Characterisation of sludges - Settling properties - Part 3: Determination of zone settling velocity (ZSV)

This document specifies a method for determining the zone settling velocity (ZSV) and the Compression point.
This document is applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions from:
-   storm water handling;
-   urban wastewater collecting systems;
-   urban wastewater treatment plants;
-   plants treating industrial wastewater similar to urban wastewater (as defined in Directive 91/271/EEC);
-   water supply treatment plants.
This method is also applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions of other origins.

Charakterisierung von Schlämmen - Absetzeigenschaften - Teil 3: Bestimmung der Zonen-Absetzgeschwindigkeit (ZSV)

Dieses Dokument legt ein Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Zonen Absetzgeschwindigkeit (en: zone settling velocity, ZSV) und des Kompressionspunktes fest.
Dieses Dokument gilt für Schlamm und Schlammsuspensionen aus den folgenden Bereichen:
- Behandlung von Regenwasser;
- Kanalisationssysteme für kommunales Abwasser;
- Anlagen für die Behandlung von kommunalem Abwasser;
- Anlagen für die Behandlung von industriellem Abwasser, die auf ähnliche Weise erfolgt wie die von kommunalem Abwasser (wie in Richtlinie 91/271/EWG festgelegt);
- Aufbereitungsanlagen für die Wasserversorgung.
Dieses Verfahren ist auch auf Schlamm und Schlammsuspensionen anderer Herkunft anwendbar.

Caractérisation des boues - Propriétés de sédimentation - Partie 3 : Détermination de la vitesse du front de sédimentation (ZSV)

Le présent document spécifie une méthode de détermination de la vitesse du front de sédimentation (ZSV) et du point de compression.
Le présent document est applicable aux boues et suspensions de boues provenant :
-   de la collecte des eaux pluviales ;
-   des systèmes de collecte des eaux usées urbaines ;
-   des stations d’épuration des eaux usées urbaines ;
-   des stations d’épuration des eaux industrielles assimilées (telles que définies par la Directive 91/271/CEE) ;
-   des stations de traitement des eaux de distribution.
Cette méthode s’applique également aux boues et aux suspensions de boues d’autres origines.

Karakterizacija blata - Lastnosti usedanja - 3. del: Določevanje hitrosti usedanja po območjih

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda določa metodo za določanje hitrosti namestitve območja (ZSV) in točke kompresije.
Ta osnutek evropskega standarda se uporablja za blato in suspenzije blata iz:
– sistemov za zbiranje deževnice;
– zbiralnih sistemov za mestno odpadno vodo;
– čistilnih naprav za mestno odpadno vodo;
– naprav za čiščenje industrijske odpadne vode na podoben način kot komunalne odpadne vode (kot je opredeljeno v Direktivi 91/271/EGS);
– čistilnih naprav v sistemih oskrbe z vodo.
Ta metoda se uporablja tudi za blato in suspenzije blata drugega izvora.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Feb-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
20-Feb-2019
Completion Date
20-Feb-2019

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 14702-3:2019 - BARVE na PDF-str 11,14,15,17
English language
21 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.REPRþMLKCharakterisierung von Schlämmen - Absetzeigenschaften - Teil 3: Bestimmung der SinkgeschwindigkeitCaractérisation et management des boues - Détermination des propriétés de sédimentation - Partie 3: Détermination de la vitesse de sédimentationCharacterisation of sludges - Settling properties - Part 3: Determination of zone settling velocity (ZSV)13.030.20Liquid wastes. SludgeICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14702-3:2019SIST EN 14702-3:2019en,fr,de01-april-2019SIST EN 14702-3:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 14702-3:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14702-3
February
t r s { ICS
s uä r u rä t r English Version
Characterisation of sludges æ Settling properties æ Part
uã Caractérisation des boues æ Propriétés de sédimentation æ Partie
u ã Détermination de la vitesse
Charakterisierung von Schlämmen æ Absetzeigenschaften æ Teil

uã Bestimmung der Sinkgeschwindigkeit This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s v December
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s { CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s v y r tæ uã t r s { ESIST EN 14702-3:2019

EN 14702-3:2019 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Principle ............................................................................................................................................................. 6 5 Interferences .................................................................................................................................................... 6 6 Equipment ......................................................................................................................................................... 7 7 Procedure .......................................................................................................................................................... 8 8 Expression of the results .............................................................................................................................. 8 9 Precision ............................................................................................................................................................ 9 10 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................... 10 Annex A (informative)

Settling apparatus .......................................................................................................... 11 Annex B (informative)

Measurement of settling velocity according to different cases ..................... 12 B.1 Measurement of settling velocity by measuring the interface position between supernatant and settled particles ........................................................................................................... 12 B.2 Measurement of settling velocity in absence of interface .............................................................. 13 Annex C (informative)

Determination of the theoretical area of the thickener by Talmage and Fitch method .......................................................................................................................................... 15 Annex D (informative)

Results of validation trials for zone settling velocity (ZSV) and Compression point ....................................................................................................................................... 16 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 21

SIST EN 14702-3:2019
EN 14702-3:2019 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN

s v y r t-3:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 308 “Characterization and management of sludge”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. The EN

s v y r t series consists of the following parts: — Characterisation of sludges — Settling properties — Part 1: Determination of settleability (Determination of the proportion of sludge volume and sludge volume index); — Characterisation of sludges — Settling properties — Part 2: Determination of thickenability; — Characterisation of sludges — Settling properties — Part 3: Determination of zone settling velocity (ZSV). According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14702-3:2019

EN 14702-3:2019 (E) 4 Introduction In wastewater treatment plants, sludge thickening occurs in the lower layers of clarifiers and in separate thickening tanks. Due to wide variation in sludge settling properties, design criteria for these processes are mostly based on batch thickening tests. A number of parameters have been developed to obtain a quantitative measure of the settleability of sludge. All of these tests are based on one of two basic approaches. The first approach uses the volume of the sludge occupied after a fixed period of settlement. In this approach laboratory tests [1], [2] are conducted by allowing a sludge to thicken in a small graduated cylinder, without (SVI: Sludge Volume Index) or with stirring (SSVI: Stirred Sludge Volume Index) and evaluating the proportion of the sludge volume is recorded. These characterization tests are easily performed and have a widespread use in routine process control for sludge quality comparison in settling tanks or by scientists who tried to correlate these indexes to sludge velocity and to aid thickeners and settling basin design [3]. The use of these indexes for sizing/optimizing decanters and static thickeners should be done with care as they are influenced by laboratory artefacts (channelling and bridging effects, turbulences caused by filling, shallow depth by partial support through the solids from the bottom to the vessel, impact of stirring on sludge) [4]. The second approach uses the subsidence velocity of the solid/liquid interface of the sludge at its initial concentration calculated from the straight-line portion of the resulting curve. This parameter should be measured in large-diameter columns having a depth with the same order of magnitude as industrial thickener. Following the interface between the solid and liquid phase enables the determination of the (zone) settling (or sedimentation) velocity (SV) of the sludge (initial slope of the curve) and compression point (intersection of the linear sedimentation zone and the asymptotic falling zone). The use of sedimentation curve data after the compression point enables to calculate the required time and theoretical area of the thickener to obtain the desired sediment concentration [5]. The sedimentation velocity and compression point are basic parameter for decanters/static thickeners sizing [6] and are linked directly to phenomena occurring in the industrial devices. This measurement can evaluate the impact of sludge chemical conditioning on the size and design of the thickener or on the process productivity. A decanter/thickener well sized will enable further sludge treatment as lowest cost for its volume reduction. SIST EN 14702-3:2019

EN 14702-3:2019 (E) 5 1 Scope This document specifies a method for determining the zone settling velocity (ZSV) and the Compression point. This document is applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions from: — storm water handling; — urban wastewater collecting systems; — urban wastewater treatment plants; — plants treating industrial wastewater similar to urban wastewater (as defined in Directive

— water supply treatment plants. This method is also applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions of other origins. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN

s v y v t, Characterization of sludges — Laboratory chemical conditioning procedure EN 16323, Glossary of wastewater engineering terms 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 16323 and the following apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 settleability ability of solids of a suspension to separate from water under gravity 3.2 zone settling (or sedimentation) velocity ZSV vertical distance covered by a group of particles per time unit 3.3 compression point critical time in a sedimentation under gravity where the sludge in the thickening zone begins to compress 3.4 theoretical thickener area required area per unit of solids and time to concentrate sludge according a given factor SIST EN 14702-3:2019

EN 14702-3:2019 (E) 6 4 Principle The principle of the measurement lies on the sludge introduction in a vertical cylinder and on the following of the interface height between the free supernatant and the settled particles versus time. The introduction of suspension under vacuum is well adapted for sludge flocs as it limits the shearing action and consequently the flocs breakage. ZSV is given by the slope of the straight line part of the interface height versus time curve. The ZSV decreases as the solids concentration increases. The zone settling curve is composed of two stages: a constant - rate period, when the interface height versus time curve is a linear function, and a compaction period when the interface plot is curved (corresponding settling velocity is a variable and is generally less that the initial zone settling velocity). The interface height versus time curve gives not only the zone settling velocity but also the compression point by the graphical construction illustrated in Figure 1 and the theoretical surface unit (Annex A).

Key X time Y interface height Figure 1 — Compression point (5) in a gravity sedimentation (1) clear liquid, (2) uniform concentration (3) particles in compression, (4) final particles deposit 5 Interferences Initially, when following the interface height versus time, there is usually an induction period that is followed by the linear settling portion, which is supposed to be characteristic of the initial solids concentration in the column. It is attributed to the formation of the solids structure most appropriate for settling. The settling velocity of flocculated suspension depends on the conditions under which the aggregates were formed. The flocculation step shall be carried out according to EN

s v y v t. The settling of particles in a fluid generally takes place in a container of finite dimensions that could be expected to have some effects on the sedimentation velocity. The effect is bound to be related to the size of the solids relative to the container d/D and it is likely to be more relevant for dilute systems where particle/particle and particle-wall hydrodynamic interaction effects could be of the same order. The diameter should be much greater than the particle diameter, generally at least 4 to 5 orders of magnitude greater. Pump under vacuum can lead with presence of nitrates to the formation of N2 gas bubbles. SIST EN 14702-3:2019

EN 14702-3:2019 (E) 7 6 Equipment An example of the required device is illustrated in Figure A.1. It includes the following elements: 6.1 Storage/Flocculation tank. It is used for sludge storage and flocculation according to EN

s v y v t. An example of appropriated dimensions is: Height: 40 cm to 44 cm Diameter: 25 cm to 26 cm Exit pipe at the bottom of the tank, in the middle point, minimum diameter: 25 mm 6.2 Stirrer. A mechanical stirrer with 3 or 4 horizontal perpendicular blades is set in the storage tank, allowing the modification and control of mixing speed. NOTE In case of important sludge volumes, a 3 or 4 staged PVC blades (15 cm to 20 cm x 3 cm x 0,5 cm) impeller can be used with a distance of 10 cm between each blade. 6.3 Feed/Draining valve. 6.4 Measurement cell. Column in glass or plexiglass. Internal diameter: 9 cm to 10 cm Height: 120 cm for determination of settling velocity, 220 cm for determination of sludge thickening kinetics (after compression point) The cylinder could be composed of one part or several parts, gathered by adapted devices. It is closed with PVC flanges with openings. It is recommended to set different sampling valves with a distance of 20 cm between each valve (the last set up at a distance between 100 mm to 120 mm from the bottom of the column) to facilitate recovery of the different phases (settled particles and supernatant) at the end of the test. — Inferior flange: central opening crossed by a pipe (diameter around 6 mm) for liquid feed — Superior flange: central opening crossed by a pipe (diameter

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.