Industrial trucks - Electromagnetic compatibility

This European Standard is applicable to industrial trucks, regardless of the power source (called only trucks) as defined in ISO/DIS 5053 1, and their electrical/electronic systems when used in residential, commercial, light industry and industrial environments (specified in EN 61000-6-3:2007 and EN 61000-6-2:2005).
This European Standard specifies:
-   the requirements and the limit values for electromagnetic emission and immunity to external electromagnetic fields;
-   the procedure and criteria for testing trucks and their electrical/electronic systems.
This European Standard is not applicable to:
-   non-stacking low-lift straddle carriers;
-   stacking high-lift straddle carriers;
-   any pedestrian propelled trucks, excepted those which are equipped with load handling devices which have electrical powered lifting devices;
-   trucks intended for use in the public domain ) with maximum speed exceeding 30 km/h;
-   positioning system of driverless industrial trucks;
-   interaction between systems on the trucks;
-   interference to on-board radio equipment;
-   equipment connected to AC-mains which is only used when the truck is not being operated (e.g. on board charger).

Flurförderzeuge - Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit

Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Flurförderzeuge, unabhängig von der Energiequelle, wie in ISO 5053 1:2015 definiert, und ihre elektrischen/elektronischen Systeme, die im Wohnbereichen, Geschäfts- und Gewerbebe-reichen sowie in Industriebereichen eingesetzt werden (festgelegt in EN 61000 6 3:2007 und EN 61000 6 2:2005).
Diese Europäische Norm legt fest:
–   Anforderungen und Grenzwerte für die elektromagnetische Störaussendung und Störfestigkeit gegen äußere elektromagnetische Felder;
–   Prüfverfahren und -kriterien für Flurförderzeuge und ihre elektrischen/elektronischen Systeme.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
–   nicht stapelfähige Niederhub-Portalhubwagen;
–   stapelfähige Hochhub-Portalhubwagen;
–   handbetriebene Flurförderzeuge, außer denen, die mit elektrisch betriebenen Hubeinrichtungen ausge-stattet sind;
–   Flurförderzeuge mit einer Höchstgeschwindigkeit über 30 km/h, die für den Einsatz in öffentlichen Bereichen  vorgesehen sind;
–   Positioniersysteme von fahrerlosen Flurförderzeugen;
–   Wechselwirkungen zwischen den Systemen auf Flurförderzeugen;
–   Störeinflüsse auf Funkanlagen im Flurförderzeug;
–   Ausrüstungen, die mit dem Netz verbunden werden und nur arbeiten, wenn das Flurförderzeug nicht in Betrieb ist (z. B. Onboard-Ladegerät).

Chariots de manutention - Compatibilité électromagnétique

Vozila za talni transport - Elektromagnetna združljivost - Dopolnilo A1

Ta evropski standard se uporablja za vozila za talni transport ne glede na vrsto pogona (imenovana samo vozila), kot določa ISO/DIS 5053 1, in njihove električne/elektronske sisteme, ki se uporabljajo v stanovanjskih, poslovnih, manj zahtevnih industrijskih ter industrijskih okoljih (glej EN 61000-6-3:2007 in EN 61000-6-2:2005).
Ta evropski standard določa:
–   zahteve in mejne vrednosti za elektromagnetne emisije in odpornost na zunanja elektromagnetna polja;
–   postopek in merila za preskušanje vozil in njihovih električnih/elektronskih sistemov.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za:
–   nakladalnike za nizko dvigovanje brez zlaganja;
–   nakladalnike za visoko dvigovanje brez zlaganja;
–   ročno gnana vozila, razen tistih, ki so opremljena z napravami za upravljanje tovora in imajo dvižne naprave na električni pogon;
–   vozila, namenjena za uporabo v javnem prevozu z največjo hitrostjo nad 30 km/h;
–   vozila za talni transport brez voznika in njihove sisteme;
–   medsebojni vpliv med sistemi na vozilih;
–   motnje vgrajene radijske opreme;
–   opremo, ki je povezana z električnim omrežjem in se uporablja samo v času, ko vozilo ni upravljano (vgrajeni polnilnik).

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Aug-2019
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
04-Mar-2021
Completion Date
15-Apr-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
01-november-2019
Vozila za talni transport - Elektromagnetna združljivost - Dopolnilo A1
Industrial trucks - Electromagnetic compatibility
Flurförderzeuge - Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
Chariots de manutention - Compatibilité électromagnétique
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
ICS:
33.100.01 Elektromagnetna združljivost Electromagnetic compatibility
na splošno in general
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 33.100.01; 53.060 Supersedes EN 12895:2015
English Version
Industrial trucks - Electromagnetic compatibility

Chariots de manutention - Compatibilité Flurförderzeuge - Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit

électromagnétique

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 July 2015 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 12 February

2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Emission ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.2 Immunity ............................................................................................................................................................ 8

5 Tests ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2 Emission test of electromagnetic fields .................................................................................................. 9

5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.2 Test and measurement equipment ........................................................................................................ 10

5.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.4 Test of the driving system ......................................................................................................................... 11

5.2.5 Test of load handling system with electric motor drive ................................................................ 12

5.2.6 Test of the power steering system with electric motor drive ...................................................... 12

5.2.7 Test of the auxiliary electrical equipment .......................................................................................... 12

5.3 Immunity test against electromagnetic radiation ............................................................................ 12

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Test and measurement equipment ........................................................................................................ 13

5.3.3 Basic test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 13

5.3.4 Test of driving system at zero speed ..................................................................................................... 14

5.3.5 Test of the driving system at low rotational speed .......................................................................... 14

5.3.6 Test of load handling system ................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.7 Test of the electric power steering system ......................................................................................... 15

5.3.8 Test of the auxiliary electrical equipment .......................................................................................... 15

5.4 Immunity test against electrostatic discharge .................................................................................. 15

5.5 Immunity test against auxiliary magnetic field ................................................................................ 16

6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/30/EU [2014 OJ L96] aimed to be covered ........................ 17

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12895:2015+A1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150

“Industrial trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2020, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 12 February 2019.
This document supersedes !EN 12895:2015".

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

!The main changes compared to the previous version are:
− updated normative references;
− new Annex ZA;
− minor typographic corrections."

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative !Annex ZA, which is" an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
Introduction

With the use of electronic devices in areas where industrial trucks operate, there is a need to ensure

that industrial trucks are provided with adequate immunity to external electromagnetic fields. As

industrial trucks are fitted with electrical and electronic devices, there is a need to ensure that emission

of electromagnetic fields from the trucks meets acceptable limits.

High frequency electrical disturbances emerge during the normal operation of many parts of the

industrial trucks and systems. They are generated within a large frequency range with different

electrical characteristics.
Electrostatic discharges are relevant to industrial trucks.

The test methods and acceptance criteria included in this document are suitable for industrial trucks in

view the specific characteristics and the operating parameters of this machinery; the tests have been

designed to reflect the construction of industrial trucks.
Two approaches are described to achieve compliance:
— complete truck tests;

— electrical/electronic systems with the components in the same configuration as in the truck.

In some situations trucks can be foreseen to be used in environments where the level of electro-

magnetic disturbances are likely to exceed the test levels within the scope of this European Standard. In

these situations, levels and/or frequencies outside the specified test parameters will need to be applied.

In addition, many areas are not homogeneous for their EMC classification; for example, hospitals and

airports have areas with different levels of classifications, for the areas outside the generic standard

definitions special rules can be applicable.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard is applicable to industrial trucks, regardless of the power source (called only

trucks) as defined in !ISO 5053-1:2015", and their electrical/electronic systems when used in

residential, commercial, light industry and industrial environments (specified in EN 61000-6-3:2007

and EN 61000-6-2:2005).
This European Standard specifies:

— the requirements and the limit values for electromagnetic emission and immunity to external

electromagnetic fields;

— the procedure and criteria for testing trucks and their electrical/electronic systems.

This European Standard is not applicable to:
— non-stacking low-lift straddle carriers;
— stacking high-lift straddle carriers;

— any pedestrian propelled trucks, excepted those which are equipped with load handling devices

which have electrical powered lifting devices;

— trucks intended for use in the public domain with maximum speed exceeding 30 km/h;

— positioning system of driverless industrial trucks;
— interaction between systems on the trucks;
— interference to on-board radio equipment;

— equipment connected to AC-mains which is only used when the truck is not being operated (e.g. on

board charger).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

!EN 55012:2007 , Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines - Radio disturbance characteristics

- Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers"

!EN 55016-1-1:2010 , Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods — Part-1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus — Measuring apparatus

(CISPR 16-1-1:2010)"

!EN 55016-1-4:2010 , Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods — Part 1-4: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus — Antennas and test sites for

radiated disturbance measurements (CISPR 16-1-4:2010)"

1) For trucks used in the public domain, other specific European Directives and national requirements are to be applied.

!2) This document is impacted by the amendment EN 55012:2007/A1:2009."

!3) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 55016-1-1:2010/A1:2010 and EN 55016-1-1:2010/A2:2014."

---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)

!EN 55016-2-3:2017, Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods - Part 2-3: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Radiated disturbance

measurements"

!EN 61000-4-2:2009", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-2: Testing and measurement

techniques — Electrostatic discharge immunity test (IEC 61000-4-2)

!EN 61000-4-3:2006 ", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-3: Testing and measurement

techniques — Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-3)

!EN 61000-4-8:2010", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-8: Testing and measurement

techniques — Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8)

EN 61000-6-2:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for

industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-2:2005)

!EN 61000-6-3:2007 ", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards —

Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3:2006)

!EN ISO 3691-1:2015", Industrial trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1: Self-

propelled industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks

(ISO 3691-1:2011)

!ISO 5053-1:2015, Industrial trucks - Terminology and classification - Part 1: Types of industrial

trucks"
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in applicable parts of EN ISO 3691

and the following apply.
3.1
test sample

truck and/or electrical/electronic system, electrical machines, system configuration for subjecting to

type test
Note 1 to entry: Motors and generators are examples of electrical machines.

Note 2 to entry: The system configuration is set up with maximum cable and harness lengths.

3.2
electrical/electronic system

electrical/electronic component(s) or a set of components intended to be part of a machine together

with any associated electrical connections and wiring, that performs one or more specialized functions

and operates on its own
Note 1 to entry: Also referred to as system.

!4) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 55016-1-4:2010/A1:2012 and EN 55016-1-4:2010/A2:2017."

!5) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 61000-4-3:2006/A1:2008 and EN 61000-4-3:2006/A2:2010."

!6) This document is impacted by the amendment EN 61000-6-3:2007/A1:2011."
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
3.3
narrowband emission

emission that has a bandwidth less than that of a measuring apparatus or receiver

Note 1 to entry: The bandwidth set at 9 kHz from 0,15 MHz - 30 MHz and 120 kHz above 30 MHz.

Note 2 to entry: Electrical components will radiate emissions of narrow- or broadband type.

3.4
broadband emission

emission that has a bandwidth greater than that of a measuring apparatus or receiver

Note 1 to entry: The bandwidth set at 9 kHz from 0,15 MHz - 30 MHz and 120 kHz above 30 MHz.

Note 2 to entry: High voltage ignition system will radiate broadband emissions.
4 Requirements
4.1 Emission

For trucks/systems the limit values for the electric field at 10 m distance from the truck with an

antenna height of 3 m shall be in accordance with Figure 1.
30 MHz to 75 MHz 34 dB μV/m

75 MHz to 400 MHz 34 dB μV/m to 45 dB μV/m increasing in direct proportion with the

frequency
400 MHz to 1 000 MHz 45 dB μV/m
Key
1 electric field (dB µV/m)
2 frequency (MHz)
Figure 1 — Maximum limits of electromagnetic emissions

For trucks that can be connected to the AC-mains network while operational, in addition to the above

the limits stated in !Table 1 of EN 61000-6-3:2007" shall be met.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
4.2 Immunity

For trucks/systems the immunity to electromagnetic environments shall be above or equal to the limit

values specified in Table 1 when tested in accordance to the test methods specified in Table 1.

Table 1 — Immunity - Enclosure port
Test in
Environmental Limit
Units Normative references accordance
Phenomena values
with clause
1. Truck
1.1 Electromagnetic field: !EN 61000-4-3:2006" 5.3
- Frequency 27 – 1 000 MHz
- Strength 20 V/m
(unmodulated,rms)
- Amplitude 80 % AM (1 kHz)
modulated
1.2 Electromagnetic field: !EN 61000-4-3:2006" 5.3
- Frequency >1,0 – 2,0 GHz
- Strength 3 V/m
(unmodulated,rms)
- Amplitude 80 % AM (1 kHz)
modulated
1.3 Electromagnetic field: !EN 61000-4-3:2006" 5.3
- Frequency > 2,0 – 2,7 GHz
- Strength 1 V/m
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
01-november-2019
Vozila za talni transport - Elektromagnetna združljivost - Dopolnilo A1
Industrial trucks - Electromagnetic compatibility
Flurförderzeuge - Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit
Chariots de manutention - Compatibilité électromagnétique
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
ICS:
33.100.01 Elektromagnetna združljivost Electromagnetic compatibility
na splošno in general
53.060 Industrijski tovornjaki Industrial trucks
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 33.100.01; 53.060 Supersedes EN 12895:2015
English Version
Industrial trucks - Electromagnetic compatibility

Chariots de manutention - Compatibilité Flurförderzeuge - Elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit

électromagnétique

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 July 2015 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 12 February

2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Emission ............................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.2 Immunity ............................................................................................................................................................ 8

5 Tests ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2 Emission test of electromagnetic fields .................................................................................................. 9

5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9

5.2.2 Test and measurement equipment ........................................................................................................ 10

5.2.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 10

5.2.4 Test of the driving system ......................................................................................................................... 11

5.2.5 Test of load handling system with electric motor drive ................................................................ 12

5.2.6 Test of the power steering system with electric motor drive ...................................................... 12

5.2.7 Test of the auxiliary electrical equipment .......................................................................................... 12

5.3 Immunity test against electromagnetic radiation ............................................................................ 12

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Test and measurement equipment ........................................................................................................ 13

5.3.3 Basic test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 13

5.3.4 Test of driving system at zero speed ..................................................................................................... 14

5.3.5 Test of the driving system at low rotational speed .......................................................................... 14

5.3.6 Test of load handling system ................................................................................................................... 15

5.3.7 Test of the electric power steering system ......................................................................................... 15

5.3.8 Test of the auxiliary electrical equipment .......................................................................................... 15

5.4 Immunity test against electrostatic discharge .................................................................................. 15

5.5 Immunity test against auxiliary magnetic field ................................................................................ 16

6 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 16

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of Directive 2014/30/EU [2014 OJ L96] aimed to be covered ........................ 17

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 12895:2015+A1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 150

“Industrial trucks - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2020, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 12 February 2019.
This document supersedes !EN 12895:2015".

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

!The main changes compared to the previous version are:
− updated normative references;
− new Annex ZA;
− minor typographic corrections."

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative !Annex ZA, which is" an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
Introduction

With the use of electronic devices in areas where industrial trucks operate, there is a need to ensure

that industrial trucks are provided with adequate immunity to external electromagnetic fields. As

industrial trucks are fitted with electrical and electronic devices, there is a need to ensure that emission

of electromagnetic fields from the trucks meets acceptable limits.

High frequency electrical disturbances emerge during the normal operation of many parts of the

industrial trucks and systems. They are generated within a large frequency range with different

electrical characteristics.
Electrostatic discharges are relevant to industrial trucks.

The test methods and acceptance criteria included in this document are suitable for industrial trucks in

view the specific characteristics and the operating parameters of this machinery; the tests have been

designed to reflect the construction of industrial trucks.
Two approaches are described to achieve compliance:
— complete truck tests;

— electrical/electronic systems with the components in the same configuration as in the truck.

In some situations trucks can be foreseen to be used in environments where the level of electro-

magnetic disturbances are likely to exceed the test levels within the scope of this European Standard. In

these situations, levels and/or frequencies outside the specified test parameters will need to be applied.

In addition, many areas are not homogeneous for their EMC classification; for example, hospitals and

airports have areas with different levels of classifications, for the areas outside the generic standard

definitions special rules can be applicable.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard is applicable to industrial trucks, regardless of the power source (called only

trucks) as defined in !ISO 5053-1:2015", and their electrical/electronic systems when used in

residential, commercial, light industry and industrial environments (specified in EN 61000-6-3:2007

and EN 61000-6-2:2005).
This European Standard specifies:

— the requirements and the limit values for electromagnetic emission and immunity to external

electromagnetic fields;

— the procedure and criteria for testing trucks and their electrical/electronic systems.

This European Standard is not applicable to:
— non-stacking low-lift straddle carriers;
— stacking high-lift straddle carriers;

— any pedestrian propelled trucks, excepted those which are equipped with load handling devices

which have electrical powered lifting devices;

— trucks intended for use in the public domain with maximum speed exceeding 30 km/h;

— positioning system of driverless industrial trucks;
— interaction between systems on the trucks;
— interference to on-board radio equipment;

— equipment connected to AC-mains which is only used when the truck is not being operated (e.g. on

board charger).
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

!EN 55012:2007 , Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines - Radio disturbance characteristics

- Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of off-board receivers"

!EN 55016-1-1:2010 , Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods — Part-1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus — Measuring apparatus

(CISPR 16-1-1:2010)"

!EN 55016-1-4:2010 , Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods — Part 1-4: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus — Antennas and test sites for

radiated disturbance measurements (CISPR 16-1-4:2010)"

1) For trucks used in the public domain, other specific European Directives and national requirements are to be applied.

!2) This document is impacted by the amendment EN 55012:2007/A1:2009."

!3) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 55016-1-1:2010/A1:2010 and EN 55016-1-1:2010/A2:2014."

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SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)

!EN 55016-2-3:2017, Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods - Part 2-3: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Radiated disturbance

measurements"

!EN 61000-4-2:2009", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-2: Testing and measurement

techniques — Electrostatic discharge immunity test (IEC 61000-4-2)

!EN 61000-4-3:2006 ", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-3: Testing and measurement

techniques — Radiated, radio-frequency, electromagnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-3)

!EN 61000-4-8:2010", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-8: Testing and measurement

techniques — Power frequency magnetic field immunity test (IEC 61000-4-8)

EN 61000-6-2:2005, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for

industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-2:2005)

!EN 61000-6-3:2007 ", Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards —

Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3:2006)

!EN ISO 3691-1:2015", Industrial trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1: Self-

propelled industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-carrier trucks

(ISO 3691-1:2011)

!ISO 5053-1:2015, Industrial trucks - Terminology and classification - Part 1: Types of industrial

trucks"
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in applicable parts of EN ISO 3691

and the following apply.
3.1
test sample

truck and/or electrical/electronic system, electrical machines, system configuration for subjecting to

type test
Note 1 to entry: Motors and generators are examples of electrical machines.

Note 2 to entry: The system configuration is set up with maximum cable and harness lengths.

3.2
electrical/electronic system

electrical/electronic component(s) or a set of components intended to be part of a machine together

with any associated electrical connections and wiring, that performs one or more specialized functions

and operates on its own
Note 1 to entry: Also referred to as system.

!4) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 55016-1-4:2010/A1:2012 and EN 55016-1-4:2010/A2:2017."

!5) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 61000-4-3:2006/A1:2008 and EN 61000-4-3:2006/A2:2010."

!6) This document is impacted by the amendment EN 61000-6-3:2007/A1:2011."
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SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
3.3
narrowband emission

emission that has a bandwidth less than that of a measuring apparatus or receiver

Note 1 to entry: The bandwidth set at 9 kHz from 0,15 MHz - 30 MHz and 120 kHz above 30 MHz.

Note 2 to entry: Electrical components will radiate emissions of narrow- or broadband type.

3.4
broadband emission

emission that has a bandwidth greater than that of a measuring apparatus or receiver

Note 1 to entry: The bandwidth set at 9 kHz from 0,15 MHz - 30 MHz and 120 kHz above 30 MHz.

Note 2 to entry: High voltage ignition system will radiate broadband emissions.
4 Requirements
4.1 Emission

For trucks/systems the limit values for the electric field at 10 m distance from the truck with an

antenna height of 3 m shall be in accordance with Figure 1.
30 MHz to 75 MHz 34 dB μV/m

75 MHz to 400 MHz 34 dB μV/m to 45 dB μV/m increasing in direct proportion with the

frequency
400 MHz to 1 000 MHz 45 dB μV/m
Key
1 electric field (dB µV/m)
2 frequency (MHz)
Figure 1 — Maximum limits of electromagnetic emissions

For trucks that can be connected to the AC-mains network while operational, in addition to the above

the limits stated in !Table 1 of EN 61000-6-3:2007" shall be met.
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SIST EN 12895:2015+A1:2019
EN 12895:2015+A1:2019 (E)
4.2 Immunity

For trucks/systems the immunity to electromagnetic environments shall be above or equal to the limit

values specified in Table 1 when tested in accordance to the test methods specified in Table 1.

Table 1 — Immunity - Enclosure port
Test in
Environmental Limit
Units Normative references accordance
Phenomena values
with clause
1. Truck
1.1 Electromagnetic field: !EN 61000-4-3:2006" 5.3
- Frequency 27 – 1 000 MHz
- Strength 20 V/m
(unmodulated,rms)
- Amplitude 80 % AM (1 kHz)
modulated
1.2 Electromagnetic field: !EN 61000-4-3:2006" 5.3
- Frequency >1,0 – 2,0 GHz
- Strength 3 V/m
(unmodulated,rms)
- Amplitude 80 % AM (1 kHz)
modulated
1.3 Electromagnetic field: !EN 61000-4-3:2006" 5.3
- Frequency > 2,0 – 2,7 GHz
- Strength 1 V/m
...

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