Medical gloves - Determination of removable surface powder (ISO 21171:2006)

ISO 21171:2006 specifies methods for the determination of readily removable powder on the surface of gloves for medical use. Three methods are specified: method A for powdered gloves and methods B and C for powder-free gloves. This International Standard does not address safety issues that may be associated with the presence of powder on gloves nor does it prescribe limits on the amounts that may be present. The applicability of this International Standard to medical gloves not made from rubber has not been established.

Medizinische Handschuhe - Bestimmung des entfernbaren Oberflächenpuders (ISO 21171:2006)

Diese Internationale Norm legt Verfahren für die Bestimmung von leicht zu entfernendem Puder auf der Oberfläche von Handschuhen für den medizinischen Gebrauch fest. Es werden drei Verfahren festgelegt: Verfahren A für gepuderte Handschuhe und Verfahren B und C für puderfreie Handschuhe. In dieser Internationalen Norm werden weder Fragen der Sicherheit behandelt, die mit dem Vorhandensein von Puder auf Handschuhen zusammenhängen können, noch werden die Grenzen der Mengen vorgeschrieben, die vorhanden sein dürfen. Die Anwendbarkeit dieser Internationalen Norm für medizinische Handschuhe, die nicht aus Kautschuk hergestellt sind, ist nicht nachgewiesen.

Gants à usage médical - Détermination de la poudre de surface amovible (ISO 21171:2006)

L'ISO 21171:2006 spécifie des méthodes permettant de déterminer la quantité de poudre résiduelle qui peut facilement être enlevée, présente sur la surface des gants à usage médical. Trois méthodes sont spécifiées: la méthode A pour les gants poudrés et les méthodes B et C pour les gants sans poudre. La présente Norme internationale n'aborde pas les questions de sécurité qui peuvent être liées à la présence de poudre sur les gants, et ne spécifie pas non plus les limites de quantités qui peuvent être présentes. Il n'a pas été établi que la présente Norme internationale peut s'appliquer aux gants à usage médical qui ne sont pas en caoutchouc

Medicinske rokavice - Določanje odstranljivega površinskega pudra (ISO 21171:2006)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Apr-2006
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
01-May-2006
Completion Date
01-May-2006

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 21171:2006
01-julij-2006
0HGLFLQVNHURNDYLFH'RORþDQMHRGVWUDQOMLYHJDSRYUãLQVNHJDSXGUD ,62

Medical gloves - Determination of removable surface powder (ISO 21171:2006)
Medizinische Handschuhe - Bestimmung des entfernbaren Oberflächenpuders (ISO
21171:2006)
Gants a usage médical - Détermination de la poudre de surface amovible (ISO
21171:2006)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 21171:2006
ICS:
11.140 Oprema bolnišnic Hospital equipment
SIST EN ISO 21171:2006 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 21171
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2006
ICS 11.140
English Version
Medical gloves - Determination of removable surface powder
(ISO 21171:2006)

Gants à usage médical - Détermination de la poudre de Medizinische Handschuhe - Bestimmung des entfernbaren

surface amovible (ISO 21171:2006) Oberflächenpuders (ISO 21171:2006)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 April 2006.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,

Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2006 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 21171:2006: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN ISO 21171:2006 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 21171:2006) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 45

"Rubber and rubber products" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 205 "Non-active

medical devices", the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2006, and conflicting national

standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2006.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus,

Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,

Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 21171:2006 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 21171:2006 without any

modifications.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
EN ISO 21171:2006 (E)
ANNEX ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 93/42/EEC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European

Commission and the European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to

essential requirements of the New Approach Directive 93/42/EEC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive

and has been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with

the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of

this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements of that

Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 93/42/EEC

Clauses of this European Corresponding essential requirements (ERs) of
Standard
EU Directive 93/42/EEC

4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 ISO 21171 is a test method and does not contain requirements for medical

gloves. Hence it cannot of itself support any essential requirement of
Directive 93/42/EEC but, in conjunction with a device specification, it
addresses ER 1, 2, 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3.

WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the products falling

within the scope of this International standard.
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 21171
First edition
2006-05-01
Medical gloves — Determination
of removable surface powder
Gants à usage médical — Détermination de la poudre de surface
amovible
Reference number
ISO 21171:2006(E)
ISO 2006
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 21171:2006(E)
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© ISO 2006

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ii © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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ISO 21171:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Principle................................................................................................................................................. 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 1

4 Apparatus.............................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Reagents................................................................................................................................................ 2

6 Sampling................................................................................................................................................ 2

7 Method A — Procedure for powdered gloves.................................................................................... 2

8 Calculation of the result (method A)................................................................................................... 3

9 Methods B and C — Procedure for “powder-free” gloves ............................................................... 3

10 Precision................................................................................................................................................ 6

11 Test report............................................................................................................................................. 8

Bibliography ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 21171:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 21171 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 45, Rubber and rubber products, Subcommittee

SC 3, Raw materials (including latex) for use in the rubber industry.

This International Standard is based on ASTM D 6124-01, Standard Test Method for Residual Powder on

Medical Gloves, copyright ASTM, used with permission of ASTM.

For the purposes of this International Standard, the CEN annex regarding fulfilment of European Council

Directives has been removed.
iv © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 21171:2006(E)
Introduction

Depending on their method of manufacture, some medical gloves can have on their surface a small amount of

powder, normally modified corn-starch, which is intended to assist donning. Current thinking is that the

presence of excessive amounts of such powder can present a health hazard. The methods for the

determination of removable surface powder in this International Standard are based on those given in

ASTM D 6124-01, from which they differ in the method for determining removable powder from powder-free

surgeon's gloves and in the precision data.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 21171:2006(E)
Medical gloves — Determination of removable surface powder

WARNING — Persons using this International Standard should be familiar with normal laboratory

practice. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with

its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to

ensure compliance with any national regulatory conditions.
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies methods for the determination of readily removable powder on the

surface of gloves for medical use. Three methods are specified: method A for powdered gloves and

methods B and C for powder-free gloves. This International Standard does not address safety issues that may

be associated with the presence of powder on gloves nor does it prescribe limits on the amounts that may be

present. The applicability of this International Standard to medical gloves not made from rubber has not been

established.
2 Principle

The surfaces of a glove are washed with water to remove the water-insoluble powder which is then

determined by filtration followed by weighing. The number of gloves used for the procedure depends on

whether the gloves are nominally powder-free or powdered.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
powder

all water-insoluble material on the surface of a glove that is removed by washing under the conditions of the

test
3.2
powdered gloves

gloves for which a powder has been used as a part of the manufacturing process, generally to facilitate

donning, and described by the manufacturer as “powdered”
3.3
powder-free gloves
gloves which are described by the manufacturer as “powder-free”

NOTE Gloves should always be clearly labelled as to whether they are powdered or powder-free (unlabelled gloves

would normally be unacceptable to consumers). Nevertheless, if a sample of gloves does not carry the designation

“powdered” or “powder-free”, the gloves should be analysed as if they were powdered.

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 21171:2006(E)
4 Apparatus
Normal laboratory glassware and tweezers, together with the following:
4.1 Balance, accurate to 0,1 mg.

4.2 Mechanical shaker, capable of a minimum oscillation frequency of 1,7 Hz (102 cycles/min).

4.3 Drying oven, capable of maintaining 100 °C ± 5 °C.

4.4 Filters, 90 mm and 47 mm glass microfibre filters of 2,7 µm pore size, together with suction filtration

apparatus.
4.5 Desiccator.
5 Reagents
5.1 Wherever water is called for, distilled or deionized water shall be used.
6 Sampling

Randomly select an appropriate number of gloves from each lot to be evaluated. For determinations on

powdered gloves, use two gloves and for determinations on powder-free gloves use five gloves except in the

case of surgeon's gloves for which use three pairs (i.e. six gloves).
7 Method A — Procedure for powdered gloves
7.1 Before use, rinse all glassware and tweezers with water.

7.2 The test shall be carried out at 25 °C ± 5 °C on two gloves randomly selected.

7.3 Take a 90 mm, 2,7 µm pore size filter and place it in the desiccator for not less than 30 min. Remove

the filter and immediately weigh it on the balance, determining the mass to the nearest 0,1 mg. Record the

mass in grams (m ).

NOTE The use of a PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) base is suggested if experience shows that there is a risk of

tearing the filter on removal from a glass surface.
7.4 Place the filter in the suction apparatus.

7.5 Carefully remove a glove from its packaging and insert it into a 1 l capacity conical flask, or other

suitable container, containing 500 cm of water so that 1 cm to 3 cm of the cuff projects out round the rim of

the flask. Pour approximately 250 cm of water into the glove while holding a small portion of the cuff away

from the rim of the flask to allow air to be vented from the flask. While pouring the water into the glove ensure

that the projecting part of the cuff is rinsed. Tightly seal the flask with a rubber stopper covered by a small

piece of polypropylene sheet so that the flask does not leak. Place the sealed flask in the mechanical shaker

and oscillate for 30 s at a speed of not less than 1,7 Hz. Ensure that all the surfaces of the glove are well

washed.
7.6 Take the flask
...

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