Hand-held portable power tools - Test methods for evaluation of vibration emission - Part 6: Rammers (ISO 28927-6:2009)

ISO 28927-6:2009 specifies a laboratory method for measuring hand-transmitted vibration emission at the handles of hand-held, power-driven rammers. It is a type-test procedure for establishing the magnitude of vibration in the gripping areas of a machine run under specified test conditions. It is intended that the results be used to compare different models of the same type of machine.
ISO 28927-6:2009 is applicable to rammers, back-fill rammers, pawing rammers, sand rammers and stampers, driven pneumatically or by other means, intended for use in foundries, on building sites, etc., and with, for example, butts or peens made of cast iron or rubber, used for ramming of casting sand or in stamping work.

Handgehaltene motorbetriebene Maschinen - Messverfahren zur Ermittlung der Schwingungsemission - Teil 6: Stampfer (ISO 28927-6:2009)

Dieser Teil von ISO 28927 legt ein Laborverfahren zur Messung der Hand-Arm-Schwingungen fest, die an den Handgriffen von handgehaltenen motorbetriebenen Stampfern hervorgerufen werden. Es handelt sich um ein Messverfahren zur Ermittlung der Schwingungs¬kennwerte (Schwingungs¬emissionswerte) an den Greif-stellen der Maschine, die unter bestimmten Messbedingungen betrieben wird. Der Zweck besteht darin, die Kennwerte zum Vergleich verschiedener Modelle derselben Maschinenart zu verwenden.
Dieser Teil von ISO 28927 gilt für Formsandstampfer und Stampfer zum Verdichten von Füllungen (siehe Abschnitt 5), die zum Einsatz in Gießereien, auf Baustellen usw. vorgesehen sind und pneumatisch oder auf andere Weise angetrieben werden. Beispielsweise bestehen die Kolbenstangen oder Stampffüße aus Gusseisen oder Gummi, mit denen Formsand verfestigt wird oder sonstige Stampf¬arbeiten ausgeführt werden.
ANMERKUNG   Um eine Verwechslung zu vermeiden, wird in dieser Norm zwischen der (motorbetriebenen) Maschine und dem Werkzeug oder Einsatzwerkzeug strikt unter¬schieden.

Machines à moteur portatives - Méthodes d'essai pour l'évaluation de l'émission de vibrations - Partie 6: Marteaux fouloirs (ISO 28927-6:2009)

L'ISO 28927-6:2009 spécifie une méthode de mesure en laboratoire des émissions de vibrations transmises aux mains s'exerçant au niveau des poignées des marteaux fouloirs. Il s'agit d'une méthode d'essai de type définissant l'amplitude des vibrations aux zones de préhension des machines fonctionnant dans des conditions d'essai de type. Il est prévu d'utiliser les résultats pour comparer différents modèles du même type de machine.
L'ISO 28927-6:2009 s'applique aux marteaux fouloirs, aux dames de remblaiement, aux marteaux enfonceurs, aux marteaux fouloirs à sable et aux matriceuses, pneumatiques ou entraînées par un autre dispositif, destinés à être utilisés dans des fonderies, sur des chantiers, etc. avec, par exemple, des jupes ou des pannes en fonte ou en caoutchouc utilisées pour damer le sable de fonderie ou des travaux de marquage.

Ročna prenosna električna orodja - Preskusne metode za vrednotenje oddajanja vibracij - 6. del: Tolkači (ISO 28927-6:2009)

Ta del ISO 28927 določa laboratorijsko metodo merjenja emisij ročnega oddajanja vibracij na ročajih ročnih električnih tolkačev. To je postopek tipskega preskusa za vzpostavljanje razsežnosti vibracij v območju držanja stroja, ko deluje pod določenimi preskusnimi pogoji. Namenjen je temu, da se rezultati uporabijo za primerjavo različnih modelov strojev istega tipa. Ta del ISO 28927 velja za tolkače, tolkače z zadnjim polnjenjem, tolkače za grebenje, tolkače za pesek in žige (glej Klavzulo 5), ki so pnevmatično ali kako drugače gnani, namenjene za uporabo v kovačijah, gradbiščih itd. in z na primer kopiti ali nakovali izdelanimi iz litega železa ali gume, ki se uporabljajo za tolčenje livarskega peska ali v žigosanju.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Dec-2009
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
15-Dec-2009
Completion Date
15-Dec-2009

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
01-februar-2010
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 8662-9:2000
5RþQDSUHQRVQDHOHNWULþQDRURGMD3UHVNXVQHPHWRGH]DYUHGQRWHQMHRGGDMDQMD
YLEUDFLMGHO7RONDþL ,62

Hand-held portable power tools - Test methods for evaluation of vibration emission - Part

6: Rammers (ISO 28927-6:2009)
Handgehaltene motorbetriebene Maschinen - Messverfahren zur Ermittlung der
Schwingungsemission - Teil 6: Stampfer (ISO 28927-6:2009)

Machines à moteur portatives - Méthodes d'essai pour l'évaluation de l'émission de

vibrations - Partie 6: Marteaux fouloirs (ISO 28927-6:2009)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 28927-6:2009
ICS:
13.160 Vpliv vibracij in udarcev na Vibration and shock with
ljudi respect to human beings
25.140.01 5RþQDRURGMDQDVSORãQR Hand-held tools in general
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 28927-6
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2009
ICS 13.160; 25.140.10 Supersedes EN ISO 8662-9:1996
English Version
Hand-held portable power tools - Test methods for evaluation of
vibration emission - Part 6: Rammers (ISO 28927-6:2009)

Machines à moteur portatives - Méthodes d'essai pour Handgehaltene motorbetriebene Maschinen -

l'évaluation de l'émission de vibrations - Partie 6: Marteaux Messverfahren zur Ermittlung der Schwingungsemission -

fouloirs (ISO 28927-6:2009) Teil 6: Stampfer (ISO 28927-6:2009)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 December 2009.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 28927-6:2009: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
EN ISO 28927-6:2009 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC, amended by Directive 98/79/EC ......................................4

Annex ZB (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC .........................................................................................5

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
EN ISO 28927-6:2009 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 28927-6:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 118

"Compressors and pneumatic tools, machines and equipment" in collaboration with Technical Committee

CEN/TC 231 “Mechanical vibration and shock” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by June 2010.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 8662-9:1996.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directives.

For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annex ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this

document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 28927-6:2009 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 28927-6:2009 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
EN ISO 28927-6:2009 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC, amended by Directive 98/79/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive 98/37/EC, Machinery, amended by Directive 98/79/EC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been

implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of

this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the

corresponding Essential Requirements of that Directive, except ER 1.7.4 d) and 2.2, and associated EFTA

regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the products falling

within the scope of this standard.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
EN ISO 28927-6:2009 (E)
Annex ZB
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of

the New Approach Directive 2006/42/EC on machinery.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been

implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of

this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the

corresponding Essential Requirement of that Directive, except ER 2.2.1.1, and associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling

within the scope of this standard.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 28927-6
First edition
2009-12-15
Hand-held portable power tools — Test
methods for evaluation of vibration
emission —
Part 6:
Rammers
Machines à moteur portatives — Méthodes d'essai pour l'évaluation de
l'émission de vibrations —
Partie 6: Marteaux fouloirs
Reference number
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
ISO 2009
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
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ii © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction........................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms, definitions and symbols ..........................................................................................................2

3.1 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

3.2 Symbols..................................................................................................................................................2

4 Basic standards and vibration test codes ..........................................................................................2

5 Description of the family of machines ................................................................................................2

6 Characterization of vibration................................................................................................................4

6.1 Direction of measurement ....................................................................................................................4

6.2 Location of measurements...................................................................................................................4

6.3 Magnitude of vibration..........................................................................................................................5

6.4 Combination of vibration directions....................................................................................................5

7 Instrumentation requirements..............................................................................................................5

7.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................5

7.2 Mounting of transducers ......................................................................................................................5

7.3 Frequency weighting filter....................................................................................................................6

7.4 Integration time......................................................................................................................................6

7.5 Auxiliary equipment ..............................................................................................................................6

7.6 Calibration..............................................................................................................................................6

8 Testing and operating conditions of the machinery..........................................................................6

8.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................6

8.2 Operating conditions ............................................................................................................................7

8.3 Other quantities to be specified...........................................................................................................7

8.4 Attached equipment, work piece and task..........................................................................................7

8.5 Operators................................................................................................................................................9

9 Measurement procedure and validity..................................................................................................9

9.1 Reported vibration values ....................................................................................................................9

9.2 Declaration and verification of the vibration emission value ...........................................................9

10 Measurement report ............................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Model test report for vibration emission of rammers .............................................11

Annex B (normative) Determination of uncertainty.......................................................................................13

Annex C (normative) Design of energy absorbers for rammers..................................................................15

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................16

© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 28927-6 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 118, Compressors and pneumatic tools,

machines and equipment, Subcommittee SC 3, Pneumatic tools and machines.

This first edition of ISO 29827-6 cancels and replaces ISO 8662-9:1996, of which it constitutes a technical

revision. The most important changes are
⎯ vibration measurement in three axes and at both hand positions,
⎯ new transducer positions, and
⎯ improved definition of transducer positions and orientation.

ISO 28927 consists of the following parts, under the general title Hand-held portable power tools — Test

methods for evaluation of vibration emission:
⎯ Part 1: Angle and vertical grinders
⎯ Part 2: Wrenches, nutrunners and screwdrivers
⎯ Part 3: Polishers and rotary, orbital and random orbital sanders
⎯ Part 4: Straight grinders

1) Together with Part 4, replaces ISO 8662-4, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the

handle — Part 4: Grinders.

2) Replaces ISO 8662-7, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle —

Part 7: Wrenches, screwdrivers nut runners with impact, impulse and ratcheting action. All screwdrivers and nutrunners

except for one-shot tools now covered.

3) Replaces ISO 8662-8, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle —

Part 8: Polishers and rotary, orbital and random orbital sanders.

4) Together with Part 1, replaces ISO 8662-4, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the

handle — Part 4: Grinders.
iv © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
⎯ Part 5: Drills and impact drills
⎯ Part 6: Rammers
⎯ Part 7: Nibblers and shears

⎯ Part 8: Saws, polishing and filing machines with reciprocating action and small saws with oscillating or

rotating action
⎯ Part 9: Scaling hammers and needle scalers
⎯ Part 10: Percussive drills, hammers and breakers
10)
⎯ Part 11: Stone hammers

5) Replaces ISO 8662-6, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle — Part 6: Impact

drills. Non-impacting drills now covered.

6) Replaces ISO 8662-10, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle —

Part 10: Nibblers and shears.

7) Replaces ISO 8662-12, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle — Part 12: Saws

and files with reciprocating action and saws with oscillating or rotating action.

8) Together with Part 11, replaces ISO 8662-14, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the

handle — Part 14: Stone-working tools and needle scalers.

9) Replaces ISO 8662-2, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle — Part 2: Chipping

hammers and riveting hammers, ISO 8662-3, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle

— Part 3: Rock drills and rotary hammers, and ISO 8662-5, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations

at the handle — Part 5: Pavement breakers and hammers for construction work. Chipping and riveting hammers, rock

drills and rotary hammers all covered.

10) Together with Part 9, replaces ISO 8662-14, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the

handle — Part 14: Stone-working tools and needle scalers.
© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or -B standards,

the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other standards for

machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C standard.

The vibration test codes for portable hand-held machines given in ISO 28927 are based on ISO 20643, which

gives general specifications for the measurement of the vibration emission of hand-held and hand-guided

machinery. ISO 28927 specifies the operation of the machines under type-test conditions and other

requirements for the performance of type tests. The structure/numbering of its clauses follows that of

ISO 20643.

The basic principle for transducer positioning first introduced in the EN 60745 series of European standards is

followed, representing a deviation from ISO 20643 for reasons of consistency. The transducers are primarily

positioned next to the hand in the area between the thumb and the index finger, where they give the least

disturbance to the operator gripping the machine.

It has been found that vibrations generated by rammers vary considerably in typical use. For rammers, the

percussion action is the source of vibration, and the variation is largely due to variations in the handling of the

rammer and the damping characteristics of the material worked on.

In order to provide a method that gives good measurement reproducibility, this part of ISO 28927 uses a

working process where the rammer is used on an energy absorber, thereby giving damping characteristics

that will be constant over time. The procedures of ISO 5349 are required whenever exposure at the workplace

is to be assessed.

The values obtained are type-test values intended to be representative of the average of the upper quartile of

typical vibration magnitudes in real-world use of the machines. However, the actual magnitudes will vary

considerably from time to time and depend on many factors, including the operator, the task and the inserted

tool or consumable. The state of maintenance of the machine itself might also be of importance. Under real

working conditions the influences of the operator and process can be particularly important at low magnitudes.

It is therefore not recommended that emission values below 2,5 m/s be used for estimating the vibration

magnitude under real working conditions. In such cases, 2,5 m/s is the recommended vibration magnitude for

estimating the machine vibration.

If accurate values for a specific work place are required, then measurements (according to ISO 5349) in that

work situation could be necessary. Vibration values measured in real working conditions can be either higher

or lower than the values obtained using this part of ISO 28927.

Higher vibration magnitudes can easily occur in real work situations, caused by an improper combination of

butt and rammed material.

The vibration test codes given in ISO 28927 supersede those given in ISO 8662, whose parts have been

replaced by the corresponding parts of ISO 28927 (see Foreword).

NOTE ISO 8662-11, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle — Part 11: Fastener

driving tools, and ISO 8662-13, Hand-held portable power tools — Measurement of vibrations at the handle —

Part 13: Die grinders, could be replaced by future parts of ISO 28927.
vi © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
Hand-held portable power tools — Test methods for evaluation
of vibration emission —
Part 6:
Rammers
1 Scope

This part of ISO 28927 specifies a laboratory method for measuring hand-transmitted vibration emission at the

handles of hand-held, power-driven rammers. It is a type-test procedure for establishing the magnitude of

vibration in the gripping areas of a machine run under specified test conditions. It is intended that the results

be used to compare different models of the same type of machine.

This part of ISO 28927 is applicable to rammers, back-fill rammers, pawing rammers, sand rammers and

stampers (see Clause 5), driven pneumatically or by other means, intended for use in foundries, on building

sites, etc., and with, for example, butts or peens made of cast iron or rubber, used for ramming of casting

sand or in stamping work.

NOTE To avoid confusion with the terms “power tool” and “inserted tool”, machine is used for the former throughout

this document.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 2787:1984, Rotary and percussive pneumatic tools — Performance tests

ISO 5349:2001 (all parts), Mechanical vibration — Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to

hand-transmitted vibration
ISO 5391:2003, Pneumatic tools and machines — Vocabulary
ISO 17066:2007, Hydraulic tools — Vocabulary

ISO 20643:2005, Mechanical vibration — Hand-held and hand-guided machinery — Principles for evaluation

of vibration emission

EN 12096:1997, Mechanical vibration — Declaration and verification of vibration emission values

© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
3 Terms, definitions and symbols

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 5391, ISO 17066 and ISO 20643,

and the following terms, definitions and symbols, apply.
3.1 Terms and definitions
3.1.1
rammer
backfill tamper
percussive machine for compressing earth, casting sand, etc.
NOTE Adapted from ISO 5391:2003, definition 2.2.8.
3.2 Symbols
Symbol Description Unit
a root-mean-square (r.m.s.) single-axis acceleration value of the frequency- m/s
weighted hand-transmitted vibration

a vibration total value of frequency-weighted r.m.s. acceleration; root sum of m/s

squares of a values for the three measured axes of vibration
arithmetic mean value of a values of runs for single operator using one m/s
hand position
a arithmetic mean value of a values for all operators for one hand position m/s
arithmetic mean value of a values for one hand position on several m/s
machines
a declared vibration emission value m/s
s standard deviation for a test series (for a sample, s) m/s
n−1
σ standard deviation of reproducibility (for a population, σ) m/s
C coefficient of variation for a test series
K uncertainty m/s
4 Basic standards and vibration test codes

This part of ISO 28297 is based on the requirements of ISO 20643 and corresponds to its structure in respect

of clause subjects and numbering except for the annexes.

Annex A presents a model test report, Annex B the means for determining the uncertainty, K, and Annex C

the design of energy absorbers for rammers.
5 Description of the family of machines

This part of ISO 29827 applies to hand-held machines intended for ramming casting sand or in stamping work.

Figures 1 and 2 show examples of typical rammers covered by this part of ISO 29827.

2 © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
Figure 1 — Rammer for use on floors
Figure 2 — Rammer for use on benches
© ISO 2009 – All rights reserved 3
---------------------- Page: 17 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
6 Characterization of vibration
6.1 Direction of measurement

The vibration transmitted to the hand shall be measured and reported for three directions of an orthogonal

coordinate system. At each hand position, the vibration shall be measured simultaneously in the three

directions shown in Figures 3 and 4.
6.2 Location of measurements

Measurements shall be made at the gripping zones, where the operator normally holds the machine and

applies the feed force. For machines intended for one-handed operation, it is only necessary to measure at a

single point.

The prescribed transducer location shall be as close as possible to the hand between the thumb and index

finger. This shall apply to both hand positions, with the machine held as in normal operation. Whenever

possible, measurements shall be made at the prescribed locations.

A secondary location is defined as being on the side of, and as close as possible to, the inner end of the

handle where the prescribed location is found. If the prescribed location of the transducer cannot be used, this

secondary location shall be used instead.

The prescribed or secondary location shall also be used on anti-vibration handles.

Figures 3 and 4 show the prescribed and secondary locations and measurement directions for the hand

positions normally used for the different types of machines in this family.
Key
1 prescribed location
2 secondary location
Figure 3 — Measurement locations — Rammer for use on floors
4 © ISO 2009 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 18 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 28927-6:2010
ISO 28927-6:2009(E)
Key
1 prescribed location
2 secondary location
Figure 4 — Measurement locations — Rammer for use on benches
6.3 Magnitude of vibration

The definitions for the magnitude of vibration given in ISO 20643:2005, 6.3, apply.

6.4 Combination of vibrati
...

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