Animal feeding stuffs - Isolation and enumeration of Lactobacillus spp.

This European Standard defines general rules for the enumeration of probiotic lactobacilli in feed samples (additives, premixtures and feeding stuffs) that contain lactobacilli as a single bacterial component or in a mixture with other microorganisms. This standard is not applicable to mineral feeds, which are defined as complementary feeding stuffs composed mainly of minerals and containing at least 40% crude ash (Council Directive 79/373/EEC [3]).
There are different categories of feed samples:
a)   Additives containing about 1010 colony forming units (CFU)/g
b)   Premixtures containing about 108 CFU/g
c)   Feeds, meal or pellets, which contain about 106 CFU/g and include complete feeding stuffs and milk replacers.
The detection limit is as defined in ISO 7218.

Futtermittel - Keimzählung von Lactobacillus spp.

Diese Europäische Norm legt allgemeine Regeln für die Zählung von probiotischen Lactobacillus-Arten in Futtermittelproben (Zusatzstoffe, Vormischungen und Futtermittel) fest, die Lactobacillus-Arten als einzelnen probiotischen Bestandteil oder in einem Gemisch mit anderen probiotischen Mikroorganismen enthalten. Diese Norm ist nicht anwendbar auf mineralische Futtermittel, die als Ergänzungsfuttermittel definiert sind, hauptsächlich aus Mineralien zusammengesetzt sind und mindestens 40 % Rohasche enthalten (Richtlinie 79/373/EWG) [3].
Es gibt unterschiedliche Kategorien von Futtermittelproben:
a) Zusatzstoffe, die etwa 1010 koloniebildende Einheiten (KbE/g) enthalten;
b) Vormischungen, die etwa 108 KbE/g enthalten;
c) Futtermittel, Mehl oder Pellets, die etwa 106 KbE/g enthalten, einschließlich Fertigfuttermittel und Milch-austauscher.
Die Nachweisgrenze entspricht der in EN ISO 7218 festgelegten.

Aliments des animaux - Isolement et dénombrement du Lactobacillus spp.

La présente Norme européenne définit les règles générales de dénombrement des lactobacilles probiotiques dans les échantillons d’aliments (additif, prémélange et aliments des animaux) qui contiennent des lactobacilles comme seul composant bactérien ou dans un mélange comportant d’autres micro-organismes. La présente norme ne s’applique pas aux aliments minéraux définis comme aliments complémentaires constitués principalement de minéraux et contenant au moins 40 % de cendre brute (Directive 79/373/CEE du Conseil [3]).
Il existe différentes catégories d’échantillons d’aliments :
a)   les additifs contenant environ 1010 UFC/g ;
b)   les prémélanges contenant environ 108 UFC/g ;
c)   les aliments, farines ou granulés qui contiennent environ 106 UFC/g et comprennent des aliments complets et des aliments d’allaitement.
Les limites de détection sont telles que définies dans la norme EN ISO 7218.

Krma - Izolacija in štetje domnevno prisotnih Lactobacillus spp

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
01-Sep-2009
Withdrawal Date
23-Nov-2021
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
24-Nov-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Krma - Izolacija in štetje domnevno prisotnih Lactobacillus sppFuttermittel - Keimzählung von Lactobacillus sppAliments des animaux - Isolement et dénombrement du Lactobacillus sppAnimal feeding stuffs - Isolation and enumeration of Lactobacillus spp65.120KrmilaAnimal feeding stuffsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15787:2009SIST EN 15787:2009en,fr,de01-december-2009SIST EN 15787:2009SLOVENSKI
STANDARD



SIST EN 15787:2009



EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15787
September 2009 ICS 65.120 English Version
Animal feeding stuffs - Isolation and enumeration of Lactobacillus spp.
Aliments des animaux - Isolement et dénombrement du Lactobacillus spp.
Futtermittel - Keimzählung von Lactobacillus spp. This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 August 2009.
CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels © 2009 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 15787:2009: ESIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword .3 Introduction .4 1 Scope .5 2 Normative references .5 3 Terms and definitions .5 4 Principle .6 5 Diluent, selective media and phenotypic characterisation .6 6 Apparatus and glassware .8 7 Sampling . 10 8 Preparation of test sample . 10 9 Procedure . 10 10 Expression of results . 12 11 Precision . 12 12 Test report . 13 Annex A (informative) Notes on procedure . 14 Annex B (informative) Results of the interlaboratory study . 15 Bibliography . 17
SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 15787:2009) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 327 “Animal feeding stuffs”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2010. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 4
Introduction This methodology has been developed to enumerate probiotic lactobacilli to enable the European Commission to control proper labelling of animal feeding products (EU project SMT4-CT98-2235 – “Methods for the official control of probiotics (microorganisms) used as feed additives”) [1]. The described methodology was validated in an interlaboratory study [2]. SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 5
1 Scope This European Standard defines general rules for the enumeration of probiotic lactobacilli in feed samples (additives, premixtures and feeding stuffs) that contain lactobacilli as a single bacterial component or in a mixture with other microorganisms. This standard is not applicable to mineral feeds, which are defined as complementary feeding stuffs composed mainly of minerals and containing at least 40% crude ash (Council Directive 79/373/EEC [3]). There are different categories of feed samples: a) Additives containing about 1010 colony forming units (CFU)/g; b) Premixtures containing about 108 CFU/g; c) Feeds, meal or pellets, which contain about 106 CFU/g and include complete feeding stuffs and milk replacers. The detection limit is as defined in EN ISO 7218. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN ISO 6887-1, Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs - Preparation of test samples, initial suspension and decimal dilutions for microbiological examination - Part 1: General rules for the preparation of the initial suspension and decimal dilutions (ISO 6887-1:1999) EN ISO 7218, Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs - General requirements and guidance for microbiological examinations (ISO 7218:2007) ISO 6498, Animal feeding stuffs – Preparation of test samples 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1
lactobacilli (described by their characteristics as used for this standard) lactobacilli are bacteria which form colonies fitting the description of these species on the specified selective medium after incubation of 48 h to 72 h at a temperature of 37 °C under anaerobic conditions [4]: Morpholoy of colonies: a) circular; b) regular or irregular (starry) surrounding; c) convex or conical; d) dull or glistening surface; SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 6 e) translucent, white, pale green, dark green. Colony size varies between 0,5 mm and 3 mm in diameter. Phase contrast microscopic a examination of selected colonies shows that cells are varying from long and slender sometimes bent rods, to short, often coryneform coccobacilli and chain formation is common. NOTE For a detailed account of morphology see [4]. 4 Principle a) Preparation of sterile and dry poured agar plates. b) Drawing a representative test sample under sterile conditions. c) Preparation of the initial suspension to obtain a homogeneous distribution of bacterial cells from the test portion. d) Preparation of further decimal dilutions of the initial suspension in order to reduce the number of microorganisms per unit volume to allow, after incubation, the counting of colonies. e) Inoculation of the prepared plates with an aliquot of the optimum dilutions and dispersion of the inoculum by using a sterile spreader. f) Incubation of inverted plates for 48 h to 72 h at 37 ºC ± 1 ºC, under anaerobic conditions. g) Counting of typical colonies, considering the specific properties of lactobacilli.
h) Morphological verification of isolates within the Lactobacillus genus through the use of microscope analysis. i) Calculation of the colony count per gram or kilogram of feed sample. 5 Diluent, selective media and phenotypic characterisation 5.1 Diluents 5.1.1 Diluent for initial suspension of premixtures, additives and feeding stuffs This diluent is used to decimally dilute the sample to prepare an initial decimally sample suspension (10-1) in appropriate containers (e.g. universals, bottles or flasks).
Phosphate buffered saline (PBS): Dissolve 8 g sodium chloride, 0,2 g potassium chloride, 1,15 g disodium hydrogen phosphate, 0,2 g potassium dihydrogen phosphate, pH 7,3 ± 0,2 in 1 l of distilled water. Aliquote this saline into appropriate containers (e.g. universals, bottles or flasks). Autoclave all capped containers with the initial diluent at 121 °C ± 1 °C for 10 min. To avoid loss during autoclaving, screw cap bottles are recommended. Bring the diluent to room temperature before use. Measure the pH of the diluent to ensure the suitable buffer capacity. SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 7 5.1.2 Diluent for serial dilutions This diluent is used to decimally dilute the initial sample suspension and subsequent dilutions.
Peptone salt solution: A peptone salt solution is made complying with EN ISO 6887-1. Compose the solution of enzymatic digest of 1 g casein such as pancreatic peptone of casein (or peptone of same quality)
and 8,5 g sodium chloride) per liter (l)
distilled water. Dissolve the ingredients in water. Adjust the pH to 7,0 ± 0,2 at 25 °C ± 1 °C. For decimal dilutions, prepare test tubes containing 9,0 ml ±
0,1 ml after sterilisation or use screw cap bottles to avoid weight loss during autoclaving. Sterilise in the autoclave for 15 min at 121 °C ± 1 °C. Bring the diluent to room temperature before use. 5.2 Media 5.2.1 General Four different media are proposed: a) MRS medium; b) MRS supplemented with Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride
(TTC); c) AMRSA: Acidified MRS agar; d) LAMVAB: Lactobacillus Anaerobic MRS with vancomycin and bromocresol green. For routine enumeration of lactobacilli the use of MRS agar will be sufficient assuming that the probiotic strain is present in far higher numbers than any other microorganism. The medium is designed to encourage the growth of the ‘lactic acid bacteria’ such as lactobacilli, enterococci and pediococci. Selection can be made by pH adjustment, as lactobacilli will tolerate a lower pH than enterococci (pH 5,0 to pH 6,5), with pediococci growing best in this range. When enterococci are expected to be present in similar concentrations as lactobacilli, acidified MRS agar (AMRSA) should be used. When lactobacilli in combination with pediococci are expected, MRS agar supplemented with TTC allows differentiation of colonies by different coloration after anaerobic incubation. LAMVAB is a selective medium for lactobacilli. 5.2.2 Composition 5.2.2.1 MRS agar
The composition of the agar per l of distilled water is as follows [5]: 20,0 g dextrose, 10,0 g polypeptone, 10,0 g meat extract, 5,0 g yeast extract, 5,0 g sodium acetate 3xH20, 2,0 g sodium phosphate, 2,0 g tri-ammonium citrate, 1,0 g Tween 80, 0,2 g magnesium sulphate 7xH2O, 0,05 g manganese sulphate 4xH2O, agar 15,0 g, pH 6,2 ± 0,2. 5.2.2.2 MRS agar supplemented with TTC Sterilise MRS agar (5.2.2.1) by autoclaving at 121 °C ± 1 °C for 15 min. Supplement with 1 ml of a filter sterilised 1 g/100 ml water solution of Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride (TTC) per 100 ml MRS agar.
SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 8 5.2.2.3 AMRSA Acidified MRS agar can be obtained by adjusting the pH of MRS agar (see 5.2.2.1) to 5,4 ± 0,1 with HCl prior to autoclaving. 5.2.2.4 LAMVAB The medium consists of three different components:
a) Solution A: MRS broth 104,4 g/l with cysteine hydrochloride (0,5 g/l) and bromocresol green (0,05 g/l).
b) Solution B: Agar 40 g/l.
c) Solution C: 2 mg/ml of vancomycin hydrochloride (potency about 1 000 µg/mg) in distilled water. 5.2.3 Preparation 5.2.3.1 MRS agar Suspend all ingredients in distilled water and sterilise by autoclaving at 121 °C ± 1 °C for 15 min. 5.2.3.2 MRS agar supplemented with TTC Prepare 1 g Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride (TTC) in 100 ml water and filter sterilise. Add 1 ml per 100 ml MRS agar medium (see 5.2.3.1) which is temperated at 48 °C ± 1 °C after autoclaving. NOTE TTC is destroyed by autoclaving. 5.2.3.3 AMRSA Adjust the pH of MRS agar with HCl to 5,4 ± 0,1 prior to autoclaving. Sterilise at 121 °C ± 1 °C for 15 min. 5.2.3.4 LAMVAB Adjust the pH of solution A with HCl to 5,0 ± 0,1. Sterilise solutions A and B at 121 °C ± 1 °C for 15 min. Sterilise solution C by filtration using a 0,2 µm filter. Solution C is stable for at least three months in a fridge. Preparation of the medium involves sterilisation of equal volumes of solutions A and B. Cool solution B down to 50 °C in an incubator or water bath. Cool solution A down to room temperature. Add to 500 ml of this solution A, 10 ml of solution C aseptically. Finally, add solution B to the MRS-vancomycin (A+C) mixture. Pour plates immediately after mixing. This procedure results in a final vancomycin concentration of 20 mg/l. 5.3 Phenotypic characterisation Microscopical observation of the Gram stained microorganism and catalase test identifies the bacteria. A test for catalase is done with a drop of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on a colony. The formation of bubbles is a positive reaction. Only bacteria that are regular, nonsporing Gram-positive rods, catalase negative, and non-obligatory aerobe are considered. 6 Apparatus and glassware Usual microbiological laboratory equipment and, in particular, the following: SIST EN 15787:2009



EN 15787:2009 (E) 9 6.1 Equipment for dry st
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