Steel wire for mechanical springs - Part 2: Oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire

1.1   This European Standard applies to oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire made from unalloyed or alloyed steels. They are primarily subject to torsional stresses such as in coil springs for compression and extension and in special cases also for applications where the spring wire is subject to bending stresses such as lever springs.
As a rule unalloyed steels are used for applications at room temperature whereas alloyed steels are generally used at a temperature above room temperature. Alloyed steels may also be chosen for above average tensile strengths.
1.2   In addition to this European Standard, the general technical delivery requirements of EN 10021 are applicable.

Stahldraht für Federn - Teil 2: Ölschlussvergüteter Federstahldraht

1.1 Diese Europäische Norm gilt für ölschlussvergüteten Federstahldraht aus unlegierten oder legierten Stählen. Er wird vorwiegend auf Torsion beansprucht wie z. B. bei Schraubenfedern und in Sonderfällen auch für Anwendungen, bei denen der Federdraht auf Biegung beansprucht wird wie z. B. bei Schenkelfedern.
In der Regel werden unlegierte Stähle bei Raumtemperatur eingesetzt, während legierte Stähle im Allgemeinen bei Temperaturen oberhalb Raumtemperatur verwendet werden. Legierte Stähle können auch wegen überdurchschnittlicher Zugfestigkeit ausgewählt werden.
1.2 Zusätzlich zu dieser Europäischen Norm gelten die allgemeinen technischen Lieferbedingungen nach EN 10021.

Fils en acier pour ressorts mécaniques - Partie 2: Fils en acier trempés à l’huile et revenus

1.1 Cette norme européenne s’applique aux fils pour ressorts trempés à l’huile et revenus réalisés en aciers non alliés ou en aciers alliés. Les fils sont d’abord soumis à des contraintes de torsion comme c’est le cas pour les ressorts de compression et de traction et, dans certains cas particuliers, pour des applications où les fils pour ressorts sont soumis à des efforts de pliage, tels que les ressorts de forme.
En règle générale, les aciers non alliés sont utilisés pour des applications à température ambiante, alors que les aciers alliés sont généralement utilisés à une température plus élevée que la température ambiante. Les aciers alliés peuvent être également sélectionnés pour leur résistance à la traction plus élevée que la moyenne.
1.2 Les conditions générales techniques de livraison données dans l’EN 10021 s’ajoutent aux dispositions de cette présente norme européenne.

Jeklena žica za vzmeti - 2. del: V olju kaljena in popuščena jeklena žica za vzmeti

Ta evropski standard velja za v olju kaljeno in popuščeno jekleno žico za vzmeti, narejeno iz nelegiranega ali legiranega jekla. Nanje delujejo predvsem torzijske obremenitve, kot so v povratnih vzmeteh za stiskanje in raztegovanje in v posebnih primerih tudi za uporabe, pri katerih na žico vzmeti delujejo upogibne obremenitve, kot so vzvodne vzmeti. Praviloma se nelegirana jekla uporabljajo pri sobni temperaturi, legirana jekla pa se v splošnem uporabljajo pri temperaturah, višjih od sobne temperature. Legirana jekla se lahko izberejo tudi pri nadpovprečnih nateznih trdnostih. Poleg tega evropskega standarda veljajo splošne tehnične dobavne zahteve EN 10021.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Oct-2011
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
12-May-2016

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Stahldraht für Federn - Teil 2: Ölschlussvergüteter FederstahldrahtFils en acier pour ressorts mécaniques - Partie 2: Fils en acier trempés à l'huile et revenusSteel wire for mechanical springs - Part 2: Oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire77.140.65Jeklene žice, jeklene vrvi in verigeSteel wire, wire ropes and link chains77.140.25Vzmetna jeklaSpring steelsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 10270-2:2011SIST EN 10270-2:2012en01-januar-2012SIST EN 10270-2:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 10270-2:20021DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 10270-2:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 10270-2
October 2011 ICS 77.140.25 Supersedes EN 10270-2:2001English Version

Steel wire for mechanical springs - Part 2: Oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire

Fils en acier pour ressorts mécaniques - Partie 2: Fils en acier trempés à l'huile et revenus

Stahldraht für Federn - Teil 2: Ölschlussvergüteter Federstahldraht This European Standard was approved by CEN on 10 September 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 10270-2:2011: ESIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................31 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................42 Normative references ............................................................................................................................43 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................44 Classification ..........................................................................................................................................55 Information to be supplied by the purchaser .....................................................................................56 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................66.1 Form of delivery .....................................................................................................................................66.2 Surface finish .........................................................................................................................................66.3 Chemical composition ..........................................................................................................................66.4 Non metallic inclusions .........................................................................................................................66.5 Mechanical properties ...........................................................................................................................66.6 Technological properties ................................................................................................................... 126.7 Surface quality .................................................................................................................................... 126.8 Dimensions and dimensional tolerances ......................................................................................... 137 Testing and inspection ....................................................................................................................... 147.1 Inspection and inspection documents ............................................................................................. 147.2 Extent of testing for specific inspection .......................................................................................... 147.3 Sampling .............................................................................................................................................. 147.4 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 157.5 Retests ................................................................................................................................................. 168 Marking and packaging ...................................................................................................................... 16Annex A (informative)

Additional information ............................................................................................... 18A.1 Modulus of elasticity and shear modulus at room temperature .................................................... 18 SIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 10270-2:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee ECISS/TC 106 “Wire rod and wires”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by April 2012. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 10270-2:2001. This European Standard for steel wire for mechanical springs is composed of the following parts:  Part 1: Patented cold drawn unalloyed spring steel wire;  Part 2: Oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire;  Part 3: Stainless spring steel wire. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 4 1 Scope 1.1 This European Standard applies to oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire made from unalloyed or alloyed steels. They are primarily subject to torsional stresses such as in coil springs for compression and extension and in special cases also for applications where the spring wire is subject to bending stresses such as lever springs. As a rule unalloyed steels are used for applications at room temperature whereas alloyed steels are generally used at a temperature above room temperature. Alloyed steels may also be chosen for above average tensile strengths. 1.2 In addition to this European Standard, the general technical delivery requirements of EN 10021 are applicable. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 10021, General technical delivery conditions for steel products EN 10204:2004, Metallic products — Types of inspection documents EN 10218-1:2011, Steel wire and wire products — General — Part 1: Test methods EN 10218-2, Steel wire and wire products — General — Part 2: Wire dimensions and tolerances EN 10247, Micrographic examination of the non-metallic inclusion content of steels using standard pictures CEN/TR 10261, Iron and steel — Review of available methods of chemical analysis EN ISO 377, Steel and steel products — Location and preparation of samples and test pieces for mechanical testing (ISO 377:1997) EN ISO 3887, Steels — Determination of depth of decarburization (ISO 3887:2003) EN ISO 6892-1, Metallic materials — Tensile testing — Part 1: Method of test at room temperature (ISO 6892-1:2009) EN ISO 14284, Steel and iron — Sampling and preparation of samples for the determination of chemical composition (ISO 14284:1996)

ISO 7800, Metallic materials — Wire — Simple torsion test 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire wire that is heat treated in line in the following way: it is first transformed into austenite, quenched in oil or similar quenching medium, followed immediately by tempering by heating to the appropriate temperature SIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 5 4 Classification This standard deals with all types of hardened and tempered spring steel wire. The grade for normal applications made from unalloyed or alloyed steel has the abbreviation FD and is intended for static applications. Spring steel wire for medium fatigue levels, such as required for some clutch springs from unalloyed or alloyed steel, has the abbreviation TD. Spring steel wire from unalloyed steel or alloyed steel intended for use under severe dynamic duty such as for valve springs or other springs with similar requirements has the abbreviation VD. The diameter ranges for the various wire grades are shown in Table 1. Table 1 — Spring wire grades and diameter range Tensile strength Static Medium fatigue High fatique Low

tensile strength FDC TDC VDC Medium tensile strength FDCrV TDCrV VDCrV High tensile strength FDSiCr TDSiCr VDSiCr Very high tensile strength FDSiCrV TDSiCrV VDSiCrV Diameter range (mm) 0,50 to 17,00 0,50 to 10,00 0,50 to 10,00

Medium and high fatigue grades TD and VD are characterized by high steel cleanliness, specific chemical, mechanical and technological parameters and a well defined surface condition in relation to the allowable depth of surface defects and decarburization. The static grade FD is characterized by its chemical, mechanical and technological characteristics as well as by a specified surface condition concerning surface defects and decarburization. 5 Information to be supplied by the purchaser The purchaser shall clearly state in his enquiry or order the product and following information:

a) the desired quantity; b) the term spring steel wire or straightened and cut lengths; c) the number of this European standard: EN 10270-2; d) the steel grade (see Tables 1 and 2); e) the nominal wire diameter selected from Tables 4 or 5 and for cut length the length and the length tolerance class (see Table 9); f) the form of delivery and unit mass (see 6.1); g) the type of inspection document; h) any particular agreement. EXAMPLE 5 t oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire according to this standard, grade VDC,

nominal diameter 2,50 mm in coils of about 300 kg; inspection document 3.1 according to EN 10204:2004: SIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 6 5 t spring steel wire EN 10270-2 – VDC-2,50 in coils of about 300 kg; EN 10204:2004 – 3.1 6 Requirements 6.1 Form of delivery 6.1.1 Oil hardened and tempered wire shall be supplied in coils, on spools or in cut lengths. The wire in coils or on spools shall form one continuous length. Wire in coil may also be supplied on carriers containing one or more coils. For "VD" and "TD" grades no welds are permitted after the heat treatments preceding the final drawing operation; for "FD" grades no welds shall be made at finished size unless agreed otherwise between the parties. 6.1.2 The supplied wire units shall be tightly bound to ensure that wire spiral waps do not spring out unexpectedly. The starting end shall be marked and at the coil ends the wire shall be covered with a protective cap. 6.2 Surface finish The wire shall be protected against corrosion and mechanical damage. Unless otherwise specified the wire shall be delivered in slightly oiled condition. 6.3 Chemical composition The steel is characterized by the heat analysis which shall be in accordance with the values of Table 2. The permissible deviation of the product analysis from the limiting values of heat analysis shall be in accordance with Table 3. 6.4 Non metallic inclusions The "VD" grades shall be checked for maximum size of inclusion according to EN 10247. The allowable level of inclusions shall be agreed between the parties at the enquiry and order. 6.5 Mechanical properties For tensile strength Rm and reduction in area after fracture (Z) the wire grades shall satisfy the values listed in Tables 4 and 5. Reduction of area is measured only for size 1,00 mm and above (see Tables 4, 5 and 11). The range of the tensile strength values within a coil/reel shall not exceed 50 MPa for the grades "VD", 60 MPa for the grades "TD" and 70 MPa for the grades "FD". SIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 7 Table 2 — Chemical composition, % by mass Grade C Si Mn a P S Cu

Cr V
max.max.max.

VDC 0,60 to 0,75 0,15 to 0,30 0,50 to 1,00 0,020 0,020 0,06 -b - VDCrV 0,62 to 0,72 0,15 to 0,30 0,50 to 0,90 0,025 0,020 0,06 0,40 to 0,60 0,15 to 0,25 VDSiCr 0,50 to 0,60 1,20 to 1,60 0,50 to 0,90 0,025 0,020 0,06 0,50 to 0,80 - VDSiCrV 0,50 to 0,70 1,20 to 1,65 0,40 to 0,90 0,020 0,020 0,06 0,50 to 1,00 0,10 to 0,25 C TDC 0,60 to 0,75 0,10 to 0,35 0,50 to 1,20 0,020 0,020 0,10 -b - TDCrV 0,62 to 0,72 0,15 to 0,30 0,50 to 0,90 0,025 0,020 0,10 0,40 to 0,60 0,15 to 0,25 TDSiCr 0,50 to 0,60 1,20 to 1,60 0,50 to 0,90 0,025 0,020 0,10 0,50 to 0,80 - TDSiCrV 0,50 to 0,70 1,20 to 1,65 0,40 to 0,90 0,020 0,020 0,10 0,50 to 1,00 0,10 to 0,25 C FDC 0,60 to 0,75 0,10 to 0,35 0,50 to 1,20 0,030 0,025 0,12 -b - FDCrV 0,62 to 0,72 0,15 to 0,30 0,50 to 0,90 0,030 0,025 0,12 0,40 to 0,60 0,15 to 0,25 FDSiCr 0,50 to 0,60 1,20 to 1,60 0,50 to 0,90 0,030 0,025 0,12 0,50 to 0,80 - FDSiCrV 0,50 to 0,70 1,20 to 1,65 0,40 to 0,90 0,030 0,025 0,12 0,50 to 1,00 0,10 to 0,25 a Manganese may be ordered with restricted range, but with a minimum range of 0,20 %. b For heavy wire diameter (above 8,5 mm) chromium may be added up to 0,30 % for proper through hardening. C For medium and high fatigue grades the range of vanadium content can be limited to 0,05 % to 0,15 %

Table 3 — Permissible deviation of the product analysis from the limiting values for the heat analysis Chemical element Wire grade Permissible deviation

% by mass C All ± 0,03 Si SiCr, SiCrV ± 0,05

other grades ± 0,03 Mn All ± 0,04 P All + 0,005 S All + 0,005 Cu All + 0,02 Cr All ± 0,05 V All ± 0,02

SIST EN 10270-2:2012

EN 10270-2:2011 (E) 8 Table 4 — Mechanical and technological properties and quality requirements for wire grades FDC, FDCrV, FDSiCr and FDSiCrV 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Nominal wire diameter Permissible deviations Tensile strength Rm Minimum reduction in area after fracture Z

Minimum number of twists in the torsion test Nt a FDCb FDCrVb FDSiCrb FDSiCrVb FDC FDCrV FDSiCr FDSiCrV FDC FDCrV FDSiCr FDSiCrV mm mm MPa MPa MPa MPa % % % %

d = 0,50
1 900 to 2 100 2 000 to 2 200 2 100 to 2 300 2 280 to 2 430

_ _ _ _ 0,50 < d ≤ 0,60 ± 0,010 1 900 to 2 100 2 000 to 2 200 2 100 to 2 300 2 280 to 2 430 _ _ _ _

0,60 < d ≤ 0,80
1 900 to 2 100 2 000 to 2 200 2 100 to 2 300 2 280 to 2 430

0,80 < d ≤ 1,00 ± 0,015 1 860 to 2 060 1 960 to 2 160 2 100 to 2 300 2 280 to 2 430

1,00 < d ≤ 1,30
1 810 to 2 010 1 900 to 2 100 2 070 to 2 260 2 280 to 2 430

1,30 < d ≤ 1,40 ± 0,020 1 790 to 1 970 1 870 to 2 070 2 060 to 2 250 2 260 to 2 410

1,40 < d ≤ 1,60
1 760 to 1 940 1 840 to 2 030 2 040 to 2 220 2 260 to 2 410
1,60 < d ≤ 2,00
1 720 to 1 890 1 790 to 1 970 2 000 to
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
01-september-2008

-HNOHQDåLFD]DY]PHWLGHO9ROMXNDOMHQDLQSRSXãþHQDMHNOHQDåLFD]DY]PHWL

Steel wire for mechanical springs - Part 2: Oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire

Stahldraht für Federn - Teil 2: Ölschlussvergüteter Federstahldraht

Fils en acier pour ressorts mécaniques - Partie 2: Fils en acier trempés à l'huile et

revenus
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 10270-2
ICS:
77.140.25 Vzmetna jekla Spring steels
77.140.65 Jeklene žice, jeklene vrvi in Steel wire, wire ropes and
verige link chains
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 10270-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
June 2008
ICS 77.140.25 Will supersede EN 10270-2:2001
English Version
Steel wire for mechanical springs - Part 2: Oil hardened and
tempered spring steel wire

Fils en acier pour ressorts mécaniques - Partie 2: Fils en Stahldraht für Federn - Teil 2: Ölschlussvergüteter

acier trempés à l'huile et revenus Federstahldraht

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee ECISS/TC 30.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 10270-2:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................4

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................4

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................4

4 Classification and designation.............................................................................................................5

4.1 Classification..........................................................................................................................................5

4.2 Designation............................................................................................................................................5

5 Information to be supplied by the purchaser .....................................................................................6

6 Requirements.........................................................................................................................................6

6.1 Form of delivery.....................................................................................................................................6

6.2 Surface finish.........................................................................................................................................6

6.3 Chemical composition..........................................................................................................................6

6.4 Non metallic inclusions.........................................................................................................................7

6.5 Mechanical properties...........................................................................................................................7

6.6 Technological properties....................................................................................................................12

6.7 Surface quality.....................................................................................................................................12

6.8 Dimensions and dimensional tolerances.........................................................................................13

7 Testing and inspection........................................................................................................................14

7.1 Inspection and inspection documents ..............................................................................................14

7.2 Extent of testing for specific inspection ...........................................................................................14

7.3 Sampling...............................................................................................................................................14

7.4 Test methods........................................................................................................................................15

7.5 Retests..................................................................................................................................................16

8 Marking and packaging.......................................................................................................................16

Annex A (informative) Additional information................................................................................................18

A.1 Modulus of elasticity and shear modulus at room temperature.....................................................18

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 10270-2:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee ECISS/TC 30 “Steel wires”,

the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 10270-2:2001.

This European Standard for steel wire for mechanical springs is composed of the following parts:

 Part 1: Patented cold drawn unalloyed spring steel wire
 Part 2: Oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire
 Part 3: Stainless spring steel wire
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)
1 Scope

1.1 This Part of EN 10270 applies to oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire made from unalloyed or

alloyed steels. They are primarily subject to torsional stresses such as in compression and extension springs

and in special cases also for applications where the spring wire is subject to bending stresses such as lever

springs.

As a rule unalloyed steels are used for applications at room temperature whereas alloyed steels are generally

used at a temperature above room temperature. Alloyed steels may also be chosen for above average tensile

strengths.

1.2 In addition to this part of EN 10270 the general technical delivery requirements of EN 10021 are

applicable.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 10002-1, Metallic materials — Tensile test — Part 1: Method of test at ambient temperature.

EN 10021, General technical delivery requirements for steel products.
EN 10204, Metallic products — Types of inspection documents.
EN 10218-1, Steel wire and wire products — General — Part 1: Test methods.

EN 10218-2, Steel wire and wire products — General — Part 2: Wire dimensions and tolerances.

ENV 10247, Micrographic examination of the non-metallic inclusion content of steels using standard pictures.

CR 10261, Iron and steel — Review of available methods of chemical analysis.

EN ISO 377, Steel and steel products — Location and preparation of samples and test pieces for mechanical

testing.

EN ISO 14284, Steel and iron — Sampling and preparation of samples for the determination of chemical

composition (ISO 14284:1996).
EN ISO 3887, Steels — Determination of depth of decarburization.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
oil hardened and tempered spring steel wire

wire that is heat treated in line in the following way: it is first transformed into austenite, quenched in oil or

similar quenching medium, followed immediately by tempering by heating to the appropriate temperature

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)
4 Classification and designation
4.1 Classification

This standard deals with all types of hardened and tempered spring steel wire. The grade for normal

applications made from unalloyed or alloyed steel has the abbreviation FD and is intended for static

applications.

Spring steel wire for medium fatigue levels, such as required for some clutch springs from unalloyed or alloyed

steel, has the abbreviation TD.

Spring steel wire from unalloyed steel or alloyed steel intended for use under severe dynamic duty such as for

valve springs or other springs with similar requirements has the abbreviation VD.

The diameter ranges for the various wire grades are shown in Table 1.
Table 1 — Spring wire grades
Tensile strength Static Medium fatigue High fatique
Low tensile strength FDC TDC VDC
Medium tensile strength FDCrV TDCrV VDCrV
High tensile strength FDSiCr TDSiCr VDSiCr
Very high tensile strength FDSiCrV TDSiCrV VDSiCrV
Diameter range (mm) 0,50 - 17,00 0,50 - 10,00 0,50 - 10,00

Medium and high fatigue grades TD and VD are characterized by high steel cleanliness, specific chemical,

mechanical and technological parameters and a well defined surface condition in relation to the allowable

depth of surface defects and decarburization.

The static grade FD is characterized by its chemical, mechanical and technological characteristics as well as

by a specified surface condition concerning surface defects and decarburization.
4.2 Designation

For products supplied according to this standard the designation shall state the following in the following

order:
 the term: spring wire;
 the number of this European Standard: EN 10270-2;
 the abbreviation for the wire grade (see Table 1);
 the required nominal diameter selected from Table 4 or Table 5;

EXAMPLE Standard designation of an oil hardened and tempered steel spring wire according to this standard of wire

grade VDC with a nominal diameter of 2,50 mm:
Spring wire EN 10270-2 - VDC - 2,50.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)
5 Information to be supplied by the purchaser

The purchaser shall clearly state in his enquiry or order the product and following information:

a) the desired quantity;
b) the number of this European Standard: EN 10270-2;
c) wire grade (see 4.1);
d) the nominal wire diameter;
e) the form of delivery and unit mass;
f) the type of inspection document;
g) any particular agreement made.
EXAMPLE 5 t spring wire EN 10270-2 - VDC - 2,50
in coils of about 300 kg
inspection document EN 10204 - 3.1.B.
6 Requirements
6.1 Form of delivery

6.1.1 Oil hardened and tempered wire shall be supplied in coils, on spools or in cut lengths. The wire in

coils or on spools shall form one continuous length. Wire in coil may also be supplied on carriers containing

one or more coils.

For "VD" and "TD" grades no welds are permitted after the heat treatments preceding the final drawing

operation; for "FD" grades no welds shall be made at finished size unless agreed otherwise between the

parties.

6.1.2 The supplied wire units shall be tightly bound to ensure that wire spiral waps do not spring out

unforeseen. The starting end shall be marked and at the coil ends the wire shall be covered with a protective

cap.
6.2 Surface finish

The wire shall be protected against corrosion and mechanical damage. Unless otherwise specified the wire

shall be delivered in slightly oiled condition.
6.3 Chemical composition

The steel is characterized by the heat analysis which shall be in accordance with the values of Table 2. The

permissible deviation of the product analysis from the limiting values of heat analysis shall be in accordance

with Table 3.
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oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)
6.4 Non metallic inclusions

The "VD" grades shall be checked for maximum size of inclusion according to ENV 10247. The allowable level

of inclusions shall be agreed between the parties at the enquiry and order.
6.5 Mechanical properties

For tensile strength R and reduction in area after fracture (Z) the wire grades shall satisfy the values listed in

Tables 4 and 5. Reduction of area is measured only for size 1,00 mm and above (see Tables 4, 5 and 11).

The range of the tensile strength values within a coil/reel shall not exceed 50 MPa for the grades "VD",

60 MPa for the grades "TD" and 70 MPa for the grades "FD".
Table 2 — Chemical composition, % by mass
Grade C Si P S Cu Cr V
max. max. max.
VDC 0,60-0,75 0,15-0,30 0,50-1,00 0,020 0,020 0,06
VDCrV 0,62-0,72 0,15-0,30 0,50-0,90 0,025 0,020 0,06 0,40-0,60 0,15-0,25
VDSiCr 0,50-0,60 1,20-1,60 0,50-0,90 0,025 0,020 0,06 0,50-0,80
VDSiCrV 0,50-0,70 1,20-1,65 0,40-0,80 0,020 0,020 0,06 0,50-1,00 0,10-0,25
TDC 0,60-0,75 0,10-0,35 0,50-1,20 0,020 0,020 0,10
TDCrV 0,62-0,72 0,15-0,30 0,50-0,90 0,025 0,020 0,10 0,40-0,60 0,15-0,25
TDSiCr 0,50-0,60 1,20-1,60 0,50-0,90 0,025 0,020 0,10 0,50-0,80
TDSiCrV 0,50-0,70 1,20-1,65 0,40-0,80 0,020 0,020 0,10 0,50-1,00 0,10-0,25
FDC 0,60-0,75 0,10-0,35 0,50-1,20 0,030 0,025 0,12
FDCrV 0,62-0,72 0,15-0,30 0,50-0,90 0,030 0,025 0,12 0,40-0,60 0,15-0,25
FDSiCr 0,50-0,60 1,20-1,60 0,50-0,90 0,030 0,025 0,12 0,50-0,80
FDSiCrV 0,50-0,70 1,20-1,65 0,40-0,80 0,030 0,025 0,12 0,50-1,00 0,10-0,25

Manganese may be ordered with restricted range, but with a minimum range of 0,20 %.

For heavy wire diameter (above 8,5 mm) chromium may be added up to 0,30 % for proper through hardening.

Table 3 — Permissible deviation of the product analysis from the limiting values for the heat analysis

Chemical element Wire grade Permissible deviation
% by mass
C All
± 0,03
Si SiCr, SiCrV ± 0,05
other grades
± 0,03
Mn All ± 0,04
P All + 0,005
S All + 0,005
Cu All + 0,02
Cr All
± 0,05
V All ± 0,02
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oSIST prEN 10270-2:2008
prEN 10270-2:2008 (E)

Table 4 — Mechanical and technological properties and quality requirements for wire grades FDC, FDCrV, FDSiCr and FDSiCrV

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Tensile strength R Minimum reduction in area after fracture Z for wire grades Minimum number of torsions for wire grades

Nominal wire Permissible m
b b b b
diameter deviations
FDC FDCrV FDSiCr FDSiCrV FDC FDCrV FDSiCr FDSiCrV FDC FDCrV FDSiCr FDSiCrV
mm mm MPa MPa MPa MPa % % % %
d = 0,50
1900 to 2000 to 2100 to _ _ _ _
2100 2200 2300
0,50 < d ≤ ± 0,010 1900 to 2000 to 2100 to _ _ _ _ _
0,60 2100 2200 2300
0,60 < d ≤ 1900 to 2000 to 2100 to
0,80 2100 2200 2300
0,80 < d ≤ ± 0,015 1860 to 1960 to 2100 to
1,00 2060 2160 2300
1,00 < d ≤ 1810 to 1900 to 2070 to 2150 to
1,30 2010 2100 2260 2290
1,30 < d ± 0,020 1790 to 1870 to 2060 to 2140 to
≤ 1,40 1970 2070 2250 2280
1,40 < d 1760 to 1840 to 2040 to 2130 to
≤ 1,60 1940 2030 2220 2270
1,60 < d ≤ 1720 to 1790 to 2000 to 2130 to To be agreed To be To be To be
2,00 1890 1970 2180 2270 agreed agreed agreed

2,00 < d ≤ ± 0,025 1670 to 1750 to 1970 to 2090 to 45 45 45 45 upon upon upon upon

2,50 1820 1900 2140 2230
2,50 < d 1640 to 1720 to 1950 to 2090 to
≤ 2,70 1790 1870 2120 2230
2,70 < d 1620 to 1700 to 1930 to 2090 to
≤ 3,00 1770 1850 2100 2230
3,00 < d ≤ ± 0,030 1600 to 1680 to 1910 to 2080 to
3,20 1750 1830 2080 2220
3,20 < d ≤ 1580 to 1660 to 1900 to 2060 to 42 42 42 42
3,50 1730 1810 2060 2200
3,50 < d ≤ 1550 to 1620 to 1870 to 2060 to
4,00 1700 1770 2030 2200
"to be concluded"
...

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