Guidance for the selection, use and maintenance of safety, protective and occupational footwear (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

ISO/TR 18690:2006 provides guidance for selection, use and maintenance of safety, protective and occupational footwear for professional use. It is designed for footwear manufacturers, suppliers, employers and self employed people, safety engineers and users. ISO/TR 18690:2006 also provides guidance for preparing national guidance in this area.

Empfehlungen für Auswahl, Einsatz und Instandhaltung für Sicherheits-, Schutz- und Berufsschuhe (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

Lignes directrices pour la sélection, l'utilisation et l'entretien des chaussures de protection d'usage professionnel (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

L'ISO/TR 18690:2006 fournit des lignes directrices pour la sélection, l'utilisation et l'entretien des chaussures de sécurité, de protection et de travail d'usage professionnel. Il est conçu pour les fabricants, fournisseurs, employeurs, travailleurs indépendants, ingénieurs en sécurité du travail et utilisateurs de chaussures. L'ISO/TR 18690:2006 fournit également des lignes directrices pour l'élaboration de recommandations nationales dans ce domaine.

Navodila za izbiro, uporabo in vzdrževanje zaščitne, varovalne in delovne obutve (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
28-Feb-2006
Withdrawal Date
18-Dec-2012
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
19-Dec-2012
Completion Date
19-Dec-2012

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
01-maj-2006
1DYRGLOD]DL]ELURXSRUDERLQY]GUåHYDQMH]DãþLWQHYDURYDOQHLQGHORYQHREXWYH
,6275

Guidance for the selection, use and maintenance of safety, protective and occupational

footwear (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

Empfehlungen für Auswahl, Einsatz und Instandhaltung für Sicherheits-, Schutz- und

Berufsschuhe (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

Lignes directrices pour la sélection, l'utilisation et l'entretien des chaussures de

protection d'usage professionnel (ISO/TR 18690:2006)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ICS:
13.340.50 Varovanje nog in stopal Leg and foot protection
SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
TECHNICAL REPORT
CEN ISO/TR 18690
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
March 2006
ICS 13.340.50
English Version
Guidance for the selection, use and maintenance of safety,
protective and occupational footwear (ISO/TR 18690:2006)

Lignes directrices pour la sélection, l'utilisation et l'entretien Empfehlungen für Auswahl, Einsatz und Instandhaltung für

des chaussures de protection d'usage professionnel Sicherheits-, Schutz- und Berufsschuhe (ISO/TR

(ISO/TR 18690:2006) 18690:2006)

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 7 February 2006. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 161.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006 (E)
Foreword
This document (CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee

CEN/TC 161 "Foot and leg protectors", the secretariat of which is held by BSI, in collaboration

with Technical Committee ISO/TC 94 "Personal safety - Protective clothing and equipment".

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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 18690
First edition
2006-03-01
Guidance for the selection, use and
maintenance of safety, protective
and occupational footwear
Lignes directrices pour la sélection, l'utilisation et l'entretien des
chaussures de protection d'usage professionnel
Reference number
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
ISO 2006
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
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© ISO 2006

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Design, construction and classification............................................................................................. 1

5 Marking of categories........................................................................................................................... 3

5.1 Safety footwear for professional use.................................................................................................. 3

5.2 Protective footwear for professional use........................................................................................... 5

5.3 Occupational footwear for professional use ..................................................................................... 6

5.4 Other markings ..................................................................................................................................... 7

6 Selection of professional footwear..................................................................................................... 7

6.1 Risk assessment................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Ergonomic features .............................................................................................................................. 9

7 Use of professional footwear ............................................................................................................ 10

7.1 Mechanical hazards............................................................................................................................ 10

7.2 Chemical and microbiological hazards ............................................................................................11

7.3 Electrical hazards ............................................................................................................................... 11

7.4 Risks of inimical environment (hot and cold).................................................................................. 12

7.5 Dry and warm conditions................................................................................................................... 13

7.6 Wet conditions .................................................................................................................................... 13

7.7 Job-related footwear........................................................................................................................... 13

7.8 Special types of footwear .................................................................................................................. 15

8 Maintenance of professional footwear ............................................................................................. 15

8.1 Tests..................................................................................................................................................... 15

8.2 Cleaning and care............................................................................................................................... 18

8.3 Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................ 18

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 19

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

In exceptional circumstances, when a technical committee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example), it may decide by a

simple majority vote of its participating members to publish a Technical Report. A Technical Report is entirely

informative in nature and does not have to be reviewed until the data it provides are considered to be no

longer valid or useful.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO/TR 18690 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 94, Personal safety — Protective clothing and

equipment, Subcommittee SC 3, Foot protection.
iv © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Guidance for the selection, use and maintenance of safety,
protective and occupational footwear
1 Scope

This Technical Report provides guidance for selection, use and maintenance of safety, protective and

occupational footwear for professional use. It is designed for footwear manufacturers, suppliers, employers

and self-employed people, safety engineers and users. This Technical Report also provides guidance for

preparing national guidance in this area.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 20345:2004, Personal protective equipment — Safety footwear
ISO 20346:2004, Personal protective equipment — Protective footwear
ISO 20347:2004, Personal protective equipment — Occupational footwear
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 20345, ISO 20346 and ISO 20347

apply.
4 Design, construction and classification

Construction of safety, protective and occupational footwear is exemplified in Figure 1. Design and

classification have been defined in ISO 20345, ISO 20346 and ISO 20347. Classification is presented in

Table 1. Designs of footwear are illustrated in Figure 2. Protective elements should be incorporated in the

footwear in such a way that they cannot be removed without damaging it.
Table 1 — Classification of footwear
Code designation Classification

I Footwear made from leather and other materials, excluding all-rubber or all-polymeric footwear

II All-rubber (i.e. entirely vulcanized) or all-polymeric (i.e. entirely moulded) footwear

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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Key
1 facing 9 outsole
2 tongue 10 cleat
3 collar 11 penetration-resistant insert
4 upper 12 insole
5 vamp lining 13 heel
6 insock 14 Strobel stitching
7 toe puff 15 quarter
8 foam strip 16 vamp

Figure 1 — Example of construction of safety, protective and occupational footwear

2 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Key
Type A low shoe Type D knee-height boot
Type B ankle boot Type E thigh boot
Type C half-knee boot 1 variable extension which can be adapted to the wearer
Figure 2 — Designs of footwear
5 Marking of categories
5.1 Safety footwear for professional use
5.1.1 Basic requirements

Safety footwear is fitted with safety toecaps and complies with the basic requirements given in Table 2 of

ISO 20345:2004. It can incorporate one or more additional protective features to protect the wearer from

injuries that could arise through accidents in the working sectors for which the footwear is designed. Safety

toecaps meet the requirements of impact resistance at an energy level of 200 J and the requirements of

compression resistance at a compression load of 15 kN.
Marking symbol for basic requirements is SB.
5.1.2 Additional requirements
Additional protective features are presented in Table 2.
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
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Table 2 — Additional symbols for safety, protective and occupational footwear
Requirement Symbol in footwear
Penetration resistance P
Electrical resistance No symbol
Conductive footwear C
Antistatic footwear A
Resistance to inimical environments No symbol
Insulation against heat HI
Insulation against cold CI
Energy absorption of seat region E
Resistance to water (footwear of Classification I) WR
Metatarsal protection M
Ankle protection AN

Water penetration and water absorption of upper (footwear of Classification I) WRU

Cut resistance CR
Cleated outsole No symbol
Resistant to hot contact of outsole HRO
Resistance to fuel oil of outsole (occupational footwear) FO
5.1.3 Marking of categories of safety footwear

Tables 3 and 4 categorize safety footwear with the most widely used combinations of basic and additional

requirements.
Table 3 — Classification I (footwear made from leather)
Category Additional requirements
Closed seat region
S1 Antistatic footwear
Energy absorption of seat region
As S1 plus
Water penetration and water absorption
As S2 plus
S3 Penetration resistance
Cleated outsole
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Table 4 — Classification II (all-rubber or all-polymeric footwear)
Category Additional requirements
Antistatic footwear
Energy absorption of seat region
As S4 plus
S5 Penetration resistance
Cleated outsole
5.2 Protective footwear for professional use
5.2.1 Basic requirements

Protective footwear is fitted with protective toecaps and complies with the basic requirements given in Table 2

of ISO 20346:2004. It can incorporate additional protective features to protect the wearer from injuries that

could arise through accidents in the working sectors for which the footwear is designed. Protective footwear

meets the requirements of impact resistance at an energy level of 100 J and the requirements of compression

resistance at a compression load of 10 kN.
Marking symbol for basic requirements is PB.
5.2.2 Additional requirements
Additional protective features are presented in Table 2.
5.2.3 Marking of categories of protective footwear

Tables 5 and 6 categorize protective footwear with the most widely used combinations of basic and additional

requirements.
Table 5 — Classification I (footwear made from leather)
Category Additional requirements
Closed seat region
P1 Antistatic footwear
Energy absorption of seat region
As P1 plus
Water penetration and water absorption
As P2 plus
P3 Penetration resistance
Cleated outsole
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SIST-TP CEN ISO/TR 18690:2006
ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Table 6 — Classification II (all-rubber or all-polymeric footwear)
Category Additional requirements
Antistatic footwear
Energy absorption of seat region
As P4 plus
P5 Penetration resistance
Cleated outsole
5.3 Occupational footwear for professional use
5.3.1 Basic requirements

Occupational footwear complies with the basic requirements given in Table 2 of ISO 20347:2004 and it should

incorporate one or more protective features to protect the wearer from injuries that could arise through

accidents in the working sectors for which the footwear is designed. The additional protective requirements

are presented in Table 2.
NOTE Occupational footwear is not fitted with safety or protective toecaps.
5.3.2 Marking of categories of occupational footwear

Tables 7 and 8 categorize protective footwear with the most widely used combinations of basic and additional

requirements.
Table 7 — Classification I (footwear made from leather)
Category Additional requirements
OB Plus one or more of the following from Table 2: P, C, A, I, HI, CI, E, WR, AN
Closed seat region
O1 Antistatic footwear
Energy absorption of seat region
As O1 plus
Water penetration and water absorption
As O2 plus
O3 Penetration resistance
Cleated outsole
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ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)
Table 8 — Classification II (all-rubber or all-polymeric footwear)
Category Additional requirements
OB Plus one or more of the following from Table 2: P, C, A, I, HI, CI, E, AN
Antistatic footwear
Energy absorption of seat region
As O4 plus
O5 Penetration resistance
Cleated outsole
5.4 Other markings
All safety, protective and occupational footwear should be marked with:
a) size;
b) manufacturer's identification mark;
c) manufacturer's type designation;
d) year of manufacture and at least quarter;
e) number of the International Standard, e.g. ISO 20345:2004;

f) symbol(s) from Table 2 appropriate to the protection provided or, where applicable, the appropriate

category.
The markings for e) and f) should be adjacent to one another.
6 Selection of professional footwear
6.1 Risk assessment
6.1.1 General

Employers and self-employed people should assess the risks from their work activities. If risks cannot be

eliminated by other methods, personal protective equipment should be used. It is important to select a correct

type of professional footwear in respect of the risk. A need of protection in the work place determines the type

of footwear to be chosen.

Prior to the selection and use of professional footwear or leg protector the employer should assess the

working conditions, which especially include type and extent of the hazards, duration of the hazard and

personal requisites of the wearer.
6.1.2 Aid for risk assessment

The use of every footwear and leg protection should depend on the type of expected hazard (see Table 9).

Although the types of hazard are known it cannot be predicted when they actually occur.

Prior to selection and use the employer should perform an assessment of the footwear and leg protection

he/she has in mind to determine whether they:
a) are type-examined (labelled with the appropriate symbol and other markings);
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ISO/TR 18690:2006(E)

b) offer protection against the hazards to be averted without inherently presenting a greater hazard;

c) are suitable for the relevant workplace conditions;
d) fulfil the ergonomic requirements and the health requisite of the wearer;
e) can be adapted to the individual wearer.

The employer should ensure that every wearer is provided with his/her personal footwear or leg protection for

his/her personal use.
Table 9 — Examples of risk assessment
Occurrence of the risk
Risk factor of the working Degree of risk and
Protective feature
environment exposure time
Every now
of the footwear
None Rare Often
(expected hazard) (h/day)
and then
Mechanical hazards
— falling objects — toecap
— compression — metatarsal protection
— ankle protection
— sharp objects — penetration resistance
— cut
sharp objects — cut resistance
chain saw — resistance to chain saw
cutting
— vibration or shock — energy absorption of
(long-term walking and seat region
standing)
— slipperiness — cleated outsole
— slip resistance
(coefficient of friction)
Electrical hazards
— electrical work (electric — electrical insulation
shock, electric arc)
— induced electricity — antistatic footwear
(handling fuels or
flammable chemicals)
— handling explosives — conductive footwear
Heat
— environment — heat insulation
— hot surfaces — heat resistance of
outsole
— flame heat — flame res
...

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