Chimneys - System chimneys with plastic flue liners - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the performance requirements and test methods for system chimneys with plastic flue liners used to convey the products of combustion from appliances to the outside atmosphere under dry and wet conditions. It also specifies the requirements for marking, manufacturer's instructions and evaluation of conformity.
This European Standard describes chimney components from which system chimneys can be assembled.
This European Standard is not applicable to chimneys with sootfire resistance classification class G.
This European Standard is not applicable for chimneys with the following classification:
-   corrosion resistance class 2 concerning natural wood );
-   corrosion resistance class 3;
-   pressure class N2.
This European Standard is applicable to chimneys designed so that no condensate accumulation can occur, e.g. with a minimum inclination of 3° to the horizontal.
This European Standard is not applicable
-   for system chimneys with plastic coated flue liners;
-   to structurally independent (free-standing or self-supporting) chimneys.
Chimneys with components which need further processing during the installation to reach the final material properties are no system chimneys and therefore also not covered by this standard.
This European Standard does not cover the requirements for horizontal terminals (as defined for C1 installation types in CEN/TR 1749) regarding aerodynamic behaviour, rainwater ingress and icing behaviour.

Abgasanlagen - Systemabgasanlagen mit Kunststoffinnenrohen - Anforderungen und Prüfungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt LeistungsaAnforderungen und Prüfverfahrenungen für Systemabgasanlagen mit Kunststoffinnenrohren zur Abführung von Verbrennungsprodukten aus Feuerstätten ins Freie bei trockener und feuchter Betriebsweise fest. Diese Norm beinhaltet auch Festlegungenlegt auch Anforderungen an für die Kennzeichnung, An¬leitungen des Herstellers und Bewertung und Überprüfung der Konformität fest.
Diese Europäische Norm beschreibt Bauteile, aus denen die Systemabgasanlage bestehen kann.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für rußbrandbeständige Abgasanlagen der Klasse G.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Abgasanlagen dermit folgenden Klassifikationen:
-   Korrosionswiderstandsklasse 2 bezüglich Naturholz );
-   Korrosionswiderstandsklasse 3;
-   Druckklasse N2.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für Abgasanlagen, bei denen keine Kondensatansammlung erfolgt, z. B. mit einer Steigung von mindestens 3° gegenüber der Horizontalen.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht:
-   für Abgasanlagen mit kunststoffbeschichteten Innenrohren;
-   für bauseits unabhängige Abgasanlagen (freistehende oder selbsttragende Abgasanlagen).
Abgasanlagen mit Bauteilen, die notwendige Werkstoffeigenschaften erst nach einer weiteren Behandlung während des Einbaus erreichen, sind keine Systemabgasanlagen und werden in der vorliegenden Norm nicht erfasst.
In dieser Europäischen Norm ebenfalls nicht erfasst werden Anforderungen an horizontale Aufsätze (festgelegt für Gasgerä¬te vom Typ C1 in CEN/TR 1749) bezüglich ihres aerodynamischen Verhaltens, dem Eindringen von Regen¬wasser und dem Vereisungsverhalten.

Conduits de fumée - Système de conduits de fumée avec conduits intérieurs en plastique - Prescriptions et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne précise les exigences de performance et les méthodes d’essai relatives aux systèmes de conduits de fumée avec conduits intérieurs en plastique utilisés pour évacuer vers l’extérieur les produits de combustion depuis les générateurs, dans des ambiances sèches et humides. Elle précise également les exigences en matière de marquage, d’instructions du fabricant et d’évaluation de la conformité.
La présente Norme européenne décrit des éléments de conduits de fumée à partir desquels des systèmes de conduits de fumée peuvent être montés.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux conduits de fumée de la classe G de résistance au feu de cheminée.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux conduits de fumée de la classification suivante :
-   classe 2 de résistance à la corrosion concernant le bois naturel ) ;
-   classe 3 de résistance à la corrosion ;
-   classe de pression N2.
La présente Norme européenne s’applique aux conduits de fumée conçus de façon à ce qu’aucune accumulation de condensat ne puisse se produire, par exemple avec une inclinaison minimum de 3° par rapport à l’horizontale.
La présente norme européenne ne s’applique pas :
-   aux systèmes de conduits de fumée avec conduits intérieurs revêtus de plastique ;
-   aux conduits de fumée structurellement indépendants (autoporteurs ou autonomes).
Les conduits de fumée comprenant des éléments qui nécessitent un traitement supplémentaire lors de l’installation pour obtenir les propriétés finales des matériaux ne sont pas des conduits-systèmes et ne sont donc pas couverts par la présente norme.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas les exigences relatives aux terminaux horizontaux (tels que définis pour les types d’installations C1 dans le CEN/TR 1749) en ce qui concerne le comportement aérodynamique, la pénétration d’eau de pluie et le comportement au givrage.

Dimniki - Sistemski dimniki s plastičnimi dimniškimi tuljavami - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa zahteve glede zmogljivosti in preskusne metode za sistemske dimnike s plastičnimi dimniškimi tuljavami, ki se uporabljajo za odvajanje produktov zgorevanja iz naprav v ozračje v suhih in mokrih razmerah. Določa tudi zahteve za označevanje, navodila za proizvajalca in vrednotenje skladnosti.
Ta evropski standard opisuje sestavne dele dimnikov, iz katerih se lahko sestavijo sistemski dimniki.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za dimnike z odpornostjo proti požaru saj razreda G.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za dimnike naslednjih vrst:
– razred 2 odpornosti na korozijo v zvezi z naravnim lesom;
– razred 3 odpornosti na korozijo;
– razred N2 tlaka.
Ta evropski standard se uporablja za dimnike, ki so oblikovani tako, da ne prihaja do kopičenja kondenzata, npr. z minimalnim naklonom 3° glede na vodoravno ploskev.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja
– za sistemske dimnike z dimniškimi tuljavami s plastično prevleko;
– za strukturno neodvisne (samostoječe ali samonosilne) dimnike.
Dimniki s sestavnimi deli, ki jih je treba med namestitvijo dodatno obdelati, da se dosežejo končne materialne lastnosti, niso sistemski dimniki in jih zato ta standard ne zajema.
Ta evropski standard ne zajema zahtev za vodoravne priključke (kot so v standardu CEN/TR 1749 opredeljeni za vrste namestitve C1) v zvezi z aerodinamičnim vedenjem, vdiranjem deževnice in žledom.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
13-Jan-2015
Current Stage
9093 - Decision to confirm - Review Enquiry
Due Date
04-Jun-2019
Completion Date
06-Jun-2019

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Abgasanlagen - Systemabgasanlagen mit Kunststoffinnenrohen - Anforderungen und PrüfungenConduits de fumée - Système de conduits de fumée avec conduits intérieurs en plastique - Prescriptions et méthodes d'essaiChimneys - System chimneys with plastic flue liners - Requirements and test methods91.060.40Dimniki, jaški, kanaliChimneys, shafts, ductsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14471:2013+A1:2015SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015en,fr,de01-marec-2015SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 14471:20141DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 14471:2013+A1
January 2015 ICS 91.060.40 Supersedes EN 14471:2013English Version

Chimneys - System chimneys with plastic flue liners - Requirements and test methods

Conduits de fumée - Système de conduits de fumée avec conduits intérieurs en plastique - Prescriptions et méthodes d'essai

Abgasanlagen - Systemabgasanlagen mit Kunststoffinnenrohen - Anforderungen und Prüfungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 September 2013 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 3 November 2014. CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 14471:2013+A1:2015 ESIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015

EN 14471:2013+A1:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................7 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................8 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................9 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................9 3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 11 4 Classification and designation .......................................................................................................... 15 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15 4.2 Temperature classes .......................................................................................................................... 16 4.3 Pressure classes................................................................................................................................. 16 4.4 Sootfire resistance classes ............................................................................................................... 16 4.5 Condensate resistance classes ........................................................................................................ 16 4.6 Corrosion resistance classes ............................................................................................................ 17 4.7 Thermal resistance ............................................................................................................................. 17 4.8 Distance to combustible material ..................................................................................................... 17 4.9 Location ............................................................................................................................................... 17 4.10 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 17 4.11 Outer wall classes............................................................................................................................... 18 4.12 Designation ......................................................................................................................................... 18 5 Dimensions and tolerances ............................................................................................................... 18 6 Performance requirements ................................................................................................................ 19 6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 19 6.2 Resistance to the combination of mechanical and thermal load .................................................. 19 6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 19 6.2.2 Mechanical behaviour and stability .................................................................................................. 20 6.3 Components subject to wind load .................................................................................................... 21 6.4 Fire resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 21 6.5 Hygiene, health and environment ..................................................................................................... 21 6.5.1 Gas tightness ...................................................................................................................................... 21 6.5.2 Recycling ............................................................................................................................................. 21 6.6 Safety in use ........................................................................................................................................ 21 6.6.1 Thermal performance ......................................................................................................................... 21 6.6.2 Resistance against condensate ........................................................................................................ 22 6.6.3 Rainwater penetration resistance for insulated chimneys for external installation .................... 22 6.6.4 Flow resistance ................................................................................................................................... 22 6.6.5 Terminals ............................................................................................................................................. 23 6.7 Materials, durability ............................................................................................................................ 23 6.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 23 6.7.2 Characterization .................................................................................................................................. 23 6.7.3 Long-term resistance to thermal load .............................................................................................. 23 6.7.4 Long-term resistance to condensate exposure ............................................................................... 24 6.7.5 Resistance to wet/dry cycling ........................................................................................................... 25 6.7.6 Resistance against weathering ......................................................................................................... 26 6.7.7 Geometrical stability .......................................................................................................................... 26 6.7.8 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 26 6.7.9 Freeze-thaw resistance ...................................................................................................................... 26 6.7.10 Seals and sealants .............................................................................................................................. 27 7 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015

EN 14471:2013+A1:2015 (E) 3 7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 27 7.2 Resistance to the combination of mechanical and thermal load ................................................... 27 7.2.1 Test sample .......................................................................................................................................... 27 7.2.2 Test performance ................................................................................................................................ 30 7.2.3 Test environment ................................................................................................................................. 30 7.3 Components subject to wind load ..................................................................................................... 30 7.4 Fire resistance ..................................................................................................................................... 31 7.5 Hygiene, health and environment ...................................................................................................... 31 7.5.1 Gas tightness ....................................................................................................................................... 31 7.5.2 Recycling .............................................................................................................................................. 32 7.6 Safety in use ........................................................................................................................................ 33 7.6.1 Thermal performance .......................................................................................................................... 33 7.6.2 Thermal resistance .............................................................................................................................. 33 7.6.3 Resistance against condensate ......................................................................................................... 33 7.6.4 Rainwater penetration resistance for insulated chimneys for external installation..................... 33 7.6.5 Flow resistance .................................................................................................................................... 34 7.6.6 Terminals .............................................................................................................................................. 34 7.7 Materials ............................................................................................................................................... 35 7.7.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 35 7.7.2 Characterization .................................................................................................................................. 35 7.7.3 Long-term resistance to thermal load ............................................................................................... 35 7.7.4 Long-term resistance to condensate exposure ............................................................................... 36 7.7.5 Resistance to wet/dry cycling ............................................................................................................ 37 7.7.6 Resistance against weathering .......................................................................................................... 37 7.7.7 Geometrical stability ........................................................................................................................... 38 7.7.8 Reaction to fire .................................................................................................................................... 38 7.7.9 Freeze-thaw resistance ....................................................................................................................... 38 7.7.10 Seals and sealants .............................................................................................................................. 38 8 Dangerous substances ....................................................................................................................... 38 9 Product information ............................................................................................................................ 38 9.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 38 9.2 Minimum information to be included in the manufacturer’s instructions ..................................... 38 9.2.1 Information for the installer ................................................................................................................ 38 9.2.2 Information for the user ...................................................................................................................... 39 9.2.3 Additional information to be included in the manufacturer’s instructions: .................................. 39 10 Assessment and Verification of the Constancy of Performance (AVCP) ...................................... 41 10.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 41 10.2 Product type determinations .............................................................................................................. 41 10.3 Further type testing ............................................................................................................................. 41 10.4 Continuous surveillance of FPC ........................................................................................................ 41 10.5 Factory production control (FPC) ...................................................................................................... 42 10.5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 42 10.5.2 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................ 43 10.5.3 Raw materials and components ........................................................................................................ 43 10.5.4 Product testing and evaluation .......................................................................................................... 44 11 Marking and labelling .......................................................................................................................... 44 11.1 Marking chimney components ........................................................................................................... 44 11.2 Chimney plate ...................................................................................................................................... 45 Annex A (normative)

Test methods for characterization .............................................................................. 46 Annex B (informative)

Examples of characterization .................................................................................... 48 Annex C (normative)

Test methods to determine the effect to long-term thermal load, long-term condensate exposure, wet/dry cycling and resistance to UV ......................................................... 49 Annex D (normative)

Simplified calculation of thermal resistance for circular flues ................................ 50 SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015

EN 14471:2013+A1:2015 (E) 4 Annex E (informative)

Method for applying an evenly distributed load (horizontal) ................................ 52 Annex F (informative)

Resistance to UV ........................................................................................................ 53 Annex G (normative)

Terminals ..................................................................................................................... 54 G.1 Characteristics of a terminal ............................................................................................................. 54 G.1.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 54 G.1.2 Types of terminals .............................................................................................................................. 54 G.1.2.1 Type I .................................................................................................................................................... 54 G.1.2.1.1 General ......................................................................................................................................... 54 G.1.2.1.2 Type Ia .......................................................................................................................................... 54 G.1.2.1.3 Type Ib .......................................................................................................................................... 54 G.1.2.2 Type II ................................................................................................................................................... 54 G.1.2.3 Type III .................................................................................................................................................. 54 G.1.3 Wind direction characteristics .......................................................................................................... 54 G.2 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 55 G.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 55 G.2.2 Flow resistance of terminals Type I, II and III .................................................................................. 55 G.2.3 Aerodynamic properties of terminals Type II and III ....................................................................... 55 G.2.3.1 Terminal Type II ................................................................................................................................... 55 G.2.3.2 Terminal Type III.................................................................................................................................. 55 G.2.4 Rain water ingress .............................................................................................................................. 56 G.2.5 Icing behaviour ................................................................................................................................... 56 G.3 Characteristics of the terminal .......................................................................................................... 56 G.3.1 Flow resistance ................................................................................................................................... 56 G.3.1.1 Flue duct for terminals Type I, II, III................................................................................................... 56 G.3.1.2 Air duct for terminal Type III .............................................................................................................. 56 G.3.2 Aerodynamic properties .................................................................................................................... 57 G.3.2.1 Wind velocity pressure of a terminal Type II – for non room-sealed and room-sealed appliances ........................................................................................................................................... 57 G.3.2.2 Wind velocity pressure of a terminal, Type III – for balanced flue applications .......................... 58 G.3.2.3 Recirculation factor of a terminal, Type III, (for room sealed appliances) .................................... 58 G.3.3 Rainwater ingress ............................................................................................................................... 59 G.3.4 Icing behaviour ................................................................................................................................... 59 Annex H (normative)

Test methods for flow resistance ............................................................................... 60 H.1 For terminal Type I, II and III, test method for flow resistance ....................................................... 60 H.1.1 Test apparatus .................................................................................................................................... 60 H.1.2 Test sample ......................................................................................................................................... 60 H.1.3 Measurement parameters .................................................................................................................. 60 H.1.4 Test condition ..................................................................................................................................... 61 SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015

EN 14471:2013+A1:2015 (E) 5 H.1.5 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 61 H.1.6 Test result............................................................................................................................................. 61 Annex I (normative)

Test methods for wind effects on pressure ................................................................ 64 I.1 For terminal Type II, test method for wind velocity pressure ......................................................... 64 I.1.1 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 64 I.1.2 Test sample .......................................................................................................................................... 64 I.1.3 Measurement parameters ................................................................................................................... 64 I.1.4 Test condition ...................................................................................................................................... 65 I.1.5 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 65 I.1.6 Test result............................................................................................................................................. 65 I.2 For a terminal Type III, test method for wind velocity pressure ..................................................... 65 I.2.1 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 65 I.2.2 Test sample .......................................................................................................................................... 66 I.2.3 Measurement parameters ................................................................................................................... 66 I.2.4 Test condition ...................................................................................................................................... 67 I.2.5 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 67 I.2.6 Test result............................................................................................................................................. 67 Annex J (normative)

Test methods for wind effects on recirculation ......................................................... 68 J.1 For terminal Type III, test method for recirculation ......................................................................... 68 J.1.1 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 68 J.1.2 Test sample .......................................................................................................................................... 68 J.1.3 Measurement parameters ................................................................................................................... 68 J.1.4 Test condition ...................................................................................................................................... 68 J.1.5 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 69 J.1.6 Test result............................................................................................................................................. 69 Annex K (normative)

Test method for rain water ingress ............................................................................ 70 K.1 For terminal Type Ib, II and III, test method without wind ............................................................... 70 K.1.1 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 70 K.1.2 Test sample .......................................................................................................................................... 70 K.1.3 Measurement parameters ................................................................................................................... 70 K.1.4 Test condition ...................................................................................................................................... 70 K.1.5 Test procedure ..................................................................................................................................... 71 K.1.6 Test result............................................................................................................................................. 71 K.2 For terminal Type Ib, II and III, test method with wind ..................................................................... 72 K.2.1 Test apparatus ..................................................................................................................................... 72 K.2.2 Test sample .......................................................................................................................................... 73 K.2.3 Measurement parameters ................................................................................................................... 73 K.2.4 Test condition ...................................................................................................................................... 73 SIST EN 14471:2014+A1:2015

EN 14471:2013+A1:2015 (E) 6 K.2.5 Test procedure .................................................................................................................................... 73 K.2.6 Test result ............................................................................................................................................ 74 Annex L (normative)

Test method of icing effects ....................................................................................... 76 L.1 For terminal Type II and III, test method for icing behaviour ......................................................... 76 L.1.1 Test apparatus .................................................................................................................................... 76 L.1.2 Test sample ......................................................

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