Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of chemical and biological agents - Requirements and test methods (ISO 13137:2013)

ISO 13137:2013 specifies performance requirements for battery powered pumps used for personal sampling of chemical and biological agents in workplace air. It also specifies test methods in order to determine the performance characteristics of such pumps under prescribed laboratory conditions.
ISO 13137:2013 is applicable to battery powered pumps having a nominal volume flow rate above 10 ml ⋅ min−1, as used with combinations of sampler and collection substrate for sampling of gases, vapours, dusts, fumes, mists and fibres.
ISO 13137:2013 is primarily intended for flow-controlled pumps.

Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die personenbezogene Probenahme von chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO 13137:2013)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Leistungsanforderungen an batteriebetriebene Pumpen fest, die zur personen-bezogenen Probenahme von chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen in der Luft am Arbeitsplatz verwendet werden. Sie legt außerdem Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung von Leistungskenngrößen derartiger Pumpen unter festgelegten Laborbedingungen fest.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt für batteriebetriebene Pumpen mit einem Nennvolumenstrom von mehr als 10 ml ⋅ min-1, die in Kombination mit Sammlern und Sammelsubstraten zur Probenahme von Gasen, Dämpfen, Stäuben, Rauch, Nebel und Fasern verwendet werden.
Diese Internationale Norm gilt in erster Linie für Pumpen mit geregeltem Durchfluss.

Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques - Exigences et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13137:2013)

L'ISO 13137:2013 spécifie les exigences de performance relatives aux pompes autonomes utilisées pour le prélèvement individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques dans l'air des lieux de travail. Elle spécifie également des méthodes d'essai pour déterminer les caractéristiques de performance de ces pompes dans des conditions de laboratoire prescrites.
L'ISO 13137:2013 s'applique aux pompes autonomes ayant un débit volumique nominal supérieur à 10 ml⋅min−1 et utilisées avec des combinaisons de dispositif de prélèvement et de substrat de collecte pour le prélèvement de gaz, vapeurs, poussières, fumées, brouillards et fibres.
L'ISO 13137:2013 s'applique en premier lieu aux pompes à débit contrôlé.

Zrak na delovnem mestu - Črpalke za osebno vzorčenje kemičnih in bioloških agensov - Zahteve in preskusne metode (ISO 13137:2013)

Ta mednarodni standard podaja zahteve glede zmogljivosti črpalk z akumulatorskim napajanjem za osebno vzorčenje kemičnih in bioloških agensov v zraku na delovnem mestu. Podaja tudi preskusne metode za določevanje značilnosti glede zmogljivosti takšnih črpalk v predpisanih laboratorijskih pogojih. Ta mednarodni standard se uporablja za črpalke z akumulatorskim napajanjem s stopnjo nazivnega pretoka nad 10 ml min−1, pri uporabi s kombinacijami vzorčnika in substrata za zbiranje za vzorčenje plinov, hlapov, prahu, dimov, meglic in vlaken. Ta mednarodni standard je v prvi vrsti namenjen za črpalke z nadzorovanim pretokom.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Oct-2013
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
23-Oct-2013
Completion Date
23-Oct-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
01-julij-2014
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1232:1999
SIST EN 12919:2000
=UDNQDGHORYQHPPHVWXýUSDONH]DRVHEQRY]RUþHQMHNHPLþQLKLQELRORãNLK
DJHQVRY=DKWHYHLQSUHVNXVQHPHWRGH ,62
Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of chemical and biological
agents - Requirements and test methods (ISO 13137:2013)
Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die personenbezogene Probenahme von

chemischen und biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (ISO

13137:2013)

Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement individuel des agents chimiques et

biologiques - Exigences et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13137:2013)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 13137:2013
ICS:
13.040.30 Kakovost zraka na delovnem Workplace atmospheres
mestu
23.080 ýUSDONH Pumps
SIST EN ISO 13137:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 13137
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2013
ICS 13.040.30 Supersedes EN 1232:1997, EN 12919:1999
English Version
Workplace atmospheres - Pumps for personal sampling of
chemical and biological agents - Requirements and test
methods (ISO 13137:2013)

Air des lieux de travail - Pompes pour le prélèvement Arbeitsplatzatmosphäre - Pumpen für die

individuel des agents chimiques et biologiques - Exigences personenbezogene Probenahme von chemischen und

et méthodes d'essai (ISO 13137:2013) biologischen Arbeitsstoffen - Anforderungen und

Prüfverfahren (ISO 13137:2013)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 September 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 13137:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
EN ISO 13137:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
EN ISO 13137:2013 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 13137:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 146 "Air quality" in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 137 “Assessment of workplace exposure to chemical and

biological agents” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2014, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by April 2014.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1232:1997, EN 12919:1999.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 13137:2013 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 13137:2013 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 13137
First edition
2013-10-15
Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for
personal sampling of chemical and
biological agents — Requirements
and test methods
Air des lieux de travail — Pompes pour le prélèvement individuel des
agents chimiques et biologiques — Exigences et méthodes d’essai
Reference number
ISO 13137:2013(E)
ISO 2013
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Types of pump ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Requirements .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Features ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Mass .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.3 Design safety ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.4 Operating time......................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.5 Start-up and long-term performance .................................................................................................................................. 4

5.6 Short-term interruption of air flow ......... .............................................................................................................................. 4

5.7 Temperature dependence.............................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.8 Mechanical strength ........................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.9 Pulsation of flow rate (for type P pumps only) ........................................................................................................... 5

5.10 Flow rate stability under increasing pressure drop ............................................................................................... 5

5.11 Timer accuracy........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.12 Electromagnetic compatibility .................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.13 Explosion hazard ................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.1 Number of test objects ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Test instruments .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.3 Preconditioning and sequence of tests .............................................................................................................................. 7

6.4 Adjustment of volume flow rate and pressure drop ............................................................................................... 7

6.5 Test set-up and performance ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

7 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.1 Features ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.2 Mass .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.3 Design safety ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.4 Operating time......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

7.5 Start-up and long-term performance .................................................................................................................................. 8

7.6 Short-term interruption of air flow ......... .............................................................................................................................. 9

7.7 Temperature dependence...........................................................................................................................................................10

7.8 Mechanical strength ........................................................................................................................................................................11

7.9 Pulsation of flow rate (for type P pumps only) ........................................................................................................12

7.10 Flow rate stability under increasing pressure drop ............................................................................................14

7.11 Timer accuracy.....................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.12 Electromagnetic compatibility ...............................................................................................................................................15

7.13 Explosion hazard ................................................................................................................................................................................15

8 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

9 Instructions for use ........................................................................................................................................................................................16

10 Charger ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................16

10.1 Requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................................16

10.2 Testing .........................................................................................................................................................................................................16

11 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................17

Annex A (informative) Types of pump mechanism and control system
.......................................................................18

Annex B (informative) Internal sensors of sampling pumps ...................................................................................................21

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)

Annex C (informative) User tests for pumps and flow meters ................................................................................................23

Annex D (informative) Pressure drop due to collection substrates ..................................................................................26

Annex E (informative) Test instruments .......................................................................................................................................................30

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................31

iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2, www.iso.org/directives.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received, www.iso.org/patents.

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 146, Air quality, Subcommittee SC 2,

Workplace atmospheres.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
Introduction

Many different methods are used to determine the concentration of chemical and biological agents in

workplace air. Many of these methods involve the use of a pump and sampler connected by a flexible

tube. Air is drawn through the sampler and chemical and biological agents are trapped, e.g. on a filter,

sorbent tube or long-term detector tube, or in a gas washing bottle. In personal sampling, the pump and

sampler are attached to the worker so as to collect chemical and biological agents in the breathing zone.

The volume of air drawn by the pump during the sampling period is one of the quantities in the calculation

of the concentration of the chemical and biological agents in air. Therefore, the volume of air sampled

should be determined accurately and, in order to facilitate this, the flow rate should be maintained

within acceptable limits throughout the sampling period. For particle size selective sampling, the short-

term fluctuation of the flow rate should also be maintained within acceptable limits in order to ensure

that the sampler exhibits the required collection characteristics.
[1]

EN 482 specifies general performance criteria for methods for measuring the concentration of

chemical and biological agents in workplace air. These performance criteria include maximum values of

expanded uncertainty that are not to be exceeded under prescribed laboratory conditions. In addition,

the performance criteria should also be met under a wider variety of environmental influences,

representative of workplace conditions. The contribution of the sampling pump to measurement

uncertainty should be kept to a minimum.

This International Standard is intended to enable manufacturers and users of personal sampling pumps to

adopt a consistent approach to, and provide a framework for, the assessment of the specified performance

criteria. Manufacturers are urged to ensure that pumps meet the requirements laid down in this

International Standard, including environmental influences which can be expected to affect performance.

vi © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 13137:2013(E)
Workplace atmospheres — Pumps for personal sampling
of chemical and biological agents — Requirements and test
methods
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies performance requirements for battery powered pumps used for

personal sampling of chemical and biological agents in workplace air. It also specifies test methods in order

to determine the performance characteristics of such pumps under prescribed laboratory conditions.

This International Standard is applicable to battery powered pumps having a nominal volume flow rate

above 10 ml ⋅ min , as used with combinations of sampler and collection substrate for sampling of

gases, vapours, dusts, fumes, mists and fibres.
This International Standard is primarily intended for flow-controlled pumps.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document

and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60079-0, Explosive atmospheres — Part 0: Equipment — General requirements

IEC 61000-6-1, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-1: Generic standards — Immunity for

residential, commercial and light-industrial environments

IEC 61000-6-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards — Emission standard

for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
biological agent

bacteria, viruses, fungi and other micro-organisms or parts of them and their associated toxins, including

those which have been genetically modified, cell cultures or endoparasites which are potentially

hazardous to human health

Note 1 to entry: Dusts of organic origin, e.g. pollen, flour dust and wood dust, are not considered to be biological

agents and are therefore not covered by this definition.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.1.1]
3.2
chemical agent

any chemical element or compound on its own or admixed as it occurs in the natural state or as produced,

used, or released, including release as waste, by any work activity, whether or not produced intentionally

and whether or not placed on the market
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.1.2]
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
3.3
airborne particles
fine matter, in solid or liquid form, dispersed in air
Note 1 to entry: Smoke, fume, mist and fog consist of airborne particles.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.2.3]
3.4
air sampler
sampler
device for separating chemical and/or biological agents from the surrounding air

Note 1 to entry: Air samplers are generally designed for a particular purpose, e.g. for sampling gases and vapours

or for sampling airborne particles.

[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.1, modified — synonyms placed on separate lines]

3.5
personal sampler

sampler, attached to a person, that collects gases, vapours or airborne particles in the breathing zone to

determine exposure to chemical and/or biological agents
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.2]
3.6
personal sampling
process of (air) sampling carried out using a personal sampler
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.3.3]
3.7
breathing zone
space around the nose and mouth from which breath is taken

Note 1 to entry: Technically the breathing zone corresponds to a hemisphere (generally accepted to be 30 cm

in radius) extending in front of the human face, centred on the midpoint of a line joining the ears. The base of

the hemisphere is a plane through this line, the top of the head and the larynx. This technical description is not

applicable when respiratory protective equipment is used.
[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 2.4.5]
3.8
sorbent tube

device, usually made of metal or glass, containing a collection substrate such as a sorbent or a support

impregnated with reagent

Note 1 to entry: Some sorbent tubes are intended for use as active samplers and some as passive samplers.

[SOURCE: EN 1540:2011, definition 3.2.5]
3.9
pressure drop

difference between ambient pressure and the pressure at the inlet of the pump, for a

constant volume flow rate setting

Note 1 to entry: The pressure drop, sometimes referred to as back pressure, is measured across the sampler, the

collection substrate and the tubing.
3.10
flow-controlled pump

pump with nominally constant flow rate provided by an automatic flow control system

2 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
3.11
nominal flow rate range

range of volume flow rate values, adjustable at the pump, at which the manufacturer claims that the

pump can operate at a constant flow rate up to the maximum value of the required pressure drop range

for the operating time
3.12
operating time

period during which the pump can be operated at specified flow rate and pressure drop without

recharging or replacing the battery
3.13
pulsation
short-term relative variation of volume flow rate at a given flow rate
4 Types of pump
Sampling pumps are classified according to their intended use as follows:
— type P: pumps for personal sampling of airborne particles;
— type G: pumps for personal sampling of gases and vapours.

NOTE 1 Type P pumps can be used for personal sampling of gases and vapours as long as they comply with the

type G pump requirements.
NOTE 2 For types of pump mechanism and control system. see Annex A.
5 Requirements
5.1 Features
The pump shall have the following features:
a) an automatic control which keeps the volume flow rate nominally constant;

b) a means to reduce the likelihood of unintentional or unauthorized adjustment of any pump control,

such that it is concealed beneath a cover, can only be actuated with the aid of a tool or requires

specialized knowledge for operation;

c) either a malfunction indicator which, following completion of sampling, indicates that the air flow

has been reduced or interrupted during sampling, or an automatic cut-out which stops the pump if

the flow rate is reduced or interrupted;

d) a fuse or resettable breaker which interrupts the current in the electrical circuit of the pump in the

case of excessive current drain;

e) a filter which prevents particles from being drawn into the mechanism of the pump;

f) a means to secure the pump on a person (integrated or available as an accessory).

NOTE Some pumps use internal sensors to provide atmospheric, pressure and air flow data. Information on

the use of these sensors is given in Annex B.
5.2 Mass

The mass of the pump, including batteries and integral holders, shall not exceed 1,2 kg for sampling

pumps with a flow rate of less or equal than 5 l ⋅ min and 2,5 kg for sampling pumps with a flow rate

above 5 l ⋅ min .
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 13137:2014
ISO 13137:2013(E)
5.3 Design safety

The outer case of the pump shall be so designed that there are no sharp corners or other uncomfortable

protruding parts.
5.4 Operating time

The operating time shall be at least 1 h and should preferably be greater than 8 h. This applies to the

complete nominal flow rate range against the pressure drops as specified in Table 4 at (5 ± 2) °C.

NOTE The capacity of a battery increases with temperature. Therefore, the test is performed towards the

lower end of the temperature range in which the pump is likely to be used.

For the duration of the operating time, the flow rate shall not deviate by more than 5 % from the initial value.

The manufacturer shall report, in the instructions for use, the operating time at the specified pressure

drop according to 5.10 for the flow rates given in Table 1 at (5 ± 2) °C.
Table 1 — Flow rates for reporting by the manufacturer of the operating time
Nominal flow rate range Flow rate setting
Pump type
−1 −1
ml ⋅ min ml ⋅ min
2 000
≤5 000
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
Minimum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
>5 000
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
≤300
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
300
>300
Maximum value of the nominal flow
rate range of the pump
NOTE For regular user tests to maintain pumps and flow meters, see Annex C.
5.5 Start-up and long-term performance

During operation of the pump at (5 ± 2) °C and in the range from 20 °C to 25 °C, the flow rate shall not deviate

by more than 5 % from the value measured at the start of the determination of the long-term performance.

5.6 Short-term interruption of air flow

When the air flow is fully blocked, the pump shall cut out or the malfunction indicator activate. The

pum
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