Communication network dependability engineering

IEC 61907:2009 gives guidance on dependability engineering of communication networks. It establishes a generic framework for network dependability performance, provides a process for network dependability implementation, and presents criteria and methodology for network technology designs, performance evaluation, security consideration and quality of service measurement to achieve network dependability performance objectives. This standard is applicable to network equipment developers and suppliers, network integrators and providers of network service functions for planning, evaluation and implementation of network dependability.

Zuverlässigkeit von Kommunikationsnetzen

Ingénierie de la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux de communication

La CEI 61907:2009 fournit des lignes directrices relatives à l'ingénierie de la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux de communication. Elle définit un cadre général pour garantir la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux, fournit un processus de mise en oeuvre de la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux, présente des critères et une méthodologie de conception technologique des réseaux, d'évaluation de la performance, ainsi que des considérations d'ordre sécuritaire et de mesure de la qualité de service nécessaires à la réalisation des objectifs de sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux. La présente norme s'adresse aux développeurs et fournisseurs d'équipements réseau, aux intégrateurs de réseau et aux fournisseurs de prestations de services de réseau afin de leur permettre de planifier, d'évaluer et de mettre en oeuvre la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux.

Navodila za tehnično načrtovanje zagotovljivosti komunikacijskega omrežja (IEC 61907:2009)

Ta mednarodni standard podaja navodila glede tehničnega načrtovanja zagotovljivosti komunikacijskih omrežij.  Vzpostavlja generično ogrodje za delovanje zagotovljivosti omrežja, podaja postopek za izvajanje zagotovljivosti omrežja in predstavlja merila in metodologijo za tehnično načrtovanje omrežij, ocenjevanje delovanja, varnostni premislek in kvaliteto meritve storitev za doseganje ciljev delovanja zagotovljivosti omrežja. Ta standard se uporablja za razvijalce in dobavitelje opreme za omrežja, združevalce omrežja in ponudnike omrežnih servisnih storitev za načrtovanje, ocenjevanje in izvajanje zagotovljivosti omrežja.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Feb-2010
Technical Committee
Drafting Committee
Parallel Committee
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Start Date
12-Feb-2010
Due Date
14-Mar-2010
Completion Date
12-Feb-2010

Buy Standard

Standard
EN 61907:2010
English language
63 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview
e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 61907:2010
01-april-2010
1DYRGLOD]DWHKQLþQRQDþUWRYDQMH]DJRWRYOMLYRVWLNRPXQLNDFLMVNHJDRPUHåMD ,(&

Guidance on communication network dependability engineering (IEC 61907:2009)
Zuverlässigkeit von Telekommunikationsnetzen (IEC 61907:2009)
Recommandation pour l'ingénierie de la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux de
communication (CEI 61907:2009)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 61907:2010
ICS:
21.020 =QDþLOQRVWLLQQDþUWRYDQMH Characteristics and design of
VWURMHYDSDUDWRYRSUHPH machines, apparatus,
equipment
33.040.40 Podatkovna komunikacijska Data communication
omrežja networks
35.110 Omreževanje Networking
SIST EN 61907:2010 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 61907
NORME EUROPÉENNE
February 2010
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 21.020; 33.040.40
English version
Communication network dependability engineering
(IEC 61907:2009)
Ingénierie de la sûreté de fonctionnement Zuverlässigkeit
des réseaux de communication von Kommunikationsnetzen
(CEI 61907:2009) (IEC 61907:2009)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2010-02-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the Central Secretariat or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,

Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Central Secretariat: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2010 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 61907:2010 E
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
EN 61907:2010 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 56/1339/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 61907, prepared by IEC TC 56,

Dependability, was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and was approved by CENELEC as

EN 61907 on 2010-02-01.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN and CENELEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
The following dates were fixed:
– latest date by which the EN has to be implemented
at national level by publication of an identical
national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2010-11-01
– latest date by which the national standards conflicting
with the EN have to be withdrawn (dow) 2013-02-01
Annex ZA has been added by CENELEC.
__________
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 61907:2009 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated:

[1] IEC 60300-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60300-1.
[2] IEC 60300-2 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60300-2.
[3] IEC 60300-3-1 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60300-3-1.
[4] IEC 60300-3-3 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60300-3-3.
[5] IEC 60300-3-11 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60300-3-11.
[6] IEC 60300-3-12 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60300-3-12.
[7] IEC 60812 NOTE Harmonized as EN 60812.
[8] IEC 61025 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61025.
[9] IEC 61078 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61078.
[10] IEC 61165 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61165.
__________
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
- 3 - EN 61907:2010
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
IEC 60050-191 - International Electrotechnical Vocabulary - -
(IEV) -
Chapter 191: Dependability and quality of
service
IEC 60300-3-15 - Dependability management - EN 60300-3-15 -
Part 3-15: Application guide - Engineering of
system dependability
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
IEC 61907
Edition 1.0 2009-12
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Communication network dependability engineering
Ingénierie de la sûreté de fonctionnement des réseaux de communication
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX
ICS 21.020; 33.040.40 ISBN 2-8318-1072-8
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
– 2 – 61907 © IEC:2009
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................4

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................6

1 Scope...............................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references .......................................................................................................7

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................7

3.1 Terms and definitions ..............................................................................................7

3.2 Abbreviations ........................................................................................................10

4 Overview of communication network dependability .........................................................10

4.1 Network dependability framework ..........................................................................10

4.2 Network life cycle and evolution process ...............................................................11

5 Network dependability implementation............................................................................12

5.1 Dependability engineering applications..................................................................12

5.2 Network technology consideration .........................................................................21

5.3 Network service functions consideration................................................................22

5.4 Network performance consideration.......................................................................23

5.5 Integrity of network data and information ...............................................................26

5.6 Quality of service (QoS) ........................................................................................27

6 Network dependability assessment and measurement ....................................................30

6.1 Network dependability analysis .............................................................................30

6.2 Network dependability fault insertion test ..............................................................31

6.3 Measurement of network dependability attributes ..................................................32

6.4 Network dependability assessment methods .........................................................32

7 Quality of service measurement......................................................................................34

7.1 QoS measurement overview..................................................................................34

7.2 Generic user-oriented QoS parameters and requirements .....................................35

Annex A (informative) Generic communication network model and related concepts ............37

Annex B (informative) Network life cycle and evolution process ...........................................46

Annex C (informative) Criteria for establishing network security services .............................56

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................60

Figure A.1 – A generic communication network model ..........................................................37

Figure A.2 – A process model on interactions of areas of influence.......................................38

Figure A.3 – OSI reference model.........................................................................................39

Figure A.4 – QoS, dependability and network performance relationships ..............................41

Figure B.1 – Network evolution process incorporated in the network life cycle stages ...........46

Table 1 – A matrix for capturing user’s QoS data ..................................................................36

Table A.1 – Examples of dependability influencing factors affecting network

technology ............................................................................................................................42

Table A.2 – Examples of dependability influencing factors affecting network service

functions...............................................................................................................................

Table A.3 – Examples of dependability influencing factors affecting delivery of network

performance .........................................................................................................................44

Table A.4 – Examples of dependability influencing factors affecting integrity of

network data and information and provision of QoS ..............................................................45

---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
61907 © IEC:2009 – 3 –

Table C.1 – Four basic types of vulnerability causes.............................................................57

---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
– 4 – 61907 © IEC:2009
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
COMMUNICATION NETWORK DEPENDABILITY ENGINEERING
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 61907 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 56:

Dependability.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
56/1339/FDIS 56/1350/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
61907 © IEC:2009 – 5 –

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in

the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
– 6 – 61907 © IEC:2009
INTRODUCTION

Communication networks are today growing in complexity to meet diverse market demands

and public communication needs; networks such as mobile phones, e-commerce, intranet and

Internet services.

At the same time, communication technologies are developing rapidly to provide efficient

network services and dependable performance needed in worldwide communications. The

essential communication services such as information exchange, data processing and

network connections enable public and private communications work to be carried out cost-

effectively. Business and private sectors greatly depend on these communication services

that have become pivotal in their daily routines. A key factor in ensuring network performance

and network service functions is dependability.

Network dependability is the ability of a network to perform as and when required and to meet

users’ communication needs for continuous network performance and service operation. From

a user’s perspective, dependability infers that the provision of network service functions is

trustworthy and capable of performing the desirable service upon demand. Network

dependability is characterized by its performance attributes including availability of network

performance and quality of service.
The network concept is an extension of the systems concept, addressing a common

framework for the interaction of network elements and interoperability of service functions that

together achieve specific communication objectives.

The network requires specific performance characteristics in order to deliver both its service

functions and communication services. Network dependability engineering is a specific risk-

based technical discipline intended to deal with the diverse applications and deployment of

essential communication services. Unlike the system life cycle where system retirement exists,

a network seldom reaches retirement. A network evolves with time to accommodate

innovative feature applications and provision of continual communication service needs. The

network life cycle is evolutionary and has to address technology convergence issues and

renewal processes as well as characterize specific dependability attributes to meet network

performance objectives. The need for network dependability standardization is essential to

achieve cost-effective development and implementation of communication networks.

Communication network dependability provides important performance attributes for network

equipment developers and suppliers, network integrators and providers of network service

functions who are mainly concerned with global competitive environments. The primary

reason is that dependability can seriously impact revenue generation and affect return-on-

investments. Users of network service functions and communication services rely heavily on

network functions and reliable services that guarantee network security and uninterrupted

network connections for voice, video and data transmission.

This International Standard provides a generic framework for communication network

dependability. The communication network includes telecommunications networks, Internet

and intra-networks utilizing information technology. This standard describes the influence of

dependability attributes and their impact on network performance. It provides the criteria and

methodology for network technology designs, security service functions, dependability

assessment and quality of service evaluation. This is to guide engineering and

implementation processes for realization of network dependability performance objectives.

This standard constitutes part of a framework of standards on system aspects of

dependability by extending the system dependability concepts of IEC 60300-3-15 for network

applications, and to support IEC 60300-1 and IEC 60300-2 on dependability management.

The network performance and communication services in this standard are referenced in the

International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication standardization sector (ITU-T)

series of recommendations.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
61907 © IEC:2009 – 7 –
COMMUNICATION NETWORK DEPENDABILITY ENGINEERING
1 Scope

This International Standard gives guidance on dependability engineering of communication

networks. It establishes a generic framework for network dependability performance, provides

a process for network dependability implementation, and presents criteria and methodology

for network technology designs, performance evaluation, security consideration and quality of

service measurement to achieve network dependability performance objectives.

This standard is applicable to network equipment developers and suppliers, network

integrators and providers of network service functions for planning, evaluation and

implementation of network dependability.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this standard. For

dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of

the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

IEC 60050-191, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary – Chapter 191: Dependability and

quality of service

IEC 60300-3-15, Dependability management – Part 3-15: Application guide – Engineering of

system dependability
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 60050-191 and the

following apply.
3.1.1
communication network

system of communication nodes and links that provides transmission of analog or digital

signals

EXAMPLES Telecommunications networks, Internet, intranet, extranet, Wide Area Networks (WAN), Local Area

Networks (LAN) and computer networking utilizing information technology.

NOTE 1 A network has its boundary. All nodes at the network boundary are called ends. In some applications, the

term “node” is used instead of “end” as a communication access point to the network, as well as for

interconnections between the transmission links.

NOTE 2 A “backbone” communication network consists of core network and high-speed transmission lines

(national or international), connecting between major switching network nodes (interconnection of transmission

lines) at various locations in a country or region.
3.1.2
(network) dependability

ability to perform as and when required to meet specified communication and operational

requirements
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
– 8 – 61907 © IEC:2009
3.1.3
(network) availability

ability to be in a state to perform as and when required, under given conditions, assuming that

the necessary external resources are provided

NOTE 1 Availability depends on the combined characteristics of the reliability, maintainability, and recoverability

of the item, and generally, on the maintenance support performance.

NOTE 2 Given conditions would include aspects that affect reliability, maintainability and maintenance support

performance.
3.1.4
(network) reliability
ability to perform as required for a given time interval, under given conditions

NOTE 1 Given conditions would include aspects that affect reliability, such as: mode of operation, stress levels,

environmental conditions.

NOTE 2 Reliability may be quantified using appropriate measures such as meantime to failure, or the probability of

no failure within a specified period of time.
3.1.5
(network) maintainability

ability to be retained in, or restored to, a state in which it can perform as required under given

conditions of use and maintenance
NOTE 1 ”Given conditions of use” may include storage.

NOTE 2 ”Given conditions of maintenance” include the procedures and resources to be used.

NOTE 3 Maintainability may be quantified using such measures as, mean time to restoration, or the probability of

restoration within a specified period of time.
3.1.6
maintenance support

resources to conduct maintenance according to a given maintenance concept and policy

3.1.7
maintenance support performance

ability of an organization to complete specified network maintenance support upon demand

under given conditions

NOTE The “given conditions” include those related to the maintenance organization, and to the conditions under

which the item is used, maintained, and relevant maintenance policies and procedures.

3.1.8
(network) recoverability
ability to recover from a failure, without corrective maintenance
NOTE 1 The ability to recover may or may not require external actions.

NOTE 2 Recoverability may be quantified using such measures as, mean time to restoration, or the probability of

restoration within a specified period of time.
3.1.9
(network) element
subsystem or component of a communication network
EXAMPLES Terminals, nodes, links and switches.

NOTE 1 A network element may involve human input to perform its service function.

NOTE 2 Network nodes and access points are connected by network links.
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
61907 © IEC:2009 – 9 –
3.1.10
(network) link
electrical, wireless or optical connection between network nodes
3.1.11
(network) performance
ability to provide the service functions related to communications between users
[ITU Recommendation I.350]

NOTE Network dependability performance refers to the ability of the network to provide or demonstrate the

dependability attributes in network operation to achieve network objectives and quality of service requirements.

3.1.12
(network) management

application of organized processes and resources to manage the performance, configuration,

accounting, fault, and security activities
3.1.13
(network) service function

program or application that interacts with the network users or within the network

infrastructure to transmit or exchange data and information in the network

NOTE A network service function may consist of hardware and software elements, and may involve human

interactions for realizing a specific function.
3.1.14
network services

provision of network service functions and communication services to the network users

NOTE 1 Communication services are the network services subscribed by the end-users.

NOTE 2 A bearer service is a communication service function that allows transmission of user-information signals

between user-network interfaces.
3.1.15
quality of service

collective effect of service performance that determines the degree of satisfaction of a user of

the service
3.1.16
network failure
loss of network ability to perform its function as required

NOTE The failure may be due to, for example, equipment failure, natural disasters or human-caused disturbance.

3.1.17
network fault

state characterized by the inability of the network to perform its function as required

NOTE 1 In the context of network operation, a fault may be natural due to an abnormal condition, or malfunction

resulting in a network element failure, or induced by external means such as fault insertion.

NOTE 2 A degraded state in network performance is a situation where one or more performance characteristics

do not conform to requirements.
3.1.18
service provider
organization that provides communication network services

EXAMPLES Telephone companies, data carriers, mobile services, Internet service providers, and cable television

operators.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
– 10 – 61907 © IEC:2009

NOTE Network carrier or common carrier is an organization that transports a product or service using its facilities,

or those of other carriers, and offers services to the general public. The term communication carrier refers to

various telephone companies that provide local, long distance or value added services.

3.1.19
user
party that employs the services of a service provider for direct network access
NOTE 1 A user may be a source or recipient of user information, or both.

NOTE 2 In some circumstances, a user of a communication service is also known as a subscriber.

3.1.20
(network) integrity

ability to ensure that the data throughput contents are not contaminated, corrupted, lost or

altered between transmission and reception
3.2 Abbreviations
E2E End-to-End
FMEA Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
FTA Fault Tree Analysis
IP Internet Protocol

ITU-T International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication standardization sector

LAN Local Area Network
NGN Next Generation Network
OSI Open Systems Interconnection
QoS Quality of Service
RBD Reliability Block Diagram
SLA Service Level Agreement
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
WAN Wide Area Network
4 Overview of communication network dependability
4.1 Network dependability framework

A communication network consists of network elements such as switches, transmitters,

computers, telephones and other devices connected by communication facilities for

exchanging information electronically. The connections can be permanent via cable or

temporary by means of telephone or Internet links. The transmission medium can be physical

(e.g. fibre optics) or wireless (e.g. satellite). It covers many technologies such as radio,

television, telephone, data communication and computer networking utilizing information

technology.
---------------------- Page: 16 ----------------------
SIST EN 61907:2010
61907 © IEC:2009 – 11 –

The nature of network operation is multi-faceted and ever expanding and evolving such as

doing business on-line via the Internet. The infrastructure connecting different types of

communication systems and interacting networks is extremely complex. The integration of

disparate networks and systems demands evolving establishment of interfaces and protocols

for interoperability to attain viable network connectivity and service performance. Enterprise

marketing and e-commerce pressures often dictate development of new techniques that

change the ground
...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.