High-pressure decorative laminates - Composite elements - Part 1: Test methods (ISO 13894-1:2000)

This part of ISO 13894 specifies the methods of test for determination of the properties of composite elements
surfaced, and possibly edged, with high-pressure decorative laminate (HPDL) as defined in clause 3.

Dekorative Hochdruck-Laminate - Verbundelemente - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 13894-1:2000)

Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression - Éléments composites - Partie 1: Méthodes d'essai (ISO 13894-1:2000)

La présente partie de l'ISO 13894 spécifie les méthodes d'essai qui permettent de déterminer les propriétés des
éléments composites revêtus, et éventuellement avec chants plaqués de stratifiés décoratifs haute pression
(HPDL) tels que définis dans l'article 3.

Dekorativni visokotlačni laminati - Kompozitni elementi - 1. del: Preskusne metode (ISO 13894-1:2000)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Apr-2015
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
08-Apr-2015
Completion Date
08-Apr-2015

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Dekorative Hochdruck-Laminate - Verbundelemente - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 13894-1:2000)Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression - Éléments composites - Partie 1: Méthodes d'essai (ISO 13894-1:2000)High-pressure decorative laminates - Composite elements - Part 1: Test methods (ISO 13894-1:2000)83.140.20Laminated sheetsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN ISO 13894-1:2015SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015en,de01-junij-2015SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN ISO 13894-1
April 2015 ICS 83.140.20; 97.150 English Version

High-pressure decorative laminates - Composite elements - Part 1: Test methods (ISO 13894-1:2000)

Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression - Éléments composites -Partie 1: Méthodes d'essai (ISO 13894-1:2000)

Dekorative Hochdruck-Laminate - Verbundelemente - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 13894-1:2000) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 7 April 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN ISO 13894-1:2015 ESIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

EN ISO 13894-1:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

EN ISO 13894-1:2015 (E) 3 Foreword The text of ISO 13894-1:2000 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61 “Plastics” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 13894-1:2015 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics” the secretariat of which is held by NBN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by October 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Endorsement notice The text of ISO 13894-1:2000 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 13894-1:2015 without any modification. SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ReferencenumberISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000INTERNATIONALSTANDARDISO13894-1Firstedition2000-03-15High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Compositeelements—Part1:TestmethodsStratifiésdécoratifshautepression—Élémentscomposites—Partie1:Méthodesd'essaiSIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)PDFdisclaimerThisPDFfilemaycontainembeddedtypefaces.InaccordancewithAdobe'slicensingpolicy,thisfilemaybeprintedorviewedbutshallnotbeeditedunlessthetypefaceswhichareembeddedarelicensedtoandinstalledonthecomputerperformingtheediting.Indownloadingthisfile,partiesacceptthereintheresponsibilityofnotinfringingAdobe'slicensingpolicy.TheISOCentralSecretariatacceptsnoliabilityinthisarea.AdobeisatrademarkofAdobeSystemsIncorporated.DetailsofthesoftwareproductsusedtocreatethisPDFfilecanbefoundintheGeneralInforelativetothefile;thePDF-creationparameterswereoptimizedforprinting.EverycarehasbeentakentoensurethatthefileissuitableforusebyISOmemberbodies.Intheunlikelyeventthataproblemrelatingtoitisfound,pleaseinformtheCentralSecretariatattheaddressgivenbelow.©ISO2000Allrightsreserved.Unlessotherwisespecified,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopyingandmicrofilm,withoutpermissioninwritingfromeitherISOattheaddressbeloworISO'smemberbodyinthecountryoftherequester.ISOcopyrightofficeCasepostale56CH-1211Geneva20Tel.+41227490111Fax+41227341079E-mailcopyright@iso.chWebwww.iso.chPrintedinSwitzerlandii©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedSIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–AllrightsreservediiiContentsPageForeword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv1Scope..............................................................................................................................................................12Normativereferences....................................................................................................................................13Termsanddefinitions...................................................................................................................................14Conditioning...................................................................................................................................................25Appearance....................................................................................................................................................26Dimensions.....................................................................................................................................................27Flatness..........................................................................................................................................................68Glue-linequality.............................................................................................................................................89Surfacebondstrength..................................................................................................................................910Perpendiculartensilestrength...................................................................................................................1211Resistancetoelevatedtemperature(short-termexposure)...................................................................1512Resistancetoelevatedtemperature(long-termexposure).....................................................................1513Resistancetowatervapour........................................................................................................................1614Substrateprotectionagainstwatervapour..............................................................................................1815Resistancetoaxialwithdrawalofwoodscrews(screw-holding)...........................................................1916Determinationofcontinuous-loadcapabilityofshelving.......................................................................2217Surfaceimpactresistance(large-diameterball).......................................................................................2418Surfaceimpactresistance(small-diameterball)......................................................................................2419Waterresistance(edgeswell)....................................................................................................................25SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)iv©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedForewordISO(theInternationalOrganizationforStandardization)isaworldwidefederationofnationalstandardsbodies(ISOmemberbodies).TheworkofpreparingInternationalStandardsisnormallycarriedoutthroughISOtechnicalcommittees.Eachmemberbodyinterestedinasubjectforwhichatechnicalcommitteehasbeenestablishedhastherighttoberepresentedonthatcommittee.Internationalorganizations,governmentalandnon-governmental,inliaisonwithISO,alsotakepartinthework.ISOcollaboratescloselywiththeInternationalElectrotechnicalCommission(IEC)onallmattersofelectrotechnicalstandardization.InternationalStandardsaredraftedinaccordancewiththerulesgivenintheISO/IECDirectives,Part3.DraftInternationalStandardsadoptedbythetechnicalcommitteesarecirculatedtothememberbodiesforvoting.PublicationasanInternationalStandardrequiresapprovalbyatleast75%ofthememberbodiescastingavote.AttentionisdrawntothepossibilitythatsomeoftheelementsofthispartofISO13894maybethesubjectofpatentrights.ISOshallnotbeheldresponsibleforidentifyinganyorallsuchpatentrights.InternationalStandardISO13894-1waspreparedbyTechnicalCommitteeISO/TC61,Plastics,SubcommitteeSC11,Products.ISO13894consistsofthefollowingparts,underthegeneraltitleHigh-pressuredecorativelaminates—Compositeelements:Part1:TestmethodsPart2:Specificationofwood-basedHPDLelementsSIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

INTERNATIONALSTANDARDISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved1High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Compositeelements—Part1:Testmethods1ScopeThispartofISO13894specifiesthemethodsoftestfordeterminationofthepropertiesofcompositeelementssurfaced,andpossiblyedged,withhigh-pressuredecorativelaminate(HPDL)asdefinedinclause3.2NormativereferencesThefollowingnormativedocumentscontainprovisionswhich,throughreferenceinthistext,constituteprovisionsofthispartofISO13894.Fordatedreferences,subsequentamendmentsto,orrevisionsof,anyofthesepublicationsdonotapply.However,partiestoagreementsbasedonthispartofISO13894areencouragedtoinvestigatethepossibilityofapplyingthemostrecenteditionsofthenormativedocumentsindicatedbelow.Forundatedreferences,thelatesteditionofthenormativedocumentreferredtoapplies.MembersofISOandIECmaintainregistersofcurrentlyvalidpartofISO13894.ISO1478:1999,Tappingscrewthread.ISO4586-1:1997,High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Sheetsmadefromthermosettingresins—Part1:Classificationandspecifications.ISO4586-2:1997,High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Sheetsmadefromthermosettingresins—Part2:Determinationofproperties.ISO7170:1993,Furniture—Storageunits—Determinationofstrengthanddurability.3TermsanddefinitionsForthepurposesofthispartofISO13894,thefollowingtermsanddefinitionsapply.3.1compositeelementsurfacedwithhigh-pressuredecorativelaminateacompositeboardproducedbyadhesivelybondinghigh-pressuredecorativelaminate(HPDL)sheetmaterialtooneorbothsidesofasubstrateNOTE1Thesubstratemaybeawood-basedproduct(e.g.particleboard),mineralboard(e.g.calciumsilicate),metalsheet,expandedhoneycomboraplasticmaterial.NOTE2ExamplesofadhesivesarePVAc,ureaformaldehydeandpolychloroprene.NOTE3CertaintestscontainedinthispartofISO13894arenotapplicabletoalltypesofcompositeelement.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)2©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved3.2high-pressuredecorativelaminate(s)HPDL,HPLSeedefinition3.1inISO4586-1:1997.4ConditioningCompositeelementsshallbepre-conditionedforaminimumperiodof7daysat20°C5°Cand(4520)%relativehumiditybeforetesting,orotherconditionsoftemperatureandhumidityifagreedbetweensupplierandpurchaser.5Appearance5.1PrincipleTheHPDLelementsareinspectedforappearanceunderstandardizedconditionsoflightingandviewing.5.2ProcedureInspecttheelementfromadistanceof1,5minaccordancewithtestmethod5.1ofISO4586-2:1997.5.3ExpressionofresultsReportHPDLdefects,asdefinedin5.1ofISO4586-2:1997,plusfabricationdefectssuchassurfaceripple,bumps,cracks,indentationsandadhesivesmears.5.4TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)anydefectsobserved;d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.6Dimensions6.1Determinationoflengthandwidth6.1.1PrincipleThelengthandwidthoftheelementaremeasuredusingasteeltapeorrule.6.1.2Apparatus6.1.2.1Steeltapeorrule,ofsufficientlengthtomeasurethegreatestdimensionoftheelement,andgraduatedtoallowareadingaccuracyof0,5mm.Forcut-to-sizeelementsrequiringmoreprecisedimensionaltolerances,suitablehigh-precisionmeasuringequipmentshallbeused.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved36.1.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.6.1.4ProcedureApplythesteeltapeorrule(6.1.2.1)toeachedgeoftheelementinturn,onalineapproximately25mmfromandparalleltotheedge.Measurethelengthoneachedgetothenearest0,5mm.6.1.5ExpressionofresultsExpressthelengthandwidthoftheelement,tothenearest0,5mm,asthelengthandwidthmeasurementsshowingthegreatestdeviationfromthecorrespondingnominalvalues.6.1.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thelengthandwidthvalues(see6.1.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.6.2Determinationofedgestraightness6.2.1PrincipleAbowgaugeisappliedtotheedgeoftheelementandthedeviationoftheboardedgefromastraightlineismeasured.6.2.2Apparatus6.2.2.1Bowgauge,ofsuitablelength(linFigure3),asspecifiedin7.2.1.6.2.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.6.2.4ProcedurePlacethebowgauge(6.2.2.1)sothatthethreefeet(twofixedandonemovable)arelightlytouchingoneedgeoftheelementintheareaofgreatestdeformation,andmeasurethestraightnessdeviation(shownonthedialgauge)tothenearest0,1mm.Repeatthisprocedurefortheotherthreeedges.Forpostformedelements,thefeetofthebowgaugeshalltouchtheextremeedgeoftheprofile.6.2.5ExpressionofresultsRecordthemaximumdeviationforeachofthefouredges.Designateresults“+”iftheedgeisconvex,and“”iftheedgeisconcave.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)4©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedKey1Bowgauge2ElementFigure1—Measuringedgestraightness6.2.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thetestresultforeachofthefouredges(see6.2.5);d)thedistancelbetweenthefixedfeetofthebowgauge;e)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;f)thedateofthetest.6.3Determinationofedgesquareness6.3.1PrincipleAright-angledsquareisappliedtothecorneroftheelementandthedeviationoftheedgefromthesquareismeasuredusingasteelrule.6.3.2Apparatus6.3.2.1Right-angledsquare,withtwoarmsatleast1000mm1mmlong(seeFigure2).6.3.2.2Steelrule,graduatedin0,5mmdivisions.6.3.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved56.3.4ProcedureApplytheright-angledsquare(6.3.2.1)toonecorneroftheelementandmeasurethedeviationoftheedgeoftheboardfromthearmofthesquareatadistanceof1mfromthecorner.Recordtheresultstothenearest0,5mm.Repeattheprocedurewiththesquareappliedtothediagonallyoppositecorneroftheelement.6.3.5ExpressionofresultsRecordthemaximumdeviationfromsquareforthetwodiagonallyoppositecorners(xinFigure2).DimensionsinmillimetresKey1ElementFigure2—Measuringedgesquareness6.3.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thetestresultforeachcorner(see6.3.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.6.4Determinationofthickness6.4.1PrincipleThethicknessoftheelementismeasuredusingathicknessgauge.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)6©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved6.4.2Apparatus6.4.2.1Suitablethicknessgauge,e.g.micrometergauge,dialgaugeorvernierslidingcalliper,graduatedtoallowareadingaccuracyof0,1mm.6.4.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.6.4.4ProcedureMeasurethethicknesstothenearest0,1mmatthecentreofeachofthefouredges,ataposition25mmfromtheedge.6.4.5ExpressionofresultsCalculatethethicknessoftheelementasthearithmeticmeanofthefourthicknessmeasurements,expressingittothenearest0,1mm.Recordthemaximumandminimumvaluesalso.6.4.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)themeanthicknessvalue,andmaximumandminimumvalues(see6.4.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.7Flatness7.1PrincipleThebow(deviationfromflatness)oftheelementismeasuredusingabowgaugeplacedatthepositionofthegreatestdeformation.7.2Apparatus7.2.1Bowgauge,ofsuitablelength(linFigure3),graduatedtopermitareadingaccuracyof0,1mm.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved7Figure3—Bowgauge7.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.7.4ProcedurePositiontheelementeitherhorizontallyorverticallyasdefinedintherelevantspecification.Whenmeasuredhorizontally,theelementshallbeplacedconcavesideupwithoutrestraintonaflathorizontalsurface.Whenmeasuredvertically,theelementshallbeheldinaverticalpositionwiththeshortorlongedgerestingonahorizontalbase,andthebowshallbemeasuredontheconcaveside.Placethebowgauge(7.2.1)sothatthethreefeet(twofixedandonemovable)arelightlytouchingthesurfaceoftheelementintheareaofthegreatestdeformation,andmeasurethedeviationfromflatness(shownonthedialgauge)tothenearest0,1mm.7.5ExpressionofresultsRecordthemaximumdeviationfromflatnessmeasuredusingthebowgauge.7.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)themaximumdeviationfromflatness(see7.5);d)thedistancelbetweenthefixedfeetofthebowgauge;e)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;f)thedateofthetest.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)8©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved8Glue-linequality8.1PrincipleThelaminateisseparatedfromthesubstrateusingachisel,followedbyvisualassessmentoftheseparatedcomponents.NOTEThistestisonlyanassessmentoftheglue-line;itdoesnotmeasuretheintegrityofthecompositeelement.8.2Apparatus8.2.1Woodchisel,witharigidsteelbladeapproximately30mmwide(seeFigure4).8.2.2G-clamp,suitableforclampingthespecimentothebench.8.2.3Protectivegloves.DimensionsinmillimetresFigure4—Suggestedtoolforglue-linequalitytest8.3SpecimensEachspecimenshallbeapproximately300mm100mm,cutfromtheelementafterithasbeenstoredinnormalworkshopconditionsforatleast7daysafterpressing.Twospecimensshallbetested.8.4ProcedureWARNING—Suitableprotectiveglovesmustbewornwhencarryingoutthistest.ClampthespecimenfirmlytothebenchusingaG-clamp(8.2.2)orothersuitablearrangement.Startingfromoneofthenarrowsides,insertthebladeofthechisel(8.2.1)intotheglue-line,byhammeringifnecessary,andcarefullyseparatethelaminatefromthesubstrate,tryingasfaraspossibletoremovethelaminateinonepiece.Continueuntilallthelaminatehasbeenremoved,eitherinonepieceorseveralpieces,oruntilitbecomesobviousthatthelaminatecannotberemoved.SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved9Examinetheseparatedcomponentstodeterminetheeffectivenessoftheadhesivebond.Repeattheprocedureusingthesecondspecimen.8.5ExpressionofresultsExpresstheresultoftheexaminationofeachspecimeninaccordancewiththefollowingratingscale:Rating5:Extremelydifficulttocompletelyremovelaminatefromsubstrate;Rating3:Laminatecompletelyremovedfromthesubstratewithsomedifficulty;Rating1:Laminatecompletelyremovedfromthesubstrateeasily.8.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thelowestratingachieved(see8.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.NOTEAdditionalobservationsmaybespecifiedforparticularcombinationsofadhesivesandsubstrates.9Surfacebondstrength9.1PrincipleAtensileforceisappliedtoaspecifiedcircularareaofthesurface,perpendiculartothesurface,untilthebondbetweenlaminateandsubstrateisruptured.9.2Apparatus9.2.1Millingtool,capableofproducingacirculargrooveofthedimensionsspecifiedin9.3.9.2.2Mushroom-shapedsteelpad(seeFigure5).9.2.3Centeringframe(seeFigure6).9.2.4Tensile-testingmachine,capableofapplyingaforceof2500N.9.2.5Universal-jointdevice,tofixthespecimeninthetestmachinesothatthetensileforceisappliedperpendiculartothesurface(seeFigure7).SIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)10©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedDimensionsinmillimetresFigure5—Mushroom-shapedsteelpadDimensionsinmillimetresKey1HPDL2SubstrateFigure6—CenteringframeSIST EN ISO 13894-1:2015

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved11DimensionsinmillimetresFigure7—Gimbal-mountedtensile-t

...

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Dekorative Hochdruck-Laminate - Verbundelemente - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 13894-1:2000)Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression - Éléments composites - Partie 1: Méthodes d'essai (ISO 13894-1:2000)High-pressure decorative laminates - Composite elements - Part 1: Test methods (ISO 13894-1:2000)83.140.20Laminated sheetsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:FprEN ISO 13894-1kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014en,de01-december-2014kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
FINAL DRAFT
FprEN ISO 13894-1
October 2014 ICS 83.140.20; 97.150 English Version

High-pressure decorative laminates - Composite elements - Part 1: Test methods (ISO 13894-1:2000)

Stratifiés décoratifs haute pression - Éléments composites -Partie 1: Méthodes d'essai (ISO 13894-1:2000)

Dekorative Hochdruck-Laminate - Verbundelemente - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 13894-1:2000) This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for unique acceptance procedure. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 249.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014 EkSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014 (E) 3 Foreword The text of ISO 13894-1:2000 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61 “Plastics” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics” the secretariat of which is held by NBN. This document is currently submitted to the Unique Acceptance Procedure. Endorsement notice The text of ISO 13894-1:2000 has been approved by CEN as FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014 without any modification. kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ReferencenumberISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000INTERNATIONALSTANDARDISO13894-1Firstedition2000-03-15High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Compositeelements—Part1:TestmethodsStratifiésdécoratifshautepression—Élémentscomposites—Partie1:Méthodesd'essaikSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)PDFdisclaimerThisPDFfilemaycontainembeddedtypefaces.InaccordancewithAdobe'slicensingpolicy,thisfilemaybeprintedorviewedbutshallnotbeeditedunlessthetypefaceswhichareembeddedarelicensedtoandinstalledonthecomputerperformingtheediting.Indownloadingthisfile,partiesacceptthereintheresponsibilityofnotinfringingAdobe'slicensingpolicy.TheISOCentralSecretariatacceptsnoliabilityinthisarea.AdobeisatrademarkofAdobeSystemsIncorporated.DetailsofthesoftwareproductsusedtocreatethisPDFfilecanbefoundintheGeneralInforelativetothefile;thePDF-creationparameterswereoptimizedforprinting.EverycarehasbeentakentoensurethatthefileissuitableforusebyISOmemberbodies.Intheunlikelyeventthataproblemrelatingtoitisfound,pleaseinformtheCentralSecretariatattheaddressgivenbelow.©ISO2000Allrightsreserved.Unlessotherwisespecified,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopyingandmicrofilm,withoutpermissioninwritingfromeitherISOattheaddressbeloworISO'smemberbodyinthecountryoftherequester.ISOcopyrightofficeCasepostale56CH-1211Geneva20Tel.+41227490111Fax+41227341079E-mailcopyright@iso.chWebwww.iso.chPrintedinSwitzerlandii©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedkSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–AllrightsreservediiiContentsPageForeword.....................................................................................................................................................................iv1Scope..............................................................................................................................................................12Normativereferences....................................................................................................................................13Termsanddefinitions...................................................................................................................................14Conditioning...................................................................................................................................................25Appearance....................................................................................................................................................26Dimensions.....................................................................................................................................................27Flatness..........................................................................................................................................................68Glue-linequality.............................................................................................................................................89Surfacebondstrength..................................................................................................................................910Perpendiculartensilestrength...................................................................................................................1211Resistancetoelevatedtemperature(short-termexposure)...................................................................1512Resistancetoelevatedtemperature(long-termexposure).....................................................................1513Resistancetowatervapour........................................................................................................................1614Substrateprotectionagainstwatervapour..............................................................................................1815Resistancetoaxialwithdrawalofwoodscrews(screw-holding)...........................................................1916Determinationofcontinuous-loadcapabilityofshelving.......................................................................2217Surfaceimpactresistance(large-diameterball).......................................................................................2418Surfaceimpactresistance(small-diameterball)......................................................................................2419Waterresistance(edgeswell)....................................................................................................................25kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)iv©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedForewordISO(theInternationalOrganizationforStandardization)isaworldwidefederationofnationalstandardsbodies(ISOmemberbodies).TheworkofpreparingInternationalStandardsisnormallycarriedoutthroughISOtechnicalcommittees.Eachmemberbodyinterestedinasubjectforwhichatechnicalcommitteehasbeenestablishedhastherighttoberepresentedonthatcommittee.Internationalorganizations,governmentalandnon-governmental,inliaisonwithISO,alsotakepartinthework.ISOcollaboratescloselywiththeInternationalElectrotechnicalCommission(IEC)onallmattersofelectrotechnicalstandardization.InternationalStandardsaredraftedinaccordancewiththerulesgivenintheISO/IECDirectives,Part3.DraftInternationalStandardsadoptedbythetechnicalcommitteesarecirculatedtothememberbodiesforvoting.PublicationasanInternationalStandardrequiresapprovalbyatleast75%ofthememberbodiescastingavote.AttentionisdrawntothepossibilitythatsomeoftheelementsofthispartofISO13894maybethesubjectofpatentrights.ISOshallnotbeheldresponsibleforidentifyinganyorallsuchpatentrights.InternationalStandardISO13894-1waspreparedbyTechnicalCommitteeISO/TC61,Plastics,SubcommitteeSC11,Products.ISO13894consistsofthefollowingparts,underthegeneraltitleHigh-pressuredecorativelaminates—Compositeelements:Part1:TestmethodsPart2:Specificationofwood-basedHPDLelementskSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

INTERNATIONALSTANDARDISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved1High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Compositeelements—Part1:Testmethods1ScopeThispartofISO13894specifiesthemethodsoftestfordeterminationofthepropertiesofcompositeelementssurfaced,andpossiblyedged,withhigh-pressuredecorativelaminate(HPDL)asdefinedinclause3.2NormativereferencesThefollowingnormativedocumentscontainprovisionswhich,throughreferenceinthistext,constituteprovisionsofthispartofISO13894.Fordatedreferences,subsequentamendmentsto,orrevisionsof,anyofthesepublicationsdonotapply.However,partiestoagreementsbasedonthispartofISO13894areencouragedtoinvestigatethepossibilityofapplyingthemostrecenteditionsofthenormativedocumentsindicatedbelow.Forundatedreferences,thelatesteditionofthenormativedocumentreferredtoapplies.MembersofISOandIECmaintainregistersofcurrentlyvalidpartofISO13894.ISO1478:1999,Tappingscrewthread.ISO4586-1:1997,High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Sheetsmadefromthermosettingresins—Part1:Classificationandspecifications.ISO4586-2:1997,High-pressuredecorativelaminates—Sheetsmadefromthermosettingresins—Part2:Determinationofproperties.ISO7170:1993,Furniture—Storageunits—Determinationofstrengthanddurability.3TermsanddefinitionsForthepurposesofthispartofISO13894,thefollowingtermsanddefinitionsapply.3.1compositeelementsurfacedwithhigh-pressuredecorativelaminateacompositeboardproducedbyadhesivelybondinghigh-pressuredecorativelaminate(HPDL)sheetmaterialtooneorbothsidesofasubstrateNOTE1Thesubstratemaybeawood-basedproduct(e.g.particleboard),mineralboard(e.g.calciumsilicate),metalsheet,expandedhoneycomboraplasticmaterial.NOTE2ExamplesofadhesivesarePVAc,ureaformaldehydeandpolychloroprene.NOTE3CertaintestscontainedinthispartofISO13894arenotapplicabletoalltypesofcompositeelement.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)2©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved3.2high-pressuredecorativelaminate(s)HPDL,HPLSeedefinition3.1inISO4586-1:1997.4ConditioningCompositeelementsshallbepre-conditionedforaminimumperiodof7daysat20°C5°Cand(4520)%relativehumiditybeforetesting,orotherconditionsoftemperatureandhumidityifagreedbetweensupplierandpurchaser.5Appearance5.1PrincipleTheHPDLelementsareinspectedforappearanceunderstandardizedconditionsoflightingandviewing.5.2ProcedureInspecttheelementfromadistanceof1,5minaccordancewithtestmethod5.1ofISO4586-2:1997.5.3ExpressionofresultsReportHPDLdefects,asdefinedin5.1ofISO4586-2:1997,plusfabricationdefectssuchassurfaceripple,bumps,cracks,indentationsandadhesivesmears.5.4TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)anydefectsobserved;d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.6Dimensions6.1Determinationoflengthandwidth6.1.1PrincipleThelengthandwidthoftheelementaremeasuredusingasteeltapeorrule.6.1.2Apparatus6.1.2.1Steeltapeorrule,ofsufficientlengthtomeasurethegreatestdimensionoftheelement,andgraduatedtoallowareadingaccuracyof0,5mm.Forcut-to-sizeelementsrequiringmoreprecisedimensionaltolerances,suitablehigh-precisionmeasuringequipmentshallbeused.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved36.1.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.6.1.4ProcedureApplythesteeltapeorrule(6.1.2.1)toeachedgeoftheelementinturn,onalineapproximately25mmfromandparalleltotheedge.Measurethelengthoneachedgetothenearest0,5mm.6.1.5ExpressionofresultsExpressthelengthandwidthoftheelement,tothenearest0,5mm,asthelengthandwidthmeasurementsshowingthegreatestdeviationfromthecorrespondingnominalvalues.6.1.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thelengthandwidthvalues(see6.1.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.6.2Determinationofedgestraightness6.2.1PrincipleAbowgaugeisappliedtotheedgeoftheelementandthedeviationoftheboardedgefromastraightlineismeasured.6.2.2Apparatus6.2.2.1Bowgauge,ofsuitablelength(linFigure3),asspecifiedin7.2.1.6.2.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.6.2.4ProcedurePlacethebowgauge(6.2.2.1)sothatthethreefeet(twofixedandonemovable)arelightlytouchingoneedgeoftheelementintheareaofgreatestdeformation,andmeasurethestraightnessdeviation(shownonthedialgauge)tothenearest0,1mm.Repeatthisprocedurefortheotherthreeedges.Forpostformedelements,thefeetofthebowgaugeshalltouchtheextremeedgeoftheprofile.6.2.5ExpressionofresultsRecordthemaximumdeviationforeachofthefouredges.Designateresults“+”iftheedgeisconvex,and“”iftheedgeisconcave.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)4©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedKey1Bowgauge2ElementFigure1—Measuringedgestraightness6.2.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thetestresultforeachofthefouredges(see6.2.5);d)thedistancelbetweenthefixedfeetofthebowgauge;e)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;f)thedateofthetest.6.3Determinationofedgesquareness6.3.1PrincipleAright-angledsquareisappliedtothecorneroftheelementandthedeviationoftheedgefromthesquareismeasuredusingasteelrule.6.3.2Apparatus6.3.2.1Right-angledsquare,withtwoarmsatleast1000mm1mmlong(seeFigure2).6.3.2.2Steelrule,graduatedin0,5mmdivisions.6.3.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved56.3.4ProcedureApplytheright-angledsquare(6.3.2.1)toonecorneroftheelementandmeasurethedeviationoftheedgeoftheboardfromthearmofthesquareatadistanceof1mfromthecorner.Recordtheresultstothenearest0,5mm.Repeattheprocedurewiththesquareappliedtothediagonallyoppositecorneroftheelement.6.3.5ExpressionofresultsRecordthemaximumdeviationfromsquareforthetwodiagonallyoppositecorners(xinFigure2).DimensionsinmillimetresKey1ElementFigure2—Measuringedgesquareness6.3.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thetestresultforeachcorner(see6.3.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.6.4Determinationofthickness6.4.1PrincipleThethicknessoftheelementismeasuredusingathicknessgauge.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)6©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved6.4.2Apparatus6.4.2.1Suitablethicknessgauge,e.g.micrometergauge,dialgaugeorvernierslidingcalliper,graduatedtoallowareadingaccuracyof0,1mm.6.4.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.6.4.4ProcedureMeasurethethicknesstothenearest0,1mmatthecentreofeachofthefouredges,ataposition25mmfromtheedge.6.4.5ExpressionofresultsCalculatethethicknessoftheelementasthearithmeticmeanofthefourthicknessmeasurements,expressingittothenearest0,1mm.Recordthemaximumandminimumvaluesalso.6.4.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)themeanthicknessvalue,andmaximumandminimumvalues(see6.4.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.7Flatness7.1PrincipleThebow(deviationfromflatness)oftheelementismeasuredusingabowgaugeplacedatthepositionofthegreatestdeformation.7.2Apparatus7.2.1Bowgauge,ofsuitablelength(linFigure3),graduatedtopermitareadingaccuracyof0,1mm.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved7Figure3—Bowgauge7.3SpecimenThespecimenshallbetheelementassuppliedbythemanufacturer.7.4ProcedurePositiontheelementeitherhorizontallyorverticallyasdefinedintherelevantspecification.Whenmeasuredhorizontally,theelementshallbeplacedconcavesideupwithoutrestraintonaflathorizontalsurface.Whenmeasuredvertically,theelementshallbeheldinaverticalpositionwiththeshortorlongedgerestingonahorizontalbase,andthebowshallbemeasuredontheconcaveside.Placethebowgauge(7.2.1)sothatthethreefeet(twofixedandonemovable)arelightlytouchingthesurfaceoftheelementintheareaofthegreatestdeformation,andmeasurethedeviationfromflatness(shownonthedialgauge)tothenearest0,1mm.7.5ExpressionofresultsRecordthemaximumdeviationfromflatnessmeasuredusingthebowgauge.7.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)themaximumdeviationfromflatness(see7.5);d)thedistancelbetweenthefixedfeetofthebowgauge;e)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;f)thedateofthetest.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)8©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved8Glue-linequality8.1PrincipleThelaminateisseparatedfromthesubstrateusingachisel,followedbyvisualassessmentoftheseparatedcomponents.NOTEThistestisonlyanassessmentoftheglue-line;itdoesnotmeasuretheintegrityofthecompositeelement.8.2Apparatus8.2.1Woodchisel,witharigidsteelbladeapproximately30mmwide(seeFigure4).8.2.2G-clamp,suitableforclampingthespecimentothebench.8.2.3Protectivegloves.DimensionsinmillimetresFigure4—Suggestedtoolforglue-linequalitytest8.3SpecimensEachspecimenshallbeapproximately300mm100mm,cutfromtheelementafterithasbeenstoredinnormalworkshopconditionsforatleast7daysafterpressing.Twospecimensshallbetested.8.4ProcedureWARNING—Suitableprotectiveglovesmustbewornwhencarryingoutthistest.ClampthespecimenfirmlytothebenchusingaG-clamp(8.2.2)orothersuitablearrangement.Startingfromoneofthenarrowsides,insertthebladeofthechisel(8.2.1)intotheglue-line,byhammeringifnecessary,andcarefullyseparatethelaminatefromthesubstrate,tryingasfaraspossibletoremovethelaminateinonepiece.Continueuntilallthelaminatehasbeenremoved,eitherinonepieceorseveralpieces,oruntilitbecomesobviousthatthelaminatecannotberemoved.kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved9Examinetheseparatedcomponentstodeterminetheeffectivenessoftheadhesivebond.Repeattheprocedureusingthesecondspecimen.8.5ExpressionofresultsExpresstheresultoftheexaminationofeachspecimeninaccordancewiththefollowingratingscale:Rating5:Extremelydifficulttocompletelyremovelaminatefromsubstrate;Rating3:Laminatecompletelyremovedfromthesubstratewithsomedifficulty;Rating1:Laminatecompletelyremovedfromthesubstrateeasily.8.6TestreportThetestreportshallincludethefollowinginformation:a)areferencetothispartofISO13894;b)thenameandtypeofproduct;c)thelowestratingachieved(see8.5);d)anydeviationsfromthespecifiedtestmethod;e)thedateofthetest.NOTEAdditionalobservationsmaybespecifiedforparticularcombinationsofadhesivesandsubstrates.9Surfacebondstrength9.1PrincipleAtensileforceisappliedtoaspecifiedcircularareaofthesurface,perpendiculartothesurface,untilthebondbetweenlaminateandsubstrateisruptured.9.2Apparatus9.2.1Millingtool,capableofproducingacirculargrooveofthedimensionsspecifiedin9.3.9.2.2Mushroom-shapedsteelpad(seeFigure5).9.2.3Centeringframe(seeFigure6).9.2.4Tensile-testingmachine,capableofapplyingaforceof2500N.9.2.5Universal-jointdevice,tofixthespecimeninthetestmachinesothatthetensileforceisappliedperpendiculartothesurface(seeFigure7).kSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)10©ISO2000–AllrightsreservedDimensionsinmillimetresFigure5—Mushroom-shapedsteelpadDimensionsinmillimetresKey1HPDL2SubstrateFigure6—CenteringframekSIST FprEN ISO 13894-1:2014

ISO13894-1:2000(E)©ISO2000–Allrightsreserved11DimensionsinmillimetresFigure7—Gimbal-mountedtensile-testingdevice9.2.6Hot-meltadhesive,withameltingpointoflessthan150°C.9.2.7Medium-gradeabrasivepaper.9.2.8Oven,capableofbeingcontrolledto2°Cwithintherange150°Cto170°C.9.3SpecimensEachspecimenshallbesquarewithasideoflength50mm1mm,cutfromtheelementafterithasbee

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