Skateparks - Safety requirements and test methods

This document applies to skateparks for public use intended for the use of skateboards, other roller sports equipments and BMX bikes.
It specifies safety requirements and requirements for testing and marking, information supplied by the manufacturer, information for users, as well as for inspection and maintenance to protect users and third parties (e.g. spectators) from hazards, as far as possible, when using a skatepark as intended, or as can be reasonably expected.
This standard does not apply to bike facilities modelled from ground, gravel or rock.

Skateparks - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument gilt für öffentliche Skateparks, die für die Nutzung von Skateboards, anderen Rollsport-geräten und BMX-Fahrrädern vorgesehen sind.
Es legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Anforderungen an Prüfung und Kennzeichnung, Informationen des Herstellers, Informationen für die Nutzer, wie auch an Inspektion und Wartung fest, um Nutzer und dritte Personen (z. B. Zuschauer) bei bestimmungsgemäßer oder vernünftigerweise vorher-sehbarer Nutzung eines Skateparks weitestgehend vor Gefahren zu schützen.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Bikeanlagen, die aus Erden, Kies oder Gestein modelliert sind.

Skateparks - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

Le présent document s’applique aux skateparks ouverts au public et prévus pour l’usage du skateboard, des autres équipements de sports à roulettes ainsi que des vélos BMX.
Il spécifie les exigences de sécurité, d’essai et de marquage, les informations fournies par le fabricant et celles destinées aux utilisateurs, ainsi que les exigences en matière d’inspection et de maintenance afin de protéger dans toute la mesure du possible les utilisateurs et les tiers (les spectateurs, par exemple) des situations dangereuses associées à l’utilisation prévue ou raisonnablement prévisible d’un skatepark.
La présente norme ne s’applique pas aux pistes et installations pour vélos réalisées en terre, gravier ou cailloux.

Skejt parki (poligoni za uporabnike rolk ali podobne opreme za šport s koleščki ter kolesa BMX) - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda se uporablja za poligone za uporabnike rolk ali podobne opreme za šport s koleščki ter kolesa BMX (v nadaljevanju »skejt park/skejt parki«).
Določa splošne in posebne zahteve ter preskusne metode za skejt parke.
V tem evropskem standardu ne bodo določene vse možne oblike zasnove, kombinacij in/ali konstrukcij skejt parkov in/ali skejt elementov.
Ta standard se ne uporablja za kolesarske poligone, oblikovane iz zemlje, gramoza ali kamnov.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Apr-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
01-May-2019
Completion Date
01-May-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 14974:2019
01-julij-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 14974:2006+A1:2010

Skejt parki (poligoni za uporabnike rolk ali podobne opreme za šport s koleščki ter

kolesa BMX) - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode
Skateparks - Safety requirements and test methods
Skateparks - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
Skateparks - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 14974:2019
ICS:
97.220.10 Športni objekti Sports facilities
SIST EN 14974:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 14974:2019
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SIST EN 14974:2019
EN 14974
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.220.10 Supersedes EN 14974:2006+A1:2010
English Version
Skateparks - Safety requirements and test methods

Skateparks - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai Skateparks - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und

Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 November 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 14974:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 14974:2019
EN 14974:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Materials ............................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Timber and associated products ............................................................................................................... 9

4.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2.2 Solid wood.......................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.2.3 Laminated wood ........................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.4 Plywood panel ............................................................................................................................................... 10

4.2.5 Oriented strand boards (OSB) ................................................................................................................. 10

4.2.6 Particle boards (chipboards) ................................................................................................................... 10

4.3 Metals ............................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.4 Concrete ........................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.5 Asphalt ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

4.6 Other materials ............................................................................................................................................. 11

5 Fastenings ....................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2 Bonding ............................................................................................................................................................ 11

5.3 Metal fastenings ............................................................................................................................................ 11

6 Safety requirements .................................................................................................................................... 11

6.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 11

6.2 Design/construction ................................................................................................................................... 13

6.2.1 Structural integrity and stability ............................................................................................................ 13

6.2.2 Ground conditions ....................................................................................................................................... 15

6.2.3 Drainage .......................................................................................................................................................... 15

6.2.4 Rolling surface ............................................................................................................................................... 15

6.2.5 Grinding surface ........................................................................................................................................... 15

6.2.6 Barriers ............................................................................................................................................................ 15

6.2.7 Copings ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.3 Specific requirements for different skate elements and skateparks ........................................ 17

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

6.3.2 Rail ..................................................................................................................................................................... 18

6.3.3 Skate elements with platform or table ................................................................................................. 19

6.3.4 Skate elements without platform ........................................................................................................... 20

6.3.5 Wall ride .......................................................................................................................................................... 21

6.3.6 Mini ramp/vert ramp (half-pipe) ........................................................................................................... 21

6.3.7 Bowl .................................................................................................................................................................. 24

6.4 Safety zone ...................................................................................................................................................... 24

7 Testing/Test report ..................................................................................................................................... 24

8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 25

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9 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 25

9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

9.2 Installation/construction .......................................................................................................................... 26

10 Inspection and maintenance .................................................................................................................... 26

10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 26

10.2 Implementation ............................................................................................................................................. 27

11 Information for users .................................................................................................................................. 27

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

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EN 14974:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 14974:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports,

playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2019, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 14974:2006+A1:2010.

This edition contains the following technical changes in regards to EN 14974:2006+A1:2010:

— requirements revised;
— test methods revised;
— document restructured;
— editorially updated.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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EN 14974:2019 (E)
Introduction

This standard primarily targets planners, manufacturers, constructors, public authorities, operators,

technical experts and inspectors of skate elements and/or skateparks.

The purpose of this European Standard is to specify the safety requirements, which to a large extent

protect users and third parties (e.g. spectators) from hazards.

The use of skateparks is connected with sporting risks. Sporting skills and the use of suitable roller

sports equipment in combination with appropriate protective equipment essentially reduces the risk of

accident.

Not all possible forms of design, combinations, materials and/or structural elements of skateparks

and/or skate elements will be specified within this European Standard, as they are constantly

developing. Skateparks are often characterised by interconnected flowing rolling surfaces and elements.

With regard to these specific skate elements the general requirements of this standard need to be

considered.

It is essential that the development, construction and maintenance are carried out by competent

persons with sufficient training, experience and knowledge of this standard, as well as an

understanding of roller sports.
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EN 14974:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document applies to skateparks for public use intended for the use of skateboards, other roller

sports equipments and BMX bikes.

It specifies safety requirements and requirements for testing and marking, information supplied by the

manufacturer, information for users, as well as for inspection and maintenance to protect users and

third parties (e.g. spectators) from hazards, as far as possible, when using a skatepark as intended, or as

can be reasonably expected.

This standard does not apply to bike facilities modelled from ground, gravel or rock.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 206, Concrete — Specification, performance, production and conformity

EN 300:2006, Oriented Strand Boards (OSB) — Definitions, classification and specifications

EN 312, Particleboards — Specifications

EN 335:2013, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Use classes: definitions, application to solid

wood and wood-based products
EN 338:2016, Structural timber — Strength classes

EN 351-1, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Preservative-treated solid wood — Part 1:

Classification of preservative penetration and retention

EN 599-1, Durability of wood and wood-based products — Efficacy of preventive wood preservatives as

determined by biological tests — Part 1: Specification according to use class
EN 636, Plywood — Specifications

EN 789, Timber structures — Test methods — Determination of mechanical properties of wood based

panels

CEN/TS 1099, Plywood — Biological durability — Guidance for the assessment of plywood for use in

different use classes

EN 1992-1-1, Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings

EN 10020, Definition and classification of grades of steel
EN 13670, Execution of concrete structures
EN 14487 (all parts), Sprayed concrete
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EN 14974:2019 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
skatepark

facility with one or more skate elements and sport-specific areas for users of skateboards or similar

roller sports equipment as well as BMX bikes
3.2
skate element (obstacle)

sport-specific element, which can be used for rolling, jumping, grinding or sliding

Note 1 to entry: A skate element may consist of one element or a group of elements.

3.3
cluster

two or more separate skate elements in close proximity to each other providing combinations and

continuity
3.4
rolling surface
part of the skate element or the skatepark intended for rolling
3.5
transition
radial part of the rolling surface
3.6
bank
linear inclined part of the rolling surface
3.7
flat
horizontal rolling surface
3.8
grinding surface
part of the skate element intended for grinding and/or sliding
3.9
extension
raised part of a skate element with continuation of the rolling surface
3.10
vert
vertical area of the rolling surface at the top of the transition
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3.11
coping
circular tube which is attached to the top of the rolling surface
3.12
pool coping
form of coping made from stone, concrete or other similar materials
3.13
safety zone

space around a skate element intended for the safety of the user, as well as third parties

3.14
free-fall height

vertical distance between the supporting surfaces and the next lowest flat surface beneath this

Note 1 to entry: Supporting surfaces are horizontal rolling surfaces and surfaces intended for standing.

Exceptions are described in relevant subclauses of Clause 6.
3.15
platform

horizontal standing surface of a skate element and/or group of elements with a barrier

3.16
table

horizontal rolling surface of a skate element and/or group of elements without a barrier

3.17
foot plate
part of the rolling surface connecting the skate element with the flat
Note 1 to entry: e.g. a transition plate.
3.18
barrier

construction which prevents the user and/or roller sports equipment from falling from a height

3.19
competent person

person with sufficient training, experience and knowledge of this standard, as well as an understanding

of roller sports or with a particular qualification required for properly performing their duty

3.20
gap
space between two rolling surfaces which is to be jumped over
3.21
curb/ledge
skate element for sliding and/or grinding
3.22
rail

elevated tube or bar on a rolling surface, stair or flat for sliding and/or grinding

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3.23
bowl

combination of several curved rolling surfaces or other elements, blending into each other in various

ways creating a functional skate element
3.24
wall ride
skate element where its rolling surface turns into a wall
3.25
mini ramp

skate element consisting of two opposite transitions without vert with a flat between them

3.26
vert ramp (half-pipe)

skate element consisting of two opposite transitions with vert with a flat between them

Note 1 to entry: The term “half-pipe” is actually the name for two opposite transitions without a flat, but is often

used colloquially to refer to a vert ramp.
3.27
roll-in
rounded top edge of a skate element
4 Materials
4.1 General

Materials shall be selected and protected so that the structural integrity of the equipment manufactured

from does not deteriorate before the next relevant maintenance inspection.

The requirements in 4.2 and 4.3 relating to resistance to weather conditions may be ignored if the

skatepark is installed in indoor or covered areas.
No substance that can adversely affect health shall be present in the skatepark.

NOTE The restrictions on the marking and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations are ruled by

Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.
4.2 Timber and associated products
4.2.1 General
Skate elements made of timber components shall be protected against rotting.

Consideration shall be given to the selection of timber and/or chemical components used. Some timbers

discolour surfaces and some chemical components accelerate corrosion of metals.

Constructive wood preservation measures shall be used, e.g. skate elements made of timber

components shall allow for water to drain or drop freely from them.
4.2.2 Solid wood

For outdoor use, solid wood shall meet the biological attack requirements of use class 4 according to

EN 335:2013. This natural or conferred durability of solid wood shall meet the levels required by

EN 351-1 and EN 599-1.

For structural use, solid wood shall be of at least class C 24 according to EN 338:2016.

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4.2.3 Laminated wood

For outdoor use, laminated wood shall meet the requirements of use class 4 according to EN 335:2013.

Laminated wood with bondings shall be of structural quality, taking into account the intended use of it.

4.2.4 Plywood panel

Plywood panels shall meet the biological attack requirements of use class 2 for indoor use and of use

class 3 for outdoor use, according to EN 335:2013 and CEN/TS 1099.

For structural use and climatic resistance, the requirements for plywood panels according to EN 636

shall be met. The longitudinal modulus of elasticity and shear stress (mean value in each direction) and

bending, compressive and shear strength (characteristic value in each direction) shall be specified

according to EN 789.
4.2.5 Oriented strand boards (OSB)

Oriented strand boards shall meet the biological attack requirements of use class 2 for indoor use

according to EN 335:2013. For structural use the requirements of class OSB 4 shall be met according to

EN 300:2006. In addition, its mechanical properties, measured in accordance with EN 789, shall be

defined.
The use of oriented strand boards outdoors is not permissible.
4.2.6 Particle boards (chipboards)

Particle boards shall only be used for indoor skateparks. They shall meet the biological attack

requirements of use class 2 according to EN 335:2013.
For structural use, particle boards shall comply with EN 312.
4.3 Metals
Metal components shall be resistant to weathering under atmospheric conditions.
Stainless steel according to EN 10020 shall not be used as a grinding surface.
4.4 Concrete

4.4.1 Concrete for skateparks and skate elements shall comply with EN 206 and EN 1992-1-1

(Eurocode 2) together with relevant national annexes (e.g. concrete mix, exposure classes,

reinforcement, etc.).
In situ concrete and precast concrete shall comply with EN 13670.
Sprayed concrete shall comply with EN 14487 (all parts).

4.4.2 Concrete for rolling surfaces shall comply with the minimum requirement of strength class

given in table 1.
Table 1 — Types of concrete to be used
Concrete used for concrete strength class
Rolling surface C 35/45
NOTE Further detail on requirements is given in national regulations.
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4.5 Asphalt

Asphalt shall at least be built up to the top layer. The binder agent shall be of the type 50/70 or harder.

Eroded and coarse-grained surfaces made from asphalt are not permitted for skateparks.

Asphalt surfaces are particularly not recommended as rolling surfaces in extreme heat.

4.6 Other materials

The use of other materials is acceptable provided their sport-specific suitability and durability has been

sufficiently proven.
NOTE Fiberglass rolling surfaces can cause risks.
5 Fastenings
5.1 General
Fastening systems shall be protected against corrosion.

NOTE This protection can be achieved, for example, by galvanising or equivalent procedures.

5.2 Bonding

If glues are used, they shall be suitable for the particular purpose and durable.

5.3 Metal fastenings
Retainer clips, tacks and nails shall not be used for rolling surfaces.
6 Safety requirements
6.1 General requirements

6.1.1 Where skateparks are erected or built in combination with playgrounds, sports grounds, holiday

parks and similar establishments, they shall be physically separated by an appropriate distance using

structural or spatial measures, so that neither the users of the skatepark nor their roller sports

equipment pose any risk to users of other facilities or other third parties.
6.1.2 There shall be adequate access to the skatepark for emergency services.

6.1.3 All externally accessible edges shall be rounded with a radius of at least 3 mm or chamfered by a

minimum of (3 × 3) mm.

6.1.4 The difference between a horizontal rolling surface and the toe of the foot plate shall not exceed

5 mm (see Figure 1). The foot plate shall be tangential with the inclined rolling surface. A transition

shall not meet the ground with its foot plate at an angle greater than 15°
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EN 14974:2019 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 rolling surface
2 foot plate (transition plate)

Figure 1 — Difference between the levels of the horizontal rolling surface and foot plate

6.1.5 It shall not be possible to dismantle skate elements without tools.

6.1.6 Skate elements shall be screwed together, or be securely joined by other means, or fixed to the

ground to prevent displacement and meet the requirements of 6.2.1.

Portable skate elements shall only be used in supervised conditions. They shall be manufactured so that

they can be temporarily fixed securely.

6.1.7 No pointed and/or sharp parts (e.g. screws, splinters) shall protrude from the externally

accessible parts of the skate elements.
6.1.8 The ends of all the tubular parts, including the coping, shall be capped.

6.1.9 The free-fall height of the rolling and grinding surfaces shall not exceed 1 500 mm. For

exceptions, see relevant subclauses under 6.3. The free-fall height shall be measured 1 000 mm

horizontally from the upper edge of the supporting surface to the adjoining surface located at a lower

level.

6.1.10 When a skate element is provided with an extension, the total width requirement shall be

determined by the higher level of the skate element according to Tables 2, 3 and 4.

If the difference in height (H) is less than 500 mm and the extension width (W ) is less than the total

width (W ) x 1/3, width requirements only applies to the lower level of the skate element (see

Figure 2).
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EN 14974:2019 (E)
Key
W total width
W2 extension width
H height difference
NOTE Figure 2 is for illustrative purposes only as other designs are possible
Figure 2 — Extension width

6.1.11 If different skate elements are in a cluster or combined, each of them shall also meet at least the

requirements of this standard. Element groups shall meet the general requirements of this standard.

6.1.12 For skate elements placed side by side, lateral openings in between them shall be closed. This

excludes curbs/ ledges and rails.

6.1.13 The minimum thickness on all sides of the rolling surface or skate element shall be at least

40 mm (e.g. see Figure 11).

6.1.14 If rails or curbs/ledges are installed adjacent to each other on the rolling surface, the distance

between the components shall be at least 1 500 mm.

6.1.15 Where a skate element or a group of elements meets at an angle of less than 60° and the height

is above 600 mm, the corner shall be closed to a width of at least 200 mm.
6.2 Design/construction
6.2.1 Structural integrity and stability

Skate elements shall be designed and constructed with sufficient stability. They shall not tilt, dent or

wobble. Skate elements shall be firmly fixed to the ground or be secured against displacement or

toppling over either by their own weight or by anchoring.

All rolling surfaces and skate elements shall be constructed to withstand the following load cases:

1) Load case 1 – Distributed load and point load:
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EN 14974:2019 (E)

All skate elements and rolling surfaces shall be able to withstand a distributed load Q of

3,5 kN/m applied perpendicularly to the tangent of the rolling surface (according to Figure 3).

Additionally, the skate elements and rolling surfaces shall withstand a point load Q of 7,0 kN,

distributed over an area 50 mm × 50 mm at any point.
2) Load case 2 – Line load:

All skate elements shall withstand a line load Q of 1,5 kN/m horizontally in the middle of the

highest part of the rolling surface and barrier.

The load Q (according to Figure 3) shall be measured separately. Testing of barriers and rails is

carried out at several points at a distance of 1 000 mm to each other and in any direction.

The test force is initiated two-dimensionally over a length of 80 mm and shall withstand a

horizontal transverse load of Q 1,5 kN/m.

After testing, there shall be no permanent deformation or break. A permanent deformation shall be

rejected when it infringes upon any other re
...

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