Eddy current method, ISO 2360........................................................................................................... 3

4.4 X-ray spectrometric methods, ISO 3497............................................................................................. 3

4.5 Beta backscatter method, ISO 3543 .................................................................................................... 3

5 Destructive methods............................................................................................................................. 4

5.1 Microscopical (optical) method, ISO 1463.......................................................................................... 4

5.2 Fizeau multiple-beam interferometry method, ISO 3868................................................................... 4

5.3 Profilometric (stylus) method, ISO 4518............................................................................................. 4

5.4 Scanning electron microscope method, ISO 9220 ............................................................................ 4

5.5 Dissolution methods............................................................................................................................. 5

5.5.1 Coulometric method, ISO 2177............................................................................................................ 5

5.5.2 Gravimetric (strip and weigh) method, ISO 10111............................................................................. 5

5.5.3 Gravimetric (analytical) method, ISO 10111....................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
ISO 3882:2003(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 3882 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 107, Metallic and other inorganic coatings,

Subcommittee SC 2, Test methods.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 3882:1986), which has been technically

revised.
iv © ISO 2003 — All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
ISO 3882:2003(E)
Introduction

This International Standard summarizes the various methods used for the measurement of coating thickness

and describes their working principles. Methods of measuring coating thickness may be either destructive or

non-destructive (see Table 1). The information given in Table 2 will assist in the choice of typical instrumental

methods suitable for thickness measurements. For all instrumental methods, manufacturers’ instructions

should be followed.

The thickness ranges covered by the different methods depend on the coating materials, thickness of the

coating, substrates and instruments used (see Table 3); e.g., although X-ray spectrometry can be used to

measure the thickness of a chromium coating, thicknesses of 20 µm or more cannot be measured with

sufficient precision. Similarly, while magnetic methods may be used to measure the thickness of a gold

coating over a magnetic steel substrate, many magnetic instruments do not have the sensitivity to measure

accurately thicknesses of gold coatings less than 2 µm.

Where a referee method is required the appropriate coating specification should be consulted.

© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3882:2003(E)
Metallic and other inorganic coatings — Review of methods of
measurement of thickness
1 Scope

This International Standard reviews methods for measuring the thickness of metallic and other inorganic

coatings on both metallic and non-metallic substrates (see Tables 1, 2 and 3). It is limited to tests already

specified, or to be specified, in International Standards, and excludes certain tests that are used for special

applications.
Table 1 — Methods of measuring coating thickness
Non-destructive Destructive
Split beam microscope (light section) ISO 2128 Microscopical (optical) ISO 1463
Magnetic ISO 2178 Fizeau multiple-beam interferometry ISO 3868
and ISO 2361
Eddy current ISO 2360 Profilometric (stylus) ISO 4518
X-ray spectrometric ISO 3497 Scanning electron microscope ISO 9220
Beta backscatter ISO 3543 Dissolution methods:
Gravimetic strip and weigh method and
gravimetric analytical method ISO 10111
Coulometric method ISO 2177
Can be destructive in some applications.
Can be non-destructive in some applications.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 1463, Metallic and oxide coatings — Measurement of coating thickness — Microscopical method

ISO 2064, Metallic and other inorganic coatings — Definitions and conventions concerning the measurement

of thickness

ISO 2128, Anodizing of aluminium and its alloys — Determination of thickness of anodic oxide coatings —

Non-destructive measurement by split-beam microscope

ISO 2177, Metallic coatings — Measurement of coating thickness — Coulometric method by anodic dissolution

ISO 2178, Non-magnetic coatings on magnetic substrates — Measurement of coating thickness — Magnetic

method

ISO 2360, Non-conductive coatings on non-magnetic basis materials — Measurement of coating thickness —

Amplitude-sensitive eddy current method

ISO 2361, Electrodeposited nickel coatings on magnetic and non-magnetic substrates — Measurement of

coating thickness — Magnetic method
© ISO 2003 — All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 3882:2003
ISO 3882:2003(E)

ISO 3497, Metallic coatings — Measurement of coating thickness — X-ray spectrometric methods

ISO 3543, Metallic and non-metallic coatings — Measurement of thickness — Beta backscatter method

ISO 3868, Metallic and other non-organic coatings — Measurement of coating thicknesses — Fizeau-multiple

beam interferometry method

ISO 4518, Metallic coatings — Measurement of coating thickness — Profilometric method

ISO 9220, Metallic coatings — Measurement of coating thickness — Scanning electron microscope method

ISO 10111, Metallic and other inorganic coatings — Measurement of mass per unit area — Review of

gravimetric and chemical analysis methods
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 2064 apply.

4 Non-destructive methods
4.1 Split beam microscope (light section) method, ISO 2128

This equipment, originally designed for the measurement of surface roughness, is used for measuring the

thickness of transparent and translucent coatings, in particular, anodic oxide coatings on aluminium. A light

beam is projected on to the surface at an angle of 45°. Part of the beam is reflected from the surface of the

coating and the rest penetrates the coating and is reflected from the coating/metal substrate interface. The

distance that separates the two images observed in the eyepiece of the m
...

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