Adaptation to climate change - Principles, requirements and guidelines (ISO 14090:2019)

This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change. This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions.
This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional, international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units.
This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change adaptation standards.

Anpassung an die Folgen des Klimawandels - Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Leitlinien (ISO 14090:2019)

Dieses Dokument legt Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Leitlinien für die Anpassung an den Klimawandel fest. Dazu gehören die Integration der Anpassung innerhalb von oder zwischen Organisationen, das Verstehen von Auswirkungen und Unsicherheiten und das Wissen darüber, wie dieses Verständnis in Entscheidungen einfließen kann.
Dieses Dokument ist von jeder Organisation, unabhängig von Größe, Art und Beschaffenheit, anwendbar, z. B. lokale, regionale, internationale Organisationen, Geschäftsbereiche, Konglomerate, Wirtschaftsbereiche, Einheiten zur Bewirtschaftung natürlicher Ressourcen.
Dieses Dokument kann die Entwicklung von sektor , aspekt  oder elementspezifischen Standards zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel unterstützen.

Adaptation au changement climatique - Principes, exigences et lignes directrices (ISO 14090:2019)

Le présent document spécifie les principes, les exigences et les lignes directrices relatifs à l'adaptation au changement climatique. Cela inclut l'intégration de l'adaptation dans les organismes et entre les organismes, la compréhension des impacts et des incertitudes et la façon d'utiliser ces informations pour étayer les décisions à prendre.
Le présent document s'applique à tout organisme, quels que soient sa taille, son type et sa nature, par exemple que ce soit au niveau local, national ou international, qu'il s'agisse d'unités opérationnelles, de conglomérats, de secteurs industriels ou encore d'unités de gestion des ressources naturelles.
Le présent document peut étayer l'élaboration de normes d'adaptation au changement climatique spécifiques à un secteur, un aspect ou un élément.

Prilagoditev podnebnim spremembam - Načela, zahteve in smernice (ISO 14090:2019)

Ta standard določa načela, zahteve in smernice za prilagoditev podnebnim spremembam. To vključuje integracijo prilagoditve v organizacijah, razumevanje vplivov in negotovosti, ter kako je te mogoče uporabiti pri odločitvah. Ta dokument se uporablja za vse organizacije, ne glede na velikost, vrsto in naravo, npr. lokalne, regionalne, mednarodne, poslovne enote, konglomerate, industrijske sektorje, enote za upravljanje z naravnimi viri. Ta dokument lahko podpira razvoj standardov za prilagoditev podnebnim spremembam za specifične sektorje, vidike ali elemente.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
02-Jul-2019
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
03-Jul-2019
Completion Date
03-Jul-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
01-november-2019
Prilagoditev podnebnim spremembam - Načela, zahteve in smernice (ISO
14090:2019)
Adaptation to climate change - Principles, requirements and guidelines (ISO
14090:2019)
Anpassung an den Klimawandel - Grundsätze, Anforderungen und Leitlinien (ISO
14090:2019)

Adaptation au changement climatique - Principes, exigences et lignes directrices (ISO

14090:2019)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14090:2019
ICS:
13.020.40 Onesnaževanje, nadzor nad Pollution, pollution control
onesnaževanjem in and conservation
ohranjanje
SIST EN ISO 14090:2019 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
EN ISO 14090
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020.40
English Version
Adaptation to climate change - Principles, requirements
and guidelines (ISO 14090:2019)

Adaptation au changement climatique - Principes, Anpassung an den Klimawandel - Grundsätze,

exigences et lignes directrices (ISO 14090:2019) Anforderungen und Leitlinien (ISO 14090:2019)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 June 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14090:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
EN ISO 14090:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
EN ISO 14090:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 14090:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207

"Environmental management" in collaboration with CCMC.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by January 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14090:2019 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14090:2019 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14090
First edition
2019-06
Adaptation to climate change —
Principles, requirements and
guidelines
Adaptation au changement climatique — Principes, exigences et
lignes directrices
Reference number
ISO 14090:2019(E)
ISO 2019
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2019

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principles ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Change-oriented perspective...................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Flexibility ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Mainstreaming and embedding................................................................................................................................................ 4

4.5 Robustness ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4

4.6 Subsidiarity ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.7 Sustainability ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.8 Synergy between adaptation and mitigation of climate change .................................................................. 5

4.9 Systems thinking ................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

4.10 Transparency ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

4.11 Accountability .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Pre-planning ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6 Assessing climate change impacts including opportunities ................................................................................... 6

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Impact assessment methods ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2.2 Risk assessment ...................................................................... .......................................................................................... 8

6.2.3 Vulnerability assessment .......................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.4 Thresholds analysis ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Assessing adaptive capacity ........................................................................................................................................................ 9

6.4 Identifying opportunities ............................................................................................................................................................10

6.5 Identifying uncertainties .............................................................................................................................................................10

7 Adaptation planning ......................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................10

7.2 Policy, strategy and planning context ...............................................................................................................................11

7.3 Decision-making .................................................................................................................................................................................12

7.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................12

7.3.2 Identification of climate change adaptation actions ......................................................................12

7.3.3 Decision-making approaches .............................................................................................................................13

7.3.4 Short, medium and long lifespan decisions ...........................................................................................13

7.4 Adaptation plan ...................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................14

7.4.2 Scope of the plan and boundaries of the system ...............................................................................14

7.4.3 Baselines ..............................................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.4 Climate change information ................................................................................................................................15

7.4.5 Impacts ..................................................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.6 Adaptive capacity .........................................................................................................................................................15

7.4.7 Climate change adaptation actions ...............................................................................................................15

7.4.8 Implementation, monitoring and evaluation, reporting and communication .........16

7.4.9 Interested parties’ engagement .......................................................................................................................16

8 Implementation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................16

8.1 Leadership and commitment ..................................................................................................................................................16

8.2 Implementation plan ......................................................................................................................................................................16

9 Monitoring and evaluation......................................................................................................................................................................17

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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)

10 Reporting and communication ...........................................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (informative) Using systems thinking to set boundaries for climate change adaptation ...20

Annex B (informative) Thresholds analysis ...............................................................................................................................................24

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................27

iv © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management,

Subcommittee SC 7, Greenhouse gas management and related activities.
This document is the generic standard for adaptation to climate change.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
Introduction

Climate change is impacting organizations in various ways and will continue to do so for decades

to come, owing to greenhouse gases emitted since the start of the Industrial Revolution. The extent

of future climate change will depend on the effectiveness of efforts to limit further emissions of

greenhouse gases and to manage other factors that impact radiative forcing. Therefore, climate change

adaptation is required to reduce the threats and maximize the opportunities presented to organizations

of all kinds by a changing climate.

In November 2016, the Paris Agreement came into force to limit global temperature rise and it

established a global adaptation goal of “enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and

reducing vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and

ensuring an adequate adaptation response in the context of the temperature goal”. Implementation

of the Paris Agreement, along with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) as

agreed in 2015, helps to drive global efforts towards actions that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions

as well as build climate resilience.

Climate change impacts can be direct or indirect and can take various forms such as physical, social,

financial, political, regulatory or reputational, and as such climate change adaptation has a very

broad scope. This document will enable organizations to prioritize and develop effective, efficient and

deliverable adaptation tailored to the specific climate change challenges they face. Its main purpose is

therefore to provide organizations with a consistent, structured and pragmatic approach to prevent

or minimize the harm that climate change could cause and also to take advantage of opportunities.

Applying this approach enables organizations to give appropriate consideration to climate change

adaptation when designing, implementing, improving and updating policies, strategies, plans and

activities.

The application of this document is intended to be performed alongside other organizational priorities.

This includes carrying out all climate change adaptation activities in parallel with, or integrated with,

climate change mitigation activities and other sustainability priorities.

Furthermore, application of this document can assist in demonstrating to interested parties that an

organization’s approach to climate change adaptation is credible. This document can also be of relevance

to individuals and organizations involved in purchasing, investment and insurance when seeking to

understand another organization’s climate change adaptation. It is designed to help organizations

develop measures and report on adaptation activity in a verifiable way.

This document’s approach is relevant to all sizes and types of organizations where their activities,

products and services might be threatened by, or in some cases able to take advantage of, climate

change. The approach within this document is iterative, supporting continual learning and improvement

processes aimed at all scales, from local to multinational organizations, those in the public and private

sectors, voluntary and community organizations, single, small and medium size enterprises. This

document is relevant regardless of the scope of adaptation and can be used in the context of both

incremental change and transformation.

The purposely non-linear nature of this document’s approach allows organizations to adopt its

structure no matter what stage they are at in climate change adaptation, from those just starting out

to those already engaged in adaptation to those choosing to lead the way. Organizations might find

themselves moving back and forth between multiple elements, depending upon the challenges they face

and the lessons they learn from delivery experience. The structure is however logical, iterative and

designed to be applied into the future. The structure covers:
— pre-planning;
— assessing impacts including opportunities;
— adaptation planning;
— implementation;
vi © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
— monitoring and evaluation;
— reporting and communication.
In this document, the following verbal forms are used:
— “shall” indicates a requirement;
— “should” indicates a recommendation;
— “may” indicates a permission;
— “can” indicates a possibility or a capability.
© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved vii
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14090:2019(E)
Adaptation to climate change — Principles, requirements
and guidelines
1 Scope

This document specifies principles, requirements and guidelines for adaptation to climate change.

This includes the integration of adaptation within or across organizations, understanding impacts and

uncertainties and how these can be used to inform decisions.

This document is applicable to any organization, regardless of size, type and nature, e.g. local, regional,

international, business units, conglomerates, industrial sectors, natural resource management units.

This document can support the development of sector-, aspect- or element-specific climate change

adaptation standards.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org
3.1
adaptation to climate change
climate change adaptation
process of adjustment to actual or expected climate (3.4) and its effects

Note 1 to entry: In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities.

Note 2 to entry: In some natural systems, human intervention can facilitate adjustment to expected climate and

its effects.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.2
adaptive capacity

ability of systems, institutions, humans, and other organisms to adjust to potential damage, to take

advantage of opportunities, or to respond to consequences
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.3
adaptive management

process of iteratively planning, implementing and modifying strategies for managing resources in the

face of uncertainty and change

Note 1 to entry: Adaptive management involves adjusting approaches in response to observations of their effects

and changes in the system brought on by resulting feedback effects and other variables.

© ISO 2019 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
[SOURCE: IPCC, 2014]
3.4
climate

statistical description of weather in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a

period of time ranging from months to thousands or millions of years

Note 1 to entry: The classical period for averaging these variables is 30 years, as defined by the World

Meteorological Organization.

Note 2 to entry: The relevant quantities are most often near-surface variables such as temperature, precipitation

and wind.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.5
climate change

change in climate (3.4) that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer

Note 1 to entry: Climate change can be identified by such means as statistical tests (e.g. on changes in the mean,

variability).

Note 2 to entry: Climate change might be due to natural processes, internal to the climate system, or external

forcings such as modulations of the solar cycles, volcanic eruptions, and persistent anthropogenic changes in the

composition of the atmosphere or in land use.
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.6
exposure

presence of people, livelihoods, species or ecosystems, environmental functions, services, resources,

infrastructure, or economic, social or cultural assets in places and settings that could be affected

Note 1 to entry: Exposure can change over time, for example as a result of land use change.

[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.7
hazard
potential source of harm

Note 1 to entry: The potential for harm can be in terms of loss of life, injury or other health impacts, as well

as damage and loss to property, infrastructure, livelihoods, service provision, ecosystems and environmental

resources.

Note 2 to entry: In this document, the term usually refers to climate-related physical events or trends or their

physical impacts.

Note 3 to entry: Hazard comprises slow-onset developments (e.g. rising temperatures over the long term) as well

as rapidly developing climatic extremes (e.g. a heatwave or a landslide) or increased variability.

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014, 3.2, modified — Notes 1 and 2 to entry have been added to reflect the

definition of "hazard" in IPCC, 2014: Annex II: Glossary. Note 3 to entry has been added.]

2 © ISO 2019 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14090:2019
ISO 14090:2019(E)
3.8
impact
effect on natural and human systems

Note 1 to entry: In the context of climate change (3.5), the term "impact" is used primarily to refer to the effects on

natural and human systems of extreme weather and climate events and of climate change. Impacts generally refer

to effects on lives, livelihoods, health, ecosystems, economies, societies, cultures, services and infrastructure due

to the interaction of climate change or hazardous climate events occurring within a specific time period and the

vulnerability (3.15) of an exposed society or system. Impacts are also referred to as consequences and outcomes.

The impacts of climate change on geophysical systems, including floods, droughts and sea level rise, are a subset

of impacts called "physical impacts".
[SOURCE: Adapted from IPCC, 2014]
3.9
indicator

quantitative, qualitative or binary variable that can be measured or described, in response to a defined

criterion
[SOURCE: ISO 13065:2015, 3.27]
3.10
interested party

person or organization (3.11) that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision

or activity

EXAMPLE Customers, communities, suppliers, regulators, non-governmental organizations, investors,

employees and academia.

Note 1 to entry: To “perceive itself to be affected” means the perception has been made known to the organization.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.6, modified — "academia" has been added to the example.]

3.11
organization

person or group of people that has its own functions with responsibilities, authorities and relationships

to achieve its objectives

Note 1 to entry: The concept of organization includes, but is not limited to sole-trader, company, corporation, firm,

enterprise, authority, partnership, charity or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether incorporated

or not, public or private.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2015, 3.1.4]
3.12
risk
effect of uncertainty

Note 1 to entry: An effect is a deviation from the expected. It can be positive, negative or both. An

...

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