Furniture - Children's cots and folding cots for domestic use - Part 2: Test methods

This European Standard specifies test methods for assessing the safety of children's cots and folding cots for domestic use.
It applies to children’s cots and folding cots with an internal length greater than 900 mm but not more than 1 400 mm.

Möbel - Kinderbetten und Reisekinderbetten für den Wohnbereich - Teil 2: Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Prüfverfahren zur Bewertung der Sicherheit von Kinderbetten und Reisekinderbetten für den Wohnbereich fest.
Sie gilt für Kinderbetten und Reisekinderbetten mit einer Innenlänge größer als 900 mm, jedoch nicht mehr als 1 400 mm.

Mobilier - Lits à nacelle fixes et pliants à usage domestique pour enfants - Partie 2: Méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme Européenne décrit les méthodes d’essai permettant d’évaluer la sécurité des lits à nacelle fixes et pliants à usage domestique pour enfants.
Elle s’applique aux lits à nacelle fixes et pliants d’une longueur intérieure supérieure à 900 mm et inférieure à 1 400 mm.

Pohištvo - Otroške postelje in zložljive posteljice za domačo uporabo - 2. del: Preskusne metode

Ta osnutek evropskega standarda določa preskusne metode za ocenjevanje varnosti otroških postelj in zložljivih posteljic za domačo uporabo.
Uporablja se za otroške postelje in zložljive posteljice, katerih notranja dolžina presega 900 mm, vendar ne več kot 1400 mm.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
06-Jun-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
07-Jun-2017
Completion Date
07-Jun-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 716-2:2017
01-november-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 716-2:2008+A1:2013
3RKLãWYR2WURãNHSRVWHOMHLQ]ORåOMLYHSRVWHOMLFH]DGRPDþRXSRUDERGHO
3UHVNXVQHPHWRGH

Furniture - Children's cots and folding cots for domestic use - Part 2: Test methods

Möbel - Kinderbetten und Reisekinderbetten für den Wohnbereich - Teil 2: Prüfverfahren

Mobilier - Lits à nacelle fixes et pliants à usage domestique pour enfants - Partie 2:

Méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 716-2:2017
ICS:
97.140 Pohištvo Furniture
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST EN 716-2:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 716-2:2017
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SIST EN 716-2:2017
EN 716-2
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.140; 97.190 Supersedes EN 716-2:2008+A1:2013
English Version
Furniture - Children's cots and folding cots for domestic
use - Part 2: Test methods
Möbel - Kinderbetten und Reisekinderbetten für den
Wohnbereich - Teil 2: Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 February 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 716-2:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 716-2:2017
EN 716-2:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 General test conditions ................................................................................................................................. 5

3.1 Preliminary preparation .............................................................................................................................. 5

3.2 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 5

3.3 Application of forces ...................................................................................................................................... 6

3.4 Tolerances ......................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.5 Test sequence ................................................................................................................................................... 6

3.6 Prevention of movement during test ....................................................................................................... 6

4 Test apparatus.................................................................................................................................................. 6

4.1 Measuring probes ........................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Bottom impactor ............................................................................................................................................. 7

4.3 Test mattress .................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.4 Side impactor .................................................................................................................................................... 8

4.5 Loading pad ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.6 Stops ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.7 Floor surface ..................................................................................................................................................... 9

4.8 Test chain and mass ....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.9 Small parts cylinder ....................................................................................................................................... 9

4.10 Test mass ......................................................................................................................................................... 10

4.11 Bite tester ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

4.12 Retaining block ............................................................................................................................................. 11

4.13 Foothold template ........................................................................................................................................ 11

4.14 Head probes ................................................................................................................................................... 12

4.14.1 Small head probe .......................................................................................................................................... 12

4.14.2 Large head probe ......................................................................................................................................... 12

4.15 Template for V-shaped openings ............................................................................................................ 13

4.16 Test dummy .................................................................................................................................................... 14

5 Test procedures ............................................................................................................................................ 14

5.1 Assembly and inspection ........................................................................................................................... 14

5.2 Stability - test ................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.3 Footholds ......................................................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.1 Determination of a foothold ..................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.2 Tests for footholds ....................................................................................................................................... 16

5.3.3 Measurement of distance between footholds and/or top of cot sides and ends ................... 19

5.4 Measurements ............................................................................................................................................... 20

5.4.1 Holes, gaps and openings inside the cot .............................................................................................. 20

5.4.2 Holes, gaps and openings on the outside of the cot ......................................................................... 21

5.5 Small parts ...................................................................................................................................................... 23

5.5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 23

5.5.2 Torque test ..................................................................................................................................................... 23

5.5.3 Tension test .................................................................................................................................................... 24

5.6 Bite test ............................................................................................................................................................ 24

5.7 Tests for cot base and mattress base .................................................................................................... 24

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EN 716-2:2017 (E)

5.7.1 Folding test of the mattress base and cot base .................................................................................. 24

5.7.2 Strength of cot base and mattress base (impact test) ..................................................................... 25

5.8 Strength of sides and ends ......................................................................................................................... 26

5.8.1 Static load test of slats (bending test) ................................................................................................... 26

5.8.2 Strength of sides or side slats (impact test) ........................................................................................ 26

5.8.3 Strength of corners (impact test) ............................................................................................................ 27

5.8.4 Strength of mesh and flexible sides and ends (static load test) ................................................... 28

5.9 Strength of frame and fastenings ............................................................................................................ 28

5.9.1 Vertical static load test ............................................................................................................................... 28

5.9.2 Durability test ................................................................................................................................................ 29

5.10 Snag points ...................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.11 Locking systems ............................................................................................................................................ 30

5.11.1 Durability......................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.11.2 Strength ............................................................................................................................................................ 30

5.12 Stability test .................................................................................................................................................... 30

6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 31

Annex A (informative) A–deviations ................................................................................................................... 32

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 33

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SIST EN 716-2:2017
EN 716-2:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 716-2:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 207 “Furniture”,

the secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2017, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document supersedes EN 716-2:2008+A1:2013.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.
Compared to EN 716-2:2008+A1:2013, the following modifications have been made:
— introduction of the elements of the amendment;
— modification of the wrong references to clauses;
— clarification of 4.3, “Test mattress”;
— modification of 5.7.1, “Folding test of the mattress base and cot base”.

EN 716, Furniture — Children's cots and folding cots for domestic use, is composed with the following

parts:
— Part 1: Safety requirements;
— Part 2: Test methods.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies test methods for assessing the safety of children's cots and folding

cots for domestic use.

It applies to children’s cots and folding cots with an internal length greater than 900 mm but not more

than 1 400 mm.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 2439:2008, Flexible cellular polymeric materials — Determination of hardness (indentation

technique) (ISO 2439:2008)

ISO 7619-2, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of indentation hardness — Part 2:

IRHD pocket meter method
3 General test conditions
3.1 Preliminary preparation

The tests are designed to be applied to a cot that is fully assembled and ready for use.

The test unit shall be stored in indoor ambient conditions for at least one week immediately prior to

testing. Any deviation from this procedure shall be stated in the test report.

Before testing, any fabrics intended to be removable shall be cleaned or washed twice in accordance

with the manufacturer's instructions. If no instructions are supplied, the manner of washing/cleaning

shall be stated in the test report.

The tests shall be carried out under indoor ambient conditions, but if during a test the atmospheric

temperature is outside the range 15 °C to 25 °C, the maximum and/or minimum temperature shall be

recorded in the test report.

The cot shall be tested as delivered. If the cot is a knock down type, it shall be assembled according to

the manufacturer's instructions supplied with the cot. If the cot can be assembled, combined or adjusted

in different ways, the most adverse combination shall be used for each test.

Knock-down fittings shall be tightened before testing. Further re-tightening shall not take place unless

this is specifically required by the manufacturer.

In the case of designs not catered for in the test procedures, the tests shall be carried out as far as

possible as described, and a list made of the deviations from the test procedures.

3.2 Test equipment

Unless otherwise specified, the tests may be applied by any suitable device because results are

dependent only upon correctly applied forces and loads and not upon the apparatus.

The equipment shall not inhibit the deformation of the cot during testing. It shall be able to move so that

it can follow the deformation of the cot during testing, so that the loads are always applied at the

specified point and in the specified direction.

All loading pads shall be capable of pivoting in relation to the direction of the applied force. The pivot

point shall be as close as practically possible to the load surface.
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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
3.3 Application of forces

The forces in the static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly enough to ensure that negligible

dynamic force is applied.

The forces in durability tests shall be applied at a rate to ensure that excessive heating does not occur.

3.4 Tolerances
Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply:
— Forces: ±5 % of the nominal force;
— Masses: ±0,5 % of the nominal mass;
— Dimensions: ±1,0 mm of the nominal dimension;
— Angles: ±2° of the nominal angle;
— Positioning of loading ±5 mm;
pads:
— Duration of forces: (2 ± 1) s for durability tests
(10 ± 2) s for static load tests, including tension, torque and bite tests.

The tests are described in terms of the application of forces. Masses can, however, be used. The

relationship 10 N = 1 kg shall be used for this purpose.
3.5 Test sequence

The tests shall be carried out in the order laid down in this standard and on the same cot.

3.6 Prevention of movement during test

If the cot tends to slide or roll during the tests specified in Clause 5, it shall be restrained by stops (4.6).

4 Test apparatus
4.1 Measuring probes

Probes made of plastics or other hard, smooth material mounted on a force-measuring device.

There shall be one probe with a diameter of 7 mm (−0,1/+0 mm), see Figure 1 a).

There shall be five probes with an angle of 30° ± 0,5° with diameters of 25 mm (0/+0,1 mm), 45 mm

(0/+0,1 mm), 60 mm (0/+0,1 mm), 65 mm (0/+0,1 mm) and 85 mm (0/+0,1 mm) with conical ends, see

Figure 1 b).

There shall be four cylindrical probes with diameters of 5 mm (−0,1/+0 mm), 7 mm (−0,1/+0 mm),

12 mm (0/+0,1 mm) and 18 mm (0/+0,1 mm) with hemispherical ends, see Figure 1 c).

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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
a) 7 mm probe
b) Conical probes
c) Cylindrical probes
Key
1 Ø 5 mm (−0,1/+0 mm), Ø 7 mm (−0,1/+0 mm), Ø 12 mm (0/+0,1 mm), Ø 18 mm
(0/+0,1 mm)
Figure 1 — Measuring probes
4.2 Bottom impactor

An impactor with a total mass of 10 kg of hardwood or equivalent material with a hemispherical end

and with dimensions in accordance with Figure 2.

The impactor shall be guided so that it is kept vertical and always falls on the impact point.

Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 2 — Bottom impactor
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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
4.3 Test mattress

A polyurethane foam sheet with a thickness of 60 mm, a bulk density of 35 kg/m ± 10 % or an

indentation hardness index of (170 ± 40) N in accordance with EN ISO 2439:2008, A.40 and being at

least 400 mm × 800 mm in area but not larger than the mattress base of the cot under test. The test

mattress shall have a light soft cotton cover with a mass not greater than 120 g/m .

4.4 Side impactor

A pendulum with a cylindrical head made of steel (Figure 3). The head of the pendulum shall be

surrounded by a 10 mm thick layer of rubber of hardness 76 IRHD to 78 IRHD in accordance with

ISO 7619-2. The total mass shall be 2 kg.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 pivot point
2 centre of gravity
3 rubber 76 to 78 IRHD
Figure 3 — Side impactor
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4.5 Loading pad

A rigid cylindrical object, 100 mm in diameter, having a smooth hard surface and rounded edge with

radius of 12 mm.
4.6 Stops

Stops which prevent the article from sliding but not tilting, not higher than 12 mm except in cases

where the design of the item necessitates the use of higher stops, in which case the lowest that will

prevent the item from sliding shall be used.
4.7 Floor surface
Rigid, horizontal and flat surface.
4.8 Test chain and mass

Ball chain with a ball diameter of (3,2 ± 0,2) mm and a distance between ball centres of (4,0 ± 0,2) mm

(Figure 4), fixed to a 2,5 kg spherical weight with a diameter of 115 mm forming a loop in accordance

with Figure 5.
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 4 — Ball chain
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 ball chain
2 weight, mass 2,5 kg
3 fixing point
Figure 5 — Test chain and mass
4.9 Small parts cylinder

For assessment of small components, having dimensions in accordance with Figure 6.

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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
NOTE The cylinder is identical to the one specified in EN 71–1 [1].
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 6 — Small parts cylinder
4.10 Test mass
A weight having a mass of 10 kg and a cross-section of 100 mm × 30 mm.
4.11 Bite tester

An apparatus (Figure 8), consisting of two sets of teeth (Figure 7), made from H13 high chrome tool

steel or equivalent and hardened to 45 Rockwell C to 50 Rockwell C. There shall be two teeth at the top

and two at the bottom of the bite tester, positioned so that the vertical centre line of one pair of teeth is

(1 ± 0,1) mm in front of the centre line of the other set of teeth. In the fully closed position the teeth

shall overlap each other by (1 ± 0,1) mm. The outer most corners of the teeth shall have a radius of

(0,3 ± 0,1) mm.

The teeth shall be mounted so as to pivot about a point (50 ± 1) mm from the rear most pair of teeth

and positioned so that when closed the centre lines of the two pairs of teeth are parallel to each other.

The bite tester shall be equipped with a stop to prevent the distance between the teeth from exceeding

(28 ± 1) mm when fully opened. The closing force of the teeth shall be set at (50 ± 5) N.

The bite tester shall be provided with a guide to prevent items entering further into the fully opened

jaws by more than (17 ± 1) mm. The bite tester shall be equipped with a means whereby a force of

(50 ± 5) N can be applied along its centre line in a direction tending to pull the teeth off the sample.

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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 7 — Test teeth
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 position of guide
2 pivot point
Figure 8 — Bite tester
4.12 Retaining block

Two retaining blocks made of rigid material with a width of 50 mm and a radius of 5 mm at the front

edges.
4.13 Foothold template

A strip of 10 mm thick transparent material cut to the shape as shown in Figure 9, marked on one face

with the pattern as shown.
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EN 716-2:2017 (E)

The sides of the template shall be at a right angle to the faces. All edges and corners shall be without any

radius.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 triangular cells plotted on a 5 × 5 grid
Figure 9 — Template for foothold test (example of left hand template)

Two templates are required to provide a left and right hand template. The markings shown in Figure 9

shall be on the bottom face of each template to avoid parallax errors.
4.14 Head probes
4.14.1 Small head probe

The small head probe shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions

given in Figure 10. The radius shall be 53 mm.
NOTE The small head probe represents a child aged 6 months to 9 months.
Key
a = 106 mm
b = 145 mm
c = 126 mm
Figure 10 — Small head probes
4.14.2 Large head probe

The large head probe shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth material with the dimensions

given in Figure 11.
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SIST EN 716-2:2017
EN 716-2:2017 (E)
NOTE The large head probe represents a child aged up to 36 months.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
a = 223 mm
Figure 11 — Large head probe
4.15 Template for V-shaped openings

The template for V and irregular shaped openings shall be made from plastics or other hard, smooth

material with the dimensions given in Figure 12. The tolerance for the angles shall be ± 1°.

Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 B portion
2 A portion
Figure 12 — V and irregular shaped openings template
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SIST EN 716-2:2017
EN 716-2:2017 (E)
4.16 Test dummy

A solid cylinder 200 mm in diameter and 300 mm in height, having a mass of 15 kg and with its centre

of gravity 150 mm above its base. All the edges of the cylinder shall have a radius of 5 mm.

5 Test procedures
5.1 Assembly and inspection

Assemble the cot in accordance with the manufacturer's instruction. Prior to the test, inspect the cot

visually for defects.
Tighten all knock-down fittings.
After testing, check where appropriate:
— whether there are sharp edges or burrs,
— whether the functions of the locking mechanisms are impaired,
— whether the functions of the cot are impaired,

— whether the sizes of the openings have changed so that they present a safety hazard,

— if relevant, whether the stability of the cot has changed.
5.2 Stability - test

The cot shall be tested without mattress unless the mattress is an integral part of the cot.

Position the cot on the floor (4.7) with the legs against the stops (4.6). The tilting tendencies shall not be

restrained.
Adjust the cot base to its highest position.

Attach the test mass (4.10) on the inside at the centre of the upper edge of the cot side/end so that its

centre of gravity is 50 mm below the upper edge of the cot side/end (Figure 13). At the same side/end,

apply a force of 30 N horizontally outwards at the centre of the upper edge of the cot side/end.

Record whether the cot overturns.
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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 13 — Stability
5.3 Footholds
5.3.1 Determination of a foothold
5.3.1.1 General
Seams in fabrics of multiple layers are not considered as footholds.
5.3.1.2 Continuous structure

A foothold exists on a continuous structure if four triangles marked on the template are completely

obscured by the structure being checked. These four triangles shall have at least one side in common

with another of the triangles, see Figure 14.
Key
This shaded area denotes one triangle; four shaded areas
denote four covered triangles

Figure 14 — Examples of obscured triangles indicating a foothold on a continuous structure

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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
5.3.1.3 Non-continuous structure

A foothold exists on a non-continuous structure if two or more triangles marked on the template are

completely obscured between the edge of the template and the bold lines of the template by the

structure being checked. The two or more triangles on either side of the template shall have at least one

side in common with each other, see Figure 15.
Key
This shaded area denotes one triangle.

Figure 15 — Examples of obscured triangles on a foothold on a non-continuous structure

5.3.1.4 Wire, thin structures and similar parts

A foothold exists on a wire, thin structure and similar part if it projects across the bold lines on the

template, see Figure 16. Any wire, thin structure or similar part with a maximum width of 5 mm shall be

checked in accordance with 5.3.2.3.
Key
This denotes a wire, thin structure or similar structure.
Figure 16 — Example of a foothold on a wire, thin structure and similar part
5.3.2 Tests for footholds
5.3.2.1 Footholds on a continuous structure at an angle less than 55°

Using either the left or right hand template, place the template with its marked face on any continuous

structure inclined at less than 55° to the horizontal. Orientate either template, Figure 9, to check

whether four triangles are obscured; see Figure 17.
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EN 716-2:2017 (E)
...

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