Agricultural machinery - Safety - Part 11: Pick-up balers (ISO 4254-11:2010)

ISO 4254-11:2010, intended to be used together with ISO 4254-1, specifies the safety requirements and their verification for the design and construction of self-propelled and trailed pick-up balers, including the combination of pick-up balers with wrappers, independent of the shape or size of the bales formed. It describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse of these machines by one person (the operator) in the course of normal operation and service. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices to be provided by the manufacturer.
ISO 4254-11:2010, taken together with ISO 4254-1, deals with all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events relevant to self-propelled and trailed pick-up balers, including the combination of pick-up balers with wrappers, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
ISO 4254-11:2010 is not applicable to pedestrian-controlled round balers, environmental hazards, road safety, vibration and hazards related to moving parts for power transmission. It is not applicable to hazards related to maintenance or repairs carried out by professional service personnel.

Landmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 11: Sammelpressen ISO 4254-11:2010)

Dieser Teil von ISO 4254, der zusammen mit ISO 4254-1 anzuwenden ist, enthält sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und deren Überprüfung für Gestaltung und Konstruktion von selbstfahrenden und gezogenen Sammelpressen, einschließlich der Kombinationen von Sammelpressen mit Ballenwicklern, unabhängig von der Form oder der Größe der hergestellten Ballen. Sie beschreibt Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung oder Verminderung von Gefährdungen, die sich aus der bestimmungsgemäßen Verwendung und der vernünftiger-weise vorhersehbaren Fehlanwendung dieser Maschinen durch eine Person (Bedienungsperson) im Rahmen des normalen Betriebes und der Wartung ergeben. Zusätzlich legt sie fest, welche Informationen über sicheres Arbeiten vom Hersteller zur Verfügung zu stellen sind. Wenn Anforderungen dieses Teils von ISO 4254 von den in ISO 4254-1 festgelegten Bestimmungen abweichen, haben die Anforderungen von diesem Teil von ISO 4254 Vorrang gegenüber den Bestimmungen von ISO 4254-1 für Maschinen, die nach den Bestimmungen von diesem Teil von ISO 4254 konstruiert und gebaut sind. Dieser Teil von ISO 4254 zusammen mit ISO 4254-1 behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen (wie in Tabelle 1 aufgeführt), Gefährdungssituationen und -ereignisse von selbstfahrenden und gezogenen Sammelpressen, einschließlich der Kombinationen von Sammelpressen mit Ballenwicklern, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter den vom Hersteller vorgesehenen Bedingungen der vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Fehlanwendung verwendet werden (siehe Abschnitt 4). Dieser Teil von ISO 4254 gilt nicht für handgeführte Rundballenpressen, Umweltgefährdungen, Straßenverkehrssicherheit, Schwingungen und Gefährdungen im Zusammenhang mit bewegten Teilen der Kraftübertragung. Sie gilt nicht für Gefährdungen im Zusammenhang mit Wartung und Reparatur, durchgeführt von professionellem Servicepersonal. ANMERKUNG Besondere Anforderungen in Bezug auf Straßenverkehrsvorschriften werden in diesem Teil von ISO 4254 nicht berücksichtigt. Dieser Teil von ISO 4254 gilt nicht für Maschinen, die vor dem Veröffentlichungsdatum hergestellt wurden.

Matériel agricole - Sécurité - Partie 11: Ramasseuses-presses (ISO 4254-11:2010)

L'ISO 4254-11:2010, destinée à être utilisée conjointement avec l'ISO 4254-1, spécifie les exigences de sécurité et leur vérification pour la conception et la construction des ramasseuses-presses automotrices et traînées, y compris les ramasseuses-presses combinées à une enrubanneuse, indépendamment de la forme ou des dimensions des balles réalisées. Elle décrit des méthodes pour l'élimination ou la réduction de phénomènes dangereux inhérents à l'utilisation normale et à la mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisible de ces machines par une personne (l'opérateur) durant le fonctionnement normal et l'entretien. En outre, elle spécifie le type d'informations que le fabricant doit donner sur les pratiques d'utilisation sûre.
L'ISO 4254-11:2010, utilisée conjointement avec l'ISO 4254-1, traite tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs, situations dangereuses significatives et événements dangereux significatifs inhérents aux ramasseuses-presses automotrices et traînées, y compris les ramasseuses-presses combinées à une enrubanneuse, lorsqu'elles sont utilisées normalement et lorsqu'elles font l'objet d'un mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisible par le fabricant.
L'ISO 4254-11:2010 n'est pas applicable aux presses à balles rondes à conducteur à pied, aux phénomènes dangereux liés à l'environnement, à la sécurité routière, aux vibrations et aux phénomènes dangereux liés aux éléments mobiles de transmission. Elle n'est pas applicable aux phénomènes dangereux liés aux opérations de maintenance ou de réparation, qui doivent être effectuées par des professionnels habilités.

Kmetijski stroji - Varnost - 11. del: Pobiralne naprave pri balirkah (ISO 4254-11:2010)

Ta del ISO 4254, ki je namenjen uporabi skupaj z ISO/FDIS 4254-1:2004, določa varnostne zahteve in njihovo preverjanje pri načrtovanju in izdelavi samognanih in vlečenih pobiralnih naprav pri balirkah, neodvisnih od oblike ali velikosti nastalih bal. Poleg tega ta dokument določa vrste podatkov o varnih delovnih postopkih (vključno s preostalimi tveganji), ki jih mora zagotoviti proizvajalec.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Dec-2010
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
15-Dec-2010
Completion Date
15-Dec-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
01-junij-2011
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 704:1999+A1:2009
Kmetijski stroji - Varnost - 11. del: Pobiralne naprave pri balirkah (ISO 4254-
11:2010)
Agricultural machinery - Safety - Part 11: Pick-up balers (ISO 4254-11:2010)
Landmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 11: Sammelpressen (ISO 4254-11:2010)
Matériel agricole - Sécurité - Partie 11: Ramasseuses-presses (ISO 4254-11:2010)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 4254-11:2010
ICS:
65.060.50 Oprema za spravilo pridelkov Harvesting equipment
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 4254-11
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
December 2010
ICS 65.060.50 Supersedes EN 704:1999+A1:2009
English Version
Agricultural machinery - Safety - Part 11: Pick-up balers
(ISO 4254-11:2010)

Matériel agricole - Sécurité - Partie 11: Ramasseuses- Landmaschinen - Sicherheit - Teil 11: Sammelpressen ISO

presses (ISO 4254-11:2010) 4254-11:2010)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 December 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 4254-11:2010: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
EN ISO 4254-11:2010 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA .............................................................................................................................................................5

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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
EN ISO 4254-11:2010 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 4254-11:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 23 “Tractors and

machinery for agriculture and forestry” in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 144 “Tractors and

machinery for agriculture and forestry” the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by June 2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 704:1999+A1:2009.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of the Machinery Directive

2006/42/EC. It is intended to be used together with EN ISO 4254-1:2009, Agricultural machinery  Safety 

Part 1: General requirements (ISO 4254-1:2008), and EN 15811:2009, Agricultural machinery  Guards for

moving parts of power transmission  Guard opening with tool (ISO/TS 28923:2007 modified).

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

The following major changes were introduced:

 deletion of the reference to prEN 1553:1998, Agricultural machinery  Agricultural self-propelled,

mounted, semi-mounted and trailed machines  Common safety requirements, and replacement with

EN ISO 4254-1:2009, Agricultural machinery  Safety  Part 1: General requirements

(ISO 4254-1:2008);

 deletion of the requirements related to the guarding of moving parts for power transmission dealt with in

EN 15811:2009, Agricultural machinery  Guards for moving parts of power transmission  Guard

opening with tool (ISO/TS 28923:2007 modified);

 inclusion in the Scope of combination of pick-up balers with wrappers (and new requirements from 5.2.7

to 5.2.7.2.4);

 new requirements for feeding elements designed as augers (5.2.3.1, second sentence, and new 5.2.3.2);

 new requirements on automatic starting systems (5.2.4);
 new requirements on manual feeding of twine (5.2.5);
 new requirements on changing of knives (5.2.6);

 modification on requirements against hazards related to clearing blockages (5.4.1.1 and 5.4.1.2);

 new requirements on bale ejection door (5.4.2.1 second sentence and 5.4.2.2).

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
EN ISO 4254-11:2010 (E)

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 4254-11:2010 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 4254-11:2010 without any

modification.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
EN ISO 4254-11:2010 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive 2006/42/EC on machinery.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been

implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of

this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the

relevant Essential Requirements, except Essential Requirements 1.1.4, 1.1.7, 1.1.8 (self-propelled machines

only), 1.2.1, 1.2.4, 1.2.6, 1.3.2, 1.3.8.1, 1.4.2.1 (2nd paragraph), 1.5.5 (self-propelled machines only), 1.5.8,

1.5.9, 1.7.4.2 u), 3.3.2, 3.3.3, 3.4.3 and 3.6.3.1 of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling

within the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 4254-11
First edition
2010-12-15
Agricultural machinery — Safety —
Part 11:
Pick-up balers
Matériel agricole — Sécurité —
Partie 11: Ramasseuses-presses
Reference number
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
ISO 2010
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ............................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope......................................................................................................................................................1

2 Normative references............................................................................................................................1

3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................2

4 List of significant hazards ....................................................................................................................2

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures..............................................................................4

5.1 General ...................................................................................................................................................4

5.2 Requirements for all types of balers ...................................................................................................4

5.3 Requirements for rectangular balers ..................................................................................................8

5.4 Requirements for round balers..........................................................................................................12

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ............................................13

7 Information for use..............................................................................................................................13

7.1 Operator's manual...............................................................................................................................13

7.2 Marking.................................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 4254-11 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 23, Tractors and machinery for agriculture and

forestry, Subcommittee SC 7, Equipment for harvesting and conservation.

For the purposes of global relevance, the requirements related to the guarding of moving parts for power

transmission have been transferred and published as two separate Technical Specifications:

ISO/TS 28923:2007 (Guard opening with tool) and ISO/TS 28924:2007, which include the requirements taken

from both 4.6 and Annex C of ISO 4254-1:2008.

ISO 4254 consists of the following parts, under the general title Agricultural machinery — Safety:

⎯ Part 1: General requirements
⎯ Part 5: Power-driven soil-working machines
⎯ Part 6: Sprayers and liquid fertilizer distributors
⎯ Part 7: Combine harvesters, forage harvesters and cotton harvesters
⎯ Part 8: Solid fertilizer distributors
⎯ Part 9: Seed drills
⎯ Part 10: Rotary tedders and rakes
⎯ Part 11: Pick-up balers
⎯ Part 12: Rotary disc and drum mowers and flail mowers
⎯ Part 13: Large rotary mowers

Part 2, Anhydrous ammonia applicators, has been withdrawn; Part 3, Tractors, has been cancelled and is to

be replaced by ISO 26322 (all parts), Tractors for agriculture and forestry — Safety; and Part 4, Forestry

winches, has been cancelled and replaced by ISO 19472, Machinery for forestry — Winches — Dimensions,

performance and safety.
1) Under preparation.
iv © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Introduction
The structure of safety standards in the field of machinery is as follows:

a) type-A standards (basic standards) giving basic concepts, principles for design, and general aspects that

can be applied to machinery;

b) type-B standards (generic safety standards) dealing with one or more safety aspects or one or more

types of safeguards that can be used across a wide range of machinery:

⎯ type-B1 standards on particular safety aspects (e.g. safety distances, surface temperature, noise);

⎯ type-B2 standards on safeguards (e.g. two-hand controls, interlocking devices, pressure-sensitive

devices, guards);

c) Type-C standards (machinery safety standards) dealing with detailed safety requirements for a particular

machine or group of machines.
This document is a type-C standard as stated in ISO 12100.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the Scope of this part of ISO 4254. These hazards are specific to self-propelled and

trailed pick-up balers, including the combination of pick-up balers with wrappers.

Significant hazards that are common to all the agricultural machines (self-propelled ride-on, mounted, semi-

mounted and trailed) are dealt with in ISO 4254-1.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type-C standard.

© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Agricultural machinery — Safety —
Part 11:
Pick-up balers
1 Scope

This part of ISO 4254, intended to be used together with ISO 4254-1, specifies the safety requirements and

their verification for the design and construction of self-propelled and trailed pick-up balers, including the

combination of pick-up balers with wrappers, independent of the shape or size of the bales formed. It

describes methods for the elimination or reduction of hazards arising from the intended use and reasonably

foreseeable misuse of these machines by one person (the operator) in the course of normal operation and

service. In addition, it specifies the type of information on safe working practices to be provided by the

manufacturer.

When requirements of this part of ISO 4254 are different from those which are stated in ISO 4254-1, the

requirements of this part of ISO 4254 take precedence over the requirements of ISO 4254-1 for machines that

have been designed and built according to the requirements of this part of ISO 4254.

This part of ISO 4254, taken together with ISO 4254-1, deals with all the significant hazards (as listed in

Table 1), hazardous situations and events relevant to self-propelled and trailed pick-up balers, including the

combination of pick-up balers with wrappers, when they are used as intended and under the conditions of

misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer (see Clause 4).

This part of ISO 4254 is not applicable to pedestrian-controlled round balers, environmental hazards, road

safety, vibration and hazards related to moving parts for power transmission. It is not applicable to hazards

related to maintenance or repairs carried out by professional service personnel.

NOTE Specific requirements related to road traffic regulations are not taken into account in this part of ISO 4254.

This part of ISO 4254 is not applicable to machines manufactured before the date of its publication.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 3600:1996, Tractors, machinery for agriculture and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment —

Operator's manuals — Content and presentation
ISO 4254-1:2008, Agricultural machinery — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 11684:1995, Tractors, machinery for agricultural and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment —

Safety signs and hazard pictorials — General principles

ISO 12100:—, Safety of machinery —General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

2) To be published.
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)

ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs

ISO 14982:1998, Agricultural and forestry machinery — Electromagnetic compatibility — Test methods and

acceptance criteria
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 12100 and ISO 4254-1 apply.

4 List of significant hazards

Table 1 specifies the significant hazards, the significant hazardous situations and significant hazardous events

that have been identified by risk assessment as being significant for this type of machine, covered by this part

of ISO 4254, and which may require specific action by the designer or manufacturer to eliminate or reduce the

risk.

Attention is drawn to the necessity to verify that the safety requirements specified in this part of ISO 4254

apply to each significant hazard presented by a given machine and to validate that the risk assessment is

complete.

Table 1 — List of significant hazards associated with self-propelled and trailed pick-up balers,

including the combination of pick-up balers with wrappers
Clause/subclause Clause/subclause of
Hazard Hazardous situation and event
No.
of ISO 4254-1:2008 this part of ISO 4254
A.1 Mechanical hazards

A.1.1 Crushing Manual feeding; uncontrolled movements of the 4.7; 4.8; 4.14.1; 5.1; 5.2; 5.3; 5.4; 7.1;

drawbar; contact with pick-up device; contact 4.14.3; 4.14.5; 7.2
with feeding elements; contact with the flywheel 4.14.6; 5.2; 6.4
or other moving parts, ejection of the bale

A.1.2 Shearing Manual feeding; uncontrolled movements of the 4.7; 4.8; 4.14.1; 5.1; 5.2; 5.3; 5.4; 7.1;

drawbar; contact with pick-up device; contact 4.14.3; 4.14.5; 7.2
with feeding elements; contact with the 4.14.6; 5.2; 6.4
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts

A.1.3 Cutting or Manual feeding; contact with pick-up device; 4.7 5.1; 5.2; 5.3; 5.4; 7.1;

severing contact with feeding elements; contact with the 7.2
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts

A.1.4 Entanglement Manual feeding; contact with pick-up device; 6.4; 4.7 5.1; 5.2; 5.3; 5.4; 7.1;

contact with feeding elements; contact with the 7.2
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts

A.1.5 Drawing-in or Manual feeding; contact with pick-up device; 6.4; 4.7 5.1; 5.2; 5.3; 5.4; 7.1;

trapping contact with feeding elements; contact with the 7.2
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts

A.1.6 Impact Manual feeding; uncontrolled movements of the 4.14.5; 4.14.6; 5.1; 5.2; 5.3; 5.4; 7.1;

drawbar; contact with pick-up device; contact 5.1.3.1 7.2
with feeding elements; contact with the
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts
2 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Clause/subclause Clause/subclause of
No. Hazard Hazardous situation and event
of ISO 4254-1:2008 this part of ISO 4254

A.1.7 Stabbing or Manual feeding; contact with pick-up device; 4.7 5.1; 5.3.4; 7.1; 7.2

puncture contact with feeding elements; contact with the
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts

A.1.8 Friction or Manual feeding; contact with pick-up device; 4.4.3; 5.1.3.2; 4.9.1; 5.1; 5.3.1; 7.1; 7.2

abrasion contact with feeding elements; contact with the 4.5.1.1.2
flywheel, knotting mechanism or other moving
parts

A.1.9 High-pressure Ejection due to excessive pressure in the hoses 4.10; 6.5 7.1

fluid injection
A.1.10 Ejection of parts Ejection of the bales — 5.3.6; 5.4.2
A.5 Hazards generated by materials and substances
A.5.2 Fire or explosion 4.12; 5.1.6; 5.5 7.1
A.6 Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in machinery design
A.6.6 Human error, 4.4; 8.1; 8.2 7.1; 7.2.3
human behaviour
A.6.7 Inadequate
4.4; 5.1.3; 6.1; 8.1; 5.2.4.2; 5.2.7.1;
design, location or 8.2 5.3.4.6; 5.4.1.2; 6;
identification 7.2.3.3
manual controls
A.7 Combination of hazards
A.7.1 Manual operation 8.1.3 7.1
of individual
assemblies;
Missing or 7.2
insufficient
information about
manual operation
of individual
assemblies and, if
required, use of
special tools in
the operator's
manual
A.7.2 Safety signs and 8.2 7.2.3
signals
A.7.3 Essential 4.8; 4.14; 8.1.3 7.1; 7.2
equipment and
accessories for
safe adjusting
and/or
maintaining
A.8 Unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun/overspeed
A.8.1 Failure/disorder 4.8.2; 5.1.8; 6.1.1 5.2.7.1; 5.2.7.2;
of the control 5.3.1; 5.3.3; 5.3.4.6
system

A.11 Failure of power Starting and stopping devices 4.8.2; 5.1.8; 6.1.1 5.2.4; 5.4.1; 5.4.2

supply
A.13 Errors of fitting 6.2; 6.3; 8.1; 8.2 7.1; 7.2
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Table 1 (continued)
Clause/subclause Clause/subclause of
No. Hazard Hazardous situation and event
of ISO 4254-1:2008 this part of ISO 4254
A.14 Guards and 4.7 7.1
barriers
Supports 4.8 7.2
A.21 Lack of stability 6.2; 8.1.3 7.1.4
A.22 Due to the power source and to the transmission of power
A.22.3 Hazards from 6.3; 8.1.3 —
coupling and
towing
With reference to ISO 4254-1:2008, Table A.1.
5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures
5.1 General

5.1.1 Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In

addition, the machine shall be designed in accordance with the principles of ISO 12100:—, Clause 4, for

hazards relevant, but not significant, which are not dealt with by this part of ISO 4254.

5.1.2 Except where otherwise specified in this part of ISO 4254, the machine shall comply with the

requirements of ISO 4254-1 and with Tables 1, 3, 4 and 6 of ISO 13857:2008 as appropriate.

5.1.3 Machinery shall comply with ISO 14982 for evaluating the electromagnetic compatibility.

5.2 Requirements for all types of balers
5.2.1 Drawbar

When the drawbar has separate positions, for transport and for working, it shall be provided with a mechanical

or hydraulic locking device that requires an intentional action to change from transport to working position and

from working to transport position (e.g. pin, latch or hydraulic cylinder). When a hydraulic device is used, the

drawbar shall remain locked in position if the hydraulic circuit fails or else the requirements of 4.8.3 of

ISO 4254-1:2008 shall apply.
5.2.2 Pick-up device

Protection against inadvertent contact with the pick-up device shall be provided by parts of the machine,

guards, barriers or a combination of these. The position of parts which may be adjustable shall always remain

within the limits specified in 5.2.2.1. The projection on a horizontal plane of these protective devices shall be

continuous.

NOTE Requirements for the strength of barriers and guards are given in ISO 4254-1:2008, Annex C.

5.2.2.1 When the pick-up device is in the working position as defined in the operator's manual, these

barriers shall be:

⎯ a minimum of 230 mm in front of the most forward point of the tine path and at a height, h, as low as

practicable between 300 mm and 1 000 mm above the ground, as defined in Figure 1;

⎯ a minimum of 150 mm from the sides of the tine path at a maximum height above the ground of 500 mm

(see Figure 1). If the tine path is totally covered by a part of the machine when viewed from the side, as

defined and shown in Figure 2, this barrier is not required.
4 © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)

5.2.2.2 When the pick-up device is in the working position, side guards, if fitted, shall be located in

accordance with Figure 2.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 barrier
Tine path.

NOTE This figure illustrates an example of protective devices complying with 5.2.2.

Figure 1 — Guarding of the pick-up device definable by a combination of barriers
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 fixed guard or part of the machine
2 barrier
Tine path.

NOTE This figure illustrates an example of protective devices complying with 5.2.2.

Figure 2 — Guarding of the pick-up device definable by a combination of barriers and fixed guards or

parts of the machine
5.2.3 Feeding elements

5.2.3.1 Crushing and shearing points located at a distance of less than 550 mm from the outer limit of the

machine or from the extreme edges of the feeding channel shall be guarded against inadvertent contact and

shall meet the requirements as defined in ISO 13857. In case the elements to convey the crop laterally are

designed as augers, the guard above the auger shall extend forward from the rear of the auger to at least the

longitudinal axis of the auger as shown in Figure 3. Devices other than augers shall be guarded on top in a

comparable manner to meet the requirements as specified in ISO 13857.

5.2.3.2 A lateral fixed guard partially covering the auger and a distance barrier, in combination with

barriers as defined in 5.2.2.1, are deemed to meet the requirements of 5.2.3.1 when the dimensions of

Figure 3 are respected.
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SIST EN ISO 4254-11:2011
ISO 4254-11:2010(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 barrier
2 barrier, as defined in 5.2.2.1
3 lateral rigid fixed guard
4 rear covering above the auger
5 feeding auger
6 pick-up
Figure 3 — Guarding of the feeding elements
5.2.4 Automatic starting systems
5.2.4.1 Systems with moving components that are engaged b
...

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