Cranes - Safety - Non-fixed load lifting attachments

This European Standard specifies safety requirements for the following non-fixed load lifting attachments for cranes, hoists and manually controlled load manipulating devices:
-   plate clamps;
-   vacuum lifters;
-   self priming,
-   non-self priming (pump, venturi, turbine);
-   electric lifting magnets (battery fed and mains-fed);
-   permanent lifting magnets;
-   electro-permanent lifting magnets;
-   lifting beams;
-   C-hooks;
-   lifting forks;
-   clamps;
defined in clause 3.
This standard does not specify the additional requirements for:
-   non fixed load lifting attachments in direct contact with foodstuffs or pharmaceuticals requiring a high level of cleanliness for hygiene reasons;
-   hazards resulting from handling specific hazardous materials (e.g. explosives, hot molten masses, radiating materials);
-   hazards caused by operation in an explosive atmosphere;
-   hazards caused by noise;
-   electrical hazards;
-   hazards due to hydraulic and pneumatic components.
This standard does not cover the hazards related to mechanical strength of structural elements of attachments designed for more than 20 000 lifting cycles.
NOTE   The coefficient of utilization specified in clause 5.1.1 ensures that no fatigue verification is needed for less than 20 000 cycles. This is in accordance with the well accepted calculation codes e.g. FEM 1001.
This standard does not cover attachments intended to lift above people.
This standard does not cover slings, ladles, expanding mandrels, buckets, grabs, or grab buckets.
The hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in clause 4.
This European Standard does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons.
This European Standard is applicable to non-fixed load lifting attachments which are manufactured after the date of approval by CEN of this standard.

Krane - Sicherheit - Lose Lastaufnahmemittel

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Equipements amovibles de prise de charge

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les prescriptions de sécurité pour les équipements amovibles de prise de
charge suivants destinés aux appareils de levage à charge suspendue, aux palans et aux manipulateurs de charge
à contrôle manuel :
- pinces à tôle ;
- systèmes de préhension par le vide ;
- qui ne sont pas à auto-amorçage (pompe, venturi, centrale aspirante) ;
- à auto-amorçage ;
- électro-aimants de levage (alimentés par batterie et par le réseau) ;
- aimants de levage permanents ;
- aimants de levage électro-permanents ;
- palonniers ;
- cés de levage ;
- fourches de levage ;
- pinces ;
définis dans l’Article 3.
La présente norme ne spécifie pas les prescriptions supplémentaires pour :
- les équipements en contact direct avec des produits alimentaires ou pharmaceutiques nécessitant un degré élevé
de propreté pour des raisons d’hygiène ;
- les phénomènes dangereux résultant de la manutention de produits dangereux spécifiques (par exemple,
explosifs, masses fondues chaudes, produits radioactifs) ;
- les phénomènes dangereux causés par le fonctionnement en atmosphère explosible ;
- les phénomènes dangereux causés par le bruit ;
- les phénomènes dangereux électriques ;
- les phénomènes dangereux causés par les composants hydrauliques et pneumatiques.
Cette norme ne traite pas des phénomènes dangereux relatifs à la résistance mécanique des éléments de structure
des équipements conçus pour plus de 20 000 cycles de levage.
NOTE Les coefficients de sécurité spécifiés en 5.1.1 permettent de ne pas réaliser de vérification à la fatigue lorsque le
nombre de cycles est inférieur à 20 000. Ceci est conforme aux codes de calcul reconnus, par exemple FEM 1001.
La présente norme ne traite pas des équipements prévus pour le levage au-dessus des personnes.
La présente norme ne traite pas des élingues, des poches de coulées, des mandrins expansifs, des bennes et des
bennes preneuses.

Dvigala (žerjavi) - Varnost - Snemljiva dvigalna sredstva

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
24-Mar-2009
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
16-Dec-2020

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Dvigala (žerjavi) - Varnost - Snemljiva dvigalna sredstvaKrane - Sicherheit - Lose LastaufnahmemittelAppareils de levage à charge suspendue - Equipements amovibles de prise de chargeCranes - Safety - Non-fixed load lifting attachments53.020.30Pribor za dvigalno opremoAccessories for lifting equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13155:2003+A2:2009SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009en,fr01-maj-2009SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13155:2003+A2
March 2009 ICS 53.020.30 Supersedes EN 13155:2003English Version
Cranes - Safety - Non-fixed load lifting attachments
Appareils de levage à charge suspendue -
Sécurité –Equipements amovibles de prise de charge

Krane - Sicherheit - Lose Lastaufnahmemittel This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 November 2001 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 24 June 2005 and Amendment 2 approved by CEN on 17 February 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13155:2003+A2:2009: ESIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................4 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................5 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................7 4 List of significant hazards ................................................................................................................. 12 5 Safety requirements and/or measures ............................................................................................. 19 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures .............................................................. 26 7 Information for use ............................................................................................................................. 31 Annex A

(normative) General verification methods .................................................................................... 37 Annex B (normative) Verification methods for plate clamps ...................................................................... 42 Annex C (normative) Verification methods for vacuum lifters.................................................................... 46 Annex D (normative) Verification methods for lifting magnets .................................................................. 53 Annex E (normative) Verification methods for lifting beams ...................................................................... 58 Annex F (normative) Verification methods for lifting forks ......................................................................... 60 Annex G (normative) Verification methods for clamps ............................................................................... 61 Annex H (informative) Selection of a suitable set of crane standards for a given application ............... 65 Annex ZA (informative)

####Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC amended by Directive 98/79/EC$$$$ ............................... 67 Annex ZB(informative)

####Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC$$$$ .................................................................................. 68 Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 69

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13155:2003+A2:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 147 “Cranes - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This document shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2009. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2005-06-24 and Amendment 2, approved by CEN on 2009-02-17. This document supersedes EN 13155:2003. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags

!" and # $. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EC Directive(s). #For relationship with EC Directive(s), see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this document.$ For the relationship with other European standards for cranes, see informative Annex H. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 4 Introduction This European Standard has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means for non-fixed load lifting attachments used on cranes to conform with the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive, as amended.

This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN 1070. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards are covered are indicated in the scope of this standard.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for non-fixed load lifting attachments which have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard. 1 Scope This European Standard specifies safety requirements for the following non-fixed load lifting attachments for cranes, hoists and manually controlled load manipulating devices:

 plate clamps;  vacuum lifters;  self priming,  non-self priming (pump, venturi, turbine);  electric lifting magnets (battery fed and mains-fed);  permanent lifting magnets;  electro-permanent lifting magnets;  lifting beams;  C-hooks;  lifting forks;  clamps; defined in clause 3.

This standard does not specify the additional requirements for:

 non fixed load lifting attachments in direct contact with foodstuffs or pharmaceuticals requiring a high level of cleanliness for hygiene reasons;  hazards resulting from handling specific hazardous materials (e.g. explosives, hot molten masses, radiating materials); SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 5  hazards caused by operation in an explosive atmosphere;  hazards caused by noise;  electrical hazards;  hazards due to hydraulic and pneumatic components.

This standard does not cover the hazards related to mechanical strength of structural elements of attachments designed for more than 20 000 lifting cycles.

NOTE The coefficient of utilization specified in clause 5.1.1 ensures that no fatigue verification is needed for less than 20 000 cycles. This is in accordance with the well accepted calculation codes e.g. FEM 1001. This standard does not cover attachments intended to lift above people. This standard does not cover slings, ladles, expanding mandrels, buckets, grabs, or grab buckets. The hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in clause 4. This European Standard does not cover hazards related to the lifting of persons. This European Standard is applicable to non-fixed load lifting attachments which are manufactured after the date of approval by CEN of this standard.

2 Normative references !The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this European Standard. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies." #deleted text$

EN 287-1, Approval testing of welders for fusion welding — Part 1: Steels

EN 349:1993, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

EN 457, Safety of machinery — Auditory danger signals — General requirements, design and testing

EN 818-4, Short link chain for lifting purposes — Safety — Part 4: Chain slings — Grade 8

EN 818-5, Short link chain for lifting purposes — Safety — Part 5: Chain slings —Grade 4

EN 842, Safety of machinery — Visual danger signals — General requirements, design and testing

EN 981, Safety of machinery - System of auditory and visual danger and information signals

EN 1070: 1998, Safety of machinery — Terminology

EN 1492-1, Textile slings — Safety — Part 1: Flat woven webbing slings, made of man-made fibres, for general purpose use

EN 1492-2, Textile slings — Safety — Part 2: Roundslings, made of man-made fibres, for general purpose use

ENV 1993-1-1: 1992, Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 6

EN 10025, Hot-rolled products of non alloy structural steels — Technical delivery conditions

EN 10045-1, Metallic materials — Charpy impact test — Part 1: Test method

prEN 13414-1, Steel wire rope slings — Safety — Part 1: Slings for general lifting service

prEN 13557:2003, Cranes — Controls and control stations

EN 25817, Arc-welded joints in steel — Guidance on quality levels for imperfections (ISO 5817:1992)

#EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery – Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)$

#EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery – Basic concepts, general principles for design – Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003)$ SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 1070:1998 and the following terms and definitions apply:

3.1 adhesion force force required to remove the load from a vacuum lifter

3.2 building area area where buildings, bridges, roads etc are being erected or renovated or demolished NOTE In these areas the environment is permanently changing. Any risks are higher than in plants or warehouses. 3.3 C-hook equipment in the form of a ‘C’ used for lifting hollow loads e.g. coils, pipes

Figure 1 — Example of a C-hook

3.4 coefficient of utilisation arithmetic ratio between the maximum load held by the lifting attachment and its working load limit

3.5 clamp equipment used to handle loads by clamping on a specific part of the load.

NOTE Clamps are also known as tongs. For definition of plate clamps see 3.12.
SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 8
Figure 2 — Example of a clamp
3.6 individual verification verification carried out on every item produced

3.7 lifting beam equipment consisting of one or more members equipped with attachment points to facilitate the handling of loads which require support at several points

Figure 3 — Example of a lifting beam

3.8 lifting forks equipment consisting of two or more arms fixed to an upright with an upper arm, essentially to lift palletised or similar loads

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 9
Figure 4 — Example of lifting forks
3.9 lifting magnet
Figure 5 — Example of a lifting magnet

3.9.1 electric lifting magnet equipment with a magnetic field generated by an electric current creating sufficient force for gripping, holding and handling loads with ferro-magnetic properties.

3.9.2 permanent lifting magnet equipment with a permanent magnetic field which creates sufficient force for gripping, holding and handling loads with ferro-magnetic properties. The magnetic field is controlled by mechanical means

3.9.3 electro-permanent lifting magnet equipment with a permanent magnetic field which creates sufficient force for gripping, holding and handling loads with ferro-magnetic properties. The magnetic field is controlled by an electric current which is not required to sustain the magnetic field

NOTE Electro-permanent lifting magnets can be energized by the mains or by battery or stand-alone generator. SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 10 3.10 No-go area area from which persons are excluded during normal operation

3.11 non-fixed load lifting attachment lifting attachment which can be fitted directly or indirectly to the hook or any other coupling device of a crane, hoist or manually controlled manipulating device by the user without affecting the integrity of the crane, hoist or manually controlled manipulating device

3.12 plate clamps non powered equipment used to handle steel plates by clamping them between jaws.

Figure 6 — Example of plate clamps

3.13 positive holding device device making a direct mechanical connection to the load and which does not rely solely on friction, suction or magnetic adhesion to the load

3.14 secondary positive holding device device to hold loads if the primary holding means fails and which does not rely on friction, suction or magnetic adhesion to the load

3.15 tear-off force force applied at a right angle to the plane of the magnet poles which is required to detach the load from the switched-on magnet 3.16 two-action control control which, in order to be operative, requires the performance of two separate actions with one or two hands, such as:

a) operation of two separate hold-to-run controls; b) sequential operation of two movements of a control device; c) previous unlocking of the control with self-locking in the neutral position. SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 11 3.17 type verification verification carried out on one or more samples representative of a particular design and size of

product before it is first placed on the market

NOTE Although the term "type verification" is normally associated with series produced equipment, for the purpose of this standard it also applies to single unit produced attachment.

3.18 vacuum lifter (suction pad) equipment which includes one or several suction pads operating by vacuum

3.18.1 self priming vacuum lifter vacuum lifter using the load to create the vacuum

Figure 7 — Example of a self priming vacuum lifter

3.18.2 non self priming vacuum lifter vacuum lifter using an external source of energy

Figure 8 — Example of a non self priming vacuum lifter

3.19 working load limit maximum load that the non-fixed load lifting attachment is designed to lift under the conditions specified by the manufacturer

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 12
4 List of significant hazards

Tables 1 to 7 show a list of significant hazardous situations and hazardous events that could result in risks to persons during normal use and foreseeable misuse. They also contain the relevant clauses in this standard that are necessary to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with those hazards.

NOTE The numbers in the left hand columns correspond to those in annex A of EN 1050: 1996 ‘Safety of machinery — Principles for risk assessment’.

Table 1 — Plate clamps - List of significant hazards and associated requirements
Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:
1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2,

Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3 8.6 Human errors 5.2.1.2 15 Errors of fitting 5.2.1.4, 5.2.1.6 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by:

27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.5 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of loads 5.2.1.1, 5.2.1.2, 5.2.1.3, 5.2.1.4,

27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.2.1.4, 5.2.1.5, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1 Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4, 5.2.1.6 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 5.2.1.5, 5.2.1.6, 7.1 to 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 13

Table 2 — Vacuum lifters - List of significant hazards and associated requirements

Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:
1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2,

Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1 h) The effect of vacuum 5.2.2 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3 8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm anatomy 5.1.2 8.6 Human errors 5.2.2.1 to 5.2.2.10 8.7 Inadequate design of manual controls 5.1.2 10 Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/overspeed 5.1.6 13 Failure of the power supply 5.2.2.5, 5.2.2.6, 5.2.2.7 14 Failure of the control circuit 7.1.1, 7.1.2 15 Errors of fitting 7.1.1, 7.1.2 17 Falling objects 5.2.2.1, 5.2.2.2, 5.2.2.3,, 5.2.2.4 18 Loss of stability of machinery 5.1.5 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by:

27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.1.2 27.1.2 Uncontrolled loading - overloading - overturning moments exceeded 5.1.1.1, 7.1.1 27.1.3 Uncontrolled amplitude of movements 5.2.2.10 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of

loads 5.2.2.1, 5.2.2.2, 5.2.2.3, 5.2.2.4, 5.2.2.5, 5.2.2.6, 5.2.2.9, 5.2.2.10, 7.2.3 27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.2.2.1, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1

Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 5.2.5, 5.2.6, 7.1, 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009
EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 14

Table 3 — Lifting magnets - List of significant hazards and associated requirements

Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:
1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2,

Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3 8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm anatomy 5.1.2 8.6 Human errors 5.2.2.1 to 5.2.2.10 8.7 Inadequate design of manual controls 5.1.2 13 Failure of the power supply 5.2.3.3, 5.2.3.4.2, 5.2.3.4.3, 5.2.2.7 14 Failure of the control circuit 7.1.1, 7.1.2 15 Errors of fitting 7.1.1, 7.1.2 17 Falling objects 5.2.3.3, 5.2.3.4, 5.2.3.5, 5.2.3.6 18 Loss of stability/overturning of machinery 5.1.5 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by:

27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.1.2 27.1.2 Uncontrolled loading - overloading - overturning moments exceeded 5.1.1.1, 7.1.1 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of

loads 5.2.3.1, 5.2.3.3, 5.2.3.4, 5.2.3.5, 5.2.3.6, 7.2.3 27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.2.3.2, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1 Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 5.2.5, 5.2.6, 7.1, 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 15 Table 4 — C-Hooks - List of significant hazards and associated requirements

Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:
1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2,

Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3, 5.2.4.1 8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm anatomy 5.1.2 8.7 Inadequate design of manual controls 5.1.2 17 Falling objects 5.2.4.2 18 Loss of stability/overturning of machinery 5.1.5 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by:

27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.1.2 27.1.2 Uncontrolled loading - overloading - overturning moments exceeded 5.1.1.1, 7.1.1 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of

loads 5.2.4.2

27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.2.4.1, 7.1.1, 7.1.2, 7.2.3 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1 Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 7.1, 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 16 Table 5 — Lifting forks - List of significant hazards and associated requirements

Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:

1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2, 5.2.5.6 Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.9 High pressure fluid ejection 5.1.7 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3, 5.2.5.1 8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm anatomy 5.1.2 8.7 Inadequate design of manual controls 5.1.2 17 Falling objects 5.2.5.2, 5.2.5.3, 5.2.5.4, 5.2.5.5,7.1.1, 7.2.3 18 Loss of stability/overturning of machinery 5.1.5 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by:

27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.1.2 27.1.2 Uncontrolled loading - overloading - overturning moments exceeded 5.1.1.1, 7.1.1 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of

loads 5.2.5.2, 5.2.5.3, 5.2.5.4, 5.2.5.5

27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.2.5.2, 5.2.5.3, 5.2.5.4, 5.2.5.5, 7.1.1, 7.1.2, 7.2.3 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1, 5.2.5.6 Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 5.2.5.3, 5.2.5.4, 5.2.5.5, 7.1, 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 17 Table 6 — Lifting beams - List of significant hazards and associated requirements

Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:

1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2, 5.2.6.3.1 Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 5.2.6.1.3, 5.2.6.2, 5.2.6.3.4, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 5.2.6.1.3, 5.2.6.2, 5.2.6.3.4, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.3 Entanglement hazards 5.2.6.3.4, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3 8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm anatomy 5.1.2 8.7 Inadequate design of manual controls 5.1.2 10 Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/overspeed 5.2.6.3.3 17 Falling objects 5.2.6.2, 5.2.6.3.2 18 Loss of stability/overturning of machinery 5.1.5 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by: 5.1.1.2, 5.2.6.1.3, 5.2.6.3.3 27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.1.1, 7.1.1 27.1.2 Uncontrolled loading - overloading - overturning moments exceeded 7.1, 7.2 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of

loads 5.2.6, 7.2.3 27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.1.4, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1 Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 5.2.5, 5.2.6, 7.1, 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 18 Table 7 — Clamps - List of significant hazards and associated requirements

Hazard Relevant clause(s) in this standard 1 Mechanical hazards
Generated by machine parts or workpieces caused, for example, by:

1 e) Inadequacy of mechanical strength 5.1.1.1, 5.1.1.2, 5.2.7.6 Fatigue is not dealt with 1 c) Stability 5.1.5, 7.1.1 1.1 Crushing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 1.2 Shearing hazard 5.1.3, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 8 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles

8.1 Unhealthy postures 5.1.3 8.2 Inadequate consideration of hand-arm anatomy 5.1.2 8.6 Human errors 5.2.7.4, 5.2.7.5, 5.2.7.7 8.7 Inadequate design of manual controls 5.1.2, 5.2.7.4 15 Errors of fitting 5.2.7.2, 7.1.1, 7.1.2 17 Falling objects 5.2.7, 7.1.1, 7.2.3 18 Loss of stability of machinery 5.1.5 27 Mechanical hazards and hazardous events

27.1 From load falls, collisions, machine tipping caused by:

27.1.1 Lack of stability 5.1.1.2 27.1.2 Uncontrolled loading - overloading - overturning moments exceeded 5.1.1.1, 7.1.1, 7.2.1 27.1.4 Unexpected/unintended movement of

loads 5.2.7.1, 5.2.7.2, 5.2.7.3, 5.2.7.4, 7.2.3 27.1.5 Inadequate holding devices/accessories 5.2.7.2, 5.2.7.3, 5.2.7.5, 5.2.7.7, 7.1.1, 7.1.2, 7.2.3 27.4 From insufficient mechanical strength of parts 5.1.1.1, 5.2.7.6 Fatigue is not dealt with 27.6 From inadequate selection/integration into the machine of chains, ropes, lifting accessories 5.1.4 27.8 From abnormal conditions of assembly/testing/use maintenance 5.2.7.5, 7.1, 7.2

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 19 5 Safety requirements and/or measures 5.1 General requirements The attachment shall comply with the safety requirements and/or measures of this clause. In addition, the attachment shall be designed according to the principles of #EN ISO 12100$ for hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with by this standard.

5.1.1 Mechanical load bearing parts 5.1.1.1 The mechanical load bearing parts shall have a mechanical strength to fulfil the following requirements:

1) the attachment

shall be designed to withstand a static load of three times the working load limit without releasing the load even if permanent deformation occurs; 2) the attachment shall be designed to withstand a static load of two times the working load limit without permanent deformation.

5.1.1.2 Attachments intended to tilt shall be designed for an angle exceeding minimum 6° the maximum working angle. Attachments not intended to tilt shall be designed for an angle of minimum 6°.

5.1.2 Controls The controls of the attachment shall be in accordance with the following clauses of prEN 13557:2003 where applicable:

5.1.1, 5.1.10, 5.2.3.1.1, 5.2.3.1.2, 5.2.3.1.3, 5.2.3.2.1, 5.2.3.2.2, 5.2.3.2.3, 5.2.3.2.4, 5.2.3.2.5, 5.2.3.2.6

5.1.3 Handles An attachment that is intended to be guided manually shall be equipped with handle(s), arranged so that finger injuries are avoided. Handles are not required if features have been built in to provide natural handholds.

5.1.4 Requirements for slings which are integrated Slings which are an integrated part of the attachment shall be in accordance with the appropriate following standards:  EN 818-4;  EN 818-5;  prEN 13414-1;  EN 1492-1;  EN 1492-2.

SIST EN 13155:2004+A2:2009

EN 13155:2003+A2:2009 (E) 20 5.1.5 Stability during storage When not required for use it shall be possible to set down the attachment so that it is stable during storage. To be regarded as stable it shall not tip over when tilted to an angle of 10° in any direction. This shall be achieved either by the shape of the attachment or by means of additional equipment such as a stand. 5.2 Specific requirements for each category of attachment 5.2.1 Plate clamps

5.2.1.1 Under the conditions specified by the manufacturer, it shall not be possible to unintentionally release the load, in particular by the following influences:

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