Tanks for transport of dangerous goods - Digital interface for product recognition devices for liquid fuels

This European Standard covers the digital interface at the product loading and/or discharge coupling which is used for the transfer of product related information and specifies the performance requirements, critical safety aspects and tests to provide compatibility of devices.

Tanks für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter - Digitale Schnittstelle für das Produkterkennungssystem für flüssige Kraft- und Brennstoffe

Diese Europäische Norm behandelt die digitale Schnittstelle an den Kupplungen zum Befüllen und/oder Entladen des Produkts, die für die Übertragung von produktbezogenen Informationen verwendet wird, und legt die Anforderungen an die Leistungseigenschaften, kritische Sicherheitsaspekte und Prüfungen fest, um die Kompatibilität der Einrichtungen sicherzustellen.

Citernes destinées au transport de matières dangereuses - Interface numérique du dispositif de reconnaissance de produits pétroliers

La présente Norme européenne traite de l’interface numérique au point de connexion de chargement et/ou de déchargement du produit, qui est utilisée pour le transfert des informations associées au produit, et spécifie les exigences en matière de performances, les aspects critiques concernant la sécurité et les essais destinés à garantir la compatibilité des dispositifs.

Cisterne za prevoz nevarnega blaga - Digitalni vmesnik za napravo za prepoznavanje proizvoda za tekoča goriva (vključno z dopolnilom A2)

Ta evropski standard pokriva digitalni vmesnik na spojki za polnjenje in/ali praznjenje proizvoda, ki se uporablja za prenos informacij v povezavi s proizvodom in določa zmogljivostne zahteve, kritične varstvene vidike in preskuse za zagotavljanje združljivosti naprave.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-Jun-2018
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Completion Date
15-Nov-2018

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EN 14116:2012+A2:2018
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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Tanks für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter - Digitale Schnittstelle für das Produkterkennungssystem für flüssige Kraft- und BrennstoffeCiternes destinées au transport de matières dangereuses - Interface numérique du dispositif de reconnaissance de produits pétroliersTanks for transport of dangerous goods - Digital interface for product recognition devices for liquid fuels35.240.60Uporabniške rešitve IT v prometuIT applications in transport23.020.20Posode in vsebniki, montirani na vozilaVessels and containers mounted on vehicles13.300Varstvo pred nevarnimi izdelkiProtection against dangerous goodsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14116:2012+A2:2018SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018en,fr,de01-november-2018SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14116:2012+A1:20141DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14116:2012+A2
June
t r s z ICS
s uä u r râ
t uä r t rä t râ
u wä t v rä x r Supersedes EN
s v s s xã t r s t ªA sã t r s vEnglish Version

Tanks for transport of dangerous goods æ Digital interface for product recognition devices for liquid fuels Citernes destinées au transport de matières dangereuses æ Interface numérique du dispositif de reconnaissance de produits pétroliers

Tanks für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter æ Digitale Schnittstelle für das Produkterkennungssystem für flüssige Kraftæ und Brennstoffe This European Standard was approved by CEN on

y August
t r s v and includes Amendment
t approved by CEN on
t z December
t r s yä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s v s s xã t r s t ªA tã t r s z ESIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ..................................................................................................... 6 3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 3.2 Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Functions ............................................................................................................................................................ 8 5 Design characteristics ................................................................................................................................... 9 5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 5.2 Temperature range ..................................................................................................................................... 10 5.3 Materials of construction .......................................................................................................................... 10 5.4 PRD .................................................................................................................................................................... 10 5.5 PID ..................................................................................................................................................................... 11 5.5.1 General specification .................................................................................................................................. 11 5.5.2 Diode and ESD protection ......................................................................................................................... 12 5.6 Contact and insulation resistances ........................................................................................................ 13 5.7 Electrical requirements for hoses .......................................................................................................... 13 5.8 System architecture of MultiPID ............................................................................................................. 14 5.9 Electrical design characteristic of MultiPID ....................................................................................... 14 5.9.1 Technical description of MultiPID ......................................................................................................... 14 5.9.2 Modulation for the bi-directional communication .......................................................................... 17 5.9.3 Message timing .............................................................................................................................................. 18 6 Protocol structure ........................................................................................................................................ 19 6.1 Telegram transmission sequences ........................................................................................................ 19 6.2 Bit coding ........................................................................................................................................................ 20 6.3 Byte frame ....................................................................................................................................................... 21 6.4 Byte sequence in multibyte variables ................................................................................................... 21 6.5 Telegram ......................................................................................................................................................... 21 6.6 Message format ............................................................................................................................................. 22 6.6.1 Format of messages #1 to #32 ................................................................................................................. 22 6.6.2 Format of messages #33 to #255 ............................................................................................................ 22 6.7 Message specification ................................................................................................................................. 22 6.7.1 Reserved messages ...................................................................................................................................... 22 6.7.2 Other messages ............................................................................................................................................. 22 6.7.3 Message #1: Product description and overfill status (depot/station to truck) ..................... 22 6.7.4 Message #2 Location and product details (depot/station to truck) .......................................... 24 6.7.5 Message #3 Multi product loading arm (depot to truck) ............................................................... 26 6.7.6 Message #4 Tank properties (station to truck) ................................................................................ 26 6.7.7 Message #5 Rack meter information (depot to truck) ................................................................... 27 6.7.8 Message #6 Loading information (truck to depot) .......................................................................... 28 6.7.9 Message #7 Delivery information (truck to station) ....................................................................... 29 6.7.10 Message #8 Station information (station to truck) .......................................................................... 30 6.7.11 Message #9 Acknowledge (depot to truck) ......................................................................................... 31 SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 3 6.7.12 Message #10 Return product information (truck to return station) ......................................... 31 6.7.13 Message #32 CRC 16 .................................................................................................................................... 31 7 Tests .................................................................................................................................................................. 32 7.1 Type test ........................................................................................................................................................... 32 7.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32 7.1.2 PID ...................................................................................................................................................................... 32 7.1.3 PRD function test .......................................................................................................................................... 35 7.1.4 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 37 7.2 Production test .............................................................................................................................................. 37 7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 37 7.2.2 PID static test ................................................................................................................................................. 37 7.2.3 PID function test ............................................................................................................................................ 37 7.2.4 PRD function test .......................................................................................................................................... 37 7.2.5 Test results ...................................................................................................................................................... 37 8 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 37 9 Installation, operating and maintenance recommendations ....................................................... 38 Annex A (informative)

Manufacturer ID .............................................................................................................. 39 Annex B (normative)

Calculation algorithm for CRC 16 ................................................................................ 40 Annex C (informative)

A-deviations ...................................................................................................................... 41 Annex D (normative)

Company code .................................................................................................................... 42 D.1 Reason for the company code .................................................................................................................. 42 D.2 Host of the list ................................................................................................................................................ 42 D.3 Website ............................................................................................................................................................. 42 D.4 Rules .................................................................................................................................................................. 42 D.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42 D.4.2 Preliminary registration ............................................................................................................................ 42 D.4.3 Access to “Oil Company code” table ....................................................................................................... 42 D.4.4 Registration of a new company code ..................................................................................................... 42 D.4.5 Automatic notification of changes .......................................................................................................... 42 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 43

SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 14116:2012+A2:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 296 “Tanks for the transport of dangerous goods”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2018, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2014-08-07 and Amendment 2, approved by CEN on 2017-12-28. This document supersedes !EN 14116:2012+A1:2014". The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !" and #$. !deleted text" According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 5 Introduction Product recognition, the subject of this European Standard, is the digital interface that allows product data and/or other information to be transferred between transport tanks and other installations. #deleted text$ SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard covers the digital interface at the product loading and/or discharge coupling which is used for the transfer of product related information and specifies the performance requirements, critical safety aspects and tests to provide compatibility of devices. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 13616:2004, Overfill prevention devices for static tanks for liquid petroleum fuels EN 15208, Tanks for transport of dangerous goods — Sealed parcel delivery systems — Working principles and interface specifications EN 60079-0, Explosive atmospheres — Part 0: Equipment — General requirements (IEC 60079-0) EN 60079-11, Explosive atmospheres — Part 11: Equipment protection by intrinsic safety “i” (IEC 60079-11) ISO 2859-1, Sampling procedures for inspection by attributes — Part 1: Sampling schemes indexed by acceptance quality limit (AQL) for lot-by-lot inspection ISO 8601, Data elements and interchange formats — Information interchange — Representation of dates and times 3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations 3.1 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1.1 message defined data set 3.1.2 telegram frame that contains at least one standardised message 3.1.3 maximum input voltage Ui according to EN 60079-11 3.1.4 maximum output voltage U0 according to EN 60079-11 SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 7 3.1.5 maximum input current Ii according to EN 60079-11 3.1.6 maximum output current I0 according to EN 60079-11 3.1.7 maximum input power Pi according to EN 60079-11 3.1.8 maximum output power P0 according to EN 60079-11 3.1.9 maximum internal capacitance Ci according to EN 60079-11 3.1.10 maximum internal inductance Li according to EN 60079-11 3.1.11 Multiple Product Identification Device MultiPID electronic device emulating at least one PID, extended by the ability of bi-directional communication 3.2 Abbreviations For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviations apply. — ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange — CPDP Comité Professionnel Du Pétrole — ESD Electro-Static Discharge — LSB Least Significant Bit — MSB Most Significant Bit — PID Product Identification Device — PRD Product Recognition Device — RON Research Octane Number SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 8 4 Functions Whenever a physical connection according to Figure 1 or Figure 2 is made, the digital interface enables the transfer of product recognition data to the transport tank. The purpose of this digital interface is to provide the data for the following types of applications: a) automatic product identification for each compartment or tank; b) cross over prevention; !

c) overfill prevention (optional)." Bi-directionality may add the ability of communication between the stationary parts and the tank vehicle, e.g. the transfer of data of measured quantities in both directions.

Key 1 pipework of loading arm with insulated coupling 2 pipework of transport tank with insulated coupling 3 vapour line 4 product line 5 PID, vapour 6 PID, product 7 PRD a required, if only one connection is established Figure 1 — Loading SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 9

Key 1 pipework of transport tank with insulated coupling 2 conductive hoses b and pipework of stationary tank with insulated couplings 3 vapour line 4 product line 5 PRD 6 PID, product 7 PID, vapour a required, if only one connection is established b if the discharge hoses are not conductive then the conductivity of these hoses shall be achieved by other means Figure 2 — Unloading PRD supplies an intrinsically safe circuit. 5 Design characteristics 5.1 General The PRD shall be located on the transport tank. The PID shall be connected in series to a current loop with the PRD. The PRD reads the PID by powering the PID through the hose or loading arm. The PID then sends its data by modulating the supply current, which is sensed by the PRD; see Figure 3. The PID sends its data, using messages, which are numbered from 1 to 255. The PID always transmits "message #1". By implementing more messages, it is possible to program the PID with other types of information; see 6.6. Since the PID modulates the supply current, PIDs shall not be connected in parallel. SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 10

Key Components: 1 electronic circuit ST modulating switch IL supply current without modulation ITD supply current amplitude Figure 3 — Basic circuit diagram of PID 5.2 Temperature range Unless otherwise specified, the operating temperature range shall be - 20 °C to + 50 °C. Where the product recognition device is subjected to temperatures outside the specified temperature range, all applicable temperature values shall be extended. All other requirements shall remain unchanged. 5.3 Materials of construction The manufacturer shall provide with the equipment a full material specification for those parts, which may come into contact with the substances according to Clause 1. 5.4 PRD The PRD shall provide an intrinsically safe power supply with the values according to Table 1 to the PID. Table 1 — DC electrical characteristics of PRD Parameter Unit Min Nom Max Ex-values a Open-circuit voltage V 11 12 15 U0 = 15 Short-circuit current mA - - 300 I0 = 300 Output power W - - 1,1 P0 = 1,1 a Maximum value to ensure compliance with EN 60079-11. Explosive protection shall be at least Ex ia IIA according to EN 60079-0 and EN 60079-11. SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 11 5.5 PID 5.5.1 General specification Explosion protection shall be at least Ex ia IIA according to EN 60079-0 and EN 60079-11. Table 2 — DC electrical characteristics of PID Parameter Symbol Unit Min Nom Max Ex-values a Supply voltage U V 6 12 15 Ui = 15 Supply current without modulation IL mA 0 5 10 Ii = 300 Supply current at U+ < 3 V IOFF mA - - 5 - Maximum input power Pi W - - - = 1,1 Maximum internal capacitance Ci nF - - - = 600 Maximum internal inductance Li µH - - - = 10 a Maximum value to ensure compliance with EN 60079-11. Table 3 — AC electrical characteristics of PID Parameter Symbol Unit Min Nom Max Supply current amplitude ITD mA 10 15 20 Clock rate fTC Hz 4 800 4 880 4 960 Duty cycle cdT % 40 50 60 Rise time of output signal tTr µs 0 - 30 Fall time of output signal tTf µs 0 - 30 Transmission delay after power on tTds ms 0 - 0,9

The timing diagram of PID is shown in Figure 4. SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018
EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 12

Key fTC = 2 × baud rate (fbit) t2, t3 = t at i = IL + 90 % ITD IH supply current with modulation ITD supply current amplitude IL supply current without modulation tTdS transmission delay after power on t0 t at power ON tTf fall time of output signal t1, t4, t5 = t at i = IL + 10 % ITD tTr rise time of output signal Figure 4 — Timing diagram of PID 5.5.2 Diode and ESD protection To maintain ESD protection, a resistor has to be implemented into the PID; see Figure 5 and Table 4.

Key Components: 1 electronic circuit D diode R ESD resistor Figure 5 — PID schematic wiring diagram SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 13 Table 4 — Diode and ESD protection Parameter Symbol Unit Min Max Resistance of ESD resistor R

100 300 Diode D forward current ID mA 300 - Diode D forward voltage at ID < 50 mA UD V - 1

5.6 Contact and insulation resistances The contact and insulation resistances shall be according to Table 5. Table 5 — Contact and insulations resistances Parameter Symbol Unit Min Max Closed loop resistance a RL

- 10 Closed loop resistance for PRD design b RLD
- 100 Insulation resistance c RIns

15 - PRD ESD protection resistance RESD k À 100 500 a All electrical contacts and wires. If hoses are used it includes also the hoses and couplings. b This equals the closed loop resistance RL within a safety factor of 10. c Between different PID scan channels and between any PID scan channel and ground.

5.7 Electrical requirements for hoses The electrical requirements for hoses used for loading and unloading shall be according to Table 6. Hose design should minimise the built up of electrical charge during product flow. Table 6 — Electrical requirements for hoses Parameter Unit Minimum Maximum Resistance between the couplings (end to end)a

À 0 5 Resistance between signal path and the external surface of the hosec

À 1 500 — Inductance between the couplings (end to end)a mH 0 0,4 Capacitancea, b nF 0 200 a These parameters are for single hoses and combinations of hoses, when the combination is used to make a single hose. These parameters shall also include the signal return line. b Hose coupling to ground or signal return path. c Measurement surrounding/measurement condition: clamp DN 78, 20 mm wide, tighten, preferable full-faced bearing. For other nominal diameters (DN) the clamp shall be coextensive, so appropriate smaller or expanded.

" SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018
EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 14

5.8 System architecture of MultiPID The system architecture shall be according to Figure 6.

Key I depot a isolated vapour recovery e RON 94 II truck b isolated API-coupling f RON 96 III station c isolated coupling discharge and vapour recovery g Bio diesel IV station computer d Diesel (standard) h RON 98 V depot computer

i vapour recovery Figure 6 — Systematic of MultiPID 5.9 Electrical design characteristic of MultiPID 5.9.1 Technical description of MultiPID The principle block diagram of MultiPID is given in Figure 7. The electrical characteristics of MultiPID are according to Table 7. The operational data of MultiPID is according to Figure 8. Details of the operation of a MultiPID is described in EN 15208. SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 15

Key 1 modulator 2 reader 3 microprocessor 4 recommended host interface ia Cn isolated coupling (product/vapour recovery) Pn port a required, if only one connection is established Figure 7 — Multi-PID principle block diagram SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 16 Table 7 — Electrical characteristics Relevant for Functional block Parameter Symbol Unit min max PID Current modulation Supply current without modulation IL mA - 10

Supply current amplitude ITD mA 10 20

Clock rate fTC Hz 4 800 4 960 PRD Voltage modulation Voltage difference for modulation UM V ± 0,5 ± 1,5 PRD Supply via PRD Supply voltage U V 6 15 Common Ambient temperature Temperature T °C - 25 + 60 SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 17

Key 1 bit stream sent by Multi-PID 2 current modulated by Multi-PID (Manchester code) 3 voltage modulated by PRD (level code) 4 sampling interval of Multi-PID retrieving bit stream from PRD U voltage in volt I current in ampere t time in seconds tTds see Figure 4 Il current for signal low ITD see Figure 4 M voltage modulation tTr see Figure 4 tTf see Figure 4 fTC see Figure 4 cdT duty cycle Figure 8 — Operational data of Multi-PID 5.9.2 Modulation for the bi-directional communication The communication between PRD and Multi-PID shall be of the type "full duplex" i.e. while MultiPID is talking, PRD sends its message to MultiPID. Both shall be able to read the messages. The current modulation by MultiPID shall result in a voltage modulation in PRD, due to its internal serial resistor. MultiPID shall be able to differentiate this from the modulation of the supply voltage performed by PRD. Therefore MultiPID shall measure the voltage changes caused by its own current modulation. PRD shall start its transmission not before the end of the start bit of the MultiPID and synchronously to the current modulation of MultiPID. MultiPID shall check the voltages synchronously SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 18 to its own transmission and shall subtract the voltage change before its own check, i.e. it shall recognise the bits transmitted by the PRD. 5.9.3 Message timing The scan period shall be the repetition time until a scan line is powered up again by PRD. Power on time shall be the time a particular scan line is powered up by PRD. During the entire power-on time, the telegram sent by MultiPID shall be repeated. During each power-on time, not more than one telegram shall be transmitted by PRD. This telegram shall contain only one message or two messages on condition that the second message is the CRC message #32. Power-on time shall be sufficient to either recognise the existence of an electrical connection or: a) recognise at least the content of the first received telegram, and b) transmit the telegram from PRD to MultiPID, if necessary, and c) if a telegram requires an acknowledgement from the MultiPID, until the acknowledgement has been received. For details see Figure 9. SIST EN 14116:2012+A2:2018

EN 14116:2012+A2:2018 (E) 19

Key ACK acknowledgement of telegram from PRD Figure 9 — Message timing Whenever a connection of hose or loading arm is made, MultiPID shall send at least message #1 in a telegram, as long as the MultiPID is powered via this connection. If the telegram contains an acknowledged message, message #1 may not be included. 6 Protocol structure 6.1 Telegram transmission sequences The PID shall start sending its telegram(s) after a power on delay until power is removed (see Figure 10 and Table 3

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