Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats to be worn

This part 3 of EN 13138 specifies safety requirements for design, sizing, materials, strength and in-water performance as well as provisions for marking and the information supplied by the manufacturer for swim seats. It also specifies the relevant test methods. This standard is not applicable to products covered by EN 13138 1 and −2.
This part 3 of EN 13138 applies only to devices into which the user is placed and which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated or a combination of both. It only applies to Class A devices intended to introduce the user to the range to the water environment. These devices are only intended for children aged up to 36 months with a body mass less than or equal to 18 kg. It does not apply to Class B or Class C devices, to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys.

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 3: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Schwimmsitze, die am Körper getragen werden

Dieser Teil 3 der EN 13138 legt für Schwimmsitze sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Gestaltung, Größe, Werkstoffe, Festigkeit und Verhalten im Wasser fest sowie Vorgaben für die Kennzeichnung und die Informationen, die vom Hersteller bereitgestellt werden. Er legt zudem die entsprechenden Prüfverfahren fest. Diese Norm gilt nicht für Produkte, die durch EN 13138 1 und EN 13138 2 abgedeckt werden.
Dieser Teil 3 der EN 13138 gilt ausschließlich für Auftriebshilfen, in die Benutzer gesetzt werden und die entweder einen Feststoffauftrieb besitzen oder aufgeblasen werden können oder beides. Er gilt nur für Auftriebshilfen der Klasse A, die dazu vorgesehen sind, den Benutzer mit den Bedingungen im Wasser vertraut zu machen. Diese Auftriebshilfen sind nur für Kinder bis zu einem Alter von 36 Monaten mit einem Körpergewicht bis 18 kg vorgesehen. Er gilt nicht für Auftriebshilfen der Klasse B oder der Klasse C, für Armzug-Trainingsgeräte, Schwimmringe, Rettungsringe, Schwimmhilfen, Rettungswesten oder Wasser¬spielzeuge.

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 3: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les sièges flottants devant être portés

La présente partie 3 de l’EN 13138 spécifie les exigences de sécurité relatives à la fabrication, à la taille, à la résistance et aux performances dans l’eau ainsi qu’au marquage et aux informations fournies par le fabricant des sièges flottants. Elle spécifie également les méthodes d’essai appropriées. La présente norme n’est pas applicable aux produits couverts par l’EN 13138-1 et l’EN 13138-2.
La présente partie 3 de l’EN 13138 s’applique uniquement aux dispositifs dans lesquels l’utilisateur est installé et qui sont dotés d’une flottabilité inhérente ou qui sont gonflables ou une combinaison des deux. Elle s’applique uniquement aux dispositifs de classe A destinés à se familiariser avec l’environnement marin. Ces dispositifs sont uniquement destinés aux enfants jusqu’à 36 mois d’une masse corporelle inférieure ou égale à 18 kg Elle ne s'applique pas aux dispositifs de type B ou de type C, aux bouées de traction (« pull-buoy »), aux bouées de natation, aux bouées de sauvetage, aux aides à la flottabilité, aux gilets de sauvetage ou aux jouets aquatiques.

Plavajoči pripomočki za učenje plavanja - 3. del: Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za plavajoče sedeže, ki se oblečejo

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve za zasnovo, velikost, materiale, moč in zmogljivost v vodi ter zahteve za označevanje in informacije o plavajočih sedežih, ki se oblečejo, ki jih zagotovi proizvajalec. Določa tudi ustrezne preskusne metode. Ta standard ne velja za izdelke, ki jih zajemata standarda EN 13138-1 in EN 13138-2.
Ta del standarda EN 13138 zajema plavajoče pripomočke razreda A, v katerih otroci sedijo. Ti pripomočki so namenjeni otrokom, mlajšim od 36 mesecev, s telesno težo 18 kg ali manj.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
02-Dec-2014
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
13-Oct-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 3: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Schwimmsitze, die am Körper getragen werdenAides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 3: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les sièges flottants devant être portésBuoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats to be worn13.340.70SULSRPRþNLLifejackets, buoyancy aids and floating devicesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13138-3:2014SIST EN 13138-3:2015en,fr,de01-februar-2015SIST EN 13138-3:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13138-3:20071DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13138-3:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13138-3
December 2014 ICS 13.340.70; 97.220.40 Supersedes EN 13138-3:2007English Version

Buoyant aids for swimming instruction - Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats to be worn

Aides à la flottabilité pour l'apprentissage de la natation - Partie 3: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai pour les sièges flottants devant être portés

Auftriebshilfen für das Schwimmenlernen - Teil 3: Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Schwimmsitze, die am Körper getragen werden This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 August 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13138-3:2014 ESIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................5 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................6 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................8 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9 4 Classification ....................................................................................................................................... 10 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 10 4.2 Categorization ..................................................................................................................................... 11 5 Safety requirements ........................................................................................................................... 11 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 11 5.2 Design .................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.2.1 Avoidance of similarities to aquatic toys ......................................................................................... 12 5.2.2 Innocuousness .................................................................................................................................... 12 5.2.3 Edges, corners and points ................................................................................................................. 12 5.2.4 Buckles, zippers and other fixings ................................................................................................... 12 5.2.5 Small parts ........................................................................................................................................... 13 5.2.6 Valves and stoppers ........................................................................................................................... 13 5.3 Sizing ................................................................................................................................................... 13 5.4 Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 13 5.4.1 Thread .................................................................................................................................................. 13 5.4.2 Resistance to puncturing ................................................................................................................... 14 5.4.3 Resistance of foam and other inherent buoyant material to water absorption ........................... 14 5.4.4 Resistance of foam and other inherent buoyant materials to compression ................................ 14 5.4.5 Migration of certain elements ............................................................................................................ 14 5.4.6 Resistance to chlorinated salt water ................................................................................................ 14 5.4.7 Material used for markings ................................................................................................................ 14 5.4.8 Resistance of the markings to perspiration ..................................................................................... 15 5.4.9 Adhesion of markings ........................................................................................................................ 15 5.5 Strength ............................................................................................................................................... 15 5.5.1 Strength of entire seat ........................................................................................................................ 15 5.5.2 Seam strength and durability of inflatable devices ......................................................................... 15 5.6 In-water performance ......................................................................................................................... 15 5.6.1 Residual buoyancy ............................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.2 Fit and positioning .............................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.3 In-water behaviour, static stability .................................................................................................... 16 5.6.4 In-water behaviour, static stability, capsizing under extreme condition (option 1 to 3) ............. 16 5.6.5 Escape from the swim seat (body entrapment, leg / foot entanglement) ..................................... 16 5.6.6 In-water behaviour, static stability retention of function ............................................................... 17 5.6.7 Swim seats with special seat designs .............................................................................................. 17 6 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 17 6.1 Enhanced conditioning ...................................................................................................................... 17 6.2 Test apparatus and procedure .......................................................................................................... 17 7 Warnings and markings ..................................................................................................................... 18 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 18 7.2 Warnings and markings on the product ........................................................................................... 18 7.3 Information supplied by the manufacturer ...................................................................................... 19 SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 3 7.4 Consumer information at the point of sale ....................................................................................... 19 Annex A (normative)

Test manikins I to III .................................................................................................... 21 A.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 21 A.2 Specifications ...................................................................................................................................... 22 A.3 Density of components ....................................................................................................................... 23 A.4 Centre of gravity .................................................................................................................................. 23 A.4.1 Location ................................................................................................................................................ 23 A.4.2 Calibration on land (dry) ..................................................................................................................... 23 A.4.3 Calibration in water (wet) .................................................................................................................... 24 A.4.4 Test manikins I ... III, variant: upright sitting manikin ..................................................................... 24 Annex B (normative)

Test procedures for swim seats ................................................................................ 26 B.1 Fit and positioning .............................................................................................................................. 26 B.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 26 B.1.2 In-water behaviour, static stability in calm water ............................................................................ 26 B.1.2.1 Static stability of inflatable swim seats ............................................................................................ 26 B.1.2.2 Static stability of swim seats made from inherent buoyant material, e.g. foam ........................... 27 B.1.3 Efficiency of residual buoyancy and retention of function ............................................................. 27 B.2 Self-righting test, options 1 to 3 ........................................................................................................ 28 B.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 28 B.2.2 Escape test........................................................................................................................................... 28 B.3 Strength of entire seat (weldings, sewings, straps etc.) ................................................................. 32 Annex C (normative)

Procedures for testing resistance of markings to saliva ........................................ 34 Annex D (normative)

Procedures for testing efficiency of valves of inflatable devices .......................... 35 Annex E (normative)

Security of the pressure release of buckles ............................................................. 36 Annex F (normative)

Procedures for testing non-objectively measurable features like donning, adjustability, retention of function, edges, corners and points by panel assessment ................ 37 F.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37 F.2 Assessment of risks ........................................................................................................................... 37 F.3 Guidance to panel assessment of complete device ........................................................................ 38 F.4 Re-assessment of instructions supplied with the device ............................................................... 39 Annex G (normative)

Test procedures for seam strength and durability of inflatable devices .............. 40 Annex H (normative)

Test procedures for determining the puncture resistance of inflatable devices ................................................................................................................................................. 41 Annex I (normative)

Test procedure for size of leg holes ........................................................................... 42 Annex J (normative)

Test procedure for seat depth adjustment of swim seats of sizes I; II; III related to equal height of centre of gravity ...................................................................................... 43 J.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 43 J.2 Testing .................................................................................................................................................. 45 J.2.1 Marking a reference point ................................................................................................................... 45 SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 4 J.2.2 Measurement ....................................................................................................................................... 45 Annex K (informative)

Significant technical changes between this document and the previous edition EN 13138-3:2007 ..................................................................................................................... 46

SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 13138-3:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2015 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13138-3:2007. Annex K provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition EN 13138-3:2007. This European Standard is one of a series consisting of three standards dealing with buoyant devices for swimming instructions for the various stages of the learning process. − EN 13138-1, Buoyant aids for swimming instructions – Part 1: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be worn − EN 13138-2, Buoyant aids for swimming instructions – Part 2: Safety requirements and test methods for buoyant aids to be held − EN 13138-3, Buoyant aids for swimming instructions – Part 3: Safety requirements and test methods for swim seats − prEN 13138-4, Buoyant aids for swimming instruction – Part 4: Test manikin for in water performance testing of buoyant aids to be worn According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 6 Introduction The entire process of learning to swim is considered to include two stages: — getting familiar with the water environment and movements in it; — acquiring skills in standard swimming strokes. Buoyant aids for swimming instructions (in brief: swimming device(s)) are intended to assist users (in particular children) to learn to swim. The design and purpose of the devices are related to the above stages. Swimming devices are intended to give the user positive buoyancy in the water while maintaining the correct body position for swimming. However, it should not be assumed that standard conformity of the devices will by itself eliminate the risk of drowning as this depends also on the behaviour of the user and any supervision. Although this European Standard sets performance requirements to ensure that swimming devices perform appropriately, it is essential that the devices are used correctly and under constant and close supervision. It is important to ensure that they are securely fitted to the appropriate size of user and that when correctly fitted, they cannot become displaced. Swim seats however should allow immediate escape in case of capsizing. Therefore the use of these devices is recommended to be restricted to water out of standing depth of the user. The highest degree of protection against drowning can only be achieved by using lifejackets. It is essential that there is a clear distinction between devices intended to preserve life and those which are intended only to assist buoyancy for the user when learning to swim. As swimming devices are not life preservers, they should only be used in swimming pools and other situations free from current, tides and waves. The bulk storage of some types of swimming devices could, under certain conditions, result in a potential fire hazard. The perceived risk of such a hazard was evaluated against the actual risk to the user from materials treated with certain known toxic fire retardant chemicals. However, the fire hazard is less of a problem to the user than the risk associated with the swimming devices being put in the mouth, especially by children. For this reason, flammability requirements do not apply to this European Standard. For the above reasons and to differentiate these devices from aquatic toys, advisory safety measures, including marking, warning notices and user instructions are included in this standard. The range both of the design and function of buoyant aids for swimming instruction varies considerably and for this reason, the standard for swimming devices has been prepared in three parts, namely devices that are intended to allow the user to become familiar with water (passive user), devices that are worn (active user) and those devices that are held by the user to improve swimming strokes. Part 1 of this European Standard is only for devices that are securely attached to the body (class B devices = for an active user). They are intended to introduce the user to the range of swimming strokes. Part 2 of this European Standard is for devices that are held either in the hands or by the body (class C devices = for an active user) and are intended to assist with improving specific elements of the swimming stroke. For adult beginners or more advanced users they can also be used for further stages of the process to learn to swim. Part 3 of this European Standard deals only with swim seats to assist children up to 36 months in their first attempts to learn to swim (i.e. to get familiar with the "in water environment" and moving through it). The child is positioned inside the buoyant structure, which provides buoyancy and lateral support to the body, thereby keeping the child's head above water level (class A devices = for a passive user). SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 7 Swim seats allow young children to experience the water environment and being moved through it. Movements of lower limbs and arms are possible. The use of swim seats does however not replicate any form of a correct swimming stroke. Swim seats complying with this standard provide a stable, floating position for a child sitting in the swim seat and avoids entrapment in case of capsizing. Children in swim seats do however require very close parental supervision. Overload beyond specified body weight, breaking waves and violent external forces are remaining risks that can cause capsizing. Use of these devices in water that is of the child’s standing depth will increase the risk of capsizing and will hinder or block the escape from the seat in case of emergency. Buoyant swimming aids should be only a class A or a class B or a class C device. SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 8 1 Scope This part 3 of EN 13138 specifies safety requirements for design, sizing, materials, strength and in-water performance as well as provisions for marking and the information supplied by the manufacturer for swim seats. It also specifies the relevant test methods. This standard is not applicable to products covered by EN 13138-1 and EN 13138−2. This part 3 of EN 13138 applies only to devices into which the user is placed and which have either inherent buoyancy or can be inflated or a combination of both. It only applies to Class A devices intended to introduce the user to the range to the water environment. These devices are only intended for children aged up to 36 months with a body mass less than or equal to 18 kg. It does not apply to Class B or Class C devices, to pull buoys, swim rings, lifebuoys, buoyancy aids, lifejackets or aquatic toys. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-1, Safety of toys — Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 15649-1:2009+A2:2013, Floating leisure articles for use on and in the water — Part 1: Classification, materials, general requirements and test methods EN 15649-2:2009+A2:2013, Floating leisure articles for use on and in the water — Part 2: Consumer information EN 20105-A02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour (ISO 105-A02) EN ISO 105-E03:2010, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E03: Colour fastness to chlorinated water (swimming-pool water) (ISO 105-E03:2010) EN ISO 105-E04, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (ISO 105-E04) EN ISO 105-X12, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part X12: Color fastness to rubbing (ISO 105-X12) EN ISO 3696:1995, Water for analytical laboratory use — Specification and test methods (ISO 3696:1987) EN ISO 12402-9:2006, Personal flotation devices — Part 9: Test methods (ISO 12402-9:2006) SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 9 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 buoyancy resultant upthrust of a swimming device when totally submerged in fresh water with its uppermost part just below the water surface 3.2 inherent buoyancy upthrust provided by material which is less dense than water or by sealed chambers that are not inflatable and are filled with air or gas 3.3 buoyant aid for swimming instruction (in brief ‘swimming device’) garment or device which when worn or held correctly will provide the buoyancy required to become familiar with movement through the water, assist with learning to swim or to improve swimming strokes 3.4 minimum buoyancy least buoyancy required by the standard 3.5 original buoyancy buoyancy provided by the complete device when first tested 3.6 class A device buoyant device in which the child is in contact with the water positioned inside the buoyant structure so that it will keep the passive user in a stable floating position where the base of the chin is at or above the surface of the water. This device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water environment 3.7 class B device buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to introduce the active user to the range of swimming strokes 3.8 class C device device intended to be held either in the hands or, by the body and to assist with swimming strokes and/or improving specific elements of the strokes 3.9 device to be worn device having either inherent buoyancy or may be inflated to provide buoyancy and which is securely attached to the body in such a way that it cannot be accidentally removed and so as to provide the user with buoyancy 3.10 device to be held device held either in the hands or by the body and provides buoyancy whilst it is being held by the user SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 10 3.11 conditioning process to which the complete device shall be submitted that includes immersion in chlorinated swimming pool water and storage in cold and hot conditions and comprising a number of cycles, to simulate the conditions to which the device is likely to be subjected in normal use and storage 3.12 component sub group of the entire device which contributes to either buoyancy, function or safety 3.13 swim seat buoyant device intended to introduce the user to the aquatic environment and to build water confidence as a pre-requisite to learning to swim. Swim seats provide safety for the user but do not guarantee protection against drowning Note 1 to entry: Swim seats are learning aids and should not be mistaken with aquatic toys as defined in EN 71–1. 3.14 swim seat system all integrated components (parts) of a swim seat which contribute to stable floating conditions and to safety during normal use or after an emergency capsizing 3.15 escape complete separation between the test dummy and the swim seat in case of a deliberate capsizing of the swim seat or swim seat system 3.16 assessment panel group of three people who are appointed by a test house, all of whom are experienced in assessing buoyant swimming devices 3.17 kick board buoyant device designed to be held in the hands or by the arms in order to support the body in the water to assist the user to improve swimming strokes 4 Classification 4.1 General Buoyant swimming devices shall be classified according to Table 1: SIST EN 13138-3:2015

EN 13138-3:2014 (E) 11 Table 1 — Classification of buoyant devices Class Description A Device in which the child is positioned inside the buoyant structure and is in contact with the water. This device is intended to allow the user to become familiar with the water environment and movement through it. The device will keep the passive user in a stable floating position so that the base of the chin is at or above the surface of the water. B Buoyant swimming device intended to be worn, to be securely attached to the body and to introduce the user to the range of swimming strokes. C Device intended to be held in the hands or by the body to assist with swimming strokes. 4.2 Categorization The requirements given in Table 2 were chosen to ensure compliance between swim seat sizes and manikin in all relevant test procedures. Table 2 — Values for categorization Age years Mass (equivalent to age)a Manikin ≤ 1 ≤ 11 kg I > 1 to 2 > 11 kg to 15 kg II > 2 to 3 > 15 kg to 18 kg III 5 Safety requirements 5.1 General Construction of a buoyant swimming device shall be such that it corresponds in terms of design, dimensions, safety, strength and durability for its intended use. The requirements set out were chosen to ensure compliance with these considerations. Where buoyant swimming devices are provided in several components, the requirements apply to each of the components as specified in the relevant paragraphs below. Buoyancy may be provided by inherent buoyancy materials, by inflatable chambers or by both. Where buoyancy is not inherent, devices shall have a minimum of two independent chambers safeguarding function and to allow the user to maintain the airway above water level at all times if one chamber fails. A device shall be only Class A or Class B or Class C. These products shall be manufactured in bright colours that are in contrast to the water sur

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