Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 10: Flame detectors - Point detectors

This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for point-type, resettable flame detectors that operate using radiation from a flame for use in fire detection systems installed in buildings.
This standard does not cover flame detectors working on different principles from those described in this standard (although the standard may be used as guidance in assessing such products).

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 10: Flammenmelder - Punktförmige Melder

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen, Prüfverfahren und Leistungsmerkmale für punktförmige, rückstellbare Flammenmelder fest, die auf die Strahlung von Flammen ansprechen und die in Brandmeldeanlagen für Gebäude eingesetzt werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Flammenmelder, die nach anderen als in dieser Norm beschriebenen Prinzipien arbeiten (für die Zulassung solcher Produkte kann die vorliegende Norm aber als Leitfaden angewendet werden).

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme d'incendie - Partie 10: Détecteurs de flamme - Détecteurs ponctuels

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences, les méthodes d'essais et les critères de performance applicables aux détecteurs de flamme ponctuels réarmables qui fonctionnent en utilisant les rayonnements de la flamme et sont utilisés dans les systèmes de détection incendie installés dans les bâtiments.
Les détecteurs de flamme fonctionnant selon des principes différents de ceux décrits dans la présente norme ne sont pas couverts par la présente norme (bien que la présente norme puisse servir de guide pour les essais concernant ces produits).

Odkrivanje in javljanje požara ter alarmiranje - 10. del: Plamenski javljalniki - Točkovni javljalniki

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Jan-2002
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
28-Oct-2009
Completion Date
28-Oct-2009

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 54-10:2002
01-junij-2002

2GNULYDQMHLQMDYOMDQMHSRåDUDWHUDODUPLUDQMHGHO3ODPHQVNLMDYOMDOQLNL

7RþNRYQLMDYOMDOQLNL

Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 10: Flame detectors - Point detectors

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 10: Flammenmelder - Punktförmige Melder
Systemes de détection et d'alarme d'incendie - Partie 10: Détecteurs de flamme -
Détecteurs ponctuels
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 54-10:2002
ICS:
13.220.20 3RåDUQD]DãþLWD Fire protection
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST EN 54-10:2002 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 54-10:2002
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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 54-10
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
January 2002
ICS 13.220.20
English version
Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 10: Flame detectors
- Point detectors

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme d'incendie - Partie 10: Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 10: Flammenmelder -

Détecteurs de flamme - Détecteurs ponctuels Punktförmige Melder
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 November 2001.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official

versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2002 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 54-10:2002 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)
Contents

Foreword........................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references ......................................................................................................................... 4

3 Terms and definitions......................................................................................................................... 5

4 General requirements......................................................................................................................... 6

4.1 Compliance.......................................................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Classification....................................................................................................................................... 6

4.3 Individual alarm indication................................................................................................................. 6

4.4 Connection of ancillary devices........................................................................................................ 6

4.5 Monitoring of detachable detectors.................................................................................................. 6

4.6 Manufacturer's adjustments .............................................................................................................. 6

4.7 On-site sensitivity adjustment........................................................................................................... 6

4.8 Data ...................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.9 Additional requirements for software controlled detectors ........................................................... 7

4.9.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.9.2 Software documentation.................................................................................................................... 7

4.9.3 Software design .................................................................................................................................. 8

4.9.4 The storage of programs and data.................................................................................................... 8

5 Tests..................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 8

5.1.1 Atmospheric conditions for tests...................................................................................................... 8

5.1.2 Operating conditions for tests........................................................................................................... 8

5.1.3 Mounting arrangements ..................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.4 Tolerances ........................................................................................................................................... 9

5.1.5 Determination of response point....................................................................................................... 9

5.1.6 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................. 10

5.1.7 Reduced functional tests ................................................................................................................. 10

5.1.8 Provision for tests ............................................................................................................................ 10

5.1.9 Test schedule .................................................................................................................................... 10

5.2 Reproducibility.................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.1 Object................................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.2 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................. 11

5.2.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 11

5.3 Repeatability...................................................................................................................................... 12

5.3.1 Object................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.2 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................. 12

5.3.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 12

5.4 Directional dependence ................................................................................................................... 12

5.4.1 Object................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.4.2 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................. 12

5.4.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 12

5.5 Fire sensitivity................................................................................................................................... 14

5.5.1 Object................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.5.2 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................. 14

5.5.3 Classification..................................................................................................................................... 14

5.5.4 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 16

5.6 Dazzling (operational)....................................................................................................................... 16

5.6.1 Object................................................................................................................................................. 16

5.6.2 Test procedure and apparatus ........................................................................................................ 16

5.6.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 17

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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)

5.7 Dry heat (operational) ....................................................................................................................... 17

5.7.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 17

5.7.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 17

5.7.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 18

5.8 Cold (operational).............................................................................................................................. 18

5.8.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 18

5.8.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 18

5.8.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 18

5.9 Damp heat, cyclic (operational)....................................................................................................... 19

5.9.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 19

5.9.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 19

5.9.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 19

5.10 Damp heat, steady state (endurance) ............................................................................................. 20

5.10.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.10.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 20

5.10.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 20

5.11 Sulfur dioxide (SO ) corrosion (endurance)................................................................................... 20

5.11.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 20

5.11.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 21

5.11.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 21

5.12 Shock (operational)........................................................................................................................... 21

5.12.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 21

5.12.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 21

5.12.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 22

5.13 Impact (operational).......................................................................................................................... 22

5.13.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 22

5.13.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 22

5.13.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 23

5.14 Vibration, sinusoidal, (operational)................................................................................................. 23

5.14.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 23

5.14.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 23

5.14.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 24

5.15 Vibration, sinusoidal (endurance) ................................................................................................... 24

5.15.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 24

5.15.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 25

5.15.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 25

5.16 Variation in supply parameters (operational)................................................................................. 25

5.16.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 25

5.16.2 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................. 26

5.16.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 26

5.17 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Immunity tests (operational) .......................................... 26

5.17.1 Object ................................................................................................................................................. 26

5.17.2 Test procedure and apparatus......................................................................................................... 26

5.17.3 Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 27

6 Marking............................................................................................................................................... 27

Annexe A (normative) Annex A Apparatus for response point determination ........................................ 28

A.1 Optical bench..................................................................................................................................... 28

A.2 Radiation source ............................................................................................................................... 28

A.3 Shutter................................................................................................................................................ 28

A.4 Modulator........................................................................................................................................... 29

A.5 Radiometer......................................................................................................................................... 30

Annexe B (informative) Example of a methane burner............................................................................... 31

Annexe C (normative) Test fires ................................................................................................................... 33

C.1 Methylated spirit fire ......................................................................................................................... 33

Annexe D (normative) Apparatus for dazzling test ..................................................................................... 35

Annexe E (normative) Apparatus for impact test....................................................................................... 37

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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 54-10) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 72 " Fire detection and fire

alarm systems ", the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2002, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by July 2004. For products which have complied with the relevant national standard before the

date of withdrawal (dow), as shown by the manufacturer or by a certification body, this previous standard

may continue to apply for production until July 2007.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard : Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Information on the relationship between this European Standard and other standards of the EN 54 series is

given in annex A of EN 54-1:1996.
The annexes A, C and D are normative. The annexes B and E are informative.
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for point-type,

resettable flame detectors that operate using radiation from a flame for use in fire detection systems installed

in buildings.

This standard does not cover flame detectors working on different principles from those described in this

standard (although the standard may be used as guidance in assessing such products).

2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.

These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed

hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply

to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references

the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including amendments).

EN 54-1:1996, Fire detection and fire alarm systems — Part 1: Introduction

ISO 209-1, Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical composition and forms of products — Part

1: Chemical composition

IEC 60064, Tungsten filament lamps for domestic and similar general lighting purposes — Performance

requirements
IEC 60068-1, Environmental testing — Part 1: General and guidance
IEC 60068-2-1:1990, Environmental testing — Part 2: Tests — Tests A: Cold

IEC 60068-2-2:1974, Basic environmental testing procedures — Part 2: Tests —Tests B: Dry heat

IEC 60068-2-6:1995, Environmental testing — Part 2: Tests — Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal)

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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)

IEC 60068-2-27:1987, Environmental testing — Part 2: Tests — Test Ea and guidance: Shock

IEC 60068-2-30:1980, Basic environmental testing procedure — Part 2: Test Db and guidance: Damp heat,

cyclic (12 + 12-hour cycle)

IEC 60068-2-42:1982, Basic environmental testing procedure — Part 2: Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for

contacts and connections

IEC 60068-2-56:1988, Environmental testing — Part 2: Tests — Test Cb: Damp heat, steady state, primarily

for equipment

EN 50130-4, Alarm systems — Part 4: Electromagnetic compatibility — Product family standard: Immunity

requirements for components of fire, intruder and social alarm systems
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the following terms and definitions apply.

3.1
infrared (IR) detector

a flame detector responding only to radiation having wavelengths greater than 850 nm

3.2
ultra-violet (UV) detector

a flame detector responding only to radiation having wavelengths less than 300 nm

3.3
multiband detector

a flame detector having two or more sensing elements, each responding to radiation in a distinct wavelength

range and each of whose outputs may contribute to the alarm decision

NOTE The alarm decision may be based on any arithmetic or logical combination of the individual signals.

3.4
sensitivity
a measure of the ability of a flame detector to detect fires
NOTE Sensitivity is not necessarily directly related to the response point.
3.5
detector classification

a classification of flame detectors to indicate their relative sensitivity to fire

NOTE Class 1 indicates the highest sensitivity and Class 3 the lowest sensitivity acceptable within this European

standard.
3.6
response point

distance D, measured in accordance with 5.1.5, at which the individual flame detector under test gives an

alarm signal
3.7
sensitivity adjustment

any adjustment of the detector or of the alarm criteria within the supply and monitoring equipment (see 5.1.2)

that leads to a change in sensitivity
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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)
4 General requirements
4.1 Compliance

In order to comply with this standard the detector shall meet the requirements of this clause, which shall be

verified by visual inspection or engineering assessment, shall be tested as described in clause 5 and shall

meet the requirements of the tests.
4.2 Classification

Detectors shall conform to one or more of the following classifications: Class 1, Class 2 or Class 3 according

to the requirements of the tests specified in 5.5.
4.3 Individual alarm indication

Each detector shall be provided with an integral red visual indicator, by which the individual detector, which

released an alarm, may be identified, until the alarm condition is reset. Where other conditions of the

detector may be visually indicated, they shall be clearly distinguishable from the alarm indication, except

when the detector is switched into a service mode. For detachable detectors the indicator may be integral

with the base or the detector head.
4.4 Connection of ancillary devices

Where the detector provides for connections to ancillary devices (e.g. remote indicators, control relays etc.),

open- or short-circuit failures of these connections shall not prevent the correct operation of the detector.

4.5 Monitoring of detachable detectors

For detachable detectors, a means shall be provided for a remote monitoring system (e.g. the control and

indicating equipment) to detect the removal of the head from the base, in order to give a fault signal.

4.6 Manufacturer's adjustments

It shall not be possible to change the manufacturer's settings except by special means (e.g. the use of a

special code or tool) or by breaking or removing a seal.
4.7 On-site sensitivity adjustment
If there is provision for on-site sensitivity adjustment of the detector then:

a) for each setting, at which the manufacturer claims compliance with this standard, the detector shall

comply with the requirements of this standard and shall achieve a classification corresponding to that

marked on the detector for that setting;

b) for each setting in a), access to the adjustment means shall only be possible by the use of a code or

special tool or by removing the detector from its base or mounting;

c) any setting(s), at which the manufacturer does not claim compliance with this standard, shall only be

accessible by the use of a code or special tool, and it shall be clearly marked on the detector or in the

associated data, that if these setting(s) are used, the detector does not comply with the standard.

NOTE These adjustments may be carried out at the detector or at the control and indicating equipment.

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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)
4.8 Data

Detectors shall either be supplied with sufficient technical, installation and maintenance data to enable their

correct installation and operation or, if all of these data are not supplied with each detector, reference to the

appropriate data sheet shall be given on, or with each detector.

NOTE Additional information may be required by organisations certifying that detectors produced by a manufacturer

conform to the requirements of this standard.
4.9 Additional requirements for software controlled detectors
4.9.1 General

For detectors which rely on software control in order to fulfil the requirements of this standard, the

requirements of 4.9.2, 4.9.3 and 4.9.4 shall be met.
4.9.2 Software documentation

4.9.2.1 The manufacturer shall submit documentation which gives an overview of the software design.

This documentation shall be in sufficient detail for the design to be inspected for compliance with this

standard and shall include at least the following:

a) a functional description of the main program flow (e.g. as a flow diagram or structogram) including:

 1) a brief description of the modules and the functions that they perform;
 2) the way in which the modules interact;
 3) the overall hierarchy of the program;
 4) the way in which the software interacts with the hardware of the detector;

 5) the way in which the modules are called, including any interrupt processing.

b) a description of which areas of memory are used for the various purposes (e.g. the program, site

specific data and running data);

c) a designation, by which the software and its version can be uniquely identified.

4.9.2.2 The manufacturer shall have available detailed design documentation, which only needs to be

provided if required by the testing authority. It shall comprise at least the following:

a) an overview of the complete configuration of the product, including all software and hardware

components;
b) a description of each module of the program, containing at least:
1) the name of the module;
2) a description of the tasks performed;

To enable correct operation of the detectors, these data should describe the requirements for the correct processing

of the signals from the detector. This may be in the form of a full technical specification of these signals, a reference to

the appropriate signalling protocol or a reference to suitable types of control and indicating equipment etc.

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SIST EN 54-10:2002
EN 54-10:2002 (E)

3) a description of the interfaces, including the type of data transfer, the valid data range and the

checking for valid data.

c) full source code listings, as hard copy or in machine-readable form (e.g. ASCII-code), including all

global and local variables, constants and labels used, and sufficient comment for the program flow to be

recognized;

d) details of any software tools used in the design and implementation phase (e.g. CASE-tools, compilers).

4.9.3 Software design

In order to ensure the reliability of the detector, the following requirements for software design shall apply:

a) the software shall have a modular structure;

b) the design of the interfaces for manually and automatically generated data shall not permit invalid data

to cause error in the program operation;

c) the software shall be designed to avoid the occurrence of deadlock of the program flow.

4.9.4 The storage of programs and
...

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