Corrosion of metals and alloys - Accelerated cyclic tests with exposure to acidified salt spray, ''dry'' and ''wet'' conditions (ISO 16151:2005)

ISO 16151:2005 specifies two accelerated corrosion-test procedures, Methods A and B, for the comparative evaluation of metallic materials with or without permanent corrosion protection or temporary corrosion protection in outdoor salt/acid rain environments. It also specifies the apparatus used. The two tests involve cyclic exposure of the specimens to acidified salt spray, dry and wet conditions.

Korrosion von Metallen und Legierungen - Schnellprüfungen unter wechselnder Einwirkung von saurem Salzsprühnebel, ''trockenen'' und ''feuchten'' Bedingungen (ISO 16151:2005)

In dieser Internationalen Norm werden für Schnellkorrosionsversuche die beiden Verfahren A und B festgelegt, die einen Vergleich von metallischen Werkstoffen mit oder ohne ständigen Korrosionsschutz oder mit temporärem Korrosionsschutz nach Freiluftbewitterung mit Einwirkung von salzigem/saurem Regen zulassen. Auch die verwendeten Prüfgeräte werden festgelegt. Die beiden Prüfungen beinhalten eine zyklisch wechselnde Beanspruchung der Probe durch sauren Salzsprühnebel, durch „trockene“ und durch „feuchte“ Bedingungen.
Der besondere Vorteil der beiden Verfahren gegenüber herkömmlichen Schnellkorrosionsversuchen, z. B. dem neutralen Salzsprühtest (NSS) nach ISO 9227, besteht in der besseren Reproduzierbarkeit der Korrosion unter Freiluftbedingungen mit Einwirkung von salzigem/saurem Regen. Die Verfahren bieten auch Vorteile bei der Bewertung der kosmetischen Korrosion.
Verfahren A gilt für:
   Metalle und ihre Legierungen;
   Metallüberzüge (kathodisch);
   anodische Oxidschichten und
   organische Beschichtungen auf metallischen Werkstoffen.
Verfahren B gilt für:
   Stahl, der mit anodischen Schutzschichten beschichtet ist und
   Stahl, der mit anodischen Schutzschichten und mit Konversionsdeckschichten beschichtet ist.

Corrosion des métaux et alliages - Essais cycliques accélérés avec exposition au brouillard salin acidifié, en conditions ''sèches'' et en conditions ''humides'' (ISO 16151:2005)

L'ISO 16151:2005 spécifie deux modes opératoires d'essai de corrosion accélérée, à savoir les méthodes A et B, pour l'évaluation comparative des matériaux métalliques, revêtus ou non d'une protection permanente ou temporaire contre la corrosion dans des environnements extérieurs salins et/ou de pluie acide. Elle spécifie également l'appareillage utilisé. Les deux essais impliquent une exposition cyclique des éprouvettes à un brouillard salin acidifié, dans des conditions «sèches» et «humides».

Korozija kovin in zlitin - Pospešeni (stopnjevani) ciklični preskusi z izpostavljanjem kislo-slanemu pršenju v suhih in vlažnih pogojih (ISO 16151:2005)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
15-Apr-2008
Withdrawal Date
24-Jul-2018
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Completion Date
25-Jul-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 16151:2008
01-julij-2008
.RUR]LMDNRYLQLQ]OLWLQ3RVSHãHQL VWRSQMHYDQL FLNOLþQLSUHVNXVL]

L]SRVWDYOMDQMHPNLVORVODQHPXSUãHQMXYVXKLKLQYODåQLKSRJRMLK ,62

Corrosion of metals and alloys - Accelerated cyclic tests with exposure to acidified salt

spray, "dry" and "wet" conditions (ISO 16151:2005)
Corrosion des métaux et alliages - Essais cycliques accélérés avec exposition au

brouillard salin acidifié, en conditions "seches" et en conditions "humides" (ISO

16151:2005)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 16151:2008
ICS:
77.060 Korozija kovin Corrosion of metals
SIST EN ISO 16151:2008 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 16151
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2008
ICS 77.060
English Version
Corrosion of metals and alloys - Accelerated cyclic tests with
exposure to acidified salt spray, ''dry'' and ''wet'' conditions (ISO
16151:2005)

Corrosion des métaux et alliages - Essais cycliques Korrosion von Metallen und Legierungen -

accélérés avec exposition au brouillard salin acidifié, en Schnellprüfungen unter wechselnder Einwirkung von

conditions ''sèches'' et en conditions ''humides'' (ISO saurem Salzsprühnebel, ''trockenen'' und ''feuchten''

16151:2005) Bedingungen (ISO 16151:2007)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 March 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 16151:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
EN ISO 16151:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
EN ISO 16151:2008 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 16151:2005 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 156 “Corrosion of metals and

alloys” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO

16151:2008 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 262 “Metallic and other inorganic coatings” the secretariat of

which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2008, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by October 2008.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 16151:2005 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 16151:2008 without any modification.

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 16151
First edition
2005-10-15
Corrosion of metals and alloys —
Accelerated cyclic tests with exposure
to acidified salt spray, “dry” and “wet”
conditions
Corrosion des métaux et alliages — Essais cycliques accélérés avec
exposition au brouillard salin acidifié, en conditions «sèches» et en
conditions «humides»
Reference number
ISO 16151:2005(E)
ISO 2005
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 16151:2005(E)
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ii © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 16151:2005(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Test solution.......................................................................................................................................... 2

3.1 Method A................................................................................................................................................ 2

3.1.1 Preparation of acidic 5 % sodium chloride solution ......................................................................... 2

3.2 Method B................................................................................................................................................ 3

3.2.1 Preparation of the mixed salt solution ............................................................................................... 3

3.2.2 Preparation of the acidic solution....................................................................................................... 3

3.2.3 Preparation of the acidified-salt solution........................................................................................... 3

4 Apparatus .............................................................................................................................................. 4

4.1 Exposure cabinet.................................................................................................................................. 4

4.2 Humidity and temperature control ...................................................................................................... 4

4.3 Spraying device .................................................................................................................................... 4

4.4 Air saturator .......................................................................................................................................... 4

4.5 Collecting devices ................................................................................................................................ 4

4.6 Air dryer ................................................................................................................................................. 5

4.7 Exhaust system..................................................................................................................................... 5

4.8 Drain system ......................................................................................................................................... 5

5 Test specimens ..................................................................................................................................... 5

6 Arrangement of the test specimens.................................................................................................... 5

7 Operating conditions............................................................................................................................ 6

8 Continuity of tests ................................................................................................................................ 8

9 Duration of tests ................................................................................................................................... 8

10 Treatment of specimens after test ...................................................................................................... 8

11 Evaluation of results............................................................................................................................. 8

12 Test report ............................................................................................................................................. 9

Annex A (informative) Relationship between amount of acidic stock solution added to mixed salt

solution and pH of the resulting acidified-salt solution ................................................................. 10

Annex B (informative) Typical apparatus for accelerated cyclic tests with exposure to acidified

salt spray, “dry” and “wet” conditions............................................................................................. 11

Annex C (informative) Method of evaluation of the corrosivity of the chamber........................................ 13

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 15

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 16151:2005(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 16151 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 156, Corrosion of metals and alloys.

iv © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
ISO 16151:2005(E)
Introduction

Corrosion of metallic materials, with or without corrosion protection, is influenced by many environmental

factors, the importance of which may vary with the type of metallic material and with the type of environment.

It is impossible, therefore, to design accelerated laboratory corrosion tests in such a way that all

environmental factors influencing resistance to corrosion are taken into account. Laboratory tests are,

therefore, designed to simulate the effects of the most important factors, which enhance the corrosion of

metallic materials.

The accelerated corrosion-test methods described in this International Standard are designed to simulate and

enhance the environmental influence on a metallic material to outdoor climates, where exposure to acid rain

and to salt-contaminated conditions occur and may promote corrosion. It has been prepared by reference to

technical papers and reports (see the Bibliography).

The test methods involve cyclic exposure of test specimens to a mist of acidified-salt solution, to drying

conditions, and to periods of high humidity. However, the methods are mainly intended for comparative testing

and the results obtained do not permit far-reaching conclusions on the corrosion resistance of the tested

metallic material under the whole range of environmental conditions in which they may be used. Nevertheless,

the methods provide valuable information on the relative performance of materials exposed to salt/acid rain

environments similar to those employed in the test.
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 16151:2005(E)
Corrosion of metals and alloys — Accelerated cyclic tests with
exposure to acidified salt spray, “dry” and “wet” conditions
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies two accelerated corrosion-test procedures, Methods A and B, for the

comparative evaluation of metallic materials with or without permanent corrosion protection or temporary

corrosion protection in outdoor salt/acid rain environments. It also specifies the apparatus used. The two tests

involve cyclic exposure of the specimens to acidified salt spray, “dry” and “wet” conditions.

The particular advantages of the two tests over conventional accelerated tests, such as the neutral salt spray

test (NSS) as specified in ISO 9227 lie in their better ability to reproduce the corrosion that occurs in outdoor

salt/acid rain environments. They are also useful for evaluating cosmetic corrosion.

Method A applies to
⎯ metals and their alloys,
⎯ metallic coatings (cathodic),
⎯ anodic oxide coatings, and
⎯ organic coatings on metallic materials.
Method B applies to
⎯ steel coated with anodic coatings, and
⎯ steel coated with anodic coatings covered with conversion coatings.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4628-1:2003, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity

and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 1: General introduction and

designation system

ISO 4628-2:2003, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity

and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 2: Assessment of degree of

blistering

ISO 4628-3:2003, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity

and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 3: Assessment of degree of

rusting
© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 16151:2005(E)

ISO 4628-4:2003, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity

and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 4: Assessment of degree of

cracking

ISO 4628-5:2003, Paints and varnishes — Evaluation of degradation of coatings — Designation of quantity

and size of defects, and of intensity of uniform changes in appearance — Part 5: Assessment of degree of

flaking

ISO 8407:1991 , Corrosion of metals and alloys — Removal of corrosion products from corrosion test

specimens

ISO 8993:1989, Anodized aluminium and aluminium alloys — Rating system for the evaluation of pitting

corrosion — Chart method
ISO 9227:1990 , Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres — Salt spray tests

ISO 10289:1999, Method for corrosion testing of metallic and other inorganic coatings on metallic substrate —

Rating of test specimens and manufactured articles subjected to corrosion tests

ISO 11130:1999, Corrosion of metals and alloys — Alternate immersion test in salt solution

3 Test solution

The following clauses give instructions for the preparation and use of the solutions used in Methods A and B.

3.1 Method A
3.1.1 Preparation of acidic 5 % sodium chloride solution
3.1.1.1 Neutral 5 % sodium chloride solution

A sufficient mass of sodium chloride shall be dissolved in distilled or deionized water, with a conductivity not

higher than 20 µS/cm at 25 °C ± 2 °C, to produce a concentration of 50 g/l ± 5 g/l. The specific gravity range

for a 50 g/l ± 5 g/l solution shall be 1,029 to 1,036 at 25 °C.

The sodium chloride shall contain less than 0,001 % mass fraction of copper and less than 0,001 % mass

fraction of nickel, as determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry or another analytical method of

similar sensitivity. It shall not contain more than 0,1 % mass fraction of sodium iodide, or more than a mass

fraction of total impurities of 0,5 % calculated for dry salt.

If the pH of the prepared solution, measured at 25 °C ± 2 °C, is outside the range 6,0 to 7,0, investigate the

presence of undesirable impurities in the salt and/or the water.
3.1.1.2 Acidification

The pH of the solution shall be adjusted to a value of 3,5 ± 0,1 at 25 °C ± 2 °C, by adding the following

reagents to 10 litres of the prepared neutral 5 % sodium chloride solution as follows:

⎯ 12 ml of nitric acid (HNO , ρ = 1,42 g/ml);
⎯ 17,3 ml of sulfuric acid (H SO , ρ = 1,84 g/ml);
2 4

⎯ a sufficient quantity of 10 % mass fraction of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution, to adjust the pH of the

solution to 3,5 ± 0,1 (about 300 ml will be required).
1) Under revision.
2 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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ISO 16151:2005(E)
3.2 Method B
3.2.1 Preparation of the mixed salt solution

The mass of reagent shown in Table 1 shall be dissolved in distilled or deionized water, with a conductivity not

higher than 20 µS/cm at 25 °C ± 2 °C, to produce a stock solution with a concentration of 36 g/l ± 3,6 g/l. It

shall be diluted by 1:6 to produce a mixed salt solution with a concentration of 6,0 g/l ± 0,6 g/l.

The composition of the stock solution is the same as a typical synthetic ocean water shown in

ISO 11130:1999, Annex A, A.3 Test solution for simulating the corrosive effects of ocean water.

Table 1 — Composition and concentration
of a stock solution for a mixed salt solution
Concentration
Reagents
g/l
NaCl 24,53
MgCl 5,20
Na SO 4,09
2 4
CaCl 1,16
KCl 0,695
NaHCO 0,201
KBr 0,101
H BO 0,027
3 3
SrCl 0,025
NaF 0,003
WARNING — Handling of SrCl and NaF can be hazardous
and shall be resticted to skilled chemists or conducted under
their control.
3.2.2 Preparation of the acidic solution

To prepare the acidic solution, 16,2 g of concentrated nitric acid (HNO , ρ = 1,40 g/ml, with a mass fraction of

HNO equal to 0,65) and 42,5 g of sulfuric acid (H SO , ρ = 1,84 g/ml, with a mass fraction of H SO equal to

3 2 4 2 4

0,96) shall be dissolved in water and diluted to a total volume of 1 litre to make 1 N acid solution with respect

– 2–
to nitric acid and sulfuric acid at an equivalent ratio of [NO ]/[SO ] of 0,4.
3 4
3.2.3 Preparation of the acidified-salt solution

The prepared acidic solution from 3.2.2 shall be added to the mixed salt solution from 3.2.1 to adjust the pH to

2,5 ± 0,1 at 25 °C ± 2 °C.

NOTE The relationship between the amount of mixed acidic solution from 3.2.2 and the pH of the acidified-salt

solution is shown in Annex A. This solution, with pH value near to 2,5, would have a no-buffering action.

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 16151:2005(E)
4 Apparatus

All components in contact with the spray or the test solution shall be made of, or lined with, materials which

are resistant to corrosion by the test solution and which do not influence the corrosivity of the sprayed test

solution. The apparatus shall include the components described in the following subclauses.

4.1 Exposure cabinet

The exposure cabinet shall have a minimum capacity of 0,4 m . For large-capacity cabinets, during periods of

exposure to acidified salt spray, it shall be ensured that the necessary condition of homogeneity and

distribution of spray are met. The upper parts of the cabinet shall be designed so that drops of sprayed

solution formed on its surface do not fall on the specimens being tested.

The size and shape of the cabinet shall be such that, during periods of exposure to salt mist spray, the rate of

collection of solution in the cabinet is within the limits specified in 7.2.

NOTE A schematic diagram of one possible design of exposure cabinet and associated apparatus for accelerated

cyclic tests with exposure to acidified salt spray, “dry” and “wet” conditions is shown in Annex B.

4.2 Humidity and temperature control

An appropriate system shall be used to maintain the cabinet and its contents at the specified temperature and

humidity (see 7.1). The temperature shall be measured at a position at least 100 mm from the walls of the

cabinet.
4.3 Spraying device

The device for spraying the acidified-salt solution shall comprise a supply of clean air, of controlled pressure

and humidity, a reservoir containing the solution to be sprayed, and one or more atomizers.

The compressed air supplied to the atomizers shall be passed through a filter to remove all traces of oil or

solid matter, and the atomizing pressure shall be at an overpressure of 70 kPa to 170 kPa, and preferably

98 kPa constant.
4.4 Air saturator

In order to prevent evaporation of water from the sprayed droplets, the air shall be humidified before entering

the atomizer, by passage through a saturation tower containing hot water at a temperature several degrees

Celsius higher than that of the cabinet.

During periods of exposure to the acidified-salt solution mist, the appropriate temperature depends on the

pressure used and on the type of atomizer nozzle and shall be adjusted so that the rate of collection of spray

in the cabinet, and the concentration of the collected spray, are kept within the specified limits (see 7.2). The

level of water shall be maintained automatically to ensure adequate humidification.

The atomizers shall be made of inert material, for example glass or plastic materials. Baffles may be used to

prevent direct impact of spray on the test specimens and the use of a modern mist dispersion tower is

preferable in obtaining constant distribution of spray within the cabinet. The level of the acidified-salt solution

in the supply tank shall be maintained automatically to ensure constant spray delivery throughout the test.

4.5 Collecting devices

At least two suitable collecting devices shall be available, consisting of clean funnels with a collecting area of

approximately 80 cm , made of glass or other chemically inert material, with the stems inserted into graduated

cylinders or other similar containers. The purpose of the collecting devices is to confirm that the collection rate

is within specified limits (see 7.2). They shall be placed in the zone of the cabinet where the test specimens

are placed, at least one close to the spray inlet and one remote from the inlet and in such a way that only

spray, and not the liquid falling from specimens or from parts of the cabinet, is collected.

4 © ISO 2005 – All rights reserved
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ISO 16151:2005(E)
4.6 Air dryer

A heating device and fan shall supply dried air of the specified humidity during “dry” periods (see Tables 2

and 3).
4.7 Exhaust system

The system by which air is exhausted from the spray cabinet shall not be influenced by the back pressure of

the atmosphere when the air is released at a point outside the building. It is preferred that the apparatus has a

means to properly treat the fog prior to releasing it outside the building (see Annex B).

4.8 Drain system

An appropriate system to treat the drain water shall be provided, so that the solution is not directly discharged

into the drainage system (see Annex B).
5 Test specimens

5.1 The number and type of test specimens shall be selected according to the specification for the material

or product being tested. When not so specified, these details shall be mutually agreed between the interested

parties.

5.2 The test specimens shall be carefully cleaned prior to testing so as to remove those traces (dirt, oil or

other foreign matter), which could influence the result. The cleaning method employed shall depend on the

nature of the material, its surface and the contaminants, but shall not include the use of any abrasives or

solvents which may attack the surface of the specimens.

For metals or alloy without organic coatings, and inorganic coating materials, the specimens shall be

thoroughly cleaned with an appropriate organic solvent (hydrocarbon, with a boiling point between 60 °C

and 120 °C) using a clean soft brush or an ultrasonic cleaning device. The cleaning shall be carried out in a

vessel full of solvent. After cleaning, the specimens shall be rinsed with fresh solvent, then dried.

Unless otherwise specified, specimens intentionally coated with protective organic films should not be cleaned

prior to the test. If cleaning is necessary, specimens shall be wiped with gauze impregnated with ethanol,

taking care not to damage the surface of the specimens.

Care shall be taken that specimens are not contaminated after cleaning by careless handling.

5.3 If the test specimens are cut from a larger coated article, cutting shall be carried out in such a way that

the coating is not damaged in the area adjacent to the cut. Unless otherwise specified, the cut edges shall be

adequately protected by coating them with a suitable material, stable under the conditions of the test, such as

paint, wax or adhesive tape.
6 Arrangement of the test specimens

6.1 The test specimens shall be placed in the cabinet so that they are not in the direct line of travel of spray

from the atomizer.

6.2 If the cabinet is not full of test specimens, it is recommended to fill it with inert flat dummy specimens of

the same size as a reference specimen, in order to ensure uniformity of the spray. The material used shall be

plastics, glass, or other inert insulating materials, which would not influence corrosion of the test specimens

being tested.

6.3 The angle at which the surfaces of the test specimens are exposed in the cabinet is very important. The

specimen shall, in principle, be flat and placed in the cabinet facing upwards at an angle as close as possible

© ISO 2005 – All rights reserved 5
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
ISO 16151:2005(E)

to 20° to the vertical. This angle shall, in all cases, be within limits 15° to 25°. In the case of irregular surfaces,

for example entire components, these limits shall be adhered to as closely as possible.

6.4 The test specimens shall be arranged so that they do not come into contact with the cabinet and so that

the surfaces to be tested are exposed to free downward falling of spray. The specimens may be placed at

different levels within the cabinet, as long as the solution does not drip from specimens or their supports at

one level onto specimens placed below them. However, for a new examination, or for tests with a total

duration exceeding 96 h, location permutation of specimens is permitted. In this case, the number and

frequency of the permutations are left to the operator and shall be indicated in the test report.

6.5 The supports for the test specimens sha
...

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