Algae and algae products - Terms and definitions

This document defines the terms related to functions, products, and properties of algae and algae products. In order to better pack the methodologies, algae are regarded as a functional group of organisms consisting of microalgae, macroalgae, cyanobacteria and Labyrinthulomycetes.

Algen und Algenprodukte - Begriffe

Dieses Dokument legt Begriffe fest, die sich auf Funktionen, Produkte und Eigenschaften von Algen und Algenprodukten beziehen. Um die Verfahrensweisen besser zusammenzuführen, werden Algen als eine funktionelle Gruppe von Organismen betrachtet, die aus Mikroalgen, Makroalgen, Cyanobakterien und Labyrinthulomyceten bestehen.

Algues et produits d'algues - Termes et définitions

Le présent document définit les termes liés aux fonctions, produits et propriétés des algues et produits d’algues. Pour mieux condenser les méthodologies, les algues sont considérées comme un groupe fonctionnel d’organismes composé des microalgues, des macroalgues, des cyanobactéries et des Labyrinthulomycètes.

Alge in izdelki iz alg - Izrazi in definicije

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
17-Mar-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
18-Mar-2020
Completion Date
18-Mar-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17399:2020
01-junij-2020
Alge in izdelki iz alg - Izrazi in definicije
Algae and algae products - Terms and definitions
Algen und Algenprodukte - Begriffe
Algues et produits d'algues - Termes et définitions
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17399:2020
ICS:
01.040.13 Okolje. Varovanje zdravja. Environment. Health
Varnost (Slovarji) protection. Safety
(Vocabularies)
13.020.55 Biološki izdelki Biobased products
SIST EN 17399:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020.55; 01.040.13
English Version
Algae and algae products - Terms and definitions

Algues et produits d'algues - Termes et définitions Algen und Algenprodukte - Begriffe

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 February 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17399:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography.................................................................................................................................................................. 11

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17399:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 454 “Algae and

algae products”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by September 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared by the experts of CEN/TC 454 'Algae and algae products'.

The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) was requested by the European Commission (EC) to

draft European standards or European standardization deliverables to support the implementation of

Article 3 of Directive 2009/28/EC for algae and algae-based products or intermediates.

This request, presented as Mandate M/547 , also contributes to the Communication on “Innovating for

Sustainable Growth: A Bio economy for Europe”.

The former working group CEN Technical Board Working Group 218 “Algae”, was created in 2016 to

develop a work programme as part of this Mandate. The technical committee CEN/TC 454 'Algae and

algae products' was established to carry out the work programme that will prepare a series of standards.

The interest in algae and algae-based products or intermediates has increased significantly in Europe as

a valuable source including but not limited to, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and several pigments.

These materials are suitable for use in a wide range of applications from food and feed purposes to other

sectors, such as textile, cosmetics, biopolymers, biofuel and fertilizer/biostimulants. Standardization was

identified as having an important role in order to promote the use of algae and algae products.

The work of CEN/TC 454 should improve the reliability of the supply chain, thereby improving the

confidence of industry and consumers in algae, which include macroalgae, microalgae, cyanobacteria,

Labyrinthulomycetes, algae-based products or intermediates and will promote and support

commercialisation of the European algae industry.

This document has been developed with the aim to cover the horizontal definitions for algae and algae-

based products or intermediates. Hence, other terms and definitions are given in the other standards

developed by CEN/TC 454 “Algae and algae products”.

For food, feed and non-food, non-feed applications additional definitions may exist in other product

specific standards.

Available at http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/mandates/index.cfm?fuseaction=refSearch.search#

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document defines the terms related to functions, products, and properties of algae and algae

products. In order to better pack the methodologies, algae are regarded as a functional group of

organisms consisting of microalgae, macroalgae, cyanobacteria and Labyrinthulomycetes.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
algae biorefinery

facility that integrates algae biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce a spectrum of bio-

based products (food, feed, chemicals, materials) and bioenergy (biofuels, power and/or heat)

[SOURCE: International Energy Agency Bioenergy. Task 42 – Biorefining in a Circular Economy.]

3.2
algae oil
glyceridic fraction of lipids derived from algae
3.3
algae strain

population of unicellular/pluricellular organisms of a single algae species, all descended from the

entirety/or a part of an organism or several organisms, being synonymous with a monoclonal culture and

a genetic representative of a single algae species
Note 1 to entry: This definition includes sexual and asexual reproduction.
3.4
amino acid

organic molecule that consist of a basic amino group (−NH ), an acidic carboxyl group (−COOH), and an

organic R group (or side chain) that is unique to each amino acid

Note 1 to entry: In this context the term amino acid is short for α-amino [alpha-amino] carboxylic acid. Each

molecule contains a central carbon atom, called the α-carbon, to which both an amino and

...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 17399:2020
01-junij-2020
Alge in proizvodi iz alg - Izrazi in definicije
Algae and algae products - Terms and definitions
Algen und Algenprodukte - Begriffe
Algues et produits d'algues - Termes et définitions
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 17399:2020
ICS:
01.040.13 Okolje. Varovanje zdravja. Environment. Health
Varnost (Slovarji) protection. Safety
(Vocabularies)
13.020.55 Biološki izdelki Biobased products
SIST EN 17399:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020.55; 01.040.13
English Version
Algae and algae products - Terms and definitions

Algues et produits d'algues - Termes et définitions Algen und Algenprodukte - Begriffe

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 February 2020.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 17399:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography.................................................................................................................................................................. 11

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 17399:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 454 “Algae and

algae products”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by September 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared by the experts of CEN/TC 454 'Algae and algae products'.

The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) was requested by the European Commission (EC) to

draft European standards or European standardization deliverables to support the implementation of

Article 3 of Directive 2009/28/EC for algae and algae-based products or intermediates.

This request, presented as Mandate M/547 , also contributes to the Communication on “Innovating for

Sustainable Growth: A Bio economy for Europe”.

The former working group CEN Technical Board Working Group 218 “Algae”, was created in 2016 to

develop a work programme as part of this Mandate. The technical committee CEN/TC 454 'Algae and

algae products' was established to carry out the work programme that will prepare a series of standards.

The interest in algae and algae-based products or intermediates has increased significantly in Europe as

a valuable source including but not limited to, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and several pigments.

These materials are suitable for use in a wide range of applications from food and feed purposes to other

sectors, such as textile, cosmetics, biopolymers, biofuel and fertilizer/biostimulants. Standardization was

identified as having an important role in order to promote the use of algae and algae products.

The work of CEN/TC 454 should improve the reliability of the supply chain, thereby improving the

confidence of industry and consumers in algae, which include macroalgae, microalgae, cyanobacteria,

Labyrinthulomycetes, algae-based products or intermediates and will promote and support

commercialisation of the European algae industry.

This document has been developed with the aim to cover the horizontal definitions for algae and algae-

based products or intermediates. Hence, other terms and definitions are given in the other standards

developed by CEN/TC 454 “Algae and algae products”.

For food, feed and non-food, non-feed applications additional definitions may exist in other product

specific standards.

Available at http://ec.europa.eu/growth/tools-databases/mandates/index.cfm?fuseaction=refSearch.search#

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 17399:2020
EN 17399:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document defines the terms related to functions, products, and properties of algae and algae

products. In order to better pack the methodologies, algae are regarded as a functional group of

organisms consisting of microalgae, macroalgae, cyanobacteria and Labyrinthulomycetes.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
algae biorefinery

facility that integrates algae biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce a spectrum of bio-

based products (food, feed, chemicals, materials) and bioenergy (biofuels, power and/or heat)

[SOURCE: International Energy Agency Bioenergy. Task 42 – Biorefining in a Circular Economy.]

3.2
algae oil
glyceridic fraction of lipids derived from algae
3.3
algae strain

population of unicellular/pluricellular organisms of a single algae species, all descended from the

entirety/or a part of an organism or several organisms, being synonymous with a monoclonal culture and

a genetic representative of a single algae species
Note 1 to entry: This definition includes sexual and asexual reproduction.
3.4
amino acid

organic molecule that consist of a basic amino group (−NH ), an acidic carboxyl group (−COOH), and an

organic R group (or side chain) that is unique to each amino acid

Note 1 to entry: In this context the term amino acid is short for α-amino [alpha-amino] carboxylic acid. Each

molecule contains a central carbon atom, called the α-carbon, to which both an amino an

...

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