Environmental labels and declarations - Type III environmental declarations - Principles and procedures (ISO 14025:2006)

ISO 14025:2006 establishes the principles and specifies the procedures for developing Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. It specifically establishes the use of the ISO 14040 series of standards in the development of Type III environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations.
ISO 14025:2006 establishes principles for the use of environmental information, in addition to those given in ISO 14020:2000
Type III environmental declarations as described in ISO 14025:2006 are primarily intended for use in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication under certain conditions is not precluded.

Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Typ III Umweltdeklarationen - Grundsätze und Verfahren (ISO 14025:2006)

Diese Internationale Norm stellt Grundsätze auf und legt die Verfahren fest, nach denen Typ III
Umweltdeklarationsprogramme und Typ III Umweltdeklarationen erstellt werden. Sie legt insbesondere die
Anwendung der ISO 14040 Normenreihe für die Erstellung von Typ III Umweltdeklarationsprogramme und
Typ III Umweltdeklarationen fest.
Diese Internationale Norm stellt Grundsätze auf für die Verwendung von umweltbezogenen Informationen, die
die in ISO 14020 festgelegten Grundsätze ergänzen.
Typ III Umweltdeklarationen, wie sie in dieser Internationalen Norm beschrieben werden, sind in erster Linie
für den Informationsaustausch innerhalb der anbietenden Wirtschaft gedacht, wobei ihre Anwendung für den
Informationsaustausch zwischen anbietender Wirtschaft und Verbrauchern nicht ausgeschlossen sein soll.
Mit dieser Internationalen Norm werden keine gesetzlich geforderten Umweltangaben, -aussagen
oder -kennzeichnungen oder sonstigen geltenden gesetzlichen Anforderungen aufgehoben oder in
irgendeiner Weise verändert.
Diese Internationale Norm enthält keine sektorspezifischen Festlegungen. Solche Festlegungen können in
anderen ISO-Dokumenten behandelt werden. Es wird angestrebt, dass sektorspezifische Festlegungen
anderer ISO-Dokumente mit Bezug auf Typ III Umweltdeklarationen auf dieser Internationalen Norm beruhen
und die Grundsätze und Verfahren dieser Internationalen Norm verwenden.

Marquages et déclarations environnementaux - Déclarations environnementales de Type III - Principes et modes opératoires (ISO 14025:2006)

L'ISO 14025:2006 établit les principes et les procédures de développement de déclarations environnementales de Type III et des programmes correspondants. Elle établit spécifiquement l'utilisation de la série de normes ISO 14040 pour le développement de déclarations environnementales de Type III et des programmes correspondants.
L'ISO 14025:2006 établit également les principes relatifs à l'utilisation d'informations environnementales additionnelles.
Les déclarations environnementales de Type III décrites par l'ISO 14025:2006 sont principalement destinées à une communication interentreprises, mais leur utilisation pour la communication entre une entreprise et des particuliers dans certaines conditions n'est pas exclue.

Okoljske označbe in deklaracije - Okoljske deklaracije tipa III - Načela in postopki (ISO 14025:2006)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-May-2010
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
12-May-2010
Completion Date
12-May-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
01-december-2010
1DGRPHãþD
SIST ISO 14025:2008

2NROMVNHR]QDþEHLQGHNODUDFLMH2NROMVNHGHNODUDFLMHWLSD,,,1DþHODLQSRVWRSNL

,62

Environmental labels and declarations - Type III environmental declarations - Principles

and procedures (ISO 14025:2006)

Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Typ III Umweltdeklarationen - Grundsätze

und Verfahren (ISO 14025:2006)

Marquages et déclarations environnementaux - Déclarations environnementales de Type

III - Principes et modes opératoires (ISO 14025:2006)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14025:2010
ICS:
13.020.50 2]QDþHYDQMH]HNRORãNR Ecolabelling
QDOHSNR
SIST EN ISO 14025:2010 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 14025
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
May 2010
ICS 13.020.50
English Version
Environmental labels and declarations - Type III environmental
declarations - Principles and procedures (ISO 14025:2006)

Marquages et déclarations environnementaux - Umweltkennzeichnungen und -deklarationen - Typ III

Déclarations environnementales de Type III - Principes et Umweltdeklarationen - Grundsätze und Verfahren (ISO

modes opératoires (ISO 14025:2006) 14025:2006)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 23 April 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2010 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14025:2010: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
EN ISO 14025:2010 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
EN ISO 14025:2010 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 14025:2006 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 “Environmental

management” of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO

14025:2010.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2010, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by November 2010.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14025:2006 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 14025:2010 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14025
First edition
2006-07-01
Environmental labels and declarations —
Type III environmental declarations —
Principles and procedures
Marquages et déclarations environnementaux — Déclarations
environnementales de Type III — Principes et modes opératoires
Reference number
ISO 14025:2006(E)
ISO 2006
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
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ii © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Objectives.............................................................................................................................................. 4

5 Principles............................................................................................................................................... 4

5.1 Relationship with ISO 14020................................................................................................................ 4

5.2 Voluntary nature ................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Life cycle basis ..................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4 Modularity.............................................................................................................................................. 5

5.5 Involvement of interested parties ....................................................................................................... 5

5.6 Comparability........................................................................................................................................ 5

5.7 Verification ............................................................................................................................................ 5

5.8 Flexibility ............................................................................................................................................... 6

5.9 Transparency ........................................................................................................................................ 6

6 Programme requirements .................................................................................................................... 6

6.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Scope of the programme ..................................................................................................................... 6

6.3 Responsibilities of the programme operator..................................................................................... 6

6.4 General programme instructions........................................................................................................ 7

6.5 Involvement of interested parties ....................................................................................................... 8

6.6 Procedure for definition of product categories ................................................................................. 8

6.7 Procedure for the development of PCR.............................................................................................. 8

6.8 Procedure for the application of LCA methodology ....................................................................... 11

7 Declaration requirements .................................................................................................................. 13

7.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 13

7.2 Declaration content ............................................................................................................................ 13

7.3 Updating the declaration.................................................................................................................... 16

8 Verification .......................................................................................................................................... 17

8.1 Procedure for review and independent verification........................................................................ 17

8.2 Independence and competencies of verifiers and PCR review panel........................................... 18

8.3 Rules for data confidentiality ............................................................................................................ 19

9 Additional requirements for developing Type III environmental declarations for business-

to-consumer communication ............................................................................................................ 19

9.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 19

9.2 Provision of information .................................................................................................................... 19

9.3 Involvement of interested parties ..................................................................................................... 20

9.4 Verification .......................................................................................................................................... 20

Annex A (informative) Type III environmental declaration programme development and operation

scheme................................................................................................................................................. 21

Annex B (informative) Example illustrating the development of a Type III environmental

declaration from information modules contained in Type III environmental declarations of

parts of products ................................................................................................................................ 23

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 25

© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 14025 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207, Environmental management, Subcommittee

SC 3, Environmental labelling.

This first edition of ISO 14025 cancels and replaces ISO/TR 14025:2000, which has been technically revised.

iv © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
Introduction

Type III environmental declarations present quantified environmental information on the life cycle of a product

to enable comparisons between products fulfilling the same function. Such declarations

⎯ are provided by one or more organizations,

⎯ are based on independently verified life cycle assessment (LCA) data, life cycle inventory analysis (LCI)

data or information modules in accordance with the ISO 14040 series of standards and, where relevant,

additional environmental information,
⎯ are developed using predetermined parameters, and

⎯ are subject to the administration of a programme operator, such as a company or a group of companies,

industrial sector or trade association, public authorities or agencies, or an independent scientific body or

other organization.

Type III environmental declarations as described in this International Standard are primarily intended for use

in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication is not

precluded. It is recognized that a developer of a Type III environmental declaration cannot precisely determine

the audience. However, it is important to consider the information needs of different purchaser or user groups,

for instance large businesses, small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), public procurement agencies and

consumers. Those responsible for developing Type III environmental declarations and programmes based on

this International Standard will need to pay due attention to the level of awareness of the target audience.

In programmes based on this International Standard, the organization making the declaration will be required

to ensure that data are independently verified either internally or externally. This could, but does not

necessarily, mean third-party verification except in the case of business-to-consumer declarations. ISO

provides a general definition for “certification” (procedure by which a third party gives written assurance that a

product or process conforms to specified requirements). Nevertheless, “certification” is understood and

conducted differently in different regions. To avoid confusion, this International Standard uses the term “third-

party verification” instead of “certification”.

Harmonization of general programme instructions and particularly product category rules (PCR) are

encouraged between programmes to meet the principle of comparability. This includes mutual recognition of

rules with respect to PCR development, PCR review and verification procedures, administrative procedures

and declaration format. To ensure comparability, programme operators are encouraged to work cooperatively

to achieve harmonization of the programmes and to develop mutual recognition agreements.

NOTE In the practice of developing Type III environmental declarations, programmes or their declarations are

referred to by various names such as Eco-Leaf, eco-profile, environmental declaration of product, environmental product

declaration (EPD) and environmental profile.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14025:2006(E)
Environmental labels and declarations — Type III environmental
declarations — Principles and procedures
1 Scope

This International Standard establishes the principles and specifies the procedures for developing Type III

environmental declaration programmes and Type III environmental declarations. It specifically establishes the

use of the ISO 14040 series of standards in the development of Type III environmental declaration

programmes and Type III environmental declarations.

This International Standard establishes principles for the use of environmental information, in addition to those

given in ISO 14020.

Type III environmental declarations as described in this International Standard are primarily intended for use

in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication under certain

conditions is not precluded.

This International Standard does not override, or in any way change, legally required environmental

information, claims or labelling, or any other applicable legal requirements.

This International Standard does not include sector-specific provisions, which may be dealt with in other ISO

documents. It is intended that sector-specific provisions in other ISO documents related to Type III

environmental declarations be based on and use the principles and procedures of this International Standard.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 14020:2000, Environmental labels and declarations — General principles

ISO 14021:1999, Environmental labels and declarations — Self-declared environmental claims (Type II

environmental labelling)

ISO 14024:1999, Environmental labels and declarations — Type I environmental labelling — Principles and

procedures

ISO 14040:2006 , Environmental management — Life cycle assessment — Principles and framework

ISO 14044:2006 , Environmental management — Life cyle assessment — Requirements and guidelines

ISO 14050, Environmental management — Vocabulary

1) ISO 14040:2006 and ISO 14044:2006 cancel and replace ISO 14040:1997, ISO 14041:1998, ISO 14042:2000 and

ISO 14043:2000.
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 14050 and the following apply.

NOTE Terms are not defined where they retain their normal dictionary definition. Where bold type is used within a

definition, this indicates a cross-reference to another term defined in this clause, and the number reference for the term is

given in parentheses.
3.1
environmental label
environmental declaration
claim which indicates the environmental aspects of a product (3.11) or service

NOTE An environmental label or declaration may take the form of a statement, symbol or graphic on a product or

package label, in product literature, in technical bulletins, in advertising or in publicity, amongst other things.

[ISO 14020:2000]
3.2
Type III environmental declaration

environmental declaration (3.1) providing quantified environmental data using predetermined parameters

and, where relevant, additional environmental information

NOTE 1 The predetermined parameters are based on the ISO 14040 series of standards, which is made up of

ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.

NOTE 2 The additional environmental information may be quantitative or qualitative.

3.3
Type III environmental declaration programme

voluntary programme for the development and use of Type III environmental declarations (3.2), based on a

set of operating rules
3.4
programme operator
body or bodies that conduct a Type III environmental declaration programme (3.3)

NOTE A programme operator can be a company or a group of companies, industrial sector or trade association,

public authorities or agencies, or an independent scientific body or other organization.

3.5
product category rules
PCR

set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for developing Type III environmental declarations (3.2)

for one or more product categories (3.12)
3.6
PCR review

process whereby a third party (3.10) panel verifies the product category rules (3.5)

3.7
competence

demonstrated personal attributes and demonstrated ability to apply knowledge and skills

[ISO 19011:2002]
3.8
verifier
person or body that carries out verification (3.9)
2 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
3.9
verification

confirmation, through the provision of objective evidence, that specified requirements have been fulfilled

[ISO 9000:2005]
3.10
third party

person or body that is recognized as being independent of the parties involved, as concerns the issues in

question

NOTE “Parties involved” are usually supplier (“first party”) and purchaser (“second party”) interests.

[ISO 14024:1999]
3.11
product
any goods or service
[ISO 14024:1999]
3.12
product category
group of products (3.11) that can fulfil equivalent functions
3.13
information module

compilation of data to be used as a basis for a Type III environmental declaration (3.2), covering a unit

process or a combination of unit processes that are part of the life cycle (3.20) of a product (3.11)

3.14
functional unit
quantified performance of a product system for use as a reference unit
[ISO 14040:2006]
3.15
interested party

person or body interested in or affected by the development and use of a Type III environmental declaration

(3.2)
3.16
consumer

individual member of the general public purchasing or using goods, property or services for private purposes

(Reference [5], subclause 4.3)
3.17
environmental aspect

element of an organization's activities, products or services that can interact with the environment

[ISO 14040:2006]
3.18
environmental impact

any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an

organization's environmental aspects (3.17)
[ISO 14001:2004]
© ISO 2006 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
3.19
comparative assertion

environmental claim regarding the superiority or equivalence of one product versus a competing product

(3.11) that performs the same function
[ISO 14040:2006]
3.20
life cycle

consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system, from raw material acquisition or generation from

natural resources to final disposal
[ISO 14040:2006]
4 Objectives

The overall goal of environmental labels and declarations is to encourage the demand for, and supply of,

those products that cause less stress on the environment, through communication of verifiable and accurate

information that is not misleading, thereby stimulating the potential for market-driven continuous

environmental improvement.
The objectives of Type III environmental declarations are as follows:

a) to provide LCA-based information and additional information on the environmental aspects of products;

b) to assist purchasers and users to make informed comparisons between products; these declarations are

not comparative assertions;
c) to encourage improvement of environmental performance;

d) to provide information for assessing the environmental impacts of products over their life cycle.

5 Principles
5.1 Relationship with ISO 14020

In addition to the requirements of this International Standard, the principles set out in ISO 14020 shall apply.

Where this International Standard provides for more specific requirements than ISO 14020, such specific

requirements shall apply.
5.2 Voluntary nature

The development and operation of Type III environmental declaration programmes and the development and

use of Type III environmental declarations are voluntary. This International Standard provides requirements

for an organization choosing to develop and operate such a programme or to develop and use such

declarations.
5.3 Life cycle basis

In the development of Type III environmental declarations, all relevant environmental aspects of the product

throughout its life cycle shall be taken into consideration and become part of the declaration. If the aspects

considered to be relevant do not cover all stages of the life cycle then this shall be stated and justified. The

data shall be generated using the principles, framework, methodologies and practices established by the

ISO 14040 series of standards (i.e. ISO 14040 and ISO 14044).

Relevant environmental aspects that have not been covered by LCA shall be addressed using other

appropriate methods.
4 © ISO 2006 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14025:2010
ISO 14025:2006(E)
5.4 Modularity

LCA-based data for materials, parts and other inputs that are used in the manufacture or assembly of other

products may be used to contribute to Type III environmental declarations for those other products. In such

circumstances, the LCA-based data for the materials, parts and other inputs shall be referred to as information

modules and may represent the whole or a portion of the life cycle for those materials or parts. Information

modules may be used to develop a Type III environmental declaration or may be combined to develop a Type

III environmental declaration for a product, provided that the information modules are adjusted in accordance

with the PCR for the product category. If the information modules combined to develop a Type III

environmental declaration for a product do not cover all stages of the life cycle of the product, then any

omissions shall be stated and justified in the PCR document.

An information module may be, but does not have to be, a Type III environmental declaration.

5.5 Involvement of interested parties

The process of developing environmental labels and declarations should include an open, participatory

consultation with interested parties. Reasonable efforts should be made to achieve a consensus throughout

the process.
NOTE Taken from ISO 14020:2000, 4.9.1, Principle 8.

The interested parties for Type III environmental declaration programmes may include, but are not limited to,

material suppliers, manufacturers, trade associations, purchasers, users, consumers, non-governmental

organizations (NGOs), public agencies and, when relevant, independent parties and certification bodies.

“Open consultation” should take place and is strongly recommended, but this does not necessarily imply a

public consultation. The programme operator shall be responsible for ensuring that appropriate consultations

take place to ensure credibility and transparency in the operation of the programme. Competitors of the

organization(s) developing the programme or the PCR may be included in the open consultation.

5.6 Comparability

Type III environmental declarations are intended to allow a purchaser or user to compare the environmental

performance of products on a life cycle basis. Therefore comparability of Type III environmental declarations

is critical. The information provided for this comparison shall be transparent in order to allow the purchaser or

user to understa
...

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