Machines and plants for the manufacture, treatment and processing of hollow glass - Safety requirements - Part 5: Presses

1.1   This standard contains the requirements for the design and installation of glass presses including equipment for feeding of portions of molten glass to the mould, loading equipment and equipment for discharging articles (take-out) when these are integral parts of the presses.
1.2   !This standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to glass presses when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).  This standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks from the significant hazards commissioning, operation and maintenance."
1.3   This standard does not deal with forming machines for hollow glass where the press operation is only a part of the hot-forming process, such as the press/blow process of IS machines (see !EN 13042-3").
1.4   This standard does not deal with gob feeders (see !EN 13042-1") and handling machines for feeding (see !EN 13042-2") which are self-standing machines and dealt with in other standards of the series regarding machinery used in the production of hollow glass.
1.5   This document is not applicable to presses which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN.
1.6   This standard deals only with hazards arising from the application of components which may be used in glass presses, such as motors and continuous handling equipment.  More particular safety requirements are dealt with within standards more specific to that component, including noise.
1.7   This standard does not deal with equipment for cooling and waste ejection with air or heating from an outside system.

Maschinen und Anlagen für die Herstellung, Be- und Verarbeitung von Hohlglas - Sicherheitsanforderungen - Teil 5: Pressen

1.1   Diese Norm enthält die Anforderungen für die Konstruktion und Installation von Glaspressen vom Zuführen eines schmelzförmigen Glaspostens zur Form, Beladeeinrichtungen und Einrichtungen zur Entnahme von Artikeln (Entnahmeeinrichtungen), soweit diese Teile der Presse sind.
1.2           Diese Norm behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungs-ereignisse, die auf Glaspressen zutreffen, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter den Bedingungen des Missbrauchs, die vernünftigerweise vom Hersteller vorhersehbar sind, verwendet werden (siehe Abschnitt 4). Diese Norm spezifiziert die entsprechenden technischen Maßnahmen zur Beseitigung oder Verminderung der Risiken, die von den signifikanten Gefährdungen während der Inbetriebnahme, Bedienung und Wartung ausgehen.
1.3   Diese Norm befasst sich nicht mit Formmaschinen für Hohlglas, bei denen der Pressvorgang nur ein Teil der Heißformungsvorgangs wie das Press-/Blasverfahren bei IS-Maschinen (siehe EN 13042-3) ist.
1.4   Diese Norm befasst sich nicht mit Tropfenspeisern (siehe EN 13042-1) und Handhabungs-maschinen zum Speisen (siehe EN 13042-2), die selbständige Maschinen sind und in anderen Normen der Reihe zu Maschinen behandelt werden, die in der Herstellung von Hohlglas benutzt werden.
1.5   Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Glaspressen, die hergestellt wurden, bevor CEN dieses Dokument veröffentlichte.
1.6   Diese Norm behandelt nur Gefährdungen durch den Einsatz von Komponenten, die in Glasspressen verwendet werden können, wie Motoren und Stetigförderer. Speziellere Sicherheitsanforderungen werden in Normen behandelt, die spezifischer für diese Komponente sind, einschließlich Lärm.
1.7   Diese Norm befasst sich nicht mit Geräten zur Kühlung oder zum Ausstoß von Ausschuss mit Luft oder zur Beheizung von einem externen System.

Machines et installations pour la production, le façonnage et la transformation du verre creux - Exigences de sécurité - Partie 5: Presses

1.1 Cette Norme contient les prescriptions relatives à la conception et l'installation de presses de traitement du
verre incluant l'équipement pour alimenter les parties de verre fondu au moule, l'équipement d’alimentation et
l'équipement pour décharger les articles (extraction) quand ceux-ci font partie intégrante de la presse.
1.2 !La présente Norme européenne traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations ou évènements
dangereux significatifs spécifiques aux presses de traitement du verre, quand ces équipements sont
utilisés normalement et dans les conditions de mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisible par le fabricant
(voir l’Article 4). La présente norme spécifie les mesures techniques appropriées permettant d’éliminer ou de réduire
les risques dus aux phénomènes dangereux significatifs rencontrés lors de la mise en service, du fonctionnement et
de la maintenance."
1.3 La présente Norme ne traite pas des machines pour le façonnage du verre creux où le fonctionnement de la
presse est seulement une partie du processus de façonnage à chaud, comme la presse / façonnage final par
soufflage (Machines IS) (voir !EN 13042-3").
1.4 La présente Norme ne s'applique ni aux mécanismes d'alimentation en paraisons (voir !EN 13042-1")
ni aux machines de chargement (voir !EN 13042-2") qui sont des machines indépendantes et traitées dans
d'autres normes de la série relative aux machines pour la production de verre creux.
1.5 Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux presses qui sont fabriquées avant la date de publication de ce
document par le CEN.
1.6 La présente Norme traite seulement des risques résultant du fonctionnement des composants qui peuvent être
utilisés dans des presses de verre, comme les moteurs et l'équipement de manutention en continu. Des spécifications
plus particulières de sécurité sont traitées dans des normes plus spécifiques à ces composants, y compris le bruit.

Stroji in obrati za proizvodnjo, obdelavo in predelavo votlega stekla - Varnostne zahteve - 5. del: Stiskalnice

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Jun-2009
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Dec-2020
Completion Date
19-May-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Stroji in obrati za proizvodnjo, obdelavo in predelavo votlega stekla - Varnostne zahteve - 5. del: StiskalniceMaschinen und Anlagen für die Herstellung, Be- und Verarbeitung von Hohlglas - Sicherheitsanforderungen - Teil 5: PressenMachines et installations pour la production, le façonnage et la transformation du verre creux - Exigences de sécurité - Partie 5: PressesMachines and plants for the manufacture, treatment and processing of hollow glass - Safety requirements - Part 5: Presses81.100Equipment for the glass and ceramics industriesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009en,fr01-september-2009SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13042-5:2003+A1
July 2009 ICS 81.100 Supersedes EN 13042-5:2003English Version

Machines and plants for the manufacture, treatment and processing of hollow glass - Safety requirements - Part 5: Presses

Machines et installations pour la production, le façonnage et la transformation du verre creux - Exigences de sécurité - Partie 5: Presses

Maschinen und Anlagen für die Herstellung, Be- und Verarbeitung von Hohlglas - Sicherheitsanforderungen - Teil 5: Pressen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 7 May 2003 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 5 June 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009: ESIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 2 Contents Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3 0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .............................................................................................................................................................. 4 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions – Symbols and abbreviated terms ......................................................................... 6 4 List of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................ 7 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................................................................... 9 6 Verification of safety requirements and/or protective measures ........................................................... 14 7 Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 14 Annex A (informative)

Examples of safeguarding hazards of crushing, drawing-in and entanglement at rotating tables .............................................................................................................................................. 16 Annex B (informative)

Illustration of a mould set .................................................................................................. 20 Annex ZA (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC" ................................................................................................... 21 Annex ZB (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC" ............................................................................................... 22 Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................. 23

SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 151 “Construction equipment and building material machines – Safety“, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2010. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2009-06-05. This document supersedes EN 13042-5:2003. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !". This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). !For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document." It is one of a series concerning machinery for the treatment and processing of hollow glass. Annex A is informative and contains “Examples of safeguarding hazards of crushing, drawing-in and entanglement at rotating tables“ and annex B is informative and contains “Illustration of a mould set“. This document includes a Bibliography. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 4 0 Introduction This document is a type-C standard as stated in !EN ISO 12100". The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document. As with presses for forming hot metal, the result of the risk assessment is that due to the heat of the material processed and the need for the use of auxiliary aids, such as tongs, during work in the danger zone of the closing mould, there is typically no significant risk from the closing movement of the mould parts during the normal shaping process of hot glass.

There are hazards at other times, e.g. movements initiated by personnel or failure of the controls during setting.

Safety requirements laid down in this standard relative to the movements of mould parts therefore deal especially with the manual control of glass presses for setting operations as defined in 3.7. When compiling this standard, it was assumed that:  movements of mould parts (plunger and ring) in hydraulically and pneumatically operated presses result from the movements of the rod or of the cylinder;  harmful materials such as asbestos and toxic substances are not used;  noise generated by the glass press is itself not a significant hazard, but noise by air-cooling of hot articles and the mould and by pneumatic waste ejection with air from an outside system may cause the necessity of wearing ear protection by the operator.  glass presses are not intended to be used in potentially explosive atmospheres. When provisions of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or -B standards, the provisions of this type-C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type-C standard. 1 Scope 1.1 This standard contains the requirements for the design and installation of glass presses including equipment for feeding of portions of molten glass to the mould, loading equipment and equipment for discharging articles (take-out) when these are integral parts of the presses. 1.2 !This standard deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to glass presses when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).

This standard specifies the appropriate technical measures to eliminate or reduce risks arising from the significant hazards during commissioning, operation and maintenance." 1.3 This standard does not deal with forming machines for hollow glass where the press operation is only a part of the hot-forming process, such as the press/blow process of IS machines (see !EN 13042-3"). 1.4 This standard does not deal with gob feeders (see !EN 13042-1") and handling machines for feeding (see !EN 13042-2") which are self-standing machines and dealt with in other standards of the series regarding machinery used in the production of hollow glass. 1.5 This document is not applicable to presses which are manufactured before the date of publication of this document by CEN. 1.6 This standard deals only with hazards arising from the application of components which may be used in glass presses, such as motors and continuous handling equipment.

More particular safety requirements are dealt with within standards more specific to that component, including noise. SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 5 1.7 This standard does not deal with equipment for cooling and waste ejection with air or heating from an outside system. 2 Normative references !The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies." !deleted text" EN 349:1993, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body. !deleted text" EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards. !deleted text" EN 982:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Hydraulics. EN 983:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components — Pneumatics. EN 1037:1995, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up. !deleted text" EN 12464-1:2002, Lighting applications — Lighting of workplaces - Part 1: Indoor work places. !EN 60204-1:2006, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2005, modified)" EN 61508-5, Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems – Part 5: Examples of methods for the determination of safety integrity levels (IEC 61508-5:1998 + Corrigendum 1999). !EN ISO 4871:1996, Acoustics — Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996) EN ISO 11201:1995, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 11201:1995) EN ISO 11202:1995, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Survey method in situ (ISO 11202:1995) EN ISO 11204:1995, Acoustics — Noise emitted by machinery and equipment — Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions — Method requiring environmental corrections (ISO 11204:1995) EN ISO 11688-1:1998, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995) EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003) EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003) SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 6 EN ISO 13849-1:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2006) EN ISO 13850:2008, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850:2006)" 3 Terms and definitions – Symbols and abbreviated terms For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in !EN ISO 12100-1:2003" apply.

Additional definitions specifically needed for this document are added below: 3.1 glass presses machines, where the shaping of molten glass is performed by the action of pressure in a mould set as a result of the linear closing travel of the different parts of the mould set (lower mould, ring, plunger) 3.2 ring part of the mould set to close the gap between plunger and lower mould in press position 3.3 mould set configuration consisting of plunger, ring and lower mould, see annex B (informative) 3.4 mould change replacement of a mould set or parts of it by identical ones in order to maintain production 3.5 job change replacement of a mould set in order to produce another product 3.6 adjustment regulation of machine functions, e.g. pressing load, cooling, lubrication during normal operation 3.7 setting operations all work which is necessary for mould change or job change 3.8 start-up delay

time between the first given start signal for the start of the machine in the automatic mode and the first movement of the automatic cycle of the machine

3.9 loading equipment device to feed already pre-formed glass parts into the press 3.10 working cycle all movements completed by parts of the mould from fully open to fully closed and back to fully open 3.11 cycle-single (control) mode operating method where each working cycle has to be operated positively by the operator and is stopped automatically when the cycle is completed SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 7 3.12 automatic (control) mode operating method where working cycles are repeated automatically after a given manual start till the movements are stopped by a manually given stop signal 3.13 press station area of machines with sliding or rotation table where the mould set is brought into position and closes to form the article 3.14 manual control (mode) operating method permitting (individual) movements only by controls (control devices) requiring sustained action, e.g. for setting 4 List of significant hazards This clause contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as far as they are dealt with in this standard, identified by risk assessment as significant for glass presses and which require action to eliminate or reduce the risk. Before using this standard, it is important to carry out a general risk assessment of the machine in question. NOTE Application of B-level standards see clause 5.

!!!!Table 1 — List of significant hazards Clause Hazards Danger zone/ dangerous item Preventive measures see clause 4.1 Mechanical

4.1.1 crushing of hand and arm the closing travel of the plunger and the ring against the lower mould during setting operations 5.6.1, 5.13-5.13.2, 5.18 4.1.2 crushing of hand and arm the opening travel of the plunger and the ring and of the piston rod or cylinder with adapters against fixed parts of the press during setting operations 5.1, 5.6.1, 5.13-5.13.2, 5.18 4.1.3 crushing of hand and arm between ring and plunger during setting operations 5.6.1, 5.13-5.13.2, 5.19 4.1.4 crushing of hand and arm between moving piston rod or cylinder with adapter and plunger, ring or cage on their travel for the mounting of the plunger, ring or cage during setting operations 5.13-5.13.2

4.1.5 crushing of hand and arm closing movement of a divided lower mould during setting operations 5.13 4.1.6 crushing of the hand between cam (or piston) and divided (lower) mould, e.g. basket mould, during setting operations 5.13 SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 8 Clause Hazards Danger zone/ dangerous item Preventive measures see clause 4.1.7 crushing/drawing-in rotating table or back and forth-moving sliding table with or without equipment, e.g. mould parts against fixed parts of the machine itself or adjacent fixed parts 5.1.3, 5.1.4 4.1.8 crushing of hand and arm and impact take-out, loading equipment 5.1.1, 5.13 4.1.9 cutting cullets 7.1.6, 7.1.12 4.1.10 entanglement protruding parts of rotating or sliding tables with mounted equipment 5.1.2 4.2 Electrical direct or indirect contact 5.4.2 4.3 Thermal hazards resulting in burns hot glass, hot mould parts and machine parts, heated cooling water, naked flames 5.2, 7.1.5-7.1.7 4.4

Fire ignition of inflammable hydraulic fluid 5.3 4.5 Neglecting ergonomic principles

4.5.1 excessive effort mould parts, mould set 5.19 4.5.1 human behaviour untrained personnel 7.1.9 4.5.2 inadequate design of manual controls areas with hazards resulting in burns5.8.1 4.5.3 inadequate design of display units switching mode 5.8.2, 5.8.3, 7.1.10 4.6 Unexpected start-up, malfunction

4.6.1 failure/disorder of the control system, energy supply all dangerous movements 5.7, 5.9-5.12, 5.14-5.16, 7.1.2, 7.1.3 4.6.2 external influences, e.g. heat, gravity electrical equipment, lifted machine parts 5.4, 5.17, 5.18.1, 5.18.2 4.7 Impossibility of stopping the machine in the best possible conditions all dangerous movements 5.5, 5.6, 5.18, 7.1.4 4.7 Slip spilled oil (lubrication) 7.1.8 " SIST EN 13042-5:2004+A1:2009

EN 13042-5:2003+A1:2009 (E) 9 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures !Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In addition, the machine shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100 for relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with by this document." NOTE For applications of a B-level standard such as !EN ISO 13850", EN 953, !EN ISO 13849-1", EN 982, EN 983, EN 1037 and EN 60204-1, the manufacturer should carry out an adequate risk assessment for the requirements thereof where choice is necessary.

This specific risk assessment is part of the general risk assessment relating to the hazards not covered by this standard. Where the means of reducing the risk is by the arrangement of the installed machine or by a safe system of work, the manufacturer shall include in the Information for use a reference to the reduction means to be provided, including training, and to any limiting value of the requirement and, if appropriate, to the means of verification. 5.1 Crushing hazards of hand and arm by pistons or cylinders and their adapters (with or without mould parts) against other moving or fixed parts during the opening travel of plunger and ring shall be prevented as far as is practicable by design, such as providing a minimum gap of 120 mm (see Table 1 of EN 349:1993). 5.1.1 Crushing and impact hazards from the movement of loading equipment and the take-out during the “automatic” operation mode shall be safeguarded by fixed or interlocking distance guards conforming to the requirements of 3.2.2 and 3.5 of EN 953:1997. 5.1.2 Entanglement hazards of the body caused by the movement of rotating or sliding tables together with mounted equipment such as mould parts, shall be avoided or safeguarded by: 5.1.2.1 Having a smooth outside edge and surfac

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