Safety of toys - Part 7: Finger paints - Requirements and test methods

This part of EN 71 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints and applies to finger paints only.
Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 7: Fingermalfarben - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieser Teil der EN 71 legt Anforderungen an die in Fingermalfarben verwendeten Stoffe und Materialien fest und gilt nur für Fingermalfarben.
Für Beschriftung, Kennzeichnung und Behälter sind zusätzliche Anforderungen festgelegt.

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 7: Peintures au doigt - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente partie de l'EN 71 fixe des exigences relatives aux substances et produits utilisés dans les peintures au doigt et s’applique uniquement aux peintures au doigt.
Des exigences complémentaires sont données pour le marquage, l'étiquetage et l'emballage.

Varnost igrač - 7. del: Prstne barve - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Standard EN 71-7 določa zahteve za snovi in materiale, ki se uporabljajo v prstnih barvah in veljajo samo za prstne barve. Dodatne zahteve so določene za označevanje, etiketiranje in embalažo.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
01-Apr-2014
Withdrawal Date
26-Sep-2017
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
27-Sep-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 71-7:2014
01-julij-2014
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 71-7:2003
9DUQRVWLJUDþGHO3UVWQHEDUYH=DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH
Safety of toys - Part 7: Finger paints - Requirements and test methods

Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Teil 7: Fingermalfarben - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 7: Peintures au doigt - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 71-7:2014
ICS:
97.200.50 ,JUDþH Toys
SIST EN 71-7:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 71-7:2014
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 71-7
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2014
ICS 97.200.50 Supersedes EN 71-7:2002
English Version
Safety of toys - Part 7: Finger paints - Requirements and test
methods

Sécurité des jouets - Partie 7: Peintures au doigt - Sicherheit von Spielzeug - Fingermalfarben - Teil 7:

Exigences et méthodes d'essai Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 February 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 71-7:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................7

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................7

4 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................8

4.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................8

4.2 Colourants ..............................................................................................................................................8

4.3 Preservatives ..........................................................................................................................................9

4.4 Migration of certain elements ...............................................................................................................9

4.5 Limits for impurities ..............................................................................................................................9

4.5.1 Limits for primary aromatic amines .....................................................................................................9

4.5.2 Limits for other impurities ................................................................................................................. 10

4.6 Taste and smell ................................................................................................................................... 10

4.7 pH-value ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.8 Binding agents, extenders, humectants and surfactants .............................................................. 11

4.9 N-Nitrosamines ................................................................................................................................... 11

4.10 Containers ........................................................................................................................................... 11

5 Product information............................................................................................................................ 11

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2 Marking ................................................................................................................................................ 11

5.2.1 Primary packaging .............................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.2 Container ............................................................................................................................................. 12

D.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 24

D.2 Reagents .............................................................................................................................................. 25

D.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................ 26

D.4 Instrumentation ................................................................................................................................... 26

D.5 Sampling procedure ........................................................................................................................... 26

D.6 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................ 26

D.7 Calculation ........................................................................................................................................... 35

D.8 Precision .............................................................................................................................................. 36

D.8.1 Linearity ............................................................................................................................................... 36

D.8.2 Limits of Detection (LOD) and Quantification (LOQ) ...................................................................... 36

D.8.3 Repeatability and reproducibility data for soluble aromatic amines ............................................ 37

D.8.4 Repeatability and reproducibility data for reductively cleaved aromatic amines ........................ 38

D.8.5 Recovery .............................................................................................................................................. 39

D.9 Report .................................................................................................................................................. 40

D.10 Additional Information ....................................................................................................................... 40

E.1 Principle ............................................................................................................................................... 41

E.2 Standards, reagents and solvents .................................................................................................... 41

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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)

E.3 Apparatus ............................................................................................................................................. 43

E.4 Instrumentation ................................................................................................................................... 43

E.5 Sampling............................................................................................................................................... 44

E.6 Procedure ............................................................................................................................................. 44

E.6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 44

E.6.2 Sample preparation ............................................................................................................................. 44

E.6.3 Solvent extraction ............................................................................................................................... 44

E.6.4 Solid phase extraction ........................................................................................................................ 45

E.6.5 Sample concentration for determining HCB and PCB congeners ................................................. 45

E.6.6 Sample concentration for determining B[α]P ................................................................................... 45

E.6.7 Gas chromatography conditions ....................................................................................................... 45

E.6.8 Mass spectrometry .............................................................................................................................. 46

E.6.9 SIM mode .............................................................................................................................................. 46

E.7 Calculation ........................................................................................................................................... 51

E.8 Precision............................................................................................................................................... 53

E.8.1 Linearity ................................................................................................................................................ 53

E.8.2 Limits of detection (LOD) and Quantification (LOQ) ....................................................................... 53

E.8.3 Repeatability and reproducibility data for HCB, PCB congeners and B[α]P ................................ 53

E.8.4 Recovery............................................................................................................................................... 54

E.9 Report ................................................................................................................................................... 54

E.10 Additional information ........................................................................................................................ 55

F.1 Finger paints (see 3.1 and 3.2) ........................................................................................................... 59

F.2 Colourants (see 4.2.1) ......................................................................................................................... 59

F.3 Preservatives (see 4.3) ........................................................................................................................ 59

F.4 Elements (see 4.4) ............................................................................................................................... 59

F.5 Primary aromatic amines (see 4.5.1.2, Tables 1 and 2 and Annex D) ............................................ 59

F.6 Limit for Benzo[α]Pyrene (see 4.5.2) ................................................................................................. 60

F.7 Embittering agents (see 4.6)............................................................................................................... 60

F.8 pH value (see 4.7) ................................................................................................................................ 60

F.9 N-Nitrosamines (see 4.9)..................................................................................................................... 60

F.10 Container (see 4.10) ............................................................................................................................ 60

F.11 Labelling phrases (see 5.2.1.2) .......................................................................................................... 61

F.12 List of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners (see Annex E) ............................................................ 61

F.13 Reference materials (see Annex D and E) ........................................................................................ 61

F.14 PCB Analytical Method (see E.6) ....................................................................................................... 61

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC ........................................................................................ 64

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 65

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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 71-7:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 52 “Safety of toys”, the

secretariat of which is held by DS.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2014 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2014.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 71-7:2002.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2009/48/EC.

For relationship with EU Directive 2009/48/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
EN 71, Safety of toys, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
— Part 2: Flammability
— Part 3: Migration of certain elements
— Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities
— Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets
— Part 7: Finger paints – Requirements and test methods
— Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use
— Part 9: Organic chemical compounds – Requirements
— Part 10: Organic chemical compounds – Sample preparation and extraction
— Part 11: Organic chemical compounds – Methods of analysis
— Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances
— Part 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games
— Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use

NOTE 1 In addition to the above parts of EN 71, the following guidance documents have been published: CEN Report,

CR 14379:2002, Classification of toys - Guidelines, CEN Technical Report CEN/TR 15071:2005, Safety of toys - National

translations of warnings and instructions for use in EN 71 and CEN/TR 15371:2013, Safety of toys - Replies to requests

for interpretation of EN 71-1, EN 71-2, and EN 71-8.

This part 7 of the EN 71 series is intended to be read in conjunction with EN 71, part 1.

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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
NOTE 2 Words in italics are defined in Clause 3 (Terms and definitions).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard contains requirements which are intended to reduce the risks to children when finger

paints are used as intended or in a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the behaviour of children. It is intended

to complete the essential safety requirements of Directive 2009/48/EC by providing special requirements for

finger paints.

It is recognized that finger paints when compared to other toy products present different risks because of the

intended use by fingers or hands and the age of the child. For example, prolonged skin contact or possible

ingestion of paint material cannot be ruled out. Therefore, the safety requirements outlined in other parts of

EN 71 needed to be expanded upon for finger paints. In order to address the risks associated with the use of

finger paints by children, this part of EN 71 contains requirements relating to preservatives as well as other

ingredients that may be used in the manufacture of finger paints and requirements relating to impurities,

migration of certain elements and other attributes.

Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number (CAS), European Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances

Number (EINECS) or Colour Index Number given in the tables are provided for information purposes only.

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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
1 Scope

This part of EN 71 specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints and applies

to finger paints only.
Additional requirements are specified for markings, labelling and containers.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references,

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 71-3, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements
EN 71-12, Safety of toys - Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances

EN ISO 787-9, General methods of test for pigments and extenders - Part 9: Determination of pH value of

aqueous suspension (ISO 787-9)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
finger paint

aqueous semi-solid or liquid, coloured mixture specially designed for children to apply directly to suitable

surfaces with the fingers and hands
3.2
colourant
pigment or dyestuff
Note 1 to entry: For definitions of pigment and dyestuff, see EN ISO 4618.
3.3
extender

material in granular or powder form, insoluble in the medium and used to modify or influence certain physical

properties
[SOURCE: EN ISO 4618:2006, 2.98]
3.4
humectant
substance that delays the drying process
3.5
binding agent

water soluble or miscible, non-volatile component that binds the paint to the surface to which it has been

applied
3.6
preservative
substance that prevents the growth of undesirable micro-organisms
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
3.7
surfactant
surface active substance
3.8
embittering agent
substance that gives the product a bitter taste
4 Requirements

NOTE The requirements of this standard apply to finger paints in the form used by the child. In the case of powdered

finger paints (for example to which water might be added before use) the requirements apply to the finger paint prepared

according to the manufacturer's instructions.
4.1 General

Finger paints shall not contain dangerous substances or mixtures in amounts which can harm the health of

children using them.

NOTE 1 For more information, see Directive 1999/45/EC [2] and Regulation No. (EC) 1272/2008 [1].

Finger paints shall not fulfil the criteria of any of the following hazard classes:

— “acute toxicity” (hazard class 3.1),
— “Skin corrosion/irritation” (hazard class 3.2),
— “Serious eye damage/eye irritation” (hazard class 3.3),
— “Respiratory or skin sensitisation” (hazard class 3.4),
— “Germ cell mutagenicity” (hazard class 3.5),
— “Carcinogenicity” (hazard class 3.6),
— “Reproductive toxicity” (hazard class 3.7),
— “Specific target organ toxicity — single exposure” (hazard class 3.8),
— “Specific target organ toxicity — repeated exposure” (hazard class 3.9),
— “Aspiration hazard” (hazard class 3.10).

NOTE 2 The classification is detailed in Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 [1] (Annex I, Part 3: Health Hazards).

4.2 Colourants

4.2.1 Only colourants and colouring materials which are not fulfilling the hazard criteria in 4.1 shall be used

in finger paints.

NOTE A non-exhaustive list of commonly used colourants, subject to meeting purity requirements, is given in

Annex A consisting of colourants falling in one or more of the following categories: Colourants permitted for use in food

and/or cosmetics and other pigments which meet the general requirements of 4.1.

4.2.2 Finger paints shall not contain azo colourants that by cleavage of one or more azo groups can

produce the primary aromatic amines listed in Tables 1 and 2 when tested in accordance with the test method

specified in Annex D.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
4.3 Preservatives

Finger paints shall be preserved using only the preservatives listed in Annex B. The determination of

preservatives shall be in accordance with the methods approved under EU Cosmetics Legislation, where

available (see Directive 82/434/EEC [6], Directive 83/514/EEC [7], Directive 85/490/EEC [8], Directive

93/73/EEC [9], Directive 95/32/EC [10], Directive 96/45/EC [11]). When tested in accordance with these

methods, the maximum concentrations specified in the column ”maximum allowed concentration” of Table B.1

and the limitations and requirements specified in the column ”Limitations and requirements” of Table B.1 shall

be observed.
4.4 Migration of certain elements

When tested in accordance with EN 71-3 the concentration of elements shall not exceed the limit values

specified in EN 71-3.
4.5 Limits for impurities
4.5.1 Limits for primary aromatic amines

4.5.1.1 The primary aromatic amines listed in Table 1 shall not be determinable when tested in accordance

with the test method in Annex D.
Table 1 — Primary aromatic amines
Primary aromatic amines CAS number
Benzidine 92–87–5
2-Naphthylamine 91–59–8
4-Chloro-2-methyl-aniline (4-Chloro-o-toluidine)
95–69–2
4-Aminobiphenyl 92–67–1

4.5.1.2 Finger paints shall not contain carcinogenic primary aromatic amines (see Table 2 for a non-

exhaustive list of relevant substances) in a total amount exceeding 20 mg/kg, with no individual primary

aromatic amine exceeding 10 mg/kg, when tested in accordance with Annex D. The limitation does not apply

to aromatic aminocarboxylic acids or aminosulfonic acids.
Table 2 — Other carcinogenic primary aromatic amines (non-exhaustive list)
Carcinogenic primary aromatic amine CAS number
o-Aminoazotoluene (4-o-tolyazo-o-toluidine) 97–56–3
2-Amino-4-nitro-toluene (5-Nitro-o-toluidine) 99–55–8
4-Chloroaniline 106–47–8
2,4-Diaminoanisole 615–05–4
4,4'-Diaminodiphenylmethane (4,4'-Methylenedianiline) 101–77–9
91–94–1
3.3'-Dichlorobenzidine
3,3'-Dimethoxybenzidine 119–90–4
3.3'-Dimethylbenzidine 119–93–7
3,3'-Dimethyl-4,4'-diaminodiphenylmethane 838–88–0
p-Cresidine (6-Methoxy-m-toluidine) 120–71–8
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
Carcinogenic primary aromatic amine CAS number
2,2’-Dichloro-4,4’-methylenedianiline 101–14–4
(4,4'-Methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline)
4,4'-Oxydianiline 101–80–4
4,4'-Thiodianiline 139–65–1
o-Toluidine 95–53–4
2,4-Xylidine 95–68–1
2,6-Xylidine 87–62–7
4-Amino-3-fluorophenol 399–95–1
6-Amino-2-ethoxynaphthalene 293733–21–8
2-Methoxyaniline (o-anisidine) 90–04–0
4-Aminoazobenzene 60–09–3
4-Methyl-m-phenylenediamine 95–80–7
(Toluene-2,4-diamine)
2,4,5-Trimethylaniline 137–17–7
Aniline 62–53–3
For certain pigments limit values for 3,3’-Dichlorobenzidine are given Annex A.
4.5.2 Limits for other impurities

Finger paints shall not contain the impurities specified in Table 3, column 1 above the limits specified in

column 2 when colourants specified in Table 3, column 3 are used, when tested in accordance with Annex E.

Table 3 — Impurities in finger paints
Impurity Limit Finger paints of concern
mg/kg
Polychlorinated 2 Finger paints containing
colourant products containing
biphenyls
chlorine or manufactured in
chlorinated solvents
Finger paints containing
Hexachlorobenzene 5
colourant products containing
chlorine or manufactured in
chlorinated solvents
Benzo (a) pyrene 0,05 Only for finger paints
containing carbon black
4.6 Taste and smell
Finger paints shall not be sweetened, flavoured or fragranced.

An embittering agent in accordance with the following list (see Table 4) shall be added in order to discourage

and minimize the ingestion of paint. The bitterness shall stay in the product during product lifetime.

The bitterness should be sensorically detectable in a dilution with water 1:100.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
Table 4 — Embittering agents
Embittering agent CAS number
Naringin CAS 10236–47–2
denatonium benzoate CAS 3734–33–6

NOTE The relative bitterness of these substances is approximately 1:3000 (naringin : denatonium benzoate). The

following levels have been found suitable: naringin 1 %; denatonium benzoate 0,0004 % (4 mg/kg).

4.7 pH-value

The pH-value of the finger paint shall be between 4,0 and 10,0 when tested in accordance with EN ISO 787-9.

4.8 Binding agents, extenders, humectants and surfactants

Only binding agents, extenders, humectants and surfactants which are not fulfilling the hazard criteria in 4.1

shall be used in finger paints.
NOTE 1 See Annex C for a list of compounds known to be commonly used.

NOTE 2 The classification is detailed in Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 [1] (Annex I, Part 3: Health Hazards).

4.9 N-Nitrosamines

When tested in accordance with EN 71-12 the concentration of N-nitrosamines shall not exceed the limit

values specified in EN 71-12.
4.10 Containers

The containers used for finger paints shall not possess a form, odour, colour, appearance, packaging,

labelling, volume or size, such that it is likely that consumers, especially children, will confuse them with

foodstuffs and in consequence place them or the finger paints in their mouths, or suck or ingest them.

5 Product information
5.1 General

Markings shall be clearly visible, easily legible, indelible, understandable and accurate. All markings shall be

in the national language(s) of the country(ies) of sale.
NOTE EN 71–1 contains further marking requirements.

If the container is also the primary packaging all information under 5.2.1 shall also be given on the container.

All information shall draw the attention of users or their supervisors to the inherent hazards and risks of harm

involved in using the finger paint and to the way of avoiding such hazards and risks.

5.2 Marking
5.2.1 Primary packaging

NOTE Primary packaging is referred to as consumer packaging in Directive 2009/48/EC or as outer packaging in

Regulation EC No. 1272/2008.
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SIST EN 71-7:2014
EN 71-7:2014 (E)
5.2.1.1 Manufacturer's identification

The primary packaging shall bear the name, trade name and/or trade mark and the address of the

manufacturer, his authorized representative or the importer.
5.2.1.2 Labelling phrases
The primary packaging shall carry the following warning:
“Warning. Children under 3 years of age should be supervised by adults.”

The word “Warning” may be followed by, e.g. an exclamation mark or other punctuation marks. The word

“Warning” may be written in capital letters.

Finger paints supplied in powder form shall additionally bear the following warning:

“Warning. Mix with water in accordance with the instructions before giving to a child.”

Finger paints supplied in powder form should bear instructions that indicate how
...

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