Child care articles - Bath tubs, stands and non-standalone bathing aids - Safety requirements and test methods

This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for children’s bath tubs and stands and for non-standalone bathing aids that are designed and intended to be used only in conjunction with a children’s bath tub.
This document does not cover children’s bath tubs and stands and non-standalone bathing aids designed for children with special needs.
NOTE 1   Standalone bathing aids are covered in EN 17022.
NOTE 2   Where the product has several functions or can be converted into another function it is due to comply with relevant standard(s).

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Badewannen, Gestelle und nicht freistehende Badehilfen - Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Kinderbadewannen und Gestelle sowie für nicht freistehende Badehilfen fest, die ausschließlich für die Verwendung in Kombination mit Kinderbadewannen ausgelegt und bestimmt sind.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Badewannen und Gestelle sowie nicht freistehende Badehilfen, die für Kinder mit besonderen Bedürfnissen konzipiert sind.
ANMERKUNG 1   Freistehende Badehilfen werden in FprEN 17022 behandelt.
ANMERKUNG 2   Wenn das Produkt unterschiedliche Funktionen hat oder in eine andere Funktion umgewandelt werden kann, muss es mit der (den) entsprechenden Norm(en) übereinstimmen.

Articles de puériculture - Baignoires, supports et aides au bain non indépendantes - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essai

Le présent document spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux baignoires pour enfant et à leurs supports, et aux aides au bain non indépendantes conçues et destinées à être utilisées uniquement en conjonction avec une baignoire pour enfant.
Le présent document ne couvre pas les baignoires pour enfant et leurs supports et les aides au bain non indépendantes destinées aux enfants ayant des besoins particuliers.
NOTE 1   Les aides au bain non intégrées sont couvertes par l'EN 17022.
NOTE 2   Quand le produit possède plusieurs fonctions ou peut être converti en une autre fonction, la ou les normes applicables doivent être respectées.

Izdelki za otroke - Kopalne kadi, podstavki in nesamostoječi kopalni pripomočki - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za otroške kopalne kadi in podstavke ter za nesamostoječe kopalne pripomočke, ki so namenjeni za uporabo v povezavi z otroško kadjo. Ta evropski standard ne zajema kopalnih kadi in kopalnih podstavkov, namenjenih otrokom s posebnimi potrebami. OPOMBA: Če ima izdelek več funkcij ali je mogoče njegovo funkcijo spremeniti, zanjo veljajo zadevni evropski standardi.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Dec-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
19-Dec-2018
Completion Date
19-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder - Badewannen und Gestelle - Sicherheitsanforderungen und PrüfverfahrenArticles de puériculture - Baignoires et supports - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essaiChild care articles - Bath tubs, stands and non-standalone bathing aids - Safety requirements and test methods97.190Otroška opremaEquipment for childrenICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 17072:2018SIST EN 17072:2019en,fr,de01-april-2019SIST EN 17072:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 17072:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 17072
December
t r s z ICS
{ yä s { r English Version

Child care articles æ Bath tubsá stands and nonæstandalone bathing aids æ Safety requirements and test methods Articles de puériculture æ Baignoiresá supports et aides au bain non indépendantes æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai

Artikel für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder æ Badewannená Gestelle und nicht freistehende Badehilfen æ Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s { October
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s y r y tã t r s z ESIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.1 Test probes for finger entrapment ........................................................................................................... 7 4.1.1 Test probes with hemispherical end ........................................................................................................ 7 4.1.2 Shape assessment probe .............................................................................................................................. 8 4.2 Test probes for head entrapment ............................................................................................................. 8 4.2.1 Small head probe ............................................................................................................................................. 8 4.2.2 Large head probe ............................................................................................................................................ 9 4.2.3 Template for partially bound and V shaped openings ...................................................................... 9 4.3 Test mass A ..................................................................................................................................................... 10 4.4 Small parts cylinder .................................................................................................................................... 11 4.5 Feeler gauge ................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.6 Test glass surface ......................................................................................................................................... 12 4.7 Test surface for drop test and impact test .......................................................................................... 12 4.8 Tube .................................................................................................................................................................. 12 4.9 Steel ball .......................................................................................................................................................... 13 4.10 Test beam ........................................................................................................................................................ 13 4.11 Test base for bath mounted supports ................................................................................................... 13 5 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 14 5.1 Product conditioning .................................................................................................................................. 14 5.2 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 15 5.3 Application of forces ................................................................................................................................... 15 5.4 Tolerances ...................................................................................................................................................... 15 5.5 Order of test ................................................................................................................................................... 15 6 Chemical hazards — Migration of certain elements (see A.2) ..................................................... 15 7 Mechanical hazards (see A.3) .................................................................................................................. 16 7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 7.2 Entrapment hazards.................................................................................................................................... 16 7.2.1 Entrapment of fingers ................................................................................................................................. 16 7.2.2 Entrapment of head ..................................................................................................................................... 17 7.3 Hazards due to moving parts ................................................................................................................... 19 7.3.1 Requirements for compression points ................................................................................................. 19 7.3.2 Requirements for shear points ............................................................................................................... 20 7.4 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 20 7.4.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 20 7.4.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................... 21 7.5 Choking and ingestion hazards ............................................................................................................... 21 7.5.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................ 21 7.5.2 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 21 7.6 Suffocation hazards — Plastic packaging ............................................................................................ 22 7.7 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts .............................................................................. 22 SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 3 7.8 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity ................................................................................... 23 7.8.1 Thermal shock ............................................................................................................................................... 23 7.8.2 Static strength of bath tubs ....................................................................................................................... 23 7.8.3 Static strength of non-standalone bathing aids ................................................................................. 23 7.8.4 Static strength of stands ............................................................................................................................. 24 7.8.5 Strength and retention of suction cups ................................................................................................. 24 7.8.6 Impact test ....................................................................................................................................................... 24 7.9 Hazards due to folding or adjusting of the product .......................................................................... 25 7.9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25 7.9.2 Attachment device(s) for non-standalone bathing aids ................................................................. 25 7.9.3 Foldable bath tubs ........................................................................................................................................ 25 7.9.4 Stands ................................................................................................................................................................ 26 7.10 Hazards due to plastic decals ................................................................................................................... 27 7.10.1 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................... 27 7.10.2 Conditioning of plastic decals .................................................................................................................. 27 7.11 Castors/wheels .............................................................................................................................................. 27 7.11.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 27 7.11.2 Requirements for parking device ........................................................................................................... 27 7.11.3 Test methods for lockable wheels .......................................................................................................... 27 7.12 Hazards due to inadequate stability ...................................................................................................... 28 7.12.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 28 7.12.2 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................. 29 8 Product information .................................................................................................................................... 30 8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 30 8.2 Marking of the product ............................................................................................................................... 31 8.2.1 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................. 31 8.2.2 Durability of marking .................................................................................................................................. 32 8.2.3 Test method for durability of marking ................................................................................................. 32 8.2.4 Determination of maximum level of water for non-standalone bath cradles and integrated bath cradles .............................................................................................................................. 32 8.3 Purchase information ................................................................................................................................. 33 8.4 Instructions for use ...................................................................................................................................... 33 Annex A (informative)

Rationales ......................................................................................................................... 36 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36 A.2 Chemical hazards (see Clause 6) ............................................................................................................. 36 A.3 Mechanical hazards (see Clause 7) ......................................................................................................... 36 A.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 36 A.3.2 Entrapment hazards .................................................................................................................................... 36 A.3.3 Hazards due to moving parts .................................................................................................................... 36 A.3.4 Entanglement hazards ................................................................................................................................ 37 A.3.5 Choking and ingestion hazards ................................................................................................................ 37 A.3.6 Suffocation hazards...................................................................................................................................... 37 A.3.7 Hazardous edges, corners and protruding parts .............................................................................. 37 A.3.8 Hazards from inadequate structural integrity ................................................................................... 37 A.3.9 Hazards due to folding or adjusting of the product .......................................................................... 37 A.3.10 Plastic decals .................................................................................................................................................. 38 A.3.11 Hazards due to inadequate stability ...................................................................................................... 38 A.4 Drowning hazard .......................................................................................................................................... 38 A.5 Thermal hazards ........................................................................................................................................... 38 Annex B (normative)

Warnings .............................................................................................................................. 39 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 46 SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 17072:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 252 “Child care articles”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under Mandate M/464 given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 5 1 Scope This document specifies safety requirements and test methods for children’s bath tubs and stands and for non-standalone bathing aids that are designed and intended to be used only in conjunction with a children’s bath tub. This document does not cover children’s bath tubs and stands and non-standalone bathing aids designed for children with special needs. NOTE 1 Standalone bathing aids are covered in EN 17022. NOTE 2 Where the product has several functions or can be converted into another function it is due to comply with relevant standard(s). 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 71-3, Safety of toys — Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN ISO 291, Plastics — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing (ISO 291) ISO 7619-1, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of indentation hardness — Part 1: Durometer method (Shore hardness) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses: — IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/ — ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 children's bath tub product providing containment of water by itself, designed for bathing children, which can be used as stand-alone product or combined with stands Note 1 to entry: A bath tub can also be foldable or can comprise integral parts that can be folded or adjusted (e.g. foldable legs). Note 2 to entry: When the wording “bath tub” is used in the standard it refers to children’s bath tubs unless otherwise stated. 3.2 stand static structure, not integrated into the children’s bath tub, designed to accommodate, support and elevate a children’s bath tub Note 1 to entry: A stand can either be standalone or be designed to be fitted over an adult bath tub. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 6 3.3 non-standalone bathing aid product, that does not provide containment of water by itself and requires a child’s bath tub to stand Example: Figure 1 shows an example of a non-standalone bathing aid.

Key A non-standalone bathing aid B child’s bath tub Figure 1 — Example of non-standalone bathing aids 3.3.1 non-standalone bath cradle non standalone bathing aid designed to keep a child in a reclined position during bathing Note 1 to entry: These products are intended for use from birth and until the child is able to sit upright unassisted. 3.3.2 non-standalone bath seat non-standalone bathing aid designed to keep a child in a seated position during bathing Note 1 to entry: These products are intended for use with a child who is able to sit upright unassisted and until the child begins pulling up to a standing position. 3.4 integrated bath cradle non-removable part of a children’s bath tub designed to keep a child in a reclined position during bathing. See Figure 2. Note 1 to entry: These products are intended for use from birth and until the child is able to sit upright unassisted. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 7

Figure 2 — Example of integrated bath cradle 4 Test equipment 4.1 Test probes for finger entrapment 4.1.1 Test probes with hemispherical end Probes made from plastic or other hard, smooth material of diameters ()−0017, mm and ()+01012, mm with a full hemispherical end that can be mounted on a force-measuring device, see Figure 3. Mesh probe made from plastic or other hard, smooth material as shown in Figure 4. Dimensions in millimetres

Key Probe type 7 mm probe 12 mm probe Diameter A 0-017, +01012, Radius RB half of diameter A half of diameter A 1 Line scribed around circumference showing depth of penetration Figure 3 — Test probes with hemispherical end SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 8 Dimensions in millimetres

Key Probe type mesh probe Diameter A −0017, Diameter B −00156,, Radius RB half of diameter B Figure 4 — Test probe for mesh 4.1.2 Shape assessment probe Probe made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions shown in Figure 5. Dimensions in millimetres

Key A front view B top view C side view D 3D view Figure 5 — Shape assessment probe 4.2 Test probes for head entrapment 4.2.1 Small head probe Probe made of hard and smooth material with dimensions as shown in Figure 6. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 9 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 handle Figure 6 — Small head probe 4.2.2 Large head probe Probe made of hard and smooth material with dimensions as shown in Figure 7. Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 handle Figure 7 — Large head probe 4.2.3 Template for partially bound and V shaped openings Probe made of hard and smooth material with dimensions as shown in Figure 8. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 10 Dimensions in millimetres

a) b) Key 1 B portion 2 A portion a) front view b) side view Figure 8 — Template for partially bound and V shaped openings 4.3 Test mass A A rigid cylinder (160 ± 5) mm in diameter and (300 ± 5) mm in height, having a mass of 9 kg and with its centre of gravity in the centre of the cylinder. All edges shall have a radius of (5 ± 1) mm. Two anchorage points shall be provided. These shall be positioned (150 ± 2,5) mm from the base and at 180° to each other around the circumference (see Figure 9). SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 11 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 radius: (5 ± 1) mm 2 two anchorage points Figure 9 — Test mass A 4.4 Small parts cylinder Small parts cylinder for the assessment of small components, having dimensions in accordance with Figure 10. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 12 Dimension in millimetres

Figure 10 — Small parts cylinder 4.5 Feeler gauge Gauge with a thickness of (0,4 ± 0,02) mm and an insertion edge radius of (3 ± 0,5) mm (Figure 11). Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 11 — Feeler gauge 4.6 Test glass surface A rigid plane covered with uncoated tempered float glass that has a smooth surface and thickness of 6 mm. 4.7 Test surface for drop test and impact test A 2 mm thick rubber mat, with hardness (75 ± 10) Shore A according to ISO 7619-1, and which is placed on a horizontal concrete surface. 4.8 Tube Tube with an inner diameter of 60 mm. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 13 4.9 Steel ball Solid steel sphere with a diameter of 50 mm and a mass of (510 ± 10) g. 4.10 Test beam Test beam with a width of 80 mm, a length of 1 100 mm and a mass of 1,75 kg ± 0,01 kg. The test beam shall have holes with a diameter of 8 (+ 0,2/0) mm, drilled through its 80 mm wide face and symmetrically placed about its centre point. There shall be pairs of holes with distances between the centre points of the two holes equal to: 372 mm, 542 mm, 642 mm, 742 mm. An additional hole is required at the centre point of the test beam. 4.11 Test base for bath mounted supports Test base for bath mounted supports representing the upper bath wall section made of hard and smooth material with dimensions in accordance with Figure 12. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 14 Dimensions in millimetres

Key 1 inside 2 outside 3 bath mounted support 4 bath test base Figure 12 — Test base for bath mounted supports The profiles shall be fixed parallel to the distance equal to the minimum bath dimension recommended by the manufacturer of the bath mounted supports. 5 General requirements 5.1 Product conditioning Products containing vulcanized rubber and thermoplastic elastomer parts (but not silicone parts) shall be artificially aged for seven days in an aerated drying cabinet at a temperature of (70 ± 2) °C. All products shall be conditioned for at least 24 h, in a standard atmosphere (as specified in EN ISO 291) at a temperature of (23 ± 2) °C and relative humidity of (50 ± 5) %. SIST EN 17072:2019

EN 17072:2018 (E) 15 5.2 Test conditions The tests shall be carried out at a temperature of (23 ± 5) °C. The tests are designed to be applied to a product that is fully assembled according to manufacturer’s instructions and in the normal position of use. If the instructions allow for different adjustments or configurations of components, the most onerous combination shall be used for each test, unless otherwise specified in the test method. When steel shots are used as a test mass, they can be put in bags that due to their dimensions and/or design do not affect the evenly distribution of the weight. 5.3 Application of forces The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that negligible dynamic force is applied. 5.4 Tolerances Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply: — Forces: ±5 % of the nominal force; — Masses: ±0,5 % of the nominal mass; — Dimensions: ±1,0 mm; — Angles: ±2°; — Positioning of loading pads: ±5 mm; — Duration of forces: ±1 s. The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can however be used: 1 kg mass may be used for 10 N force. Unless otherwise specified, the test forces may be applied by any suitable device which does not adversely affect the results. 5.5 Order of test Unless otherwise stated, the requirements of Clause 7 shall be assessed on the same product in the order listed in this standard. 6 Chemical hazards — Migration of certain elements (see A.2) The migration of elements from materials on exterior surfaces shall not exceed the limits listed below: Element

mg/kg Aluminium
70 000 Antimony
560 Arsenic
47 Barium
18 750 Boron
15 000 Cadmium
17 Chromium (III)
460 SIST EN 17072:2019
EN 17072:2018 (E) 16 Chromium (VI)
0,2 Cobalt
130 Copper
7 700 Lead
23 Manganese
15 000 Mercury
94 Nickel
930 Selenium
460 Strontium
56 000 Tin
180 000 Organic tin
12 Zinc

46 000 When testing is performed the method specified in EN 71-3 shall be used. A separate sample may be used for these tests. 7 Mechanical hazards (see A.3) 7.1 General No harness shall be provided as a child restraint system. 7.2 Entrapment hazards 7.2.1 Entrapment of fingers 7.2.1.1 Requirement There shall be no accessible completely bounded openings in rigid materials, in the inner and upper surface that supports the child and on the exterior side of the bath tub up to 100 mm from the bath tub rim, between 7 mm and 12 mm unless the depth is less than 10 mm or unless the shape assessment probe, see 4.1.2, enters, when tested in accordance with 7.2.1.2. There shall be no accessible openings in mesh, in the inner and upper surface that supports the child and on the exterior side of the bath tub up to 100 mm from the bath tub rim, that allow the test probe for mesh, 4.1.1, to penetrate up to the 7 mm diameter section, when tested in accordance with 7.2.1.2. The test shall be carried out with the product in any intended position of use without any test mass and with test mass A (see 4.3). 7.2.1.2 Test method Check whether the 7 mm probe, 4.1.1, with an applied force of up to 30 N, enters 10 mm or more into any accessible completely bounded opening in any possible orientation. If the 7 mm probe enters 10 mm or more, then the 12 mm probe, 4.1.1, shall

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