Cycles - Electrically power assisted cycles - EPAC Bicycles

This European Standard applies to EPAC bicycles for private and commercial use with exception of EPAC intended for hire from unattended station.
This European Standard is intended to cover all common significant hazards, hazardous situations and events (see Clause 4) of electrically power assisted bicycles, when used as intended and under condition of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.
This European Standard is intended to cover electrically power assisted bicycles of a type which have a maximum continuous rated power of 0,25 kW, of which the output is progressively reduced and finally cut off as the EPAC reaches a speed of 25 km/h, or sooner, if the cyclist stops pedalling.
This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for engine power management systems, electrical circuits including the charging system for the design and assembly of electrically power assisted bicycles and sub-assemblies for systems having a rated voltage up to and including 48 V d.c. or integrated battery charger with a nominal 230 V a.c. input.
This European Standard specifies safety and safety related performance requirements for the design, assembly, and testing of EPAC bicycles and subassemblies intended for use on public roads, and lays down guidelines for instructions on the use and care of such bicycles.
This European Standard applies to EPAC bicycles that have a maximum saddle height of 635 mm or more and that are intended for use on public roads.
This European Standard is not applicable to EPACs which are manufactured before the date of its publication as EN.

Fahrräder - Elektromotorisch unterstützte Räder - EPAC

Cycles - Cycles à assistance électrique - Bicyclettes EPAC

La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux bicyclettes à assistance électrique (EPAC) à usage privé et commercial, à l'exception des cycles destinés à la location dans une station sans surveillance.
La présente Norme européenne est destinée à traiter de tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs, situations et événements dangereux (voir Article 4) relatifs aux bicyclettes à assistance électrique, lorsqu'elles sont utilisées dans des conditions normales et dans des conditions de mauvaise utilisation raisonnablement prévisibles par le fabricant.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux bicyclettes à assistance électrique d’une puissance nominale continue maximale de 0,25 kW, dont l’alimentation est réduite progressivement et finalement interrompue lorsque la bicyclette atteint une vitesse de 25 km/h, ou plus tôt, si le cycliste arrête de pédaler.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux systèmes de gestion de la puissance du moteur, aux circuits électriques y compris au système de chargement pour la conception et l’assemblage des bicyclettes à assistance électrique et des sous-ensembles dédiés à des systèmes présentant une tension nominale allant jusqu’à 48 Vdc inclus ou intégrant un chargeur de batterie avec une entrée de 230 Vac nominal.
La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité et de performance liée à la sécurité à observer lors de la conception, de l’assemblage et des essais des bicyclettes à assistance électrique destinées à une utilisation sur la voie publique et de leurs sous-ensembles, et précise les lignes directrices concernant l'utilisation et l'entretien de celles-ci.
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux bicyclettes à assistance électrique destinées à une utilisation sur la voie publique sur lesquelles la selle peut être réglée pour offrir une hauteur maximale de selle supérieure ou égale à 635 mm.
La présente Norme européenne n'est pas applicable aux EPAC qui sont fabriqués avant la date de sa publication comme EN.

Kolesa - Kolesa z električnim pomožnim pogonom - Kolesa EPAC

Ta evropski standard je namenjen obravnavi koles z električnim pomožnim pogonom, ki imajo največjo trajno nazivno moč 0,25 kW, pri čemer se izhodna moč postopno zmanjšuje in končno prekine, ko vozilo doseže hitrost 25 km/h ali prej, če kolesar preneha poganjati pedale. Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za oceno načrta in montaže koles z električnim pomožnim pogonom ter podsklopov za sisteme, ki uporabljajo akumulator z enosmerno napetostjo do 48 V ali integrirani polnilnik akumulatorja z vhodno močjo 230 V. Ta evropski standard določa zahteve in preskusne metode za sisteme upravljanja porabe motorja, električne tokokroge, vključno s sistemom polnjenja, za oceno načrta in montaže koles z električnim pomožnim pogonom ter podsklopov za sisteme, ki uporabljajo akumulator z enosmerno napetostjo do vključno 48 V ali integrirani polnilnik akumulatorja z vhodno močjo 230 V.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Oct-2017
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
04-Oct-2017
Completion Date
04-Oct-2017

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 15194:2017
01-december-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 15194:2009+A1:2012
.ROHVD.ROHVD]HOHNWULþQLPSRPRåQLPSRJRQRP.ROHVD(3$&
Cycles - Electrically power assisted cycles - EPAC Bicycles
Fahrräder - Elektromotorisch unterstützte Räder - EPAC
Cycles - Cycles à assistance électrique - Bicyclettes EPAC
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 15194:2017
ICS:
43.120 (OHNWULþQDFHVWQDYR]LOD Electric road vehicles
43.150 Kolesa Cycles
SIST EN 15194:2017 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 15194:2017
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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2017
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 43.120; 43.150 Supersedes EN 15194:2009+A1:2011
English Version
Cycles - Electrically power assisted cycles - EPAC Bicycles

Cycles - Cycles à assistance électrique - Bicyclettes Fahrräder - Elektromotorisch unterstützte Räder -

EPAC EPAC
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 May 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 15194:2017 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 5

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 16

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16

4.2 Electrical requirements ............................................................................................................................. 16

4.2.1 Electric circuit ............................................................................................................................................... 16

4.2.2 Controls and symbols ................................................................................................................................. 16

4.2.3 Batteries .......................................................................................................................................................... 16

4.2.4 Battery charger ............................................................................................................................................. 17

4.2.5 Electric cables and connections .............................................................................................................. 17

4.2.6 Wiring ............................................................................................................................................................... 18

4.2.7 Power cables and conduits ....................................................................................................................... 18

4.2.8 External and internal electrical connections ..................................................................................... 18

4.2.9 Moisture resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 18

4.2.10 Mechanical strength test ........................................................................................................................... 19

4.2.11 Maximum speed for which the electric motor gives assistance .................................................. 19

4.2.12 Start-up assistance mode .......................................................................................................................... 20

4.2.13 Power management .................................................................................................................................... 21

4.2.14 Maximum power measurement — Measurement at the engine shaft ...................................... 22

4.2.15 Electro Magnetic Compatibility ............................................................................................................... 23

4.2.16 Failure mode .................................................................................................................................................. 23

4.2.17 Anti-tampering measure ........................................................................................................................... 23

4.3 Mechanical requirements ......................................................................................................................... 24

4.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 24

4.3.2 Sharp edges .................................................................................................................................................... 25

4.3.3 Security and strength of safety-related fasteners ............................................................................ 25

4.3.4 Protrusions ..................................................................................................................................................... 26

4.3.5 Brakes............................................................................................................................................................... 26

4.3.6 Steering ............................................................................................................................................................ 39

4.3.7 Frames .............................................................................................................................................................. 50

4.3.8 Front fork ........................................................................................................................................................ 59

4.3.9 Wheels and wheel/tyre assembly .......................................................................................................... 67

4.3.10 Rims, tyres and tubes .................................................................................................................................. 71

4.3.11 Front mudguard ............................................................................................................................................ 73

4.3.12 Pedals and pedal/crank drive system .................................................................................................. 75

4.3.13 Drive-chain and drive belt ........................................................................................................................ 82

4.3.14 Chain-wheel and belt-drive protective device ................................................................................... 83

4.3.15 Saddles and seat-posts ............................................................................................................................... 87

4.3.16 Spoke protector ............................................................................................................................................ 93

4.3.17 Luggage carriers ........................................................................................................................................... 93

4.3.18 Road-test of a fully-assembled EPAC ..................................................................................................... 93

4.3.19 Lighting systems and reflectors .............................................................................................................. 94

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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)

4.3.20 Warning device .............................................................................................................................................. 95

4.3.21 Thermal hazards ........................................................................................................................................... 95

4.3.22 Performance levels (PLrs) for control system of EPACs ................................................................. 95

4.4 List of significant hazards .......................................................................................................................... 95

5 Marking, labelling ......................................................................................................................................... 96

5.1 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................... 96

5.2 Durability test ................................................................................................................................................ 97

5.2.1 Requirement ................................................................................................................................................... 97

5.2.2 Test method .................................................................................................................................................... 97

6 Instruction for use ........................................................................................................................................ 97

Annex A (informative) Example of recommendation for battery charging ......................................... 100

Annex B (informative) Example of relation between speed, torque and current ............................. 101

Annex C (normative) Electromagnetic compatibility of EPAC and ESA................................................. 104

C.1 Conditions applying to EPAC and to electrical/electronic sub-assemblies (ESA) .............. 104

C.1.1 Marking ......................................................................................................................................................... 104

C.1.2 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 104

C.2 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from EPA .............................. 108

C.2.1 Measuring equipment .............................................................................................................................. 108

C.2.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................. 109

C.2.3 Measurement .............................................................................................................................................. 109

C.3 Method of measuring narrow band electromagnetic radiation from EPAC ......................... 109

C.3.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 109

C.3.2 Antenna type, position and orientation ............................................................................................ 109

C.4 Methods of testing EPAC immunity to electromagnetic radiation ........................................... 110

C.4.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 110

C.4.2 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................ 110

C.4.3 Test conditions ........................................................................................................................................... 110

C.4.4 State of the EPAC during the tests ........................................................................................................ 110

C.4.5 Type, position and orientation of the field generator .................................................................. 111

C.4.6 Requisite test and condition .................................................................................................................. 112

C.4.7 Generation of the requisite field strength ........................................................................................ 112

C.4.8 Inspection and monitoring equipment .............................................................................................. 114

C.5 Method of measuring broad-band electromagnetic radiation from separate technical

units (ESA) .................................................................................................................................................... 114

C.5.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 114

C.5.2 State of the ESA during the test ............................................................................................................. 114

C.5.3 Antenna type, position and orientation ............................................................................................ 114

C.6 Method of measuring narrow-band electromagnetic radiation from separate

technical units (ESAs)............................................................................................................................... 114

C.6.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 114

C.6.2 Test conditions ........................................................................................................................................... 114

C.6.3 State of the ESA during the tests ........................................................................................................... 114

C.6.4 Antenna type, position and orientation ............................................................................................ 114

C.7 Methods of testing the ESA immunity to electromagnetic radiation ...................................... 115

C.7.1 General .......................................................................................................................................................... 115

C.7.2 Expression of results ................................................................................................................................ 115

C.7.3 Test conditions ........................................................................................................................................... 115

C.7.4 State of the ESA during the tests ........................................................................................................... 115

C.7.5 Requisite test and condition .................................................................................................................. 115

C.7.6 Generation of the requisite field strength ........................................................................................ 116

C.7.7 Inspection and monitoring equipment .............................................................................................. 116

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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)

C.8 ESD test .......................................................................................................................................................... 117

Annex D (informative) Steering geometry ....................................................................................................... 118

Annex E (normative) Dummy fork characteristics ....................................................................................... 119

Annex F (informative) Explanation of the method of least squares for obtaining line of best

fit and ± 20 % limit lines for braking performance linearity ..................................................... 121

Annex G (normative) Fork mounting fixture .................................................................................................. 124

Annex H (informative) Wheel/tyre assembly - Fatigue test ...................................................................... 125

H.1 Requirements .............................................................................................................................................. 125

H.2 Test method ................................................................................................................................................. 125

Annex I (normative) Light, warning device, on/off symbols ..................................................................... 127

Annex J (informative) Walk assist mode symbols ......................................................................................... 128

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............................................. 129

Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................... 134

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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 15194:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 333 “Cycles”, the

secretariat of which is held by UNI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 15194:2009+A1:2011.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

Compared to the previous edition, this standard has been revised to align it to the essential applicable

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC (Machinery Directive).

This standard also includes all mechanic requirements applicable to the EPACs and is therefore a stand-

alone document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)
Introduction

This European Standard gives requirements for electrically power assisted cycles (EPAC).

This European Standard has been developed in response to demand throughout Europe. Its aim is to

provide a standard for the assessment of electrically powered cycles of a type which are excluded from

type approval by Regulation (EU) No 168/2013.

Due to the limitation of the voltage to 48 V d.c., there are no special requirements applicable to the

EPAC in regard to protection against electrical hazards.

Following the completion of a risk analysis, the focus in this standard is on EPAC as bicycles for city and

trekking. Folding bicycles are included.

This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100. The machinery concerned and the extent

to which hazards, hazardous situations and hazardous events covered are indicated in the scope of this

document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.

In real life situation an EPAC can fall over to the side causing the battery holder to break without

damage to the battery case itself. While the standard contains a strength test for the battery an

additional test is required for the situation described. This will be considered at the next revision. The

battery holder needs to withstand this realistic and typical situation. Risk assessment carried out by the

manufacturer should identify suitable measures to deal with this situation until it can be dealt with in

the standard.
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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard applies to EPAC bicycles for private and commercial use with exception of

EPAC intended for hire from unattended station.

This European Standard is intended to cover all common significant hazards, hazardous situations and

events (see Clause 4) of electrically power assisted bicycles, when used as intended and under condition

of misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

This European Standard is intended to cover electrically power assisted bicycles of a type which have a

maximum continuous rated power of 0,25 kW, of which the output is progressively reduced and finally

cut off as the EPAC reaches a speed of 25 km/h, or sooner, if the cyclist stops pedalling.

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for engine power management

systems, electrical circuits including the charging system for the design and assembly of electrically

power assisted bicycles and sub-assemblies for systems having a rated voltage up to and including

48 V d.c. or integrated battery charger with a nominal 230 V a.c. input.

This European Standard specifies safety and safety related performance requirements for the design,

assembly, and testing of EPAC bicycles and subassemblies intended for use on public roads, and lays

down guidelines for instructions on the use and care of such bicycles.

This European Standard applies to EPAC bicycles that have a maximum saddle height of 635 mm or

more and that are intended for use on public roads.

This European Standard is not applicable to EPACs which are manufactured before the date of its

publication as EN.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 22248:1992, Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Vertical impact test by dropping

(ISO 2248:1985)

EN 55012:2007, Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines — Radio disturbance characteristics —

Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers (CISPR 12:2007)

EN 55016-1-1:2010, Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and

methods — Part 1-1: Radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus — Measuring apparatus

(CISPR 16-1-1:2010)

EN 55025:2008, Vehicles, boats and internal combustion engines — Radio disturbance characteristics —

Limits and methods of measurement for the protection of on-board receivers (CISPR 25:2008)

EN 60034-1:2010, Rotating electrical machines — Part 1: Rating and performance (IEC 60034-1:2010,

modified)

EN 60068-2-75:2014, Environmental testing — Part 2-75: Tests — Test Eh: Hammer tests (IEC 60068-2-

75:2014)

EN 60335-1:2012, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60335-1:2010, modified)
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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)

HD 60364-5-52:2011, Low-voltage electrical installations — Part 5-52: Selection and erection of

electrical equipment — Wiring systems (IEC 60364-5-52:2009, modified)

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 61000-4-2:2009, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 4-2: Testing and measurement

techniques — Electrostatic discharge immunity test (IEC 61000-4-2:2008)

EN ISO 7010:2012, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs — Registered safety signs

(ISO 7010:2011)

EN ISO 11243:2016, Cycles — Luggage carriers for bicycles — Requirements and test methods

(ISO 11243:2016)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

ISO 5775-1:2014, Bicycle tyres and rims — Part 1: Tyre designations and dimensions

ISO 5775-2:2015, Bicycle tyres and rims — Part 2: Rims

ISO 6742-1:2015, Cycles -- Lighting and retro-reflective devices — Part 1: Lighting and light signalling

devices

ISO 6742-2:2015, Cycles — Lighting and retro-reflective devices — Part 2: Retro-reflective devices

ISO 9633:2001, Cycle chains — Characteristics and test methods

ISO 11451-1:2015, Road vehicles — Vehicle test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-1:2015, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 1: General principles and terminology

ISO 11452-2:2004, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 2: Absorber-lined shielded enclosure

ISO 11452-3:2016, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 3: Transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell

ISO 11452-4:2011, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 4: Harness excitation methods

ISO 11452-5:2002, Road vehicles — Component test methods for electrical disturbances from narrowband

radiated electromagnetic energy — Part 5: Stripline
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SIST EN 15194:2017
EN 15194:2017 (E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
cycle

vehicle that has at least two wheels and is propelled solely or mainly by the muscular energy of the

person on that vehicle, in particular by means of pedals
3.2
bicycle

two-wheeled vehicle that is propelled solely or mainly by the muscular energy of the person on that

vehicle, in particular by means of pedals
3.3
electrically power assisted cycle
EPAC

cycle, equipped with pedals and an auxiliary electric motor, which cannot be propelled exclusively by

means of this auxiliary electric motor, except in the start-up assistance mode
3.4
city and trekking bicycle

bicycle designed for use on public roads primarily for means of transportation or leisure

3.5
mountain-bicycle

bicycle designed for use off-road on rough terrain, on public roads and on public pathways equipped

with a suitably strengthened frame and other components, and, typically, wi
...

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