Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for swings

This European Standard specifies additional safety requirements for swings intended for permanent installation for use by children. Where the main play function is not swinging, the relevant requirements in this part of EN 1176 may be used, as appropriate.
NOTE   Recommendations on the design and siting of swings are given in Annex A.

Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 2: Zusätzliche besondere sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Schaukeln

Diese Europäische Norm legt zusätzliche sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Schaukeln fest, die dauerhaft installiert und für die Benutzung durch Kinder vorgesehen sind. Sofern die Hauptspielfunktion nicht Schaukeln ist, dürfen die entsprechenden Anforderungen in diesem Teil der EN 1176, sofern zutreffend, angewendet werden.
ANMERKUNG   In Anhang A werden Empfehlungen zur Konstruktion und zum Aufstellungsbereich von Schaukeln gegeben.

Équipement et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai complémentaires spécifiques aux balançoires

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité complémentaires pour les balançoires destinées à être installées de façon permanente et utilisées par des enfants. Lorsque la principale fonction de jeu n’est pas de se balancer, les exigences appropriées définies dans cette partie de l’EN 1176 peuvent être utilisées, selon le cas.
NOTE   L’Annexe A donne des recommandations relatives à la conception et à l’emplacement des balançoires.

Oprema in podloge otroških igrišč - 2. del: Dodatne posebne varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za viseče gugalnice

Ta evropski standard določa dodatne varnostne zahteve za trajno nameščene viseče gugalnice za otroke. Kadar glavna funkcija igralne naprave ni guganje, se lahko ustrezne zahteve tega dela standarda EN 1176 uporabljajo, kot je ustrezno.
OPOMBA: Priporočila glede konstrukcije in mesta postavitve visečih gugalnic so podana v dodatku A.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Jan-2020
Withdrawal Date
29-Apr-2020
Current Stage
9020 - Submission to 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Start Date
15-Jan-2023
Completion Date
15-Jan-2023

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
01-december-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1176-2:2018
Oprema in podloge otroških igrišč - 2. del: Dodatne posebne varnostne zahteve in
preskusne metode za viseče gugalnice

Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements

and test methods for swings
Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 2: Zusätzliche besondere
sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Schaukeln

Équipement et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 2: Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

complémentaires spécifiques aux balançoires
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019
ICS:
97.200.40 Igrišča Playgrounds
SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.200.40 Supersedes EN 1176-2:2017
English Version
Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 2: Additional
specific safety requirements and test methods for swings

Équipement et sols d'aires de jeux - Partie 2: Exigences Spielplatzgeräte und Spielplatzböden - Teil 2:

de sécurité et méthodes d'essai complémentaires Zusätzliche besondere sicherheitstechnische

spécifiques aux balançoires Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Schaukeln

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 August 2016 and includes Corrigendum approved by CEN on 6 August 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Safety requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Ground clearance ............................................................................................................................................ 9

4.3 Seat clearance for single point swing (Type 3).................................................................................. 10

4.4 Minimum clearance and lateral stability of swing seats with more than one point of

suspension ...................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.5 Means of suspension ................................................................................................................................... 12

4.6 Impact attenuation of swing seats ......................................................................................................... 13

4.6.1 Swing seats and vertical tyre seats ........................................................................................................ 13

4.6.2 Cradle swing seats ........................................................................................................................................ 13

4.6.3 Group swing seats ........................................................................................................................................ 13

4.7 Dynamic load for swing equipment ....................................................................................................... 14

4.8 Structural integrity ...................................................................................................................................... 14

4.9 Framework ..................................................................................................................................................... 14

4.10 Height of fall and impact area .................................................................................................................. 14

4.10.1 Free height of fall .......................................................................................................................................... 14

4.10.2 Dimensions of falling space and impact area ..................................................................................... 14

5 Additional type requirements ................................................................................................................. 17

5.1 Swings with several rotational axes (Type 2) .................................................................................... 17

5.2 Single-point swings (Type 3) ................................................................................................................... 17

5.3 Contact swings (Type 4) ............................................................................................................................. 18

6 Test reports .................................................................................................................................................... 18

7 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

Annex A (informative) Recommendations for design and siting of swings ......................................... 19

Annex B (normative) Determination of swing seat impact attenuation ............................................... 20

B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

B.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 20

B.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 21

B.3.1 Flat swing seats ............................................................................................................................................. 21

B.3.2 Cradle swing seats ........................................................................................................................................ 21

B.3.3 Arrangement of test rig .............................................................................................................................. 21

B.3.4 Raising seat for test ..................................................................................................................................... 21

B.3.5 Support and release of seat ...................................................................................................................... 21

B.3.6 Collection of data .......................................................................................................................................... 21

B.3.7 Peak acceleration ......................................................................................................................................... 21

B.3.8 Surface compression ................................................................................................................................... 21

B.3.9 Average surface compression .................................................................................................................. 21

B.4 Impact measuring equipment ................................................................................................................. 22

B.5 Accuracy of tests ........................................................................................................................................... 22

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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)

Annex C (normative) Dynamic load test for suspension systems of swings ......................................... 23

C.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 23

C.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 23

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 24

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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136

“Sports, playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by

DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes ˜EN 1176-2:2017™.
This document includes Corrigendum 1 issued by CEN on 23 October 2019.

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by corrigendum is indicated in the text by tags ˜™

The main changes are:
a) amended definition of a swing;

b) additional figure for an example of a swing with one rotational axis (see Figure 1);

c) new figure on ground clearance (see Figure 7);
d) new definition and requirements for group swing seats;
e) improved recommendations for fences around swings;

f) revised figure for free height of fall and surfacing requirements beneath a swing (see Figure 10);

g) harmonization of B.4 and B.5 with the measuring device from the EN 1176 series.

This document is part of a series of standards dealing with playground equipment and surfacing which

consists of:
— Part 1: General safety requirements and test methods;
— Part 2: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for swings;
— Part 3: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for slides;

— Part 4: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for cableways;

— Part 5: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for carousels;

— Part 6: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for rocking equipment;

— Part 7: Guidance on installation, inspection, maintenance and operation;

— Part 10: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for fully enclosed play equipment;

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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)

— Part 11: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for spatial network.

This part of EN 1176 will be used in conjunction with parts EN 1176-1, EN 1176-7 and EN 1177.

For inflatable play equipment see EN 14960, Inflatable play equipment — Safety requirements and test

methods.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies additional safety requirements for swings intended for permanent

installation for use by children. Where the main play function is not swinging, the relevant

requirements in this part of EN 1176 may be used, as appropriate.
NOTE Recommendations on the design and siting of swings are given in Annex A.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 1176-1:2017, Playground equipment and surfacing — Part 1: General safety requirements and test

methods

EN ISO/IEC 17025, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories

(ISO/IEC 17025)

ISO 6487, Road vehicles — Measurement techniques in impact tests — Instrumentation

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 1176-1 and the following

apply.

NOTE In order not to confine the application of this European Standard to those items of equipment currently

in use and to allow freedom of design for the manufacture of new equipment, only the fundamental forms of

equipment and motion are defined.
3.1
swing

moving equipment where the weight of the user is supported below a pivot or universal joint, where the

pivot or universal joint is more than 1,3 m above the ground
3.2
swing with one rotational axis (Type 1)

seat that is flexibly suspended individually from a load bearing cross beam that can swing to and fro in

an arc at right angles to the cross beam
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
a) b)
Figure 1 — Examples of a swing with one rotational axis (Type 1)
3.3
swing with several rotational axes (Type 2)

seat suspended from one or more load bearing cross beams, supported in such a way that it can move at

right angles or longitudinally to the cross beams in as horizontal position as practicable

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 2.
Figure 2 — Example of a swing with several rotational axes (Type 2)
3.4
single point swing (Type 3)

seat or platform with cables or chains that meet at one fixing point so that the swing can move in all

directions
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 3.
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)
a) b)
Figure 3 — Examples of a single point swings (Type 3)
3.5
contact swing (Type 4)

group of seats flexibly suspended individually from load bearing cross beams, which are arranged

around a central axis (a centre point), typically six in number
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 4.
Key
1 central axis
Figure 4 — Example of a contact swing (Type 4)
3.6
swing height

distance between the middle of the fulcrum of the suspension and the playing surface

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 5.
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)
3.7
length of swing suspension member

distance between the middle of the fulcrum of the suspension member and top surface of the seat or

platform
Note 1 to entry: Suspension members include chains and ropes.
Note 2 to entry: See Figure 5.
3.8
height of seat
distance between the top of the seat or platform and the playing surface
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 5.
Key
1 rotational axis
h swing height
h length of swing suspension member (h -h )
2 1 3
h height of seat
h ground clearance
Figure 5 — Height dimensions
3.9
ground clearance
distance between the specified under-part of the seat and the playing surface
Note 1 to entry: The measurement position depends on seat type, see 4.2.
3.10
seat clearance

distance between the lower edge of the seat and any obstacle adjacent to the path of the swing

Note 1 to entry: See Figure 6.
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)
Key
h seat clearance
Figure 6 — Example of a Type 3 swing showing seat clearance
3.11
flat swing seat
seat without back and side protections
3.12
cradle swing seat

seat provided with greater body support for younger or less able users, typically designed so that the

user cannot slip through the constructional parts surrounding the seat
3.13
group swing seat

seat with a large surface area intended for several users, typically nest or basket swing seats, single

point swing seats, tyre seats, and swinging beds
4 Safety requirements
4.1 General

Swings shall conform to EN 1176-1 unless otherwise specified in this part of EN 1176.

4.2 Ground clearance

The minimum ground clearance for single-use swings (see Figures 5 and 6) at rest position shall be

350 mm.

For group swing seats, the minimum ground clearance at rest position shall be 400 mm.

For group swing seats with a flexible lower part the ground clearance shall be a minimum of 400 mm

measured from the underside of the rigid part of the seat in its most onerous position (see Figure 7).

In the case of contact swings with vertical tyres as seats (see Figure 12), the ground clearance may be

reduced to 100 mm minimum.
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SIST EN 1176-2:2018+AC:2019
EN 1176-2:2017+AC:2019 (E)

NOTE The minimum ground clearance is lower for contact swings with vertical tyres because their

construction is flexible; if an impact occurs the tyre is deflected and the impact is reduced. Also, the tyre is made

from impact attenuating material.
Key
1 rigid part
2 flexible part
h ground clearance
Figure 7 — Ground Clearance
4.3 Seat clearance for single point swing (Type 3)

The seat clearance (see Figure 6) shall be at least 400 mm except in the direction of the beam on which

the suspension is fixed.

If during use, the side of the swing seat can come into contact with the swing frame, then protective

material may be fitted to the frame at this point to protect the beam and the seat.

NOTE The design of Type 3 swings permits a deviation from the free space requirement in EN 1176-1

because the hazar
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