Cranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General - purpose offshore cranes

This European Standard specifies the requirements for general-purpose offshore cranes including their supporting pedestals or structures.
This standard applies to cranes manufactured after the date of issue of this standard.
This European Standard does not cover:
a) Fabrication, assembly, dismantling or changing the configuration of the crane;
b) Lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the hook and the load;
c) Sub-sea lifting operations;
d) Design temperature below -20 °C;
e) Operations at an ambient temperature above 40 °C;
f) Lifting operations involving more than one crane;
g) Transportation of the crane;
h) Loads due to earthquake;
i) Cranes on seagoing vessels, excluded from the scope of the Machinery Directive.
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in clause 4.
This standard includes requirements for the lifting of personnel.
Where National Authorities permit the use of a general-purpose offshore crane for the lifting of personnel, the crane would at least need to fulfil the requirements of this standard.

Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung

Diese Europäische Norm spezifiziert die Anforderungen an Offshore-Krane für allgemeine Verwendung einschließlich ihrer Tragsäulen und Fundamente.
Diese Norm ist auf Krane anzuwenden, die nach dem Datum der Herausgabe dieser Norm hergestellt werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
a)   Herstellung, Montage, Demontage oder Änderung des Kranrüstzustands;
b)   Lastaufnahmemittel, d. h. alle Teile zwischen dem Haken und der Last ;
c)   Unterwasser-Hebearbeiten;
d)   Entwurfstemperaturen unter - 20 °C;
e)   Arbeiten bei Umgebungstemperaturen über 40 °C;
f)   Hebearbeiten mit mehr als einem Kran;
g)   Transport der Krane;
h)   Beanspruchungen durch Erdbeben;
i)   Krane auf Seeschiffen, die nicht den Bestimmungen der Maschinenrichtlinie unterliegen.
Die durch diese Europäische Norm erfassten wesentlichen Gefährdungen sind in Abschnitt 4 aufgeführt.
Diese Norm schließt Bestimmungen für den Transport von Personal ein.
Wenn nationale Behörden den Einsatz eines Offshore-Kranes für allgemeine Verwendung für den Transport von Personal erlauben, muss der Kran mindestens die Anforderungen dieser Norm erfüllen.

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Grues offshore - Partie 1 : Grues offshore pour usage général

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences relatives aux grues offshore d'usage général y compris leurs socles et structures.
Cette norme s'applique aux appareils de levage à charge suspendue construits après sa date de publication.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas :
a)   la fabrication, le montage, le démontage ou la modification de configuration de l'appareil de levage à charge suspendue ;
b)   les accessoires de levage, c'est à dire tout élément entre le crochet et la charge ;
c)   les opérations de levage en milieu sous-marin ;
d)   les températures de calcul inférieure à - 20 °C ;
e)   les opérations effectuées température ambiante supérieure à 40 °C ;
f)   les opérations impliquant plus d'une grue ;
g)   le transport de la grue ;
h)   les charges dues au séisme ;
i)   les grues sur navires en mer, exclues du domaine de la Directive machine.
Les phénomènes dangereux significatifs couverts dans la présente Norme européenne sont identifiés à l'Article 4.
La présente Norme européenne comprend les prescriptions relatives au levage des personnes.
Lorsque les autorités nationales autorisent l'utilisation de grues offshore d'usage général pour le levage des personnes, il convient que la grue satisfasse au moins les exigences de la présente norme.

Dvigala - Dvigala na plavajočih objektih - 1. del: Dvigala na plavajočih objektih za splošne namene

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
25-May-2004
Withdrawal Date
24-Sep-2013
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
25-Sep-2013
Completion Date
25-Sep-2013

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Krane - Offshore-Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane für allgemeine VerwendungAppareils de levage a charge suspendue - Grues offshore - Partie 1 : Grues offshore pour usage généralCranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General - purpose offshore cranes53.020.20DvigalaCranes47.020.40Dvigalna oprema in oprema za pretovorLifting and cargo handling equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13852-1:2004SIST EN 13852-1:2004en01-september-2004SIST EN 13852-1:2004SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13852-1May 2004ICS 47.020.01; 53.020.20English versionCranes - Offshore cranes - Part 1: General - purpose offshorecranesAppareils de levage - Appareils de levage offshore - Partie1: Appareils de levage offshore pour usage généralKrane - Offshore Krane - Teil 1: Offshore-Krane fürallgemeine VerwendungThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 March 2004.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2004 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13852-1:2004: ESIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................5 1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................7 2 Normative references............................................................................................................................7 3 Terms and definitions.........................................................................................................................11 4 List of significant hazards..................................................................................................................15 5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures............................................................................17 5.1 General..................................................................................................................................................17 5.2 Structure and mechanisms.................................................................................................................17 5.2.1 General principles and requirements................................................................................................17 5.2.2 In service loads....................................................................................................................................17 5.2.3 Out of service loads............................................................................................................................18 5.2.4 Failure mode analysis.........................................................................................................................18 5.2.5 Load combinations..............................................................................................................................18 5.3 Equipment and components..............................................................................................................18 5.3.1 Electrotechnical equipment................................................................................................................18 5.3.2 Non-electrotechnical equipment........................................................................................................18 5.3.3 Power requirements............................................................................................................................18 5.3.4 Slewing drives......................................................................................................................................19 5.3.5 Slewing bearings.................................................................................................................................19 5.3.6 Slewing bearing fasteners..................................................................................................................19 5.3.7 Winches and brakes............................................................................................................................19 5.3.8 Wire rope termination..........................................................................................................................19 5.3.9 Wire rope anchorage...........................................................................................................................20 5.3.10 Wire ropes............................................................................................................................................20 5.3.11 Hydraulic cylinders..............................................................................................................................20 5.3.12 Motion compensators.........................................................................................................................20 5.3.13 Shock absorbers..................................................................................................................................21 5.4 Drive systems.......................................................................................................................................21 5.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................21 5.4.2 Pneumatic systems.............................................................................................................................21 5.4.3 Hydraulic systems...............................................................................................................................21 5.4.4 Electrical systems................................................................................................................................21 5.4.5 Heave compensation/rope tensioning systems...............................................................................21 5.5 Health and Safety.................................................................................................................................22 5.5.1 Control stations - General...................................................................................................................22 5.5.2 Control cabin........................................................................................................................................22 5.5.3 Communications..................................................................................................................................23 5.5.4 Noise reduction....................................................................................................................................23 5.5.5 Access..................................................................................................................................................24 5.5.6 Guards..................................................................................................................................................24 5.6 Controls, indicators and limiting devices.........................................................................................24 5.6.1 Controls................................................................................................................................................24 5.6.2 Indicators..............................................................................................................................................25 5.6.3 Limiting devices...................................................................................................................................26 5.7 Protection systems..............................................................................................................................27 5.7.1 Overload and over-moment protection.............................................................................................27 5.8 Lifting of personnel.............................................................................................................................30 5.8.1 General..................................................................................................................................................30 5.8.2 Rated capacity......................................................................................................................................31 SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 3 5.8.3 Secondary brake..................................................................................................................................31 5.8.4 Cylinders..............................................................................................................................................31 5.8.5 Mode selection for personnel lifting..................................................................................................31 5.8.6 Personnel rescue.................................................................................................................................31 6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures............................................32 6.1 General.................................................................................................................................................32 6.2 Testing..................................................................................................................................................34 6.2.1 General.................................................................................................................................................34 6.2.2 Function test........................................................................................................................................35 6.2.3 Static test..............................................................................................................................................35 6.2.4 Installation test....................................................................................................................................35 6.2.5 Test acceptance criteria......................................................................................................................36 6.2.6 Test load...............................................................................................................................................36 7 Information for use..............................................................................................................................37 7.1 Documentation....................................................................................................................................37 7.2 Operation..............................................................................................................................................37 7.2.1 General.................................................................................................................................................37 7.2.2 Checks before starting operation......................................................................................................37 7.2.3 Checks during operation....................................................................................................................38 7.2.4 Crane out of service............................................................................................................................38 7.2.5 Lifting of personnel (if part of the intended use).............................................................................39 7.3 Maintenance.........................................................................................................................................39 7.4 Inspections...........................................................................................................................................40 7.5 Marking.................................................................................................................................................40 7.5.1 Manufacturer’s plate...........................................................................................................................40 7.5.2 Rated capacity information................................................................................................................40 7.5.3 Components.........................................................................................................................................40 Annex A (informative)

Selection of a suitable set of crane standards for a given application.................41 Annex B (normative)

Determination of factors..............................................................................................42 B.1 Calculation of the dynamic coefficient ΦΦΦΦn by the simplified method.............................................42 B.2 Calculation of dynamic coefficient ΦΦΦΦn by motion response analysis............................................43 B.3 Out of plane influences.......................................................................................................................44 B.3.1 General.................................................................................................................................................44 B.3.2 Offlead load..........................................................................................................................................44 B.3.3 Sidelead load.......................................................................................................................................45 B.3.4 Horizontal load combination of the out-of-plane influences..........................................................45 B.4 Hook velocity.......................................................................................................................................46 B.4.1 Hoisting velocity..................................................................................................................................46 B.4.2 Horizontal hook velocity.....................................................................................................................46 B.5 Load combinations..............................................................................................................................46 Annex C (normative)

Environmental influences............................................................................................49 C.1 General.................................................................................................................................................49 C.2 Wind......................................................................................................................................................49 C.2.1 Mean wind velocities...........................................................................................................................49 C.2.2 Boom stalling.......................................................................................................................................49 C.3 Floating units.......................................................................................................................................50 C.4 Thermal effects....................................................................................................................................50 C.5 Ice..........................................................................................................................................................50 C.6 Stowage................................................................................................................................................51 C.7 Corrosion protection...........................................................................................................................51 Annex D (normative)

Failure mode analysis..................................................................................................52 D.1 General.................................................................................................................................................52 D.2 Failure mode charts............................................................................................................................52 Annex E (normative)

Material selection..........................................................................................................54 E.1 General.................................................................................................................................................54 SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 4 E.2 Verification of material quality...........................................................................................................54 E.3 Forged rings for slewing bearings.....................................................................................................54 E.4 Slewing bearing fasteners..................................................................................................................55 E.5 Welded structures................................................................................................................................56 E.6 Non-welded components....................................................................................................................56 Annex F (informative)

Control station instrumentation.................................................................................58 Annex G (normative)

Wire rope safety factors...............................................................................................59 G.1 General..................................................................................................................................................59 G.2 Static safety factors.............................................................................................................................59 G.2.1 Running rigging...................................................................................................................................59 G.2.2 Standing rigging..................................................................................................................................59 G.3 Dynamic safety factors.......................................................................................................................59 G.3.1 Running rigging...................................................................................................................................59 G.3.2 Standing rigging..................................................................................................................................60 Annex H (normative)

Slewing bearings..........................................................................................................61 Annex I (normative)

Requirements for brakes...............................................................................................62 Annex J (normative)

Ranking of safety systems...........................................................................................63 Annex K (normative)

Winches.........................................................................................................................64 Annex L (informative)

Typical general-purpose offshore cranes and terminology...................................65 Annex M (informative)

Excursion envelope for offlead and sidelead..........................................................70 Annex N (normative)

Noise test code.............................................................................................................71 N.1 Introduction..........................................................................................................................................71 N.2 Sound power level determination......................................................................................................71 N.2.1 Basic standard to be used..................................................................................................................71 N.2.2 Measurement and calculation procedure..........................................................................................71 N.3 Emission sound pressure level determination.................................................................................72 N.3.1 Basic standard to be used..................................................................................................................72 N.3.2 Crane operator and microphone positions.......................................................................................72 N.3.3 Specifications concerning the crane operating cabin.....................................................................72 N.3.4 Specification relating to wind speed.................................................................................................72 N.3.5 Measurement and calculation procedure..........................................................................................72 N.4 Operating conditions...........................................................................................................................73 N.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................73 N.4.2 Test procedure.....................................................................................................................................73 N.5 Information on measurement uncertainties......................................................................................75 N.6 Information to be recorded.................................................................................................................75 N.7 Information to be reported..................................................................................................................75 N.8 Declaration and verification of noise emission values....................................................................75 N.9 Noise measurement — Test report....................................................................................................76 Annex O (normative)

Equipment for use in a hazardous area.....................................................................80 O.1 General..................................................................................................................................................80 O.2 Avoidance or reduction of ignition sources.....................................................................................80 O.3 Electrotechnical equipment................................................................................................................80 O.4 Non-electrotechnical equipment........................................................................................................80 O.5 Electrostatic discharge.......................................................................................................................80 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Safety requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC, amended by Directive 98/79/EC......................................81

SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 5 Foreword This document (EN 13852-1:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 147 “Cranes - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2004, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2004. Annexes A, F, L and M are informative.

Annexes B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, N and O are normative. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 98/37. For relationship with EU Directive 98/37, see informative annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 6 Introduction This document is a type C standard as stated in EN 1070. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type B standard, the provisions of this C standard take precedence over the provisions of other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard. This document is a harmonized standard to provide one means for general-purpose offshore cranes to conform with the relevant Essential Health and Safety Requirements of the Machinery Directive, as amended. The standard is one in the series of standards of the CEN/CENELEC work program to produce standards for machine safety. It has been prepared to eliminate or reduce hazards when used in the development design and use of offshore cranes.

This standard is one part of EN 13852.
The other part is:

Part 2: Floating Cranes i.e. a crane mounted on a vessel or barge designed for its support and transport, primarily intended for construction/deconstruction operations in a marine environment (This is not a harmonized standard).

SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 7 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the requirements for general-purpose offshore cranes including their supporting pedestals or structures.

This standard applies to cranes manufactured after the date of issue of this standard. This European Standard does not cover: a) Fabrication, assembly, dismantling or changing the configuration of the crane; b) Lifting accessories, i.e. any item between the hook and the load;

c) Sub-sea lifting operations; d) Design temperature below –20 °C; e) Operations at an ambient temperature above 40 °C; f) Lifting operations involving more than one crane; g) Transportation of the crane; h) Loads due to earthquake; i) Cranes on seagoing vessels, excluded from the scope of the Machinery Directive. The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in clause 4. This standard includes requirements for the lifting of personnel.

Where National Authorities permit the use of a general-purpose offshore crane for the lifting of personnel, the crane would at least need to fulfil the requirements of this standard. 2 Normative references This European Standard incorporates, by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 418 Safety of machinery – Emergency stop equipment, functional aspects – Principles for design EN 457 Safety of machinery - Auditory danger signals - General requirements, design and testing (ISO 7731:1986, modified) EN 614-1 Safety of machinery – Ergonomic design principles – Part 1: Terminology and general principles SIST EN 13852-1:2004

EN 13852-1:2004 (E) 8 EN 842 Safety of machinery – Visual danger signals – General requirements, design and testing EN 894-3 Safety of machinery – Ergonomic requirements for the design of displays and control actuators – Part 3: Control actuators EN 954-1 Safety of machinery – Safety related parts of control systems – Part 1: General principles for design EN 982 Safety of machinery – Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components – Hydraulics EN 983 Safety of machinery – Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components –

Pneumatics EN 1005-3 Safety of machinery – Human ph
...

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