Graphic technology - Safety requirements for graphic technology equipment and systems - Part 3: Binding and finishing equipment and systems (ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)

This part of ISO 12643 provides safety requirements specific to binding and finishing equipment and systems. This part of ISO 12643 shall be used in conjunction with ISO 12643-1. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the general requirements given in ISO 12643-1.
This part of ISO 12643 provides additional safety requirements for the design and construction of new equipment used to convert printed or blank substrates into cut, folded, collated, assembled, bound, or otherwise finished product. It can also be applicable to processes for preparing substrate for the printing process.
It is applicable to a wide range of equipment used in the binding and finishing process.

Graphische Technik - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Ausrüstungen und Systeme der graphischen Technik - Teil 3: Ausrüstungen und Systeme in der Buchbinderei und Druckweiterverarbeitung (ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)

Technologie graphique - Exigences de sécurité pour les systèmes et l'équipement de technologie graphique - Partie 3: Systèmes et équipement de reliure et de finissage (ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)

Grafična tehnologija - Varnostne zahteve za grafično tehnološko opremo in sisteme - 3. del: Oprema in sistemi v knjigoveznici in grafični dodelavi  (ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)

General Information

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Current Stage
4060 - Closure of enquiry - Enquiry
Due Date
05-May-2020
Completion Date
05-May-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
01-april-2020
Grafična tehnologija - Varnostne zahteve za grafično tehnološko opremo in

sisteme - 3. del: Oprema v knjigoveznici in grafični dodelavi ter sistemi (ISO/DIS

12643-3:2020)
Graphic technology - Safety requirements for graphic technology equipment and

systems - Part 3: Binding and finishing equipment and systems (ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)

Graphische Technik - Sicherheitsanforderungen an Ausrüstungen und Systeme der
graphischen Technik - Teil 3: Ausrüstungen und Systeme in der Buchbinderei und
Druckweiterverarbeitung (ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)

Technologie graphique - Exigences de sécurité pour les systèmes et l'équipement de

technologie graphique - Partie 3: Systèmes et équipement de reliure et de finissage

(ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 12643-3
ICS:
37.100.10 Reprodukcijska oprema Reproduction equipment
oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 12643-3
ISO/TC 130 Secretariat: SAC
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2020-02-11 2020-05-05
Graphic technology — Safety requirements for graphic
technology equipment and systems —
Part 3:
Binding and finishing equipment and systems

Technologie graphique — Exigences de sécurité pour les systèmes et l'équipement de technologie

graphique —
Partie 3: Systèmes et équipement de reliure et de finissage
ICS: 37.100.10
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2020
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
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Email: copyright@iso.org
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Significant hazards ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5 Guarding of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Interlocks ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.1 Interlocking with guard locking ......................................................................................................................... 5

5.2.2 Exception for machine motion at inching speed .................................................................................. 6

5.2.3 Exception for machine motion at production speed ......................................................................... 6

5.3 Guarding of hoppers and hopper feeders ........................................................................................................................ 7

5.3.1 Manually loaded hoppers ......................................................................................................................................... 7

5.3.2 Guarding of automatically fed hoppers ........................................................................................................ 7

5.3.3 Protection of unused hoppers and hopper feeders ........................................................................... 7

5.3.4 Separating elements on hopper feeders ...................................................................................................... 7

5.4 Guarding on binding and finishing machines ............................................................................................................... 7

5.4.1 Hand-fed riveting, eyeletting and attaching machines.................................................................... 7

5.4.2 Hand-fed flat- and saddle-stitching machines ........................................................................................ 8

5.4.3 Gang stitchers and drum stitchers ................................................................................................................... 9

5.4.4 Gathering machines ...................................................................................................................................................11

5.4.5 Perfect binders ...............................................................................................................................................................13

5.4.6 Paper drills .........................................................................................................................................................................15

5.4.7 Book signature presses ...........................................................................................................................................17

5.4.8 Book press ..........................................................................................................................................................................17

5.4.9 Sheet-folding machines ...........................................................................................................................................18

5.4.10 Book production lines for the production of hard-cover books ..........................................19

5.4.11 Back-rounding and pressing machines .....................................................................................................20

5.4.12 Backlining and head-banding machines...................................................................................................20

5.4.13 Casing-in (case-binding) machines ...............................................................................................................21

5.4.14 Book-cover crease-forming machines (presses) ...............................................................................23

5.5 Inserting and collating machines .........................................................................................................................................23

5.6 Counter-stackers ................................................................................................................................................................................24

5.6.1 Safeguarding divert gates (waste separator) .......................................................................................24

5.6.2 Safeguarding hazard points at turntable .................................................................................................24

5.6.3 Pneumatic system ........................................................................................................................................................24

5.7 Paper-embossing machines ......................................................................................................................................................24

5.7.1 Safeguarding in-running nips on guide rollers ...................................................................................24

5.7.2 Stretch rollers and counter rollers ................................................................................................................25

5.7.3 Safeguarding movement of counter roller ..............................................................................................25

5.7.4 Insulation of heated parts .....................................................................................................................................25

5.8 Finishing machines...........................................................................................................................................................................25

5.8.1 Coaters ...................................................................................................................................................................................25

5.8.2 Laminators .........................................................................................................................................................................27

5.9 Guillotine cutters ................................................................................................................................................................................30

5.9.1 Knife cycles ........................................................................................................................................................................30

5.9.2 Interruption of cutting cycles ............................................................................................................................30

5.9.3 Clamping ..............................................................................................................................................................................31

5.9.4 Failure of knife and clamp linkages ..............................................................................................................31

5.9.5 Backgauge ...........................................................................................................................................................................32

5.9.6 Guarding front (operating side) of a guillotine...................................................................................33

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5.9.7 Pile-support angles (jogging blocks) ...........................................................................................................37

5.9.8 Knife changing and adjustment .......................................................................................................................37

5.9.9 Hazards from integral feeding and delivery equipment on guillotine cutters ........38

5.10 Trimmers ..................................................................................................................................................................................................40

5.11 Three-knife trimmer with manual infeed .....................................................................................................................40

5.12 Onserters/attaching machines ..............................................................................................................................................41

5.13 Overcover/protective wrapper gluers .............................................................................................................................41

5.14 Corner-rounding machines .......................................................................................................................................................41

6 V erification of the safety requirements and/or protective/ risk reduction measures ............42

7 Information for use .........................................................................................................................................................................................45

7.1 Contents of instruction handbook.......................................................................................................................................45

7.1.1 Information for gang stitchers ..........................................................................................................................45

7.1.2 Information for gathering machines ............................................................................................................46

7.1.3 Information for perfect binders .......................................................................................................................46

7.1.4 Information for sheet folding machines ...................................................................................................47

7.1.5 Information for inserting machines .............................................................................................................47

7.1.6 Information for machines for the production of envelopes.....................................................47

7.1.7 Information for guillotine cutters ..................................................................................................................47

7.1.8 Information for integral feeding and delivery equipment for guillotine cutters ...48

7.1.9 Information for trimmers ......................................................................................................................................48

7.1.10 Information for corner-rounding machines ..........................................................................................48

7.1.11 Information for contact with hot surfaces above 65°C ................................................................48

Annex A (normative) Safety distance of ESPDs on guillotine cutters and three knife

trimmers with manual infeed ..............................................................................................................................................................49

Annex B (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................50

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............................................................................59

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................61

iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO's adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 130, Graphic technology.

This third edition cancels and the second edition (ISO 12643-3:2010). The main changes compared to

the previous edition are as follows:

— In 5.2 Inclusion of requirements for interlocks (Clause in ISO 12643-1 deleted)

— In 5.4.4 Addition of requirements on feeders and feeding sections at gathering machines

— In 5.4.5 Revision of the requirements on safety-related control systems for temperature control and

temperature monitoring in the gluing unit at perfect binders

— In 5.4.5.7 Addition of requirements for safeguarding milling head cutters at perfect binders

— In 5.4.5.9 Addition of requirements for emergency stop at perfect binders

— Throughout the document, deletion of requirements related to hazards dealt with in ISO 12643-1

(Inclusion in the List of significant hazards)

— In 5.4.5 Revision of the requirements on safety-related control systems for temperature control and

temperature monitoring in the gluing section for hardcover lines

— In 5.9.2 Addition of requirements for retraction of knife and clamp at guillotine cutters

— The equation for the calculation of the minimum safety distance at guillotine cutters was moved to

Annex B.1 as it also refers to new Clause on three-knife trimmers with manual infeed

— Addition of a new Clause 5.11 Three-knife trimmers with manual infeed
— List of significant hazards moved to an informative Annex A

— Addition of Annex ZA: Relationship between this European Standard and the essential requirements

of Directive 2006/42/EC
— Reference to ISO 13849-2 was added in Bibliography
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
A list of all parts in the ISO 12643 series can be found on the ISO website.
vi © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or

type-B standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of

the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of

this type-C standard.

During the development of this document, existing relevant standards of other countries were taken

into consideration. An effort has been made to harmonize the requirements of all countries, recognizing

that national standards or laws may dictate national requirements. In cases where it was known that

there is a national requirement that differs from this document, that has been noted.

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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
Graphic technology — Safety requirements for graphic
technology equipment and systems —
Part 3:
Binding and finishing equipment and systems
1 Scope

This part of ISO 12643 provides safety requirements specific to binding and finishing equipment and

systems. This part of ISO 12643 shall be used in conjunction with ISO/FDIS 12643-1:2020. It is intended

to be used in conjunction with the general requirements given in ISO/FDIS 12643-1:2020.

This document provides additional safety requirements for the design and construction of new

equipment used to convert printed or blank substrates into cut, folded, collated, assembled, bound,

or otherwise finished product. It can also be applicable to processes for preparing substrate for the

printing process.

It is applicable to a wide range of equipment used in the binding and finishing process.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/FDIS 12643-1:2020, Graphic technology — Safety requirements for graphic technology equipment

and systems — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design

ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs

ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection

ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of

fixed and movable guards

ISO 14123-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted

by machinery — Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers

ISO 14123-2:2015, Safety of machinery — Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted

by machinery — Part 2: Methodology leading to verification procedures

IEC 62061:2005, Safety of machinery — Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and

programmable electronic control systems

EN 1539:2015, Dryers and ovens in which flammable substances are released — Safety requirements

1) Under preparation.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved 1
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oSIST prEN ISO 12643-3:2020
ISO/DIS 12643-3:2020(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in

ISO/FDIS 12643-1:2020ISO/FDIS 12643-1:2020, ISO 13849-1:2015 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
anti-repeat device

mechanical or electromechanical mechanism that ensures that only one cutting cycle occurs for each

manual activation or automatic cut if the primary stopping system or single-cycle device (3.30) fails

3.2
automatic cutting sequence

programmed succession of clamping operations and/or cutting movements that is initiated by the

operator and proceeds to a specified point without further intervention by the operator

3.3
back-rounding and pressing machine

apparatus for processing book signatures, i.e. for rounding the spine and the trimmed front edge of

book signatures and compressing the resulting signatures
3.4
backgauge

movable device (automatic or manual) on a guillotine cutter, positioned square to the cutting table,

used to stop the stack of material to be cut when the material is pushed into the opening under the

cutting blade by the operator, as well as to determine the dimensions of the cut
3.5
backlining and head-banding machines

〈hard-cover bookbinding〉 equipment for the automatic production of hard-cover books where the

binding together of the signatures is rounded or flat, with glue, gauze, or paper

3.6
book cover crease forming machine

〈hard-cover bookbinding〉 apparatus for creating, under heat and pressure, a permanent bend in the

cover of a hard-cover book, then pressing the entire cover surface
3.7
book press
device used for flattening books
3.8
book signature press

power-operated device used for flattening book signatures, which are fed and aligned manually

3.9
casing-in machine

〈hard-cover bookbinding〉 apparatus for gluing the end papers of the book signatures to the interior

surfaces of the book cover
3.10
clamp

device using pressure to secure product so that it does not move during an operation

2 © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
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3.11
coater

finishing machine that applies a predetermined thickness of a liquid substance (e.g. glue, varnish, ink)

on substrates made of paper or a similar material
3.12
counter-stacker

machine for stacking piles of leaflets, books, magazines or newspapers such that the successive layers

are positioned at 180° to the previous layer
3.13
cutting cycle

〈machines with (a) manually driven clamp(s)〉 (3.10) programmed succession of operations that begins

when the knife drive is activated and ends when the knife returns to its retracted position

3.14
cutting cycle

〈machines with (a) power-driven clamp(s)〉 (3.10) programmed succession of operations that begins

when high-pressure clamping is initiated and ends when the knife(knives) and clamp(s) return to their

retracted positions after a single clamp/knife stroke
3.15
cutting zone

three-dimensional space through which any part of the knife(knives) and/or clamp(s) (3.10) travels

during the entire cutting cycle (3.14)
3.16
gang stitcher

machine for stitching folded sheets of paper, during the operation in which individual folded sheets are

removed by feeding grippers and the open sheets are stacked on top of each other on a transport chain

for subsequent back-stitching
3.17
gathering machine
apparatus that assembles sheets or folded sheets in a binding line
3.18
guillotine cutter

power-driven machine having a single knife that is used primarily to cut paper products, stacks of

paper, or other substrates, as specified by the manufacturer

Note 1 to entry: to entry This definition includes equipment classified as mill trimmers.

3.19
high-pressure clamping

operation of clamp(s) (3.10) with a dynamic force in excess of 300 N for machines up to and including

1,6 m in width, or in excess of 500 N for machines greater than 1,6 m in width, when measured at 75 %

of the clamp opening (e.g. with the clamp at 25 % of its maximum travel distance measured from the

retracted position)

Note 1 to entry: to entry The 75 % value is to ensure that the measurement is made at the position that

approximates to the size of an operator's hand.
3.20
inserting machine

apparatus that inserts printed matter such as leaflets and magazines at a predetermined position in

other printed products, such as newspapers or magazines
3.21
knife drive

mechanism by which the knife of the guillotine is forced through the material to be cut

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3.22
laminator

paper-finishing machine that applies a solid material (e.g. foil, paper) to a substrate made of paper or a

similar material
3.23
low-pressure clamping

〈for machines with (a) power-driven clamp(s)〉 (3.10) operation of clamps with a dynamic force not

exc
...

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