Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Competence of personnel

This European Standard defines the activities related to refrigerating circuits and the associated competence profiles and establishes procedures for assessing the competence of persons who carry out these activities.
NOTE    As a refrigerating circuit is considered not to incorporate electrical and electronic systems, activities in this area are not part of this standard. For competences on electrical and electronic systems, it is recommended to refer to national regulations or appropriate European or national standards. This European Standard does not apply to persons carrying out work on self contained refrigerating systems as defined in EN 378-1 from the initial design of the product to the complete manufacture of the product, provided the process is controlled and the methods used are checked by an organisation or individual, responsible for the compliance with statutory requirements on health, safety and environment.

Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen - Sachkunde von Personal

Diese Europäische Norm definiert die Tätigkeiten im Zusammenhang mit Kältemittelkreisläufen sowie die zugehörigen Sachkundeprofile und legt die Vorgehensweise zum Beurteilen der Sachkunde von Personen fest, die diese Tätigkeiten ausführen. ANMERKUNG Da von einem Kältemittelkreislauf angenommen wird, dass er keine elektrischen und elektronischen Systeme einschließt, sind Tätigkeiten in diesem Bereich kein Bestandteil der vorliegenden Norm. Bezüglich der Sachkunde zu elektrischen und elektronischen Systemen ist es erforderlich, auf die nationalen Bestimmungen oder die zutreffenden Europäischen oder nationalen Normen zu verweisen. Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Personen, die Arbeiten an Kältesätzen nach EN 378-1, von der Vorplanung des Produkts bis zur kompletten Fertigstellung des Produkts verrichten, sofern der Ablauf von einer Organisation oder Einzelperson überwacht und die angewendeten Verfahren von dieser überprüft wird, die für das Einhalten der gesetzlichen Anforderungen an Gesundheit, Sicherheit und Umwelt verantwortlich ist.

Systèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur - Compétence du personnel

La présente Norme européenne définit les activités liées aux circuits de réfrigération ainsi que les profils de
compétences associés et elle établit des procédures permettant d’évaluer les compétences des personnes
qui réalisent ces activités.
NOTE Un circuit de réfrigération étant sensé ne pas comporter de systèmes électriques et électroniques, les activités
entrant dans ce domaine ne font pas partie de la présente norme. Pour les compétences en matière de systèmes
électriques et électroniques, il est recommandé de se référer aux réglementations nationales ou aux normes nationales ou
européennes appropriées. La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux personnes employées par des
entreprises de fabrication de composants ou équipements frigorifiques autonomes ou monoblocs tels que définis dans
l’EN 378 sur les sites de fabrication.

Hladilne naprave in toplotne črpalke - Strokovna usposobljenost osebja

Ta evropski standard definira aktivnosti, povezane s hladilnimi tokokrogi in povezanimi profili strokovne usposobljenosti ter vzpostavlja postopke za ocenjevanje strokovne usposobljenosti oseb, ki izvajajo te aktivnosti.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Nov-2010
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
07-Feb-2012

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.VHEMDKälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen - Sachkunde von PersonalSystèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur - Compétence du personnelRefrigerating systems and heat pumps - Competence of personnel27.200Hladilna tehnologijaRefrigerating technology27.080Heat pumps03.100.30Vodenje ljudiManagement of human resourcesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13313:2010SIST EN 13313:2012en,fr,de01-januar-2012SIST EN 13313:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13313:20041DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13313:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13313
November 2010 ICS 27.080; 27.200 Supersedes EN 13313:2001English Version
Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Competence of personnel
Systèmes de réfrigération et pompes à chaleur - Compétence du personnel

Kälteanlagen und Wärmepumpen - Sachkunde von Personal This European Standard was approved by CEN on 16 October 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13313:2010: ESIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................41 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................52 Normative references ............................................................................................................................53 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................54 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................84.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................84.2 Competence levels ................................................................................................................................84.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................84.2.2 Requirements for evaluation and certification procedures ..............................................................84.2.3 Requirements for competence assessment methods .......................................................................8Annex A (normative)

Competence assessment methods...............................................................................9A.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9A.2 Areas of assessment .............................................................................................................................9A.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9A.2.2 Tables ......................................................................................................................................................9A.2.3 Type of assessment ..............................................................................................................................9Annex B (informative)

Electricity .................................................................................................................... 16Annex C (informative)

Examples .................................................................................................................... 17C.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 17C.2 Relation with Regulation (EC) no 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006, on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases ("F-gases Regulation") .................... 17C.3 Relation with competence requirements for personnel working with refrigerating systems using ammonia as refrigerant ........................................................................................................... 17Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 25 SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13313:2010) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 182 “Refrigerating systems, safety and environmental requirements”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by May 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13313:2001. The main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed below:

a) this European Standard is completely revised; b) this European Standard defines different competence levels; c) this European Standard defines the activities related to refrigerating circuits and the associated competence profiles; d) this European Standard takes into account an informative Annex B “Electricity”; e) this European Standard takes into account an informative Annex C “Examples". According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 4

Introduction Refrigerating systems, if not properly constructed, installed, operated and maintained, can be of danger to the health and safety of persons, the safety property, be detrimental to the environment and increase the energy consumption. It is therefore essential that personnel dealing with such systems are competent to carry out the activity, or activities, listed in this standard. These activities cover the particular sectors in which they may operate from original design to final dismantling and disposal. As job descriptions can vary from country to country and from company to company, this standard specifies the activities to be carried out. Job descriptions should specify these activities. This standard defines the activities related to the refrigerating circuit. SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard defines the activities related to refrigerating circuits and the associated competence profiles and establishes procedures for assessing the competence of persons who carry out these activities.

NOTE

As a refrigerating circuit is considered not to incorporate electrical and electronic systems, activities in this area are not part of this standard. For competences on electrical and electronic systems, it is recommended to refer to national regulations or appropriate European or national standards. This European Standard does not apply to persons carrying out work on self contained refrigerating systems as defined in EN 378-1 from the initial design of the product to the complete manufacture of the product, provided the process is controlled and the methods used are checked by an organisation or individual, responsible for the compliance with statutory requirements on health, safety and environment. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 378-1:2008, Refrigerating systems and heat pumps — Safety and environmental requirements — Part 1: Basic requirements, definitions, classification and selection criteria EN ISO/IEC 17024, Conformity assessment — General requirements for bodies operating certification of persons (ISO/IEC 17024:2003) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 378-1:2008 and the following apply. 3.1 assessment process by which the evidence generated, gathered and provided about a person is judged to determine competence 3.2 assessment body

evaluation body organisation which is recognised to assess (evaluate) the competence of persons working on refrigerating circuits 3.3 certification body organisation which issues/awards certificates proving the competence of persons working on refrigerating circuits NOTE 1 Depending on national regulations, assessment bodies and certification bodies may be the same or different organisations.

NOTE 2 General criteria for certification bodies can be found in EN ISO/IEC 17024. 3.4 competence ability to perform safely and satisfactorily the activities within an occupation SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 6 3.5 qualification evidence of a certain level of professional competence NOTE See 4.2 and Annex A. 3.6 certification procedure used to demonstrate the qualification of personnel at a specified level and leading to the issue of a certificate 3.7 certificate document issued under the rules of the assessment system defined in Annex A indicating that the named person is competent to deal with applicable health, safety, environmental protection and energy conservation requirements for refrigerating systems and heat pumps 3.8 designing collecting all data required for making an effective operating refrigerating circuit, or making the conceptual and detailed plan of the refrigerating circuit (e.g. dimensioning, calculation, component selection, refrigerant piping layout and sizing) 3.9 pre-assembling fabricating parts and sub-assemblies of a refrigerating circuit in a workshop or on site NOTE This excludes charging with refrigerant. 3.10 installation joining two or more pieces of equipment or circuits designed to contain refrigerant, with a view to assembling a refrigerating, air-conditioning or heat pump system in the location where it will be operated NOTE 1 Installation excludes the action by which a system already assembled is plugged in before being put in operation. It excludes all the operations carried out at the manufacturing site. NOTE 2 This excludes charging with refrigerant. 3.11 putting into operation integrity inspection of the refrigerating system and bringing it into work for the first time or after significant changes NOTE This may include charging with refrigerant. 3.12 commissioning ensuring that the system is performing according to the predefined conditions after putting the system into operation NOTE This may include charging with refrigerant. 3.13 operating running the refrigerating system in a routine manner ensuring that the system works within the conditions required in the user manual SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 7 3.14 in-service inspection all activities needed to check if the refrigerating system complies to predefined requirements (e.g. functionality, correlation of temperature and pressure, capacity checks, quality checks of joints for existence of corrosion) 3.15 leak checking identifying if there is a leak of refrigerant from the refrigerating system and if yes, identifying the exact location of the leak and reporting the results 3.16 general maintenance keeping or restoring a refrigerating system to a state from which the desired operation can be provided, without breaking into the refrigerating circuit 3.17 circuit maintenance keeping or restoring a refrigerating system to a state from which the desired operation can be provided, by breaking into the refrigerating circuit 3.18 decommissioning ensuring that the refrigerating system is in a safe and environmentally proper condition during the period that it is out of operation

3.19 removing of refrigerant

recovering the refrigerant out of a refrigerating circuit 3.20 dismantling breaking the refrigerating circuit down into pieces NOTE This excludes removing of refrigerant. 3.21 basic appreciation level BA level of expertise required to discuss main elements of the skill with others3.22 working knowledge level WK level of expertise required for direct involvement in decisions and actions 3.23 fully operational level FO level of expertise required to perform personally the majority of the activities 3.24 leading edge level

LE level of expertise required for significant development of the skill area SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 8 4 Requirements 4.1 General

Persons shall be deemed competent if it can be demonstrated that they are capable of carrying out the activities listed in this standard. 4.2 Competence levels 4.2.1 General Persons shall demonstrate a level of predefined competence as defined in 3.21, 3.22, 3.23, and 3.24, of their theoretical and/or practical ability as necessary for the activity in question, as set out in Annex A. 4.2.2 Requirements for evaluation and certification procedures The evaluation and certification procedures dealing with the competence of persons related to the refrigerating circuit shall be done according to the procedures defined in EN ISO/IEC 17024.

4.2.3 Requirements for competence assessment methods If competence assessment methods are defined by national regulations, they shall be used. If competence assessment methods are not defined by national regulations, they shall be used according to Annex A.

SIST EN 13313:2012
EN 13313:2010 (E) 9 Annex A (normative)

Competence assessment methods A.1 General If no national legislation for a scheme to access and certify competence exists, the following methods shall be used.

A.2 Areas of assessment A.2.1 General All persons who demonstrate their practical and theoretical competence by being successfully assessed by an approved organisation should receive a certificate of competence. A.2.2 Tables The following tables indicate areas and subjects that need to be assessed to demonstrate competence. The row on the top of each table denotes the activities to be assessed as defined in Clause 3. The column on the left side of each table denotes the subject to be assessed.

The cells of the table give the level of expertise as defined in 3.21(BA), 3.22(WK), 3.23(FO) and 3.24(LE).

Theoretical assessment is shown by an unshaded cell and practical assessment by a shaded cell. A.2.3 Type of assessment A.2.3.1 Theory is the knowledge of the subject of operation without the ability to demonstrate practical skills. The assessment should be by written or oral examination. A.2.3.2 Practice is the ability to perform an operation by demonstrating practical skills in the subject the assessment should be by practical tests. SIST EN 13313:2012

EN 13313:2010 (E) 10 Table A.1 — Basic thermodynamics Basic thermodynamics Tasks Description of tasks, see Clause 3 Terms and definitions Design Pre-assembling Installation Putting into Operation Commissioning Operating In-service Inspection Leakage checking General Maintenance Circuit Maintenance Decommissioning Removing Refrigerant Dismantling 3.8 3.9 3.103.113.123.133.143.153.163.17 3.18 3.193.20Skills to assess Know the basic SI units, for example: temperature, pressure, mass, density, energy FO BA BA WK WK WK WK FO BA WK BA WK

Understand basic refrigeration terms, for example:

Enthalpy and Entropy, Pressure, Temperature, Refrigerating Capacity, Power consumption, COP, Superheat, Sub-cooling, Liquid and Vapour properties FO

BA FO FO WK WK WK BA FO BA WK
Know the layout as well as use of the log p-h-diagrams of refrigerants FO
BA WK WK WK WK BA BA BA BA BA
Know and

use of the saturated and superheated vapour tables of refrigerants in correlation with the log p-h-diagrams as well

BA WK WK WK WK BA BA BA BA BA
Draw a scheme of a compression refrigeration cycle FO
BA WK WK WK WK BA BA BA BA BA

Understand the meaning of different kind of pressures (e.g. design pressure, absolute and gauge pressure, strength test pressure, test pressure for leak detection) FO BA BA WK WK WK WK FO BA FO BA BA

SIST EN 13313:2012
EN 13313:2010 (E) 11 Table A.2 — Components and tests of refrigerating systems

Components and tests of refrigeration systems Tasks Description of tasks, see Clause 3 Terms and definitions Design Pre-assembling Installation Putting into Operation Commissioning Operating In-service Inspection Leakage checking General Maintenance Circuit Maintenance Decommissioning Removing Refrigerant Dismantling 3.8 3.9 3.103.113.12 3.133.143.153.16 3.17 3.183.193.20 Ski

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