Small craft - Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors - Strength and watertightness requirements (ISO 12216:2002)

This International Standard specifies technical requirements for windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors on small craft of hull length up to 24 m, taking into account the type of craft, its design category, and the location of the appliance.
The appliances considered in this International Standard are only those that are critical for the craft's watertightness, i.e. those that could lead to flooding in case of rupture of the plate.
This International Standard is mostly intended to be used for recreational craft, but it may be used for non-recrational small craft of hull length up to 24 m, excluding lifeboats. However, it is not applicable to commercial or work boats used in severe conditions.

Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Fenster, Bullaugen, Luken, Seeschlagblenden und Türen - Anforderungen an die Festigkeit und Wasserdichtheit (ISO 12216:2002)

Petits navires - Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes - Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité (ISO 12216:2002)

La présente Norme internationale spécifie les exigences techniques relatives aux fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes, des petits navires d'une longueur de coque inférieure ou égale à 24 m, en fonction du type de bateau, de sa catégorie de conception et de l'emplacement de l'équipement.
Les seuls équipements pris en compte dans la présente Norme internationale sont ceux qui sont critiques pour l'étanchéité du bateau, c'est-à-dire ceux qui, en cas de rupture de la plaque, sont susceptibles d'entraîner des entrées d'eau dans le bateau.
La présente Norme internationale est principalement destinée à être appliquée aux bateaux de plaisance, mais elle peut être utilisée pour les autres bateaux d'une longueur de coque inférieure ou égale à 24 m, à l'exclusion des canots de sauvetage. Elle ne s'applique cependant pas aux bateaux commerciaux ou aux bateaux de service utilisés dans des conditions sévères.

Mala plovila - Okna, lopute, pokrovi in vrata - Zahteve za trdnost in odpornost proti vodi (ISO 12216:2002)

Ta mednarodni standard določa tehnične zahteve za okna, naoknice, pokrove in vrata malih plovil z dolžino trupa do 24 m ob upoštevanju vrste plovila, kategorije njegove zasnove ter mesta naprave.
Ta mednarodni standard zajema samo naprave, ki so ključnega pomena za vodotesnost plovila oziroma ki lahko v primeru poškodbe plošče privedejo do poplave.
Ta mednarodni standard je namenjen predvsem za plovila za rekreacijo, vendar se lahko uporablja tudi za nerekreacijska mala plovila z dolžino trupa do 24 m, razen za rešilne čolne. Kljub temu pa se ne uporablja za komercialne ali delovne čolne, ki se uporabljajo v zahtevnih razmerah.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
02-Oct-2018
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
03-Oct-2018
Completion Date
03-Oct-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
01-december-2018
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 12216:2003

Mala plovila - Okna, lopute, pokrovi in vrata - Zahteve za trdnost in odpornost proti

vodi (ISO 12216:2002)
Small craft - Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors - Strength and
watertightness requirements (ISO 12216:2002)
Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Fenster, Bullaugen, Luken, Seeschlagblenden und Türen -
Anforderungen an die Festigkeit und Wasserdichtheit (ISO 12216:2002)

Petits navires - Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes - Exigences de résistance

et d'étanchéité (ISO 12216:2002)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 12216:2018
ICS:
47.080 ýROQL Small craft
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
SIST EN ISO 12216:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
EN ISO 12216
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 47.080 Supersedes EN ISO 12216:2002
English Version
Small craft - Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and
doors - Strength and watertightness requirements (ISO
12216:2002)

Petits navires - Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Fenster, Bullaugen, Luken,

portes - Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité (ISO Seeschlagblenden und Türen - Anforderungen an die

12216:2002) Festigkeit und Wasserdichtheit (ISO 12216:2002)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 April 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 12216:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
EN ISO 12216:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU aimed to be covered ....................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
EN ISO 12216:2018 (E)
European foreword

The text of ISO 12216:2002 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 “Small craft” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 12216:2018.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 12216:2002.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2013/53/EU.

For relationship with EU Directive 2013/53/EU, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of

this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands,

Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 12216:2002 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 12216:2018 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
EN ISO 12216:2018 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of Directive 2013/53/EU aimed to be covered

This European standard has been prepared under a Commission’s standardization request M/542

C(2015) 8736 final to provide one voluntary means of conforming to Essential Requirements of Directive

2013/53/EU.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive, compliance

with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of

this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding Essential Requirements of that

Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Annex I and Annex II of

Directive 2013/53/EU
Essential Clause(s)/sub- Remarks/Notes
Requirements of clause(s) of
Directive this EN
2013/53/EU

Annex I, Part A, 3.4 – 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 This standard specifies the scantling determination of

Openings in hull, deck windows, portlights, deadlights, hatches and doors.
Annexes A, B, C, D,
and superstructure The structure supporting these elements shall be in
E, F
accordance with EN ISO 12215.
The design categories specified in EN ISO 12217 shall
be used where required.
This standard does not specify requirements for
through-hull fittings designed to allow water passage
into and/or out of the hull.
Annex I, Part A, 3.8 – 6.3.7 In respect of multihull escape hatch dimensions,
Escape glazing material, opening requirements and hinge
disposition only.
The characteristics set out in clause 6.3.7 of this
standard in respect of multihull escape hatches are
applicable for all habitable multihulls considered to be
susceptible to inversion according EN ISO 12217-
2:2015, clause 7.11, not only those with L >12m.

Annex II, 5 – 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Clause 6.3.8 specifies the information to be supplied

Components – with commercially available appliances at the time of
Annexes A, B, C, D,
Prefabricated hatches purchase.
E, F
and portlights
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
EN ISO 12216:2018 (E)

WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this European

Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this

standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the scope of

this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 12216
First edition
2002-06-01
Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches,
deadlights and doors — Strength and
watertightness requirements
Petits navires — Fenêtres, hublots, panneaux, tapes et portes —
Exigences de résistance et d'étanchéité
Reference number
ISO 12216:2002(E)
ISO 2002
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
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© ISO 2002

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or ISO's member body

in the country of the requester.
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Printed in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2002 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
Contents Page

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references....................................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................2

4 General requirements....................................................................................................................................7

4.1 General............................................................................................................................................................7

4.2 Strength..........................................................................................................................................................7

4.3 Positive closure.............................................................................................................................................7

4.4 Watertightness...............................................................................................................................................7

4.4.1 Minimum degree of watertightness .............................................................................................................7

4.4.2 Additional requirements related to watertightness ...................................................................................8

5 Plate materials...............................................................................................................................................8

5.1 General............................................................................................................................................................8

5.2 Acrylic sheet materials..................................................................................................................................8

5.3 Glass...............................................................................................................................................................9

5.3.1 Restrictions of usage....................................................................................................................................9

6 Specific requirements...................................................................................................................................9

6.1 End connection and location of plate..........................................................................................................9

6.1.1 Simply supported plates...............................................................................................................................9

6.1.2 Semi-fixed plates...........................................................................................................................................9

6.2 Fastening requirements..............................................................................................................................10

6.2.1 Fastening of plates and frames..................................................................................................................10

6.2.2 Fastening of semi-fixed plates ...................................................................................................................10

6.2.3 Fastening of glued plates ...........................................................................................................................10

6.3 Special requirements..................................................................................................................................11

6.3.1 Appliances fitted in Area I...........................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Appliances fitted in Area II a ......................................................................................................................12

6.3.3 Sliding appliances.......................................................................................................................................14

6.3.4 Doors made with removable sections: washboards................................................................................14

6.3.5 Locking system............................................................................................................................................14

6.3.6 Deadlights....................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.7 Multihull escape hatches ............................................................................................................................14

6.3.8 Commercially available appliances ...........................................................................................................15

7 Scantling determination of non-stiffened plates......................................................................................15

7.1 Monolithic plate thickness determination.................................................................................................15

7.1.1 Determination based on allowable stress criterion .................................................................................15

7.1.2 Determination based on allowable deflection criterion...........................................................................15

7.1.3 Applicability of 7.1.1 and 7.1.2 ...................................................................................................................16

7.2 Selection of monolithic plate thickness....................................................................................................16

7.3 Plate aspect-ratio coefficients, k and k ....................................................................................................16

r f

7.4 Basic design pressure ................................................................................................................................17

7.5 Pressure reduction factor...........................................................................................................................18

7.6 Curvature coefficient...................................................................................................................................18

7.7 Flexural strength and modulus of elasticity .............................................................................................18

7.8 Safety factor and minimum plate thickness .............................................................................................19

7.9 Laminated glass thickness.........................................................................................................................20

8 Sandwich plates, stiffened and/or supported plates ...............................................................................20

© ISO 2002 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)

Annex A (normative) Appliance location areas .....................................................................................................21

Annex B (normative) Types of plate edge connection..........................................................................................22

Annex C (normative) Unsupported plate dimensions...........................................................................................24

Annex D (normative) Methods of test .....................................................................................................................26

Annex E (normative) High-impact-resistance glass ..............................................................................................33

Annex F (informative) Precalculated tables............................................................................................................34

Annex G (informative) Background information ....................................................................................................60

Bibliography ..............................................................................................................................................................62

iv © ISO 2002 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO

member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has

the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in

liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical

Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards adopted

by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an International

Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this International Standard may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 12216 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188, Small craft.

Annexes A, B, C, D and E form integral parts of this International Standard. Annexes F and G are for information

only.
© ISO 2002 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 12216:2002(E)
Small craft — Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and
doors — Strength and watertightness requirements
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies technical requirements for windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights and doors

on small craft of hull length up to 24 m, taking into account the type of craft, its design category, and the location of

the appliance.

The appliances considered in this International Standard are only those that are critical for the craft's

watertightness, i.e. those that could lead to flooding in case of rupture of the plate.

This International Standard is mostly intended to be used for recreational craft, but it may be used for non-

recreational small craft of hull length up to 24 m, excluding lifeboats. However, it is not applicable to commercial or

work boats used in severe conditions.
2 Normative references

The following normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this International Standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these

publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to

investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For

undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC

maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 6603–1:2000, Plastics — Determination of multiaxial impact behaviour of rigid plastics — Part 1: Non-

instrumented impact testing

ISO 7823–1:— , Poly(methyl methacrylate) sheets — Types, dimensions and characteristics — Part 1: Cast

sheets
ISO 8666:— , Small craft — Principal data

ISO 9094-1:— , Small craft — Fire protection — Part 1: Craft with a hull length of up to and including 15 m

ISO 9094-2:— , Small craft — Fire protection — Part 2: Craft with a hull length of over 15 m

ISO 11812:2001, Small craft — Watertight cockpits and quick-draining cockpits

ISO 12217 (all parts):2002, Small craft — Stability and buoyancy assessment and categorization

EN 356:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against manual

attack

EN 1063:1999, Glass in building — Security glazing — Testing and classification of resistance against bullet attack

1) To be published. (Revision of ISO 7823-1:1998)
2) To be published.
© ISO 2002 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this International Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.

3.1
appliance

device made of a plate and possibly a framing system, used to cover an opening in the hull or superstructure of a

boat

EXAMPLE Windows, portlights, hatches, deadlights, doors, sliding appliances, escape hatches.

3.2
plate

sheet of material, which may be transparent, that is fixed on the boat structure either directly or via a framing

system
3.2.1
stiffened plate
plate equipped with stiffeners
3.2.2
non-stiffened plate
plate directly fixed on its supports
3.2.3
glazing
transparent or translucent plate
3.2.4
unsupported dimensions of a plate
clear dimensions between the supports bearing the plate
NOTE See annexes B and C.
3.3
passage
clear opening through which people or material may pass

NOTE This definition can be used in defining passage dimensions and passage area.

3.4
window
portlight
glazed appliance
NOTE The term “portlight” is generally used for a small window.
3.5
deck hatch
appliance fitted on decks and superstructures
3.6
companionway door
door or closing appliance intended to close a companionway opening
3.7
escape hatch
appliance intended to provide an exit and designated means of escape
2 © ISO 2002 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
3.8
multihull escape hatch
appliance allowing a viable means of escape in the event of inversion

NOTE As this hatch is not normally totally immersed in the upright and inverted position, it is usually fitted below deck level

on the hull side, nacelle or crossarm bottom, or transom.
3.9
deadlight
shutter

secondary watertight closure, fitted to a window, a hatch or a door, and which may be fitted inside or outside the

plate
3.10
closing appliance
device used to cover an opening in the cockpit, hull or superstructure
3.11
sliding appliance
appliance that can slide in a rabbet or a frame
3.11.1
framed plate sliding appliance
plate mechanically connected to a frame that slides in a rabbet or a frame
3.11.2
frameless plate sliding appliance
plate without frame that slides in a rabbet or a frame
3.12
design category

description of the sea and wind conditions for which a boat is assessed to be suitable

3.12.1
design category A
category for “ocean” sailing

boat designed for extended voyages where conditions experienced may exceed wind force 8 (Beaufort Scale) and

significant wave heights of 4 m and above, but excluding abnormal conditions (e.g. hurricanes)

3.12.2
design category B
category for “offshore” sailing

boat designed for offshore voyages where conditions up to and including wind force 8 (Beaufort Scale) and

significant wave heights up to and including 4 m may be experienced
3.12.3
design category C
category for “inshore” sailing

boat designed for voyages in coastal waters, large bays, estuaries, lakes and rivers, where conditions up to and

including wind force 6 (Beaufort Scale) and significant wave heights up to and including 2 m may be experienced

3.12.4
design category D
category for sailing in “sheltered waters”

boat designed for voyages in sheltered waters, small bays, estuaries, lakes, rivers and canals, where conditions up

to and including wind force 4 (Beaufort Scale) and maximum occasional wave heights up to and including 0,5 m

may be experienced
© ISO 2002 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
3.13
sailing boat
boat for which the primary means of propulsion is by wind power, having:
2/3
A W 0,07 × (m )
S LDC
where
A is the projected sail area according to ISO 8666;
m is the loaded mass of the boat, expressed in kilograms.
LDC
NOTE Motor sailers are regarded as sailing boats.
3.14
motor boat
boat designed to use engine power as its primary means of propulsion
3.15
waterline

side projection of the flotation plan, when the boat is upright and in fully loaded ready-for-use conditions

3.16
length of hull
length of hull according to ISO 8666
3.17
appliance location area
area of the boat where the appliance is fitted
NOTE See annex A for sketches showing examples of appliance location areas.
3.17.1
area I

part of the hull sides situated above waterline, i.e. up to its intersection with the weather deck (for decked craft), or

the upper edge of the hull (for open craft or partially decked craft), but only to the following upper boundary:

 a horizontal line located at the height h above waterline in the rear half of the waterline (see Figure 1);

 a sloped line having a height h at mid waterline, and a height 1,2h at the front end of the waterline, with

S S
 h = L /12 for sailing monohulls,
S H

 h = L /17 for motor boats, sailing catamarans and central hull of sailing trimarans.

S H

NOTE The outer hulls of sailing trimarans are considered to be entirely in Area I.

4 © ISO 2002 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12216:2018
ISO 12216:2002(E)
Key
1 Area I
2 Area II b
Figure 1 — Limits of Areas I and II b
3.17.2
area II a

area, other than Area I, where persons are liable to walk or step, such as decks, superstructures, cockpit soles, at

an inclination of less than 25° to the horizontal in a longitudinal direction, and at an inclination of less than 50° to

the horizontal in the transversal direction respectively for sailing monohulls, or 25° for multihulls

3.17.3
area II b
areas from the hull sides not belonging to Area I
NOTE 1 The following areas may be included if they correspond to the definition:
 transoms of all types of craft;

 rear faces of transverse girders of multihulls when located above the waterline.

NOTE 2 Areas placed below the waterline are not covered by this International Standard.

NOTE 3 Areas on which people may stand or step, even inadvertently, are part of Area II a.

EXAMPLE Top of sailboat coachroof on which one may stand or attend to sails.

NOTE 4 Superstructure areas on which people may not normally stand or step, are not part of Area II a, but Area III.

EXAMPLE Top of motorboat wheelhouse out of normal working deck areas.
3.17.4
area III
area, other than Area I or II

EXAMPLE Superstructures, decks or cockpits soles which cannot be considered as belonging to Area II.

...

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