Plastics - Decorative solid surfacing materials - Part 2: Determination of properties - Sheet goods (ISO 19712-2:2007)

ISO 19712-2:2007 specifies the methods of test for determination of the properties of solid surfacing materials in the form of sheets. These methods are primarily intended for testing the materials specified in ISO 19712‑1.

Kunststoffe - Dekorative Mineralwerkstoffe - Teil 2: Prüfverfahren - Plattenware (ISO 19712-2:2007)

Der vorliegende Teil der ISO 19712 legt Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung der Eigenschaften von verschiedenen Mineralwerkstoffen in Plattenform fest, die in Abschnitt 3 definiert sind. Diese Verfahren sind hauptsächlich zur Prüfung der in ISO 19712-1 festgelegten Werkstoffe vorgesehen.
Die Prüfungen können an fertigen Platten durchgeführt werden, werden jedoch im Allgemeinen an Probe-körpern vorgenommen, die groß genug sind, um die Prüfanforderungen zu erfüllen und die aus dem gleichen Material bestehen und die gleiche Oberflächenbeschaffenheit aufweisen, wie die fertigen Platten.

Plastiques - Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de surface - Partie 2: Détermination des propriétés - Produits en feuilles (ISO 19712-2:2007)

L'ISO 19712-2:2007 spécifie les méthodes d'essai pour la détermination des propriétés des matériaux massifs de revêtement de surface sous forme de feuilles. Ces méthodes sont principalement destinées à la réalisation des essais sur les matériaux spécifiés dans l'ISO 19712-1.

Polimerni materiali - Dekorativni trdni površinski materiali - 2. del: Ugotavljanje lastnosti - Plošče (ISO 19712-2:2007)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Jan-2013
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
16-Jan-2013
Completion Date
16-Jan-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
01-februar-2014

Polimerni materiali - Dekorativni trdni površinski materiali - 2. del: Ugotavljanje

lastnosti - Plošče (ISO 19712-2:2007)

Plastics - Decorative solid surfacing materials - Part 2: Determination of properties -

Sheet goods (ISO 19712-2:2007)

Kunststoffe - Dekorative Mineralwerkstoffe - Teil 2: Prüfverfahren - Plattenware (ISO

19712-2:2007)
Plastiques - Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de surface - Partie 2:
Détermination des propriétés - Produits en feuilles (ISO 19712-2:2007)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19712-2:2013
ICS:
83.140.20 Laminatne plošče Laminated sheets
SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 19712-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
January 2013
ICS 83.140.20
English Version
Plastics - Decorative solid surfacing materials - Part 2:
Determination of properties - Sheet goods (ISO 19712-2:2007)

Plastiques - Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de Kunststoffe - Dekorative Mineralwerkstoffe - Teil 2:

surface - Partie 2: Détermination des propriétés - Produits Prüfverfahren - Plattenware (ISO 19712-2:2007)

en feuilles (ISO 19712-2:2007)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 December 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19712-2:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
EN ISO 19712-2:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
EN ISO 19712-2:2013 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 19712-2:2007 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61 “Plastics” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 19712-2:2013 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics” the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by July 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19712-2:2007 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 19712-2:2013 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19712-2
First edition
2007-12-15
Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing
materials —
Part 2:
Determination of properties — Sheet
goods
Plastiques — Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de surface —
Partie 2: Détermination des propriétés — Produits en feuilles
Reference number
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
ISO 2007
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
PDF disclaimer

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COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2007

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means,

electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from either ISO at the address below or

ISO's member body in the country of the requester.
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Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Cleaning the test specimen surface ................................................................................................... 2

5 Surface defects ..................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Consistency of colour .......................................................................................................................... 3

7 Load test ................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Resistance to impact by large-diameter ball .....................................................................................7

9 Lightfastness....................................................................................................................................... 10

10 Stain/chemical-resistance test .......................................................................................................... 15

11 Resistance to cigarette burns ........................................................................................................... 23

12 Resistance to dry heat........................................................................................................................ 31

13 Resistance to wet heat ....................................................................................................................... 37

14 Hot/cold-cycle water-resistance test ................................................................................................ 40

15 Hardness.............................................................................................................................................. 41

16 Ability to be renewed.......................................................................................................................... 41

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 19712-2 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 11, Products.

ISO 19712 consists of the following parts, under the general title Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing

materials:
⎯ Part 1: Classification and specifications
⎯ Part 2: Determination of properties — Sheet goods
⎯ Part 3: Determination of properties — Solid surface shapes
iv © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Introduction

This part of ISO 19172 is intended for use by manufacturers, installers and specifiers of solid surfacing

materials.

The test methods and minimum performance values presented have been related as closely as possible to

end-use applications. The fabrication techniques employed may, however, have a bearing on product

performance and service.

The performance requirements include impact resistance, structure, renewability, colourfastness, cleanability,

stain resistance, water resistance, chemical resistance, bacterial and fungal resistance, and other significant

properties.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing materials —
Part 2:
Determination of properties — Sheet goods

SAFETY STATEMENT — Persons using this document should be familiar with normal laboratory

practice, if applicable. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any,

associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health

practices and to ensure compliance with any regulatory conditions.
1 Scope

This part of ISO 19712 specifies the methods of test for determination of the properties of solid surfacing

materials, as defined in Clause 3, in the form of sheets. These methods are primarily intended for testing the

materials specified in ISO 19712-1.

The tests may be carried out on finished sheets, but are generally carried out on test specimens of a size

sufficient to meet the requirements of the test, and of the same material and finish as the finished sheet.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 105-A02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour

ISO 105-B02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light: Xenon arc

fading lamp test
ISO 209:2007, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical composition
ISO 1770, Solid-stem general purpose thermometers

ISO 2039-1, Plastics — Determination of hardness — Part 1: Ball indentation method

ISO 2039-2, Plastics — Determination of hardness — Part 2: Rockwell hardness
ISO 3668, Paints and varnishes — Visual comparison of the colour of paints
ISO 4211:1979, Furniture — Assessment of surface resistance to cold liquids
ISO 4892:1981, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources

ISO 4892-1, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 1: General guidance

1) Withdrawn, but still used in certain Asian countries.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)

ISO 4892-2:2006, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps

ISO 9370, Plastics — Instrumental determination of radiant exposure in weathering tests — General guidance

and basic test method

ISO 19712-1, Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing materials — Part 1: Classification and specifications

CIE Publication No. 85:1989, Solar spectral irradiance

ASTM D 2244, Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from

Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

ASTM D 2583, Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol

Impressor
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
solid surfacing material
SSM

material, composed of polymeric materials together with pigments and fillers, intended to be cast into sheets

or shaped products

NOTE 1 The material is of the same composition throughout the whole thickness of the sheet or product.

NOTE 2 Sheets and products made from SSMs are repairable and renewable to the original finish.

NOTE 3 SSMs can also be fabricated into continuous sheets with inconspicuous seams.

4 Cleaning the test specimen surface
4.1 General

The surface to be tested shall be prepared prior to testing using the procedure specified in 4.3.

4.2 Materials
4.2.1 Cellulose sponge.
4.2.2 Non-abrasive cleanser, containing a bleaching agent.
4.2.3 Water.
4.2.4 Clean, absorbent, lint-free material.
4.3 Procedure

Clean the surface using a damp sponge and non-abrasive cleanser containing a bleaching agent, scrubbing

the surface with light hand pressure for up to 1,0 min/m . Rinse the prepared surface with water and dry with

clean, absorbent, lint-free material.
2 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
5 Surface defects
5.1 Procedure

The entire finished surface of a suitable-size sheet shall be rubbed with a sponge and a 50 % solution of tap

water and water-soluble black or blue-black ink after the surface has been washed and dried as described in

4.3. When inspecting coloured sheets, contrasting-coloured ink shall be used. The ink shall be wiped from the

surface with a damp cloth and the surface dried before inspection.
5.2 Method of inspection of surface

After being inked in accordance with 5.1, the surface of the sheet shall be inspected with the unaided eye for

defects and blemishes from a distance of between 305 mm and 610 mm, using a light source giving an

illumination intensity of (1 615 ± 540) lx near the surface to be inspected.
5.3 Performance requirements

The finished surfaces of sheets shall be free from cracks, chipped areas, pinholes and blisters.

Spots, dirt and similar surface blemishes are admissible provided the total area covered by such blemishes is

2 2

not more than 1,0 mm /m of sheet surface. The blemishes may be concentrated in one place or scattered

over the sheet.
5.4 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) whether the surface was free from cracks, chipped areas, etc.;
2 2

d) whether the area covered by spots, dirt, etc., was more than 1,0 mm /m of sheet surface;

e) any deviation from the method specified;
f) the date of the test.
6 Consistency of colour
6.1 Test apparatus and materials
6.1.1 Tabletop, approximately 760 mm above the floor.

6.1.2 Overhead white fluorescent lights, with the bulbs positioned parallel to the line of sight and

providing an illumination intensity of 800 lx to 1 100 lx at the tabletop.
6.1.3 Manufacturer’s recommended seam adhesive.
6.1.4 Manufacturer’s recommended abrasives and random orbital sander.
6.2 Test specimens

Two specimens shall be prepared, one from the beginning of the lot and the other from the end of the lot.

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)

For each test specimen, cut two strips, each 320 mm wide, from the full width of the sheet and bond the strips

together, offset by 792 mm, with the manufacturer's recommended adhesive as shown in Figure 1. The strips

shall be bonded in the same direction as they were removed from the sheet. Cut off the two unbonded

portions of the panel thus prepared to give a (640 ± 0,5) mm × (792 ± 0,5) mm specimen with a bond seam

running down the centreline between the midpoints of the 640-mm-long sides as shown in Figure 2. Finish the

seamed specimen by sanding with an orbital sander.

The seam shall be made and finished in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations for the

fabrication and finishing of seamed panels.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 seam
2 cut lines
X = full width of sheet
Figure 1 — Fabrication of seamed panel from which specimen is cut
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 2 — Seamed specimen
4 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
6.3 Test procedure

Place a specimen on the table face up and view it under the illumination defined in 6.1.2 at an eye-to-

specimen distance of 760 mm to 910 mm. View the specimen at angles of approximately 45° and 75°.

6.4 Performance requirement
There shall be no noticeable base colour change along the length of the seam.
6.5 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) whether there was any noticeable base colour change along the seam;
d) any deviation from the method specified;
e) the date of the test.
7 Load test
7.1 Clamping frame

The clamping frame for conducting the load test shall be constructed so as to provide an area measuring

(610 ± 0,6) mm × (762 ± 0,6) mm over which the test specimen is unsupported.
7.2 Test specimen

A seamed specimen shall be used for the test. The specimen shall be fabricated as specified in 6.2.

7.3 Test method

Mount the seamed specimen in the clamping frame so that it is held securely at the four corners of the

specimen and so that the seam runs between the midpoints of the 762-mm-long sides of the unsupported

area inside the clamping frame (see Figure 3).

Apply a load of 1 334 N to the midpoint of the specimen via a weight distribution disc 203 mm in diameter

resting on a 13 mm thick layer of sponge rubber or other suitable soft material located between the disc and

the specimen surface. Leave the load in place for (2,5 ± 0,5) min to allow for settlement of the clamping frame

and any initial slip in the fasteners. Then remove it.

(12,5 ± 2,5) min after removal of the load, reapply the 1 334 N load for not less than 1,5 min or more than

2 min.

10 min after removal of the load, measure the residual deflection of the midpoint of the specimen with a

deflectometer or other suitable device capable of measuring deflections of up to 0,25 mm.

7.4 Performance requirement

There shall be no cracks in the surface of the specimen when inspected after inking as described in 5.1 and

5.2. The maximum residual deflection shall not exceed 0,25 mm after removal of the load.

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 specimen
2 lower metal frame
3 upper metal frame, thickness 5 mm
Figure 3 — Clamping frame for load test (see 7.1)
7.5 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) whether cracks were formed in the surface of the specimen;
d) whether the maximum residual deflection exceeded 0,25 mm;
e) any deviation from the method specified;
f) the date of the test.
6 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
8 Resistance to impact by large-diameter ball
8.1 Principle

A specimen taken from the sheet under test is covered with a sheet of carbon paper and subjected to the

impact of a steel ball, which is allowed to fall from a known height. Impact resistance is expressed as the

maximum drop height which can be achieved without incurring visible surface cracking or producing an imprint

greater than a specified maximum diameter.
8.2 Apparatus

8.2.1 Free-fall test apparatus, of the type shown in Figure 4, or an equivalent which will produce the same

results.

8.2.2 Polished steel ball, of mass (324 ± 5,0) g and diameter (42,8 ± 0,2) mm, having no damaged or

flattened areas on its surface.
8.2.3 Specimen clamping frame, conforming to Figure 5.
8.3 Test specimens

Specimens shall measure (230 ± 0,5) mm × (230 ± 0,5) mm × the thickness of the sheet under test.

8.4 Procedure

The test shall be carried out in the laboratory atmosphere, and in cases of dispute it shall be carried out at

(23 ± 2) °C.

Clamp a specimen in the clamping frame (8.2.3) and place the assembly on the solid base of the free-fall test

apparatus (8.2.1). Cover the specimen with a sheet of carbon paper with its coated face in contact with the

decorative surface. Adjust the height scale so that its base is touching the face of the specimen.

Position the electromagnet at any arbitrary height (the specification limit for the material under test is a useful

starting point).

Place the steel ball (8.2.2) on the energized electromagnet. Operate the release mechanism so that the ball

falls on the specimen, catching the ball on the first rebound so that multiple impacts do not occur.

Examine the impact spot. If cracking is evident, or the carbon imprint is greater than the diameter specified in

ISO 19712-1, lower the electromagnet and repeat the test. If no cracking is evident and the imprint is smaller

than the specified diameter, raise the electromagnet and repeat the test. The distance between points of

impact, and between points of impact and the edge of the specimen, shall be at least 50 mm. For referee

purposes, only one impact per specimen shall be made, with the point of impact as near as possible to the

centre of the specimen.

Repeat the above procedure, as necessary, to determine the impact resistance, which is defined as the

maximum height for which no visible surface cracking, or imprint greater than the specified diameter, occurs in

five successive strikes.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 7
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 electric power supply 9 6-mm-wide slot
2 transformer and rectifier 10 slidable machinist’s steel scale
3 junction box with two-pin socket 11 electromagnet on sliding mount
4 junction box with indicator light 12 wing nut
5 coiled wire lead
13 450 mm × 450 mm × 20 mm steel base plate, levelled
and set firmly to floor, and projecting out far enough in
6 foot treadle switch
front of the stand for the whole of the clamping frame
7 angle iron brackets (attached firmly to wall or
holding the test specimen (see Figure 5) to be placed
column, plumb and perpendicular to base plate)
on it
8 mounting board for test apparatus (medium- or
high-density chipboard)
Figure 4 — Resistance to impact by large-diameter ball (see 8.2.1)
8 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 specimen
2 lower metal frame
3 upper metal frame, thickness 5 mm

Figure 5 — Clamping frame for resistance to impact by large-diameter ball (see 8.2.3)

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved 9
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
8.5 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) the impact resistance, expressed in centimetres;
d) the indentation diameter, expressed in millimetres;
e) any deviation from the method specified;
f) the date of the test.
9 Lightfastness
9.1 Method A
9.1.1 Principle

A specimen taken from the sheet under test is exposed to daylight simulated by the filtered light of one or

more xenon-arc lamps. The effect on the colour of the specimen, at a specified radiant exposure, is assessed

by the contrast between the exposed and unexposed portions of the test specimen. The radiant exposure is

determined both instrumentally and by assessing the effect on blue wool references which are exposed

simultaneously.

Daylight spectral distribution is specified since SSM sheets may, in certain applications, be exposed to direct

daylight through open windows.
9.1.2 Apparatus
9.1.2.1 Test device, as specified in ISO 4892-1 and ISO 4892-2, equipped with:

a) one or more xenon-arc lamps, filtered to provide a spectral energy distribution which closely

approximates to that of solar irradiance as described in CIE Publication No. 85:1989, Table 4, and

ISO 4892-2:2006, Table 1 (method A);

b) stainless-steel specimen holders, in the form of an open frame, which provide the test specimens with a

solid backing;
c) a black-standard thermometer as specified in ISO 4892-1;

d) a photoelectronic sensor (radiometer) of one of the types specified in ISO 9370 to measure the irradiance

and the radiant exposure at the specimen surface in the wavelength range 300 nm to 400 nm, or at

340 nm.

9.1.2.2 Viewing enclosure, having a matt interior colour corresponding approximately to Munsell N5. It

shall be equipped with an artificial light source, located at the top, simulating average north sky daylight (e.g.

tungsten-halogen incandescent lamps) and generating a colour temperature of (6 500 ± 200) K and at least

800 lx at the surface of the specimen. The viewing enclosure shall be placed in a position where the

surrounding lighting conditions will not affect the visual assessment of the specimen.

9.1.3 Test specimen

One test specimen shall be prepared, of a size suitable for the specimen holder used and appropriate for the

method of assessment after exposure.
10 © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
9.1.4 Procedure

The test specimen and a set of blue wool references 5, 6 and 7 (as specified in ISO 105-B02) shall be

exposed simultaneously. Blue wool references 5 and 7 are included to provide confirmation that wool

reference 6 has degraded to the specified degree of contrast.

Using opaque stainless-steel covers, shield approximately one-half of both the test specimen and the set of

blue wool references.
Carry out the test
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
01-februar-2014

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Plastics - Decorative solid surfacing materials - Part 2: Determination of properties -

Sheet goods (ISO 19712-2:2007)

Kunststoffe - Dekorative Mineralwerkstoffe - Teil 2: Prüfverfahren - Plattenware (ISO

19712-2:2007)
Plastiques - Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de surface - Partie 2:
Détermination des propriétés - Produits en feuilles (ISO 19712-2:2007)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19712-2:2013
ICS:
83.140.20 /DPLQDWQHSORãþH Laminated sheets
SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 19712-2
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
January 2013
ICS 83.140.20
English Version
Plastics - Decorative solid surfacing materials - Part 2:
Determination of properties - Sheet goods (ISO 19712-2:2007)

Plastiques - Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de Kunststoffe - Dekorative Mineralwerkstoffe - Teil 2:

surface - Partie 2: Détermination des propriétés - Produits Prüfverfahren - Plattenware (ISO 19712-2:2007)

en feuilles (ISO 19712-2:2007)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 December 2012.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19712-2:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
EN ISO 19712-2:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
EN ISO 19712-2:2013 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 19712-2:2007 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61 “Plastics” of the

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 19712-2:2013 by

Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics” the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by July 2013, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by July 2013.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19712-2:2007 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 19712-2:2013 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19712-2
First edition
2007-12-15
Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing
materials —
Part 2:
Determination of properties — Sheet
goods
Plastiques — Matériaux décoratifs massifs de revêtement de surface —
Partie 2: Détermination des propriétés — Produits en feuilles
Reference number
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
ISO 2007
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
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ii © ISO 2007 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................................ v

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references ........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Cleaning the test specimen surface ................................................................................................... 2

5 Surface defects ..................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Consistency of colour .......................................................................................................................... 3

7 Load test ................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Resistance to impact by large-diameter ball .....................................................................................7

9 Lightfastness....................................................................................................................................... 10

10 Stain/chemical-resistance test .......................................................................................................... 15

11 Resistance to cigarette burns ........................................................................................................... 23

12 Resistance to dry heat........................................................................................................................ 31

13 Resistance to wet heat ....................................................................................................................... 37

14 Hot/cold-cycle water-resistance test ................................................................................................ 40

15 Hardness.............................................................................................................................................. 41

16 Ability to be renewed.......................................................................................................................... 41

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 42

© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 19712-2 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 11, Products.

ISO 19712 consists of the following parts, under the general title Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing

materials:
⎯ Part 1: Classification and specifications
⎯ Part 2: Determination of properties — Sheet goods
⎯ Part 3: Determination of properties — Solid surface shapes
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Introduction

This part of ISO 19172 is intended for use by manufacturers, installers and specifiers of solid surfacing

materials.

The test methods and minimum performance values presented have been related as closely as possible to

end-use applications. The fabrication techniques employed may, however, have a bearing on product

performance and service.

The performance requirements include impact resistance, structure, renewability, colourfastness, cleanability,

stain resistance, water resistance, chemical resistance, bacterial and fungal resistance, and other significant

properties.
© ISO 2007 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing materials —
Part 2:
Determination of properties — Sheet goods

SAFETY STATEMENT — Persons using this document should be familiar with normal laboratory

practice, if applicable. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any,

associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health

practices and to ensure compliance with any regulatory conditions.
1 Scope

This part of ISO 19712 specifies the methods of test for determination of the properties of solid surfacing

materials, as defined in Clause 3, in the form of sheets. These methods are primarily intended for testing the

materials specified in ISO 19712-1.

The tests may be carried out on finished sheets, but are generally carried out on test specimens of a size

sufficient to meet the requirements of the test, and of the same material and finish as the finished sheet.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 105-A02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part A02: Grey scale for assessing change in colour

ISO 105-B02, Textiles — Tests for colour fastness — Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light: Xenon arc

fading lamp test
ISO 209:2007, Aluminium and aluminium alloys — Chemical composition
ISO 1770, Solid-stem general purpose thermometers

ISO 2039-1, Plastics — Determination of hardness — Part 1: Ball indentation method

ISO 2039-2, Plastics — Determination of hardness — Part 2: Rockwell hardness
ISO 3668, Paints and varnishes — Visual comparison of the colour of paints
ISO 4211:1979, Furniture — Assessment of surface resistance to cold liquids
ISO 4892:1981, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources

ISO 4892-1, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 1: General guidance

1) Withdrawn, but still used in certain Asian countries.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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ISO 4892-2:2006, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps

ISO 9370, Plastics — Instrumental determination of radiant exposure in weathering tests — General guidance

and basic test method

ISO 19712-1, Plastics — Decorative solid surfacing materials — Part 1: Classification and specifications

CIE Publication No. 85:1989, Solar spectral irradiance

ASTM D 2244, Standard Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from

Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

ASTM D 2583, Standard Test Method for Indentation Hardness of Rigid Plastics by Means of a Barcol

Impressor
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
solid surfacing material
SSM

material, composed of polymeric materials together with pigments and fillers, intended to be cast into sheets

or shaped products

NOTE 1 The material is of the same composition throughout the whole thickness of the sheet or product.

NOTE 2 Sheets and products made from SSMs are repairable and renewable to the original finish.

NOTE 3 SSMs can also be fabricated into continuous sheets with inconspicuous seams.

4 Cleaning the test specimen surface
4.1 General

The surface to be tested shall be prepared prior to testing using the procedure specified in 4.3.

4.2 Materials
4.2.1 Cellulose sponge.
4.2.2 Non-abrasive cleanser, containing a bleaching agent.
4.2.3 Water.
4.2.4 Clean, absorbent, lint-free material.
4.3 Procedure

Clean the surface using a damp sponge and non-abrasive cleanser containing a bleaching agent, scrubbing

the surface with light hand pressure for up to 1,0 min/m . Rinse the prepared surface with water and dry with

clean, absorbent, lint-free material.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
5 Surface defects
5.1 Procedure

The entire finished surface of a suitable-size sheet shall be rubbed with a sponge and a 50 % solution of tap

water and water-soluble black or blue-black ink after the surface has been washed and dried as described in

4.3. When inspecting coloured sheets, contrasting-coloured ink shall be used. The ink shall be wiped from the

surface with a damp cloth and the surface dried before inspection.
5.2 Method of inspection of surface

After being inked in accordance with 5.1, the surface of the sheet shall be inspected with the unaided eye for

defects and blemishes from a distance of between 305 mm and 610 mm, using a light source giving an

illumination intensity of (1 615 ± 540) lx near the surface to be inspected.
5.3 Performance requirements

The finished surfaces of sheets shall be free from cracks, chipped areas, pinholes and blisters.

Spots, dirt and similar surface blemishes are admissible provided the total area covered by such blemishes is

2 2

not more than 1,0 mm /m of sheet surface. The blemishes may be concentrated in one place or scattered

over the sheet.
5.4 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) whether the surface was free from cracks, chipped areas, etc.;
2 2

d) whether the area covered by spots, dirt, etc., was more than 1,0 mm /m of sheet surface;

e) any deviation from the method specified;
f) the date of the test.
6 Consistency of colour
6.1 Test apparatus and materials
6.1.1 Tabletop, approximately 760 mm above the floor.

6.1.2 Overhead white fluorescent lights, with the bulbs positioned parallel to the line of sight and

providing an illumination intensity of 800 lx to 1 100 lx at the tabletop.
6.1.3 Manufacturer’s recommended seam adhesive.
6.1.4 Manufacturer’s recommended abrasives and random orbital sander.
6.2 Test specimens

Two specimens shall be prepared, one from the beginning of the lot and the other from the end of the lot.

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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For each test specimen, cut two strips, each 320 mm wide, from the full width of the sheet and bond the strips

together, offset by 792 mm, with the manufacturer's recommended adhesive as shown in Figure 1. The strips

shall be bonded in the same direction as they were removed from the sheet. Cut off the two unbonded

portions of the panel thus prepared to give a (640 ± 0,5) mm × (792 ± 0,5) mm specimen with a bond seam

running down the centreline between the midpoints of the 640-mm-long sides as shown in Figure 2. Finish the

seamed specimen by sanding with an orbital sander.

The seam shall be made and finished in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations for the

fabrication and finishing of seamed panels.
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 seam
2 cut lines
X = full width of sheet
Figure 1 — Fabrication of seamed panel from which specimen is cut
Dimensions in millimetres
Figure 2 — Seamed specimen
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
6.3 Test procedure

Place a specimen on the table face up and view it under the illumination defined in 6.1.2 at an eye-to-

specimen distance of 760 mm to 910 mm. View the specimen at angles of approximately 45° and 75°.

6.4 Performance requirement
There shall be no noticeable base colour change along the length of the seam.
6.5 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) whether there was any noticeable base colour change along the seam;
d) any deviation from the method specified;
e) the date of the test.
7 Load test
7.1 Clamping frame

The clamping frame for conducting the load test shall be constructed so as to provide an area measuring

(610 ± 0,6) mm × (762 ± 0,6) mm over which the test specimen is unsupported.
7.2 Test specimen

A seamed specimen shall be used for the test. The specimen shall be fabricated as specified in 6.2.

7.3 Test method

Mount the seamed specimen in the clamping frame so that it is held securely at the four corners of the

specimen and so that the seam runs between the midpoints of the 762-mm-long sides of the unsupported

area inside the clamping frame (see Figure 3).

Apply a load of 1 334 N to the midpoint of the specimen via a weight distribution disc 203 mm in diameter

resting on a 13 mm thick layer of sponge rubber or other suitable soft material located between the disc and

the specimen surface. Leave the load in place for (2,5 ± 0,5) min to allow for settlement of the clamping frame

and any initial slip in the fasteners. Then remove it.

(12,5 ± 2,5) min after removal of the load, reapply the 1 334 N load for not less than 1,5 min or more than

2 min.

10 min after removal of the load, measure the residual deflection of the midpoint of the specimen with a

deflectometer or other suitable device capable of measuring deflections of up to 0,25 mm.

7.4 Performance requirement

There shall be no cracks in the surface of the specimen when inspected after inking as described in 5.1 and

5.2. The maximum residual deflection shall not exceed 0,25 mm after removal of the load.

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
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Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 specimen
2 lower metal frame
3 upper metal frame, thickness 5 mm
Figure 3 — Clamping frame for load test (see 7.1)
7.5 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) whether cracks were formed in the surface of the specimen;
d) whether the maximum residual deflection exceeded 0,25 mm;
e) any deviation from the method specified;
f) the date of the test.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
8 Resistance to impact by large-diameter ball
8.1 Principle

A specimen taken from the sheet under test is covered with a sheet of carbon paper and subjected to the

impact of a steel ball, which is allowed to fall from a known height. Impact resistance is expressed as the

maximum drop height which can be achieved without incurring visible surface cracking or producing an imprint

greater than a specified maximum diameter.
8.2 Apparatus

8.2.1 Free-fall test apparatus, of the type shown in Figure 4, or an equivalent which will produce the same

results.

8.2.2 Polished steel ball, of mass (324 ± 5,0) g and diameter (42,8 ± 0,2) mm, having no damaged or

flattened areas on its surface.
8.2.3 Specimen clamping frame, conforming to Figure 5.
8.3 Test specimens

Specimens shall measure (230 ± 0,5) mm × (230 ± 0,5) mm × the thickness of the sheet under test.

8.4 Procedure

The test shall be carried out in the laboratory atmosphere, and in cases of dispute it shall be carried out at

(23 ± 2) °C.

Clamp a specimen in the clamping frame (8.2.3) and place the assembly on the solid base of the free-fall test

apparatus (8.2.1). Cover the specimen with a sheet of carbon paper with its coated face in contact with the

decorative surface. Adjust the height scale so that its base is touching the face of the specimen.

Position the electromagnet at any arbitrary height (the specification limit for the material under test is a useful

starting point).

Place the steel ball (8.2.2) on the energized electromagnet. Operate the release mechanism so that the ball

falls on the specimen, catching the ball on the first rebound so that multiple impacts do not occur.

Examine the impact spot. If cracking is evident, or the carbon imprint is greater than the diameter specified in

ISO 19712-1, lower the electromagnet and repeat the test. If no cracking is evident and the imprint is smaller

than the specified diameter, raise the electromagnet and repeat the test. The distance between points of

impact, and between points of impact and the edge of the specimen, shall be at least 50 mm. For referee

purposes, only one impact per specimen shall be made, with the point of impact as near as possible to the

centre of the specimen.

Repeat the above procedure, as necessary, to determine the impact resistance, which is defined as the

maximum height for which no visible surface cracking, or imprint greater than the specified diameter, occurs in

five successive strikes.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 electric power supply 9 6-mm-wide slot
2 transformer and rectifier 10 slidable machinist’s steel scale
3 junction box with two-pin socket 11 electromagnet on sliding mount
4 junction box with indicator light 12 wing nut
5 coiled wire lead
13 450 mm × 450 mm × 20 mm steel base plate, levelled
and set firmly to floor, and projecting out far enough in
6 foot treadle switch
front of the stand for the whole of the clamping frame
7 angle iron brackets (attached firmly to wall or
holding the test specimen (see Figure 5) to be placed
column, plumb and perpendicular to base plate)
on it
8 mounting board for test apparatus (medium- or
high-density chipboard)
Figure 4 — Resistance to impact by large-diameter ball (see 8.2.1)
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
Dimensions in millimetres
Key
1 specimen
2 lower metal frame
3 upper metal frame, thickness 5 mm

Figure 5 — Clamping frame for resistance to impact by large-diameter ball (see 8.2.3)

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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
8.5 Test report
The test report shall include the following information:
a) a reference to this part of ISO 19712;
b) the name and type of product;
c) the impact resistance, expressed in centimetres;
d) the indentation diameter, expressed in millimetres;
e) any deviation from the method specified;
f) the date of the test.
9 Lightfastness
9.1 Method A
9.1.1 Principle

A specimen taken from the sheet under test is exposed to daylight simulated by the filtered light of one or

more xenon-arc lamps. The effect on the colour of the specimen, at a specified radiant exposure, is assessed

by the contrast between the exposed and unexposed portions of the test specimen. The radiant exposure is

determined both instrumentally and by assessing the effect on blue wool references which are exposed

simultaneously.

Daylight spectral distribution is specified since SSM sheets may, in certain applications, be exposed to direct

daylight through open windows.
9.1.2 Apparatus
9.1.2.1 Test device, as specified in ISO 4892-1 and ISO 4892-2, equipped with:

a) one or more xenon-arc lamps, filtered to provide a spectral energy distribution which closely

approximates to that of solar irradiance as described in CIE Publication No. 85:1989, Table 4, and

ISO 4892-2:2006, Table 1 (method A);

b) stainless-steel specimen holders, in the form of an open frame, which provide the test specimens with a

solid backing;
c) a black-standard thermometer as specified in ISO 4892-1;

d) a photoelectronic sensor (radiometer) of one of the types specified in ISO 9370 to measure the irradiance

and the radiant exposure at the specimen surface in the wavelength range 300 nm to 400 nm, or at

340 nm.

9.1.2.2 Viewing enclosure, having a matt interior colour corresponding approximately to Munsell N5. It

shall be equipped with an artificial light source, located at the top, simulating average north sky daylight (e.g.

tungsten-halogen incandescent lamps) and generating a colour temperature of (6 500 ± 200) K and at least

800 lx at the surface of the specimen. The viewing enclosure shall be placed in a position where the

surrounding lighting conditions will not affect the visual assessment of the specimen.

9.1.3 Test specimen

One test specimen shall be prepared, of a size suitable for the specimen holder used and appropriate for the

method of assessment after exposure.
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SIST EN ISO 19712-2:2014
ISO 19712-2:2007(E)
9.1.4 Procedure

The test specimen and a set of blue wool references 5, 6 and 7 (as specified in ISO 105-B02) shall be

exposed simultaneously. Blue wool references 5 and 7 are included to provide confirmation that wool

reference 6 has degraded to the specified degree of contrast.

Using opaque stainless-steel covers, shield approximately one-half of both the test specimen and the set of

...

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