Fixed firefighting systems - Components for sprinkler and water spray systems - Part 14: Sprinklers for residential applications

This document specifies requirements for the construction and performance of residential sprinklers as well as test methods for their type approval, which are operated by a change of state of an element or bursting of a glass bulb under the influence of heat, for use only in automatic sprinkler systems for domestic and residential applications as defined in EN 16925:− .
This standard does not cover representative fire and other tests for special sprinklers that are intended to provide for specific fire hazards, nor does it cover fire and other tests for sprinklers for commercial and industrial sprinkler systems as in EN 12845. Those test requirements are covered by EN 12259-1.
NOTE 1   All pressure data in this European Standard are given as gauge pressures in bar.
NOTE 2    Sprinklers according to EN12259-1 can also be used in residential and domestic applications if the system is designed according to EN 12845.

Ortsfeste Brandbekämpfungsanlagen - Bauteile für Sprinkler- und Sprühwasseranlagen - Teil 14: Sprinkler für die Anwendung im Wohnbereich

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an die Konstruktion und Leistung von Wohnraumsprinklern für die ausschließliche Verwendung in automatischen Sprinkleranlagen für den Wohn- und Hausgebrauch, wie in EN 16925 festgelegt, die dadurch öffnen, dass sich bei Erwärmung der Zustand eines Elements ändert oder ein Glasfass zerspringt, sowie Prüfverfahren für deren Bauartzulassung fest.
Dieses Dokument deckt weder repräsentative Brand- und andere Prüfungen für spezielle Sprinkler, die für besondere Brandgefahren vorgesehen sind, noch Brand- und andere Prüfungen für Sprinkler für handelsübliche und industrielle Sprinkleranlagen nach EN 12845 ab. Diese Prüfanforderungen sind durch EN 12259 1 abgedeckt.
ANMERKUNG 1 Alle Drücke in diesem Dokument werden als Überdrücke in Bar angegeben.
ANMERKUNG 2 Sprinkler nach EN 12259 1 können auch für den Wohn- und Hausgebrauch eingesetzt werden, wenn die Anlage nach EN 12845 ausgelegt ist.

Installations fixes de lutte contre l’incendie - Composants des systèmes d’extinction du type sprinkleur et à pulvérisation d’eau - Partie 14: Sprinkleurs pour applications résidentielles

Le présent document spécifie les exigences relatives à la construction et aux performances des sprinkleurs résidentiels, ainsi que les méthodes d’essai en vue de leur homologation de type, ces sprinkleurs étant déclenchés par un changement d’état d’un élément ou l’éclatement d’une ampoule de verre sous l’effet de la chaleur. Ces exigences et méthodes d’essai s’appliquent uniquement aux systèmes d’extinction automatique de type sprinkleurs à usage domestique et résidentiel, tels que définis dans l’EN 16925 ).
La présente norme ne couvre ni les essais au feu et autres essais représentatifs des sprinkleurs spéciaux destinés à prévenir des risques d’incendie particuliers, ni les essais au feu et autres essais des sprinkleurs des systèmes d’extinction de type sprinkleurs à usages commerciaux et industriels spécifiés dans l’EN 12845. Ces exigences d’essai sont traitées dans l’EN 12259-1.
NOTE 1   Toutes les valeurs de pression manométrique figurant dans la présente Norme européenne sont exprimées en bar.
NOTE 2    Les sprinkleurs conformes à l’EN 12259-1 peuvent également être utilisés dans les applications résidentielles et domestiques, à condition que le système soit conçu conformément à l’EN 12845.

Vgrajene naprave za gašenje - Sestavni deli sprinklerskih sistemov in sistemov s pršečo vodo - 14. del: Sprinklerji za uporabo v stanovanjih

Ta dokument določa zahteve za konstrukcijo in izvedbo ter preskusne metode za tipsko odobritev sprinklerjev za uporabo v stanovanjih, ki delujejo po načelu spremembe stanja elementa oziroma razbitja steklenega mehurčka pod vplivom toplote. Sprinklerji so namenjeni za uporabo samo v avtomatskih sprinklerskih sistemih za bivalne površine, kot je opredeljeno v standardu EN 16925.
Standard ne zajema reprezentativnih protipožarnih in drugih preskusov za posebne sprinklerje, namenjene preprečevanju določenih nevarnosti požara, niti požarnih in drugih preskusov za sprinklerje za uporabo v komercialnih in industrijskih sprinklerskih sistemih, kot je opredeljeno v standardu EN 12845. Ti preskusi so zajeti v standardu EN 12259-1.
OPOMBA 1: Vsi podatki o tlaku v tem evropskem standardu so podani kot tlačne vrednosti merilnika v barih.
OPOMBA 2: Sprinklerje iz standarda EN 12259-1 je mogoče za bivalne površine uporabljati tudi, če je sistem zasnovan v skladu s standardom EN 12845.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Jan-2020
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
22-Jan-2020
Completion Date
22-Jan-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12259-14:2020
01-marec-2020
Vgrajene naprave za gašenje - Sestavni deli sprinklerskih sistemov in sistemov s
pršečo vodo - 14. del: Sprinklerji za uporabo v stanovanjih

Fixed firefighting systems - Components for sprinkler and water spray systems - Part 14:

Sprinklers for residential applications

Ortsfeste Löschanlagen - Bauteile für Sprinkler- und Sprühwasseranlagen - Teil 14:

Sprinkler für die Anwendung im Wohnbereich

Installations fixes de lutte contre l’incendie - Composants des systèmes d’extinction du

type sprinkleur et à pulvérisation d’eau - Partie 14: Sprinkleurs pour applications

résidentielles
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12259-14:2020
ICS:
13.220.10 Gašenje požara Fire-fighting
SIST EN 12259-14:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
January 2020
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.20
English Version
Fixed firefighting systems - Components for sprinkler and
water spray systems - Part 14: Sprinklers for residential
applications

Installations fixes de lutte contre l'incendie - Ortsfeste Brandbekämpfungsanlagen - Bauteile für

Composants des systèmes d'extinction du type Sprinkler- und Sprühwasseranlagen - Teil 14: Sprinkler

sprinkleur et à pulvérisation d'eau - Partie 14: für die Anwendung im Wohnbereich

Sprinkleurs pour applications résidentielles
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 4 November 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12259-14:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 Construction and performance ............................................................................................................... 10

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2 Dimensions and pressure rating ............................................................................................................ 10

4.3 Nominal operating temperature ............................................................................................................ 11

4.4 Operating temperatures ............................................................................................................................ 11

4.5 Water flow and distribution ..................................................................................................................... 12

4.6 Function ........................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.7 Fire Test ........................................................................................................................................................... 13

4.8 Strength of sprinkler body and deflector ............................................................................................ 13

4.9 Strength of release element...................................................................................................................... 14

Figure 1 — Graph of service load and bulb strength distribution curves .............................................. 14

4.10 Leak resistance and hydrostatic strength ........................................................................................... 15

4.11 Heat exposure ................................................................................................................................................ 15

4.12 Corrosion ......................................................................................................................................................... 15

4.13 Water hammer .............................................................................................................................................. 16

4.14 Thermal response ........................................................................................................................................ 16

4.15 Resistance to vibration .............................................................................................................................. 16

4.16 Resistance to impact ................................................................................................................................... 16

4.17 Resistance to low temperature ............................................................................................................... 16

4.18 Resistance to heat ........................................................................................................................................ 16

4.19 Test conditions .............................................................................................................................................. 16

5 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 17

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Identification number ................................................................................................................................ 17

5.3 Nominal operating temperature and year of manufacture .......................................................... 17

5.4 Manufacturing location .............................................................................................................................. 17

5.5 Heat sensitive element supplier ............................................................................................................. 17

5.6 Protective covers .......................................................................................................................................... 17

5.7 Sidewall sprinklers ...................................................................................................................................... 18

5.8 Concealed sprinklers .................................................................................................................................. 18

5.9 Removable recessed housing ................................................................................................................... 18

6 Instruction charts......................................................................................................................................... 18

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18

6.2 Installation Instructions ............................................................................................................................ 18

Annex A (normative) Conditions for tests ........................................................................................................ 20

Annex B (normative) Water flow test ................................................................................................................ 21

Figure B.1— Water flow test apparatus ............................................................................................................. 22

Annex C (normative) Water distribution test ................................................................................................. 23

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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)

C.1 Water distribution test – Horizontal surface ...................................................................................... 23

C.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

C.1.2 Upright, pendant, flush, recessed and concealed sprinklers ........................................................ 23

Figure C.1 — Horizontal surface water collection for upright and pendant sprinklers ................... 24

C.1.3 Sidewall Sprinklers ...................................................................................................................................... 24

Figure C.2 — Horizontal surface water collection for sidewall sprinklers ............................................ 25

C.2 Water distribution test – vertical surface ............................................................................................ 26

C.2.1 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 26

Figure C.3 — Vertical water collection ................................................................................................................ 27

C.3 Water impingement test ............................................................................................................................ 28

Annex D (normative) Fire test ............................................................................................................................... 29

D.1 Extent of testing ............................................................................................................................................. 29

Figure D.1 — Fire test arrangement – pendant, upright, flush, recessed pendant, and

concealed sprinklers ................................................................................................................................... 30

Figure D.2 — Fire test arrangement – sidewall sprinklers, test arrangement No. 1 .......................... 31

Figure D.3 — Fire test arrangement – sidewall sprinklers, test arrangement No. 2 .......................... 32

D.2 Test arrangement ......................................................................................................................................... 33

D.2.1 Test room ......................................................................................................................................................... 33

Figure D.4 — Corner fire test ignition and fuel package ............................................................................... 34

Table D.1 — Plywood burning characteristics ................................................................................................. 35

D.2.2 Fire source ....................................................................................................................................................... 35

Table D.2 — Polyether foam burning characteristics .................................................................................... 36

D.2.3 Sprinkler installation .................................................................................................................................. 36

D.3 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 37

D.4 Supplementary test ...................................................................................................................................... 38

Annex E (normative) Function test ...................................................................................................................... 39

E.1 Function test ................................................................................................................................................... 39

E.2 Verification function test ........................................................................................................................... 39

Figure E.1 — Example of functional test oven .................................................................................................. 40

Annex F (normative) Strength of sprinkler body and deflector ............................................................... 41

F.1 Strength of sprinkler bod........................................................................................................................... 41

Figure F.1 — Example of a tensile/compression test machine .................................................................. 41

F.2 Flow endurance test .................................................................................................................................... 42

F.3 Deflector strength test ................................................................................................................................ 42

Annex G (normative) Strength of release elements test .............................................................................. 43

G.1 Glass bulbs ....................................................................................................................................................... 43

G.2 Fusible links .................................................................................................................................................... 45

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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)

Annex H (normative) Leak resistance tests ..................................................................................................... 46

H.1 Leak Test ......................................................................................................................................................... 46

H.2 Hydrostatic Strength Test ......................................................................................................................... 46

Table H.1 — Test pressures for the leakage and hydrostatic tests .......................................................... 46

Annex I (normative) Heat exposure ................................................................................................................... 47

I.1 High temperature test ................................................................................................................................ 47

Table I.1 — High temperature test conditions................................................................................................. 47

I.2 Additional testing of glass bulb sprinklers ......................................................................................... 47

I.3 Additional testing of residential sprinklers using o-rings ............................................................ 48

Annex J (normative) Glass bulb sprinkler thermal shock test .................................................................. 49

Annex K (normative) Exposure and corrosion tests..................................................................................... 50

K.1 Stress corrosion ............................................................................................................................................ 50

K.1.1 Sample preparation ..................................................................................................................................... 50

K.1.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 50

K.1.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 50

K.2 Sulphur dioxide corrosion ........................................................................................................................ 50

K.2.1 Reagents for apparatus of 5 l volume ................................................................................................... 50

K.2.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 51

K.2.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 51

Figure K.1 — Typical vessel for sulphur dioxide corrosion test ............................................................... 52

K.3 Salt mist corrosion ....................................................................................................................................... 52

K.3.1 Reagents .......................................................................................................................................................... 52

K.3.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 52

K.3.3 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 52

K.4 Moist Air .......................................................................................................................................................... 53

K.4.1 Performance criteria .................................................................................................................................. 53

K.4.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 53

Annex L (normative) Water hammer test ........................................................................................................ 54

Annex M (normative) Thermal response test ................................................................................................. 55

M.1 Oven heat test ................................................................................................................................................ 55

M.2 Room heat test ............................................................................................................................................... 56

M.2.1 Flush, recessed or concealed sprinklers .............................................................................................. 56

M.2.2 Sprinkler location and orientation ........................................................................................................ 56

M.2.3 Room dimensions and water supply ..................................................................................................... 57

M.2.4 Fire source and distance to sprinkler ................................................................................................... 57

Figure M.1 — Typical sand burner apparatus ................................................................................................. 58

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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)

Figure M.2 — Plan view of room heat test for residential sprinklers ...................................................... 59

Annex N (normative) Vibration test .................................................................................................................... 60

N.1 Sample preparation and performance criteria ................................................................................. 60

N.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 60

Table N.1 — Vibration test ....................................................................................................................................... 60

Annex O (normative) Impact test ......................................................................................................................... 61

Annex P (normative) Resistance to low temperature test .......................................................................... 62

Annex Q (normative) Resistance to high temperature test ........................................................................ 63

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 64

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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12259-14:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 191 “Fixed

firefighting systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2020, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by July 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

It is included in a series of European Standards planned to cover:
— automatic sprinkler systems (EN 12259 and EN 12845);
— gas extinguishing systems (EN 12094);
— powder systems (EN 12416);
— foam systems (EN 13565);
— hydrant and hose reel systems (EN 671);
— smoke and heat control systems (EN 12101).

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for the construction and performance of residential sprinklers as

well as test methods for their type approval, which are operated by a change of state of an element or

bursting of a glass bulb under the influence of heat, for use only in automatic sprinkler systems for

domestic and residential applications as defined in EN 16925.

This document does not cover representative fire and other tests for special sprinklers that are

intended to provide for specific fire hazards, nor does it cover fire and other tests for sprinklers for

commercial and industrial sprinkler systems as in EN 12845. Those test requirements are covered by

EN 12259-1.
NOTE 1 All pressure data in this document are given as gauge pressures in bar.

NOTE 2 Sprinklers according to EN 12259-1 can also be used in residential and domestic applications if the

system is designed according to EN 12845.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12259-1:1999+A1:2001, Fixed firefighting systems — Components for sprinkler and water spray

systems — Part 1: Sprinklers

EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements - Part 1: Classification

using data from reaction to fire tests

EN 16925, Fixed firefighting systems - Automatic residential sprinkler systems - Design, installation and

maintenance

ISO 7-1, Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 1: Dimensions,

tolerances and designation
ISO 49, Malleable cast iron fittings threaded to ISO 7-1
ISO 65, Carbon steel tubes suitable for screwing in accordance with ISO 7-1

ISO 5658-2:2006, Reaction to fire tests — Spread of flame — Part 2: Lateral spread on building and

transport products in vertical configuration

ISO 5660-1:2015, Reaction-to-fire tests — Heat release, smoke production and mass loss rate — Part 1:

Heat release rate (cone calorimeter method) and smoke production rate (dynamic measurement)

UL 723, Standard for test for surface burning characteristics of building materials

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)
3.1
concealed sprinkler

unit (pre-assembled or assembled on site) consisting of a nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing

device, a housing and a cover plate, that ensures that the sprinkler will be installed with all or part of

the thermally sensitive element behind the plane of the ceiling
3.2
recessed sprinkler

unit (pre-assembled or assembled on site) consisting of a nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing

device and a housing, that ensures that the sprinkler will be installed with all or part of the thermally

sensitive element above the plane of the ceiling
3.3
discharge coefficient
known as K-factor
coefficient of discharge in the formula,
Q = K √ p (1)
where
Q is the flow in litres per minute, and
p is the pressure in bar
3.4
dry-type sprinkler

nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device secured in an extension nipple that has a seal at the

inlet end to prevent water from entering the nipple until the sprinkler operates
3.5
flush sprinkler

unit consisting of a nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device and housing, that ensures that the

sprinkler will be installed partly behind, but with the temperature sensitive element before, the finished

plane of the ceiling or wall
3.6
heat responsive element

portion of a sprinkler that breaks, melts, or otherwise functions to initiate the automatic operation of

the sprinkler when exposed to sufficient heat
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SIST EN 12259-14:2020
EN 12259-14:2020 (E)
3.7
heptane
commercial grade heptane having the following characteristics:
a) minimum Initial Boiling Point of 88 °C;
b) maximum Dry Point of 100 °C; and
c) specific Gravity (15,6 °C/15,6 °C) of 0,68 - 0,73.
3.8
orifice

opening that controls the amount of water discharged from a sprinkler at a given pressure

3.9
pendent sprinkler

nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device intended to be installed so that its deflector is located

below the orifice and the water flows downward through the orifice
3.10
residential sprinkler

nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device intended to be installed only in residential occupancies

as defined in EN 16925
3.11
sidewall sprinkler

nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device intended for installation on or near the wall

3.12
upright sprinkler

nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device intended to be installed so that its deflector is located

above the orifice
3.13
response time index
RTI
½ ½

measure of the thermal sensitivity of the sprinkler expressed in (meters.seconds) (m×s)

Note 1 to entry: Unlike in EN12259–1, the RTI value is calculated without considering the conductivity factor

3.14
design lower tolerance limit
DLTL
glass bulb supplier’s specified and assured lowest lower tolerance limit
3.15
design uppe
...

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