Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part B01: Colour fastness to light: Daylight (ISO 105-B01:2014)

ISO 105-B01:2014 specifies a method intended for determining the resistance of the colour of textiles of all kinds and in all forms to the action of daylight.
This method allows the use of two different sets of blue wool references. The results from the two different sets of references may not be identical.

Textilien - Farbechtheitsprüfungen - Teil B01: Farbechtheit gegen Licht: Tageslicht (ISO 105-B01:2014)

Dieser Teil von ISO 105 beschreibt ein Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung der Widerstandsfähigkeit der Farbe von Textilien jeder Art und in allen Verarbeitungszuständen gegen die Einwirkung von Tageslicht.
Dieses Verfahren erlaubt den Gebrauch von zwei unterschiedlichen Reihen von blauen Lichtechtheitstypen aus Wolle. Die Ergebnisse, die mit den beiden unterschiedlichen Reihen von Lichtechtheitstypen erreicht werden, sind möglicherweise nicht identisch.
ANMERKUNG Allgemeine Informationen über die Farbechtheit gegen Licht sind in Anhang A enthalten.

Textiles - Essais de solidité des coloris - Partie B01: Solidité des coloris à la lumière: Lumière du jour (ISO 105-B01:2014)

L'ISO 105-B01:2014 spécifie une méthode pour la détermination de la résistance des coloris sur les textiles de toute nature, à tous leurs stades de transformation, à l'action de la lumière du jour.
La présente méthode prévoit l'emploi de deux gammes de références. Les résultats obtenus à partir des deux gammes de références peuvent ne pas être identiques.

Tekstilije - Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti - Del B01: Barvna obstojnost na svetlobi: dnevna svetloba (ISO 105-B01:2014)

Ta del standarda EN ISO 105-B01 določa metodo za določevanje barvne obstojnosti vseh vrst in oblik tekstilij na dnevno svetlobo. Ta metoda omogoča uporabo dveh različnih skupin referenčne modre volne. Rezultati dveh različnih skupin referenc morda ne bodo enaki.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
02-Sep-2014
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
03-Sep-2014
Completion Date
03-Sep-2014

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
01-oktober-2014
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 105-B01:1999
Tekstilije - Preskušanje barvne obstojnosti - Del B01: Barvna obstojnost na
svetlobi: dnevna svetloba (ISO 105-B01:2014)

Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part B01: Colour fastness to light: Daylight (ISO 105

-B01:2014)
Farbechtheitsprüfung - Teil B01: Farbechtheit gegen Licht: Tageslicht (ISO 105-
B01:2014)

Textiles - Essais de solidité des teintures - Partie B01: Solidité des teintures à la lumière:

Lumière du jour (ISO 105-B01:2014)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprEN ISO 105-B01 rev
ICS:
59.080.01 Tekstilije na splošno Textiles in general
SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 105-B01
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
September 2014
ICS 59.080.01 Supersedes EN ISO 105-B01:1999
English Version
Textiles - Tests for colour fastness - Part B01: Colour fastness to
light: Daylight (ISO 105-B01:2014)

Textiles - Essais de solidité des coloris - Partie B01: Solidité Textilien - Farbechtheitsprüfungen - Teil B01: Farbechtheit

des coloris à la lumière: Lumière du jour (ISO 105- gegen Licht: Tageslicht (ISO 105-B01:2014)

B01:2014)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 August 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 105-B01:2014 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
EN ISO 105-B01:2014 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
EN ISO 105-B01:2014 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 105-B01:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38 “Textiles” in

collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products” the secretariat of which is

held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by March 2015.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 105-B01:1999.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 105-B01:2014 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 105-B01:2014 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 105-B01
Sixth edition
2014-09-01
Textiles — Tests for colour fastness —
Part B01:
Colour fastness to light: Daylight
Textiles — Essais de solidité des coloris —
Partie B01: Solidité des coloris à la lumière: Lumière du jour
Reference number
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
ISO 2014
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4 Reference materials and apparatus ................................................................................................................................................. 1

4.1 Reference materials ............................................................................................................................................................................ 1

4.2 Apparatus .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Test specimen .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Exposure methods .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.1 Method 1....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Method 2....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Method 3....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.4 Method 4....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.5 Method 5....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 7

7 Assessment of colour fastness to light ........................................................................................................................................... 7

8 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

Annex A (informative) General information on colour fastness to light ......................................................................10

Annex B (informative) Light exposure equivalents for blue wool lightfastness references L2

to L9.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................12

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide ISO (the International

Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member

bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO technical

committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental

and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 38; Textiles, Subcommittee SC 1, Tests for

coloured textiles and colorants.

This sixth edition cancels and replaces the fifth edition (ISO 105-B01:1994), of which it constitutes a

minor revision. It also incorporates Amendment ISO 105-B01:1994/Amd.1:1998.

ISO 105 consists of many parts designated by a part letter and a two-digit serial number (e.g. A01), under

the general title Textiles — Tests for colour fastness. A complete list of these parts is given in ISO 105-A01.

iv © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
Textiles — Tests for colour fastness —
Part B01:
Colour fastness to light: Daylight
1 Scope

This part of ISO 105 specifies a method intended for determining the resistance of the colour of textiles

of all kinds and in all forms to the action of daylight.

This method allows the use of two different sets of blue wool references. The results from the two

different sets of references may not be identical.
NOTE General information on colour fastness to light is given in Annex A.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 105-A01:1994, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A01: General principles of testing

ISO 105-A02:1993, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour

ISO 105-A05, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A05: Instrumental assessment of change in colour

for determination of grey scale rating

ISO 105-B05, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part B05: Detection and assessment of photochromism

ISO 105-B08, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part B08: Quality control of blue wool reference

materials 1 to 7
3 Principle

A specimen of the textile to be tested is exposed to daylight under prescribed conditions, including

protection from rain, along with eight dyed blue wool references. The colour fastness is assessed by

comparing the change in colour of the test specimen with that of the references used.

4 Reference materials and apparatus
4.1 Reference materials
4.1.1 General

Either of two sets of blue wool references may be used. The relationship between references 1 to 8

and L2 to L9 as shown with the method are approximate. Results from testing which uses reference

standards from both sources should be compared only with the knowledge that fading characteristics

may differ. The results from the two sets of references are not interchangeable.

The correlation between the two sets of blue wool references, illustrated in Figure 1, shall not be used to

convert ratings obtained from exposure based on one set of references to the other.

© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
Figure 1 — Correlation of blue wool references for exposure to daylight
4.1.2 References 1 to 8

Blue wool references developed and produced in Europe are identified by the numerical designation

1 to 8. These references are blue wool cloths dyed with the dyes listed in Table 1 . They range from 1

(very low colour fastness) to 8 (very high colour fastness) so that each higher-numbered reference is

approximately twice as fast as the preceding one.

The colour fastness references 1 to 8 are specially dyed to match a master set of references in colour

and in fading behaviour. It has been found that, when repeated dyeings of the blue dyed references are

made, the amount of dye required to match the previous lot is often different from that originally used.

The dyeing strengths would, therefore, be misleading and they are intentionally omitted from the listing

in Table 1.

The blue wool references 1 to 8 used in this test shall meet the quality requirements specified in ISO 105-

B08.
4.1.3 References L2 to L9

Blue wool references developed and produced in the United States are identified by the letter L followed

by the numerical designation 2 to 9. These eight references are specially prepared by blending varying

proportions of wool dyed with CI Mordant Blue (Colour Index, third edition, 43830) and wool dyed with

CI Solubilized Vat Blue 8 (Colour Index, third edition, 73801), so that each higher-numbered reference

is approximately twice as fast as the preceding reference. Data in Annex B are presented to illustrate

the relationship of each of the blue wool references on exposure to fixed amounts of radiant energy. A

detailed summary of these test results is found in Reference [8].
2 © ISO 2014 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
Table 1 — Dyes for blue wool references 1 to 8
Reference Dye — Colour Index designation
1 CI Acid Blue 104
2 CI Acid Blue 109
3 CI Acid Blue 83
4 CI Acid Blue 121
5 CI Acid Blue 47
6 CI Acid Blue 23
7 CI Solubilized Vat Blue 5
8 CI Solubilized Vat Blue 8

The Colour Index (third edition) is published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists,

P.O. Box 244, Perkin House, 82 Grattan Road, Bradford BD1 2JB, West Yorks., UK, and by the

American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, P.O. Box 12215, Research Triangle

Park, NC 27709, USA.

In the colour fastness references L2 to L9, the two primaries are specially dyed and the blending pro

portions adjusted so that repeat productions of the references have the same fading characteristics. It

has been found in repeat production of the references that the amount of each dye and the proportion

of the fugitive and fast-dyed primaries need to be adjusted to obtain the same fading behaviour in

the various references. The dyeing strengths of the two primaries and the blending proportions are

intentionally omitted.

Figure 2 and Figure 3 illustrate mounting of the blue wool references, but do not show any numerical or

performance relationship between the two sets of references.
4.2 Apparatus

4.2.1 Exposure rack, facing south in the Northern hemisphere, north in the Southern hemisphere

and sloping at an angle from the horizontal approximately equal to the latitude of the place where the

exposure is made. The rack shall be sited preferably in a non residential, non-industrial area free from

dust and automobile exhaust fumes.

The rack shall be placed so that shadows of surrounding objects, including any framing, will not fall

on the exposed materials and constructed so that the latter are firmly held. There shall be adequate

ventilation behind the mounted specimens and the rack shall be covered with window glass to protect

the specimens from rain and other elements of the weather. The glass cover shall be a clear flat drawn

sheet, (3,5 ± 1) mm thick. It shall be single strength and free of bubbles or other imperfections. The

transparency of the glass used shall be less than 1 % between wavelengths 300 nm and 320 nm, rising

to at least 90 % between wavelengths 380 nm and 750 nm, measured from a light source simulating CIE,

illuminant C.
© ISO 2014 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 105-B01:2014
ISO 105-B01:2014(E)
Figure 2 — Mounting of the specimen and references for exposure method 1

The minimum permissible distance between the glass and the surface of the specimens is 50 mm. In

order to minimize shadows due to the varying angle of the sun. the usable exposure area under the glass

is limited to that of the glass cover, reduced on each side by twice the distance from the glass cover to

the specimen.

4.2.2 Opaque cardboard, or other thin opaque material. for example thin sheet aluminium. or cardboard

covered with aluminium foil, or. in the case of pile fabrics, a cover that avoids surface compression.

4.2.3 Grey scale for assessing change in colour, in accordance with ISO 105-A02.

4.2.4 When requested, instruments for determining climatological data during the exposure,

operated inside the cabinet and in the immediate
...

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