Addressing - Part 4: International postal address components and template language (ISO 19160-4:2017)

ISO 19160-4:2017 defines key terms for postal addressing, postal address components and constraints on their use.
Specifically, ISO 19160-4:2017 defines postal address components organized into three hierarchical levels:
-      elements, such as organization name or postcode, which have well-defined conceptual meaning and are not themselves made up of subordinate components, though they may be sub-divided for technical purposes;
-      constructs, such as organization identification, which group elements into units form a logical portion of a postal address;
-      segments, such as addressee specification, which group-related postal address constructs and/or postal address elements into units with a specific defined function.
ISO 19160-4:2017 also specifies a mechanism for creation of sub-elements, which correspond to either sub-divisions of element content, such as door type or door indicator or to multiple occurrences and locations of elements in an address, such as levels of administrative regions.
ISO 19160-4:2017 does not specify the length of any component nor the value range of any component.
Moreover, ISO 19160-4:2017 defines the codes to identify elements and sub-elements.
Further, ISO 19160-4:2017 specifies postal address rendering rules. This includes identification and ordering of output lines in a rendered address, conditions for selection of candidate lines, the order and concatenation of postal address components, required and optional components, parameters to contextualize address for rendering and the formatting of the components, subject to constraints on the space available for that task. Postal address rendering rules are represented in ISO 19160-4:2017 as a postal address template.
Finally, ISO 19160-4:2017 specifies language suitable for computer processing to formally express postal address templates.

Adressierung - Teil 4: Bestandteile internationaler postalischer Anschriften und Template-Sprachen (ISO 19160-4:2017)

Dieser Teil der ISO 19160 bestimmt die Schlüsselbegriffe für postalische Anschriften, Bestandteile postalischer Anschriften und Einschränkungen ihrer Nutzung.
Besonders dieser Teil der ISO 19160 bestimmt die Bestandteile der postalischen Anschriften, die in drei hierarchischen Ebenen organisiert sind:
- Elemente, wie der Name der Organisation oder die Postleitzahl, die eine eindeutige begriffliche Bedeutung haben und die selbst nicht aus untergeordneten Elementen zusammengesetzt worden sind, obwohl sie zu technischen Zwecken unterteilt werden können;
- Aufbauten, wie die Identifizierung einer Organisation, die Elemente in Einheiten zusammenfassen, die einen logischen Teil einer postalischen Anschrift bilden;
- Segmente, wie Empfängerangabe, die die zugehörigen Aufbauten und/oder Bestandteile der posta-lischen Adressen in Einheiten mit einer genau festgelegten Funktion zusammenfassen.
Dieser Teil von ISO 19160 legt auch einen Mechanismus für die Erstellung von Elementbestandteilen fest, die entweder den Unterabteilungen von Elementinhalt, wie Tür-Typ oder Türangabe, entspricht oder um Vorkommen und Örtlichkeiten von Elementen in Adressen, wie Ebenen der administrativen Bereiche zu vervielfachen.
Dieser Teil der ISO 19160 legt nicht die Länge und den Wertebereich von Bestandteilen fest.
Außerdem legt dieser Teil der ISO 19160 die Codes fest, um Elemente und Elementbestandteile zu identifizieren.
Weiter legt dieser Teil der ISO 19160 die Ausgabevorschriften postalischer Anschriften fest. Dies schließt die Identifizierung und Anordnung von Ausgabezeilen in einer ausgegebenen Adresse, die Bedingungen zur Auswahl von Kandidatenzeilen, die Reihenfolge und Verknüpfung von Elementen postalischer Adressen, Pflicht- und optionale Elemente, Parameter, um die Adresse zur Ausgabe in Kontext zu setzen, und die Formatierung der Elemente je nach den Beschränkungen des hierzu verfügbaren Platzes fest. Die Vorschriften zur Ausgabe von postalischen Anschriften werden als Vorlage für postalische Anschriften in diesem Teil der ISO 19160 dargestellt.
Schließlich legt dieser Teil von ISO 19160 die passende Sprache für Computerprozesse fest, um postalische Anschriftentemplates formell auszudrücken.

Adressage - Partie 4: Composants et langages des modèles d'adresses postales internationales (ISO 19160-4:2017)

ISO 19160-4:2017 définit les termes clés relatifs à l'adressage postal, aux composants d'adresse postale et aux contraintes d'utilisation associées.
ISO 19160-4:2017 décrit plus particulièrement les composants d'adresse postale en les organisant en trois niveaux hiérarchiques:
-      les éléments, comme le nom de l'organisme ou le code postal, qui ont un sens conceptuel bien défini et qui ne sont pas eux-mêmes constitués de composants subordonnés, bien qu'ils puissent être subdivisés pour des raisons techniques;
-      les constructions, comme l'identification de l'organisme, qui regroupent des éléments en unités pour former une portion logique d'une adresse postale;
-      les segments, comme la spécification du destinataire, qui regroupent des constructions et/ou des éléments d'adresse postale connexes en unités ayant une fonction spécifique définie.
ISO 19160-4:2017 définit également un mécanisme de création de sous-éléments qui correspondent à des subdivisions du contenu d'un élément, comme le type de porte ou l'indicateur de porte, ou à plusieurs occurrences et emplacements d'un élément dans une adresse, comme les niveaux des régions administratives.
ISO 19160-4:2017 ne spécifie la longueur ni la plage de valeurs d'aucun des composants.
En outre, le présent document définit les codes permettant d'identifier les éléments et les sous-éléments.
Par ailleurs, il spécifie les règles de rendu des adresses postales. Ces règles concernent l'identification et le classement des lignes de sortie dans une adresse présentée, les conditions de sélection des lignes candidates, l'ordre et la concaténation des composants d'adresse postale, les composants obligatoires et facultatifs, les paramètres permettant de contextualiser une adresse en vue de sa présentation et le formatage des composants, selon les contraintes de l'espace disponible pour cette tâche. Le présent document exprime les règles de rendu des adresses postales sous la forme d'un modèle d'adresse postale.
Enfin, le présent document définit un langage adapté au traitement informatique permettant d'exprimer de manière formelle les modèles d'adresses postales.

Naslavljanje - 4. del: Sestavni deli in jezikovne predloge mednarodnega poštnega naslova (ISO 19160-4:2017)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
12-Dec-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
13-Dec-2017
Completion Date
13-Dec-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
01-marec-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14142-1:2011
Naslavljanje - 4. del: Sestavni deli in jezikovne predloge mednarodnega poštnega
naslova (ISO 19160-4:2017)

Addressing - Part 4: International postal address components and template languages

(ISO 19160-4:2017)
Postalische Dienstleistungen - Adressdatenbanken - Teil 1: Bestandteile der
postalischen Anschrift (ISO 19160-4:2017)
Adressage - Partie 4: Composants et langages des modèles d`adresses postales
internationales (ISO 19160-4:2017)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19160-4:2017
ICS:
03.240 Poštne storitve Postal services
35.240.69 Uporabniške rešitve IT pri IT applications in postal
poštnih storitvah services
SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
EN ISO 19160-4
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 35.240.70 Supersedes EN 14142-1:2011
English Version
Addressing - Part 4: International postal address
components and template language (ISO 19160-4:2017)

Adressage - Partie 4: Composants et langages des Adressierung - Teil 4: Bestandteile internationaler

modèles d'adresses postales internationales (ISO postalischer Anschriften und Template-Sprachen (ISO

19160-4:2017) 19160-4:2017)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 December 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19160-4:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
EN ISO 19160-4:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
EN ISO 19160-4:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19160-4:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211

“Geographic information/Geomatics” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 331 “Postal

services” the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 14142-1:2011.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19160-4:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19160-4:2017 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19160-4
First edition
2017-11
Addressing —
Part 4:
International postal address
components and template language
Adressage —
Partie 4: Composants et langages des modèles d'adresses postales
internationales
Reference number
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
ISO 2017
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2017, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
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Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5 Conformance ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.1 Composition .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.2 U-code ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

5.3 Rendering of postal address ........................................................................................................................................................ 6

5.4 PATDL template ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Postal address components ...................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2 Postal address segments ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.3 Postal address constructs ...........................................................................................................................................................10

6.4 Postal address elements ..............................................................................................................................................................10

6.5 Postal address sub-elements ...................................................................................................................................................16

6.6 Requirement for composition .................................................................................................................................................19

7 Element and sub-element codes .......................................................................................................................................................19

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................19

7.2 Requirement for a U-code ..........................................................................................................................................................19

8 Postal address rendering ..........................................................................................................................................................................20

8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................20

8.2 Rendering parameters ...................................................................................................................................................................22

8.3 Rendition instructions ...................................................................................................................................................................22

8.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................22

8.3.2 Concatenation..................................................................................................................................................................23

8.3.3 Abbreviation .....................................................................................................................................................................23

8.3.4 Punctuation .......................................................................................................................................................................23

8.4 Requirements for rendering of postal address ........................................................................................................23

8.5 Requirement for domain of postal address template .........................................................................................24

9 Postal address template description language (PATDL) ..........................................................................................24

9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................24

9.2 PATDL as an XML Schema ...........................................................................................................................................................24

9.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................24

9.2.2 Requirement for encoding of rendering rules .....................................................................................25

9.2.3 Requirement for data populating PATDL elements ........................................................................25

9.3 PATDL elements ..................................................................................................................................................................................25

9.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................25

9.3.2 templateIdentifier ........................................................................................................................................................26

9.3.3 userPreferences .............................................................................................................................................................27

9.3.4 triggerConditions .........................................................................................................................................................27

9.3.5 lineData .................................................................................................................................................................................29

9.3.6 combineData.....................................................................................................................................................................31

Annex A (normative) Abstract test suites .....................................................................................................................................................33

Annex B (informative) Postal address profile of ISO 19160-1 ................................................................................................35

Annex C (informative) Mapping conventions............................................................................................................................................42

Annex D (informative) Template design patterns................................................................................................................................51

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)

Annex E (informative) PATDL features ............................................................................................................................................................55

Annex F (informative) Example of PATDL template ...........................................................................................................................58

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................61

iv © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 211, Geographic information/Geomatics.

A list of all parts in the ISO 19160 series can be found on the ISO website.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
Introduction

Postal service provides letter, package and parcel delivery on a global and universal basis, without the

need for mailers and recipients to enter into explicit service contracts. Postal addresses, which combine

private recipient information with publicly known delivery point data, provide the mechanism through

which mailers specify the intended recipient and the means by which the postal operator can fulfil its

delivery commitment.

Traditionally, postal operators have been highly flexible with regard to the manner in which postal

items can be addressed; any form and content of address was acceptable as long as it permitted

sufficiently unambiguous determination of the delivery point. Even today, many posts pride themselves

on their ability, using staff intelligence and local knowledge, to deliver postal items carrying incomplete

or unusual address representations.

However, increasing volumes and labour cost rates long ago reached the point at which automation

became not only economic, but essential. As a result, it has become more and more vital to ensure that

the vast majority of postal items are addressed in a way which can be processed automatically, without

risk of misinterpretation.

When mail is sent with addresses that are incorrect or incomplete, there is the possibility of

undeliverable as addressed mail (UAA mail) which results in the mail being sent back to a return

address, being sent on to a forwarding address or discarded as waste. All this unnecessary work has

negative economic consequences.

Today, the vast majority of postal items carry printed addresses which are extracted from computer

databases. Such databases need to be maintained in the face of population mobility, creation

and retirement of delivery points and changes in their specification, such as renaming of streets,

renumbering of properties, etc. Moreover, there is a growing need for validation of addresses in

e-commerce and the tendency for organizations to exchange or trade address data and for organizations

in one country to hold address data of organizations and individuals in other countries, which might

use different approaches to the rendering of postal addresses.

Addresses can be rendered according to rules that differ from country to country or from one mailing

event (a batch of mail, e.g. letters or monthly statements, sent by a mailer at one time) to another. This

document does not impose any obligation on countries or mailers on how addresses shall be rendered

but provides a language to express rendering rules recommended by postal operators for mailing

purposes.

Templates specified according to this document may be used to exchange information about address

rendering rules on international cross-border mail and domestic mail. These templates are available

from the UPU for all countries which have approved them. This facilitates automated processing of mail

and international e-commerce deliveries. Rendition engines based on this document are expected to

produce the same results for the same addresses. This is conditional upon using approved templates

with the same parameters. Even if this were not the case, consistency remains an appropriate goal.

The intended readers of this document include designers and developers of computer systems that

process global postal address data including postal address rendering, those who formulate and

implement international addressing policies and anyone seeking to reduce UAA mail.

The preparatory work for this project is described in Review summary of the ISO 19160 stage zero project

[2]
(20110) and recommended five projects with the following titles:
— Addressing – Conceptual model
— Addressing – Good practices for address assignment schemes
— Addressing – Quality management for address data
— Addressing – International postal address components and template language
vi © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
— Addressing – Address rendering for purposes other than mail

This document implements the fourth of these recommendations and focuses solely on addresses for

postal purposes. Addresses for other purposes are described in other parts of ISO 19160.

This document is based on UPU S42, Part A, Version 7 and has been developed with UPU. It is intended

to be adopted by CEN as a replacement for EN 14142-1.
© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
Addressing —
Part 4:
International postal address components and template
language
1 Scope

This document defines key terms for postal addressing, postal address components and constraints on

their use.

Specifically, this document defines postal address components organized into three hierarchical levels:

— elements, such as organization name or postcode, which have well-defined conceptual meaning

and are not themselves made up of subordinate components, though they may be sub-divided for

technical purposes;

— constructs, such as organization identification, which group elements into units form a logical

portion of a postal address;

— segments, such as addressee specification, which group-related postal address constructs and/or

postal address elements into units with a specific defined function.

This document also specifies a mechanism for creation of sub-elements, which correspond to either

sub-divisions of element content, such as door type or door indicator or to multiple occurrences and

locations of elements in an address, such as levels of administrative regions.

This document does not specify the length of any component nor the value range of any component.

Moreover, this document defines the codes to identify elements and sub-elements.

Further, this document specifies postal address rendering rules. This includes identification and

ordering of output lines in a rendered address, conditions for selection of candidate lines, the order

and concatenation of postal address components, required and optional components, parameters to

contextualize address for rendering and the formatting of the components, subject to constraints on

the space available for that task. Postal address rendering rules are represented in this document as a

postal address template.

Finally, this document specifies language suitable for computer processing to formally express postal

address templates.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 639-1, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code

ISO 3166-1, Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 1: Country codes

ISO 15924, Information and documentation — Codes for the representation of names of scripts

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
address

structured information that allows the unambiguous determination of an object for purposes of

identification and location
[SOURCE: ISO 19160-1:2015, 4.1]
3.2
addressable object
object that may be assigned an address (3.1)
[SOURCE: ISO 19160-1:2015, 4.2]
3.3
addressee
party (3.10) who is the ultimate recipient of a delivery (3.4) item or service

Note 1 to entry: The addressee may be explicitly defined as part of the postal address (3.11), or may be implicit.

For example, in certain countries, omission of addressee information is taken as implying that delivery is to be to

an individual or legal entity having legal access to the delivery point (3.6).

Note 2 to entry: Mr. or Mrs. Smith specifies that the addressee is either of two individuals, while Mr. Jones and

Mrs. Smith denote that the addressee is a group of two individuals. See also role descriptor.

Note 3 to entry: The use made by the postal operator (3.23) of addressee and mailee (3.8) data might be dependent

on the postal service applicable to the postal item (3.22). For some services, such as registered mail, the postal

operator’s responsibility might include ensuring that the addressee or a duly authorized representative

acknowledges receipt of the postal item. In other cases, addressee data could be purely informative or used by

the postal operator only for consistency checking and/or for the activation of forwarding services. In other cases,

it might be used for sorting or sequencing purposes prior to delivery, e.g. in the case of business mail being pre-

sequenced by department or individual company official.

Note 4 to entry: In some countries, the addressee may be an abstraction such as “postal customer”.

3.4
delivery

process in which a postal item (3.22) leaves the responsibility of the postal operator (3.23)

through being handed over to, or left for collection by, the addressee (3.3), the mailee (3.8) or an

authorized representative, or deposited in a private letter box accessible to one or other of these

Note 1 to entry: Delivery does not always imply receipt by the addressee or mailee.

3.5
delivery address

postal address (3.11) which the postal operator (3.23) is requested to use to deliver the postal

item (3.22)

Note 1 to entry: In the normal case, the delivery address is the same as the postal address specified by the

mailer (3.9).

Note 2 to entry: The delivery address may in certain circumstances, e.g. unaddressed mail, not actually

be represented on the postal item. In this case, the delivery address is determined by the postal operator in

accordance with an agreement between the operator and the mailer.
2 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19160-4:2018
ISO 19160-4:2017(E)

Note 3 to entry: The postal item might not actually be delivered to the requested delivery address. For example,

in the case of forwarding, delivery (3.4) takes place at the forwarding address.
3.6
delivery point

physical location recognized by a postal operator (3.23) as a valid location at which delivery

(3.4) may occur
3.7
mail recipient

individual who actually receives a postal item (3.22) at delivery (3.4) or who first accesses the postal

item if it is left for collection

Note 1 to entry: The mail recipient is normally the addressee (3.3), the mailee (3.8) or an authorized representative

of one of these two. However, this might not always be the case, e.g. if the postal item is left for collection in

a location to which third parties have access; if the addressee/mailee have moved without leaving forwardi

...

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