Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 3: Additional requirements for trucks with elevating operator position and trucks specifically designed to travel with elevated loads (ISO 3691-3:2016)

ISO 3691-3:2016 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification, additional to those of ISO 3691‑1, for industrial trucks with a vertical, non-tilting mast:
a) those trucks having an elevating operator position, and order‑picking trucks, as defined in ISO 5053‑1, where the elevating operator position and the load‑handling device lifts to a height of more than 1 200 mm above ground level;
b) lateral- and front-stacking trucks, as defined in ISO 5053‑1, designed to travel with a load-handling device elevated more than 1 200 mm above ground level, with the load-handling device elevated, lowered or laterally displaced, laden or unladen, while the truck is travelling.
These trucks are designed to travel indoors on a smooth, level surface (e.g. concrete) and can be guided, unguided, or both, when in use; they are not intended to tow or push.
ISO 3691-3:2016 is not applicable to stacker trucks which handle two loads, one on the forks and the other on the support arms, this type of truck being covered by ISO 3691‑1.
It is not applicable to trucks with an elevating operator position up to and including 1 200 mm, or to trucks specifically designed to travel with an elevated load having a fork height up to and including 1 200 mm above ground level.
It is not applicable to low-level order pickers with elevating operator's position up to and including 1 200 mm lift height which can be equipped with an additional load lifting device having a maximum lift height of 1 800 mm from ground level.
ISO 3691-3:2016 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations, or hazardous events, as listed in Annex A, relevant to the applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
It does not establish requirements for hazards that can occur when using trucks on public roads or when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres.
Regional requirements, additional to the requirements given in this part of ISO 3691, are addressed in ISO/TS 3691‑7 and ISO/TS 3691‑8.

Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 3: Zusätzliche Anforderungen für Flurförderzeuge mit hebbarem Fahrerplatz und Flurförderzeuge, die zum Fahren mit angehobener Last ausgelegt sind (ISO 3691-3:2016)

1.1   Diese Internationale Norm gilt zusätzlich zu ISO 3691-1 für Flurförderzeuge mit senkrechtem, nicht neigbarem Mast:
a)   mit hebbarem Fahrerplatz nach 3.1.3.1.6 und 3.1.3.3 von ISO 5053, wobei der hebbare Fahrerplatz und das Lastaufnahmemittel mehr als 1 200 mm über Boden angehoben werden kann, und
b)   vorgesehen zum Fahren mit über 1 200 mm über dem Boden angehobenem Lastaufnahmemittel wie definiert in 3.1.3.1.9 und 3.1.3.1.10 von ISO 5053.
Dabei darf das beladene oder unbeladene Lastaufnahmemittel während der Fahrt gehoben, gesenkt oder seitlich bewegt werden.
Diese Flurförderzeuge sind zum Fahren in geschlossenen Räumen auf einem glatten und flächenfertigen Boden ausgelegt, können in Leitlinien geführt, nicht geführt oder für beide Bedingungen eingesetzt werden und sind nicht zum Ziehen oder Schieben vorgesehen.
Alle regionalen Anforderungen dieser Internationalen Norm können gefunden und angewendet werden in Verbindung mit ISO/TS 3691-7 Anforderungen für Europa sowie ISO/TS 3691-8 Anforderungen außerhalb Europas.
1.2   Für Flurförderzeuge mit hebbarem Fahrerplatz bis einschließlich 1 200 mm und/oder Flurförderzeuge, die speziell für das Fahren mit angehobener Last bis einschließlich 1 200 mm über Boden ausgelegt sind, gelten die Anforderungen von ISO/DIS 3691 1.
1.3   Dieser Teil von ISO 3691 enthält keine Anforderungen an Gabelhochhubwagen, die zwei Lasten befördern, eine auf den Gabeln und eine auf dem Fahrgestell (Dieser Fahrzeugtyp wird in ISO/DIS 3691-1 behandelt).

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et vérification - Partie 3: Exigences complémentaires pour chariots avec poste de conduite élevable et pour chariots spécialement conçus pour une conduite avec des charges en élévation (ISO 3691-3:2016)

ISO 3691-3:2016 donne les exigences de sécurité et les moyens pour leur vérification, complémentaires à ceux de l'ISO 3691‑1, pour les chariots de manutention avec un mât vertical non inclinable:
a) les chariots ayant un poste de conduite élevable et les préparateurs de commande, tels que défini dans l'ISO 5053‑1, où le poste de conduite élevable et le dispositif de manutention de la charge s'élève à une hauteur supérieure à 1 200 mm au-dessus du niveau du sol;
b) les chariots à prise latérale et frontale, tels que défini dans l'ISO 5053‑1, conçus pour se déplacer avec le dispositif de manutention de la charge élevé à plus de 1 200 mm au-dessus du niveau du sol, avec le dispositif de manutention de la charge élevé, abaissé ou déplacé latéralement, vide ou chargé, pendant que le chariot se déplace.
Ces chariots sont conçus pour se déplacer dans des locaux fermés sur une surface lisse, plane (par exemple, en béton), et peuvent être guidés, non guidés, ou les deux, lorsqu'ils sont utilisés; ils ne sont pas destinés à remorquer ou pousser.
ISO 3691-3:2016 n'est pas applicable aux chariots gerbeurs qui manipulent deux charges, une sur les fourches et l'autre sur les bras de support, ce type de chariot étant couvert par l'ISO 3691‑1.
Elle n'est pas applicable aux chariots avec un poste de conduite élevable jusqu'à 1 200 mm inclus, ou aux chariots spécialement conçus pour une conduite avec une charge en élévation ayant une hauteur de fourche jusqu'à 1 200 mm inclus au-dessus du niveau du sol.
Elle n'est pas applicable aux chariots préparateurs de commande pour niveau inférieur avec poste de conduite élevable jusqu'à et y compris 1 200 mm, qui peuvent être équipés d'un dispositif de levage de charge supplémentaire ayant une hauteur maximale de levage de 1 800 mm au-dessus du niveau du sol.
ISO 3691-3:2016 traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses ou évènements dangereux significatifs, tels qu'énumérés dans l'Annexe A, pertinents pour les machines couvertes lorsqu'elles sont utilisées normalement et dans les conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisible par le fabricant.
Elle n'établit pas d'exigences concernant les phénomènes dangereux qui peuvent apparaître lorsque les chariots sont utilisés sur des voies publiques, ou lors d'utilisation en atmosphères potentiellement explosives.
Les exigences régionales, supplémentaires aux exigences données dans la présente partie de l'ISO 3691, sont traitées dans l'ISO/TS 3691‑7 et dans l'ISO/TS 3691‑8.

Vozila za talni transport - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 3. del: Dodatne zahteve za vozila z dvižnim položajem upravljavca in za vozila, posebej zasnovana za vožnjo z dvignjenim bremenom (ISO 3691-3:2016)

Ta del standarda ISO 3691 podaja varnostne zahteve in načine za njihovo preverjanje, poleg tistih iz standarda
ISO 3691-1, za vozila za talni transport z navpičnim stebrom brez naklona:
a) vozila z dvižnim položajem upravljavca in vozila za prevzem blaga, kot so opredeljena v
standardu ISO 5053-1, pri čemer se dvižni položaj upravljavca in naprava za upravljanje bremena dvigneta do višine
več kot 1200 mm nad tlemi;
b) bočno-prednja nakladalna vozila, kot so opredeljena v standardu ISO 5053-1, zasnovana za vožnjo z napravo za upravljanje bremena,
ki je dvignjena več kot 1200 mm nad tlemi, pri čemer je med vožnjo vozila naprava za upravljanje bremena dvignjena,
spuščena ali bočno premaknjena ter obremenjena ali neobremenjena.
Ta vozila so zasnovana za vožnjo v zaprtih prostorih po gladki, ravni površini (npr. betonu) in so med uporabo lahko vodena,
nevodena ali oboje; ne uporabljajo se za vleko ali potiskanje.
Ta del standarda ISO 3691 se ne uporablja za nakladalnike, ki prenašajo dve obremenitvi, eno na vilicah in
drugo na podpornih rokah; takšna vozila so zajeta v standardu ISO 3691-1.
Ne uporablja se za vozila z dvižnim položajem upravljavca do vključno 1200 mm ali
za vozila, posebej zasnovana za vožnjo z dvignjenim bremenom, ki imajo vilice dvignjene do vključno
1200 mm nad tlemi.
Ne uporablja se za nizka vozila za prevzem blaga z dvižnim položajem upravljavca, ki se dvigne do vključno
1200 mm, ki so lahko opremljena z dodatno napravo za dvigovanje bremen, ki se dvignejo največ
1800 mm nad tlemi.
Ta del standarda ISO 3691 obravnava vse pomembne nevarnosti, nevarne razmere ali dogodke,
kot je navedeno v dodatku A, v zvezi z ustreznimi stroji, kadar se ti uporabljajo v skladu z njihovim namenom in pogoji pričakovane nepravilne uporabe,
ki jih predvidi proizvajalec.
Ne podaja zahtev za nevarnosti, ki so mogoče pri uporabi vozil na javnih cestah ali
pri upravljanju vozil v potencialno eksplozivnih atmosferah.
Regijske zahteve, dodane k zahtevam iz tega dela standarda ISO 3691, so obravnavane v
standardih ISO/TS 3691-7 in ISO/TS 3691-8.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
20-Dec-2016
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
21-Dec-2016
Completion Date
21-Dec-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
01-marec-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1726-2:2002
Vozila za talni transport - Varnostne zahteve in preverjanje - 3. del: Dodatne

zahteve za vozila z dvižnim položajem upravljavca in za vozila, posebej zasnovana

za vožnjo z dvignjenim bremenom (ISO 3691-3:2016)

Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification - Part 3: Additional requirements

for trucks with elevating operator position and trucks specifically designed to travel with

elevated loads (ISO 3691-3:2016)

Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 3:

Zusätzliche Anforderungen für Flurförderzeuge mit hebbarem Fahrerplatz und
Flurförderzeuge, die zum Fahren mit angehobener Last ausgelegt sind (ISO 3691-
3:2016)

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et vérification - Partie 3: Exigences

complémentaires pour chariots avec poste de conduite élevable et pour chariots
spécialement conçus pour une conduite avec des charges en élévation (ISO 3691-
3:2016)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 3691-3:2016
ICS:
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
EN ISO 3691-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
December 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.060 Supersedes EN 1726-2:2000
English Version
Industrial trucks - Safety requirements and verification -
Part 3: Additional requirements for trucks with elevating
operator position and trucks specifically designed to travel
with elevated loads (ISO 3691-3:2016)

Chariots de manutention - Exigences de sécurité et Flurförderzeuge - Sicherheitstechnische

vérification - Partie 3: Exigences complémentaires Anforderungen und Verifizierung - Teil 3: Zusätzliche

pour chariots avec poste de conduite élevable et pour Anforderungen für Flurförderzeuge mit hebbarem

chariots spécialement conçus pour une conduite avec Fahrerplatz und Flurförderzeuge, die zum Fahren mit

des charges en élévation (ISO 3691-3:2016) angehobener Last ausgelegt sind (ISO 3691-3:2016)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 November 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 3691-3:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
EN ISO 3691-3:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ........................................................ 4

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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
EN ISO 3691-3:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 3691-3:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110

"Industrial trucks" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 150 “Industrial Trucks - Safety”

the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by June 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 1726-2:2000.

For the purposes of global relevance, the requirements of all clauses referring to ISO/TS 3691-7 have

been transferred and published as European Standard EN 16307-3, Industrial trucks — Safety

requirements and verification — Part 3: Supplementary requirements for trucks with elevating

operator position and trucks specifically designed to travel with elevated loads.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 3691-3:2016 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 3691-3:2016 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
EN ISO 3691-3:2016 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the essential
requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request M/396

(Machinery) Mandate to CEN and Cenelec for standardization in the field of machinery to provide one

voluntary means of conforming to essential requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC Machinery

Directive.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,

compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of

the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements

of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2006/42/EC

Machinery Directive
Essential Requirements of Clause(s)/sub-clause(s) of Remarks/Notes
Directive 2006/42/EC this EN
All All With the exclusion of all
references to ISO/TS 3691-8

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this International

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European

Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3691-3
First edition
2016-12-15
Industrial trucks — Safety
requirements and verification —
Part 3:
Additional requirements for trucks
with elevating operator position and
trucks specifically designed to travel
with elevated loads
Chariots de manutention — Exigences de sécurité et vérification —
Partie 3: Exigences complémentaires pour chariots avec poste de
conduite élevable et pour chariots spécialement conçus pour une
conduite avec des charges en élévation
Reference number
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
ISO 2016
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2016, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................................................................................ 3

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4.2 Modes of operation when lateral stacking ...................................................................................................................... 3

4.3 Brakes ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.3.1 Operation without guidance systems ............................................................................................................ 3

4.3.2 Operation within guided systems ..................................................................................................................... 3

4.4 Additional requirements for trucks with elevating operator position ................................................... 4

4.4.1 Travel speed ......................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4.2 Brakes ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.4.3 Controls .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4.4 Systems for lifting and lowering ......................................................................................................................... 4

4.4.5 Operator position ............................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.4.6 Emergency lowering control ................................................................................................................................. 9

4.5 Optical warning devices .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.6 Stability .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5 Verification of requirements .................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6 Information for use ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Instruction handbook — Operation of truck — Requirements additional to those

of ISO 3691-1 .........................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.3 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................10

6.4 Installation information ...............................................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) List of significant hazards................................................................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity assessment,

as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee SC 2,

Safety of powered industrial trucks.

This first edition of ISO 3691-3, together with ISO 3691-1, ISO 3691-2, ISO 3691-4, ISO 3691-5, ISO 3691-6,

ISO/TS 3691-7, and ISO/TS 3691-8, cancels and replaces ISO 3691:1980, of which it constitutes a

technical revision.

ISO 3691 consists of the following parts, under the general title Industrial trucks — Safety requirements

and verification:

— Part 1: Self-propelled industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-

carrier trucks
— Part 2: Self-propelled variable-reach trucks

— Part 3: Additional requirements for trucks with elevating operator position and trucks specifically

designed to travel with elevated loads
— Part 5: Pedestrian-propelled trucks
— Part 6: Burden and personnel carriers

— Part 7: Regional requirements for countries within the European Community [Technical Specification]

— Part 8: Regional requirements for countries outside the European Community [Technical Specification]

The following parts are under preparation:
— Part 4: Driverless industrial trucks and their systems
iv © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
Introduction
General
This part of ISO 3691 is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations, or hazardous events

are covered are indicated in the Scope of this part of ISO 3691.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the

other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this

type-C standard.

The ISO 3691 series covers safety requirements and their verification for industrial trucks as defined in

ISO 5053-1.
Structure

An important step forward in the work on the ISO 3691 series was the agreement to issue a new

structure of International Standards for industrial trucks having on one side, basic standards for all

kinds of trucks (see Foreword) and on the other side, independent standards to cover the respective

specific functions of industrial trucks, e.g. visibility, noise, vibration, electrical requirements, etc.

Assessment of hazards

The product needs to be designed in such a way that it is fit for its purpose or function and can be

adjusted and maintained without putting persons at risk when used under the conditions foreseen by

the manufacturer.

In order to properly design a product and to cover all specific safety requirements, the manufacturer

will have to identify the hazards that apply to his product and carry out a risk assessment. The

manufacturer will then need to design and construct the product taking this assessment into account.

The aim of this procedure is to eliminate the risk of accidents throughout the foreseeable lifetime of

the machinery, including the phases of assembling and dismantling where risks of accidents could also

arise from foreseeable abnormal situations.

In selecting the most appropriate methods, the manufacturer will need to apply the following principles

in the order given here:

a) eliminate or reduce risks as far as possible by design (inherently safe machinery design and

construction);

b) take the necessary protective measures in relation to risks that cannot be eliminated by design;

c) inform users of any shortcoming of the protective measures adopted;
d) indicate whether any particular training is required;
e) specify any need to provide personal protection equipment;
f) refer to the appropriate user’s document for proper operating instructions.

Industrial trucks need to be designed to prevent foreseeable misuse wherever possible, if such would

engender risk. In other cases, the manufacturer’s instructions will need to draw the user’s attention to

ways shown by experience in which the machinery ought not to be used.

This part of ISO 3691 does not repeat all the technical rules which are state-of-the-art and which are

applicable to the material used to construct the industrial truck. Reference will also need to be made to

ISO 12100.
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
Legislative situation/Vienna Agreement

From the very beginning, the task of the working group was to revise ISO 3691:1980 and establish

worldwide basic standards to comply with the major legislative regulations in, for example, the EU,

Japan, Australia, and North America.

Every effort was made to develop a globally relevant International Standard. That goal was achieved

with most of the issues. For several potential problem areas, compromises were needed and will

be needed in the future. Where divergent regional requirements remain, these are addressed by

ISO/TS 3691-7 and ISO/TS 3691-8.

In order to ensure that the revised International Standard will be actively used in the ISO member

countries worldwide, procedures are necessary to replace the existing national standards and technical

regulations by the revised International Standard. In the European Community, ISO and the European

Committee for Standardization (CEN) agreed on technical co-operation under the Vienna Agreement,

with the aim of replacing European Standards (EN) by International Standards. Other countries are

asked to make similar agreements to ensure that their national standards and technical regulations are

replaced by this International Standard.

Only by these actions will there be the guarantee that products in accordance with International

Standards can be shipped worldwide freely without any technical barriers.
vi © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
Industrial trucks — Safety requirements and
verification —
Part 3:
Additional requirements for trucks with elevating operator
position and trucks specifically designed to travel with
elevated loads
1 Scope

This part of ISO 3691 gives safety requirements and the means for their verification, additional to those

of ISO 3691-1, for industrial trucks with a vertical, non-tilting mast:

a) those trucks having an elevating operator position, and order-picking trucks, as defined in

ISO 5053-1, where the elevating operator position and the load-handling device lifts to a height of

more than 1 200 mm above ground level;

b) lateral- and front-stacking trucks, as defined in ISO 5053-1, designed to travel with a load-handling

device elevated more than 1 200 mm above ground level, with the load-handling device elevated,

lowered or laterally displaced, laden or unladen, while the truck is travelling.

These trucks are designed to travel indoors on a smooth, level surface (e.g. concrete) and can be guided,

unguided, or both, when in use; they are not intended to tow or push.

This part of ISO 3691 is not applicable to stacker trucks which handle two loads, one on the forks and

the other on the support arms, this type of truck being covered by ISO 3691-1.

It is not applicable to trucks with an elevating operator position up to and including 1 200 mm, or to

trucks specifically designed to travel with an elevated load having a fork height up to and including

1 200 mm above ground level.

It is not applicable to low-level order pickers with elevating operator’s position up to and including

1 200 mm lift height which can be equipped with an additional load lifting device having a maximum

lift height of 1 800 mm from ground level.

This part of ISO 3691 deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations, or hazardous events, as

listed in Annex A, relevant to the applicable machines when used as intended and under conditions of

misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

It does not establish requirements for hazards that can occur when using trucks on public roads or

when operating in potentially explosive atmospheres.

Regional requirements, additional to the requirements given in this part of ISO 3691, are addressed in

ISO/TS 3691-7 and ISO/TS 3691-8.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 2860, Earth-moving machinery — Minimum access dimensions
© ISO 2016 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)

ISO 3691-1:2011, Industrial trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1: Self-propelled

industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks

ISO 5053-1:2015, Industrial trucks — Terminology and classification — Part 1: Types of industrial trucks

ISO 6292:2008, Powered industrial trucks and tractors — Brake performance and component strength

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 22915-21, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 21: Order-picking trucks with operator

position elevating above 1 200 mm

ISO 22915-22, Industrial trucks — Verification of stability — Part 22: Lateral- and front-stacking trucks

with and without elevating operator position

ISO 24134, Industrial trucks — Additional requirements for automated functions on trucks

3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5053-1:2015, ISO 12100;2010,

ISO 3691-1:2011, and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
operating with elevated load

elevation or lowering of a load with the load handling device while the truck is travelling

3.2
elevating operator position

operator’s platform which can be elevated more than 1 200 mm from the ground to the floor of the

platform measured with the truck unladen
3.3
aisle
operating area of the truck between the racks or load faces
3.4
load-handling device
means that supports the load
EXAMPLE Forks, platform, and attachment.
3.5
auxiliary lift
lift mechanism additional to the main lifting device
3.6
guidance system

system which guides the truck on a predetermined path not directly controlled by the operator

3.7
supplementary platform

load-carrying platform accessible from the operator’s platform, designed for mounting on the elevating

device of an order-picking truck
Note 1 to entry: This platform may be removable.
2 © ISO 2016 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 3691-3:2017
ISO 3691-3:2016(E)
3.8
personal fall prevention system
system that limits the fall of the operator
3.9
disposable pallet
pallet intended to be discarded after a single cycle of use
3.10
VNA
very narrow aisle

traffic path for industrial trucks in storage systems without a safety distance of at least 0,5 m between

the outer parts of the truck (including the load) and fixed parts of the environment (e.g. uprights)

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
4.1 General

The truck shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause.

In addition, the truck shall be designed according to the principles of ISO 12100 for relevant but not

significant hazards, which are not dealt with by this part of ISO 3691.
4.2 Modes of operation when lateral stacking

While the truck is lifting, lowering, or travelling at more than 2,5 km/h, it shall not be possible for any

part of the lateral reach mechanism to intrude into the racking space. When this lateral reach mechanism

is extended, extending or retracting, travelling speed shall be restricted to 2,5 km/h or less.

When a truck is designed for lateral and front stacking, it shall have a device which automatically

prevents:

a) travelling at more than 2,5 km/h when the load handling device is in the forward position;

b) turning of the load-handling device in its forward position with a travelling speed of more than

2,5 km/h.

These requirements do not apply if the load handling device is kept within the truck width (excluding

guidance system).

Guided trucks operating in aisles with a non-mechanical guidance system shall comply with the

automatic steering
...

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