Greenhouse gases - Carbon footprint of products - Requirements and guidelines for quantification (ISO 14067:2018)

This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification and reporting of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP), in a manner consistent with International Standards on life cycle assessment (LCA) (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).
Requirements and guidelines for the quantification of a partial CFP are also specified.
This document is applicable to CFP studies, the results of which provide the basis for different applications (see Clause 4).
This document addresses only a single impact category: climate change. Carbon offsetting and communication of CFP or partial CFP information are outside the scope of this document.
This document does not assess any social or economic aspects or impacts, or any other environmental aspects and related impacts potentially arising from the life cycle of a product.

Treibhausgase - Carbon Footprint von Produkten - Anforderungen an und Leitlinien für Quantifizierung (ISO 14067:2018)

Gaz à effet de serre - Empreinte carbone des produits - Exigences et lignes directrices pour la quantification (ISO 14067:2018)

Le présent document spécifie les principes, les exigences et les lignes directrices relatifs à la quantification et à la déclaration de l'empreinte carbone d'un produit (ECP) d'une manière cohérente avec les Normes internationales sur l'analyse du cycle de vie (ACV) (ISO 14040 et ISO 14044).
Des exigences et des lignes directrices concernant la quantification d'une empreinte carbone partielle d'un produit (ECP partielle) sont également spécifiées.
Le présent document est applicable aux études d'ECP, dont les résultats servent de base à différentes applications (voir Article 4).
Le présent document concerne uniquement la catégorie d'impact du changement climatique. La compensation carbone et la communication des informations de l'ECP ou de l'ECP partielle ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application du présent document.
Le présent document n'évalue aucun aspect ou impact social ou économique, ni aucun autre aspect environnemental et impacts associés résultant potentiellement du cycle de vie d'un produit.

Toplogredni plini - Ogljični odtis izdelkov - Zahteve in smernice za merjenje (ISO 14067:2018)

Ta dokument določa načela, zahteve in smernice za merjenje in poročanje o ogljičnem odtisu izdelka (CFP) na način, ki je skladen z mednarodnimi standardi za oceno življenjskega cikla (LCA) (ISO 14040 in ISO 14044).
Podane so tudi zahteve in smernice za merjenje delnega ogljičnega odtisa.
Ta dokument se uporablja za študije ogljičnega odtisa, katerih rezultati so podlaga za različne vrste uporabe (glej točko 4).
Ta dokument obravnava samo eno kategorijo vpliva: podnebne spremembe. Izravnava ogljika in posredovanje informacij o ogljičnem odtisu ali delnem ogljičnem odtisu ne spadata na področje uporabe tega dokumenta.
Ta dokument ne ocenjuje nobenih družbenih ali ekonomskih vidikov oziroma vplivov ali drugih okoljskih vidikov in s tem povezanih vplivov, ki bi lahko izhajali iz življenjskega cikla izdelka.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Sep-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
26-Sep-2018
Completion Date
26-Sep-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
01-februar-2019
1DGRPHãþD
SIST-TS CEN ISO/TS 14067:2014

7RSORJUHGQLSOLQL2JOMLþQLRGWLVL]GHONRY=DKWHYHLQVPHUQLFH]DPHUMHQMH ,62



Greenhouse gases - Carbon footprint of products - Requirements and guidelines for

quantification (ISO 14067:2018)

Treibhausgase - Carbon Footprint von Produkten - Anforderungen an und Leitlinien für

Quantifizierung (ISO 14067:2018)

Gaz à effet de serre - Empreinte carbone des produits - Exigences et lignes directrices

pour la quantification (ISO 14067:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14067:2018
ICS:
13.020.40 Onesnaževanje, nadzor nad Pollution, pollution control
onesnaževanjem in and conservation
ohranjanje
13.020.60 Življenjski ciklusi izdelkov Product life-cycles
SIST EN ISO 14067:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
EN ISO 14067
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020.40 Supersedes CEN ISO/TS 14067:2014
English Version
Greenhouse gases - Carbon footprint of products -
Requirements and guidelines for quantification (ISO
14067:2018)

Gaz à effet de serre - Empreinte carbone des produits - Treibhausgase - Carbon Footprint von Produkten -

Exigences et lignes directrices pour la quantification Anforderungen an und Leitlinien für Quantifizierung

(ISO 14067:2018) (ISO 14067:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 25 July 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14067:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
EN ISO 14067:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
EN ISO 14067:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 14067:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207

"Environmental management" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/SS S26 “Environmental

management” the secretariat of which is held by CCMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2019, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN ISO/TS 14067:2014.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14067:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14067:2018 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14067
First edition
2018-08
Greenhouse gases — Carbon footprint
of products — Requirements and
guidelines for quantification
Gaz à effet de serre — Empreinte carbone des produits — Exigences
et lignes directrices pour la quantification
Reference number
ISO 14067:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
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Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviated terms ................................................................................................................................ 1

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3.1.1 Quantification of the carbon footprint of a product .......................................................................... 2

3.1.2 Greenhouse gases ............................................................................................................................................................ 4

3.1.3 Products, product systems and processes ................................................................................................. 5

3.1.4 Life cycle assessment ................................................................................................................................................... 7

3.1.5 Organizations ...................................................................................................................................................................... 8

3.1.6 Data and data quality ................................................................................................................................................... 9

3.1.7 Biogenic material and land use ........................................................................................................................10

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................11

4 Application ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................11

5 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................11

5.2 Life cycle perspective .....................................................................................................................................................................11

5.3 Relative approach and functional or declared unit ..............................................................................................12

5.4 Iterative approach .............................................................................................................................................................................12

5.5 Priority of scientific approach ................................................................................................................................................12

5.6 Relevance ..................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.7 Completeness ........................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.8 Consistency .............................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.9 Coherence .................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.10 Accuracy .....................................................................................................................................................................................................12

5.11 Transparency .........................................................................................................................................................................................13

5.12 Avoidance of double-counting ................................................................................................................................................13

6 Methodology for quantification of the CFP and partial CFP .................................................................................13

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.2 Use of CFP–PCR ....................................................................................................................................................................................13

6.3 Goal and scope definition ...........................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.1 Goal of a CFP study ......................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.2 Scope of a CFP study ..................................................................................................................................................14

6.3.3 Functional or declared unit .................................................................................................................................15

6.3.4 System boundary ..........................................................................................................................................................15

6.3.5 Data and data quality ................................................................................................................................................16

6.3.6 Time boundary for data ..........................................................................................................................................17

6.3.7 Use stage and use profile .......................................................................................................................................18

6.3.8 End-of-life stage .............................................................................................................................................................18

6.4 Life cycle inventory analysis for the CFP .......................................................................................................................19

6.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................19

6.4.2 Data collection ................................................................................................................................................................20

6.4.3 Validation of data ..........................................................................................................................................................20

6.4.4 Relating data to unit process and functional or declared unit ..............................................20

6.4.5 Refining the system boundary ..........................................................................................................................20

6.4.6 Allocation ............................................................................................................................................................................21

6.4.7 CFP performance tracking ....................................................................................................................................22

6.4.8 Assessing the effect of the timing of GHG emissions and removals ..................................23

6.4.9 Treatment of specific GHG emissions and removals ......................................................................23

6.5 Impact assessment for CFP or partial CFP ...................................................................................................................29

6.5.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................29

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)

6.5.2 Impact assessment of biogenic carbon ......................................................................................................29

6.6 Interpretation of CFP or partial CFP .................................................................................................................................29

7 CFP study report ................................................................................................................................................................................................30

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................30

7.2 GHG values in the CFP study report ...................................................................................................................................30

7.3 Required information for the CFP study report ......................................................................................................31

7.4 Optional information for the CFP study report ........................................................................................................32

8 Critical review ......................................................................................................................................................................................................32

Annex A (normative) Limitations of the CFP .............................................................................................................................................33

Annex B (normative) Comparison based on the CFP of different products ..............................................................35

Annex C (normative) The CFP systematic approach .........................................................................................................................36

Annex D (informative) Possible procedures for the treatment of recycling in CFP studies .....................38

Annex E (informative) Guidance on quantifying GHG emissions and removals for

agricultural and forestry products .................................................................................................................................................42

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................45

iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso

.org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 7, Greenhouse gas management and related activities.

This first edition cancels and replaces ISO/TS 14067:2013, which has been technically revised. It

constitutes a reduction in scope as follows:

— principles, requirements and guidance on communication of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP)

and the partial CFP are now covered in ISO 14026;

— principles, requirements and guidance on verification are now covered in ISO 14064-3;

— principles, requirements and guidance on PCR are now covered in ISO/TS 14027;

— requirements for the treatment of biogenic carbon and electricity have been revised and clarified;

— the definitions have been aligned within the ISO 14064 series for ease of interpretation.

This document is the generic standard for the quantification of the carbon footprint of products.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)
Introduction

Climate change arising from anthropogenic activity has been identified as one of the greatest challenges

facing the world and will continue to affect business and citizens over future decades.

Climate change has implications for both human and natural systems and could lead to significant

impacts on resource availability, economic activity and human wellbeing. In response, international,

regional, national and local initiatives are being developed and implemented by public and private

sectors to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations in the Earth’s atmosphere as well as to

facilitate adaptation to climate change.

There is a need for an effective and progressive response to the urgent threat of climate change

on the basis of the best available scientific knowledge. ISO produces documents that support the

transformation of scientific knowledge into tools that will help address climate change.

GHG initiatives on mitigation rely on the quantification, monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG

emissions and/or removals.

The ISO 14060 family provides clarity and consistency for quantifying, monitoring, reporting and

validating or verifying GHG emissions and removals to support sustainable development through a

low-carbon economy. It also benefits organizations, project proponents and stakeholders worldwide

by providing clarity and consistency on quantifying, monitoring, reporting, and validating or verifying

GHG emissions and removals. Specifically, the use of the ISO 14060 family:
— enhances the environmental integrity of GHG quantification;

— enhances the credibility, consistency, and transparency of GHG quantification, monitoring,

reporting, validation and verification;

— facilitates the development and implementation of GHG management strategies and plans;

— facilitates the development and implementation of mitigation actions through emission reductions

or removal enhancements;

— facilitates the ability to track performance and progress in the reduction of GHG emissions and/or

increase in GHG removals.
Applications of the ISO 14060 family include:

— corporate decisions, such as identifying GHG emission reduction opportunities and increasing

profitability by reducing energy consumption;

— carbon risk management, such as the identification and management of risks and opportunities;

— voluntary initiatives, such as participation in voluntary GHG registries or sustainability reporting

initiatives;
— GHG markets, such as the buying and selling of GHG allowances or credits;

— regulatory/government GHG programmes, such as credit for early action, agreements or national

and local reporting initiatives.

ISO 14064-1 details principles and requirements for designing, developing, managing and reporting

organization-level GHG inventories.

It includes requirements for determining GHG emission and removal boundaries, quantifying an

organization’s GHG emissions and removals, and identifying specific company actions or activities

aimed at improving GHG management.

It also includes requirements and guidance on inventory quality management, reporting, internal

auditing and the organization’s responsibilities in verification activities.
vi © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)

ISO 14064-2 details principles and requirements for determining baselines and for the monitoring,

quantifying and reporting of project emissions. It focuses on GHG projects or project-based activities

specifically designed to reduce GHG emissions and/or enhance GHG removals. It provides the basis for

GHG projects to be validated and verified.

ISO 14064-3 details requirements for verifying GHG statements related to GHG inventories, GHG projects,

and carbon footprints of products. It describes the process for validation or verification, including

validation or verification planning, assessment procedures, and the evaluation of organizational,

project and product GHG statements.

ISO 14065 defines requirements for bodies that validate and verify GHG statements. Its requirements

cover impartiality, competence, communication, validation and verification processes, appeals,

complaints, and the management system of validation and verification bodies. It can be used as a

basis for accreditation and other forms of recognition in relation to the impartiality, competence, and

consistency of validation and verification bodies.

ISO 14066 specifies competence requirements for validation teams and verification teams. It includes

principles and specifies competence requirements based on the tasks that validation teams or

verification teams must be able to perform.

This document defines the principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification of the carbon

footprint of products. The aim of this document is to quantify GHG emissions associated with the life

cycle stages of a product, beginning with resource extraction and raw material sourcing and extending

through the production, use and end-of-life stages of the product.

ISO/TR 14069 assists users in the application of ISO 14064-1, providing guidelines and examples for

improving transparency in the quantification of emissions and their reporting. It does not provide

additional guidance to ISO 14064-1.

Figure 1 illustrates the relationship among the ISO 14060 family of GHG standards.

Figure 1 — Relationship among the ISO 14060 family of GHG standards
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 14067:2019
ISO 14067:2018(E)
NOTE In this document, GHG statements are the CFP or the partial CFP.

GHGs can be emitted and removed throughout the life cycle of a product which includes acquisition

of raw material, design, production, transportation/delivery, use and the end-of-life treatment.

Quantification of the carbon footprint of a product (CFP) will assist in the understanding and action to

increase GHG removals and reduce GHG emissions throughout the life cycle of a product. This document

details principles, requirements and guidelines for the quantification of CFPs, i.e. goods and services,

based on GHG emissions and removals over their life cycle. Requirements and guidelines for the

quantification of a partial CFP are also provided. Communication related to the CFP or the partial CFP

is covered in ISO 14026. The development of product category rules (PCR) is covered in ISO/TS 14027.

This document is based on principles, requirements and guidelines identified in existing International

Standards on life cycle assessment (LCA), ISO 14040 and ISO 14044, and aims to set specific

requirements for the quantification of a CFP and a partial CFP.

This document is expected to benefit organizations, governments, industry, service providers,

communities and other interested parties by providing clarity and consistency in quantifying CFPs.

Specifically, using LCA in accordance with this document, with climate change as the single impact

category, can offer benefits through:

— avoiding burden-shifting from one stage of a product life cycle to another or between product

life cycles;
— providing requirements for the quantification of the CFP;
— facilitating CFP performance tracking in reducing GHG emissions;

— providing a better understanding of the CFP such that potential opportunities for increases in GHG

removals and reductions of GHG emissions might be identified;
— helping to promote a sustainable low carbon economy;

— enhancing the credibility, consistency and transparency of the quantification and reporting of

the CFP;

— facilitating the evaluation of alternative product design and sourcing options, production and

manufacturing methods, raw material choices, transportation, recycling and other end-of-life

processes;

— facilitating the development and implementation of GHG management strategies and plans across

product life cycles, as well as the detection of additional efficiencies in the supply chain;

— preparing reliable CFP information.
NOTE In re
...

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