Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety devices for power operated doors and gates - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for sensitive protective equipment to be used with power operated industrial/commercial/garage doors, gates and barriers covered by EN 12453 and power operated pedestrian doors covered by EN 16005.
NOTE   "safety protective equipment" means a device:
-   which serves to fulfil a safety function,
-   which is independently placed on the market,
-   the failure and/or malfunction of which endangers the safety of persons, and
-   which is not necessary in order for the machinery to function, or for which normal components may be substituted in order for the machinery to function.
Whenever the term "door" is used in this document, it need to be deemed to cover the full scope of types and variances of doors, gates and barriers defined by the scope of EN 12453 and EN 16005.
This standard does not deal with sensitive protective equipment using ultrasonic, radar, capacitive, inductive or active infrared technologies.
This standard does not apply to inherent sensitive protective equipment.

Türen und Tore - Schutzeinrichtungen für kraftbetätigte Türen und Tore - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren an sensitive Schutzeinrichtungen fest, die mit kraftbetätigten Türen in Industrie/Gewerbe/Garagen nach EN 12453 und kraftbetätigten Türen nach EN 16005 verwendet werden.
ANMERKUNG   "Sicherheitsschutzeinrichtung" bezeichnet eine Einrichtung:
-   die zur Erfüllung einer Sicherheitsfunktion dient;
-   die unabhängig auf den Markt gebracht wird;
-   deren Ausfall und/oder Fehlfunktion die Sicherheit von Personen gefährdet, und
-   die nicht erforderlich ist, damit die Maschine funktioniert oder für die normale Bauteile ersetzt werden dürfen, damit die Maschine funktioniert.
Wenn der Begriff "Tür" in diesem Dokument verwendet wird, muss dieser den gesamten Umfang von Typen und Varianten von Türen, Toren und Schranken, die durch den Anwendungsbereich von EN 12435 und EN 16005 festgelegt sind, abdecken.
Diese Norm befasst sich nicht mit sensitiven Schutzeinrichtungen, die Ultraschall, Radar, kapazitive, induktive oder aktive Infrarottechniken verwenden.
Diese Norm gilt nicht für inhärente sensitive Schutzeinrichtungen.

Portes et portails industriels, commerciaux et résidentiels - Dispositifs de sécurité pour portes motorisées - Exigences et méthodes d’essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux équipements de protection sensibles destinés à être utilisés avec les portes, les portails et les barrières motorisés industriels, commerciaux et résidentiels couverts par l’EN 12453 et les portes motorisées pour piétons couvertes par l’EN 16005.
NOTE   Il convient de noter qu’un « équipement de protection et de sécurité » désigne un dispositif :
-   servant à remplir une fonction de sécurité ;
-   mis sur le marché séparément ;
-   dont la défaillance et/ou le dysfonctionnement met en danger la sécurité des personnes ; et
-   qui n’est pas nécessaire au fonctionnement des machines, ou qui peut être remplacé par des composants normaux afin que les machines fonctionnent.
Chaque fois que le terme « porte » est utilisé dans le présent document, il doit être pris dans un sens large couvrant tous les types et variantes de portes, portails et barrières définis dans le domaine d’application des normes EN 12453 et EN 16005.
La présente norme ne traite pas des équipements de protection sensibles mettant en oeuvre des technologies radar, capacitives, inductives, à ultrasons ou à infrarouge actif.
La présente norme ne s’applique pas aux équipements de protection sensibles intégrés.

Vrata v industrijske in javne prostore ter garažna vrata - Varnostne naprave za vrata s samodejnim delovanjem - Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
3097 - Decision to split/merge - Consensus building
Completion Date
18-Jun-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 12978:2017
01-december-2017
Vrata v industrijske in javne prostore ter garažna vrata - Varnostne naprave za
vrata s samodejnim delovanjem - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety devices for power operated

doors and gates - Requirements and test methods

Türen und Tore - Schutzeinrichtungen für kraftbetätigte Türen und Tore - Anforderungen

und Prüfverfahren

Portes et portails industriels, commerciaux et résidentiels - Dispositifs de sécurité pour

portes motorisées - Exigences et méthodes d’essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 12978
ICS:
91.060.50 Vrata in okna Doors and windows
91.090 Konstrukcije zunaj stavb External structures
oSIST prEN 12978:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 12978:2017
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oSIST prEN 12978:2017
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 12978
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2017
ICS 91.060.50 Will supersede EN 12978:2003+A1:2009
English Version
Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates - Safety
devices for power operated doors and gates -
Requirements and test methods

Portes et portails équipant les locaux industriels et Türen und Tore - Schutzeinrichtungen für

commerciaux et les garages - Dispositifs de sécurité kraftbetätigte Türen und Tore - Anforderungen und

pour portes motorisées - Prescriptions et méthodes Prüfverfahren
d'essai

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 33.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 12978:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 12978:2017
prEN 12978:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 List of hazards .................................................................................................................................................. 9

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

4.2 Hazards caused by fixing .............................................................................................................................. 9

4.3 Hazards caused by the shape ...................................................................................................................... 9

4.4 Hazards caused by source of energy ........................................................................................................ 9

4.5 Hazards generated by optical radiation ................................................................................................. 9

4.6 Hazards caused by out of range wavelength ......................................................................................... 9

4.7 Hazard caused by the loss of the safety function .............................................................................. 10

4.7.1 Loss of the sensing function because of temperature and humidity ......................................... 10

4.7.2 Loss of the sensing function because of vibration and bump....................................................... 10

4.7.3 Loss of the sensing function because of light interference ........................................................... 10

4.7.4 Loss of the sensing function because of environmental pollution ............................................. 10

4.8 Hazard caused by lack of detection capability .................................................................................. 10

4.9 Hazard caused by inadequate setting ................................................................................................... 10

4.10 Hazard caused by permanent deformation of PSPE sensing element ...................................... 10

4.11 Hazard caused by loss of safety integrity ............................................................................................ 10

4.12 Hazard caused by insufficient or illegible marking ......................................................................... 10

4.13 Hazard caused by electro magnetic disturbances ............................................................................ 10

4.13.1 Immunity ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.13.2 Emission .......................................................................................................................................................... 10

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 10

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2 Fixing ................................................................................................................................................................ 10

5.3 Shape................................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.4 Source of energy ........................................................................................................................................... 11

5.4.1 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 11

5.4.2 Hydraulic equipment .................................................................................................................................. 11

5.4.3 Pneumatic equipment ................................................................................................................................ 11

5.5 Optical radiation ........................................................................................................................................... 11

5.6 Wavelength ..................................................................................................................................................... 11

5.7 Safety function of the sensitive protective equipment ................................................................... 11

5.7.1 Temperature and humidity ...................................................................................................................... 11

5.7.2 Vibration and bump .................................................................................................................................... 12

5.7.3 Light Interference ........................................................................................................................................ 12

5.7.4 Environmental pollution (IP Code) ....................................................................................................... 12

5.8 Detection capability .................................................................................................................................... 12

5.8.1 PSPE .................................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.8.2 ESPE ................................................................................................................................................................... 13

5.9 Inadequate settings ..................................................................................................................................... 13

5.10 Deformation of PSPE sensing element ................................................................................................. 13

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5.11 Safety performance level ........................................................................................................................... 13

5.12 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 13

5.13 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 14

5.13.1 Immunity ......................................................................................................................................................... 14

5.13.2 Emission ........................................................................................................................................................... 14

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 14

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.2 Fixing ................................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.3 Shaping ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

6.4 Source of energy ............................................................................................................................................ 14

6.4.1 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 14

6.4.2 Hydraulic equipment .................................................................................................................................. 14

6.4.3 Pneumatic equipment ................................................................................................................................. 15

6.5 Optical radiation ........................................................................................................................................... 15

6.6 Wavelength ..................................................................................................................................................... 15

6.7 Safety function of the protective equipment ...................................................................................... 15

6.7.1 Temperature and humidity ...................................................................................................................... 15

6.7.2 Vibration and bump ..................................................................................................................................... 15

6.7.3 Verification of light interference ............................................................................................................ 16

6.7.4 Verification of losing sensing function because of environmental pollution (IP Code) ...... 16

6.8 Detection capability ..................................................................................................................................... 16

6.8.1 PSPE ................................................................................................................................................................... 16

6.8.2 ESPE ................................................................................................................................................................... 17

6.9 Verification of inadequate settings ........................................................................................................ 18

6.10 Verification of recovery of deformation of PSPE sensing element ............................................. 18

6.11 Verification of safety performance level .............................................................................................. 18

6.12 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 18

6.13 Electromagnetic compatibility ................................................................................................................ 18

6.13.1 Immunity ......................................................................................................................................................... 18

6.13.2 Emission ........................................................................................................................................................... 18

7 Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 18

Annex A (normative) Test pieces ......................................................................................................................... 20

Annex B (normative) Reflection test ................................................................................................................... 21

B.1 Testing of light curtains .............................................................................................................................. 21

B.2 Reflection testing of light barriers ......................................................................................................... 22

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ..................................................... 24

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 25

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European foreword

This document (prEN 12978:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 33 “Doors,

windows, shutters, building hardware and curtain walling”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 12978:2003+A1:2009.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive.

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.
Compared with EN 12978:2003+A1:2009, the following changes have been made:

a) revision according to the requirements of EN ISO 12100:2010 (safety of machines);

b) deletion of requirements which are covered by EN 12453 for the safe function of the combination of

safety device and industrial, commercial and garage doors, so that only basic requirements of safety

devices are covered by this document;

c) modification of the definition of test pieces and test procedures for light curtains and barriers.

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Introduction
This document is a type C document as stated in EN 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C document are different from those which are stated in type A or B

documents, the provisions of this type C document take precedence over the provisions of the other

documents, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

document.

This document has been prepared to meet the needs of manufacturers, users and safety enforcement

authorities, with the primary purpose of providing design and performance for safety in use of power

operated industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates used by vehicular and pedestrian traffic.

With the aim of clarifying the intention of this document and avoiding doubts when reading it, it was

assumed when producing it that clarification occurred between all involved parties (manufacturer,

professional installer, user etc.) concerning:
— components to be kept in good repair or working order;
— intended use, the users and place of use of the door;

— all parts of door installations, whether fixed or moving, including the fixing and assembling means,

to be in all respects of good construction, suitable material, adequate strength and free from

obvious defects for their intended working life;

— the design to be in accordance with European technical rules taking into account the most

unfavourable forces occurring during the operation and all failure modes.
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1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for sensitive protective equipment to

be used with power operated industrial/commercial/garage doors, gates and barriers covered by

EN 12453 and power operated pedestrian doors covered by EN 16005.
NOTE „safety protective equipment” means a device:
— which serves to fulfil a safety function,
— which is independently placed on the market,
— the failure and/or malfunction of which endangers the safety of persons, and

— which is not necessary in order for the machinery to function, or for which normal components may be

substituted in order for the machinery to function.

Whenever the term „door” is used in this document, it need to be deemed to cover the full scope of

types and variances of doors, gates and barriers defined by the scope of EN 12453 and EN 16005.

This standard does not deal with sensitive protective equipment using ultrasonic, radar, capacitive,

inductive or active infrared technologies.
This standard does not apply to inherent sensitive protective equipment.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 12433-1, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates — Terminology — Part 1: Types of doors

EN 12433-2, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates — Terminology — Part 2: Parts of doors

EN 12453, Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates — Safety in use of power operated doors —

Requirements

EN 60068-2-6, Environmental testing — Part 2-6: Tests — Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal) (IEC 60068-2-6)

EN 60068-2-14, Environmental testing — Part 2-14: Tests — Test N: Change of temperature (IEC 60068-

2-14)

EN 60068-2-27, Environmental testing — Part 2-27: Tests — Test Ea and guidance: Shock (IEC 60068-2-

27)

EN 60068-2-78, Environmental testing — Part 2-78: Tests — Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state (IEC

60068-2-78)

EN 60335-1, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements (IEC

60335-1)
EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529)

EN 60825-1:2014, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements (IEC

60825-1:2014)
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EN 61000-6-1, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-1: Generic standards — Immunity for

residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-1)

EN 61000-6-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for

industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-2)

EN 61000-6-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards — Emission standard

for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3)

EN 61000-6-4, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-4: Generic standards — Emission standard

for industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-4)

EN 61000-6-7, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-7: Generic standards — Immunity

requirements for equipment intended to perform functions in a safety-related system (functional safety) in

industrial locations (IEC 61000-6-7)

EN 61496-2:2013, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 2: Particular

requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) (IEC 61496-2:2013)

EN 61784 (all parts), Industrial communication networks — Profiles (IEC 61784, all parts)

EN 62471, Photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems (IEC 62471)

EN ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413)

EN ISO 4414, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414)

EN ISO 13849-1, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1)

EN ISO 13849-2, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 2: Validation (ISO

13849-2)

EN ISO 13856-1:2013, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 1: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors (ISO 13856-

1:2013)

EN ISO 13856-2:2013, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 2: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars (ISO 13856-

2:2013)

EN ISO 13856-3:2013, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 3: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices (ISO

13856-3:2013)

EN 60664-1:2007, Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems — Part 1: Principles,

requirements and tests (IEC 60664-1:2007)

CLC/TS 61496-3:2008, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 3:

Particular requirements for Active Opto-electronic Protective Devices responsive to Diffuse Reflection

(AOPDDR) (IEC 61496-3:2008)
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IEC TS 61496-4-2:2014, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 4-2:

Particular requirements for equipment using vision based protective devices (VBPD) — Additional

requirements when using reference pattern techniques (VBPDPP)

IEC TS 61496-4-3:2015, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 4-3:

Particular requirements for equipment using vision based protective devices (VBPD) — Additional

requirements when using stereo vision techniques (VBPDST)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 12433-1, EN 12433-2 and

EN 12453 and the following apply.
3.1
sensitive protective equipment
SPE
sensitive protective equipment is a stand-alone device including, as a minimum:
— a sensing function;
— a logic function;
— a monitoring function;
— one or more output signal switching device(s)
3.2
electro-sensitive protective equipment
ESPE

assembly of devices and/or components working together for presence sensing purposes and

comprising as a minimum
— a sensing device;
— controlling/monitoring devices;
— output signal switching devices and/or a safety-related data interface
[SOURCE: EN 61496-1:2013 modified]
3.3
active opto-electronic protective device
AOPD

device whose sensing function is performed by opto-electronic emitting and receiving elements

detecting the interruption of optical radiations generated, within the device, by an opaque object

present in the specified detection zone (or for a light beam device, on the axis of the light beam) and

comprising as a minimum
— a sensing device;
— controlling/monitoring devices;
— output signal switching devices and/or a safety-related data interface
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[SOURCE: EN 61496-2:2013 modified]
3.4
light barrier

AOPD comprising an integrated assembly of one or two emitting element(s) and one or two receiving

element(s) forming a detection zone with a specified detection capability
3.5
light curtain

AOPD comprising an integrated assembly of three or more emitting element(s) and three or more

receiving element(s) forming a detection zone with a specified detection capability

[SOURCE: EN 61496-2:2013 modified]
3.6
pressure-sensitive protective device
PSPE

sensitive protective equipment of the „mechanically activated trip” type intended to detect the touch of

a person or body part of a person and comprising as a minimum
— a sensing device;
— controlling/monitoring devices;
— output signal switching devices and/or a safety-related data interface
[SOURCE: EN ISO 13856-3:2013 modified]
4 List of hazards
4.1 General
Relevant hazards are listed in 4.2 to 4.13.
4.2 Hazards caused by fixing

Inadequate fixing of the protective equipment or parts of it can impair the protective function or cause

hazards because of falling objects.
4.3 Hazards caused by the shape
Shape of the protective equipment or parts of it can cause cutting hazards.
4.4 Hazards caused by source of energy

Source of energy for the powered operation of the protective equipment can lead to hazards. This

includes electrical, hydraulic and pneumatic source of energy.
4.5 Hazards generated by optical radiation

Photobiological hazards can arise from the radiation intensity of coherent light waves (e. g. laser

beams).
4.6 Hazards caused by out of range wavelength

Hazardous operation can arise from use of a wavelength outside the specified range

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4.7 Hazard caused by the loss of the safety function
4.7.1 Loss of the sensing function because of temperature and humidity

Temperature and humidity can impair the proper functioning of the protective equipment.

4.7.2 Loss of the sensing function because of vibration and bump

Vibration and bump can impair the proper functioning of the protective equipment.

4.7.3 Loss of the sensing function because of light interference
External light can impair the proper function of the protective equipment.
4.7.4 Loss of the sensing function because of environmental pollution

Environmental pollution (e. g. dust) can impair the proper function of the protective equipment.

4.8 Hazard caused by lack of detection capability
Lack of detection capability can lead to hazards.
4.9 Hazard caused by inadequate setting
Inadequate setting can lead to hazards.
4.10 Hazard caused by permanent deformation of PSPE sensing element
Permanent deformation of the sensing element of PSPE can lead to hazards.
4.11 Hazard caused by loss of safety integrity
Inappropriate safety performance level can lead to hazards.
4.12 Hazard caused by insufficient or illegible marking

Insufficient or illegible marking of the protective equipment can lead to hazards.

4.13 Hazard caused by electro magnetic disturbances
4.13.1 Immunity
Electro-magnetic disturbances can impair the sensing fu
...

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