Temporary edge protection systems - Product specification, test methods

This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for temporary edge protection systems for use during construction or maintenance of buildings and other structures.
This standard applies to edge protection systems for flat and inclined surfaces and specifies the requirements for three classes of temporary edge protection.
For edge protection systems with an arrest function (e.g. falling or sliding down a sloping roof) this standard specifies requirements for energy absorption.
This standard includes edge protection systems, some of which are fixed to the structure and others, which rely on gravity and friction on flat surfaces.
This standard does not provide requirements for edge protection systems intended for:
¾   Protection against impact from vehicles or from other mobile equipment,
¾   Protection from sliding down of bulk loose materials, snow etc.,
¾   Protection of the general public from falling.
This standard does not apply to side protection systems on scaffolds.

Temporäre Seitenschutzsysteme - Produktfestlegungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für temporäre Seitenschutzbauteile fest, die beim Bau oder bei der Instandhaltung von Gebäuden oder sonstigen Baukonstruktionen angewendet werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Seitenschutzbauteile an ebenen und geneigten Flächen und legt die Anforderungen an drei Klassen von temporären Seitenschutzsystemen fest.
Für Seitenschutzbauteile mit Auffangfunktion (z. B. beim Fallen oder Abgleiten von einer geneigten Dachfläche) werden in dieser Europäischen Norm Anforderungen an die Energieaufnahmefähigkeit festgelegt.
In dieser Europäischen Norm werden sowohl Seitenschutzbauteile erfasst, die mit der Konstruktion verbunden werden, als auch die, deren Lage auf ebenen Oberflächen durch Schwerkraft und Reibung gesichert wird.
In der Norm werden keine Anforderungen an Seitenschutzbauteile festgelegt, die vorgesehen sind für den Schutz
-   gegen Stöße durch Fahrzeuge oder andere bewegliche Geräte;
-   gegen das Abgleiten von losem Schüttgut, Schnee usw.;
-   von Passanten im öffentlichen Verkehr.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für Seitenschutzbauteile an Gerüsten.

Garde-corps périphériques temporaires - Spécification du produit, méthodes d'essai

La présente norme européenne spécifie les exigences de performance et les méthodes d'essai pour les garde-corps périphériques temporaires utilisés lors de la construction ou des opérations de maintenance de bâtiments et autres structures. Ces exigences sont destinées à empêcher la chute de personnes ou d'objets d'une extrémité ouverte, par exemple de la rive d'une dalle de plancher, en cours de construction, ou de rives de toit ouvertes, ainsi que de rives d'escaliers et de fouilles. Le présent document s'applique aux surfaces horizontales et inclinées.

Začasne ograje – Specifikacija proizvoda, metode preskušanja

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
01-Jun-2004
Withdrawal Date
07-May-2013
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
08-May-2013
Completion Date
08-May-2013

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Temporäre Seitenschutzsysteme - Produktfestlegungen und PrüfverfahrenGarde-corps périphériques temporaires - Spécification du produit, méthodes d'essaiTemporary edge protection systems - Product specification, test methods91.220Gradbena opremaConstruction equipment13.340.99Druga varovalna opremaOther protective equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13374:2004SIST EN 13374:2004en01-julij-2004SIST EN 13374:2004SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13374:2004

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13374June 2004ICS 91.220English versionTemporary edge protection systems - Product specification, testmethodsGarde-corps périphériques temporaires - Spécification duproduit, méthodes d'essaiTemporäre Seitenschutzsysteme - Produktfestlegungenund PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 December 2003.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2004 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13374:2004: ESIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 2 Contents Page 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................5 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................6 4 Classification of edge protection systems.........................................................................................8 4.1 Class A....................................................................................................................................................8 4.2 Class B....................................................................................................................................................9 4.3 Class C....................................................................................................................................................9 5 Requirements.........................................................................................................................................9 5.1 General....................................................................................................................................................9 5.2 Additional requirements for individual classes................................................................................10 5.3 Material.................................................................................................................................................12 6 Structural design.................................................................................................................................12 6.1 General..................................................................................................................................................12 6.2 Partial safety factors...........................................................................................................................13 6.3 Static loads...........................................................................................................................................14 6.4 Dynamic load........................................................................................................................................17 7 Test methods........................................................................................................................................17 7.1 General..................................................................................................................................................17 7.2 Applying the loads...............................................................................................................................18 7.3 Description of sample erection..........................................................................................................18 7.4 Tests for conformity with static load requirements (classes A and B)..........................................18 7.5 Tests for conformity with dynamic load requirements for classes B and C.................................20 7.6 Test reports..........................................................................................................................................23 8 Designation..........................................................................................................................................23 9 Marking.................................................................................................................................................23 10 Information to be given to the site.....................................................................................................24 10.1 General requirements..........................................................................................................................24 10.2 Principal contents................................................................................................................................24 11 Assessment..........................................................................................................................................24 Annex A (normative)

Test to establish the coefficient of friction................................................................25 A.1

Principle of the Test...........................................................................................................................25 A.3

Procedure............................................................................................................................................25 A.4

Test records..............................................................................................................................................25 Annex B (informative)

Appropriate classes for the use at different inclinations and falling heights......27

SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 3 Foreword This document EN 13374:2004 has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 53 “Temporary works equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2004, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2004. The standard is intended to cover equipment for temporary edge protection appropriate for use throughout Europe. Annex A is normative.

Annex B is informative. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Den-mark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxem-bourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 4 Introduction Temporary edge protection systems are used in construction work, primarily to prevent persons and objects from falling to a lower level from roofs, edges, stairs and other areas where protection is required. In several European countries temporary edge protection, or other types of fall protection devices, are re-quired when the fall height is more than 2 m. In contrast to being secured by a lanyard, greater mobility in the working area is provided when edge protection is in place. The temporary edge protection can in some situa-tions also act as a handrail for people to hold onto when working or walking close to an edge.

While this standard also includes requirements to protect people from falling objects, e.g. by the provision of toeboards, there could be circumstances where this is insufficient and additional measures, which are beyond the scope of this document, will need to be taken. Classes specified in this standard are intended to cater for the varied requirements appropriate for different uses. It is important that the structure to which temporary edge protection is attached can support the forces that the system is designed for. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the requirements and test methods for temporary edge protection systems for use during construction or maintenance of buildings and other structures. This standard applies to edge protection systems for flat and inclined surfaces and specifies the requirements for three classes of temporary edge protection.

For edge protection systems with an arrest function (e.g. falling or sliding down a sloping roof) this standard specifies requirements for energy absorption. This standard includes edge protection systems, some of which are fixed to the structure and others, which rely on gravity and friction on flat surfaces. This standard does not provide requirements for edge protection systems intended for:  Protection against impact from vehicles or from other mobile equipment,  Protection from sliding down of bulk loose materials, snow etc.,  Protection of the general public from falling. This standard does not apply to side protection systems on scaffolds. 2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments). prEN 74-1, Couplers, spigot pins and baseplates for use in falsework and scaffolds — Part 1: Couplers for tubes — Requirements and test methods. EN 338, Structural timber — Strength classes. EN 364:1992, Personal protective equipment against falls from a height — Test methods. EN 596, Timber structures - Test methods — Soft body impact test of timber framed walls. EN 1263-1, Safety nets — Part 1: Safety requirements, test methods. EN 12811-1, Temporary works equipment — Part 1: Scaffolds — Performance requirements and general de-sign. EN 12811-2, Temporary works equipment — Part 2: Information on materials. EN 12811-3:2002, Temporary works equipment — Part 3: Load testing. ENV 1990, Eurocode 1 — Basis of structural design. ENV 1993-1-1, Eurocode 3 — Design of steel structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings. ENV 1995-1-1, Eurocode 5 — Design of timber structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings. ENV 1999-1-1, Eurocode 9 — Design of aluminium structures — Part 1-1: General rules — General rules and rules for buildings. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 6 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this European Standard the following definitions apply. 3.1 edge protection system set of components intended to protect people from falling to a lower level and to retain materials, see Figure 1 3.2 principal guardrail rail or continuous element forming the top of the edge protection system 3.3 intermediate guardrail guardrail positioned between the principal guardrail and the working surface 3.4 intermediate protection protection barrier formed (e.g. as a fencing structure or a safety net) between the principal guardrail and the working surface, see Figure 2. 3.5 toeboard upstand provided specifically to prevent materials or persons from falling or sliding off a surface 3.6 post principal vertical support of the edge protection system to which the guardrails and toeboards are attached

3.7 falling height, HF

vertical distance between the point on which a person stands and the lowest point on the protection intended to arrest any fall NOTE See Figure 3. 3.8 height of the edge protection distance between the uppermost point of the principal guardrail and the working surface measured perpen-dicular to the working surface 3.9 working surface surface on which persons stand, walk or work. 3.10 counterweight component intended to restrain the edge protection system from sliding acting by friction or overturning NOTE

Figure 1 illustrates some of the various types of edge protection.
SIST EN 13374:2004
EN 13374:2004 (E) 7

Key 1 Slab edge clamp system 2 Fixed to floor type system 3 Counterweighted system 4 Beam top flange clamp system 5 Column clamp system – floors and flat roofs 6 Beam bottom flange clamp 7 Column clamp system – sloping roof 8 Fencing system

Figure 1 —
Diagrammatic examples of different types of temporary edge protection
SIST EN 13374:2004
EN 13374:2004 (E) 8
Figure 2 — Example of an edge protection system with
a net as intermediate protection on a sloping roof
Key Hf

Falling height α Angle of inclination of the working surface 1 Edge protection system Figure 3 — Falling height on an inclined surface 4 Classification of edge protection systems 4.1 Class A Class A protection provides resistance to static loads only, based on the requirements to:

 support a person leaning on the protection or provide a handhold when walking beside it; and  arrest a person who is walking or falling towards the protection. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 9 4.2 Class B Class B protection provides resistance to static loads and low dynamic forces only, based on the requirements to:  support a person leaning on the protection or provide a handhold when walking beside it; and  arrest a person who is walking or falling towards the protection;  arrest the fall of a person sliding down a sloping surface.

4.3 Class C Class C protection provides resistance to high dynamic forces based on the requirements to arrest the fall of a person sliding down a steeply sloping surface.  arrest the fall of a person sliding down a steeply sloping surface.

NOTE More guidance about the use of classes is given in annex B. 5 Requirements 5.1 General 5.1.1 Basic requirements An edge protection system shall comprise at least a principal guardrail and an intermediate guardrail or inter-mediate protection, and it shall be possible to attach a toeboard.

NOTE It is important that components

have a surface and be so located that injury to a person from puncturing or lacerating the skin is minimised. 5.1.2 Nets

Safety nets used as side protection shall be system U in accordance with EN 1263-1. 5.1.3 Principal guardrail The distance between the uppermost part of the edge protection and the working surface shall be at least 1,0 m measured perpendicular to the working surface, see Figures 4 . 5.1.4 Toeboard The upper edge of the toeboard shall be at least 150 mm above the working surface, see Figures 4 and 5. The toeboard should be designed to avoid gaps between it and the working surface on normally a flat working surface.

If there are gaps, a sphere with a diameter of 20 mm shall not pass through them. NOTE For other situations for example where the working surface is not flat, any gaps should be maintained as close as practicable to this figure. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 10 5.2 Additional requirements for individual classes 5.2.1 Edge protection system class A

The inclination of edge protection system class A shall not deviate from the vertical by more than 15°. If an intermediate guardrail is provided, any gap shall be so dimensioned that a sphere of 470 mm diameter will not pass through the protection. If there is no intermediate guardrail or if it is not continuous, the edge pro-tection system shall be so dimensioned that a sphere with a diameter of 250 mm will not pass through it. If it is not possible to verify the load requirements by calculation (see 6.1.1), the static load tests specified in 7.4.2 and 7.4.3 shall be carried out and for class A edge protection. In this case, to comply with this standard: a) On the completion of the test specified in 7.4.2 the adjusted elastic deflection δ shall not exceed the value specified in 6.3.5; b) On completion of the test specified in 7.4.3, the adjusted strength RU shall be not less than 1.2 times the maximum test load; and

c) The residual deflection, δ3, shall not exceed 10 % of the deflection at maximum load, δmax. NOTE

δ, δ3, δmax and RU are defined in 7.4.2 and 7.4.3.
Dimensions in millimetre
Figure 4 —

Limiting dimensions for class A edge protection 5.2.2 Edge protection system class B

The inclination of edge protection system class B shall not deviate from the vertical line AC by more than 15°, see Figure 5.

Any gap in a class B side protection shall be so dimensioned that a sphere of 250 mm diameter will not pass through the protection.

SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 11 If it is not possible to verify the load requirements by calculation (see 6.1.1), the static load tests specified in 7.4.2 and 7.4.3 shall be carried out and for class B edge protection. In this case, to comply with this standard: a) On the completion of the test specified in 7.4.2 the adjusted elastic deflection δ shall not exceed the value specified in 6.3.5; and b) On completion of the test specified in 7.4.3, the adjusted strength RU shall be not less than 1.2 times the maximum test load; and c) The residual deflection, δ3, shall not exceed 10 % of the deflection at maximum load, δmax. Note: δ, δ3, δmax and RU are defined in 7.4.2 and 7.4.3.

Class B edge protection shall provide resistance to the dynamic loads specified in 6.4.2.

5.2.3 Edge protection system class C

The inclination of the side protection shall be between the vertical, line AC of Figure 5, and perpendicular to the surface, represented by the line BC.Gaps in class C

edge protection

shall be dimensioned so that a sphere with a diameter of 100 mm will not pass through them. Class C edge protection shall provide resistance to the dynamic loads specified in 6.4.3.

Key AC vertical line

BC line perpendicular to working surface α angle of inclination of the working surface

angle between the line AC and the edge protection (maximum for class B is 15o)

Figure 5 — The inclination of the edge protection systems classes B and C SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 12 5.3 Material 5.3.1 General Materials shall fulfil the requirements given in European Standards, where design data are provided. For other materials, shall be in accordance with appropriate European Standards. If European Standards do not exist, ISO Standards may be applied.

Materials shall be sufficiently robust and durable to withstand normal working conditions. Materials shall be free from any impurities and defects, which may affect their satisfactory use. Information about the most commonly used materials is given in EN 12811-2. Material requirements for nets are given in EN 1263-1. 5.3.2 Steel Steels of deoxidation type FU (rimming steels) shall not be used.

Information on common types of corrosion protection is given in EN 12811-2. Where it is intended to use couplers in accordance with prEN 74-1, the tubes of the protection shall have a minimum nominal yield stress of 235 N/mm2 and a minimum nominal wall thickness of 3,2 mm. 5.3.3 Aluminium Where couplers complying with prEN 74-1 are used to connect loose tubes, the tubes must have a minimum nominal 0,2 % proof stress of 195 N/mm2 and a minimum nominal wall thickness of 4,0 mm. 5.3.4 Timber Timber shall be stress graded in accordance with EN 338. If a protective coating is used, it shall not prevent the discovery of defects in the material. Plywood shall have at least 5 plies and shall have a minimum thickness of 9 mm. In addition, it shall have good durability with regard to climatic conditions – see 6.1.1 for service class requirements. 5.3.5 Material for counterweights The materials employed shall be solid. Granulated or fluid materials such as sand or water shall not be used. Each counterweight shall be capable of being positively secured against accidental displacement. 6 Structural design 6.1 General 6.1.1 Method of design If not specified otherwise the design has to be carried out following the limit state method. All loads specified in this standard shall be treated as characteristic loads. NOTE Characteristic loads means that partial safety factors shall be applied. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 13 The edge protection system, as well as each component, shall fulfil the individual load requirements sepa-rately. When it is not possible

to verify the design assumption adequately by calculation, confirmation testing shall be carried out. Design shall be carried out in accordance with the European Standards for structural engineering. The

stan-dards include: For steel: ENV 1993-1-1 For aluminium: ENV 1999-1-1 For timber: ENV 1995-1-1 For design: EN1990 If there are conflicts between provisions in this standard and other standards, e.g. ENVs, then the provisions in this standard shall have precedence. When using ENV 1995-1-1 the following characteristics shall be used. Load duration:  instantaneous for accidental load;  short-term duration for other loads. Service class:  class 2. Modulus of elasticity:  Emean for serviceability limit state;  E0,05 for ultimate limit state. 6.2 Partial safety factors 6.2.1 Ultimate limit state For the ultimate limit state, partial safety factors shall be:  γF = 0,9 for favourable loads, for example counterweight when calculating the stability of counterweighted protection;  γF = 1,5 for all permanent and variable loads;  γM = 1,1 for ductile metallic materials ( some ductility limits are given in EN 12811-2);  γM = 1,25 for brittle metallic materials;  γM = 1,3 for timber. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 14 6.2.2 Serviceability limit state For serviceability limit state, partial safety factors shall be:  γF = 1,0 for all loads;  γM = 1,0 for all materials. 6.2.3 Limit state for accidental actions For the accidental actions given in 6.3.5, partial safety factors shall be:

 γF = 1,0 for loads FD;  γM = 1,0 for all materials. 6.3 Static loads 6.3.1 Horizontal load FH (acting perpendicular to the edge protection system) 6.3.1.1 General Each edge protection

and each of its components, except toeboards, shall be designed to withstand a load FH1 = 0,3 kN applied perpendicular to the axis of the post, see Figure 6. 6.3.1.2 Nets The fixing of each net shall satisfy the load requirements for each class. 6.3.1.3 Toeboards

Each toeboards shall be designed to withstand a load FH2 = 0,2 kN at
the most onerous position. 6.3.1.4 Area of application.

The loads referred to above are essentially point loads but they shall be assumed to be distributed upon a maximum area of 100 mm × 100 mm. For a net or a fencing structure, this load shall be assumed to be uni-formly distributed upon a maximum area of 300 mm × 300 mm.

SIST EN 13374:2004
EN 13374:2004 (E) 15
Key

FD = 1,25 kN FT1 = 0,3 kN (maximum deflection 55 mm) FT2 = 0,2 kN (maximum deflection 55 mm) FH1 = 0,3 kN FH2 = 0,3 kN FT1 Force applied to meet deflection requirement (applied to guardrails and posts perpendicular to the plane of the system) FT2 Force applied to meet deflection requirement (applied to the toeboard) FH1 Force applied to meet strength requirement (applied anywhere perpendicular to the plane of the system except toeboards) FH2 Force applied to meet strength requirement (applied to the toeboard) FD

Accidental loading Figure 6 — Loads perpendicular, horizontal and vertical, to the system 6.3.2 Loads parallel to the guardrail Each edge protection

and each of its components shall severally be capable of
withstanding a horizontal force of
0,2 kNat the most onerous point, see Figure 7.

Figure 7 — Loads parallel to the guardrail 6.3.3 Wind forces 6.3.3.1 General The edge protection system shall withstand the force from wind load.

6.3.3.2 Evaluating wind forces

Wind forces, Fw, shall be calculated by assuming a wind velocity pressure to be applied on an effective area of the edge protection system, which is in general the projected area in the wind direction, not taking shielding into account. It shall be determined as follows: Fw = Σ ( cf,i · qi · Ai ) SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 16 where Fw is the resulting wind force cf,i is the aerodynamic force coefficient for the edge protection components i (cf0 may be used uncor-rected)

cf0

is the force coefficient of a component with infinite slenderness ratio qi is the wind velocity pressure acting on the edge protection components i and shall be taken as 0,6 kN/m2

Ai is the reference area of the edge protection components

NOTE 1 The aerodynamic force coefficient cf,i appropriate to the cross section of the edge protection components in question is given in ENV 1991-2-4.

For any cross-sections, not included in ENV 1991-2-4, the aerodynamic force coefficient may not be assumed to be less than 2,0, unless it has been established by testing. NOTE 2 0,6 kN/m2 covers most wind conditions in Europe. More onerous conditions may occur. The wind velocity pressure is based upon 40 meters height and an exposure period of 6 months and represents a wind speed of approxi-mately 30 m/s. Where wind is shown to be the governing load case, i.e. its effects are greater than the effect of the 0,3 kN specified, the edge protection shall be shown to withstand the wind load by calculation. 6.3.4 Load combinations Load combinations, consisting of the following loads shall be designed for:  The horizontal loads according to cl. 6.3.1;  Wind load according to cl. 6.3.3, where qi may be taken to the value of 0,2 kN/m2. Only the ultimate limit state has to be considered. 6.3.5 Serviceability limit state The elastic deflection shall not be greater than 55 mm. The elastic deflection specified is defined as the de-flection of the whole assembled system where either the force FT1 or FT2 is applied, at the most unfavourable position, see Figure 6. 6.3.6 Accidental loading Any guardrail or intermediate guardrail or toeboard, regardless of its method of support, shall be capable of resisting a downwards point load FD = 1,25 kN on a length of 100 mm. This also applies to any other compo-nent of the edge protection systems, such as a fencing structure, which has gaps in excess of 100 mm width, see Figure 6. This load shall be applied in the most unfavourable position of the edge protection system in a downward di-rection within a sector of ± 10° from the vertical. SIST EN 13374:2004

EN 13374:2004 (E) 17 6.4 Dynamic load

6.4.1 Edge protection system class A This standard does not specify any dynamic loading . 6.4.2 Edge protection system class B Class B edge protection shall be capable of absorbing a kinetic energy of 1100 J anywhere along the protec-tion up to a height of 200 mm above the working surface and 500 J at all higher parts. The dynamic test specified in 7.5.2.1 shall be carried out. For class B edge protection to comply with the dynamic strength requirements of this standard, the sphericonical bag shall be arrested by the edge protection.

The system does not need to be serviceable after the test. NOTE The intention is to consider a requirement for minimum deflection in a future revision of this standard. A rele-vant value of the minimum deflection may be 100 mm. 6.4.3 Edge protection system class C Class C edge protection shall be capable of absorbing 2200 J of kinetic energy anywhere along the protection up to a height of 200 mm above the working surface. The dynamic load test specified in 7.5.2.2 shall be carried out.

For class C edge protection to comply with the requirements of this standard: a) the cylindrical impactor shall not pass through the edge protection; and

b) the minimum deflection between the posts δmin (at a level 200 mm above the working surface) shall be 200 mm, at the moment when this energy has been absorbed.

The system does not need to be serviceable after the test. NOTE The intention is that the deflection requirement of a minimum 200 mm should be applied to every part of the system (at a level 200 mm above the bottom), once a satisfactory practical solution is available, i. e. also to apply the re-quirements to the supports. At the time of writing this standard the state-of-the-art means that it is not practicable to apply the deflection requirement to the posts or close by. 7

Test methods 7.1 General The test shall be carried out in accordance with the requirements in clause 7 of this standard, and additionally relevant European Standards shall be used. Unless otherwise indicated in the following, testing shall be con-ducted by way of visual examination and measurement.

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