Automotive fuels - Automotive ethanol (E85) fuel - Requirements and test methods

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für gehandelten und ausgelieferten Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) fest. Es ist anwendbar auf Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) zur Verwendung in Fahrzeugen mit Ottomotor, die für den Einsatz dieses Kraftstoffs (E85) ausgerüstet sind.
Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) ist ein Gemisch von nominell 85 % (V/V) Ethanol und unverbleitem Benzin, umfasst aber auch die Möglichkeit verschiedener „jahreszeitlicher Klassen“, die mehr als 50 % (V/V) Ethanol enthalten.
ANMERKUNG 1 Für die Zwecke dieses Dokuments wird zur Angabe des Massenanteils der Ausdruck „% (m/m)“ und für den Volumenanteil der Ausdruck „% (V/V)“ verwendet.
ANMERKUNG 2 Für diese Europäische Norm gelten A-Abweichungen (siehe Anhang C).

Kraftstoffe - Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an und Prüfverfahren für gehandelten und in Verkehr gebrachten Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) fest. Sie ist anwendbar auf Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) zur Verwendung in Fahrzeugen mit Ottomotor, die für den Einsatz dieses Kraftstoffs (E85) ausgerüstet sind.
Ethanolkraftstoff (E85) ist ein Gemisch von nominell 85 % (V/V) Ethanol und unverbleitem Benzin, umfasst aber auch die Möglichkeit verschiedener "jahreszeitlicher Klassen", die mehr als 50 % (V/V) Ethanol enthalten.
ANMERKUNG 1   Für die Zwecke dieses Dokuments wird zur Angabe des Massenanteils einer Substanz der Ausdruck "% (m/m)" und für den Volumenanteil einer Substanz der Ausdruck "% (V/V)" verwendet.
ANMERKUNG 2   Für diese Europäische Norm gelten A-Abweichungen (siehe Anhang C).

Carburants pour automobiles - Carburant éthanol (E85) pour automobiles - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne prescrit les exigences et les méthodes d'essai pour le carburant pour automobiles Ethanol (E85) mis sur le marché et livré. Elle est applicable au carburant pour automobiles Ethanol (E85) destiné aux moteurs à allumage commandé conçus pour utiliser ce carburant.
Le carburant pour automobiles Ethanol (E85) est un mélange de théoriquement 85 % (V/V) d’éthanol et d’essence sans plomb ordinaire, mais il inclut aussi la possibilité de différentes « classes saisonnières » contenant plus que 50 % (V/V)  d’éthanol.
NOTE   Pour les besoins de la présente Norme européenne, les expressions "% (m/m)" et "% (V/V)" sont utilisées pour désigner respectivement les fractions massiques et les fractions volumiques.

Goriva za motorna vozila - Gorivo etanol (E85) za motorna vozila - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za prodajano in dobavljeno gorivo etanol (E85) za motorna vozila. Uporablja se za gorivo etanol (E85) za motorna vozila z motorjem z vžiganjem na iskro, ki so bila zasnovana za uporabo pogona na etanol (E85). Gorivo etanol (E85) za motorna vozila je mešanica nominalno 85-odstotnega (V/V) etanola v skladu s standardom EN 15376 in bencina v skladu s standardom EN 228, vendar obstaja tudi možnost različnih »sezonskih gradacij« z več kot 50-odstotnim (V/V) etanolom.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Aug-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
22-Aug-2018
Completion Date
22-Aug-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Goriva za motorna vozila - Gorivo etanol (E85) za motorna vozila - Zahteve in preskusne metodeKraftstoffe für Kraftfahrzeuge - Ethanol (E85) Autokraftstoff - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenCarburants pour automobiles - Carburant automobile Ethanol (E85) - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiAutomotive fuels - Ethanol (E85) automotive fuel - Requirements and test methods75.160.20Liquid fuelsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15293:2018SIST EN 15293:2018en,fr,de01-november-2018SIST EN 15293:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 15293:20111DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 15293:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15293
August
t r s z English Version

Requirements and test methods Carburants pour automobiles æ Carburant pour d 5essai und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

x May
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s w t { uã t r s z ESIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Sampling ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 5 Pump marking .................................................................................................................................................. 8 6 Requirements and test methods ................................................................................................................ 8 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 6.2 Constituents ...................................................................................................................................................... 8 6.3 Dyes and markers ........................................................................................................................................... 8 6.4 Additives ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 6.5 Phosphorus........................................................................................................................................................ 9 6.6 Denaturants ...................................................................................................................................................... 9 6.7 Generally applicable requirements and test methods ...................................................................... 9 6.7.1 Overall requirements .................................................................................................................................... 9 6.7.2 Octane .................................................................................................................................................................. 9 6.8 Climatically dependent requirements and test methods .............................................................. 11 6.8.1 Water tolerance ............................................................................................................................................ 11 6.8.2 Volatility requirements ............................................................................................................................. 11 6.9 Precision and dispute ................................................................................................................................. 12 6.9.1 Resolution of disputes ................................................................................................................................ 12 6.9.2 Arbitration test methods ........................................................................................................................... 12 Annex A (normative)

Required updates to determination methods ...................................................... 13 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 A.2 Water content, EN 15489 and EN 15692 .............................................................................................. 13 A.3 Sulfate content, EN 15492:2012 .............................................................................................................. 13 A.4 Phosphorus content, EN 15487:2007 ................................................................................................... 13 A.5 Octane number, EN ISO 5164:2014 and EN ISO 5163:2014 .......................................................... 14 Annex B (informative)

Octane number considerations .............................................................................. 15 Annex C (informative)

A-deviations ................................................................................................................... 16 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 17

SIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 15293:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 19 “Gaseous and liquid fuels, lubricants and related products of petroleum, synthetic and biological origin”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes CEN/TS 15293:2011. Significant technical changes between this European Standard and CEN/TS 15293:2011 are: — the maximum level of ethers has been excluded as the requirement of using standardized unleaded petrol and ethanol as blending components made this requirement obsolete; — the requirements towards contaminants originating mainly from ethanol are aligned with the newly revised EN 15376 that has been updated in order to allow blending at all ethanol concentrations up to and including 85 %(V/V). An example is the lowering of the limit on sulfate content from 4,0 mg/kg to 2,6 mg/kg. Density minimum has been lowered from 0,760 g/m3 to 0,755 g/m3. As alignment of units for elemental contaminants is pursued, a mean density value of 0,780 g/cm3 has been used; — in line with recent discussions in CEN/TC 19 on the dating of normative references in European fuel specifications, combined with the fact that the product specified in this document is not linked to EU Directives [1], [2], [3], dates of publication of test method standards have been removed where the CEN rules allow such; — additional clarification on the impact of additives has been included; — the determination of higher alcohols is now to be done by the multi-GC technique, because the O-FID technique has not been evaluated with a significant number of laboratories in the Round Robin exercise. EN ISO 22854 has been revised as it needed to include an additional procedure for E85; — determinations using EN 15837 (ICP) have been deleted as it seemed to have issues with high ethanol blends; — appearance has been added to the table of requirements; — the newly developed determination methods for methanol, vapour pressure and sulfur content have been introduced, as well as another sampling method (EN 14725). Where necessary a referee method has been identified; — the conductivity limit has been aligned in terms of decimal with the reporting requirement of the test method; SIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 4 — on the basis that petrol blend component in line with EN 228 and ethanol in line with EN 15376 would be used, properties that seem to be covered by other requirements, such as solvent washed existent gum and copper, have been removed from Table 1; — the development towards a harmonized fuel labelling under CEN/TC 441 has been acknowledged by referencing its European Standard; — Annex A has been updated following further or pending work by WG 9 and WG 27 under CEN/TC 19; — following applications by AFNOR, DIN and NBN, A-deviations have been accepted; — dated references to test methods have been updated. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 5 Introduction The quality of the fuel specified in this document is based on the assumption that ethanol and unleaded petrol fulfilling the fuel quality specification standards are used to blend automotive ethanol (E85) fuel. Product delivered to blenders is commonly known as Blending Oxygenate Base-stock (BOB). This is largely the only available petrol for blending, which meets EN 228 after addition of ethanol. Examples of properties of EN 228 that are only fulfilled when BOB is blended with ethanol are octane number and vapour pressure. In this version of document the requirement of EN 228 quality petrol has been clarified in line with the normal blending practice–where the document has been assessed against the EU Directives[1], [2], [3] applicable to the normal fuels. The specification has been set to allow for the use of denatured and undenatured ethanol as a blending component, depending on national legislation. All of the determination methods have been assessed (and where necessary revised) on their applicability towards E85. The same work has concluded that the Research Octane Number (RON) of the fuel that is targeted at 104 at minimum, is achieved. A few of the determination methods referenced are still being investigated in terms of correct application and precision. CEN is revising its Technical Report on the topic [5] to align it with discussions that have led to this revision. One major open issue that is to be explained in that revision – and which generated discussion during the revision of CEN/TS 15293– is the fact that the current sulfate limit is deemed by some to be too high to prevent injector deposit formation and would require vehicles to undergo a variable fuel type utilization program to manage the issue. The fact that the vehicle manufacturers have unanimously underlined that they see no issues in the actual market was one of the re-assuring factors to finalize this document as a European Standard. See for more explanation CEN/TR 15993 [5]. SIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This document specifies requirements and test methods for marketed and delivered automotive ethanol (E85) fuel. It is applicable to automotive ethanol (E85) fuel for use in spark ignition engine vehicles designed to run on automotive ethanol (E85) fuel. Automotive ethanol (E85) fuel is a mixture of nominally 85 % (V/V) ethanol and unleaded petrol, but also including the possibility of having different “seasonal grades” containing more than 50 % (V/V) ethanol. NOTE 1 For the purposes of this document, the terms “% (m/m)” and “% (V/V)” are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction. NOTE 2 For this European Standard, A-deviations apply (see Annex C). 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 228, Automotive fuels - Unleaded petrol - Requirements and test methods EN 13016-1, Liquid petroleum products - Vapour pressure - Part 1: Determination of air saturated vapour pressure (ASVP) and calculated dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) EN 13016-3, Liquid petroleum products - Vapour pressure - Part 3: Determination of vapour pressure and calculated dry vapour pressure equivalent (DVPE) (Triple Expansion Method) EN 14275, Automotive fuels - Assessment of petrol and diesel fuel quality - Sampling from retail site pumps and commercial site fuel dispensers EN 15376, Automotive fuels - Ethanol as a blending component for petrol - Requirements and test methods EN 15487:2007, Ethanol as a blending component for petrol - Determination of phosphorus content - Ammonium molybdate spectrometric method EN 15489, Ethanol as a blending component for petrol - Determination of water content - Karl Fischer coulometric titration method EN 15491, Ethanol as a blending component for petrol - Determination of total acidity - Colour indicator titration method EN 15492:2012, Ethanol as a blending component for petrol - Determination of inorganic chloride and sulfate content - Ion chromatographic method EN 15692, Ethanol as a blending component for petrol - Determination of water content - Karl Fischer potentiometric titration method EN 15769, Ethanol as a blending component of petrol - Determination of appearance - Visual method EN 15938, Automotive fuels - Ethanol blending component and ethanol (E85) automotive fuel - Determination of electrical conductivity EN 16761-1, Automotive fuels - Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography - Part 1: Method using single column technique SIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 7 EN 16761-2, Automotive fuels - Determination of methanol in automotive ethanol (E85) fuel by gas chromatography - Part 2: Method using heart cut technique EN 16942, Fuels - Identification of vehicle compatibility - Graphical expression for consumer information EN 16997, Liquid petroleum products - Determination of the sulfur content in Ethanol (E85) automotive fuel- Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometric method EN ISO 2160, Petroleum products - Corrosiveness to copper - Copper strip test (ISO 2160) EN ISO 3170, Petroleum liquids - Manual sampling (ISO 3170) EN ISO 4259-2, Petroleum and related products - Precision of measurement methods and results - Part 2: Interpretation and application of precision data in relation to methods of test (ISO 4259-2) EN ISO 5163:2014, Petroleum products - Determination of knock characteristics of motor and aviation fuels - Motor method (ISO 5163:2014) EN ISO 5164:2014, Petroleum products - Determination of knock characteristics of motor fuels - Research method (ISO 5164:2014) EN ISO 7536, Petroleum products - Determination of oxidation stability of gasoline - Induction period method (ISO 7536) EN ISO 12185, Crude petroleum and petroleum products - Determination of density - Oscillating U-tube method (ISO 12185) EN ISO 22854:2016, Liquid petroleum products - Determination of hydrocarbon types and oxygenates in automotive-motor gasoline and in ethanol (E85) automotive fuel - Multidimensional gas chromatography method (ISO 22854:2016) 3 Terms and definitions There are no terms and definitions listed in this document. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp SIST EN 15293:2018

EN 15293:2018 (E) 8 4 Sampling Samples shall be taken as described in EN ISO 3170 or EN 14275 and/or in accordance with the requirements of national standards or regulations for the sampling of automotive ethanol (E85) fuel. The national requirements shall be set out in detail or shall be referred to by reference in a national annex to this European Standard. In view of the sensitivity of some of the test methods referred to in this document, particular attention shall be paid to compliance with any guidance on sampling containers, which is sometimes included in the test method standard. It is essential that for sampling of automotive ethanol (E85) fuel the containers used to take and store the samples before testing are free from any contamination. 5 Pump marking Information to be marked on dispensing pumps used for delivering automotive ethanol (E85) fuel, and the dimensions of the mark shall be in accordance with EN 16942. Labelling shall be clearly visible, easily legible and displayed at any point where automotive ethanol (E85) fuel with metallic additives is made available to consumers. The label shall contain: “Contains

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